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Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant

(Motor Ship)

3.

Original Date:
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Engine Room Plant (Motor Ship)


Engine Room Plant consists of various machineries, arranged according to their
functions and in some other way integrated to a single control system to ease the
operation in one location.
Main Propulsion Plant
The power is being develop from the main engine and transfer the torque to the
propeller via the shafting arrangement. This is the main plant in the engine room that
provides power to propel the ship. When in operation, the watch keepers monitors
and records various parameters such as pressure, temperatures etc. Any
discrepancy of parameters from operating standards is being rectified.
Fig. 3.1-1 Main Propulsion Plant

3.1.1 Shafting Arrangement


To transmit the power of the main engine to the propeller, shafting arrangement is
provided. The number of shafts and bearings varies depend on the design of the
ships. In the modern ships, there is one thrust shaft, one or more intermediate shaft
and a propeller shaft which are all supported by bearings.
a. Thrust shaft is the shaft next to main engine which is connected to the flywheel
and supported by the thrust bearing. The main purpose is to transmit the
rotational thrust of the main engine connecting rod to the propeller. The thrust
bearing maintains the alignment of the thrust shaft and absorb the axial thrusts
that are being generated during transmission of force.
b. The intermediate shaft is the intermediary shaft between the thrust shaft and the
propeller shaft. One or more intermediate shaft is connected and the number

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

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depends on the length of the engine to the propeller. The intermediate shaft is
supported by an intermediate bearing and the plummer block.
c. The propeller shaft is the last shaft connected in the shafting arrangement. One
end of the shaft is tapered and where the propeller is seating. The propeller shaft
is supported by the stern tube bearing with seals to prevent sea water leakage to
the engine room.
3.2

Main Propulsion Plant Piping System


Main propulsion plant requires various piping system for operation. The piping
systems provides fuel oil, lubrication/cooling oil, cooling water, starting and control air,
etc.
Various equipments are also installed in the piping system such as pumps, tanks,
filters, valves, sensors etc. These equipments provide the proper amount of lube
oil/cooling water/fuel oil supply, correct pressure, temperature and flow direction to
the engine are maintained. They are arranged systematically in the engine room
according to their purpose and had provisions for easy facilitation of maintenance
procedures.
See Fig. 3.2-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System

3.2.1 Lubrication Oil Piping System


Main purpose is to provide lubrication to reduce friction and resistance to sliding
parts, provides cooling and prevention of corrosion to various moving parts of the
diesel engine such as bearings, piston rings etc. Various lubrication piping systems
is also connected, such as cylinder oil and piston cooling which has different function
during operating condition. Hydraulic oil system is also provided for the operation of
main engine exhaust valves and others.
3.2.2 Central Cooling Fresh Water Piping System
Main purpose is to provide cooling water to the cylinder liner, cylinder head, exhaust
valve, etc., during running operation of the diesel engine. It also allows warming
procedure of the engine while on idling condition and provides heating to fresh water
generator. In addition, the system also provides cooling water to L.O. Cooler and
other heat exchangers.
3.2.3 Fuel Oil Piping System
Provides fuel oil to the engine during running condition and facilitate warming
condition of fuel oil at required temperature during idling condition. The fuel oil is
circulated in the system to maintain the required temperature and to be readily
available at all times.
3.2.4 Starting Air and Control Air Piping System
The system provides compressed air for starting of the engine and for
instrumentation purposes of various controls.

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

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3.2.5 Central Cooling Sea Water Piping System


The system provides cooling sea water to various coolers/condensers in the engine
room. Sea water is taken directly from the sea, passes through the
coolers/condenser and discharged overboard. Sea water is the primary cooling
medium of the engine room machineries. In this system, the sea water is mainly
supplied to Central Cooling Fresh Water Cooler.
3.2.6 Steam Service Piping System
Steam being generated by Exhaust Gas Economizer or Boiler is supplied to various
heaters and other equipments for heating and maintenance purposes. There are two
ways that steam is being generated onboard; by means of exhaust gas economizer
or the auxiliary boiler. Exhaust gas economizer produces required steam while the
main engine is in navigational operation and auxiliary boiler is normally used during
maneuvering or in port condition.
3.3

Plant Condition
Plant condition differs according to the ship operational requirements and it is also
corresponds to the ship situation and/or location. Plant condition commonly classified
as:

3.3.1 Navigational Condition (At Sea)


When the ship is navigating at sea, the main engine is in full operational condition
and all main equipments are in full running condition. Intensive monitoring of various
parameters is required.
See Fig. 3.3.1-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System (Navigational
Condition)
3.3.2 Maneuvering Condition (Entering and Leaving Port)
The ship is in maneuvering operation for entering or leaving Port, channels etc. Main
propulsion plant is use for maneuvering and speed varies from stop to full power as
required. Reversing of propeller rotation is available and most of the machinery is in
stand-by condition.
See Fig. 3.3.2-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System (Entering and
Leaving Port Condition)
3.3.3 In-Port Condition (Idling Condition)
Main propulsion plant is not in used and keeps in warm condition. Minimum
machineries are in running condition. Electrical generating equipment is maintained
to supply power to various machineries as required.
See Fig. 3.3.3-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System (In Port
Condition)

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

Notes:
1. This piping system was based on the
actual Very Large Container Vessels
piping arrangement owned by NYK Line
(NYK Terra, NYK Themis, & NYK
Theseus).
2. Piping colors denotes the kind of fluid
flowing in the system, e.g. blue (Fresh
Water), red (F.O./D.O.), yellow (L.O.),
green (S.W.),etc.
3. Arrows denotes the fluid flow direction in
the system.
4. The arrangement of equipment as
indicated by symbols follows the
manufacturer finished plan and use for
instructional purposes only. It was
simplified
to
facilitate
easy
understanding of the users.
5. Some instruments / equipments symbols
as per actual plan were omitted. Please
refer to actual piping diagrams onboard
for a complete piping system.

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Fig. 3.2-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System

M.D.O. SERV.
TANK

EXH. GAS
ECONOMIZER

L.S.H.F.O.
SERV. TANK

F.W. EXPANSION
TANK

TO G/E F.O.
LINE

F.O. RETURN
PIPE

BOILER F.O.
SETT TANK

H.F.O. SERV.
TANK

F.O. SUPPLY
PUMP

3-WAY CHANGEOVER VALVE

HIGH SEA
CHEST

F.O. CIRC.
PUMP

BLR. F.O.
HEATER

M.E. F.O.
HEATER
BOILER
F.O. PUMP

6K-STEAM

CENTRAL F.W.
COOLER

6K-STEAM

HIGH SUCTION
STRAINER

VISCORATOR
HOMOGENIZER

FWG EJECTOR
PUMP

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

AUX.
BOILER

CYL.OIL
MEAS.
TANK

F.W.
GENERATOR

TO AUX.
COOL.
LINE

M/E HYDRAULIC
OIL SYSTEM

F
M/E STARTING
AIR SYSTEM

6K-STEAM

J.C.F.W.
HEATE
R

T/C

STEAM
RETURN/DRAIN
FROM 6K
STEAM LINE

M.C. SEA WATER


PUMP

CENTRAL COOL.
F.W. PUMP

FROM AUX.
COOL. LINE

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

J.C.F.W. PUMP

M.G.P.S.

DEARATOR

M/E T/C L.O.


COOLER

MAIN L.O.
COOLER

AIR
CLR

(M/E)
HYUNDAI
B&W

DUMP COND/
DRAIN COOLER

FERROUS ION

PISTON COOL. L.O. INLET

11K98ME-C

BACKWASH
FILTER

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

F
LOW SUCTION
STRAINER

MAIN L.O. PUMP

FEED
FILTER
TANK

M/E T/C L.O.


TANK

L.O. SUMP
TANK

LOW SEA
CHEST

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

Notes:
1. Lines description:
Solid line means active pipings
Dotted line means in-active
2. Arrows denotes flow direction.
3. Piping condition indicated in the
diagram is based in Navigational
Condition of the ship. Condition
may vary based on ship to ship
basis.

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

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No:0

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Fig. 3.3.1-1Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System


(Navigational Condition)

M.D.O. SERV.
TANK

EXH. GAS
ECONOMIZER

L.S.H.F.O.
SERV. TANK

F.W. EXPANSION
TANK

TO G/E F.O.
LINE

F.O. RETURN
PIPE

BOILER F.O.
SETT TANK

H.F.O. SERV.
TANK

F.O. SUPPLY
PUMP

3-WAY CHANGEOVER VALVE

HIGH SEA
CHEST

F.O. CIRC.
PUMP

BLR. F.O.
HEATER

M.E. F.O.
HEATER
BOILER
F.O. PUMP

6K-STEAM

CENTRAL F.W.
COOLER

6K-STEAM

HIGH SUCTION
STRAINER

VISCORATOR
HOMOGENIZER

FWG EJECTOR
PUMP

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

AUX.
BOILER

CYL.OIL
MEAS.
TANK

F.W.
GENERATOR

TO AUX.
COOL.
LINE

M/E HYDRAULIC
OIL SYSTEM

F
BOILER
CIRC.PUMP

M/E STARTING
AIR SYSTEM

6K-STEAM

J.C.F.W.
HEATE
R

T/C

STEAM
RETURN/DRAIN
FROM 6K
STEAM LINE

M.C. SEA WATER


PUMP

CENTRAL COOL.
F.W. PUMP

FROM AUX.
COOL. LINE

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

J.C.F.W. PUMP

M.G.P.S.

DEARATOR

M/E T/C L.O.


COOLER

MAIN L.O.
COOLER

AIR
CLR

F
F
FERROUS ION

(M/E)
HYUNDAI
B&W

DUMP COND/
DRAIN COOLER

11K98ME-C

T/C L.O. PUMP

FEED
FILTER
TANK

M/E T/C L.O.


TANK
FEED WATER PUMP

BACKWASH
FILTER

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

F
LOW SUCTION
STRAINER

MAIN L.O. PUMP

L.O. SUMP
TANK

LOW SEA
CHEST

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

Notes:
1. Lines description:
Solid line means active pipings.
Dotted line means in-active.
2. Arrows denotes flow direction.
3. Piping condition indicated in the
diagram is based on
Entering/Leaving Port Condition of
the ship. Condition may vary based
on ship to ship basis.

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

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Fig. 3.3.2-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System


(Entering/Leaving Port Condition)

M.D.O. SERV.
TANK

EXH. GAS
ECONOMIZER

L.S.H.F.O.
SERV. TANK

F.W. EXPANSION
TANK

TO G/E F.O.
LINE

F.O. RETURN
PIPE

BOILER F.O.
SETT TANK

H.F.O. SERV.
TANK

F.O. SUPPLY
PUMP

3-WAY CHANGEOVER VALVE

HIGH SEA
CHEST

F.O. CIRC.
PUMP

BLR. F.O.
HEATER

M.E. F.O.
HEATER
BOILER
F.O. PUMP

6K-STEAM

CENTRAL F.W.
COOLER

6K-STEAM

HIGH SUCTION
STRAINER

VISCORATOR
HOMOGENIZER

FWG EJECTOR
PUMP

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

AUX.
BOILER

CYL.OIL
MEAS.
TANK

F.W.
GENERATOR

TO AUX.
COOL.
LINE

M/E HYDRAULIC
OIL SYSTEM

F
BOILER CIRC.
PUMP

M/E STARTING
AIR SYSTEM

6K-STEAM

J.C.F.W.
HEATER

T/C

STEAM
RETURN/DRAIN
FROM 6K
STEAM LINE

M.C. SEA WATER


PUMP

CENTRAL COOL.
F.W. PUMP

FROM AUX.
COOL. LINE

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

J.C.F.W. PUMP

M.G.P.S.

DEARATOR

M/E T/C L.O.


COOLER

MAIN L.O.
COOLER

AIR
CLR

F
F
FERROUS ION

(M/E)
HYUNDAI
B&W

DUMP COND/
DRAIN COOLER

PISTON COOL. L.O. INLET

11K98ME-C

T/C L.O. PUMP

FEED
FILTER
TANK

M/E T/C L.O.


TANK
FEED WATER. PUMP

BACKWASH
FILTER

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

F
LOW SUCTION
STRAINER

MAIN L.O. PUMP

L.O. SUMP
TANK

LOW SEA
CHEST

Original Date:
01 Mar. 2008
Revision Date:

Chapter 3 Engine Room Plant


(Motor Ship)

Notes:
1. Lines description:
Solid line means active pipings.
Dotted line means in-active.
2. Arrows denotes flow direction.
3. Piping condition indicated in the
diagram is based in In Port Condition
of the ship. Condition may vary
based on ship to ship basis.

Version
No.1

Page:

Revision
No:0

7 of 7

Fig. 3.3.3-1 Simplified Main Propulsion Plant Piping System


(In Port Condition)

M.D.O. SERV.
TANK

EXH. GAS
ECONOMIZER

L.S.H.F.O.
SERV. TANK

F.W. EXPANSION
TANK

TO G/E F.O.
LINE

F.O. RETURN
PIPE

BOILER F.O.
SETT TANK

H.F.O. SERV.
TANK

F.O. SUPPLY
PUMP

3-WAY CHANGEOVER VALVE

HIGH SEA
CHEST

F.O. CIRC.
PUMP

BLR. F.O.
HEATER

M.E. F.O.
HEATER
BOILER
F.O. PUMP

6K-STEAM

CENTRAL F.W.
COOLER

6K-STEAM

HIGH SUCTION
STRAINER

VISCORATOR
HOMOGENIZER

FWG EJECTOR
PUMP

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

AUX.
BOILER

CYL.OIL
MEAS.
TANK

F.W.
GENERATOR

TO AUX.
COOL.
LINE

M/E HYDRAULIC
OIL SYSTEM

F
BOILER CIRC.
PUMP

M/E STARTING
AIR SYSTEM

6K-STEAM

J.C.F.W.
HEATER

T/C

STEAM
RETURN/DRAIN
FROM 6K
STEAM LINE

M.C. SEA WATER


PUMP

CENTRAL COOL.
F.W. PUMP

FROM AUX.
COOL. LINE

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

J.C.F.W. PUMP

M.G.P.S.

DEARATOR

M/E T/C L.O.


COOLER

MAIN L.O.
COOLER

AIR
CLR

F
F
FERROUS ION

(M/E)
HYUNDAI
B&W

DUMP COND/
DRAIN COOLER

PISTON COOL. L.O. INLET

11K98ME-C

T/C L.O. PUMP

FEED
FILTER
TANK

M/E T/C L.O.


TANK
FEED WATER PUMP

BACKWASH
FILTER

3-WAY TEMP.
CTRL VALVE

F
LOW SUCTION
STRAINER

MAIN L.O. PUMP

L.O. SUMP
TANK

LOW SEA
CHEST