re

© All Rights Reserved

3 views

re

© All Rights Reserved

- Numerical Methods
- BCS-012 (Basic Mathematics)
- A First Course in Linear Algebra - Mohammed Kaabar
- Automatic Control Systems_B. C. Kuo and F. Golnaraghi
- Analysis of Fangchinoline
- Maths 1 (XII)
- Linear Algebra Topics
- fx-991EX_Quick_Reference_Guide.pdf
- Elementary Linear Algebra
- tut01(1)
- Comprehensive Exam Math P1
- solution5[1]
- linear lec6
- WYK Scilab Talk
- 2.2 Inverse of a Matrix Corrected
- bai2
- MathReview_2
- Assignment(Ch Matrices)
- Assignment 4 Group2 Team(13)
- Irreguler Column

You are on page 1of 6

name:

Mid term exam 1 (Notes, books, and calculators are not authorized)

Show all your work in the blank space you are given on the exam sheet. Always justify your

answer. Answers with no justification will not be graded.

Question 1: Find a parametric representation of the line in R4 that passes through P =

(1, 2, 3, 4) and is orthogonal to the hyperplane x1 2x2 + 3x3 4x4 = 5.

A normal vector to the hyperplane x1 2x2 + 3x3 4x4 = 5 is u := (1, 2, 3, 4). The line in

question is the collection of points X = (x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ) so that X P is parallel to u. This means

that there is a real number t so that

X P = tu = (t, 2t, 3t, 4t).

The parametric representation of the line is

x1 = 1 + t,

x2 = 2 2t,

x3 = 3 + 3t,

x4 = 4 4t.

It is a known property of the cross product that the following vector w := u v is orthogonal to u

and v. By definition

2 2 3 1 1 3

)

(1)

,

,

w = (

3 1 1 3 2 2

= (4, 8, 4).

By normalizing w we obtain the desired vector:

w

1

= (4, 8, 4).

kwk

96

(2)

Question 3: Find an equation of the hyperplane in R4 that passes through P = (0, 1, 2, 3) and

is normal to u = (1, 1, 1, 1).

By definition H is the collection of points X = (x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 ) so that (X P )u. This means

0 =(X P )(1, 1, 1, 1) = (x1 , x2 1, x3 2, x4 3)(1, 1, 1, 1)

= x1 (x2 1) + (x3 2) + (x4 3) = x1 x2 + x3 + x4 4.

The equation of the hyperplane in question

0 = x1 x2 + x3 + x4 4.

Question 4: Prove the triangle inequality: ku + vk kuk + kvk for all u, v Rn .

By definition of the dot product, we have the following equality:

ku + vk2 := (u + v)2 = (u + v)(u + v) = uu + uv + vu + vu.

Using the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality, we obtain

ku + vk2 kuk2 + kukkvk + kvkkuk + kvk2 = (kuk + kvk)2 .

Taking the square root gives the triangle inequality:

ku + vk kuk + kvk.

Last name:

name:

1

3

2

4

from class to compute the inverse:

1

4 2

1

A =

2 3 1

1 1 1

1 2 3

B=

. Find (a) 3A 4B (b) AT (c) AT B.

1 1 1

3 2 1

3 3 3

4 8 12

1 11 9

3A 4B =

+

=

3 3 3

12 8 4

15 5 7

1 1

T

1

1

A =

1 1

2 0 2

AT B = 2 0 2

2 0 2

Question 6: Let A =

Question 7: Let A be a square matrix. Assume that A has the following property: X T AX

2kXk2 for all column vector X. Prove that A is invertible.

Consider X so that AX = 0. Then 0 = X T AX 2kXk2 . This proves that kXk = 0, which in

turn proves that X = 0. As a result the solution set of AX = 0 is {0}. This proves that A is

invertible since A is square.

Question 8: Find 2 2 nonzero matrices A and B such that AB = 0.

Consider the following matrix:

A=

0

0

1

,

0

Then

AB = 0

B=A

Last name:

name:

3

13 . Find the LU factorization of A.

5

1

Question 9: Let A = 3

2

2

4

1

1

A 3

2

of A to get U and L

2 3

1 2

4 13 0 2

1 5

0 3

1

l1 = 3 ,

2

3

1

4 0

1

0

0

l2 = 1 ,

23

2

2

0

0

l3 = 0

1

Finally we have

1

L = 3

2

0

1

32

0

0 ,

1

1

U = 0

0

2

2

0

3

4

7

3

4

7

Question 10: Let u1 = (1, 2, 4), u2 = (2, 3, 1), u3 = (2, 1, 1) in R3 . (a) Show that u1 , u2 ,

u3 are orthogonal.

We compute ui uj for i 6= j, i, j {1, 2, 3}.

u1 u2 = 2 6 + 4 = 0,

u1 u3 = 2 + 2 4 = 0,

u2 u3 = 4 3 1 = 0.

(b) consider the 3 3 matrix U = [u1 u2 u3 ] where uj , j {1, 2, 3} are considered as column

vectors. Show that U is invertible.

x1

Consider X = x2 so that U X = 0. Then

x3

x1 u1 + x2 u2 + x3 u3 = 0.

Taking the dot product with u1 gives

0 = x1 u1 u1 + x2 u2 u1 + x3 u3 u1 = x1 ku1 k2 = 21x1 .

This proves that x1 = 0. By repeating this process with u2 and u3 we obtain that x2 = 0 and

x3 = 0. As a result the solution set of U X = 0 is {0}. This means that U is invertible.

(c) Let v = (3, 5, 2). Solve U X = v, where v is considered as column vector. (Do not compute

the reduced echelon form of the system.)

By definition

x1 u1 + x2 u2 + x3 u3 = v

Taking the dot product with u1 and using the orthogonality of u1 , u2 , u3 gives

vu1 = 21 = x1 u1 u1 + x2 u2 u1 + x3 u3 u1 = x1 ku1 k2 = 21x1 ,

i.e., x1 = 1. Similarly

vu2 = 7 = x1 u1 u2 + x2 u2 u2 + x3 u3 u2 = x2 ku2 k2 = 14x2 ,

i.e., x1 = 21 .

1

X = 12 .

3

2

- Numerical MethodsUploaded bytikdrian
- BCS-012 (Basic Mathematics)Uploaded byBca Ignou
- A First Course in Linear Algebra - Mohammed KaabarUploaded bycantor2000
- Automatic Control Systems_B. C. Kuo and F. GolnaraghiUploaded byJavier Caltzontzi Hernandez
- Analysis of FangchinolineUploaded byNofrianto
- Maths 1 (XII)Uploaded byRavi Chaurasia
- Linear Algebra TopicsUploaded bySC
- fx-991EX_Quick_Reference_Guide.pdfUploaded bySbl
- Elementary Linear AlgebraUploaded byjilbo604
- tut01(1)Uploaded byCindy Ding
- Comprehensive Exam Math P1Uploaded byjj012586
- solution5[1]Uploaded byHarjinder Pal Singh
- linear lec6Uploaded byapi-318836863
- WYK Scilab TalkUploaded bybnataraj
- 2.2 Inverse of a Matrix CorrectedUploaded byBosche Nero
- bai2Uploaded byBảo Châu
- MathReview_2Uploaded byresperado
- Assignment(Ch Matrices)Uploaded byAshok Pradhan
- Assignment 4 Group2 Team(13)Uploaded byDeepak Yadav
- Irreguler ColumnUploaded byahmedebnnader
- 07 Basic - Matrices and Arrays Cheat SheetUploaded bywerwerwer
- Math 307Uploaded byAishum1
- Algebra II Sneak PeekUploaded byelilolos
- sdarticle[1]Uploaded bycarrot123456
- 3 Matrix Till 2019Uploaded byMohit Gupta
- Exercise 1 2018Uploaded byTrungtin Bui Duc
- SahinUploaded byRakib Hasan
- Risk Double WellUploaded bycstaii
- 3.Lu DecompositionUploaded bySamuel Mawutor Gamor
- Lab ManualGotUploaded bysaniljayamohan

- msds asam asetat_2.pdfUploaded byYuliaAgustina
- NDNCUploaded bypogorelovsa
- Erin_Brockovich_worksheet.pdfUploaded byManuela Lino
- Dennis Resume 2018Uploaded byDennis Campbell Jr
- Wayne Crews - The Future Of Manufacturing And ScienceUploaded byClyde Wayne Crews Jr.
- #0068 BC CodeUploaded bymimimjauk
- DE08TISUploaded byVan Thao
- pda(1)Uploaded bydili4u
- Eno report on self-driving carsUploaded bychris1315
- MichegunsUploaded byLarry Paragas Dolor
- Swot Analysis (Table)Uploaded byAnne S. Yen
- SLANY ChapterNews Newsletter September 2000Uploaded bySLA-NY
- recurso.multaUploaded byDavid M Fernandes
- Smithco Product Brochure 2011Uploaded byCarlos Luis Esquerdo Marcano
- (Ashgate Studies in Architecture) Mathew Aitchison - The Architecture of Industry_ Changing Paradigms in Industrial Building and Planning-Ashgate Pub Co (2014).pdfUploaded byrajdsinngh
- Solucionario de ProblemarioUploaded byANDREW
- Paragraph WritingUploaded byKim Chi Vu
- TS-3GBTS-SW-0148-I22Uploaded byaal2_19
- Practical Electromagnetic ShieldingUploaded byPhạm Văn Tưởng
- Technovate Refrigeración y Aire AcondicionadoUploaded byjpg60
- Quality Meter of Electric Power Systems based on IEEE Standard 1459-2000Uploaded bybubulescu
- 8 Managing of Economics of ScaleUploaded byDwita Permatasari
- C Programming Language - GeeksforGeeksUploaded byWatan Sahu
- Aldwin Palisoc Resume2Uploaded byRenier Dela Rosa
- NCS Brochure FolderUploaded bysalmonsilalahi
- CameoUploaded bymickaelboddaert
- 48399_VPUploaded bysales_vpnutrition
- Crane Tata SteelUploaded bybabu mahesh
- Police Log December 29, 2015Uploaded byMansfieldMAPolice
- Sedicon Sluicers as Effective MethodUploaded byप्रवीण देशार