You are on page 1of 43

USEOF LOGBOOK

of this logbookis the


1 . Propermaintenance
lt is an important
owne/s responsibility.
recorddesignedfor the ownedsinformation
and protection.
2 . lf the propelleris soldor installedon anotheraircraft,the logbookshouldbe transferredwiththe proPeller.
rethatthe maintenance
3 . It is recommended
leasetags and work ordersbe attached
insidethe backcoverof this book.lf a copy
the repair
of the workorderis not available,
stationand workordernumbersshouldbe
referenced
in the logbookentry.
ServiceBulleDirectives,
4 . All Airworthiness
tins,and ServiceLettershavebeencompliedwith at the timeof production.

instructions
for the
provides
andmaintenance
operation,
installation,
Thismanual
namufactured
by
speedpropellers
constant
C200andC400seriesthreadless,
Propeller
Systems.
McCauley
SYstems
ilcCauleyPropeller
P.O.Box7704
KS67277
wtcH|TA,
SalesandMarketing
Product
SuppottlEngineering
AllDepailments
FaxNumber

316'8314021
316'8314021
(7767)
800.621.PROP
31S831.3858

page i
July/00

McCauley
Propgller
Systems

Revision
Number

paggll

July/00

Revised
Pages

of Revislon
Descrlption

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPO11

Tableof Contents
Paoe Number

Toofc
Sectlon 1 . lntroductlon
1. Introduction

1-',!

Sectlon 2 - Addltlonal ReferonceMalerlals


1. AddltionalRefarenceMaterlals

2-1

and OperatlngPrlnclples
Sectlon3 - PropetlerSystemOescrtptlon
Oescrlptlon
1. PropellerComponent
2. PropellerModelDeslgnatlon
3. OperatingPdnclples
4. OverhaulRequirmonts

3-l
3-2
3.4
3-6

Sectlon 4 . Propeller Fleld MalntenancePractlces


1. PropellerandSplnnerRemovalandlnstrallaUon
2. BladeMalntnance
3, PropellerSflke
4. PropllerIntemalLubrlcatlon
5. DelceMalntenance
6. Cleaning

4-1
4-5
4-10
4-13
4-13
4-14

Ssctlon.5 . PropellerPerlodlc InspectlonPractlcos


1. PropellerPerlodlcInspection

5-1

Sectlon 6 . Troubleshootlng
1. Typesof ProblemsNormallyEncounterecl

6.1

Sectlon 7 . PropellorAlnrorthlness Llmltatlons


1. ServiceLlfe
2. lnspection
3, LogBook

7-1
7-1
7-1

Listof lllustratlons
Flqure Number
3-1
4-1
4-1
6-1

Floure Tltle
Ol00 SerlesCutaway
FleldBladeReworkCrlterla(1 of 2)
FleldBladeReworkCrlterla(2 ot 21
Adjustmentof GovrnorStop Scrw

Paoe Number
3-5
4-o
4-l
6-5
pagelll
July/00

THISPAGEINTENTIONALLY
LEFTBI.AT{K

Systems
Propeller
McCauley
MPC11
Sectlon1

SECTION1 . INTRODUCTION
1,

Introductlon
troubleshooUng,
and
operation,
Thlsoperato/s
manualprovldes
Installatlon,
These
forhe C200andC400serlespropellers.
llnemaintenance
Instruotions
by McCauley
Propeller
Systems;
constant
aremanufactured
speedpropellers
Vandalla,
Ohlo,USA.

NOTE:

The propellermodelnumberls stampedon the propellerhub and


ls referencedon all publlshedseMce lnformatlon.The propeller
part numberlsreferencedon decalon cyllnder,ln gals
documntssuchas the McCauleyPrlceLlst and is usedfor
propellerorderlngpurposeg.

The purposeof thls manualls to famlliarlzeownersand operatorswith the


of the propeller.All
outstandlng
deslgnfeaturesand operatngcharacteristics
maintsnan@and seMco prooaduresauthorlzedby thls manualshouldbe
performedonly by quallfiedpsrsonnel.
Overhauland Intemalpropellerrepalroperatlons,when required,shouldbe
undrtakenonly by authorlzedand quallfiedpropellershops,and In accprpropeller
In the approprlate.McCauley
dancewlth the instrucUons
contrained
overhaulmanual.
NOIE:

publlshedin this manualls cunentat the time of


All InformaUon
printing, lt ls subJectto changethroughrevislonsor otherservice
Information.

page1-l
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MP?r'l'l
Sectlon2

MATERIALS
2 . ADDITIONAL
REFERENCE
SECTION
1.

AddltlonalReferenceMaterlals
onthlsandother
Informatlon
Thefollowlng
documents
contaln
additlonal
McCauleypropellers.Thesedocumentsmay be usedas a rsference
or repalrs.tothe propeller'
wheneverprformlngoverhaul,malntnance
A.

McCauleyOverhaul Manualc- lncludeoverhaullnstructlonsand


partsllsts. lt alsoprovldesmlnlmumallowablewldthandfilc,knessdata
for blades, lntendedtor useby approvedpmpellerrepairstatlonsonly.

B.

McCauleyPropeller and De.lce Sptem lnctallatlon Llst (MPG'5)


- congolldatestnfomatlon publlshedIn FAI/CM alrcrafrtype certlficat
datasheetswith regardto propeller,splnner,delcesystems'and
gowmor Installatlonson varlougalrcraft. Not to be used ln placa of
FAflCM alrcraft type certllicate.

G.

Mccauley Servlce Bulletlns - lssuedto advlseof propellerdeslgn


changesthat should be Incorporated,to prwide proceduresfor
conctlngproblemsthal havedevlopedIn the lleld,and for other
lmportantInformatlon.

D.

such as
McGauleyServlce Lefierll - lssuedto provldeInformaUon
mlnor
Informatlon,
unnantyreplacemsntpolld, partsat/allablllty
lnstructlons.
modlflcaUons,
and othersupplomontal
FMTCAA Alrcraft Type Certlflcate Data Shetr - Provldepropeller
model,dlameter,and bladeanglesettngsapprovedfor a speclllc
alrcraftmodel.
FM/CAA Propeller Type Carilflcal Data Sheet - providesgenral
approvaldatafor propellermodels.
FAA Advlsory Clrcular 43.13-lA - providesgeneralaccePtabl
malntenanceproceduresfor propellers.
FAA FAR43, AppendlxA - definesdifferencesbetweenmlnorand
maJorpropellerrepairs(maJorrepaln may be performedonlyby an
approvedpropellerrepairstraUon).
Alrcraft Manufacturefs MalntenanceManual - ,n addluonto
provtdlngmucltof the Informatlon
In thlgmanual,the alrcraft
contralned
malntsnanco
manualcontalnsaddltionalpropllersystgminformauon
speciflcto a partlcularalrcraftappllcatlon.

page2-l
July/00

Systems
Propller
McCauley
MPO11
3
Sctlon

SYSTEMDESCRIPTION
3. PROPELLER
SECTTON
PRINCIPLES
AND OPERATING
1.

PropellerComponentDescrlptlon
plston
propeller
blades,
propeller
ofa hubassembly,
conslsts
TheMccauley
and cyllnderassembly,and splnnerassembly.
Include:electrlcallyheatedrubber
lf propellerdelcels Installedthe componentg
bootg,delcehamesses,a slip rtngassembly,a delcetlmer,and a brushblock
assembly.The brushblock,dlchamesses,and sllp rlng assemblyconduct
elEctrtcaipowerto the propellerbladedelcebootelementswttlchthen heatto
removelce fromthe propellerblades.
The followlngls a breakdownol eachof lhEsepropellerassemblyand delce
componsnts:
A.

Propeller Hub AssemblY


The propellerhub ls a slngleplece,hollowassemblyincorporatlng
propelleibladesockets. The propellerbladesocketsare o-rlngsealed
to prevntleakage.The rear hub face has threadedstudsor boltsfor
attachmntand dowels for allgnment. Thls ensurespropermountlngto
th nglneproptlrshaftflang. The cyllnderls mountedto th hub
face uslngscrewsand ls sealedto preventleakage.

B.

Propeller Blades
bladesare madeof solidforgedalumlnum.A set of spllt
The propEller
retalners(lnsldehub)secureseachbladeIn the hub at the propeller
bladesockots. Each bladerotatesaboutlts axls on a beartngassembly
to the otherblades.The
dudngpltchchangeand ts match'balancad
propetlerassemblyis stratlcbalancedas well, usingbalancewelghts
mountedwlth screwsto the cytlnderbalancering. An actuatingpln
assemblyls securedto the bladebutt of eachblade(insidehub)by
sqews. The actuatingpin is drlvenby a linkageassemblyattachdto
the pistonand pistonrod insidethe hub cavlty.

C.

Plston and Cyllnder A$mbly


The pistonand cyllnderassemblyprovidesthe forcesncssaryto
accompllshpropellerbladepltchchanges.

page3-1
Juty/00

McCauley
Propeller
Systems
[,lpGl1
Secton3

SplnnerAsrembly
Thesplnnerassemb,y
protecbtre hubcomponents
fiomdamageby
forlgn
obJcts.
lt ls sueamllned
to reduce
drag.Thesplnner
bulkhead
assembly
ls mountsdon he hub,starterrlnggear,sllprlngassembly,
or
plate.Thebulkhead
provldes
adepter
a mountforhe propeller
splnnr
shell.
PropellerDelceBoob (lf Inrtalled)
Thedelcebootsareconstructed
of fabrlorelnforced,
abraslonwih a wlrem63hthatdisblbresistantrubber.Theyarelmpregnated
utsheates selectsd
bythedaicetmer. Theoutsrsurface
thatls
exposd
to he envlronmEnt
hasa glossyfrnlsh,
whllethssldethatls
bonded
tothepropeller
hasa dull,mattelinlsh.
DelceHarness(lf lnsialled)
Thedelceelectrical
hamesses
connect
he delcebootsto he sllprlng
assembly
to complete
lhedelceelectrical
drcult.
G.

Delce Sllp Rlng Ascembly(lt Indalled)


The delcesllp rtngassemblyls constructed
of machlnedilumtnumwlth
bronzecommutatorringsbondedto one slde. Delceleadsfor each
bladeare locatedon the propellersldeof the platter.Theseare
attachedto studs ftom the commutralorrlngs throughholes provldedfor
that purpose.The assemblyls securedto th6 hub with scrsws.

H.

Internal Lubrlcatlon
On mostmodels,the lubrlcaUon
for the bladebearlngscomesfroma
greasehat ls applie<lto the bearingswhsnthe prcpllerls assembled.
Howvr,on sornemodelsths fubrlcaUon
medlumls oll. On those
propellersthe propellerhub cavltyls padally fflledwith red dyedoll
whiclrls saledln he huband lsolatedfromenglneoil. Thlsoll provides
lubrlcailonand conoslonprotectionto bladebearlngsand otherIntemal
parts. The oil ls dyedred to ald ln he troubleshooung
of suspectd
propllerlaks.

NOTE;

2,

ls NOTnormallyregulred,
Perlodlcmalntnanos
of thlslubrlcaUon

PropellerModelDesignation
McCauleyusesa mod6ldesignadon
s!tmto lden00spedlicpropsllers.Thls
ls doneby uUlizlng
a comblnaUon
of huband bhde modeldeslgna0ons.

page3-2
July/00

Systems
Propeller
McCauleY
l'rPC11
3
Sectlon

A.

Hub ModelDeglgnatlon
hub'
onthesldeof thepropeller
ls stamped
Thehubmodeldeslgnatlon
propellerUpecertlficate
number
FAA
hub
is
he
o'tl
Ottrerdatastamped
(e.g.P.G.3).
number
certificate
(e.g.T.C.P47GL)
andproductlon
ofhubmodeldesignaUon:
Example

lndicatesminordeslgnchangnot affecUngalrcraft
liglbilityor Interchangeabillty.
IndlcatesmajordeslgnchangewhichDOESaffect
alrcrafttlgibllltyor Interchangeablllty.
Indicatestype of propellor.3.9. G = constantspeedor
controllable.
IndlcatesMcCauleybladeshanksize deslgnaUon,
Indlcateshub mountingflangesize (mountingstudb.c"
numberof mountingstuds,etc.).
numberof bladesIn hub.
Indlcates
Indlcateshub Indexlngdowellocatlons(withrspectto
the face slde of No. 1 blade)'

page3-3
Juty/o0

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPC11
Seclion3

B.

Blade Model Oeelgnailon


All bladesare lmpresslonstampdon the buttendwth blademodel
prcpellertypgcertlffcatnumber,and bladeserlalnumber.
deslgnaUon,
Thlsstamplngls not vlslblefromth outsldeof the propellerassembly.
Howevr,the bladeserlalnumberls Inkstampedon Op bladeshank
approxlmately
one Inchfromthe hub. Exampleof blademodeldeslgnation:

Ng/'-Z

Ir_
I
I

ReductlonNumbefiindlcatesreductlonof diametr,In
inches,fromBaslcOiametor.(this numbersubtractedfrom
the BasicDiameterequalsthe propelle/sactualdiameter
when new.)
Indlcatesspcalics
of bladedeslgn(tip shape,alrfoil,etc.).
IndicatesBaslcDlameter,ln inches,of propeller.(This
Numberequalsactual
numbermlnusabovellstedReducUon
diameterof new propeller,e.g.: 82 Inchesmlnus2 lnches
equalsan actualdlametsrof EOInches.)
Indicatesminordeslgnchangenot affectingaircraft
ellgibilityor interchangeability.

3.

OperatingPrlnciples
Thls propellerls a slngleacdngunlt In whlchhydraullcpressureopposesthe
natural,centlfugaltwis$ngmomentof he rotatng blades,and the forceof a
spring,to obtralnthe conctpltchfor the englneload.
Hydraullcpressureforcesbladestowardhlgh pllch (decreaslngRPM).
In fllght,completereductlonof hydraullcpressure(failureIn systemcawlng
trfllstngmomontlo
lossof oil) wlll permltthe pltchretumsprlngand cBntrltugal
automatcallymovebladesto low pltdt (hlghRPM)posltion. Wlth he bladesIn
thls posluonfurher frlghtcan be contlnuedby uslnghe hrot{e to provnt
over speedlng,wheresufficlentpowerls avallableto cllmbor cruiseat lower
alr speds.
A.

Source of Propeller Actsatlon Preasurs


The sourceof hydraullcpressurofor operatonb oll fiom {ho englne
lubrlcatlngsystm,boostodIn pressureby the govemorgear pump,and
anangemnt'The flow of oll
supplledto th propellrcyllnder/plston
throughhe govemorand he propellerdoes not Interforowlth englne
lubrlcatlon.

Page3'4
Juty/00

SYstems
ProPeller
McCauleY
MPG11
SEction3

EladeShimPackand
Ring
Retaining
BladeO-Ring

BearingAssy.

Low Pitch
Stop

SplitRetainer

PltchRetum
Spring

Figure3-1
C400SeriesGutawaY

page3-5
Jutyl00

McCauleyPropellerSYstems
l/P411
sectlon3

B.

Operatfng Mode
Govemormode- Oil ls meteredby the govemorpllotvalveto andftom the
propellerIncreasingand decreasingbladoangls(pltcft). Bladeanglols
Increasedor decreasedwhenthe propellerspeodconuolsettlngis
altered. The govemorcontrolsand stablllzespropellerspeedwitt varying
powsrcondltlonsor Rlghtattltudswlth a frxedspedsetting.
An Increaseln govemoroutputprogsurwlll ddvethe bladestowardhlgh
pltch(low RPM). A decreaseIn govmorouFut prossuraallowsblada
cEnflfugalMsilng momentand he propellersprlngto movethe blades
towardlow pitch(hlghRPM).
the RPMset by he pilotls entrelyautomatic.
Theoperatlonof malntalning
The govemorwlll constantlyadlusthe bladeanglesof the propellerIn
orderto malntainthe RPMthathas beenset by the pllot.

4,

OverhaulRequlrements
McCauleypropellersare to be ovefiauledat spedfrclntervels.The tlme
betweenoverhaulOBO) ls speclfledIn hoursof operatonas well as calendar
llmlt. TBOfor hese propellerscan be foundIn tho lat$t revlslonot McCauly
SeMceBulletln'137[Xl.

NOTE:

ls subJectto change. Any dtangesto TBOwlll be


TBOspeclffcatlon
announcedin revislonsof McCauleyServlceBulleUn137[X.

o
page3-6
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSYstems
MPq11
Section4

FTELD
4. PROPELLER
SECTION
PRACTICES
MAINTENAT,ICE
1.

PropellerRemovaland Installation
PropellErremovaland lnstallationshouldbe performedonlyby quallfled
mechanlcs.The followingInstrucilonsare generalIn nature. The aircraft
maintenance
manualshouldalwaysbe consultedfor any speclalized
proceduresappllcableto speciflcalrcraft. Varlousspinnerand deice
by McCauleymay be usedwhichrequire
anangementsnot manufactured
procedures.
addlUonal
installatlonof propellerls basedon the assumpIn the followinginstructions,
tion that a McCauleyspinnerwill be used. lf a splnneris not usedor if the
spinnerls not manufacturedby McCauley,delete those steps whlch apply to
the splnner.
Verlfyhat magnetoshavebeengroundedpriorto approachlng
propllar.Onlytum propellerbacl$ards.

WARNINGT
A.

Propellerand SPlnner Removal


(1)

Removal
SpinnerAssemblY

'

NOTE:

(a)

markon thespinnershellandadJacent
Makean allgnment
bladewlh a soft coloredpencil. This indexmarkensures
of spinnershell positionto lessenthe
accuraterestoraUon
distortlonof any dynamlobalancspreviouslyperformedon
the proPellerassmbly.

(b)

RemovEscrewsand washersfrom splnnerand fillet


assemblles.

(c)

Removesplnnershellfrombulkheadand fllletassemblies'

(d)

Removespinnersupportand shimsfromthe frontof lhe.


propelleroYllnder'

On somepropellerassembllesthe lilletsare rlvetedin placeand


cannotbs removodfromthe bulkheadassmbly,
(e)

lf requlred,romovescrewsand washersattachingfilletsto
bulkheadand removefillets. ldentlfylocationof eachfillet
to bulkhead.

pags4-1
July/00

McauleyPrcpellerSystems
lilPg11
Sectlon4

(2)

page 4-2
July/00

Rmovecourlingas requlredfor accessto mountlngnuts.

(b)

lf requlred,removodeicelads.

(c)

Placdrip pan undorpropellormountingsurfaceto catch


any spllledenglneoll whenpropellerls removed.

(d)

nutson Gontnental
Breaktorqueon propellermountng
tmove
englneInetalla0one.
ForLycomlngInctallatlons,
safetywlre ftom bol6 and break torque.

(e)

lnstallpropellersllngandattachto holst. lf holstis


unawilable,propellermay be supportedand llftedby hand'

(f)

Takeup slackon propellersllngand holst'or support


propeller,and removenutsor bolts.

(S)

Caretullyslldepropellerforwardand removefrom englne.

(h)

Placepropelleron a sultablesupportor propellerstend.

(l)

lmtall protectlve@veroverpropellerhub mountngflang.

0)

Instattprotecflvecorreror/ropen 6nd of snglne propellar


flange.

Propellerand Splnner In3tallatlon


(1)

NOTE:

(a)

Propellermustbe removedfromengineIn a sfaighl motion.Any


rocklngon the englnecouldcausedamageto he propeller
mountlngflange.

NOTE:

B.

PropellerAssemblyRemoval

PropellerAssemblylnstallatlon
that propellermountlngnuts(if appllcable)
McOauleyrccommends
wheneverposslbl.
be replacedat eachpropellerlnstallatlon,
Horrlsver,nutremay be reusedproudlnghreads are In good
condl{onand locklngmatrlalpreventstumlngof the nut on the
studby hand.
(a)

bulkheadmomtlngdngor bulkhoadto
lf requlred,attractr
hub.

(b)

Removeprolectlvecoverftom end of englnepropller


flange.

McCauleyProPellerSYstems
MPO11
Sectlon4

(c)

flange'
flange'hubmountlng
Ensurethatenglnepropeller
dowelsand holes,mountingstudsand holesare clean,dry,
and freEof damageandforelgnmaterlal'

(d)

Removeprotectivecoverfrom propellerhub mounting


flange.

(e)

In the
o'ringls Installed
Ensurethata newMcCauloy
grooveof propellerhub mountingflange(4-'1633'3for
enginesor A'1633'11for Lyoomingenglnes)'
Conttnental
of
Lubrlcateorlng with englneoil prlorto Installatlon
propellr.

(f)

posltionspinnerbulkheadon backof hub


lf requlred,
betweenhub flangeand englneflange.

(S)

Positionpropellercloseb englnepropellerflangeandallgn
dowelplns with the dowelpin holesif applicable'

(h)

shaft'
on englnepropeller
Mountpropeller

CAUTION:

Propellermustbs Installedstralghtontoengineflange. Any


cocklngof propellerrelatlve!o llangecouldresultIn damageto
flangematingsurfaces.
engine/propeller
(l)

WARNING:

Ensurethreadsof nuts''andstuds are freEof burs, nlcks,


andslmllardamage,and cleanof forelgnmaterlal.

Propellerslnstalledon Contnentaland Franklinenginesuse a


apply
mounUng
nut on a propellerstud. ForthoseappllcaUons:
MI'43483 tt cCarby plr A-163745) EPa* tiben Ily to
studsand nut faces. Torque50 to
threadsof nuts and mounUng
Nm).
45lb. ft. (67.U61.02
PropellersInstalledon Lycomlngenglnesare torquedInto
bushlngsln lhe engineflangE. NO lubricantls usedon threads.
Nm).
TorqueDRY65 to 55lb' ft. (88.14174.58

CAUTION:

Do nof use oil as a subEtitutsfor approvedlubrlcant.lt is


imperaUve
that he conectMll'Speclubrlcantbe usedduring
of the approvedgreasewith an
Installaton.SubsUtution
unapprovedlubrlcant(or no lubrlcant)couldresultIn underof propellsrattachingparts.
torqulngor ssvereover-torqulng

CAUTION:

lf an adaptoror extensionls attachedto trcrquewrenchdrlveend


and thlsaddsto lts length,thenthe actualapplledtorquewill be
greaterthanthe dlal readlng. No calculatlonls requlredwhen
uslngthe torquewranchat 90'. The followlngformulashouldbe
usedto find what.thedlal thould readln orderto obtalnthe
conecl applledtorque:
page4.3
July/00

McCauley
Propeller
Systems
MPO1'l
Secton4

=
DlalReadlng

ToqueWrenciLengthx Dsslred
Torgu
TorqueWrenchLength+ ExtenslonLength

0)

lf requlred,fnstaflthe delceleads.

(k)

ForConUnential
and FrankllnonglneInstalla{ons:Lubrlcete
threadsof stjds and nub, also facasof nuts,spacersor
washers.Installmoun0ngnub on moun0ngstuds. Torque
mountlngnutsln an altematngsoqugn to preventthe hub
cockingon he englnefrange.Whenhe hub is seatedfully
on the englnefrange,toque to he spedfcaUoncalledout
ln the mountng decallocatdon popller hub at #1 socket.
Afterllnal torgue.applytorqueseal to nut and stud
threads.
ForLycomlngenglneInstalla(ons:Startthreadson all
propellermountlngboltsandhen tghtenIn an altemaUng
sequenceto preventthe hub cocklngon the englnefange.
Whenthe hub ls seatedfullyon the ngineffange,torquoto
the speclficatlon
calledout ln the mountlngdecallocatdon
#1 socketof propellerhub. Safetywire the nutrsIn palrsto
complet6theInstallatlon.

(21 Splnnerlnstallatlon
CAUTION:

page44
July/00

of the splnnerfrontsupport
Under-shlmming
or over-shlmmlng
couldresultln splnnerwobble,vlbratlon,antl/orbulkheadand
splnnercracking. Pleasefollowshlmmlngprocedurescaretully.
(a)

lf required,lnstallpropllersplnnerfilltson the bulkhead


wlth screws and w$hers.

(b)

InsertshlmsIntosplnnersupportand llghtlypresssplnner
supportonto propellercyllnder.

(c)

Mountsplnnershellontobulkheadandftlletassemblyand
checkallgnmentof mountngholesIn splnnershelland
bulkhead.Ensurethatallgnmentmarkson splnnershelland
propellerbladeare matched.Add or subhactshlmsto
splnnersupportunlil splnnermounungholesare approximatelyhalfa holefrombelngln trueallgnment.

(d)

By pushlngon the spinnershelland ushg an awl In


adlaconthole,movespinnershellscrewholeIntoalignment
wlth bulkheadhole and lnstsllwashep and screws.
Repeatprocodureon opposlngholesunulelghtevenly
spacedscrewsand washersare lnstalled.

SYstems
ProPeller
McCaulaY
MPC11
Secton4

(e)
(3)

andfillet
spinnershellto bulkhead
Securepropeller
assemblieswith remainingscrews and washers.

GroundRun:Up
In order to purge alr from the propellercontrolsystem after
Installatlonthe followlngprocedureshouldbe used:
(a)

controlIn themaxlmumRPMposition
Putthepropellerspeed
(fullforward). Startthe engineand allowtt to warm up to
temperatur.Cycleenginefromlow to
englneoperaUng
hlghPltcltat leastfive Umes.

llmlts.
NeverexceedpublishedenglneoperaUonal

NOTE:

The flrst operaton(fromlow to hlgh pltch)may be slow.


Ths thlrdand subsequentrssponssto a changsIn spesd
controlsettlngshouldoccurpromptly. SlowresponseIn
coldweathermay be expectedpar{cularlylf the englneoll
ls not horoughlywarmed. In thls case,speedrecovery
(frornlowto hlghRPM)may be accelerated
by momenhrily
openlngthe throttlea llttlemore'
(b)

(4)

for slgnsof oil leakagtrom


After englneshut down,chEcJ<
mountngo-ringand bladeseals. Mlnorleakingfromblade
seal arals commonon new propellersand propellers
recen0yoverhauledor modifiedto oll fflledconffguraUon.
Any InlUalleakagels usuallysesn as a minor'streaklng"on
he blades, Referto SecUon6 if leakingoocurs,

DynamlcBalance
McGauleyendorsesdynamlcbalanceon propellerswllh
McCauleymanufactured
splnnerassembllsonly. The performanceof dynamlcbalancemust be In accordancewlh the
dynamlcbalanceequlpmentmanufacturefsInstrucllons.

(5)

2,

Makelogbookentryof propellerInstrallaton.

Blade Maintenance
A.

Blade Repalr
The propellerbladeis a hlghlystressedpart. ThEfact that propeller
bladesare likelyto be subjectto damagesuchas nlcks,gouges,
scratchos,conosion,pits, etc., dsmandsfrequentInspectionand
maintenance.

page4-5
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPO11
Sectlon4

IMRECT
LEAOEI]GE
REVMK
TIEII{D

'J

\. Ii,EtnFECT
r LEAOEOGE
\ REUORK
; r'ETHoo
I

\
LEAOEO6ERAOIUS
IM LARGE
PRIFILECIilTIUR
T0O El-lJtlT

RULESI
GENERAL
HAXI}TI{THIEK}.IESS
ttr SECTIIIN.
OONOTREIIUCE
HATNTAIN
OFIGINALLEAOEOGERAOTIS.
i4AINTAIN
SI)IILARPItrILE ol AtRF0lL SECTIIIN.

Flgure4-l
FleldBladeReworkCriteria(fig.1 of 2)
page&6
July/00

Systems
Propeller
McCauley
MPO11
4
Section

BLADEREPA]R
RECIMMENDED

RAOIUS. IOd
TYPICAL
EENTEPAT
PO]NT(SI
OEEPEST
( STJRFACE
REPAIRI
d g (EPIH of REPAIR
5d :5 x OPTHof REPAIR
lOd = l0 x UEPfll of REPAIR

/ioa

SURFACE
REPAIR
TYPICAL

t0d
\.-_---,

Figure4-l
Fiefd BladeReworkCriterla(fi1.2ot 2)
pag4-7
July/00

McCauleyPropllrSystoms
MPG11
Sectlon4

Repalrof smallnlcksand scntchesmay be performedby quallfled


wlh proceduresspeclffedIn FAA
mechanlcsIn he fleld In accordance
AdvlsoryClrcular43.1&1Aand the follorylngsectlons. Afterfillngand
polishlng,the damagedareashouldbe lmpected,whnpo$lbl' by
dye pentrantmethodto verlfy that all damaghas bcn removedand
the bladeb not cracked.The areashotlldbo preparedfor touch'up
palntby wlplngwlth a solventdampeneddoth. The areashouldthen
ot chmicalfllm per MIL'G5541
be protectedby locallzdappllcadon
(e.9.Alodlne)and repalntedas ncessary.
Largenicksor scratchesor olhr damageInvolvlngsudt thlngsas bent
blades,balancs,dlameterreduction,otc.,shouldbe conectedonlyby
an approvdpropellerrepalrstratlon.
( 1 ) Repalrable
Damage
The prhary hmeof bladedamagethata pllotor mochanlcnoed
with ls sharp'stressrlsef typodamage' Thls type
be concBrned
of damagels causodby stonesor other small objctsstriklngthe
propellerbladeas lt ls rotatlng.Emsloncausedby sand,water'
btd not crealingsharp'stress rlsef type damagEDOESNOT
Inthefield.
NEEOREPAIRED

eAUMIli

for ffeldrepalrs.
The use of a raspfile ls NOTrecommended
Rasp-typefileswill rcmovomoremetalthanndcessary,and may
causprematurerejectionof bladesat overhaul.
It ls verylmportantthat'stressrlsefl typedamagebe completely
repalred. Whenflllngdamagels complete,a dyepenetrant
of affectedarea shouldbe performed'when
examinatlon
possible,to vrifythe "stressrise/ has beencompletly
removed.

(21 LeadEdgeRepalrProcedure
Removametalat damagedarealn sucfia waythat the alrfoll
the samo. Filestokes mustrun
contourremalnssubstrantially
frombladeshanklo bladetip. AvoldabruptchangesIn contour
andbluntadges.
The lengthof the blendedareashallbo equalto ten (10)tlmsth
depthof the nlck (ref.Flgure4't). Use a sultablefne'ctJtflle and
coursegralnemeryaoUrto rmovdamag,hen smoothly.ffnlsh
surfacewlfr line g:ratnmerycloth,crocusdotl, or 600 grit
sandpaPer.

page4-8
July/00

SYstems
McCauleyProPeller
MPC11
Sectlon4

(3) FaceandCamberRePalrProcedures
Removemetalat damagedareauslnghand'hldrotarygrinder
with 120or less grlt bob,or by handuslngcoursegralnemery
cloth. Use of file In thls area[s not recommended.
Caremustbe tiakento controlhand'heldgrinder.

CAUTION:

Gfindwlh llghtpressureIn a clrcularmotionuntildamageis totatly


removed.The dlameterof the repalrshallbe equalto twenty(20)
tlmesthe depthof the damag(ref' Flgure4''l)' Smoothlyllnlsh
surfacewlth flne gralnemerycloth,crocuscloth,or 600 grlt
sandpapsr.
(4)

RepalrCompletlon
Followingremovalof damage,the affectedareashouldbe
preparedfor touch-uppalnt by wipingwith a solventdampened
cloth, ThEareashouldbe reirotected by localizedapplicatlonof
(e.g' alodlne).Applypalntto
chemlcalfilm per MIL-C-5541
reworked area.

Blade Shake
Blade shake ls the tendency of the blades to wobble sllghtly when the
blado tps are physloaltymoved by hand. When checflng blade shake'

ls consld'
fromleadto tralledge.Thlsmovemsnt
moesur
movement
erednormalandls nota causeforconcem.lt ls causedbya necss'
In thehubsockethat allowsthebladeto rotatefeety
sarylooseness
aboutltsaxls. lf he bladesweretlghtln thesocketandnomovment
wearIn thehubsocketscould
andexcesslve
couldbefelt,abnormal
result,
fora
allowed
However,
here is a limiton ths amountof looseness
than1/8or.125lnch(3.13mm)
at the
blade.Anybladsthatmoves.morc
The
of movement.
to reducetheamount
bladetlpshouldberehtmmed
propeller
repalrstatlonIn
shouldbedonebya qualilled
reshlmmlng
manual.
overfiaul
wlh he Mc0auley
accordance
C.

Blade Palntlng
PalntproMdesoptmumdurabllltyand abraslonreslstance.lf palnt
becomeserodedandls not repalnted,damageto alumlnumblade
suGce wlll be accelorated.Thls ls particularlytrue at bladetlps where
oporatlonIn raln or a harshenvlronmentcarncauseacceleratedwear.
It ls, therefors,lmportantto palntbladesfrequentlyas part of a regular
malntenance
schedule.
McCauleydoesnot re@mmendunpalntedpollshedbladesdue to
corroslon.
page4-9
Juty/00

McCauleyPropellerSptems
MPO11
Secton4

D.

Corroslon
All alumlnumalloysusedIn bladesare 3wceptb,bb coroslon, The
degroeof conoelonllkely b occur ls laryely dependentupon envlronmentalexposure.lf a palntedor anodlcbladesurllacels penehatedby
stonedamage,eto.,the matorlalexposedmay conodlf not reprotected.Conoslonmay be accelerated
lf $e propellerlsoperatedIn
an Industrialor coastalarea.
Prgventlonls he best cure for coroslon. Damagpof bllsteredpalnt
shouldbe rpalnted,Bladercan be wlpdwlth a doth dampenedwlth
oll or uaxed wllh an automotve type paste wax on a regularbasls to
mlnlmlzsconelon.
lf conoslondoes developlt shouldbe remorcd as soon as posslble.
Thls can be accompllshed
by ensurlngthat bladesare frequenUy
lnspectedfor evldenceof coroslon. In he eady stages,a light
polishlngls all that ls requlrd.Horevcr, lf the conoslonis deep
seated,turthrmaterlalremowl w{llbe requlred.The areashouldhen
be re-protected
by locallzedappllcatlonof chemlcalfilm per specillca(e.9,Alodlne)and repalntedas necessary.
tion MIL-C-5541

3.

PropellerStrlke
blade
bltdstrlk6,
or
strlko,
Determlnatlon
astowhether
ornotanobjoct
strlke,

ther$ponslbillty
of the
sudden
englnestoppage
hasoccrnedls ultlmately
alrcraftoperator.
A.

OblectStrlke
'objectstrlke'lsdefrned
propollr
bya
as anylmpactof a non-mtatng
rrehlcle,
alrcrafttug,
substantal
movlngobjec-t,
suchas anypBonnel
ground
porwrunlt,or slmilar.Pleasnotehat he abowdeflnltonls
Intended
for useas an exampleonly.
(1) Thefollottdng
on anyprcpellsr
mustbe perbrmed
Inspectons
anobjec{stlke:
experlenclng

WARNING:

prlorto approachlng
Vertfyhat magnot$havobngroundd
track
propeller.Onlytumpropeller
backwadswhenpgrformlng
check.
gotlgssl
(a) Inspec't
all bladesfor damagssuchas scrap3'
etc.ca$ed bythetmpsct Anydamagebolondnormal
seMce
In otherMcCauley
lleldrtpalrllmlb (defrned
lg causefor popellerremovalandrepalras
Informa0on)
deffnedbelow.

pago/t-10
July/00

SYstems
ProPeller
McCauleY
MPC11
Sectlon4

(b)

Checkbladefacl<and verlfythat all bladesmeasurewithin


1/16inch('1.61mm)of eachother.Thisis a onetime
check.

Tum propellerso that Number1 bladeis straightdown.

Positiona smoothboardbeneathbladetip.

3 Blockup boardfirmlyIn placejust clearof bladetip.


oneInch(25mm)
4 Placea pencilmarkapproximately

longon the boardat midpointof leadedgeof Number1


bladetlp.

Tum propellerso nextbladeis stralghtdown.

g Placea thinone-inch(25mm)lineon boardat midpoint


of outeredgeof secondbladetip.

B.

Measurehorlzontaldifferencebetweenthe two lines.

Carefullytum propeller,and repeathackingmeasurementfor eachblade.

(c)

CheckbladetrMst.All bladesin a propellershouldhavethe


play'' lf the differencein
sameamountof "rotrational
rotationalplay betweentwo bladesis beyond1.0 degree,
unevenintemalwear or damageis the possiblecause.
(Forexample,rotafonalmovementof No. 'l blademasures
2.3degrees.This
1.2degreesandNo.2 blademeasures
wouldbe consideredexcessivesince the differenceis
morethan1.0degree.)This checkmustbe performed
every10 hoursfor the next20 hours. lf no changeis seen
after20 hours,inspectionsmay be discontinued.

(d)

lf the bladesdo not meetthe abovecriteria,the propeller


andthe retentionand actuating
mustbe disassembled,
systemsinspectedand repairedby an FM-approved
propellerrepairstationper the applicableMccauleyservice
manual.

Blade Strlke of Rotatlng Propeller


'BladeStrike,'sometimes
refenedto as'GroundStrike,'isdefinedas
any lmpactor suspectedlmpactof the rotatlngpropelleruponsuch
Itemsas, but not limitedto: the ground,tow bars,landinglights,carts,
snowbanks,hedges,etc. Pleasenotethat the abovedeflnitionis
intendedfor use as exampleonly.
page4-11
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
ItiPgll
Section4

Intemaldamagecan occurwithoutevidenceof grossextemal


damage.

GAUTION:

Procedures
FollowingBladeStdkeof RobtingPropellen
a bladestrikemustbe removed
Any McCauleypropellerexperiencing
from the aircraftand comolelelvoverhauledby an FAA approved
propellerrepairstration
with the applicableoverhaul
in accordance
manual.

c.

Blrd Strike
"BlrdStrike"can be definedas the lmpactof any birdIntothe rotating
propeller,causingdamage.
on PropellercFollowingBirdStrike:
Procedures
a birdstrikemustbe inspcted
Any McCauleypropellerexperlencing
per the followingcriteria:
(1)

Inspectall bladesfor damagesuchas scfttpes,gouges,etc.,


causedby the impacl fuiy damagbeyondnormalfieldrepair
is causefor
limits(definedin otherMcCauleyseMce lnformation)
propellerremovaland repairas definedbelo'v.

(21 Checkbladetrackper Section4 paragraph&A. Thisis a one


timecheck.

page 4-12
July/00

(3)

Checkbladetwist. All bladesin a propellershouldhaveths same


amountof "rotationalplay." lf the dlffErencein rotrationalplay
betwentwo blades is bepnd 1'0 dogtee, unevenintemalwear
or damageis the possiblecause. (Forexample,rotational
movementof No. 1 blademeasures1'2 degreesand No.2 blade
masures2.3 degress, Thls wouldbe consideredexcesslve
sincethe differencois morethan1.0degree.)This checkmust
be performedevery 10 hoursfor the next 20 hours. lf no change
may be disconUnued'
is seenafter20 hours,Inspectlons

(4)

lf bladesdo not meetthe abovecriteria,the propllermust be


disassembled,
and the retgntionand actuatingsystemsinspected
and repalredby an FAA-approvedpropellerrepairstaton per the
applicableMcCauleyseMcemanual.

(5)

Onlyif a bladels bentbeyondrepatrdurlnga birdstike mustthe


propllerbe overhauledper the applicableMccauleyseMce
manualby an FM-approvd propllrrepairstation'

SYstems
ProPeller
McCauleY
MPGl1
Section4

4.

Propellerlnternal Lubrlcatlon
The McGauleypropetlerutilizeseither an encapsulatedoll supptyor greasefor
lubricafion
of all Intemalactuationparlsdopendingon the particularmodel.
Periodicservlcingof the oil or greasein McCauleypropellersis NOTnormally
necessary.

5.

DeiceMaintenance(if applicable)
A.

OperatlngPrlnciples
by heaterelementsin a deicebooton
Propellerdelcingis accompllshed
surhce of propellerbladewherelce wouldnormallyform. The heater
ice and blade
elementsmettthe adhesionlayerbetweenaccumulated
surface,and ice is ejectedby centrifugalforc and scavengingairflon.

B.

System Descrlptlon
A deicebootts attacfiedat the inboardleadingedgeof eachpropelter
blade. The bootconsistsof the wire heaterelementsbetweenlayers
of neoprenerubber.
The bootsare electrically@nnectedto the slip ring by a wlringhamess'
The bootand hamessare connecledwith terminals.The slip ring is
attachedto the rearof the propellerhub and contalnsconductive
tracks.
The brushblock assemblyls mountedon a bracketthat is attachedto
with
the enginecase. Adjustmentof the blockpositionis accomplished
bothelongatedholesin the bracketand spacers.The brushblock
assemblyconsistsof brushesIn a block,with springsper brush.
Brushestransmitpowerto the elementsand providea @mmonground.
TlmersdisUlbuteelecticalpowrto the deicebootrsat set intervals.
Thlsallowsthe bootsto be off for an amountof time to allowice buildup and to preventovefieatingand eventualbumout.

C.

Delce Perlodlc Inspectlon and Testlng

CAUTTON:

damageto the propellerdelceboots,do


To preventoverheating
not operatepropellerdelcesystemfor morethanten (10)
secondswithoutenginesrunning.

page4-13
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPG11
Section4
(1)

Operational
Test
The propellerdeicesyslemshouldbe inspected,tested,and
manual.
maintainedin accordance
with the aircraftmaintenance

6. Gleaning
solution. McCauley
Yourpropellershouldbe cleanedwith a non-caustic
the
recommends
a mix of Stoddardsolventandwatersoluton. Additionally
folloltdngshouldbe avoided:

WAENIIIQ:

Neveruse highpressuredeaningequipmentas he pressure


couldforcethe cleaningsolutionpastthe bladso-Iingsand into
the propellerhub. This wouldbreakdownthe intemallubricants
resultingin excessivewear as well as promoteintemalcono'
sion.

A.

Cleanbladeswhilethe bladeis In the downposition.Thiswill minlmlze


the amountof cleaningsolutionin the o'dngandshimpackareaof the
blade.

B.

Use carewhenchoosinga cleaningsolventto ensurethat lt doesnot


that couldbe causUcto aluminum'A caustic
containanyingredients
quickly.
solutionwouldpromoteconosionand couldscrilPcomponents

SYstems
McCauleyProPeller
MPGl1
Secton5

INSPECTION
PERIODIC
SECTION
s.PROPELLER
PRACTICES
1.

PropellerPeriodicInspection
intervals:
The followinginspections
shouldbe performedat the recommended
A.

Dally lnspec-tlon
Veriff that magnetoshavebeengroundedpriorto approaching
propeller. Only tum propellerbackwardswhen necessary.

!148N!N9:
(1)

- Visuallyexamineall bladesfor signsof


BladeExaminatlon
cracks,nicks,conosion,or otherdamage. Any nicksshouldbe
removedprior to fllght. Unusualdamage,such as extensive
conosionor cracks,requiresremovalof propellerand evaluation
by an approvedpropellerrepairstation.
Normalerosionis not causefor concemor propellerremoval.

iKITE:
(2't

CheckHardwareSecurity' Examineall visiblehardwarefor


security. Tightenif necessary.

(3)

ExaminePropellerfor Leakage- Examinebladesfor evldenceof


oil or greaseleakage.Thiswill be apparentby streakingon
blades. lf leakageis confirmedthenfollowthe instructionsin
Section6.

(4)

- Examinedeicebootsfor
DeiceBootInspection(if applicable)
signsof cutrs,gouges,or lmpactdamage.Any deiceboot
damagedto the extentthatheatingelementsare visibleshouldbe
replaced.lf damagepentratesthe boot,boolmustbe removed
for bladeinspectionevenlf bootstill operatesnormally.

(5)

- Visuallyexaminespinnersfor
SpinnerVisualExamlnation
Indicationsof largedentsor cracks,particularlyat mounting
screwholes. Splnnerassemblyparts with cracksmust be
replacedpriorto flight, as well as those with large dentswhich
couldcausean imbalance.

page5-1
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSYstems
MPC11
Section5

100 Hour Inspectlon


At each 100 houror otherapprovedinspectioninterval,examine
propellerin accordance
with aircraftinspctionmanual' lnspection
shouldinclude:
WARNING:

Vedfythat magnetoshavebeengroundedpriorto approaching


propeller. Only turn propellorbackwardswhen performingtrack
check.

( 1 ) Removespinner.
( 2 1 tnspectall attachinghardware,Indudlngthat underthe spinner,
for security. Tightenif necessary.
(3)

Checkentirepropellerfor conosion,cracks,or otherdamage.


ContactMcauleyservice@nterfor dispositionif any unusual
damageis found.

(4)

Inspectentirepropellersystemfor leakage.lf leakagis


ouuinedin Section6,
confirmed,thenfollowthe instructions

(s)

Inspectand repairany bladenicksor scratches'

(6)

Inspectspinnerassemblypartsfor cracking.Replaceany
componentthat is conffrmedas cracked.

(7)

lf applicable,
checkentre propellerdeicesystemfor damageand
manual.
operationper the aircraftmaintnanca

(8)

Repaintpropellerblades,as necessary.

(e)

Checkfor any applieDleserviceinformationor FAAAiruorthiness Directives.

(10) Installspinnerper Section4, paragraphB.


(1'l) Performan operational
checkof the propellerwith enginerunning'
('12) Makelog bookentryfor the inspction.

page5-2
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSYstems
MPG11
Section6

SECTION
6. PROPELLERTROUBLESHOOTING
1,

Typesof ProblemsNormallyEncountered
Thls secdonoutinsand explalnsa numberof operatlngcharacteristlcs
wttlchhavebeenobservedin service. Thereis somediscussionof propeller
designas it relatesto thesecharacterlstics.Proceduresfor locatingand
operationare given. Conesponding
conectlngcausesof undesirable
troubleshootngcfiarts follow text.
A.

Huntingand Surging(page6-2)

B.

ChangingRPM(pageS3)

C.

(page6'3)
EngineSpeedVariationwlth FlightAttitude("Greeping")

D.

lmproperPropellerSpeed(pageS4)

PropellerFailsto Contrcl(pageG7)

F.

UnusualAircraftVibration(page6-8)

G.

BladeShake(page6-10)

H.

PropellerLeaking(page6-11)

page6-l
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPO11
Section6

A.

Huntlng and Surging


(1)

Syrnptonr:
Huntinois a cyclicor constiant
lnariation
of enginespeed,above
and bslowthat deslred. lt will be shownby constantwaveringof
the tachometerreading.
Suroinqis a wlde or exogssivelncreaseor decreasein'engine
speedfollo,vedby retum to he establishedspeedafter one or
moreoscillations.
Possible
Cause:
Huntingis seldom,if ever,causedby the propellerltself. Those
conditionsreportedprimarilyhavebeencausedby otherpartsof
the systmsuchas the engine,govemor,or tachometer.The
propellercan be testedin llightby reducingthe manifoldpressure. The propellercontrolshouldbe ln thetutlRPMpositionand
the manifoldpressuroshouldbe reduceduntilthe RPMdrops
slighuy.This ensuresthat the propellerls againstits low pitctt
stopandis eliminatedftorntheequation.
Surgingwill occurand shouldbe considerednormalif lever/
throttleis movedrapidly.
Surgingmay be causedby air in the systemor a defective
govemor.Surginghas beenencountered
on groundoperation
afterlnitialinstalla0on
wlrilepurgingalr fromsystem. lf encounteredat othertimes,the propellershouldbe cycledrepeatedlyto
removeall air fromthg systgm. lf the condluonpersists,it maybe
attributable
to mechanicalproblemwith the govemor'
CorrectiveAction:
(a)

Governorshouldbe removedand tested. Propellershould


be purgedagainaftergovemoris reinstalled.lf the
and no othersystemfaults
governortest is satisf.actory,
can be found,the propellermay be at fault'

(b)

tf the propelleris suspectedas Srecause,it shouldbe


by an approvedpropellerrepair
removedfor examination
station.

ProPellerSYstems
McCauleY
MPG11
Section6

GhanglngRPM
(1)

Symptomr
PropellerRPMchangingandholdingnewsetting'
PossibleGause:
Excesslve"ptat' ln the linkagebetweenthe governorand the
cockpitcontroloftenleadsto enaticoperation'
Conective Action:
Tracelinkage,locateunsecuredsections'and tightenas needed.
Pleasenotethatalthoughlinkagemay appearto allowtull
govemorcontrolwhilethe enginels off, it may not in the air.
'stretctt" of the mount duringoperationcan
Englnevlbra0onand
oftenaggravatethe condition.Therefore'it is importantthe entire
lengthof linkagebe propertysecured.

c.

Englne Speed Variatlon wlth Flight Attitude ('Creeplng")


(1)

Symptorn:
Oncespeedcontroland powersettingsare establishedfor a
flightattitude(cruise)and thenthe aftitudeis altered(to climb)
withoutchangeof speedand powersettlngs,the enginespeed
may changeslightlY.
(a)

PosslbleCause:
Thls effectis commonlyknownas "creeping"of the speed
setting. Whenspeedand powersettingsare established'
the govemorconbolvalvewill be openedan amountto
providea pressurewhlch balancesthe propellerforces,
sprlngload,and the leakagethroughthe transferbearing.
Thlswill malntalnthe bladeanglesuchthatset powermay
be absorbedat the deslredsPeed.
lf the attltudeof the aircraftls alteredand the alrspeed
changed,the bladeanglewill be requlredto changeto
absorbthe powerat this airspeed.This changein blade
anglgu,ill causethe forces to vary and consequentlywill
changethe controlpressureand the propellertransfer
bearingleakagerate.

page5-3
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
trrlPoll
Section6

Since the governorhad been adjustedby the speedcontrol


for the first set of conditions,the effect will be to changethe
effectiveequilibriumspeedof the propellerwith no changein
govemorsetting. The amountof changevarieswith engine
transferbearingclearance.
Thisspeedchangeis generallya negligibleamountandis not
causefor con@msincs lt is a normalreactionof the control
system.
Conective Action:
in
lf it is desiredthattheoriginalspeedsettingbe maintained
the new flight atdhrde,lt may be neoessaryto adjustthe
propellercontrollevr as reguiredafter the aircraftis trimmed
out.
(b)

Possible
Cause:
Control'frictionlock in the aircraft'
ConectiveAction:
Manual.
Referto AircraftMaintenance

lmproper Propeller Speed


(1)

Symptom:
Inconectpropellerspeedat a givenpowerand RPMsetting.
PossibleCause:
lf maximumstiaticRPMis inconect,theprobtemcannormallybe
attributedto eitherinconectlow bladeangleor insufficientengine
horsepower.However,if the maximumin flightRPMis incorrect
thenan adjustmentof tho govemormay be necessary'
CotrectiveAction:

I{OTE:

pageH
July/00

On stiatcrunsthe propellershouldpreventlhe engineRPMfiom


gotngto red line. This is done to preventoverspedingand is a
designcharactristicof the propeller. Horvever,it shottldbe wihin
100RPMof redline.

SYstems
ProPeller
McCauleY
MPq11
Section6

(a)

lnconectStaticRPM
Oneareathat ls oftenat faultfor RPMproblemsis the
are notoriousfor being
tachometer.Aviatontachometers
by verifyingthe
inaccurateso beglntroubleshooting
acculacyof the tachometer.

(b)

InFlightRPM
may be necessary'
With this problem,govemorreadjustment
The tjachometerreadingshould be chec*ed for accuracy
beforeany adiustmenBare made. The govemorcan be
adjustedby usingthe stop scnewon the govemor. This
screwcontrolsthe stop on the propellerconhollinkage. By
adjustinglhis screwyou can changethe RPMof the propeller
whenthe aircraftls in flightand the controlleveris in the full
in flightthen
RPMposition.lf the propelleris overspeeding
the propellercontrolshouldbe pulledbackuntilit reachesthe
redlineRPM. Oncethe RPMhasstabilized,landtheaircraft
withouttouchingthe propellercontrollever. At this point, the
stop screwcan be adjustedto the conlrolleverlocationand
thenthe aircraftshouldbe re-rigged(SeeFigureG1). lf the

Adjustment
Screw
ControlArm

Figure6-1
AdjustmentofGovernorStopScrew
page6-5
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPG11
Section6

propellerwillnotmaketullRPMin flightthenthesame
principleshouldapply. Beginby backingoff the screwto
give the cable more travel and fry the aircraft. Be carefulto
preventoverspeding.Usingthe propellercontrollever,
increasetheRPMuntilhe maximumRPMis reachedand
againland the aircraftand readjustthe screwand adjust
the controlrigging. After any adjustments,be sure to fly
the aircraftand verify the adjustrnentconecledthe
problem.
(21 Synptorn:
past
Dudngnormaloperation,the propellersuddenlyoverspeeds
ratedRPM.
(a)

PossibleGause:
Incorectgovemoroperationor adjustments.
ConectiveAction:
Havegovemorinspectedby an approvedpropellerrepair
station.

(b)

Possible
Cause:
Highfrictionin propellerdueto Inconectshimmlng.
Conective Action:
Havepropellercheckedby an approvedpropellermchanic.

(c)

Possible
Cause:
in
HighftictionIn propellerdueto tackof lubrication
propellerbearing.
Conective Action:
propeller
Removepropellerand sendto an authorized
repairstation.

NOTE:

page&6
July/00

Followingan overspeed,a thoroughcheck of ths entire propeller


controlsystemshoutdbe performed. The followingsteps should
be takonin the eventtrat the propellerhas beensubjectedto
overspeedtor any reason:

PropellerSystems
McCauleY
MPG11
Section6

(d)

PossibleCause:
of up to, but not including,15%of the rated
Overspeeding
enginetake-offRPMshouldnot produceany harmful
effects. This conditionwitl necessitatea generalvisual
inspectiononlY.
of 15%or hlgherof ratedenginelake off
Overspeeding
RPMmay necessitatefurtheraction:contactMcCauleyfor
further instructions.

Propeller Falls to Gontrol


(1)

Symptom:
Propellergoesto low pitch(highRPM)of its own accord.
(a)

Possible
Gause:
Linkagebecomingdisconnected.
CorrectiveAction:
Checkand repairgovemorlinkage.

(b)

Possible
Cause:
lntemalgovemorfailure.
ConecffveAction:
Havethe govemorcheckedby an approvedrepairfacility.

Failureof intemalgovemorpartmayresultin metalcontamination


ln engine. Engineshouldbe checkedper manufacturefs
speciffcatonsif failureis confrrmed(contactMcCauleyProduct
Supportfor details).

NOTE:

(21

Symptom:
failureto respondto changesin RPM
Extremesluggishness,
settingor to holdconstantRPMwlth varyingaircraftattitude.
(a)

PossibleCause:
Excessiveleakageat enginetransferbearing.

page6-7
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPG11
Section6

ConectiveAction:
Checkthe enginefor excessiveleakagein the engine
transferbearingto the propeller.Contactenglnemanufacturer.
(b)

PossibleCause:
Sluggishness
normallyoccurcgradually,appearingfrrstas
slow pitch changeresponse. Exfeme caseswill causgthe
bladesto stick in somefixed pitcttsettng. lt may be used
by conosion,galling,or selzureIn the pitcttchanging
mechanismin the propellror bladebearlngg,or broken
springs. lt can also be causedby blockageof hydraulic
passagesbetweentha governorand the propller. This will
not normallyoccurif McCauley'srecommendedoverhaul
timesare followed.
ConectiveAction:
A completecheckof the propelleractuauono,iltransfer
systemshouldbe made. lf no problemsare found,the
propellershouldbe removodfor examlnation
by an autho'
rizedpropellerrepairstatlon.

Unusual Alrcraft Vibration


(1)

Symptorn:
Excessivevibrationfelt duringnormalalrcraftoperation.
(a)

Possible
Cause:
Althoughvibra$oncan be causedby the prcpeller,there are
other possiblesourossof vlbraton which can make
troubleshooting
difficult. lf the propellerls the causeof he
Mbration,it ls typlcallydue to improperbalance,bladeback,
or linkageprcblemswihin he propeller.
Whena propelleris the causeof vibration,the aircraft
typlcallyvibrateshroughofi the entire RPMrangp,although
the intensityof the vibrationmay \nry with he RPM. lf a
vibrationoccr.rrs
at onlyoneRPMorwithlna llmitedRPM
range,the vibrationis not nonnallydue to a propeller
problem.
Conective Action:
lf the propefleris suspectedas the causeof the vibration,
the followingproceduresshouldbe prformd:

SYstems
McCauleyProPeller
MPGll
SecUon6

Temporarilyreplacethe propellerwith one whichis


knownto be Soodand test fly the aircraft.lf the
vlbrationls elimlnated,the propellerls highlysuspect
and shouldbe sentto an authorizedpropellerrepair
facilitYfor evaluation.
propelleris unavailable,
checkthe
It a replacement
following:
Checkarnountof "irisf of each bladewhen
rotatedin blade pitch directionwithin its socket
per section4.3.A.c. Lookfor variationsin the
amountof movementof eachbladein relation
to the otherblades.
IIOTE:

'trMsf in eachbladeis, in itself,usuallyof no


The amountof total
in the amountof "twist"in each
gl!ftggnig
a
lt
is
importance.
bladethat shouldbe considered.
lf excesslvetwist ts found in one or more
bladesin relationto the others,the propeller
couldhavean intemallinkageproblem.lt
shouldbe removedand sentto an authorized
propellerrepairfacilityfor evaluation.
Check"bladeanglesplit." lt is a measurement
of the angledifferencesbetweenall the blades
in the samepropeller.Thisvalueis muchmore
critical than "rotationaltwisf describedabove,
as a highbladeanglesplitmayindicateintemal
problems.Whilesuchanglesplitis veryrare,
the operatormaywantto measureit if a
problemls suspected,mostnotablyby a
markedIncreasein propellervibrationlevels.
Bladeanglesplit may be checkedas folloua:

tll

By hand,twlst alt bladestowardhigh


pitctr. Thiswiltetiminateany'twist'in
the propellerlinkage,and reducethe
possibilityof a falseanglereading.

I2l

Uslnga propellerprotractorat the


appropriatereferencestation,measure
theangleof eachblade. lf fiaSUr.
mentsdiffergreatly(morethan 1.0
degree)betweenbladeson the same
propeller,excessivewear or damageto
internalpartsmay exist.
page6-9
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPG11
Section6

t3l

lf excessivewearor damageis
suspected,the propellershouldbe
and the causedtermlned
disassembled
and conected by an FM-approved
propellerrepairstatlonor intemational
equivalentperthe applicableMcGauley
seM@ manual.

Propellerimbalancecan be the causeof vibration.


Perfom a dynamicbalanceon the suspeclpropeller
per equipmentmanuhcture/sinstructions.lf the
propellercannotbe successfully
dynamlcally
balanced,removeandsendit to an McGauley
authodzedpropelterrepairhcility for avaluation'
The propellerspinnercan b a contibutingfaclor to
an out of balancecondition.This conditionis
shimmingof Orc
normallycausedby Inadequate
spinnerfront supportor a sacked or deformed
spinner.
lf a spinneris foundto be tobbling,'remove shell
and fillets,run engineand see if vibntiondisappears.
reinstallshellwlth the proper
tf Mbrationdisappears,
amountof shimsas describedin Section4.1.B. Any
spinnerfoundcrackedmust be replaced.
(b)

Possible
Cause:
Wornenglnemounts.
Conective Action:
for replacement
Consultenginemountmanufacturer
criteria.

G.
NOIE:

Blade Shake
"BladeShake"is the tendencyfor the bladesto wobble,lead
edgeto trailedge,whenmovedby hand. This is nomallynot a
@noernif movementis limitedto 1/8inchor less. Seep. 4-9.
of the blade
This tendencyis the naturalresultof the fabrication
retentionpartrsto close tolerance. lt is NOTthe sourcof
vibrationor anyotherproblems.Whilethe gropellerls rotadng,
cenbifugalforce on the bladsseat them rigidlyand positively
againstthe retentonbearingsIn the hub'

pag6 S10
July/00

SYstems
MccauleYProPeller
MPG11
Section6

(1)

Symptom:
Above1/8"movementof bladesat tip.
PossibleCause:
Inconectshlmming.
ConectiveAction:
Removepropellerandsendto an authorizedpropellerrepair
facillg.

H.

Propeller Leaklng
(1)

Synptom:
Engineoil is observedon propellerblade,cowling,etc.
PossibleCause:
mountingo-ring.
Leakingfromengine/hub
Conec-tive
Action:
Removepropellerandreplacemountingo-ring.

(21 Synptom:
Greaseor red dyedoil is observedon propellerblade,cowling,
etc.
PossibleCause:
Leakingtrombladeseal area(Figure3-1).
CorrecliveAction:

Minorleakingfrombladesealareals commonon newpropellers


and propellersrecentlyoverhauled
or modifiedto oil filled
configuration.Any Initialleakageis usuallyseenas a minor
"streaklng"
on the blades. lf leakingoccurs:
(a)

Cleanbladeof all tracesof oll and dirt usinga cloth


dampenedwith MineralSpirits.
page6-11
Juty/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
t\4PG11
Section6

(b)

Runengineand cyclepropellerat leastfive tlmes.

limlts.
Neverexceedpublishedengineoperational

GAUTION:

(c)

Inspectbladefor continuedoil leakageand cleanif


necessaryper step (a).

(d)

Repeatstep (b).

(e)

Inspectblade. Leakingshouldbe taperingoff or completely


stopped.

(f1) lf leakinghas stopped,no furlheractionis require<|.


(121 lf leakinghas decreased,continueoperationfor up to 25 t
5 hours. lf leakingcontinuesafter30 hours,propellermust
be removedfrom aircraftand sentto an approvedpropeller
repairstationfor repair,
(3)

Symptom:
Reddyedoil is observedaroundcylinderarea,propellerblade,
cowling,etc.
PossibleCause:
Leakingfrom cylinder.
CorrectiveAction:
Leakagelrom cylindermountingarearequiresthatthe propeller
assemblybe removedand sentto an approvedpropellerrepair
facilityfor inspection/repair.

(4)

Symptom:
Reddyedoil is observedaroundpipeplugarea,propellerbla<le,
cowling,etc.
PossibleCause:
Leakingfrompipeplug.

ConectiveAction:
Leakagelrom pipeplugarearequiresthatttrepropellerassembly
b removedand sent to an approvedrepairfacilityfor inspection/
rpair,

page&12
July/00

SYstems
McCauleyProPeller
t\rPG11
Section6

Continuedoperationis allorcd only uponverificationof a blade


sealleak. Leakagefiom anyotherarearequiresimmediate
removaland repair.

page&13
July/00

McCauleyPropellerSystems
MPG11
Section7

SECTION
7 . PROPELLER
ARWORTHINESS
LIMITATIONS
1.

ServlceLife
Propellercomponentreplacement
timesin flighthoursor calendaryarsars
set forlhin McCauleyServicebulletin137ffi.

2.

Inspectlon
Somepropellercomponents
are placedintoseMe in an "on condition"basls
subjectto periodicinspectionsin lieuof a spdnedlife limit. Mandatory
inspectionintervalsare specifiedin SecUon5.

3. Log Book
Propellersare certifiedwith a specificpowerrating,diameterlimit(s),and
componentmaterial.This includesfatiguestrength,propellerseMce life,and
operationalresbictionsa6 determinedby the loadsand frequencyof
occurenceof thoseloads(usagespectrum)of the airplaneon wtrichit is
propsllermay be eligiblefor installation
installed.Eachcertificated
on a
numberof differentTypeCertificatedairplanes,eachrepresenting
a different
loadingand loadingspecrumfor the propeller.Accordingly,
to ensureeactt
propelleris airworthy,it is mandatorythat eachowner/operator
maintaina
permanent
propellerlog bookcontaining
the informa0on
set forthin Sectlon4.
The ovme^operator
is requiredto maintaina permanentlog bookcontalning
prcpellerassembly:
the folloruing
lnformation
for eachserial-numbered
A.

The airplane(s)on whichthe propllerhas beeninstalled(recordedby


airplanemanufacturer
and modeltyps(s)).

B.

The time in seMce (flighthours)and the calendarperiod(month,day,


yea(s)) each propellerassembly(recordedby hub and bladeserial
numbers).

C.

alterations,
and overhauls
inspections,
Recordsof the maintenance,
performedon eachpropellerassembly.The rscordsmustinclude:
(1)

A descriptionof the work performed,includingthe dispositionof


the affected parts.

(21 The date the workwas completed'


(3)

page 7-1

July/00

The signatureand certiflcatenumberof the personapprovingthe


propellerfor retumto seMce.