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OptiX RTN 900 Radio Transmission System

V100

TP-Assist User Guide


Issue

01

Date

2014-03-15

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute a warranty of any kind, express or implied.

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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About This Document

About This Document


Product Version
The following table lists the product versions that are related to this document.
Product

Product Version

OptiX RTN 900

V100

Intended Audience
This document describes the TP-Assist solution used by OptiX RTN 900 and operation
guidelines on the core functions of the solution.
This document is intended for:
l

Installation and commissioning engineers

Data configuration engineers

System maintenance engineers

Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Symbol

Description
Indicates an imminently hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury.

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About This Document

Symbol

Description
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in
equipment damage, data loss, performance
deterioration, or unanticipated results.
NOTICE is used to address practices not
related to personal injury.
Calls attention to important information, best
practices and tips.
NOTE is used to address information not
related to personal injury, equipment damage,
and environment deterioration.

GUI Conventions
The GUI conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Convention

Description

Boldface

Buttons, menus, parameters, tabs, window, and dialog titles


are in boldface. For example, click OK.

>

Multi-level menus are in boldface and separated by the ">"


signs. For example, choose File > Create > Folder.

Change History
Changes between document issues are cumulative. The latest document issue contains all the
changes made in earlier issues.

Updates in Issue 01 (2014-03-15) Based on Product Version V100


This document is the first issue for the V100 product version.

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Contents

Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................ii
1 TP-Assist Solution.........................................................................................................................1
1.1 Background.....................................................................................................................................................................2
1.2 TP-Assist O&M System and Functions..........................................................................................................................3

2 TP-Assist Operation Guidelines................................................................................................7


2.1 Searching for Service Paths Based on VLANs..............................................................................................................8
2.2 Searching for Service Paths Based on MAC Addresses.................................................................................................9
2.3 Monitoring Ethernet Service Performance and Traffic Volume Based on Service Paths............................................10
2.4 Performing Intelligent Service Fault Diagnosis for Ethernet Services.........................................................................12
2.5 Performing E-LAN Service Loopback Detection.........................................................................................................14

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1 TP-Assist Solution

TP-Assist Solution

About This Chapter


Transport packet assist (TP-Assist) allows a packet network to be efficiently planned, quickly
deployed, and easily maintained like an SDH network.
1.1 Background
With the explosive growth of data traffic, services carried on MANs and mobile bearer networks
have changed from traditional voice services to data services (mainly, video, Internet, and VoIP
services). MANs and mobile bearer networks, themselves, have also evolved from mainly SDH
networks to mainly packet networks. However, compared with SDH technologies, packet
transport technologies have many disadvantages in performance monitoring and fault diagnosis,
bringing huge O&M challenges to packet networks (especially large-scaled packet networks).
1.2 TP-Assist O&M System and Functions
In compliance with the network-centered, service-centered, and intelligent packet network O&M
trend, Huawei promotes a brand new O&M system based on the TP-Assist solution. The O&M
system covers the entire O&M process from network planning to fault diagnosis.

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1.1 Background
With the explosive growth of data traffic, services carried on MANs and mobile bearer networks
have changed from traditional voice services to data services (mainly, video, Internet, and VoIP
services). MANs and mobile bearer networks, themselves, have also evolved from mainly SDH
networks to mainly packet networks. However, compared with SDH technologies, packet
transport technologies have many disadvantages in performance monitoring and fault diagnosis,
bringing huge O&M challenges to packet networks (especially large-scaled packet networks).
The O&M challenges include:
l

How to quickly plan and deploy large-scale packet services


Packet services are much more complex than SDH services. Especially, packet networks
have various networking modes, with each using different transport technologies and
different packet forwarding modes. This requires that O&M personnel be highly skilled
and exercise caution during configuration. In addition, it is more complex to verify packet
services than to verify SDH services, which makes it more difficult to deploy and
commission packet services.

How to monitor packet service performance


Unlike SDH services wherein containers at each level have dedicated overhead bytes for
performance monitoring, packet services have no corresponding overheads. How to
implement delicacy monitoring over each service and each service level is a huge challenge.

How to quickly locate a fault


Packet networks and services on the packet networks are more complex than SDH networks
and services on the SDH networks. In addition, fault isolation performance on packet
networks is poorer than on SDH networks. For example, once a broadcast storm occurs on
a packet network, the entire broadcast domain will be affected. Therefore, O&M personnel
must be capable of quickly locating and rectify the fault.

To handle these difficulties and challenges, the packet network O&M measures must evolve in
a network-centered, service-centered, and intelligent manner.
Table 1-1 Packet network O&M trend
O&M Trend

Main Requirements

Network-centered

Conduct service configuration, monitoring,


and fault diagnosis at the network level,
instead of on a per-NE basis.

Service-centered

Quickly deploy and commission services.


Clearly display service paths and views.
Conduct monitoring by service, allowing the
impacts that each feature has on services to
be displayed in a real-time manner.

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O&M Trend

Main Requirements

Intelligent

Implement intelligent fault diagnosis.


Decrease manual intervention and improves
O&M automation.
Allow batch operations based on services or
templates.

1.2 TP-Assist O&M System and Functions


In compliance with the network-centered, service-centered, and intelligent packet network O&M
trend, Huawei promotes a brand new O&M system based on the TP-Assist solution. The O&M
system covers the entire O&M process from network planning to fault diagnosis.
Figure 1-1 TP-Assist O&M system
TP-Assist O&M system

Network planning
Professional
planning service
and planning
tools

Service
configuration

Service
commissioning

Routing
maintenance

Fault diagnosis

E2E service
deployment

One-click
service
connectivity test

Performance
monitoring and
measurement

Intelligent fault
diagnosis

One-click
service
performance
test

Visualized O&M

Responding to
IP ping packets

Automatic alarm
deployment with
service
deployment

Service loop
detection

Tool-free
automatic test

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Table 1-2 Functions of the TP-Assist O&M system


Function

Description

License
Control

Purpose

Professional planning service and


planning tools

Experienced planning expert teams


provide professional planning
service.

Improves
planning
efficiency.

Planning tool UniSTAR Designer,


embedded with the common
network HLD/LLD design
templates and device/board/
interface capacity parameter
templates, is used. This tool is
applicable to various network
planning scenarios including new
network construction, network
expansion, network migration, and
service adjustment.
End-to-end service deployment

Deploys Native Ethernet (E-Line


and E-LAN) services and hybrid
services in an end-to-end manner.

Improves
planning
accuracy.

None

Quick service
configuration
Improves
configuration
accuracy.

Deploys CES and ATM/IMA


services in an end-to-end manner.
Deploys PW-carried E-Line, ELAN, and hybrid services in an endto-end manner.
Deploys services across microwave
and optical fibers in an end-to-end
manner.
Deploys ERPS rings in an end-toend manner.
Automatic deployment of alarm
management with service
deployment

Deploying ETH-OAM or MPLS-TP


OAM when deploying Ethernet
services and MPLS tunnels in an
end-to-end manner.

None

Avoids extra
OAM
deployment
operations.
Allows the NE
to automatically
report alarms
when a service
fault occurs.

One-click service connectivity test

Supports one-click service


connectivity test for Ethernet
services and MPLS tunnels that are
deployed in an end-to-end manner.

None

Quick
commissioning

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Function

Description

License
Control

One-click service performance test

Supports one-click packet loss,


delay, and delay jitter tests for
Ethernet services and MPLS tunnels
that are deployed in an end-to-end
manner.

None

Automatic tests with no need for any


instrument

Simulating the Smartbits function,


supports delay, throughput, shortterm packet loss ratio, and long-term
packet loss ratio tests for VLANbased E-Line services.

None

Performance
monitoring and
measurement

The PMS embedded in the U2000


supports unified monitoring and
measurement of any measurement
object and performance indicator in
the network.

None

Network-level
performance
monitoring and
measurement
system

It supports 24-hour service status


pre-warning and monitoring, and
provides equipment performance
threshold-crossing alarms and
network performance thresholdcrossing alarms.

Visualized
O&M

360-degree
traffic statistics
and monitoring
based on service
paths

Allows all-service-layer (port,


MPLS tunnel, PW, and VLAN)
traffic statistics and monitoring in a
service view.

Queries and
display of
service paths
based on
VLANs

For E-Line services, allows users to


find the service working path and
protection path views based
VLANs.

Queries and
display of
service paths
based on MAC
addresses

For E-LAN services, allows users to


find the actual MAC address
forwarding path views based on
MAC addresses.

Yes

Display of L2
protocol status
information
based on service
paths

Illustrates the running status of the


spanning tree protocol and ERPS
protocol of each NE in the service
view.

None

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Yes

Purpose

Optimized
monitoring
points, rich
service
monitoring
methods
Visualized
monitoring;
network-level
and servicecentered
monitoring

Supports QoS packet loss detection.


Yes

Service
visualization

For E-LAN services, allows users to


find the VLAN domain views based
on VLANs.

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Function

Description

License
Control

Purpose

Intelligent fault diagnosis

Performs automatic fault diagnosis


for Ethernet services by layer
(service/PW/tunnel/port) and by
level (connectivity/performance/
configuration).

Yes

Intelligent fault
diagnosis
Cross-product
fault diagnosis

Quickly outputs fault diagnosis


reports on a one-click operation
GUI.
IP ping

Responds to IP ping packets sent


from client equipment and then
quickly narrows down the fault
location to the client equipment or
the transport network.

None

Support near-end or far-end IP ping


responding.
Support near-end or far-end IP ping
responding.
Supports initiating an IP ping test to
the near-end or far-end.
Network-level E-LAN service loop
detection

Quickly detects an E-LAN loop (if


any) in the service view.

Yes

Automatically shuts down a looped


service.
Displays the loopback path.

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2 TP-Assist Operation Guidelines

TP-Assist Operation Guidelines

About This Chapter


This topic provides the operation guidelines on each license-controlled function of the TP-Assist
O&M system. For the operation guidelines on functions not controlled by licenses, see the
Commissioning Guide and Configuration Guide.
2.1 Searching for Service Paths Based on VLANs
For E-Line services, this operation can display the transmission path of the VLAN service flow
on one access port. For E-LAN services, this operation can display the broadcast domain to
which the VLAN belongs.
2.2 Searching for Service Paths Based on MAC Addresses
For E-LAN services, this operation allows the information of a MAC address learned by each
NE on a service path to be displayed, illustrating the entire service path through which packets
with the MAC address being the source address travel.
2.3 Monitoring Ethernet Service Performance and Traffic Volume Based on Service Paths
This section describes how to monitor Ethernet service performance based on service paths.
2.4 Performing Intelligent Service Fault Diagnosis for Ethernet Services
This section describes how to intelligently diagnose faults of Ethernet services based on service
paths.
2.5 Performing E-LAN Service Loopback Detection
This section checks whether a loopback occurs on Ethernet services based on service paths.
Users can quickly rectify a data storm on a loop after finding out the loopback point.

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2.1 Searching for Service Paths Based on VLANs


For E-Line services, this operation can display the transmission path of the VLAN service flow
on one access port. For E-LAN services, this operation can display the broadcast domain to
which the VLAN belongs.

Prerequisites
You must be an NM user with NE administrator authority or higher.
End-to-end Ethernet services have been deployed.

Procedure
Step 1 Optional: Search for an E-Line service path.

Step 2 Optional: Search for an E-LAN service path.

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----End

2.2 Searching for Service Paths Based on MAC Addresses


For E-LAN services, this operation allows the information of a MAC address learned by each
NE on a service path to be displayed, illustrating the entire service path through which packets
with the MAC address being the source address travel.

Prerequisites
You must be an NM user with NE administrator authority or higher.
End-to-end Ethernet services have been deployed.

Procedure
Step 1 Search for an E-LAN service path.

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Step 2 Query the Learning of MAC Addresses.

----End

2.3 Monitoring Ethernet Service Performance and Traffic


Volume Based on Service Paths
This section describes how to monitor Ethernet service performance based on service paths.

Prerequisites
You must be an NM user with NE administrator authority or higher.
End-to-end Ethernet services have been created and the related fibers/cables have been created.
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Procedure
Step 1 Search for service paths.

Step 2 Query the real-time and historical performance data of each measured object on each service
path.
The following figure shows how to query the real-time performance data of priority queues on
a port. Querying the real-time and historical performance data of other measured objects is
similar.

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----End

2.4 Performing Intelligent Service Fault Diagnosis for


Ethernet Services
This section describes how to intelligently diagnose faults of Ethernet services based on service
paths.

Prerequisites
You must be an NM user with NE administrator authority or higher.
End-to-end Ethernet services have been deployed.

Procedure
Step 1 Search for services.

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Step 2 Select a service to be diagnosed by specifying a service port.

Step 3 Diagnose the service and display the result.

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----End

2.5 Performing E-LAN Service Loopback Detection


This section checks whether a loopback occurs on Ethernet services based on service paths.
Users can quickly rectify a data storm on a loop after finding out the loopback point.

Prerequisites
You must be an NM user with NE administrator authority or higher.
End-to-end Ethernet services have been created and the related fibers/cables have been created.

Procedure
Step 1 Search for an E-LAN service path.

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Step 2 Perform E-LAN service loopback detection.

NOTE

If a service is looped back,

can be seen from the icons .

----End

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