36 views

Uploaded by Mohamed A. Taher

This book is about some basics in math

- Linear Equations In Two Variables
- CC2 Ch 6 TV
- Chapter 2 Algebraic Manipulation
- Ordinary Differential Equations
- Unit 3 Systems of Equations
- g9 mtap reviewer
- A Guide to Solving Simple Ordinary Differential Equations
- (chapter 3) quadratic function
- IS_Tp03-3
- Problem 003-Mm _ Method of Members _ Engineering Mechanics Review
- ordinary differential equations -solution manual
- Ode
- D-bredd-eng-vt99
- 4037_s03_qp_1
- Additional Mathematics 2010 June Paper 22
- Additional Mathematics 2005 June Paper 2
- Bai-tap-buoi-2
- Note11
- systemsofequationsunit
- solvingTrigoFunc[1]

You are on page 1of 37

MATH103

For Engineering

Winter 2015

Lecture # 1

1

Lecturer: Dr. Hany El-Sharkawy

Office:

C3.106

E- mail: hany.elsharkawy@guc.edu.eg

Textbooks:

I- Available on the INTRAnet via:

V:\Faculties\Basic Sciences\Mathematics\2015_Winter\MATH-103

Calculus, J. Stewart, 7th edition.

2

Whenever you need our help, you will find a TEAM of tutors are

ready to support you:

Eng. Lina Darwish

Eng. Karim Kamal

Eng. Nouran Arafat

Eng. Michael Mounir

tarek.abdelgaber@guc.edu.eg

lina.darwish@guc.edu.eg

mohamed.hafez-amer@guc.edu.eg

aia.yousef@guc.edu.eg

karim.kamal@guc.edu.eg

nouran.zaghlool@guc.edu.eg

michael.nagib@guc.edu.eg

engy.hanafy@guc.edu.eg

khaled.elagha@guc.edu.eg

3

Course Assessment

Assessment will be based on: assignments,

quizzes, Midterm and Final exams.

10% : Assignments

must be submitted in your tutorials .

20% : Midterm Exam

50% : Final Exam.

Important Notice: 75% of the lectures and

tutorials must be attended.

4

Design a car

modeling

Mathematical Model

Write the equations

analysis

verification

Predictions

Explanations

Computer code

interpretation

Mathematical

conclusions

1. Introduce the basics of numbers, algebraic

and transcendental functions which are

mostly used in engineering study.

2. Introduce the fundamental concepts of

limits and continuity.

3. Introduce the main concept of the

derivative with more stress on its

engineering applications.

4. Introduce the concept of integration,

indefinite and definite, and show some

applications of the definite integration.

6

Course Outlines

Engineering

Mathematics 1

Math 103

Numbers,

Inequalities and

Basic functions

5 Lectures

Limits and

continuity

Derivative and

its applications

Integration

3 Lectures

8 Lectures

4 lectures

GUC - MATH103

Chapter 1

Basics: Numbers, Inequalities &

algebraic and transcendental functions

8

Lecture 1

A- Fundamental concepts of

Numbers

1.2 Integer exponents of real numbers

1.3 Radicals and Rational exponents

9

N = {1, 2, 3, 4, }.

The whole numbers:

N* = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, }.

The integers: Z = {, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, }.

n

The rational numbers: Q = {x = ; n,m Z; m 0}.

m

The irrational numbers Q = {e, , 5 ,..}

The real numbers: R = Q Q = ]- , [

NNotice

, Z , Q contain

data

values,

R contains

thatDiscrete

for any

two

realwhile

numbers

a continuous

and b data values

(1) we define unique numbers a+b and ab

First term

Second factor

Second term

First factor

10

numbers; the number line

Every real number is represented by a point on a horizontal

straight line called the number line, and conversely, every point

on the number line represents one and only one real number

Positive numbers

0

Negative numbers

We say that a < b if b-a is a positive real number

or equivalently, if a precedes b on the number line.

a b if: a < b or a = b.

11

1- Decimal representation of a number shows if

the number is rational or irrational!!!!!---------?

0.9999999999

2- Prove that:

= or

1 ???

5 is an irrational number.

6- The sum difference of two reals is a real?

7- The sum of two irrationals is an irrational?

12

2- Prove that:

5 is an irrational number.

5 lies somewhere between 2 and 3.

On the number line, create a right angle triangle

with a base of 2 units and a height of 1 unit. The

hypotenuse length is sqrt(5).

Using a compass, draw a circle using the point on

the triangle where the base and hypotenuse meet

as the center, and the point where the hypotenuse

and height meet as to draw the circle.

14

integer then we define:

a a

.

a.a

......

a , a 1, a

n times

1

n

a

35 3 3 3 3 3 243

S o, what about...?

Laws of exponents

(i ) a m . a n a m n

( ii) (a m )n a mn

( iv) (ab)n a n b n

a n an

(v ) ( ) n

b

b

am

( iii) n a m n

a

15

any positive integers then we define:

n

1

n

a a ,

m

n

a n a m ( n a )m

Laws of radicals

(i )

( iii)

an a

n

ab n a .n b

( ii)

( iv)

m n

a mn a

a na

n

b

b

16

B- Techniques of solving

equations and inequalities

1.4 Introduction

1.5 Solving linear equations

1.6 Solving quadratic equations

1.7 Solving other types of equations

1.8 Solutions of inequalities

1.9 Equations and inequalities involving absolute

value

17

1.4 Introduction

What is an equation?

It is a statement in which two algebraic

expressions are equal.

Examples

of equations:

2

What

is the solution

of an equation

?

x 2x 3 0

which make the equation a true statement.

Examples of equations:

2x+4x = 6x

2x+1 = 5

True for all values of x

Identity

(x = 2 only)

Conditional equation

18

ax b c

cb

x

a

Example: Solve the equation:

2x 1 7

Solution: 2 x 1 7 2 x 6 x 3

Therefore, the

19

ax bx c 0

2

the following two methods:

Method 1: By factorizing

Method 2: By using the standard quadratic

formula

20

Example: Solve the equation: x 2 x 12 0

Solution: x x 12 ( x 4)( x 3) 0

( x 4) 0 x 4 or ( x 3) 0 x 3

2

Therefore, the solution

set = {-3, 4}

21

formula:

b b 2 4ac

2

b b 4ac and

x2

x1

2a

2a

Solution: a 1, b 1, c 12. Hence, we have:

x1

b b 2 4ac

x2

2a

b b 4ac

2a

2

1 1 4(1)( 12)

2(1)

1 49 1 7

2

2

6

3

2

and

1 1 4(1)( 12)

2(1)

1 49 1 7

2

2

8

4

2

22

Important formulas

A B ( A B )( A B )

2

A3 B3 ( A B )( A2 AB B 2 )

A B ( A B )( A AB B )

3

( A B ) A 2 AB B

( A B ) A 2 AB B

( A B ) A 3 A B 3 AB B

3

( A B ) A 3 A B 3 AB B

3

3

23

1.

( x 2) 12

2.

( x 1) 64

3.

( x 5) 27

Solution: 1. ( x 2)2

12 x 4 x 4 12

2

x 4 x 8 0,

2

24

It is a statement that two (or many) algebraic

expressions are related to each other by one (or

more than one) of the symbols <, >, or .

What is the solution of an inequality?

It is the set of all values (usually an interval) of

the variable that makes the inequality a true

statement

(satisfy the inequality).

25

It is any portion of the number line

if it corresponds to

line segment on

the number line

if it corresponds to a ray on

the number line

26

Types of intervals

27

absolute value |u|?

(a) Equations involving absolute value

An equation of the form:

u k

u k , if k 0

u 0, if k 0

no solution, if k 0

u v u v

28

1.

4x 3 5

2.

x 6 x 12 7 x

2

3. 2 x 3 x 6

29

Solutions:

1.

4 x 3 5 4 x 3 5

x 2 & x 0.5 S. S. {0.5, 2}

2. x 6 x (12 7 x )

2

x 6 x 12 7 x or x 6 x 7 x 12

2

x 2 x 12 0 or x 2 13 x 12 0

x 4, 3

or x 1, 12.

S . S . {4, 1, 3, 12}

3.

2 x 3 ( x 6 ) x 3 & x 3

S.S. {3, 3}

30

u k k u k

1.

u k u k or u k

2.

3.

u uu0

Note that: i.

u u

2

not

not u

u k k u

2

ii.

iii. u k u

2

k or u k

31

1.

2x 3 5

2.

x2 3 1

3.

x4

2

x 1

32

Solutions:

2

x

2

x

5

1.

2 2 x 8 1 x 4 ] 1,4[

2

2

2

x

1

or

x

3 1

2.

x 4 or x 2

2

" x 2 or x 2" or 2 x 2

3. x 4 2 | x 4 | 2 | x 1 | : x 1

x 1

( x 4)2 4( x 1)2 x 2 4 2 x 2

[2, 2] {1} [2,1[]1,2]

33

1. 2x-1 7

2. 5(x+1) <2(4-3x)+2x

3. 2x < 6 x 3x + 2

4.

x2 x 2 0

5. 5 x 2

x 1

34

check first if it is factorized or not:

Case 1 : x 2 5 x 6 0 " factorized"

( x 2)( x 3) 0 line - test x ]2,3[.

Case 2 : - 3 x 2 6 x 1 0 " not factorized"

S o, we proceed using complete square method :

- 3(x - 1) 2 2 0 3(x - 1) 2 2

2

2

(x - 1) | x 1 | 23

3

2

3

x 1

x [1

2

3

,1

2

3

2

3

1

]

2

3

x 1

2

3

35

while solving some inequalities:

#1 : if

a x a 0 x2 a2

Like : 2 x 2 0 x 2 4

# 2 : if

Like : 2 x 3 0 x 2 9 & 5 x 4 0 x 2 25

# 3 : if

x y

multiplying by a constant " c"

cx cy if c 0 While cx cy if c 0

#4 : Knowing that the outputs of " . " & "| . |" must be " 0" ,

then, one can see that :

x 2 | x | not " x"

&

25 5 not "5"

36

1 By the geometry of " y | x |" comapred with " y 5".

2 OR : by sketching the interval [5,5] on a real line represents

" x" and then apply the modulus effect on this line.

37

Thank you

38

- Linear Equations In Two VariablesUploaded byOP Gupta
- CC2 Ch 6 TVUploaded byngyncloud
- Chapter 2 Algebraic ManipulationUploaded byAaron Kirk
- Ordinary Differential EquationsUploaded byKurniawati Sukma Yunita
- Unit 3 Systems of EquationsUploaded byErin Phillips
- g9 mtap reviewerUploaded byAjo Sjeaony Teanceal
- A Guide to Solving Simple Ordinary Differential EquationsUploaded byTu Shirota
- (chapter 3) quadratic functionUploaded bydenixng
- IS_Tp03-3Uploaded byRatnakar Swain
- Problem 003-Mm _ Method of Members _ Engineering Mechanics ReviewUploaded byRoxcell Gloriani
- ordinary differential equations -solution manualUploaded byrlewis12
- OdeUploaded bynikobelook
- D-bredd-eng-vt99Uploaded byEpic Win
- 4037_s03_qp_1Uploaded byKhurram Ahmed
- Additional Mathematics 2010 June Paper 22Uploaded bySharifa McLeod
- Additional Mathematics 2005 June Paper 2Uploaded bylornarifa
- Bai-tap-buoi-2Uploaded byDang Cong San
- Note11Uploaded bynaefmubarak
- systemsofequationsunitUploaded byapi-209093515
- solvingTrigoFunc[1]Uploaded byFaZz Baa
- GMAT QUANT TOPIC 3 (Inequalities + Absolute Value) SolutionsUploaded byBhagath Gottipati
- Lesson 2Uploaded bystrom89
- 117206140-MTAP-2012-Math4Uploaded byAnonymous UFOiJwZ
- f08w05 Ode Good MscUploaded byratchagar a
- lec6.pdfUploaded byRavi
- formativeUploaded byapi-310483232
- lec1Uploaded byAbhay Gupta
- 187A73CFB9260615B1EC684FFAC9DF84Uploaded byPaulino Adao
- Magoosh TopicsUploaded byvmkakumanu
- 1617 QS015_1 SolutionUploaded byDinie Bidi

- LPP Formulation and Graphical MethodUploaded byKarthik AC
- 04-05Math240SyllabusUploaded byDAVID
- differential equationUploaded byAbhijit Roy
- AMIETE_ITmainUploaded byViral Prajapati
- Mastering Python Scientific Computing - Sample ChapterUploaded byPackt Publishing
- Theory of Equations Volume I by Burnside & PantonUploaded byADITI Library
- Structural Analysis with the Finite Element Method; Linear Statics Volume 1, Basis and Solids_E.OñateUploaded bySerruchin 84
- Extract pages from [Steven_Chapra]_Applied_Numerical_Methods_With_MAT_contoh gauss seidell.pdfUploaded byaprianus paskalis
- Hit121 NotesUploaded byKwinjo Gerald
- Inverse Trignometric FunctionsUploaded byKoyal Gupta
- InequalitiesUploaded bykrissypainty
- NC9 5.2-5.1 Chapter 7 Equations_unlockedUploaded byAlyssa L
- Problems and Exercises in Integral Equations-krasnov-kiselev-makarenkoUploaded byVictor Augusto Virgilio Fernandes
- Angol Ordinary Differential EquationsUploaded byjjj_ddd_pierre
- scccr-algebraiUploaded byapi-269559470
- ch02_part1Uploaded byspock126
- Linear Programming.docUploaded byavi
- Business math.docxUploaded byAsif Ahmed
- cdeUploaded byDavid Tomy
- Complex and QuadraticUploaded byHimanshu Jha
- lecture notes to presentationUploaded byapi-361457965
- Mca EntranceUploaded bymengelhu
- Eksponencijalne i Logaritamske JednacineUploaded byAnonymous WkbmWCa8M
- sm_12_math_eng_201617Uploaded byBhavesh Desai
- Examples and Analysis of Fixed Point IterationUploaded byConnorSorenson
- cet-2012 (Chandigarh)Uploaded byDoggyman Doggyman Doggyman
- MTH603 Final Term Solved MCQsUploaded byMuhammad Asif Butt Mohsini
- Essential Mathematical Method 1 & 2 CAS Chapter 1Uploaded byNeoneoDu
- VI_Ch4.pdfUploaded byAnonymous scnl9rH
- Linear AdvectionUploaded byKenneth Davis