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ADB 183 085
NATIONAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE
FOR AERONAUTICS
REPORT 1231
NACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNEL
TEST SECTIONS
By RAY H. WRIGHT and VERNON G. WARD
APP
060
fLE 'E
a
n0
1955
9410498
*
44
REPORT 1231
NACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNEL
TEST SECTIONS
Acces!on For
NTSCA&I
DTIC TAB
Unannounced
Justification......
By ...............
Distribution/
........
.
1
Availability Codes
By RAY 11. WRIGHT and VERNON G. WARD
Dit
and/or
DitAvail
Special
Langley Aeronaufical Laboratory
Langley Field, Va.
Fal
DTIC QUALITY INSECTED 3
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
Hleadquarters, 1612 UI Street AIM, lVashington 25, DA
Crcatedby act of Congress approved March 3, 1915, for the supervision and dlirection of the scientific, study
of the problems of flight (U. S. Code, title 50, sec. 151). Its membership was increased from 12 to 15 by act
and serve as such wvithout compensation.
JE1r.ms
C. llUX8At~ta, SC.
LEONAND CARIIICIIAE,
D).,
Nlaqachoscetts Institute of Technology, Chairman
P~it. D)., Secretary, Smithsonian Institution,Irice, C'hairmnan
Josen
P.AIMOL I1., Vice Chiairman, Civil Aeronautics Iloari.
A,EN V. ASTIN,Pfl. D)., D)irector, National Blurcau of Standards.
l'imSTON Rl. BA68trv, '.%.A., Vice Pre. Idcnt, Sperry ]lad Cori).
Dtrz.rV W. 13no:,K, 11ii. D).,P'resident, Rlockefeller Institute for
Medlical Recsearch.
TilomstsS. Cojimos, Vice Admiral, United States Navy, Deputy
Chicf of Naval Operations (Air).
FRnEDERICK C. Cwkwronis, Se. Dl., Chairman of the Board,
Thompson Products, Inc.
RLPH~ii S.DAMoN, D~ Eng,. President, Trans World Airlines, Inc.
JAMES It. )ooL~Ir~s, So. D).,Vice Presidlent, Shell OilCo.
0AIILJ. PfINGST.ee, Rear Admiral, United States Navy, Assistant
Chief for Field Activities, Bureau of Aeronautics.
DoNAILn 1,
P'urr, LieutenantGeneral, United States Air Force,
D~eputy C.hief of Staff (D~evelopmnit).
DoNAY.Y
A. QUAimns, D. Rag., Secretary of fli,, Air Force.
ARITHUR B. RtAYMOND, Sc. D., Vice PresidentEngnecring,
Douglas Aircraft Co., Inc.
Fitmnics W. tmmemern Se. P)., Chief, United States
Weather Biureau.
LIommS
S. RTHnSCHILD, Im It., Unader Secretary Af Commerce
for Trransportation.
NATHWAN
P. T%%Iimm,
General, United States Air Force, Chief
of staif.
Ilumi L. Dimms, Pan.D., Director
JOHN F. Vicromy, L. D., fixecufirc Secretary
Joux WV.Cnows~nv, Ju., 13.S., Associate DirectorforResrarch
ED~WARD
11. CIIASIDEIAN, IfRCCCtire Officer
0'
IENOiy J. r. RID, 1). Eng., Director, 1augley Aeronautical Labsoratory,Langlcy Field, Va.
SMT
J. DFMTRAoct,
D). Eng., Director, Ames Aeronautical Labsoratory, NMoflett Field, Calif.
EDIVAOD It. Smiwwm,
Sc. D,, Director,Lewis Flight, Propumlsion Laboratory', Cleveland, 01110
IVALTen C. WVILIJA~MS,
It. S., Chief,
IlighSpeed Flight Station, EdadCalif.
  
REPORT 12310
NACA TRIANSONIC WINDTUNNEL TEST SECTIONS'
By RAY H1.WR5IGHT
RlniVHsxox 0. W~ARD
SUMMARY
,Inapproximatesboi hoywsdedpdfrtesld
blockage inteulterence inl circular windI tunndIs with walls s1lttedl
in the direction of flouw. This thery indimcated the p)ossibility
of obtaining zero blockage interference.
ests inl a circular

slotted tunnel based onl the theory confirmed the theoretical
predictions. The slotted~wind tunneltwasoperable at supersonic speeds
merely by increasing the power input, and mnoreorer, thesuper
sonic Mu!ch number producedcould be ied by virying the
power. The phenomenon of choking, characteristic of closed,
tunnels, midnotoecur in the slotted tunnel,
Comnparison of pressure measurements on a practical size
nonlifting rnoddiin the slotted tunnel with measurements obtained
onl the samemodel in a mucklarger closed tunnel, inzwhich the
interference ejects were negligible, showed goodagreement at
I subsonic lf1404numnberq not reatly exceeding the critical and
fair agreement orer most (of themodel surface at Mach numbers
t~jm
o
LI.(late.
The transonic operation ofthis type of test section requires
considerablefurther experimentation and analysis.

numnber 1.0 region. Fundamental
considerations of thie
problein of windltunnelwall corrections and choking liinitatis led to the ideal of at"porous wall."
Theoretical consideration of the prolein withi subsonic
floundarliestby
th eusl of slotsing the sinterfornedary
to onaisb
en fsosi h oi ~udi
extendling inl the direction of flow.
On (lhe basis of approxi
mt
hoeia eutsc
lte
idtne
a
designed. Trests of a mlodel in this slotted wind tunniel
iiudicatec ua theprimary object of iniiniing theinterference, ef ~cts duie toconstrictionbad I e attained. At
h aemntetsssoedtatesotdts.eto
cud100ortdcniuusvtho~tetrnoi ag
tolow supe.rsonic Maclh numbers without change in tunnel
configurat~in. Nohr'r I yetbeen developedfor tipperC
transonic andl supe,c'~if operation. Trhe submsonic theory
wits first ilevell _)einu6.!ul formi inl September 1946. This
report prieents thiesigniw canit research results obt(ainied to
SUBlSONIC THEORY
'lelmtivsiainu~etkni ti
of windtunnel testing limitations for the Macli
g umwskAle
NAM~ Rt 15305IMi.
f.~s0(2)
~oeta
INTRODUCTION
theoretical study ofthe solid blockageina windl tunnelwith
cylindrical boundary1H
colitailling 01)011Slots plarallel to the(
Model testing inl wind tunnels at, high subsonic Machi
flow. It wats tlioughtcpossible, sinceie interference velocinuinberspresents spiecial difficulties that increase inSeverity
ties duie to the boundaries aire of opposite signs wvith freeand
as Matclh number 1.0 is approached. To obviate timmitel
solidboundaries, thatthe opposite effects inight, hesocomichoinganlsvee
iterernceefect (le o cnsriction of
billed inl a slot tedt unnel as to p~rodluce zero solid blockage.t
= solid walls il closed wind( tunnels, thie inodlel siz.e niust, be
Theztheoretical development follows.i
continously dlecreasend as thle Mach number applroachles
Consider atdoub~letz placed onl theaxisof atcircular slotted
unityv fromn ither direction so that at Maclh nuinbers3near
wind tunnel (fig. 1). Onl the assumjption of incomplressible
unity, vanishingly smnall miod cls are required. Thisrequirepotential flow, thepotential due to this dloublet is
moint prevents, imiclosed winal tunnels, a study of model
charatcterisics continuously through thle sonic region. It
rn
x
was recognizedl that ollemthroat, tunnels, because of thenr
4(I)4f+1
constant pressure boundary,could not lerriittleexistemice0
 of the strongaxial pressure gradients characteristic of chjok~d
whlere
,n dloublet, strength
closedthroattutnels. Ini fact,,the very first. efforts to coilstruct highspeed winld tunnels were made by ulse of open, z coordinate ili axial nlirectiont
throat tunnels. Large power requirements aund flow um1i r radial coordlinate
The total disturbancexpotential withinthe tunnel is assumed
steadiness of openthroat tunnels tt high Muchu inumbers,
b owever, interposed serious (lisadlvant(ages, annlthus closedtobe given by thle sui of thle dolubletpotential 0 audvadisturbance potential 0* determnined fronithe followingboundAs the lie(do~dut
__ throat tunneIs were employed,
lryomliliomls:
research facilities for the range of.\ach iumbernear and
through l.0grew, niew effortswere instituted to solve the At; tle slots
plrolem
~REPORT
123 INATIONAL
ADVISORY COMMITTEiP FOR AERON1AUTICS
Rb
0
Sot
Floam 1.Circular clotted windtunnel configuiration.
At thle soli(Iboundaries
0001
=0
0/
(3)
whiere 11is thle tunnel radius. The p)erturbation p)otentil
0*,like,
(4)
=
r
()
2.
in
figure
as
indicated
where 0is'the angular coordlinate
Letit
lotsbepace
syinericalynth
bondar.
IIS
thenpossible andconvenient totrIeat thle flow in only one,
of thie il idlentical stotors p~roduced by drawing radii to tile
centers of Ithe it open segnetsof the boundary. (See fig.2.
With theitranlsfolimation
Oiit0(5
to covers arauge of 2v in each sector. Moreover, if thie
origin for coistaken at (lie radius dirawn to the center ofthec
closed segment, tile range 0 to ir is seen to be exactly
symmletrical to the range 0 to 7r, so thatonly thte p~ositive
values of (oin) tile range 0 to 7r need be considered. With
the transformation (5), equiation(4)becoines
r Or r_f

lFinua 2.Crosssection slio%%big .slots andangle relations.
css~I
conO. For mae shiow,n4.
mst satisfy Laplace's equation. Thtus, in
6i=
[117ij
,
Wf_,W+
='(10)
where 1P.is thle finlite cosine transformation of 0*withl respect
to (0atd is given by
ip (r r,
0*Cs(.t
ainds=0, 1, 2,3,.Equation (o)isrobtainled uinder thie
considerationk that
OWco00
where w, is tile valueof woat thke edge of tie slot. A similar
considerationapplics to equation (10). Theassmptionl is
now inade that equation (8) can be solvedby thke method
of separation ofvariables.
(6)~Pr,~
'Thus, let
Use of equation (12)in equation (8) gives
apply. Thme use of the finite Fouriercosine transformation
with respect to to is therefore suggested. (See ref. L)
Application oftltefinite cosine transfornvto equation (6)and
to thle boundary conditions (2) andit(3), with considleration
of equation(7), yields
where the subscripts r and x indicate derivatives with respect.0
to those variables. Division of equation (13) by XP? gives
~~Fi
n2+! ,
0,
0
P+PX,,=0
r
(12)
From symmetry, ats inay be seemmfroni figure 2, the boundary
condlitionsLi].
P i ' =0
(7
rr
00
(81)
r8
(13)
X(4
x(4
4
$iice, the sunm oftile first three termns of this equation is
(8)
siii(8w)i~a~io~c~a
independent ofx andthe last termn is independent of r and's
L=Sone Quantity Independent of z, r, and s
*0
NACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNEL, TEST SECTIONS
where ytis to be considered a parameter that, may be varied
at will. The solution with respect to the variable x is the
same as that obtained in reference 2. Equatioll (15) is
Also, from reference 1,

r,)+
i(r,x,s)cos(sw)
solved by terms of the type
where A~, is atconstant forany given value of y and~ solutions
may be addedto obtain a function of x satisfying the bound
Lrsiltx
BO cos (fto)'AAk L,
a",
and if, iil equation (23), jiswritten instead of s
aryv conditions. For thevariable r, use of equation (15)in
equation (14) and multiplication by P gives
oP,,+L(2+'1
k ) s il
(17)
P=O
A solu1tion of equation (18) is
anld
(19) r
,coj
where 1is the xlngtb over which Xis tobe der
equation (16) becomes
.I B.I
.
' 7=A'
k.i
LrJ,.
kxfA1
1k
kx
)
sil.
kx
z
(27)
are expanded in
al d
',
also that
Fourier series with sill
(22)
sm
OF\
(26)
Suppos
,,
.
kr
$,"in
Then
and equation (12) becomes
(r,a,s)=
s ) 1
, L
(20)
(21)
~
k~r) krx
ko.
where the primes indicate derivatives with respect to the
arguments of the Jessel'functions. From equation (22)
(2a)
xaloA sill'
sinl A
(25)
Now write
7=k2
sn(4
k.
chapter Ill.) The corresponding function of the second
kind fails to appear because of the necessity that, the solution
be regular within the tunnel.
(24)
sill
IB
0
D),
'
A1
k!t ..
[i
where ,., isa constant for any given value of Is, and1"I,, is
the :nodifiedBessel function of the first kind. (See ref. 3,
('23)
(sin
B., Cos ( /co)t~Zlk 1.1
.'HP O(1=);PF
r P,,m~l.rrItn's'
sin
=,
(16)
sin Yx
so tlat
k
F61= L
Q,5n
,sill k)
k:,
(2s9)
('9)
where Q.kand Qt, are the constants. 'Tihe boundary condition (9) nowbecomes, by use ofequations (24), (26), and (28):
A 5 1B,4, k
sil (s)sins
.k
kr
(Sco)l
B.,
sll
c,
k,
Cos (w) Cos W) d.
and tieboundary condition (10) becomes, by use of equations (25), (27), and (29):
 kB,4h.' (kL 1
71.T~lo
k1
QkRsi , (
k,
( co .. 7. t
kcss)
00
Equatingcoefficients of sin
.. . .
Fsin (SWi)]
1 k=
T)
t1
 Asill k,
k=R).,_ Cos (jc) Cos w,
and performing the indicated integrations gives
) sin
] A A; B o+,
, ).)
L , (
) ol,, +Ssn ( JJi(0
) [sin ( s8)
01___
2
)_
_,
(30)
:i
'
00
(COIMtflt*F FOR AFltO'AUTICS
IMPORTP 123 1IATIONAL, ADVISORY1
and0
I')+"w) [81107
~,A.
(wBQ,
V7"'l
i
Q,, Qk,, and14thleiessel
Ineutos(23), (30), and (31) elk,
~~
2'0)_2(s
(31)~~)J
and, if the functionlsA(q) aire colmbinled. With (110coetlicients
functions depend uipon k, which takes onl only integral
B)., Or 13.1, equat11ion (23) is replaced with
valnes. In reference 2, however, the length I wasyextenided.
to infinity and the Fourier series woas rceplacedI y atFourier
integral. With the integral forin, thie coeff(icints A,, Qt,,
anld Q, atrc replaced by continnous functions ofk11 or,
otherwise of2
(32)
q R
q
If, also,
r
1j.
0
o
Coq l11 sl qZ
q
q
~~)I~j)sn(~
s$W
o(sf
0.q)I&psil(t
() (p)sn()dq34
C4
(.33)
and (equations (30)andi(301 with
sir(ain
L 8
(',()
,,q),()
r n~~
co Sil j8)W
sill
2 '. (q) F
~(q) Silt~(scj,) + 2 Es4),q
L 12U:8) +' 2js
_j,I
___
and

2(js)
j.
7r]?
Since Q, andQ2 aire now thie functions which whenl multiplied
by silt (9 ) make tip the immegrands in the Fourier integral
expression of fo
antI
and
_)IA)
___
sJ
Integ'ration by partsandconsidcration of reference 4 alhows
that.
Qq=i !1 qKoQq
respectiv.ely, consideration
(.39)
of equation (1) givesa
Q
sill (qt) d
27r
y
A/e
Qo=!U
r I(q
sintsml)
kind.
mq
2R2
and the relations (39) and(40) are used, the following equation for determminmgtlic functions ',vreits
(8
(jT
1o()Fsill(87)Sill (swmfl
J.Aq)
Sill(je.,l
h(q)
1.)
Sill (j8)w.+Sill (j+)c~m1
Sill UJ+#0o 1 }
raftin (sr)sin 4&)1 K(q) Fsinlsw.,l'~
8
J+
1.Qis Jf
\~qL 
(40)
where Ko and K, are modilu'dllesi'el functions of the second
If thc equationis (35) anid (36) tirc solved for CQ,,q)
and if tile righthand sides aire then equated to each other
(.37)
21)3
~2wJ1j'Ie44
O,40
j ffK~q)
tI
0t
NACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNEL TEST SECTIONS
F'or convenience, take
I1qoq
2W
L
lI!)
and let+the argument q of the Bessel functions be understood.
Then, since 0'=11, equation (41) can be written, after some
rearrangement, and after multiplication with tihe productt
JY"=
;,~P.s~}+
(..' K
(42) ,,,I41+
IOIOi/
,o'
,{1
.,
.u
L..
Equations (43) provide at each value of q an infinite system
of simultaneous linear algebraic equations for the determination of tile values of the functions P,(q) at that point. With
use of equation (42)the interference potential (34) can be
written
*g ()j,,2co
'r.0I)( sil(W q
(44)
rom which the interference velocity in the dlirection of th
tunnel axis is
2cos s
P().&pco q d
,~p o q)l
(45
5
1t seems Ikely 'that, if the first few functionsPI, could be
obtained, the interference velocities not. only in the axial
direction but also i, the radialand angular directions (ohtailned by differentiating equation (44) with respect to radial
and axial distanees) could be satisfactorily expressed. Unfortunately, every function P,,,depends upon every other
one according to equations (43) andeven P0 maytherefore
be very difficult to obtain with a sulficient degree of approximation. Some information may be obtained, however. from
time formwof the solution. On the axis of the tunnel (p=0),
which is in the region of greatest interest because the model
is located at the center, the interference velocity is determined by the function P0 alone; for all tie Besselfunctions
1,,(0) are zero except for Io(0), which is equal to unity.
Moreover, as the argument, is decreased, tie value of the
Bessel function I., decreases ever more strongly as the order
is increased; therefore, if a value of w, can be chosen such
that, the interferencevelocity at the tunnel axisis zero, the
interference slightly off the axis willbe less as the number
of slots a becomes greater. Inany case, thevariation of
interference velocity with angular position near the tunel
axis will be decreasedhby increasing the number of slots, since
the interference corresponding to P is invariant with respect
to c. The angular variation of the axial and radial velocities
willbe symmetrical about, c=0. The angular interference
eoc~itic, will lie atl.yinmntrieal bout w 0. Since the
(L
i+
k
sJI , 3
(~r1
(43
only function of x appearing in equation (45) is the even
function cos (q), the variations of tie Axial velocities will
be symmetrical about ;X=0 (the position of tie doublet.).
The radial and angular variations, however, will be antisymmetricalabout x=O.
'ite infinite integral appearing iu equations (44) and (45)
causes notrouble and canlbe graphically obtainted, since it
appears toconverge in tie region of q=8. For the closed
tnnel
u
(wl=1) anl for the open tunnel (wj1=0), forboth of
whichP, iszero except, for P and for which P degenerates
to known functions of q including Bessel functions,this convergence has been proved through the use of asymliptoti
exp~ansions of the Bessel fiuactions.
'Pie system of equations (43) has been set upin matrix
form fill iJ of the equations and 10 of the unknown functions
P,.(q). (Seetable L) For each row the value of,s is constant.; for each column thevalue of jis constant. The argument of theBessel functions is q in every case. The determinant, of the left side of equations (43) is contained in the
space below and to theleft of the doutlle lines in table .
This determinant is symmetrical about a diagonal; squares
containing ilentical quantities are inlicated with identical
numbers. In each square the function of Bessel functions
is to be multiplied by the function of trigonometric functions
appearing in that same square. The functions P,, applying
to their respective columns are given in the row above and to
the left of the double lines. The K atthe toll of the colunn
to the right of the double fues indicates that the colunn
contains the constants given by the righthand side of
equations (43).
The system ofequations (43) hasnot been shown to beconvergent. Tihe Fourierseries in cos (sw) is required not
only to express a function 0* and its first, and second derivatives but also to satisfy t.wo simultaneous equations expressing two different kinds of bouiblauy comlitions. 1 1e
boundary conditions are discontinuous at the edges of the
slots (w=w,), and, by analogy with thin airfoil heory, the
velocities at the edges are expected to be infinite. Such
boundary conditions cannot be exactly satisfiedby ayourier
scries al=it wuldnotbe surprisig, therefore, ifthe ystem
AD
......
, ,: +,+,m]
ADVISORY
IMRPORT 1231NATIONAL.
__
COMIUrEE FOR AERONAUTICS
AL I_
____
SCHIEDUL.E FOR COMTPUTATION OF THlE CO'NSTANTS p~WITH TEN EQUATIONS
(1)
(2)
(11)
(12)
(14)
(23)
013)
(C)
~I
sit,...
ss+*I
+ 'I12
(23)03 (3
(8)
(7)
(2)
(3
01n7.
,n4
OD.sn2.
4)
(M)
21)
(21
K(1.)
(31)
(42)
29)
n_!I..
(7)
(43)
3)
(1)(0
14)
2
'1
9)
(13
0)
(1)
(16)
(M)(1
(40)
(43)
4)
aveageC~ilijt~l~s
taild bonday
nd hes
COk~lti~lS,
ouie ere.
nay
col~ e xreselbyIealso
oIt illreasnalt
24
lo9 I)...sn
I
J3)
34bsi
.si)nl2&M(1).n3
tila,
(eltetleislarely(l~~l'flhledb
lltrfeelle Iefitil
Pleti2e
a.) ()OliaVaterhalb
(4s wer irtepo
Iuthat
le itefeeance
(4*)
(39)
M)
4 
1.43
it4,.
(2))
(33)
s rasoableto
ioweer,
(43)wer divlgeit.It.
((i1305,
avrg
~(lt.li
(40)
(43)
al
!In
0
~4ns1In!
9.~
(4)
24
(1
(1321)
(10)
(16)
(0M(0
sutios, fovr,
(0I)
(4.)
sin)
ileCorrspOl~ingvi(Is fr tie oen ~ld losd t!IQlcis7 t
wa relizd tattil ilmberof quaion usdii tle oh7
0banigacrae)d
tioll
(c
s ent0el ilfd(1a fo
of ile nteferecebut ille tie itersrin e at tiinccltc
it.
bonay oin,
m~s, ieeidagey nth in
lhe
ie cquarel
exprvlesd and ahpn aecloe.tunels.t
funcmions
Ceithe ifely
(43)th
nO de
ariousr aue ofaforby
aveag conditionresole at
7
aerag0.8 5w.on
tiled aondahle o litois andr,theseO7
ealteize
Chath
numb9welre in fqatilure busei tile iltobtaioning5 bcae posis
ga w1 elltil inaeqatera
oftea~
inteiereceytincie t.ea int.frec aitteranero
axiidinerfernce elociesdiatutier seies.ofThe prolblem.
(p==O)
dAlcceorelis~ toe eiatio (4o a sfient debyrthe
Tiecioretofileca
obltegain.
sandetile suchavioreoerileacalculations
cice
i.fgr
p.lt
.leetlynyb
nciedofaile Foigr3
nwere
such, however
h
tile iltrcodicattiposiioudnofary
slpreoit
ht.reit.,was sumielat
it afistatemt
sluiosforo btinmllerca
fth b aeqatlyexrese,
n a ate tt clclae h
p
eimultancous~
4 )wt
lefrtfu
eqain
fntos
itrirc
'~.5riie
nfiur
eas
h~
.
' ACA TI1A1SON10 WINDTUNNEt, TEST SECTIONS
316
120 QZl slots; 10 equations
12l A Rectangular tunnel; a opensides (ref.5)
10l
I on the interferenice would be approximately zero.
ith reg il to com presibility effects, thle miethod d tlie whole system is stretched in tile flow direction
1U
kvbthe ratio
where 11 ik tIi, freestream Matclh num
IW
method,

it
~2.
 
~~ ~ ~
Ficeac

On
ie
com
til vlctie inffect of
riediboudar(lie
eor.
8ttrleam directistregth,
Rotin of
~ ~ ~ ~lotditnt~~~la
Raiofhesedeageryets, ant
eietal
to thfedoublet.
r
pressibleto lo increasedaxa
andopre
thbe
intuer
nefrnea
toAinatrerieeoei
strini
delocitin her aie
inference velocities
41_ _A
ber. InthtItis process, thle t unnel botitidary remains utnelhanged
sincein the theory it, already extends unliforly
Ivto infiluity.
Sice
~~~
~~
.6aitreeneclctesaerorin
00~~~
0'
e aio th
stream
ie
irectiyoneer
and
stor~
ver thebe cresble induced
of the dulustead dipriont
Ii
verify0hc assumption previously muade that for this conlfigira
equolone
o Ice~us4
s~l~ s'm llon
indrysretsile
comp
areportonl
th xito nt
doblt
ai
~pressibilit
fstnces
li. arxiil
efowct. is alozr
ficaionillordr
t kel) he umbrs nvovedwitin
h
regnab oites iode
coldbetae into acolie inerl
raiig o (lie colitilig mreiialcin)wa nexit
olve l one
thebliraiigte(otbe.steghstl uthrcie mtr
BellTelpliimeLabratrie
X0744rely cmpuer or
fe(lie tunelwllostiti
on effect. reiliaaxi
s
uncliatiged.
i
the dblesof W1 eol ze2ro0.ao
lue~
0fwn49;
lsvau
.5r
the
A fdorto lcsth
thatiicaei interferenceszrfo(leiOtili bhosiiistiof es er eusthBll epmahntas nt
veocitiessawayfom
ithlserd
poiin
oumresblet
folw Tihaiiis
sttio arr
thpeolann
cet titol
pear inmayof
bysonini~rsiblitd mighter ecve toog le ctoal toleed
ap
a
(locie
pthrefrce spearsi
lie
asi afhebdiuber unityediscus
lof.r te
valueSobined fuow
The squbyares or
eze of
w nintnnel,
wIllthco l e t ake
ou
ha., a is(rle
t.th psiio of(le lolbet rslow
intrfreceveocty
ubri
n
erae steMc
2wasthon theisodlms.
byathiamd
re
in oke ige nuTher vled
tllert
heer, (ietoulde
for
creas Atn ie ulet strnch
beaue ofit.
olptngnihe
bledth.wih
was
nexth veo tile
s unslott
ed.ilo
ber
oile to est.l munrch larger
io mo els i
zeo iTerfereone, waoouldesof6a7loweae formwichler
Aydsierthn
aatu
(presentbe
tete ill ancreaseI i ier fer(lie
proleand vauso o f02r .5, 1n 0.9r til
salities
size
ot.iedule oiinwu( eianf
ie w~as ot
instigate (li.easctin ofl th
(being those
(se io"ar
tie rego underfce themost
favoral
d oilinglcOf
Obiy thoupe
ssoiamigegiohas reae (lie tnnaewall
btweene inr the theoryc humern eite is hpoeloigc ld. A osiereoaar
fo cmar iso.Tvaues
(tils.lu
chktinicaeszoweer
tion of (lis ntueWlicetofa
windtunnels
lar
oiino te] tdou(le iterfereiic
inferenceovletlotcircu
iiee ocrsbecus the e~cness mas ltlitt, cokingust
forilie reaigudsia tiunlwt wre3.evle sieswh wase
moutl throug led sulot inof
cal psslie oest byclowge
(ltoeintefrefeice,
wo.l be fact.w tha le iferce
lte
ligain
r
thughO (ilie
ie" nk aha olieoesld
voO)l5les
n i a
(lee
velociblufov(erectangular tubie it
b1ne
in(le. Iidl
slotsycoi
the
dsr owntuigoh. strialeionif.)falabv
valus iithiseifor (lier tw ost cirabule oputin
Asnmayc
bhe
se1eroiiiire or
hslo
,
wihdths grnelartll,
th us sufiint toesecue zero ionterference it (lcner
(lie
r
dictes (ha iosmaesoni incoreret becaueneitr
strongly forfecte
lo ceitrulairo thnellosd sufae ies leru
(ile operatn of lilotd tuinel igrelate ihieive
iiles exsome psslowi
'rlii
creisti
toatsloith.ee
tunluihlwlfe idles thic in(ies
tor (lie (ubltlOtiliiierectangular
ioe
lue
mightfrenocombpro lie with egardtlowving (lit slrotil sidth
5The
i
tefarctcthaty
circulard(irfe,
etIlern
tlire
toeduc alend f ilte me an cal ene again
vh~eorek valeexpected to lie nearerto the Wolli (WOeOpenSides
tigaslted, iid ith roegadtl. ebesliesli lnrtoi
sitig.3)flswitbove
(shewimbyrfilencprat.tt leidolet
grase small
(lie
on
ollBeltcrclrtnelde
Otheris e t seens (lesireo3, forlslot width
vadlues
5 a rcnlyben
calculated
Telaehn e
ares Xr06744 relay bcauter it14
moe
tatsfiien
sprcale
oereoilize
iefere requirement..
equatios ofle psytem (43).The reulrtne
shown in ie 3
ciclr
unl
nefreceoct
adie
iecoeune
_brfrexetdt
Til
auemgt
interference__
at
and
be
au
*iO
ii
(ledultpsto
itcalulatd
j=05_rImsrecntl
tie
Bll
Ino t tihrear,
his
trabeistic promie fie
oopoms
ih
ordc
iaeadwt
thewis,
eadtovrig
ie
helfnefrn%htIsnty~eiiv
eadtpg
i
sems
esirbleto
l
t e
3 that liey
lo
it
re
0ierrt
uesncoeai
th
slt
wdthas
mal
RE~PORtT 123~1X1OXA1,
ADVISORY commr'ib FORt
AELtJYAUTICS
greater thoimumber of slots thle smialler is thie ratio of open
peripheryq to closedl leriphlery requiired to at tain the zero
iterferenice conditjin. Tl'e power required for a slotted
tunnel shouldbe inuch less thanu tliaL needed for anl open
''IA I
TRtANSON leSt, vt1DTEAs~lro
AITEhRS
tunnilel;
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION
I'lanfl~ .4
SYMBOLS
Cwinig
11
D'
freestream 'Macl inurber(V7/a)
freestream Machlinber atnudpoiiit of test
section
11"
freest ream M achi iumberat. positionl Of body
nlose
mf
freestreamn M ach iluillel at positionl Of body
tail
1
albsolute static prssr
(p~ffb"
critical pressure ratio (4f1I;0)
I?
test section radius of circular tunnel
I'
effective radius of octagoinilst~section
S
distance front midpoint. of test section afloag
tiiel loingitudinal axis
1V
freestreamit velocity
TO
distanice along body aixis fromnose
( istance along wimng cliordfromleadiiig edge
ydistance along wing span frontu plate Of Symainetry
it
A,
TIL
PRtOIAT$l'tEtOLD. ORtI)INAI'ES
 U.IflCIA4lo1)("ii0tlSI
_____n_____
Saion
0
I
The test.model was a 3.5inchdiaineterprolate spheroid
of fineiiessratio 6 (table Il1). Theratio of body diamneter
to tuiinel diameter is, 0.292. Thme selection of a body of
quell large size was muado in order to magnify the wall
iterferenmce effect to permit anaccuirate treatinent of tile
(n)
17
.2ii)
0
.012W
im)
i~
2.i0
3.1"
'20
ii
iniclnned in figure 4. Some of the important, slotted(l tstspetionprmltr r inicluded in tableM..
Sim
The local Static pressures over the body were recorded
sirinultaneouslv wi th the freest ream Mach unumber inl all
tneongraii.
InI order to obtain for iomjparisonl nix,' . !erimnenta "freeair"' or essentially interferencefree condition for the 'nodel,
testsvame also p~erformied onlthe $latte Iiiodel iii the I'llngley
8foot highspevd tunniel. For fuither comparison, tests
were ande it%12inchdiunleter openi and closedl test sections,
andtherestults were correctedl by mneans of it potential flow
method. The (hitiL frotn~lie $foot diameter closed tunnel
Wet'e essentially free of interference as recorded.
Results and discussion.Surveys of thle pressure (list ribiltioiis at the center amid rtitlie wall of life slotted test~section
indicated it siltisfaetoril uiintergonallsbnIc
Macli numibers. (See fig. 5.) Snoeroiii Macli nmnbers were
obtained merely hy increasing the pressure (drop acrosstile
than tllat at, thle throat. area. At, thisstation the effuse,'
bell became tangent to thie diffuser. A closed lank 24 inches
(dianmeter surrounded the test, sectioni. A loniuinl~
Scelirmatic (hilgram of the Slottedl test section aiid~a scaled
crosssectional view of t(lie circular slott(ed  est, sectionare
~ll
walIinterfertnee effects. Staticpressure orifices were installed inl the body along tot) andl bottom ineridiansmnd at,
several angular sta1 Xons about ]te cente of the body.
TMlTS WITH 3.3.INlIIDIiAMELTER BDiY
Apparatus and methods..Prelimillary tests in thlis inlvestigatioll were  coxi tic ted in a 12inchidiameter circular test,
sect ion slottediii thle (directioni of flow. This test sect ion
wmas
(lesigiledon the basis of thme
plrecedinig theory to p~rodlue
zero blockage inlterferenlce at the position of the model.
TIeti evenmly spaced loilgit uinial slots comin;sedl oneeighth
of tImetotalcircular tteripiery. The slot width remiained
constant along its leimgth aiid extended dlownmstreamm to a0
station mithe diffuser where the areawas 20 percent. greate
Amro lIemso no
minimum 2) IA'lwuS)*
o
%twsoVi~nr 1*11toosu A.0o
"Aent todlusk1r(pin),
n
fiin." bell
ann~Rgo
of tank dIhiners
Stst2.
1
(diamneterof tunnel at(,throat.
effective diameter of octagonal (tunnel
totalpressure
bodylength
alR10tlo
o il'Ot ill%K.
tivaarOlwo(nJ~ti.).
Spll
chordl
l~
I~lkd .1.01 0*10im~~
velocity of sound1(ill air
bwing
1i(IT.
11.11of sl It 'Alot U1,10hs$10iS
'I'e following symnbols tire used inl preseinting the results
of he xj~rilenalllvstiati:Inled
it
L.530
8.34M
9501
U"
R5"
54311.4U
:O)
270)
4548
mw
5,X0
17&
QW,
9.
.IL2
70
adius
stlol
I lia5IrU
(n)
(i.
I.
0
5m
2497
.4
UWa4 1
1.71147
IH1374
U,.
1:41
i00
.rs au
m
14
.3
210
NO.S
10)
I00
2.40.
32LMl
3AWJ
01
4"
73
1111Z
W2
.6334
.1w,
4'61
Li7.2
.35
1.247
9450
11
&W4(
74290
U
5w
7
4761
00
VACA TRANSONIC WIN )VrUNNb V.iST SUCTIONS9
TCCNk
SkAS
00
Elfusef bell
to)
0
Inches
(o
()
(a) $c denlatic dIlLigramu
ot transouiloSlottCel tunnel,
(b) Cromsection ol12.linclidiaiter dircular transaoic slotted tunn1el.
(c) Cro&5 section of12.iricbeffectlvediaineter octagonal trausoic slott&d tunnel.
FDmrun 4.Trasolslotte.tuunnl configurations.4
10
REPORT 123 IATOVAL ADVISORY CO1NIM1FrEE FORt AERONAUTICS
~
{4~
D tbtion al funnel wall
~isrb
~ ~ tuna
elcenelire
Air flow
slotted lestseclion wall,
Entrance lip
Toni,
I
Model
Elluser b0!l
location
99
S901
.1
0 0
 '4

1097
Slolion frm rndpotnt of test tectie/Ttwoot dneler, SID.0
2.
(b) 12inchdiameter circular transonicisletted tunnel.
FiauxF 5.Axial pressure distributions along ivall and center line of circular closed anid slotted tunnuels for several ifacl' nuinbers.
bola are for distributions at center hue.
test sectionl. With a sulpersonliec I tllnber of 1.O97, the
Macit numnber variations appcared tob110 .02 ovcra length
of one throat iamtieter. Cenitcrliie pressuires wereobtaiincd
by mneansof a liinclidiancter axial statiepressurc suirvey
tube that extendcd upstreamn to the tunnlel entrance bell.
'fhe axial pressure distribution at anl indicated streamMfacit number of 0.060 in the 12inchdiameiter closed
tuinnel is inlulded in this figure for comparison. Small
axial Pressure gradients existedi in tile 12inchdiamieter
open1and closed tunniels aindat tilt hlighlest subsonic \)1achi
numb ers in thle 8footdianietercioseLI tunnel. Trie Maclh
nuemnber calibrations for all tunnels were based onl pressures
at orificeslocated ill thle closed entranlce section upstream
of the throat.
With the3.5inchdiamecter body ill time 12inch diameter
closed test section, thle facli number was limited to 0.7~2 by
choking at the model, whereas in tile open1 test section
choking at the efluser bell limited tie maximnum test Macli
o0.89.
llne In tile slotted test section chokingagain
(Flagged sym
occurred, at tile effuser bell, but sine tile luixilng region was
now limnited onily to thle slots allilthe lowenlergy air at tile
boundary was therefore less than 'that produced ill thle
openI tunnel, amllaxitnulin Macli nmber of 0.07 couldl be
obtained. In the Sfoot. closedl test section a mnaximumn test
Maclh ntlilber of0.94 was obtainedrathier thanl tile valee
0.06 intdicated by tiheoretical onedimensionad choking at
tilo model. 'T, S8foot tillilel is therefore believed to Lave
choked at tile sPort. strult. behind tileIioliel.
Thle measured local pressure ratiosat the mlidipoint of tile
3.5inchidiaineter prolate sphleroid in tile 12inildinineter
alld 8footdiamieter tllnel conifigulrationls corrected for thle
small presstwegradliellts that existed ini tile elosedtilroat
tulieis  re ntedl as a function of' Mach number in,
figure 6. Evenwith tilis large smsotel illtile 12inclidialnieter
slotted tumll., the pressulre ratios show reasonably good
agreement overailnost tile enitire test 'Mach Ilimber range
with vailuesobtained ill tIle 8foot.diameter closed tummiel1.
'Thlis behlavior isii siarp contrast with that in tile 12inch0
XACA TRfANSONIC WVlNDTUNNEL TrEST SECTIONS
____
12inchdiometer ckculor closed tunmet
8fotdoeter circulor closed tu~rjel
o 12inchdiometer circular sltted tunnel
..a0

12einchdim nter circular open tunnel
t
.8
1
IZ
0
'0 '
.1
.2
.3
5
.6
Steorn Moch rkxrber, M0
.7.8
.9
10
Fieunt. G.Comparison of wecalpresmuro as a fuictior of Mach munber at midpoint of3.5ichdiuzmeter prolato gplieroid inl cirealar opoo, closed,
awl Slottedt 6111110s.
diameter closed tunnel, for which (lie blockage interference
of this phase of OhL problem has boondeferred, however, in
is very large. A largo high subsonic Mach number range
order to proceed'to thle more imnportant invcstigationlof thle
is coveredl ill the 12inchidiameter slottced tunnel which
transonie behanvior of thistypo of test section with models00
cannot. be reached in the 12inchdiamneter closedl tunnel
of more reasonable size.
because of choking at the model.
Figure 7 presents toe measured local pressure ratios 2)111TSSWT
M.~t~l~cFRMIE
Apparatus and methods2he second mode10 itsedl inl this
inl the Slotted tunnel comnparedl withi thle pressulre ratios
investigation consisted of a l.333inch(lialnoer prolate
obtained front thle corrected data front thle 8footdiamecter
spheroid, of fineness ratio 6, fitted with anl NAOA 65010
closed tunnel andl from thle 12inchidiamneter opei ond
wing" of L5incls chordand 6inch span. (See tables III
closed tunnels. Thle curve front the slotted testsection falls
andl IV.) The orifice locations os the model tire presented
between thie twn zeroiterference curves and extends to
in figure 9.
high subsonic Mnchnumbers for which adlequate correction
TABLE 1%r
for theinterference cannot he mnadl.
The pressure (distributions over thle 3.5inchdiamecter
ORDINliTES OF NACA 65010 AIRFOIL
prolate spheroid are compared tt several Maclh numbersrdi
rdii
SttOn
with the two zero interference curves inl figure 8. The
pressure (listribution obtainedI from thie linearized potential
111o
c hvnot131r)
lcen5l
Chord)
crd)
theory is also shown. A rotation of tile pressure diagram
inl the slotted test section is evidelit in thle sense ofincreasing
I
15.0 Z064~
.75
pressures toward thle niose of thle body. Tilhe pressureratio scale has been doubled relative to that, ill previous
20
m.
1,5
(4
4.15
believed that this distortion of thle pressure dist rilnt ion is
due tozthe inordlinately large modeluised in these preliminary
exlpcrilnents. Even so, it. is alsobelieved thatthe distortion
might be corrected by tapleimng 'thle slot, widths. StudyI
la70
&
20.00 ,1
2&O
1,60
3000 4.11
10M.s)
1W
S&un I.n
MO
1~mo
_4
12
IMPORIT 123StNINATOA
CONMMITr'ElP
ADVlISORIY
FORl AnloNAUTICS
8footdometet circulor closed tiuet
12hdTeter c.rculor open ond closed tunnels
12chdmeter civcuior slotted twdel

9
 
0__
2
fr~iLzz ILT i~~"I
2
Stre~~_
resu~ ato 3
Fiun
ictonofMah
7 orcei ocl umeratpojienofniipitt
eriher w
slots, 7Conringocpeeitm ofth mtontiono
(S l
ornrpeen c thd
lased side
Cat~
atathe
midoin
er
po
of umt
o at~Mc
mer
hed r s litirto
rrcfg.4)lt
7.
91
Moch
f
>~e~A
.ichdilnlciiolteSpI~oi mcicua
liv
ncdmvngterte s 11101lit rulrem
ditoa
ofyi thre8footttunnel,
t
.
slotted test sectinwssbtintwasfoehl
Ahelent octagonal
e i
ledeimn test so. Eih choice
th egotcircularscin
of
(le fasieslt ofStue 4.rn
coe the ctaonsetn
e
ose pomints alwer uptenegMli nble,See s
roe Maclh number gradient wofbt.a0.03
taeiwith
(lthe application of this type of 1'roatto arge wind tunnels,
specifically, the Langley 16foot and 8foot highspeed tonimiels. Factors affct img thie choice Of testsection shape are
installation of optical apparatus, simplicity of construlctioni,
and cost.
A calibrationbased onl thle measuired tank pressure ahiead
of thle slotted region was used to give Maclh number variation both in thesubsonic and iii thle suipersoniic region. The
streantMachniumber, calibrated in thismnanner, is used iii
the octagonal transomnic slotted tunnel tests. Because of
the existing supersonic Maclh number gradliemnts, aill Macli
numbers above tlie speed of sound are presented for the nose
position of thctest, inodel Ah..
For comparison, data front the Langley 8foot highspeed
tunnilel, wemre litilizcdas tilie zcro, nitcrfercncecouiditioii. The
8fook.iametcr closed tunnel was limited to a subsonic
Mach nmber of 0.99 by chuokinug at or ntear thle modlel.
The interferenmce effeclts onl the niodllatallsilbsonic Macli
were tile best. available for this Maclh number range, anhi
as the \mc utmber gradient was relatively siliall, thle restits in thie 8foot, closed tunniel were treated as conitinuiouls
data for these comparisons. Unless otherwise indicated,
the Mach numbers specified for these (la tire those existing at~tlie nose position of the model.
Resultsand discussion. Ileaxial lpresstlre distrib~utions
along the center line ainl wall of thie l2inclieifetivediametei octalgonal transonic slottedtcst, section aire p~resentedh
in figure 10. The fact that highersupersonic Macli Iumbers
were obtained in the octagonal slotted test section than in
the circular test section is believed to be (hil to thle shorter
length oftest. sectioni, since wvith this shorter leingth less lowcenergy air is required to passinto thle dliffulser. The Maclih
liumhcrvariationnear Manchnumber 1.27 k applroxinmately
0.65 and decreases as thie stream Macli number is reduced.
iumiiber imi the
At all subsonic Macli numulbers, th *Maclh
testaregion is satisfactorily uniforin.
thesuestoitheotaie of the oA
hitee ateionts
.9
NA9
~92
~
TRqiANSONIC WINDTUNNlEL
TI" TT
FTT
Lbetween
90
r
.80
76

7nel
...L
8fooidome~r eculo cloed iM~l
incdamreler c reulor slotted tunel
12nh 0el ei c
0
o lro
tunhoelerc oo pnadcoe
74
.72
70
~
..
5.68
(lhe model. At. xrSI=O.9O,
over
the pressure
thie data inl the two tunnel Configurations
diffrenkes
larger
~fif~Ljmbthan at (lthforward stat ions andl appear to inica teairea (liffer
4
ence inl the rate. of shock movement with Maclh number.
tF
Examiinationi ofreferencee 8 imidictes (hat this effect mlay be
.78
13
TRST SFCT1ONS
650
66
00
(tile to the 25perenlt greater Reynolds niumnber and to tlie
higher turb~ulence level in tIke I2inchdiameter slottedl t unas complaredz to the Sfootdiameter closed tunnel. Tile
ature of the psressure dlifferenice is such ats to indicate this
possibility. J lie Machi number gradient ill the Sfoot (tilnnel for tie low su1)ersomiic values lead~s also to show these0
points ait. at Maeh nmiber lower than actually exists, thereby
exaggerating (lie aforementioned difference. Th'le lowersurface and radlialstation pressure variations tire also presented ili figure 11.
Figure 12 presemnts comnparisomis simiilar to those inl figure I I
on (lie I .333inchdiunseter prolate spheroid sw'lenthe NACA.
10 wing is afixed symmetrically tot
the body. A pressure
566
izrti
.8.
.
SIolIon/Length, Xr./L
FiGR~Rn 8Corrected
0'
pres sure (Hitribtiots along top) rneridian of
.3.5.inclidiamzeter prolato sp~licroild for several 'Manch antbers in
circular open and clo'crl tunnel,, complaredl vilik uncorrccted presmire
distributions along body In circular qclotted t unnel, (oeta
cl
of pll hisdouble that wsed in figq. Guiid 7.)
A pointbypoint, comparison of thie lockil pressures oe
tlie I .333inchdianieter body in thke 12inchidiameter tramisonic slotted tunnel with (hose inl the 8tootdiameter closed
tuninel arc presemitetl as a function of Machnumber inl figure
I.'I'lie pressures Over mostof (ile body appear to agree
quite satisfactorily in (ilie two tunnel. coiiratos even
in (ilie 'Machinumber rangebetween 0.88 and1.13, for which
this body cannot be tested, because of choking, ili a closed
tunnlel Of lie salle size us that, of the slotted(tunnel. Above
a\ach umberof 1.08 ili (lie slotted tunmiel, elisagemew
exists overa forward portion of (ile belly inthe nature of it.a'
pressuire rise relative to (liepressure variations obtaiiiedin
(lhe 8footdiamecter closed tunnel. T1hiis pressure rise does
fut, Cuitolob, withi tlie fitiuifuliuiCes ill tile tllilieiell)ty
Macli nuimber distributions. lNeither do thesenonuniforin
itmes appear to affect substanitially thie prmsure distributfions


orimclo~tn
I
w,
nIs
__
elr
Sro
(OLtSr~o~0
Mf'
lb!a
010
.02
Vnrc
0.70
1e7
upe_..,o
319
uf
TIC2
00.
11 totm~e
10
nir..
60~i
'j
e
.0)

.51rdialsa
Loner
( oJ
i
FlIown; 9OIrolato spheroid of 1.333.,iicli diameter with
S ACA65010 wing atlivedsymmietrically.
14
'123 IATIONAL ADV'ISORlY CONIl'lUF
IMP~1ORT
OR
0l AiflONAUTICS
Airflow
Entronce lp,
Slottedlestsection woll.
0V
2
0~
:l.i
eirln
I
20
.
.960~..
0
~0,otri1.05n
S2
0.50
Station frommidpoioof lest section/Effective throat diameter,~ 3/0'
Fiou
10Axial pressure (listr ijlun alonig %%all
andcenter Him~ df 12incliefivetvediainetcr octagonal transonio slotted tunnel for moerat
Mach num11bers.
rise over the forwardportion of tho body abovea Mfach
niumber of1.0S is again noted inl tile transonic slottedl tunnel.
'Because of tile large number of inuiividilal testrulls nlecessary
to ob~tainl tilesupersonlic test p~oints ill tile 8footdialneter
closedi tunnlel, tile(iata ipresentedi for tils configuration are
linitedl totwo poinltszill tile gradlielt, flow ibet~ween a .\lli
nlumber of 1.0 and 1.2. Thel acculraicy of time Compa)rison ill
tis M\acih nulnbelrauge is tiherefore severely limtitedi. Again
the lilli disllgrfeinellts bietweenI tile data ill tile two tunmlb/
conlfiguratiolns occur attile rear, of tile body, b~t thle differenees are sinalier t(ban with thle body alOlle, a cirCuinstamice
whlicih Supports tlie plossiiliity that tlile (liffcreilcesz bay be
due inl part to Reynoldsnumber and turbulilee effects.
Trie local pressumres over tile NACA 65010 willglllre conipalredI for tile twotunnel configurations ill figiires13 1111114.
Figure 13 presenlts variations witli Macil iluberatseveral
stationls alon~g tilecllordi. Figture 14 presents sim~ilar v'ariationls at spalI)wiseApbsitiolls. Tihe, loan)l diff( rnnle~e..hu1weu
the data inl tile two tufliell configurations agail occur ait tile
rearward chordwise stations. TVhe disagreemnrtis most, sev'ere above (lie critical speed of tlie wing ibut below a Machs
mnber of unity. Again these effects may be dueill part0
to Reynolds nlumberanid turbulence dlifferences. The spanwiecon isolls(fig. 14) appear to agree Satisfactorily evenI
1
at, tile wilgtippositioil,
I .000.
Th'ie (lata are ipresented as pressuire (list ributiolls inl figures
15 to 18. Thie (distributions oil tile bsody alonle are shlownl for
several \jachs nunmbers inl figure 15. Thie (lisagreelnentJreVilously (iisctlssediinly 1)0 noted ill these clistriisutioiis '1'il
relative p)ressulre rise that occurs ill tile slottei tunnel over
tile forward p)ortionl of thme body is illustratedl at MachRunher 1.120. At zb1=0.90 tlie lpress re lclifferelnces obtained inl
tlie two tuniel conflgguraitiollsare viclleltforsulj~esoliie Naicil
nmbrIfr
1f201tO.78.
0
41
15
NACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNL TEST SECTIONS
(uppefsurface)
0.01
10
.7
.5
.
_0_a.
IS10
circular c
tumel,8footldueter
l2*icheffecriyedometer octagonal transonic slatted tunnel

II
.5 .3
1.0
1
.
11L
i.
__
.L
.o1L'I
.9.....
__
__
iF
L
006
I
7
 I
.5*.......
:
4L .2(b)
Stream Mach number,
FiGunF I1.Cornparisoii of local pressuresq as a function of Machi nuinberfor several Iongitudhial stations along I.333icldiarneter prolato*0
spheroid in thitrainsuo.ottcdItunniel and in a larve closed tunnel.
16
IMPORT 123 1'ATIONAL, ADVISORY COMINMF

N 
FORl AERONAUTICS
uf
200
a.8
I
E5
.5.11.
I.
.3P/
Fa0n 11Cntnud
 8fooldomnete* cic0fcosdfn
.6
.4
17
NACA TRlANSONIC AVINDTUNNEL TEST SECTIONS
.9i
.4
L ,
A_
_2
_________________________________________
18
REPORT 1231NATIONAI,

ADVISORY COMMITTEE FOR AERONAUTICS
9.
1.0
'.
o.r surface)
o.
..
uI
.8
I00
.r
6 .
0
(PI
.8
1.0{

.4
.lo*.r suroc~
2V
i~LF
.8 .6
.
8footdiormter cular closed funnel
slotted tuninel1
12ichefferfiveJL,.mr octagonal lrcrnsor~ic,
*,.
J1
.4
.5
.6
.7
Streamo
Mach nwnber, M0
.8
.9
t0
12
Fiountr 11.Continued.
A,
If0
19
NACA 'ITRANSONIC
WINXDTUNNEI, TEST SECTIONS
to
to
~~~
_8_
9
.9
Q70 (lower surfo
ce)
.7
If
.6
.
J0
47'
71
85
~O.~V
8fooioner circulor closed tunnel
.2
.3
Ai
4
5t(4t*
_ I st
.
6
.7
Streomn
Moc, rnwnber,
&b
Finuime I
Figure 10 presents comparisons similar to those of figure
15 over thle body with wing affixed symmetrically. Again
thle pressure rise over the forward portion of tile body isiiluistrated at Mach itumber 1.120. For further comparison
a test point at a 'Mach numberof 1.200 inthe transonic
slotted tunnel has beeni added. Trho large negative Mach
number gradient exist ing over the rear portion of the body
for this test point (see fig. 10) increases thle pressures beyond
the body stationixt.1= 0.30. T1'li distributions presented are
of necesity limitedbecause, of (lie small number of pressure
orificesin this small body.
Figure 17 presents limited cliordwise (list ribuitions on (lie
NAQA 05010 wing mounted on (ile body. Th'le pressure
differenices indicated for thmetwo tunnel. configurations occur
miainily in the region onf (lie airfoil where (lie local speed of
sound hifts been exceeded. A clearer comparison of these
(differenices caii benoted in thbe individual pressure comparisons in figure 13.
tions alongt(le wing. 'J'ii iportanitlpressuire (lifferenees between the two tuninel conifigiirationis occur nfear a Macli
number of 0,900. These differences may be iore clearly
semi in figure 14.
0~
LUn
.8
.9
10
if
1t2
..Czicluded.
'rue flow p~henomnsla, es viewed by tile schlieren flowvisuialization method, ovcr the 1.3.33inchldiamieter prolate
splieriod, with INACA 05010wing affixedsymmeitrically,
are presentedl throughout the transonic ranlge of thle 12inlcheffectivedianieter octagonal slotted tunntel in figure 19. T1he
schilicren system used necessitated separate exposures for the
frontan(I rear of the test model. T'ie testMacl itnumbers
are therefore not obtained siniult aneously for thle froit, andl
rear port ions oftthe model. Tilhepositionl of (ile wing relative
to (liebody hasbeen indicated by placimigas aeccuratelyas
possible t(lie wing sil houet te onl tlie sclilicen negat ives. TIheise
sebliereni observations were made early iinthe investigation in
order to substantiate further the measured pressures over
(hle body, and no particular attentiomi was given to the photographicimpressions. Consequently, the quality of the resulting photographs is pioor. It is believed, however, that.
these photographstend to portray (ile deovelopment of tile
about (li body andwing is three dimensional and (Ie( interpretation of (tie sclilieren phlotographs is therefore difficult;
however, certainaspects of (lieflow pliemineia are interesting ats well as enllighteming.
20
RIEPORlT 123 INTIONAL, ADVISORY COMMAr'EN FOR AERONAUTICS0
1.0

.5
..
6[


t0
.8I
4
r2ncheffective6ariefer octogonoi tronson~c
sloited tunnel
_ _~
..1
.35
.
Z4
.6
.7
Streorn Moch number,
Mo0
.8
.9
tO0
splicrold, with wing affixed syminctrically,in tlio transonic slotted tunrielandinna large closed tunnel.
12
21
NACA TRANSONIC WV1NDTUNNEI, TEST SECTrIONS
t.0
.
7 .
j~.

~pe$d~)
 A
.3
11

.2
4
1.0*
.7
(P/141
.2
.3
.5
.6
.7
.8
.9
10
We=boMochnfer, MO
Firum0
12otii
3.l
1 3.2
22
RE~PORtT 12,11ATIONALj ADVISORIY COMMITTEE FOR AEMlONNUT1CS
Fi
10.80
(e)~
TJ
1.0
.
A5
L9.
.8
IA
9.A
4
~~
24

*s
.6

~.


XACA
TRANSONMC WINi).TUNNEL
23
TEST SFCTIONS
II01
f:
5liii
1
8
Wrx~e.
~edlunnel
octorx
12;heff
1
Xr
 7
ii
L1..L
__foe
(E0 _
01
4
StreomMoch rnjmbef, MO
Fiouitr 12Contimiied.
24
REaPORT' 123 1ATIOVAIa ADVISORYV
comNirrEI
~
(lowersutfocel
,
.7 5_
.6
6

.3 1
.21
5
.3
0)
.~t~I1II~
. 
.2
.3
INIi
4~
..
__
.50t
J
z3

A4
0.70
FOR AERIONAUTICS
.5
84 fotdoreter ircular closed funnel
Ichefeclivediometer octaonaol
lionsonic sloted urm
.6
.7
.8
.9
I0
_11
I.1
1.2
StreomMachnumber, Mo
Ficut 12.Concluded.
Th'e Ilocal supersonic region over thowing increases as the
streamn Maclh number is increased until the shocks from theo
wing extend beyond the bodyand are visible at A1=0.86
(fgs. 19(a) and 10(b)). Increases in M\ach number concentrate and move the almost twodimiensionalwing shock
rearward (igs. 19(c) amid 19(d)) until at f=0.94 the shock
appears to increase its angle with respect. to a normal to the
flow and to lbe nearly attached totbe wing trailing edlge.
(See figs. 10(e) and 19(0.) A supersonicregion also exists
over the center of the body (fig. 10) andits threedimensional
shock is included in the combined disturbances at the
trailing edge of the wing at Maclh number approximately
0.97 (figs. 10(g) and 19(h)). A comnpression region exists
onl the body slightly forwardof the wing. The following
sudden expansion over the body is noted inthe light regioil
above thie wing iii figures I0(g)anl 19(h).
At Macli number 1.00 a local supersonic region exists
over (lie forward portion of the boidy, followed by an ex.
treinely light, threedimnsional shock (fig. 19(i)), With
further increase in INI'dh number thme
compression region
at the rear of the body (lips. ]9kj), 19(l), 19(n), I9(p), and
19(r)) expands rearwardI and eventually what appears to
be a normnal shock moves off' the taiL. rThe origin of this
disturbance is at present unknown, nor is it known whether
the phenomenon ischaracteristic ofthe body, of the tunlnel
configuration,or of the observational techinique.
For Mlach nutmbers near 1.0the bowv wave for the b~ody
has not appeared in the slieren field (figs. 19(i) and 19(k)).0
At, 'Mach number 1.01 (fig. 19(k)) a weak wing 1)ow wave
appears. As the Machi number is increased to 1.04 (ig.
19(mi)), the wing bowwaveincreatses in intensity. At these
Macli numbers large movements of the bow waves occur
for smrall changes in strean 'Maclh number, amid at 'Maclh
mnmber 1.09 a strong how wave has mnovedl into the field
of view ahead of the body (fig. 19(o)). A strong wing bow
wave is also present in the selilieren field. 'The applarent
abnormnal widthi of thiebow waves is due to threedhimnensional
curvature. The wingbow wavealsopossesses tlireedimlenlsiomial characteristics at thewing Lip)s.
XACA TRtANSONIC WV1NDTUNNEL,
25
TI'ST SECTIONS
(upper
8~
~~oe
8fooldometer cwuloc closed lurl
12lonchelfecivedometee octogonkal
tronsoroc
slotted tunaet
TI
.48
(b)
.1
'
.8
.9
tO
1.
1.2
$Iteoch fyumber,M
FtitI
U. Coniparion of local preamoees
Lw a function of%Maclj number for oercal, ciort~iao
istatuons along tIke 61 1wrcetit senwpla ikof N ACA
65 010 winig allixedl%$nlltricall) on 1.3icbdae
prolate spheroid i tMetramlsoi Blotted tunnel andl in itlargo closed tunlnel.
26
lIMPORtT 123 INATIOXAT
1.
0..l..

8
AD)VISORY COMMITTrEE FORl AELROXAUTIcS
.9 .7k
.70.
. A
t
2L
8fooltrieter cfrculo cloed tunnel
 tanchftetiv
6ntroctgnal
traonic slotted tne
'(UP~si ace)
L L
06
.3
A4
Z5
.
7
Stieoin Mach number,
Mo0
Ficumi:13.Conclttded.
II
NACATRANONICWINDTUNNI,
TST
SCTIOS42
100
10
.8h2
17
9
.8
.6
.3L
bT2~ ~
.6~~1
surtoce)
__(upper
10.319
I
A .2I.Zi
. I I
f



Ii)
footd.Omeer etrculor cloed turtt
12.incheftveorneter
octogtrxet
troasonic
slolled toMC
(upper sufface)
.900
.4.2_
.3
I (b).3
.71
.6
.7
Streom Machnmbter, A40
.9
LO0
1.
Fiut 14.  Conparlsoii of local pressuresias a function of.Micli number for seea pn o ttosalong the 50)percmit cliord of NACA 65010
wing affixed symnmetrically on I.333inehditurieter prolate spheroid In (hw tranlsonic slottol tunnel and i atlatrge closed tinnel.
II
28
IMEPO~RT 1231ATIONAL ADVISORIY
COINMIfl'EF
FORlAERIONAUTICS
3:
10
1000 (1;p)
(P/H)C,
Q*,
5
.5
901 (lower rk)..
.0
12bcheffecivediornetef octogonal tmonsoric
slotted Isrmel
Z.70
0.776
(86
~O
I .3
.3
.2 A
u~rface)
.5
.7
.9
10
'4AD69
1,
29
WACA TRANSONIC WINDTUNNEL TEST SECTIONS
.92


4ootdiometer circular cloud twroell
'VolO500
.84
_
_iI
.762
*
0.
'0
4950
.. 9501
"A
.56
.4
.4
.6
0S
.9
:007
J23
000
30
ltIPORT 123 1NATIONAL ADVISORY COMINUTTE FORl AERONAUTICS
00
78 42J_
.70 C
70
LLA.p
_950
A5
.500
.5.7*
XACA TRANSONIC
81footdiometer
.84
76
31
circulor closed funnel
$jltted funnet
12inchelfectivediomeer oclogonol tronson~c
.88
.80
IIDTUNNYEL TEST SECTIONS
t

_JA.5
.80
VkK
tz~z~zL~tiz~zztzk977
950
Chordwloe stotion/Chord, xl
Fiounr 17.Conpar~on of cliordwiso pressure distributions at 6Ipercent seilspanof IXACA 65010 i1ing
affixed symmetrically on 1.333inchdiameter p~rolate spheroid, for several Mach numbers in tho transonic octagonal slotted timnel and in a largo
closed tunnel.
32
IIMPORT 1231NATIONAL
.86
ADVISORY COMMITTE
FOIl AFRIONAUTICS
8fooldoee citctc' closed tunnel
,86
.......
12;ncheffectied6ometef
octaonal fronsoni sloted funnel '
'
.781i
_74
,i
it
.70
g
..........
ii
.6
.4.
1%77
.34
.......
.
. Solo
..
o,./  tolo/ei
.I
.2
.3
A4
.5
.6
.7
I.0
Sponse sttn/enspn
Fivun
I 8Comparison of spains%6 pressure distributions At50 percent cIhord ofNACA 65 010 v ing affixed symmetrically on 1.333inchdianeter
prolato spheroid for several Mlach iumbersin the transonic octagonal slottedtunnel and In a large closed titel.
O,
(a) Moz
0.86.
(b) M 0 0O.86.
F tt1 ii 
1)71
(C) M0 :0.88.
(d)No0 08
. 9
(e)M0 0,94.
(M M0: 0.94.
li I' of I.I'm Mwim.~imna. ,%tr I
tiv~Iamb
r mi I 2incho
oi ai
.~juti
r 1w i.
*ro*jinhI
rf
.pII.rtom mib wmu a.imF\ t1 x%imn ttrtiIM
goiial tr.oki
ttvi7
*
(itr nti~reajujg Xhub
mmoIjit I
31
Utiln
1,1:1NA'rIONA
hIx COM17.A
oI I r
1 4 1i %IxuRxNIc.
(g) M 0O.9z.
(h) Af~O0.98.
(k) M0 : 1.01.
(1)Af0: 1.01.
I)
(in)
(n)MO=I.03.
M1
0 : 1,04.
" "
(P)MO= 1.06.
(o)M0 :I.09.
0:I
Fi.
(.ll
Ili2.l
IMPOT 121NOMMI
ONALMATIRY
J, 11t LMOV11,ri1
(S)
I)V~.oll'
vro.'~I.
I2~1
'
nl~aoat'
Mol.
14
llOAII
lr.Itl
(t) No 1.2 1
1'Oill'i 19
At .11
LI.2
tIh I
altiippnut'iit
Z9
VV, OI
Il*(
Imel
of the b~o%
1iialapieo,
'etiie
igl.
lIlt'
I il 41f t.
ain
Ile Il I vtlIIeIi Iuk%
oditlie
hue
Ilkagla
altev'tt lul
vuIvatla e a I tli, e ar of tlhe N Ive'
liolv eviieeaoe of 'Ilaotk wieleet ion ott'uN,
A 1/ 1.11 Ow
iolad till,"4ellettioll 11i11tt1u to tii Iut' flu t poal lti die
liitethiiiivlll Io %%11e ibt'lf. iii Ilit'l Ihalt ft thu diW
Itolio (iaf lie "aill i f1loi l o t '"".""ig at'"l
SOIl(it
Itave mithIa
of fil. ltot~ bO%%
fig. 19()). Thle ltlte'ednt''
thelit illivelli wiaidow, is again aioted behindut thle bow wa t't'
Th i nttgbow wavvly appea" to miove foiwaa d. pa obttbly on
ad itaaiiht' glradient 1tOt'tl ia:1
leol1t Of OWlen'ga liVe MIR1
ilite di~ta jlaa olus \Vitl the slot ted tuiaaael emplhty Ifig 1111
('tetattt'I
At IIIIIll
illt
tile
paolnbibv aat
dillet'tialt'at rtaaalmtl
I ho.t' obtainted ill
for
=

Ii6)
otainued
il
te
is MucIhri li11laltt
hotl slta ioai ni t11
te Sfoot tilliait't t'etlositl tuilliel frl
I2invti~ldillilletea' slottttd tiaaaiu'l
wet
ei et'stttivt' of (Ilie Matla1 1111lllbea'
'iu' ra tios5 (fig.
ait t
of thet 0.301
blm'is foa volipili alil ttiatI, to ,ix v' pm%0
I 11aiiM0iiav
ilelilt'
td 11111
foi
Itl40
li
toot
Ililgi
(1 Auiithik
a11
Iaulge beta ua~t',ftali tkVCOloel I Willd ItI~ OIJk'i
shlatel 11111a1
x(v1wil
o. Ilit eireetike (eI t'elit
'aa
v)be taiaploved,
%%
outali1 1o1111allv
V bet It 4 MIIC([t
uppe
t
ltltpa tIeaI III ilt %a
lit ilieil
'F AIV
0 throait tliolagl t hu
t, (lie pi 011(11 of opel a (oll of "il
ti'
idibul 10 aa aae. anld lao p~artittai t'rl~t 1i ll bt11
i
M
a
i114ttP to obtaaa 1)1)1illmial j)o\%tr peaforaiaaaue1e.
~
42
f

38
~nre
'ee
334
exilggeate thvs el'eet
lihe ju teulang wivt* awlay 216~o
At .11 A.21I and 1.22: the' bowvwvJ' t'(iglatioll allead
of the model ]IIas beenl tleiiltt'v t'stalilled. followed by,
t.il opo~)0ilig s'lliea'eaa tjildows (fig,*,
t it, 'lttit ii llt'
 wilig 1)ovw tti ' ill Iigltaes 19(t) antd
MI1t) atnd 19 (ta .'Il
intdicattetd. site tilhe
t'~tiitest'
'
.
.,.
307
I*
T
44
2 &6
Q2
twle V'ele
2.cln~onc
if
rk
1i8
..
'
ra' o to 'ItiC~~~trcocOise
'21 ilbi ~uatt . kypoal lhor~vpowi
1 a~Fgurv
12.iI tlae'rettI i vediaanIletIea t~i11 a0lic ;lot tttl lllilleIt'I
to1______________________________________________
T3
i2
ii
t0
9
8
7
5
C
4
t 3
iaael. 'Thit I2illt'Ihii anttt't
(te I2imoh il itll't'a opet'l
~
d'osedl t111110 Operatinig saipt'rsoiitallyv WithI st ilaiglat \Vlll~rer
ratio
uuu,ai
itmtimi of Machi oiuuiiur
h t i.
t. 20 'l~ ptcaI lwrurnv' umr
tivcagealte ik w15(1u it baise Whetreby Jill intdication of a 1t'htVI
ittwrlt~,
m
for 4u,wd idit )pviIiutu
Il(iletto ' ill tlit ol)t'li tand slotu' tltoaifigtlii tlioli is otibiillitt
XACA *rRANsONIC WINDTUNNEL TFST ISECTIONS
GENERAL DISCUSSION
Inumber
mstiay he seen fromt figure 0, the principal prediction of
thie Subsonic theory, inl regard to mniniiza tion of thie interference dlie to coiist rictiont of thie tunnel Wallis by meaing of
thie circular 10slot tuone with oneeighthi of the totalperiphery open, has heenk realiz.ed with lte largo 3.5inchdiameter body. Tile 'Macli numbter to which the slot tedl
tunnel canilbe sattisfactorily operatedis much greater thanl
thie choking Maclh number in lte closed tunael. As seen inl
figure 7, thie pressures a(Ithle center of the boudy appear to be
apiproximately correct. till to thie highest Match nun11)ier
obtuiiiied. With regard to thie complete distribuutio ove
tis large body,, however, the slot ted tunniel appears les
so tisfiictory. As seenl in figure 8, atdistortion of the piressurme
diligmanti Occurs, byv which tlit. pressures over thie foraini
Imitiomi of tit,, hoil are increased and those over thet rear of
the body aire decre ased. Th'lis distortion canmiot be (lite to at
pressure gravliemit iii time empty (tuniel hecTause thle piressure
wvas essentially uniform over the test. sveedon. The subsonic
theory based[ Oil potential flow about, a symumetrical body'
cannomt indicate anyv such aisvinnietrical distortiov. The;(
distortioni indicated can lie at result of too much out flow
throuigh thieforwaid portion of t(lie slots anld miiy he idim to
intrac
beweeio th lage odyamltheslots ill thle
37
gradients inl this legion, since fo, Malsupersonic
r'
lalnumbers
less than 1.2 in thie 8foot tunnel, the modelI
wits tested inl atpositive Mach nunih11er gradient of ahout
0.3orthlegh ftemdl, hreintb lt cl
tnmh, atnegative gradient, somietimies existed. IU.the flow~
overthe rear of theio
molei were critical, large ditferences inl
pressure might, therefore exist. Similar differences might
occr because of thle Reynlolds numnher and turbulence
differen ces inl the two tunnels. Onl the ohfer hand, the
op~erat ion of thle Slot ted(lunel ma11y
be such as' to exert an1.,1
in1terference effect over the real of thle muodel.
ile geometric design of the originid ci rci iti slot ted tunnemml
was Intended to represent thie boundary conditions assumed
inl the theory. The geometric mnininmm occurred two inches
ahi'ail of the upst relim end of the slots, anld thle divergence
downst ream throughthe test. sectioni wasonly sufficient to
coipmisate for thie boundary layer that would be developed
il it closed tunnel. The ent lanco lip) at the upst ream eniis
of thie Slots was m11ae sharp so as to insure ecl separatIion
of theiflow tit this point. (See fig. 4 (n).) The edges of the
slots Were rounded and the mnaterial tielindl the solid port ions
wits cull away from behind thie slots to insure constant
potential tit lie slot posit ions (fig. 4(b)). Theluse last two
refinuemnents Wert not aldhered to inl designling (t(eOctagonal
presence of thle tunniel boundarly layer. With 11smaller
model, therefore, the distoit ion should be reduced; anch W~illi
thie 1~.33inclidianeter body, which Wits less t him half
the sizie of thie moidel used in thie prelinmary tests, this (us(oction ill the subsonmic range was not. aippa rent. (See fig.
15~.) With regard to angular variations, pressures ilielislre(I
at various iimgular stationis around tlie cenuter of t(lie large
boils showed iio detectable variations (lime to thie slots.
Wit i ~lacl
~er mimbes
tan miliy, he fac nuber
(listrilm tiomi ill tile test. sect ion of Idhe t ranisonic slot ted w~indh
tuinel is (litle satisfactorily unuforn, asmay lie seen for the
Wlli andl(centerline posi t ion s from figures 5 iind 10. With
atM ach Illmbler greater than unity, thie (list ribii t iok herolies
progressively less satisfactory as thle Miachl11immnhiem
Is Ill
creased, lfip to a Macli nimmh1er of 1.1, however thie variatiolis tire lntgreater t han mnight. be expected ill at closed
imimmel,
atconclusion thiit, has been simbstamitiat ed by sebllieren
observatiolis, which show no sharp dlisturbanlces ink the
flow. Thle slottledtuin presents the great adviintage thattile suilerollie Macli numbher may be chaniged simply bY
vairyinig the power iniput, to thle tunnel.
As seen inl figures I I to 18, models may lie tested in tile
slot ted tunnel (fig. 4(c)). Otherwise the characteristics of
thslttutnel
rg'ninabeI.Teetscio
was iade long, both because a large body~ for which the in terference 1ollilbe apprecialble, wats to be tested it ml becaluse
the theory assumed anl infinlitely long ylimidrical test sect ion.
Thet size of the tank wes governeid by consideration of space
availale~ al lv probable initerferenice effects. Dowvnstream of the slotted test section, a slot ted ifruser portion
faired inito thle efruser hbell lit its junektllr0 With the soliid
(lfusr At this point, the crosssectionalarea was iiboiit
20 piercent groatter thlan thle uphstreamniIniiniuli area.
[le area ratio betweenu downstream amid upst ream closed
sections niay be somewhatt too large bilt experience has inch cated that, thke highest. sulpersonic Mfacli numuber obltiled
dlepends onl this ratio. Wit lliusollic operation, too 8sn1iil1
""i area ratiq results ill tunnel choking at lte downst ream
effective iniiiiinn before It Mitch number of unity has beeni
olaiticil ill thle test section.
rhe power required (see fig. 20) would he less with at
shorter slotted test, sectionl. Withi somewhat Wider slots
thanl those uised in the tests repiorted herein, essentially Open
tumliel Opierationi could lie Obtained, at least, for sulbsollic
tranlsoic slotted tunniel thi ougliout the range of Macli
Matcli numbers, wit Ii a considerabile reduction of power ats
been eliminated, afact that has been confirnitt kvbselilieren
Of t0mP
samle lenigthu. The piower also (dependsupon _1
tlle ratio
of the area at the beginning of lte closedi diffuser to that, of
the lupstream muinilmlin. 'It. appears desirable to shorten the
slotted test sectionk ill order to reduce thepower. Sulch a
nModificat ion may have practical limits Withi supersonic
oe01pAtioP, beceukseacrtaiu test section length irarccjircd
for tile flow to settle out. into at fairly uniform Maclh nuimbei
(list ribiti(on. (Sec fig. 10.)
Th'lis ilivestigatiomi hag (demonustratedl tile possibility of
reducing the solidbloekiigc interference and(1climniatiiig the
photographs (fig. 19), whlich show progressive changes about
the( whole mnoidel thuroiughiout thie transonic range. Over
c11051
of the mod0(elsurfaice thmecorrectness ofthe pressures,
us, indiicated liy compaurisoni with results fronti the 8foot.
t~u~mPI,~failysatsfctoy.Tile reli vehireesueincren~
ovei the forward portion of the bodyatMach umnbers above
1.08 is believedtobe (lite to some type of tunnlelwall utlterference. The disagreement with the 8foottunnel results
ait the tail of the mnlouel 1m113
lie (lite to the difference ill Macli
38
MEORT 1231NATIONAL ADVISORY COM1M1ITEN FORl AERlONAUTICS00
choking limitations of conventional wind tunnels. It therefore appears possible not only to test models larger thani
those usually empjloyed l it windl tunnel of given sizeo but
also to cover a nearunity test Maclh naumber range not heretoforo practicable inl wind tunnels. Ftirtheradvanitagczs inlchide p)owe'r consumption consiileraly less than that re
thie two sets of data, appear' to occur, but reasoniably good
agreement is obtained over most of thle model surfac~e
Ca.Theo transonic operation of this type of test section
requires further experinientattion and analysis before design,
canl 1) undertaken with certainty of complete adequacy.
Particuilarlyatre data requiredl for models of large lift. Tile
the Maclh number at supersonic as well as subsonic speeds
inerely by varying tile piower. Thto practical realization of
these advant(ages depends oi thie future dlevelopament of thle
slotted winld tumanlel.
power performance also require further study.
IJANOLEW FIELD, VA., Juno1 20,
CONCLUSIONS
On (lie basis of thie (data,herein reported, thle following
conclusions are believed justified:
1. The interference due to solid blockage inl awinl tunnel
operating at subsonic speedls canl be minimized by meanis of
aitslttedtestsecton.2.
sottd tet Scti~l.
2. The closedtumunel choking limitation cainbe elinminated
bvIleanls of theslotted test sectionl.
3. A slottedl wind innuel call le opieratedltat low supersonic
sp~eedls merely by increasing tile powe~r, andl thle supersonic
ontiumosly ~' var~imagdac
mnnibe caui
I~hwli vaied
Alah nmbe
e vrle
cll
cntiuouly
aryng
he
powe~r.
4. Test regions witha satisfactorily uniform Match naumnber
dlistribiutioni canl be obtained ili tile slotted test section at all
sumbsoic speeds anal at sumpersonmic Mauch numbers up toat
leaust I. I.
frota tsts f ~
ilatatolittine
5. Pessue~ditrilmtio
tets f a
0. resuredisribtio
dait btanedfro
alonlliftilag bodyv inia slotted test section with the ratioofcaosssectionmal areaof tle liouto crosssectionalarva of time
tumnnel of 0.0123 show good agreement, up toMach nuanbers
tme exeedng
ritcau, wih tattm fr t~e sme ody
somelma
soliewatexcedi.thecriicl,
LJANOi.ay AtnovAUrICAr. TkAnovRomi,
N.ATmONAi, Avimsouf Co~umintrE FR
ithdait or hesaio bdy
obtained from tests inl at closedtunncl for which time correspendling arearatio is 0.00019. For high Maclh nunmbers
iuldiaig passagethroughi 'Mact nulmbler 1.0, divergenceCszOf
AmtoNAc'rmCS,
1055.
REFERtENCES
1. Churchill, ltuclV.. Modern Op~cratioaaal 'Matheumatics in Eaagiaaecr.
iag. 'McGrawHill Milk Co., Inc., 1911; pp. 272274.00
v, itarnantlf, A.: Tunnael Correction for Compressible Stilb~sanic Flow.
NACA'rM 1162, 1917.
3. Gray, Andrew, 'Ma(lacws,G. It., anad MNacRobert, '1.M..:
ATrcati~e
onl Btesel Fit tc Iions andTneir Applications to Physics. Second
ed., Mncaailln & Co.,Ltd., 1931.
4).Wat.,au, G. IN. A T1rcai1o onl thle Theory of Besel Functions.
Second eid., Titoe Macmllhan Co., 1914, p. 172.00
5. lWiesel~lerger, Carl: Oiber dena Hinflaass der WilaaikanaallbegroaaZlag
asaf denWideretaad iaasbesoaaatre ian]trelche der koaapressiblma
Stromng. lDaiftalartfoa'schaaag, liad. 19, Mg. I1,Maly1, 1942,
pap.124128.
aaaaGardner, Clifford S.; Stuaay bkytlaePrauadl.
lauarrt Aetlaod of Comaapressibality Efftects anal Critacal Muach
Various Aspect liatlos anad Thlickaaess
Ellipsolalsof
Numboerfor
Ratios. NACA TX 1792, 1949. (Supermcals INACA 11M
1,7113a.)
7. Matlews, Clarenace W;; Pressumre Dist risutioma Over at WingFuaselage Model at Macla Nuaaahrs of 04 to 0.99 anad at 1.2.
NACA1tM 1,81100, 1018.
8. Cliapaaaa, D)eal, it., amad1'eckima, Edtward W.; Ex~perimntal Illveitigatieaa of tiac Effectsof Visco',ity oaattao Dragof Bodies of
Revolution at a Macla Nuimber of 1.5. XACA Rep. 1030, 1951.
(Saap rseaes NACA IM AA31In.)
0. Iless, Rtobert V.,
PAIIRC1
V.S GQV1flXWNT
Mlsh