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Preferred Clinical Abbreviation List

V1.6 (27 February 2013)

or when primary care notes are transferred between practices as patients move. . using them can represent a hazard to the patient if the abbreviation is misinterpreted. However.Preferred Clinical Abbreviation List 27 February 2013 v1. locums and other specialities. since some abbreviations can have multiple meanings. this document acts as a list of approved abbreviations which can be used in interagency communications. or are only used regularly within one speciality. It will also provide patients with a dictionary of medical abbreviations helping them to understand medical records and correspondence. However. it is also useful for writing patient notes to assist trainees. it is accepted that they are commonly used in medical communications. Abbreviations not included in this document should be written in full in correspondence between agencies. Whilst writing information in full will always be preferred as the best way to avoid ambiguity. Dr Jonathan Harness On behalf of Gateshead Information Network. As a means of promoting the accurate transfer of information between professionals and striking a practical balance.6 Introduction Abbreviations have a long tradition in medicine and used correctly can assist in the rapid communication of information about a patient. The most obvious use of such a directory will be the transfer of information between primary and secondary care.

Abbreviation /7 /52 /40 /12 + / ++ / +++ = AAA ABG ACEI ACL A/E A&E AF ARB ASD AXR bd/bid BCC BFZ BMI BNO BO BP DBP SBP CABG/S or CAG/S CCB CFS CHD CNS C/o (COAD) COCP COPD Cr CSU CT CTG CVA Translation Days Weeks Weeks Gestation Months Present or Noted / Present Significantly / Present in Excess Equivalent to Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Arterial Blood Gas also "Sats" Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor Anterior Cruciate Ligament Air Entry to Lungs Accident and Emergency Atrial Fibrillation Angiotensin Receptor Blocker Atrial Septal Defect Abdominal X-Ray Twice a Day Basal Cell Carcinoma Bendroflumethiazide Body Mass Index Bowels Not Opened Bowels Open Blood Pressure Diastolic Blood Pressure Systolic Blood Pressure Coronary Artery (Bypass) Graft/Surgery Calcium Channel Blocker Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Coronary Heart Disease Central Nervous System Complains of Chronic Obstructive Airways Disease (COPD preferred) Combined Oral Contraceptive Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Creatinine Catheter specimen of urine Computerised Axial Tomography Cardiotocograph Cerebrovascular Accident .

PIP DLE DM DNA DNAR DVT DXT ECG EEG ENT EPAU ESR FBC FBG F/H or FH FHH/R FRH FROM FTND GCS GI or GIT GORD GUT or GUS GUM Hb HI HNPU HR HS Ht Hx IBD IBS IGT Cardiovascular Disease Cardiovascular System Cervix Chest X-ray Diarrhoea and Vomiting Drug History Dorsal/proximal interphalangeal joints Discoid Lupus Erythematosus Diabetes Mellitus Did Not Attend Do Not Attempt Resuscitation Deep Vein Thrombosis Deep X-ray Treatment Electrocardiograph Electroencephalogram Ear.CVD CVS CX or Cx CXR D&V D/H DIP. Nose & Throat Early Pregnancy Assessment Unit Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate Full Blood Count Fasting Blood Glucose Family History Foetal Heart Heard/Regular Freeman Road Hospital Full Range of Movement Full Term Normal Delivery Glasgow Coma Scale Gastro Intestinal/Tract Gastro-Oesophageal Reflux Disease Genito Urinary Tract/ System Genito-Urinary Medicine Haemoglobin Head Injury Has Not Passed Urine Heart Rate Heart Sounds Height History (of complaint) Irritable Bowel Disease Inflammatory Bowel Syndrome Impaired Glucose Tolerance .

Ureters. Bladder (xray) Liver Function Test Left Iliac Fossa Left Inguinal Hernia Loss of Consciousness Lymph Node Lumbar puncture Left or Right Inguinal Hernia Lower (Uterine) Segment Caesarean section Left Upper Quadrant Left Ventricular Diastolic Dysfunction Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction In the Morning Medical Admissions Unit Mean Corpuscular Volume Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (Chronic Fatigue Syndrome preferred) Metastases Myocardial infarction (NSTEMI or STEMI preferred) Magnetic Resonance Imaging Multiple Sclerosis (Write in full: Mitral Stenosis) Musculo-Skeletal System Mental State Examination Mid-Stream Urine Sample (for culture and sensitivity) Methotrexate Sodium Nothing Abnormal Discovered No Bone Injury At Night Non ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction Nausea & Vomiting .IGTN IMB IOP IUCD IUD IUS IVP Ix JVP K+ KUB LFT LIF LIH LOC LN LP L/R/ IH LSCS LUQ LVDD LVSD Mane MAU MCV ME MET/S MI MRI MS MSK MSE MSU MTX Na+ NAD NBI Nocte NSTEMI N&V In Growing Toenail Intermenstrual Bleeding Intra-ocular Pressure Intra-uterine contraceptive device Intra-uterine death Intra-uterine system Intravenous Pyelogram Investigations Jugular Venous Pressure Potassium Kidneys.

OA o. O/E OGD OGTT on om OM ORIF otc P PAD PCB PE PERLA PF / PEFR Plt PM PMB PMH also PHx PND PO POP PR PRN PTCA PTSD PU PV PVD qds (or) qid QEH Resp / RR RA RDS RIF RIH R/LIF RS RSI Osteoarthritis Once a Day On Examination Oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy Oral Glucose Tolerance Test At Night (when written next to medication dosing only) In the Morning (when written next to medication dosing only) Otitis Media Open Reduction and Internal Fixation (of fracture) Over the counter (bought medication) Pulse Peripheral Arterial Disease Post Coital Bleeding Pulmonary Embolism Pupils equal and reacting to light and accommodation Peak Flow / peak expiratory flow rate Platelets Post mortem examination Post menstrual Bleeding Previous Medical History Paroxysmal Nocturnal Dyspnoea Per Orim (by mouth) Progesterone Only Pill Per Rectum As Required Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Peptic Ulcer OR Passed urine Per Vagina Peripheral Vascular Disease Four times a day Queen Elizabeth Hospital Respiration (Rate) Rheumatoid Arthritis Respiratory Distress Syndrome Right Iliac Fossa Right Inguinal Hernia Right/Left Iliacfossa Respiratory System Repetitive Strain Injury .d.

RTC is the preferred term.Road Traffic Accident (write renal tubular acidosis in full) Note that whilst Road traffic accident is in common use. RTC Road Traffic Crash RUQ Right Upper Quadrant RVI Royal Victoria Infirmary Rx Prescription or Treatment SBG Serum Blood Glucose SLR Straight Leg Raising SMR Submucosal Resection SOB Short of Breath SR Sinus rhythm SRH Sunderland Royal Hospital Stat Immediately STD Sexually Transmitted Disease STEMI ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction STI Sexually Transmitted Infection SVD Spontaneous Vertex Delivery Sx Symptoms SkXR Skull X-ray T Temperature TATT Tired all the Time TB Tuberculosis TCI To come in-date or fact that a person is due to be admitted to hospital tds (or) tid Three Times a Day TFTs Thyroid Function Test THR Total Hip Replacement TIA Transient Ischaemic Attack TKR Total Knee Replacement TM Tympanic Membrane TOP (MTOP/STOP) Termination of pregnancy (Medical ~ / Surgical~) TShR Total Shoulder Replacement TURP/T Transurethral resection of Prostate / (Bladder) Tumour UC Ulcerative Colitis U&Es Urea and Electrolytes USS Ultra Sound Scan UTI Urinary Tract Infection VF Ventricular Fibrillation (RTA) VT VTE Ventricular Tachycardia Venous Thromboembolism .

Write in full Congestive cardiac (heart) failure. However. Ambiguous. Write in full Ambiguous: could refer to Mitral incompetence or Myocardial infarction. (Depending on EMIS settings may display either as # or as £) Ambiguous: could refer to Aortic Regurgitation or Aortic valve AR replacement. Write in full. Use of more precise LVSD / LVDD is CCF / CHF / HF preferred. Mitral stenosis should be written in full.wbc Wd Wt White Blood Cell Count Ward Weight NON-PREFERRED ABBREVIATION LIST Fracture. Should be written in full. and write Mitral Incompetence Ambiguous: could refer to Multiple Sclerosis or Mitral Stenosis. Ca Ambiguous: could refer to Carcinoma or calcium. Write in full Ambiguous could refer to Renal (Kidney) Function tests OR RFT Respiratory Function tests. CCF may be used. Write in full Ambiguous: could refer to Abdominal System or Aortic Stenosis. Write in AS full BS Ambiguous: could refer to Bowel sounds or breath sounds. However. ED Write in full GU Ambiguous: could refer to Genito-urinary or Gastric ulcer. Ideally write in full or use STEMI or NSTEMI. Could refer to Pelvic Inflammatory Disease OR PID Prolapsed Intervertebral Disc. UNITS OF MEASURE km / m / cm / mm kg / g / mg / microg /pg L / mL / microL / pL mmHg kilometre / metre / centimetre / millimetre Kilogramme / gramme / milligramme / microgramme / picogramme note: μg or mcg are not approved Litre / millilitre / microlitre / picolitre Note: μL is not approved for measurement of blood pressure . so may be used for MI Myocardial Infarction. accepted for use as multiple sclerosis. MI in regular use by all specialities. However. Use NBI for non-bony injury and STD for sexually transmitted disease. VE Ambiguous: could refer to vaginal examination or ventricular ectopic. Ambiguous: could refer to Erectile Dysfunction or Emergency Department. MS MS is widely used by public for Multiple Sclerosis. # should not be used within EMIS. May be written on hand written discharge letters. Therefore. Write in full R/L Right and left should be written in full Ambiguous: could refer to soft tissue injury OR sexually transmitted STI illness. If diagnosis uncertain.

Gateshead Clinical Commissioning Group. . imperial measurements should not be used: ft / in / st / lb / oz Feet / inches / stones / pounds / ounces note: ‘miles' should be written in full Acknowledgements: the abbreviations list is based in part on the RCGP abbreviation list.) Preferred Abbreviation List Date of Publication: 27 February 2013 Version: 1.4]: • IOP Intraocular pressure added Amendments [v1. Except to record what patients have reported.units international units. Do not write iu.5] • Front page added.2] (following consultation with GPs and QEH): • AS removed felt to be too ambiguous • MCL removed felt not to be in common use • mmHG changed to mmHg • Ca removed felt to be too ambiguous • Cr added • Na+ added • K+ added • Plt added • VTE added • AoR removed: felt to be too ambiguous • AMI changed to MI Amendments [v1. variations have been made to reflect local use (both to remove and add abbreviations.6 (Draft) Author: Dr Jonathan Harness Review Due: 27 February 2015 Version Control Amendments [v1.6] • RTC added and note added to RTA that RTC is preferred term • ED added to non-preferred list since ambiguous • SRI amended to SRH • CTG added • TOP amended with MTOP and STOP qualifiers • IBD added © 2013. This document may be freely distributed and copied within the NHS. However. amendment to introduction Amendments [v1. It may not be used for non-NHS or commercial purposes without prior written consent.

Cover photo: © 2012 J Harness .