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Dash Diet Tips

Add a serving of vegetables at lunch


and at dinner.
Add a serving of fruit to your meals or
as a snack
Use only half your typical serving of
butter, margarine, or salad dressing, and use
low-fat or fat-free condiments.
Drink low-fat or skim dairy products
any time you would normally use full-fat or
cream.
Use whole grains rather than refined
Avoid Processed foods
Reference:
MEDICAL ADHERENCE FOR
HYPERTENSION

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/arti
cles/150109.php

Commonly Used Oral


Antihypertensive Medications

http://www.webmd.com/hypertensionhigh-blood-pressure/default.htm

Classification
Diuretics.
Beta adrenergic blockers.
Calcium channel blockers.
Angiotensin converting enzyme
inhibitors.
Angiotensin receptor blockers.

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/high
-bloodpressure/DS00100/DSECTION=sympto
ms
Everyday Health (2015). Hypertension.
Retrieved from
http://www.everydayhealth.com/hypert
ension/managing/stress-less.aspx
Leon, K. (2013). Chapter 8: AntiHypertensive Drugs. Retrieved from:
http://ehsegypt.net/pdf/antihyperten.pdf
Mayo Clinic (2015). DASH diet:
healthy eating to lower your blood
pressure. Retrieved from:
http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthylifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-

Live with a
Healthy
Heart

HYPERTENSION- is the term used to


describe high blood pressure. Blood
pressure is a measurement of the force
against the walls of your arteries as your
heart pumps blood through your body.

systolic pressure of 160 mm Hg or


higher or a diastolic pressure of 100 mm
Hg or higher.
SYMPTOMS:
Most people with high blood pressure have
no signs or symptoms, even if blood
pressure readings reach dangerously high
levels. Although a few people with earlystage high blood pressure may have dull
headaches, dizzy spells or a few more
nosebleeds than normal,

TYPES OF HYPERTENSION:
Normal blood pressure - blood pressure is
normal if it's below 120/80 mm Hg.
However, some doctors recommend 115/75
mm Hg as a better goal. Once blood
pressure rises above 115/75 mm Hg, the risk
of cardiovascular disease begins to increase.

Prehypertension - is a systolic
pressure ranging from 120 to 139 mm
Hg or a diastolic pressure ranging from
80 to 89 mm Hg.
Stage 1 hypertension - Stage 1
hypertension is a systolic pressure
ranging from 140 to 159 mm Hg or a
diastolic pressure ranging from 90 to 99
mm Hg.
Stage 2 hypertension - More severe
hypertension, stage 2 hypertension is a

MANAGEMENT/
TREATMENT/
PREVENTION OF HYPERTENSION:
You can do many things to help control
your blood pressure, including:

1. Manage stress
2. Limit Alcohol intake
3. Stop SMOKING
4. Exercise regularly
5. Balanced diet
6. Monitor Blood pressure
DIET FOR HYPERTENSION
DASH Diet (DIETARY APPROACHES TO STOP

RISK FACTORS:

Age.

Family history.

Being overweight or obese. Not


being physically active

Using tobacco.

Too much salt (sodium) in your


diet

HYPERTENSION)

1. Eat more fruits, vegetables, and low-fat


dairy foods
2. Cut back on foods that are high
in saturated fat, cholesterol, and Trans
fats
3. Eat more whole-grain foods, fish,
poultry, and nuts
4. Limit sodium, sweets, sugary drinks,
and red meats
5. Reducing Salt content- < 2,400 mg

of sodium per day

Too little potassium in your diet.

Drinking too much alcohol.

Certain chronic conditions.