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P.O. Box 19
Mae Sariang
Mae Hong Son Province
58110
Thailand
Tel : (66) 053-681-084
Fax : (66) 053-621-410
E-mail : kwocentral@gmail.com
: kwomagazine@gmail.com

P.O. Box 60
Mae Sot
Tak Province
63110
Thailand
Tel/Fax : (66) 055-563-797
Mobile Phone : 0852687542
E-mail : kwomaesot@gmail.com

www.karenwomen.org
1

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?= wus>*H>f(yus>*H>f) = 36

tJ;'H;x>.ftw>fuGJ;
?= tJ;'H;x>.ftw>fuwdR = 2
vD>fc>.fo;unDydmfrk.fu&>cd.ftw>fuwdR = 4

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vD>fySJRxD.f(65)0Dw0D12oDvgtDul;2015eH.f = 5

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w>fuGJ;xD&DRoe>.f
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?= t0JtJ.f,Rv>w>ftJ.feD>feD>f (rkmf}wDRzDvhvh.f) = 43
?= w>fvDRr>fb.f,RwrHRv>,q>xH.fb.fq.f wrh>fw>fv>,-u>;xH.f
b.f{g$ (Cd.feHRzd) = 46

xgoe>.f
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?= rRxl&Ryw>fe>fog (eDeDpJ = KTTC) = 7
?= CgreRw[h.ftC.f (cs>.fvHG>fxl.fueJrHRzd =Cd.fuh.f) = 7
?= wkRCDRu'D;rJmfxHvDR (xd.fuH.fzd = Cd.fuh.f) = 8
?= chcgol.fbD.fo;p>f ( od.f'lpDRypDRxH = ok;uh=5) = 8

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?= ye>f
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?= unDtJuvH;

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?= yySRuvkmftw>fy>>fq>(1949eH.f vg,ElRtg&H.f =31)oD
(unDydmfrk.fu&>) = 9
w>f y &>oe>.f
?= w>fy&>ql[H.f'JGrk.fzdw*Rt*D>f (eDrk.f) = 19
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= 20
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w>f*JRv>vGH>fvgtwD>fylR =22
?= unDydmfrk.fu&>tw>fvJRvDRw>fu&>u&dqluD>f&h.f'D;'Ju0DRylR =24

o;p>f o e>.f
?= emfeJv>,tJ.feR'D;td.fcd;eR (bS.fypDR) = 49
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?= wd&Sifwdk@tm;rmef (tmumarmifarmif) - 50
?= c&D;onf.t"dXmef (cdik pf aH &$jrif)h - 51
?= rm,mrdk; (cdik pf aH &$jrif)h - 51

w>fupD.foe>.f
?= unDydmfrk.fu&>0JR'>;ySRrRw>fzdo&.frk.fq>q>vJRxD.fw>frRvdzJ
qGH.f'>.fxHuD>f (Women, Peace and Security Training) = 26
?= Regional Feminist Leadership Institute on Peace and Security
= 27

owif ; aqmif ; yg;


?= oifhb0rSmbmta&;}uD;qkH;vJ (cdik pf aH &$jrif)h - 52
?= zG@J pnf;yHt
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?= aEGwpfn (+idr;f oGipf ;kd ) - 61

w>fwJoe>.f
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q>uwD>f (thx>.feJ;) = 33
?= rd>fw>ftJ.fv>qS>ur.fzd (tJ.fok=uyu) = 35
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S m wdik ;f &if;om;jynfe,fxJ
od@k Armjynfcs@J xiG rf &Edik af wmhyg? xd@k a=umifh
Armjynfe,f&Su
d &kd &dS r,f?
a'o}uD;udkzsufypf jynfe,fudk0g;pm;rJha0g

[m&jzpfonf? jynfe,fuyG u
f aJ &;ac:&Jo
h m;
eJ@ a'ouGyu
f aJ &;ac:&jcif;ta=umif;[m
a'ojynfe,furkd sKd ypfrnf? tvGeaf =umufp
&maumif;onhaf 0g[m&jzpfonf? wdik ;f ESifh
a'o}uD;udkzsufypf tpm;Armjynf
e,ftajccHOya'ay:xGe;f vm&rnf?
2?u&ifwpfusyfom;Armwpfusyfom;
tcGit
hf a&;wef;wlEqual Representative
'kwd,urBmppf+yD;wJhaemuf Adkvf
csKyfatmifqef;onf Armacgi;f aqmifwpfpk
xJomt*Fvefuo
kd mG ;I vGwv
f yfa&;awmif;
qdck yhJ gonf? t*Fvyd u
f rif;wd@k ArmjynfrmS
vlrsKd ;}u;D uESprf sKd ;bJ&w
dS ,f? u&ifArmt}u;D
qkH;ESpfrsdK;bJ&Sdw,f? rif;wdk@cspfcspfcifcifae
=u? tckrif;wd@k wpfrsKd ;bJvmw,f? u&ifr
yg&if rif;wd@k e@J pum;rajymEdik b
f ;l ? u&ifygrS
pum;ajymEdik rf nf[k t*Fvyd u
f ajymvGwf
vmonf?
AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;acgif;pum;
ajymv#if acgi;f wpfaxmifaxmifEiS hf ckawmh
olacgi;f raxmifEikd af wmhyg? oljrefrmjynfukd
jyefvm+yD; apmbOD;}uD;xHodk@oGm;awG@I
ajymonfrmS oli,fcsi;f rif;ryg&ifrjzpfb;l /
/rif;ygrjS zpfr,f? twlwo
l mG ;awmif;=uwm
aygah v? &v#if u&ifwpfusyo
f m;/ Armwpf
usyo
f m;ayg?h apmbOD;}uD;onf&;dk &k;d om;
om; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef;pum;udk,kHvdkuf
onf? rlt& t*Fvyd u
f vGwv
f yfa&;udak y;
vdu
k o
f nf?
Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;onf yifv+Hk rdK@
.tajccHOya'(Constitution)udk awmifwef;
a'oacgif;aqmif}uD;rsm;ESifhtwl pmcsKyf
csKyfqv
kd u
kd yf gonf?
53

u&if a wmif w ef ; a'orsm;jzpf


aom aumh a omif ; rS p IaomoD c d k t xd
awmifwef;a'o}u;D udrk zdwaf c:yg? ok@d aomf
apmbOD;}uD;u apmpdik ;f acudak pvGwv
f u
kd f
onf? apmpdki;f aconf yifvt
Hk pnf;ta0;
wufa&mufz@kd &m yifvt
kH eD;wpf0u
kd Yf um;
ysufojzifh apmzdk;&DtdrfrSmoGm;wJygonf?
apmpdik ;f acyifvt
kH pnf;ta0;cef;rod@k a&muf
aomtcg ol@twGuf(ukvm;xdkif)r&Sdyg?
Hk pnf;t
apmpdik ;f acjyefvm&onf? yifvt
a0;wGiu
f &ifu,
kd pf m;vS,w
f pfO;D wpfa,muf
r#ryg?
yifvkHpmcsKyfwGifrwufEkdifaom
apmbOD;}uD;u &efukef+rdK@wGif azaz:0g&D
v(11)&ufae@Y um;tpD;(70)ESihf &efuek f
+rKd @udk toHww
d v
f n
S yhf wfIqENjycJyh gonf? A
rmwpfusy/f u&ifwpfusy[
f al ompmom;udk
um;&Jeh aH b;rSmcsw
d q
f x
JG m;ygonf?
azaz:0g&v
D (12)&ufae@wiG f Adv
k f
csKyfatmifqef; yifvkHpmcsKyfudkcsKyfqdkcJh
onf? xd@k aemuf t*Fvefo@kd qif}uD;pD;I
vdu
k yf gomG ;onf? Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;rdom;
pkonf apmpHz;kd oifukd qif}u;D [kac:=uonf?
i,fEikd jf zpfonf? apmpHz;kd oifonf u&ifvl
rsKd ;jzpfonft
h wGuf +Adwo
d #b&k ifco
H nf u
&ifwpfOD;vdkufygvmonfhtwGufa=umifh
vGwv
f yfa&;udak y;vdu
k yf gonf?
t*Fvyd o
f nf Adv
k cf sKyfatmifqef;
qif}u;D pD;vmonfuakd wG@aomtcg apmpHz;kd
oif(qif}u;D ) vGwv
f yfa&;udak y;vdu
k o
f nf?
Armwpfpw
k nf;vGwv
f yfa&;udo
k mG ;awmif;
onft
h cgray;acs? u&ifygrS apmbOD;}u;D ESihf
apmpHz;kd oifygrS vGwv
f yfa&;&onf? ausmif;
olausmif;om;wdik ;f u&ifygrS vGwv
f yfa&;&
onfuo
kd ifay;&rnf? u&ifonf vGwv
f yf

unDymd rk.u&XrJ;upH

owif;aqmif;yg;

a&;&zd@k t"duvlrsK;d jzpfonf? u&ifuw


kd u
kd f
cdu
k jf cif;onf aus;Zl;&Siu
f ykd pfrmS ;&ma&muf
onf?
u&if u d k cG y f a 'gif ; AsL[mES i f h r
wdu
k &f ?cGyaf 'gi;f AsL[mqdo
k nfrmS [do
k mG ;
k f
ajymwpfrsKd ;/ 'DomG ;ajymwpfrsd K;/ uke;f wdu
jcif;/ a'gi;f om;ud[
k o
kd mG ;pm;ckid ;f vdu
k /f 'Dpm;
oGm;cdik ;f vdu
k /f u&iftcsi;f csi;f &efjzpf=u? 'D
cGyaf 'gi;f AsL[mudrk ok;H ygEiS ahf wmh? cd;k om;
ig;&mAsL[mudv
k nf;u&ifw@kd tay:udrk ok;H
oifyh g?u&ifvx
l t
k oufr&SiEf ikd af tmif &Gm
udrk ;D &d@_ jcif;/ uav;oli,frsm;udo
k wfjzwf
jcif;/ ay:wmzrf;jcif;/ u&ifvx
l t
k aetxdik f
ysujf ym;atmifrjyKvky&f ? u&ifonf jrefrm
jynfvw
G v
f yfa&;/aus;Zl;&Sizf cifjzpfonf? t
cGit
hf a&;wef;wlay;&rnf? ray;ygu Arm
Adv
k cf sKyf}uD;awGukd u|&J idk ;f vmcwf+yD; taemf
&xmrif;vdak ooGm;ygrnf? tcGit
hf a&;wef;
wlay;udak y;&rnf? ER-Equal Representative
ay;&rnf?
3?jrefrmuGef*&uf(Myanmar Congress)
jrefrmuGef*&ufonf t}uD;qkH;
tajccHOya'jzpfap/ tjcm;aomOya'rsm;
jzpfap jyKpka&;qG&J rnf? nDwu
l ,
kd pf m;vS,f
rsm;jzpf&rnf? jrefrmESpfa,muf/u&ifESpf
a,muf/ &Sr;f ESpaf ,muf/ 0ESpaf ,muf/vm;[l
ESpfa,muf b,favmufrsm;rsm; b,f
avmufenf;enf; nDwludk,pf m;vS,fjzpf&
rnf? ppfwyfv;Hk 0ryg? vlrsKd ;wpf&mok;H q,fh
ig;rsKd ;ud,
k pf m; ESpaf ,mufpjD zifh jrefrmjynfukd
tkyfpdk;&rnf? jrefrmuGef*&uf&Sdudk&dS&rnf?
tar&duefvjkd zpf&rnf?
4? EdkifiHa&;onfbmoma&;udkrpGufzuf
&? Separation of Church and State
Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifonf (1949ck
ESp/f ar+rdK@)u&ifu=kd unfv
h @kd r&wJAh v
kd cf sKyfjzpf
onf? OD;Ekonf apmbOD;}uD;ESihf +idr;f csr;f a&;
vkyo
f nft
h cg +ird ;f csr;f a&;twkomjzpfonf?
OD;Ekonf Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifukd ukvm;jynf
od@k c,
J rf;rD;ausmufomG ;0,fcikd ;f onf? av
,mOfysEH iS hf tjyefc&D;wGif rdwv
D m+rKd @wiG q
f if;
oufvmonf? ucsiw
f yf&if;rSL; aemfpikd ;f ESihf
u&ifwyf&if;rSL;apmrif;armif rdwv
D modr;f
ydu
k o
f nfukd Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifrod? Adv
k cf sKyf
armifarmiftm;(cv,fvm)abm*vdodk@
/ aumfao;'Jodk@/ yGmuanmuzrf;
csKyfxm;onf? Armppfwyfu uGefref'kdudk
vGwI
f Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmiftm;jyefu,fcikd ;f
onf? ppfyjJG zpfomG ;onf? Adv
k af rmifarmif
wpfae&mod@k a&mufomG ;onf?uGerf ef'kd wpf
jcm;ae&ma&mufomG ;onf? aumfao;'J&mG

ol&mG om;rsm; Adv


k cf sKyfujkd yefawG@I aumif;
k cf sKyf
rGepf mG xde;f odr;f =unf&h a_ oma=umifh Adv
armifarmifpw
d af jymif;oGm;onf? u&ifvrl sKd ;
udrk sm;pGmcspv
f monf? rsm;pGmpdwaf jymif;vJ
oGm;onf?
aemufrsm;r=umrSD Adv
k cf sKyfarmif
armifonf ArmAdv
k cf sKyfrsm;ESiv
hf ufwI
JG t
vkyv
f yk &f jyefonf? Adv
k cf sKyaf rmifarmifu u
&ifvrl sKd ;twGupf um;ajymonf? ArmAdv
k f
csKyfrsm;u ol@u&kd mxl;rSy,fI xif;ckwcf ikd ;f
onf? (opfxkwfvkyfa&;Xget}uD;tuJ)
Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifonf u&ifvrl sKd ;udo
k yd f
cspo
f nf? oltvGecf ifrifvaS om oli,fcsi;f
apmav;'gx(H Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmif t*Fvyd f
umem)od@k vmvnfonf? apmav;'g.ZeD;
aemf*sufpDudkawG@vdkufwmeJ@ 'DvdkE_wfcGef;
qufpum;ajymonf?
Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifutefwD x
rif;=urf;ESiu
hf efpeG ;f &Gupf m;csiw
f ,f?
aemf*supf u
D +yKH ;+yKH ;av;eJ@Adv
k cf sKyf}u;D q,f
zd@k wpfz@kd xm;&Jv
h m;?
Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifu q,fz@kd wpfz@kd rxm;
Edik b
f ;l ? ydu
k q
f o
H yd rf sm;vGe;f w,f?
'DvEl pS af ,mufpum;ajymwmwdw
k akd v;bJ?
'gayrJh odyft"dy`g,f&Sdw,f? AdkvfcsKyfarmif
armif}uD;u xrif;=urf;ESiu
hf efpeG ;f &Guw
f @kd p
&mawmif;pm;onf? usEyfk w
f @dk c&pf,mefusr;f
pmxJrmS jcaoFo
h nfvnf;EGm;uJo
h @kd jrufukd
pm;vdrfhrnf? -a,&Sm,tem*wdusrf; 11; 7Y az: jyxm;onf?
qdv
k o
kd nfrmS - Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmifonf t
vGe@f tvGepf w
d o
f abmESrd chf sjcif;&So
d nf? ol@
taygif;tazmfAdkvfcsKyfrsm; ol@udkxif;ckwf
cdik ;f aomfvnf; aysm&f i$ pf mG xif;ckwcf o
hJ nf?
aysm&f i$ af omtoufwmudk ydik q
f ikd af omol
jzpfonf?
AdkvfcsKyfarmifarmifonf tvGef
pdwEf rSd cfh saomoljzpfonf? tpu u&ifukd
=unfv
h @kd r&aomfjim;vnf; aemufrmS u&if
vlrsdK;udktvGefcspf.? EdkifiHa&;onfvnf;
bmoma&;ESifhrpGufzuf&? Separation of
Church and State udv
k nf;aumif;aumif;od&dS
onf? Separation of Church and State udk
jrefrmjynftajccHOya' wdik ;f &if;om;tm;
vH;k vufc&H rnfjzpfygonf?
4? Operation Aung San apma*smfeDxl;
aumfo;l avAdv
k rf LS ;}uD; Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmif
ESichf ifrif&if;ES;D onf? wpfae@usawmh apm
a*smef x
D ;l onf Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmiftcef;xJ
od@k 0ifIpum;ajym&onf? apma*smef x
D ;l udk
awG@awG@csi;f pm;yGaJ y:&Spd m&Gupf mwrf;rsm;udk
odrf;qnf;IzGJ@xm;vdkufonf? apma*smfeD
xl;pdwfxJrSm rouFmpdwfay:aygufvm
onf?
54

ar+rdK@uu
kd &iford ;f odr;f csi;f apm
a*smef x
D ;l onf Adv
k cf sKyfarmifarmiftcef;xJ
kd o
f nf? atmif
ok@d 0ifI &SmazGarGaESmufvu
qef;atmfya&;&Si;f udak wG@omG ;onf? wdik ;f
&if;om;rsm;udkzsufqD;ypf&ef plane ajrmuf
rsm;pGmyg&o
dS nf? atmifqef;atmfya&;&Si;f
AS onftcsu}f uD;ESpc
f suyf g&o
dS nf?
1? ArmvlrsKd ;wpfrsd K;om&S&d rnf? tjcm;vl
rsKd ;rsm;onf ysLacwfw;kH ovdw
k ;kH oGm;&rnf?
2? Ak'b
< momonf Edik if aH wmfbmomjzpf&
rnf?
3? jrefrmEdik if t
H vHawmfwiG f =u,fwpfv;kH
om&S&d rnf?
t"d y ` g ,f r S m -atmif q ef ; atmf y a&;&S i f ;
atmifrnf? ArmwpfrsKd ;wnf;&S&d efwpfjznf;
jznf;}udK;pm;oGm;ygrnf? t0ga&mifonf
vnf; ae&mwumrSmv$ix
hf al ernf? tvH
awmfonft0ga&mifxyd u
f ay:vGiaf eygrnf?
t"dy`g,frSm jrefrmjynfonf Statereligion
Edik if aH wmfbmom rjzpfjzpfatmifvyk af qmif
oGm;rnf?TtcsuEf pS cf suo
f nf atmifqef;
atmfya&;&Si;f wGit
f a&;}u;D aomtcsujf zpf
onf?
wdik ;f &if;om;wdik ;f vGwv
f yfpmG ud;k
uG,f&rnf? ra=unmbJeJ@ AdkvfcsKyfwpfpk
onf Ak'b
< momudk Edik if aH wmfbmomjyKvkyf
onf? 'guw
kd ikd ;f &if;om;tm;vH;k vlwikd ;f vl
wdik ;f vGwv
f yfpmG ud;k uG,cf iG &hf &dS rnf?
u&if[mArmrjzpfEdkifbl;? Arm
[mok;H ESpo
f m;t&G,u
f av;udt
k qJoifay;
onf? uav;qJwmud}k udKufonf? r[kwf
wmudkoifay;onf? uav;qJv#if}udKuf
onf? &,farm=uonf? u&ifu ok;H ESpt
f
&G,u
f av;qJv#iw
f w
k Ef iS &hf u
kd o
f nf? rif;
wd@k qv
J #iq
f if;&JomG ;rnf?
Union Of Burma rjzpfEdkifbl;?
Union State Of Myanmar jzpf&rnf? vlrsdK;
uGaJ yrJh tar&duefjynfvkd nDnw
G pf mG aygi;f
oif;aexdik &f rnf? wdik ;f &if;om;taygi;f wd@k
atmfya&;&Si;f atmifqef;udq
k ef@usi=f u? A
rmAdv
k cf sKyfrsm;+idr;f csr;f a&;tpDtpOfvyk u
f ikd f
aeonf?ol@wyfrawmfwikd ;f &if;om;e,fajr
rSrqkwv
f #if ol@+idr;f csr;f a&;tpDtpOfurkd ,kH
eJ@? ol@+ird ;f csr;f a&;tpDtpOf[mtwky?J oGm;
+yD;r,keH @J ? Ed@k qcD u
G /f qyfjymcGupf x
k m;I tdyf
raeeJ@?
TonfrmS jrefrmEdik if H tajccHOy
a' u&ifv&l idk ;f wifjyonf? urBmESiahf jr}uD;
udzk efw;D aombk&m;ocifonf jrefrmjynf
wGif w&m;ESit
fh wlwu
kd yf 0JG ifrnf?
u&if&dkif;

May God Bless You All

unDymd rk.u&XrJ;upH

owif;aqmif;yg;

t&mwdik ;f rwnf+rJ

avmurSm t&m&monfwnf
+rJjcif;r&SdwmtrSefyifjzpfonf? jrpfacsmif;
tif;tdik rf sm;awG[m rnfou
l rSrzefw;D r
wnf a qmuf v mbJ tvd k v d k o bm0t
avsmufomjzpfay:vmcJh&m wnf+rJoifhyg
vsufESifhrwnf+rJEdkif&SmbJ wpfae@wpfjcm;
vdi_ ;f wGe;f aomifxeG ;f &if;eJ@ ajrEku|e;f awGjzpf
ay:vmwm oufwrf;&Sn=f um+yD;&ifrh mvm
aomtcgrmS awmh vlom;rsm;awGu trsKd ;
rsKd ;ac:a0:uifyeG ;f wyf=uavonf? rde;f rvS
u|e;f / bDv;l u|e;f ponfw@kd ayg?h
a&$@ajymif;aewJha&pD;a=umif;udk
jzwfawmufv@kd r&bJ wpfa&G@a&G@e@J tpOfr
jywfp;D qif;+yD; r+rJEikd w
f mud=k unf&h if ouf&dS
vlom;awGtzd@k r+rJEikd af omavmbouUm
&.tqH;k rSm wr[kwjf cif; tHrh cef;avmuf
atmifajymif;vJae=u&p+rJjzpfonf? 'Dvdk
ajymawmhvnf;,Hw
k v
hJ al wG&o
dS vdk r,Hw
k hJ
vlawGvnf;trsm;}u;D &Sad etH;k rnfjzpfonf?
bmbJjzpfjzpf vufawG@rsufjriform;tzdk@
uawmhr,Hb
k J jiif;y,fv@kd rjzpf wnfwef@ae
jcif;[m twdkif;twm=umoavmuf t
a&@uawmh wpfu,fujkd refqefveG ;f vSjcif;
jzpfonf? tJ't
D a&@xrJ mS rS aumif;aomt
a&@e@J raumif;aomta&@EpS cf Ek pS o
f ,
G f ESprf sKd ;

ESppf m; ESprf nfpw


kH &JG =dS uav&m aumif;aom
ta&@udkawmh &Snf=um&if&Snf=umEdkifay
vdrrhf nf? raumif;aomta&@uakd wmh owd
awmifrxm;rdbJ tD;ueJqdkajymif;vJr_jref
qefveG ;f vSonf?
'DjrefqefvGef;wJhta&@tajymif;
udk ta=umif;raumif;&if tusKd ;qufq;kd ae
rSmojzifh tqd;k udrk jzpfapcsib
f J taumif;
jzpfz@kd omtrsm;uvdt
k yfvaS yonf? owdqkd
wmydw
k mr&Sd vdw
k mbJ&o
dS nf? rjzpfvmao;
cifrmS awmh cufcufccJ eJ ufeufeeJ EJ iS hf vH;k 0udk
rjzpfvmEdik af wmhovdv
k kd wpfu,fwrf;jzpf
vmaomtcgrmS awmh r,H=k unfEikd af vmuf
atmifjzpfonf? t&mwdik ;f rSm tcsed Ef iS t
hf
cg[m&Sw
d wfavp+rJ/ tcsed rf wefcif rnfo@kd
yif jzpfcikd ;f / a&@cikd ;f od@k wnf;r[kwf rnfo@kd yif
ajymif;cdik ;f /ajymif;cdik ;f ajymif;vd@k r&/a&$@v@kd r
&wm[m tcsdeftcgrwdkifao;vdk@omjzpf
onf? tcsed w
f efvm&ifawmh atmifbv
k nf;
EGm;eJ@vn
S ;f ESib
hf q
J w
kd hJ qd&k ;kd pum;awGvakd yg?h
&ufpufr.
_ tcsed u
f kd &Snv
f sm;ae
rnft
h pm; vlom;rsm;twGuf tusKd ;jzpfxeG ;f
Edkifaomtcsdefudk tjrefqHk;ay:xGufvmzdk@
tifrwefta&;}uD;aomvdt
k yfcsuw
f pf&yf
jzpfonf? 'Dvakd umif;aomt&mrsKd ;udk &&Srd S
55

omv#if avmuvlom;awG[m vlvmjzpf


&tusdK;eyfvSygayonf? vljzpfygvsufESifh
vl a pmf r eH a vawmh aowmawmif r S t
aumif;qHk;ygwum;[kqdkwJh jrefrmjynfol
awGu r,HkEdkifavmufatmif&Sdaejcif;jzpf
onf?
vl&,fv@kd jzpfvmwJt
h cgrmS arG;&m
ygtcGit
hf a&;udk ud,
k pf &D &Szd @kd vdt
k yfvaS y
onf? 'DtcGit
hf a&;ud&k oif&h xdu
k yf gvsuf
ESihf r&&Sb
d q
J ;kH &H;_ ae&if vljzpfwm wpfu,fukd
bJraumif;/ raumif;wmudyk ,f aumif;wm
udko,faqmifwJh 'DtwGuftaumif;jzpf
atmifawmhzefw;D zd@k vt
kd yfvaS yonf? t
rsm;tusKd ;twGuf onfy;kd aewJah &S@aqmifo
rm;awG oabmxm;aumif;+yD;ruGv
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