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UNTREF Ingeniera De Sonido

July 2014, Argentina

MEASUREMENT AND COMPARISON OF INTELIGIBILITY AND


LATERAL ENERGY FRACTION BETWEEN USINA DEL ARTE
CONCERT HALLS
MARIANO ALVAREZ BLANCO 1 GERMAN HEINZE 1 ARIEL MUSZKAT 1 EMILIANO ROMERO 1
Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero, Partido de Tres de Febrero, Caseros, Provincia de Buenos Aires,
Argentina.
mariano_alvarez_blanco@hotmail.com
german.r.heinze@gmail.com
ariel.muszkat@gmail.com
emilianoromeromathieu@gmail.com
Abstract This work presents the measurement process and a comparison of spatial parameters between the
concert hall and the chamber music hall built in Usina del Arte complex as well as the comparison and
measurement of intelligibility parameters between both halls. The building is located at, La Boca, Buenos Aires,
Argentina and was built as multipurpose art complex. Regarding the intelligibility parameters, the speech
transmission index (STI) and the rapid speech transmission index (RASTI) were obtained, whereas for the spatial
parameters the Lateral Energy fraction (LF), the Lateral Energy Fraction Cosine (LFC), and the four-band Average
Lateral Energy Fraction (LE4) are presented. The explained measurement procedure implemented a soundfield
microphone to obtain the spatial parameters. Results shows that STI and RASTI values of 0,48 for male and 0,50 for
female, and 0,52 respectively were obtained in the music chamber hall, whereas in the main hall STI and RASTI
values of 0.51 for male and 0.25 for female, and 0.56 respectively were obtained. On the other hand LE4 values of
0,419 and 0,424 were obtained in the chamber music hall and concert hall respectively.

1.

INTRODUCTION

Usina del Arte complex was built in 2011 as a


multipurpose art complex. It is located at La Boca,
Buenos Aires city, Argentina. Between the many
spaces that conforms this complex a big 1200 - seat
concert hall called Symphonic Hall is found. In
addition, there is a small 400 seats chamber music
hall called Chamber Hall. As between other
activities these halls are used for musical concerts
their acoustical parameters quality result essential
700 personas de capacidad.
International Standard ISO 3382 [1] presents
acoustical parameters which may be obtained from
impulse responses, whereas intelligibility parameters
are presented by many authors as in [4] and [5]. In
this work some ISO 3382 [1] and Inteligibillity
parameters were measured in both halls. The first
group of parameters lies on spatial impression. These
are the Lateral Energy fraction (LF), the Lateral
Energy Fraction Cosine (LFC), and the four-band
Average Lateral Energy Fraction (LE4) [beranek]
[1]. Regarding the Inteligibillity parameters, the

speech transmission index (STI) and the rapid speech


transmission index (RASTI) were measured. The
described parameters were selected in order to make
the comparison as they represent two fundamental
characteristics of a concert hall in conjunction, of
course, of the reverberation time RT30.
Acoustical parameter comparison was made
between the Simphonic and Chamber halls.
This report begins with a fundamental concepts
section in which the measured acoustical parameters
are defined as well as other basic concepts which
result fundamental to understand the analysis.
Following sections describe the halls and the devices
and tools employed to make the measurements. In the
final of the report, results are presented and also the
conclusions about parameters comparison for both
halls.
2.

BASIC CONCEPTS

2.1. Impulse and Frequency Response for a


LTI system.
The Unit Impulse Response of a linear system
(IR) is defined as its response to an ideal impulsive
signal such as a Delta Dirac function. If the systems
IR is transformed by Laplace or Fourier transforms
then we obtain the transfer function of the system. By
this way, when any signal is introduced to a system
its output represented in the time domain could be
predicted as the convolution between the input signal
and the IR expressed in time domain. If a frequency
domain output is required then the mathematical
operation between its input signal and the systems
transfer function also expressed in the frequency
domain should be a product. Figure one simply
shows the previous explanation.

x(t)

h(t)

y(t) = x(t)
* h(t)
Laplace Transform

X(s)

H(s)

Y(s) = X(s).H(s)

Figure 1: LTI systems response to an arbitrary


signal expressed in time and frequency domain.

responses of the loudspeaker, room, and microphone


respectively. Then it can be interpreted as serial
concatenation of single systems where h(t) still
represents the complete systems IR [4].

h(t)= s(t)* r(t)* m(t)


x(t)

Figure 3: Serial LTI system.


Equations 1, 2, 3 and 4 represent the fundamental
relationship between signals, IR, and transfer
function.

y (t )=x ( t )h(t )
y (t )=x ( t )s (t)r (t)m(t)
Y ( f )= X ( f ) . H (f )
Y ( f )= X ( f ) . S ( f ) . R ( f ) . M (f )

h(t)
x(t)

Spk
Room
Mic

y(t)

Figure 2: Combination of a loudspeaker, a room,


and a microphone as a complete LTI system.
Although just the room could be considered as a
complex system, was decided to include the
loudspeaker and the microphone because their own
transduction transfer function are modifying the
income signal to the hole system as is shown in
Figure 3, where s(t), r(t), and m(t) are the impulse

(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

When transfer function H(f) is required then


equation 5 is applied. This is the product between the
captured signal by the system and the inverse transfer
function of the original input signal.
1

The transfer function contain both phase and


magnitude information about the systems IR in the
frequency domain. If the magnitude of this transfer
function is calculated, then the frequency response of
the system is obtained.
Figure 2 shows a representation of a loudspeaker,
a room and a microphone as a system, where the
loudspeaker reproduces a signal and then it is
captured by the microphone in a single position of the
room. The input signal is x(t), the output one is y(t)
and h(t) represents the complete systems IR.

y(t)

Spk

Y ( f ) . [ X (f )] =H (f )

(5)

Aurora plugins developed by Angelo Farihna is


one of the apps that actually allow doing this process
to obtain an IR. The software offers different signals
and processing options to obtain it. Since the signal
x(t) used to get the IR was a logarithmic frequency
sweep and its inverse filter function [x(f)] -1 was
allowed to reach a very high signal to noise ratio for
full spectrum in comparison with other type of signal
as impulsive sources [5].
2.2. Uncertainty
In this section the basic concepts of uncertainty
and statistics used to validate the microphone
calibration are described.
The uncertainty gives information about the
validity of a measurement and is represented in the
measurement data values units e.g. +/- 0,5 dB. A
calibration result, which process includes repetitive
measurements instances, isnt complete if uncertainty
isnt included. When it is included, it conform the
confidence interval of the extended uncertainty,
interval which provide information about a range in
which the true value lies with a certain degree of
probability [6]. This will be fully explained below.

2.2.1. Types of uncertainty and their calculus.


Two types of uncertainty can be differentiated:
type A and type B. The first one is obtained with
measured data values and a statistical procedure
described in the following paragraphs.
Equation 6 describes Standard Deviation, it shows
datas dispersion around the average value x of
measured data values x [7]. The number of
measurements is n.

xi
n

(x )

(6)

i=1

n(n1)
n=

( x xi )

1
2 2

i=1

n1

(7)

Where k is the coverage factor or security factor,


which value is usually 2 for a 95% confidence
interval in a normal probability distribution. When
uncertainty is obtained from a single measurement
point but in many frequency bands, as done in this
work, the total combined expanded uncertainty is the
highest value between all frequency bands.
3.

ACOUSTICAL PARAMETERS

( x x i )
i=1

n(n1)

1
2 2

x =S(X )

(8)

(9)

Uncertainty type B is obtained from calibration


values of measurement equipment, equipment
specifications and certificates, older measured data
values, and the experience, criteria or knowledge of
materials and tools used to measure. A different
method rather than statistical analysis is used to
obtain this type of uncertainty, not covered in this
report.
Usually uncertainty is expressed as a combined
expanded uncertainty, where type A and B variables
are combined. Equation 10 describes the typical
combined uncertainty.

S t = X 2 +Y 2 + Z 2

The early lateral energy fraction, LF, is defined as the


fraction of energy between the energy received by a
figure-of-eight microphone with its null pointing at
the source and the energy received by an omnidirectional microphone at the same position [Michael
Barron]. This is defined in equation 1 as,
0.08

Typical deviation of the average value is defined


in equation 8. It is equal to uncertainty type A S(x) as
showed in equation 9 if the number of measurements
is more than ten. This last requirement is covered in
this work.

x =

(11)

1.1. ISO 3382 Spatial Parameters

Typical deviation is defined as equation 7. Its


variables are the same that standard deviation.

n1=

+ k . S t

S ex

(10)

Where X, Y, and Z are uncertainties to combine.


Equation 11 describes the combined expanded
uncertainty where S t is multiplied k [8].

p L2 ( t ) dt

LF= 0.005
0.08

(12)
2

p ( t ) dt

,where pL is the impulse response measured with the


figure-of-eight microphone which is integrated
between 5 ms and 80 ms, whereas p is the impulse
response measured in the same point as pL with an
omnidirectional pattern microphone.
The lateral energy fraction cosine, LFC is defined as
the fraction between the impulse responses of lateral
energy with contributions which vary as the cosine of
the angle and the omnidirectional impulse response
measured in the same points [1]. This is defined in
equation 2 as,
0.08

| p L ( t ) . p ( t )|dt

LFC=

0.005

(13)

0.08

p ( t ) dt
2

,where pL is the impulse response measured with the


figure-of-eight microphone which is integrated
between 5 ms and 80 ms, whereas p is the impulse
response measured in the same point as pL with an
omnidirectional pattern microphone.
This parameter is thought to be subjectively more
accurate [2].

4.

INTELLIGIBILITY

The intelligibility of speech is a measure of efficacy


in understanding of the spoken word, which
quantifies the percentage of the message that is
properly understood.
There are subjective and objective methods of
measuring speech intelligibility. Objective methods
make the procedures easier that on subjective
measurement but results must finally agree with real
conditions and subjective results.
One of the most widely used model of prediction is
the Transmission Index Voice (Speech Transmission
Index - STI) developed by Steeneken and Houtgast
(1980). The STI is based on the generation and
analysis of an artificial test modulated in amplitude
signal, which replaces the signal voice. This method
assumes that speech intelligibility is maintained with
the acoustics of the room only if the modulation of
the artificial signal is transmitted unchanged from the
source to the position of auditor. The STI technique is
standardized by the IEC 60268-16 standard [3].
To calculate the STI, first, we proceed to define the
modulation reduction factor m as follows:

m ( f m)=

Where,

1
(
)
1+ 10
RT
))
(0.1 LS N )

1+(2 f m

13.8

Figure 4: STI curves for different reverberation times


and signal-to-noise ratio.
The RASTI intelligibility index is a simpler
alternative proposal. Its drawback, with regard to STI
is that only evaluates two octave bands: 500 Hz and 2
kHz, and does not take into account possible
distortions in the system for measure and possible
nonlinearities in phase and amplitude.

5.

MAIN AND SMALL ROOM

(14)

f m is de Modulation Frecuency,

RT

is the reverberation time and LSN is the signal to


noise ratio level. The apparent signal to noise ratio
level and the average apparent signal to noise ratio
level are defined as:

LS Napp=10 log

m
1m

(15)

= W i (LSNapp)i
LSNapp

(16)

i=1

Figure 5: Main room - stage

W i Weighting for 7 octave bands (125-8k).


From these values, the STI is defined as:

STI =

+15)
( L SNapp
30

(17)

Figure 4 shows the STI curves for different RT and


S/N ratios. For the studied halls, the expected values
were presented in annex 1.

Figure 6: Main room - audience

Figure 7: Small room

6.

PROCEDURE

For intelligibility measurement one sound source


position and seven microphones positions were used
in the chamber hall. The equipment consisted in a
Dynaudio BM6A speaker and an Earthworks M50
microphone for recording the signal. For the large
hall, two source positions and five reception positions
were used.
Two signals were reproduced by the loudspeaker:
a list of words of Dr. Tato recorded with the
Earthworks M50 and a Log Sine Sweep 48kHz
sampled from 60 Hz to 12 kHz and 40 seconds
duration.
Background noise measurements were also
performed and a tone of 1 KHz at one meter from the
source was used for sound pressure level calibration.

Figure 9: STI & Octave Band Analysis


For LFC and LF measurements, a sound field
microphone was used. The different signals recorded
in A-Format and processed by the SPS200 Software
Controlled Microphone. Figure 10 shows a scheme of
the microphone capture configuration.

Figure 10: Sound field mic configuration.


Four signals were provided by the each recording
instance. They were processed by the software
provided by the microphone manufacturer to get the
values required to calculate the LF parameter. Figure
11 shows a software screenshot during the signal
processing procedure.

Figure 8: Setup
With the record of the Log Sine Sweep through
the circular convolution process with its inverse filter
that generates the Aurora software, the corresponding
impulse responses were obtained for each position.
With the impulse responses, the recording of
phonetically balanced words of Dr. Tato,
measurements of background noise and recording 1
KHz tone, using the plug-in of Aurora, the STI
values for bands and global, and RASTI were
obtained. Figure 6 shows the software interface for
speech parameters calculation.

Figure 11: Sound field signal processing.


The signals recording in A-Format should be convert
in B-Format because in aurora processing
information this signal require.

7.

RESULTS
The results obtained by the program Adobe
Audition with plugin Aurora, while processing the
impulse responses, background noise, word list and
record for calibration are the descript in Table 1 and
2.
For simplicity sake, only the final results are
presented, i.e. the averages for all bands and the
global values.
The LFC and LF values are presented in Tables 3, 4 5
and 6.

Tr ( measure )=

0,161V
At

(18)
At1 =

At + NAp

(19)

De la frmula 18 se despeja At, con este parmetro ,


la cantidad de individuos dentro del recinto(N) y la
absorcin de una persona con abrigo parada obtenida
por la tabla 7 se calcula la absorcin total del recinto
con personas adentro(At1).

La figura 13 es el resultado de la medicin del tiempo


de reverberacin en escasas 4 y 3 posiciones con una
sola posicin de fuente en la sala principal y la de
menores dimensiones. Para conocer la dispersin en
el ensayo se calcula la desviacin estndar,
resultando 1,06 segundos en la sala grande y 0,1
segundos en la sala pequea.

Con la frmula 20 se calcula dependiendo de la


capacidad de cada recinto, el tiempo de reverberacin
con personas dentro de los recintos.

Se planificaron mltiples y diferentes mediciones,


pero la ruptura de uno de los equipos limito el
tiempo, por lo tanto tambien la informacin
capturada.

Como se acoto el anlisis en frecuencias para la


obtencin del nuevo tiempo de reverberacin se
presenta nuevamente la dispersin en las medidas
siendo 0,007 segundos la desviacin estndar para la
sala grande y 0,004 segundos la desviacin estndar
para la sala pequea.

Las condiciones de medicin no fueron las ideales ya


que la sala no estaba desocupada, 20 personas
presentes en simultnea en ambas salas presenciaban
la medicin.
A partir de las mediciones y la obtencin del tiempo
de reverberacin de la sala desocupada descritas en la
figura 12 se despejo analticamente la absorcin total
(At) del recinto de la frmula de Sabine. A la misma
se le suma la absorcin producida por las personas y
la cantidad de individuos presentes obtenidas con el
procedimiento de Kath y Kuhl [Carrion] segn la
tabla 7 y las formulas 18 y 19. Utilizando la
absorcin resultante se calcul nuevamente el tiempo
de reverberacin con una ocupacin del 50% y 100%
en ambas salas. Los resultados de los clculos antes
descriptos se presentan en la Figura 13.

Tr ( Sabine )=

0,161V
At 1

(20)

La tabla 8 muestra parmetros espaciales medidos y


el tiempo de reverberacin promedio entre 500 [Hz] y
1000 [hz] denominado RT mid de ambas salas.

Table 1: Results in Main Room

Table 2: Results in Small Room

Table 3: Measure LF in format WY Main Room

M=Point
S=source

Measure LF in format WY Main Room

Frecuency[H
31,5 63 125
z]
IR_WY_M24S 0,42 0,46 0,47
1
3
4
5
IR_WY_M25S 0,43 0,49 0,48
1
7
0
2
0,39 0,47 0,48
IR_WY_M5S1
2
3
4
0,38 0,47 0,49
IR_WY_M7S1
9
7
2
0,41 0,47 0,48
Average
0
6
3

250

500

0,46
5
0,43
6
0,36
8
0,41
4
0,42
1

0,37
9
0,38
6
0,38
0
0,42
0
0,39
1

1.00
0
0,35
1
0,36
3
0,38
8
0,41
6
0,38
0

2.00
0
0,36
5
0,33
5
0,44
4
0,45
1
0,39
9

4.00
0
0,47
4
0,37
5
0,39
9
0,43
2
0,42
0

8.00
0
0,34
2
0,28
7
0,42
1
0,41
7
0,36
7

16.00
0
0,309
0,215
0,458
0,453
0,359

Table 4: Measure LFC in format WY Main Room

M=Point
Measure LFC
S=source
Frecuency
31,5 63 125 250
[Hz]
IR_WY_M24S 0,59 0,65 0,67 0,65
1
8
6
2
7
IR_WY_M25S 0,61 0,69 0,68 0,61
1
9
3
2
6
0,55 0,66 0,68 0,52
IR_WY_M5S1
4
9
5
0
0,55 0,67 0,69 0,58
IR_WY_M7S1
1
5
5
6
0,58 0,67 0,68 0,59
Average
1
3
4
5

in format WY Main Room


500
0,53
6
0,54
6
0,53
8
0,59
4
0,55
4

1.00
0
0,49
6
0,51
3
0,54
8
0,58
8
0,53
6

2.00
0
0,51
6
0,47
4
0,62
8
0,63
8
0,56
4

Table 5: Measure LF in format WY Small Room

4.00
0
0,67
0
0,53
0
0,56
5
0,61
1
0,59
4

8.00
0
0,48
3
0,40
6
0,59
6
0,59
0
0,51
9

16.00
0
0,437
0,305
0,648
0,641
0,508

M=Point
S=source
Frecuency[
Hz]

Measure LF in format WY Main Room


31,5

63

0,45
2
0,45
IR_W_M2S3 0,312
7
0,46
IR_W_M3S3 0,290
2
0,45
Average
0,299
7
IR_W_M1S3 0,295

125

250

500

0,45
0
0,47
4
0,49
4
0,47
3

0,45
6
0,36
5
0,39
1
0,40
4

0,42
4
0,40
1
0,41
1
0,41
2

1.00
0
0,41
4
0,36
5
0,44
2
0,40
7

2.00
0
0,43
0
0,41
0
0,43
1
0,42
4

4.00
0
0,43
5
0,41
3
0,47
4
0,44
1

8.00
0
0,45
1
0,42
0
0,46
1
0,44
4

16.00
0
0,433
0,382
0,409
0,408

Table 6: Measure LFC in format WY Small Room

M=Point
S=source
Frecuency[
31,5
Hz]
0,41
IR_W_M1S3
7
0,44
IR_W_M2S3
1
0,41
IR_W_M3S3
0
0,42
Average
3

Measure LFC in format WY Main Room


63

125

250

500

0,64
0
0,64
7
0,65
4
0,64
7

0,63
6
0,67
1
0,69
9
0,66
9

0,64
4
0,51
7
0,55
3
0,57
1

0,60
0
0,56
7
0,58
1
0,58
3

1.00
0
0,58
5
0,51
7
0,62
5
0,57
6

2.00
0
0,60
8
0,58
0
0,60
9
0,59
9

4.00
0
0,61
5
0,58
4
0,67
0
0,62
3

8.00
0
0,63
8
0,59
4
0,65
2
0,62
8

16.00
0
0,612
0,541
0,578
0,577

Table 7: Absortion measure with Kath y Kuhl method.

Table 8 : Comparison different parameters in both Rooms

Mai
n
Sm
all

Mid -Rt
Unoccupied

Mid-Rt 50%
Occupied

Mid-Rt 50%
Occupied

LFE4

LF Mid

2,031

1,404

1,080

0,419

0,390

1,400

1,102

0,906

0,424

0,414

3.000
2.500
2.000
1.500
Reverberation Time [Seconds]
Tr Main Room

1.000

Tr Small Room

0.500
0.000

Frecuency [Hz]

Figure 12.Reverberation time measure in 4 positions with 1 source at both Room Unoccupied.
1.800
1.600
1.400
Small Occupied 50%

1.200
Small Occupied 100%
1.000

Reverberation Time[Seconds]

Main Occupied 50%

0.800
0.600
0.400

Main Occupied 100%

0.200
0.000
125

250

500

1000 2000 4000

Frecuency [Hz]

Figure 13 Reverberation Time calculates for Sabine and Kath y Kuhl in different room occupied.

8.

Discusion

Si el patrn polar del microno soundfield


presentan distorcion en los grficos de
direcctividad en alguna banda,las mediciones de
parmetros de espacialidad en la misma debera
ser justificada o comparada con los medidos
utilizando otra configuracin propuesta por
farina en el software Aurora ,entre ellas 2
microfonos
omnidireccionales
o
un
omnidireccional y otro figura de 8 ya que los
resultados pueden no ser concluyentes .
Este trabajo no llego a realizar estas
comparaciones por que el tiempo estipulado no
fue el del programado por la ruptura de un
fusible en la de alimentacin de la fuente
omnidireccional.
Mencionamos que el mtodo de clculo Rasti
para la obtencin de la inteligibilidad es una
aproximacin
veloz, por procesar menos
informacin, que el STI. Ms all de esta
posible ventaja, es obsoleta su implementacin
en ciertas aplicaciones y debe ser contemplado.

9.

La figura 14 muestra la relacin del tiempo de


reverberacin y las preferencias de las
cualidades de 40 salas del mundo en un ranking
[Beranek]. Se compara el rt mid obtenido en la
sala grande con dos salas: el Leverpool
Philharmonic Hall (LV) 1,5 segundos en la
posicion 31 y Washington opera house (29)
1,55 segundos en posicin 25.Se eligieron esta
salas por su volumen similar a la sala principal
de la Usina del Arte. Si la sala estuviera al 50%
de ocupacin obtendramos un Tiempo de
reverberacin similar a las salas bajo anlisis.
El Rt-mid es muy bajo con la sala mayor al
100%. Si no tenemos en cuenta el volumen y
vemos la evolucin del tiempo sin ocupantes
desde 2 [Seg] hasta el 50% de ocupacin el RTmid se encuentra dentro del rango de las
mejores salas rankiadas .
La sala pequea tiene tiempos ms bajos, en
cuanto a las cualidades subjetivas analizadas en
relacin con el tiempo de reverberacin que
denota el grafico se prefieren tiempos ms altos,
por lo tanto en la sala mayor es mejor cuando se
compara cualidades subjetivas y Tiempo de
reverberacin.

Conclusions

A medida que la sala comienza a tener ms


gente dentro, la diferencia entre el tiempo de
reverberacin de las altas frecuencias y las bajas
en la sala grande se incrementa. Las bajas
frecuencias enmascaran las altas frecuencias,
por esta razn pierde inteligibilidad el mensaje a
medida que es mayor el nmero de individuos
dentro de la sala [Carrion]. Este mismo
fenmeno impacta con menor medida en la
sala ms chica.
Cuando la sala grande est vaca su RT mid
cumple con las condiciones recomendadas para
ser una sala de conciertos de msica de cmara
y sinfnica. A medida que la misma incrementa
su poblacin va tendiendo a ser apta para
ejecutar solo msica de cmara en ella[Carrion].
La sala pequea por su Rt mid se recomienda
para msica de cmara. A medida que aumenta
su poblacin dentro baja el RT-mid y tiende a
ser una sala polivalente.

Figure 14.Mid Frecuency


reverberation time for 40 concert
hall, measure with full
occupancy,plotted versus the
subjective ranck orderings of
acousticl quality.

Comparando los resultados de STI de las


mediciones con los propuestos en el anexo g de
la IEC 60268-16, tendran que ser mayores y
llegar a un STI de 0,62 como lo recomienda la
norma para concert hall.
Segn la tabla del anexo 1 , recomienda un STI
y RASTI mayor a 0,65 por lo tanto se repite la
situacin anterior. La sala pequea est ms
cerca de cumplir el objetivo recomendado
[IEC60268][anexo1].
La figura 15 muestra el ranking de las mejores
salas en relacin a su LF. La medicin de ambas
salas de la usina mostro un LF resultante que
supera el valor mximo de cualquier sala de las
mostradas.

Figura 15.Plot of the lateral early fraction


verssus the quality ratings of 22 concert hall.
La tabla del anexo 1 recomienda Un LF mayor
0,19 y la sala mejor rankiada tiene un LF de
0,17 es una situacin ambigua .Por lo tanto la
sala est dentro de lo recomendado pero no se la
puede comparar con ningn otra sala de las

propuestas por la figura 15 por su gran


diferencia.
Farina compare diferent transducter for
measurement special parameters and conclude
with It can be concluded that actually no
available microphone system can be used for
assessing reliably the values of spatial
acoustical parameters such as LE, LF or LFC.
[Farina].This postulate could concluded with
result are incorrect.

REFERENCES

[1] International Standard ISO 3382,


Acoustics -- Measurement of room acoustic
parameters, 2009.
[2]Kleiner, M. A., New way of measuring
lateral energy fractions on spatial impression.
6th International congress of acoustics, Tokyo,
1968.
[3] IEC 60268-16, Sound system equipment
Part 16: Objective rating of speech
intelligibility by speech transmission index.
2003.
[4]Sala, L, P Una nueva Mirada sobre las
listas de palabras fonticamente balanceadas,
2012.
[5] Onieva, R, O, Diseo acstico de un
sala multifuncin mediante empleo de paneles
mviles,
2013.
[6]Beranek,L, Concert hall and Opera
House.Second edition.Springuer.USA 2004.
[7] Farina A., Advancements in impulse
response Measurements by sine sweeps
technique. 2007
[8] Carrion,A. Diseo Acstico de espacios
arquitectnicos.Universidad Politcnica de
Catalunya. EdicionsUPC. Mexico200

Annex 1: Recommended Values

Annex G: IEC 60268