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IOSR Journal of Engineering (IOSRJEN)

ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 2278-8719


Vol. 05, Issue 09 (September. 2015), ||V1|| PP 07-12

www.iosrjen.org

The research of oil-water distribution in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area


Liu Jiyu, Chen Haitao, Jin XinSheng Caiwen
1College of earth science of Northeast Petroleum University, Daqing, Hei Longjiang,China
2 (Second oil factory of Daqing oil field, Daqing, Hei Longjiang,China)
3 (Well logging technology service company, Daqing, Hei Longjiang,China)
Abstract: - The eastern block of Chao202-2 area belongs to the channel sand body depositionwhere the faults
are well developed and complex combination. The oil, water and gas distribution is relatively complex and
influences the injecting-producing relation, so the study of control factors is needed. According to the
geological characteristics of the eastern block of Chao202-2 area, clear regional geological characteristics,
logging identification technology as the core technology and logging identification technique for identifying oil
and water layer, oil-water layer logging interpretation chart was established. With a combination of the
oil-water layer interpretation results, the test resultsand the
existing research results of regional geological
features, the characteristics of the oil and water distribution in the block were induced and analyzed. In the
study area, structural reservoir is the main reservoir type. Oil-water distribution is controlled by structural
factors and space configuration of fault and sand body control the oil-water distribution border. From the fault
analysis of the plane, oil-water distribution was determined.
Keywordsoil-water distributionfaultstructurechannel sand bodylogging interpretation

I.

REGIONAL GEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND

The eastern block of Chao202-2 Area is located in the territory of Zhaozhou County, Daqing City,
Heilongjiang Province, the alar part of Chaoyanggou oil field. The air permeability of the block is 5.210 -3m2,
the formation oil viscosity is 14.1mPas and the ground crude oil viscosity is bigger, which achieves
42.48mPas. The study area belongs to river-lake deposits, where the faults are well developed and complex
combination. The results of structural history research show that the tectonic development of the inner block has
the close relation with the structure of the songliao basin development and the formation of the depression.
Roughly experience four stages: fault-depression stage (The Jurassic sedimentary period), rift-depression stage
(Denglouku formation sedimentary period), downwarp stage the depositional period of Quantou group and
Nenjiang group) and rising stage After the deposition of the nenjiang formation). The Major reservoir is
located in Fuyu oil layer which belongs to microfacies of the delta front. The main sand body type
is subaqueous distributary channel,

whose distribution is mainly controlled by the southwest direction

sedimentary systems distributed from southwest to northeast direction. There is no obvious characteristics on oil
and gas distribution in the study area. The average production of single oil well

has decreased year by year and

the average injection water of single water well has decreased after the production.
production declines fast

The

and the development effect is poor. Therefore, to improve the development effect

and guide the core area evaluation of the similar blocks, we conduct a related study on the oil and water
distribution characteristics in the block.

II.

THE RESEARCH ON OIL AND WATER LAYER IDENTIFICATION

Oil and water layer identification is a key link in the process of reservoir development. Either oil layer
mistaken for water layer or water layer mistaken for oil layer will have adverse effect on calculation of reserves
and oil field development produce. Different regions and horizons have different selected evaluation standards.
The oil and water distribution in the study area is relatively complicated, so accurately determining oil and water
layer identification and classification standard is of great significance [1]. Based on the characteristics of the oil
reservoir in this area, the study of the "four sex of characters", and the logging theory, optimize deep lateral

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The research of oil-water distribution in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area


resistivity curves which can obviously reflect the liquid property, and sonic time difference curves which can
obviously reflect reservoir permeability as the standard for establishing logging parameters in the study area [2].
Combined with core and testing materials, apply the data of 52 layers from 8 coring wells including 10 oil layers
, 21 poor oil layers, 16 dry layers and 5 water layer layers. Then, eliminate abnormal point. Finally, get oil and
water layer interpretation and evaluation chart in the study area chart (figure 2.1).Chart accuracy can reach
87.5%, which meets the requirement of oil-water layers interpretation and evaluation in the study area. At the
same time, the oil-water standards are determined as follows:
Oil layer:
Poor

LLD

oil

AC 220 s / m

Dry layer

0 . 0543 AC 37 . 216

layer

AC 220 s / m

0 . 0543 AC 37 . 216 R

LLD

0 . 0438 AC 28 . 329

of

which

0 . 0438 AC 28 . 329 R

Water layer

,of which

LLD

LLD

0 . 023 AC 17

0 . 023 AC 17

,eliminate abnormal points;

in the formula: RLLDdeep lateral resistivity, m.


ACinterval transit times/m.

Figure2.1 Oil-water interpretation and evaluation chart in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area
Applying oil-water interpretation and evaluation chart has explained 120 wells in the study area, which were
divided into 152 oil layers, 289 poor oil layers, 220 dry layers, 78 water layers.

III.

OIL AND WATER DISTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS

3.1 The whole region of oil and water distribution


The interpretation results projected to the scattered point, it can be seen that the whole region has no uniform
oil-water interface (Figure 3.1).

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The research of oil-water distribution in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area

Figure 3.1 oil-water distribution map of the whole region


Seen from the reservoir section of it, structure becomes low and sand body development gradually
becomes poor from west to east (figure 3.2). Different fault blocks have different oil-water distribution
characteristics, roughly divided into up oil, bottom water, up water, bottom oil and water in oil. Seen
from the Figure 3.3, structure becomes low from north to south and the oil-water distribution characteristics of
different fault blocks are very complex [3-4], which is the same as east-west profile.
10C
90-84
SP

10C
90-82
SP

SP

10C
90-86

RL3S

SP

RL3D

RL3S

GR

RL3S

F111

F112

RL3D

RL3D

GR

RL3D

GR

10C
90-80

50

100

150

F113

GR

F114

F111

RL3S

F111
F115
F112

F112

F113

F113
F121
F114

F114

F115

F111
F112
F113
F114
F115

F115

F111
F122
F121
F121

F112

F113
F123
F114
F122
F122

F115
F131

F121

F121

F122

F122

F123

F123

F131

F131

F132

F132

F133

F133

F123
F123
F132

F131
F133
F131

F132
F14

F132
F133

F133

F151

10C
97-91

F14

F14

SP
F152

LLD

GR

F151

LLS

F151

F153

F14

F14
F152
F152

F161

F151

F151

F153

F152

F152

F161

F153

F153

F161

F161

F162

F162

F163

F163

F171

F171

F153

F111
F112
F113

F162
F161
F114

F163

F115

F162

F162

west

F121
F171
F163
F163

F122

F172
F171

10C
98-92
SP

F171

RL3D

F172

GR

F173

RL3S

F123

F172
F173
F211

F172

F131

10C
100-94

F173
F172
F111
F212

F132

F211

F112

SP

F113

F173

F221

F211

F173

RL3D

F133
F114

GR

RL3S

F222
F115

F212
F14

F211

F212

F211
F23

F121

F221
F151
F221
F111
F222

F212

F212

F221

F221

F241
F112
F222
F152
F113

F123
F242

F114

F23
F23

F115
F153

F222

F131

F222
F251
F241

F241

F23

F132

F121

F122

F122

F123

F123

F131

F131

F132

F132

F133

F133

F252

F242

F112
F113
F114
F115

F121

east

F161

F23
F242

F162
F133
F253

F241

F111

F122

F251

F241

F251
F14

F242

F242

F251

F251

F252

F252

F253

F253

F312

F311

F311

F321

F312

F312

F311

F252

F163

F252
F151
F253
F171
F312
F253

F311
F152
F172
F311

F321

F153
F14

F322

F312

F173

F321

F211

F14

F161

F151

F151

F152

F152

F153

F153

F161

F161

F162

F162

F163

F163

F171

F171

F172

F172

F173

F173

F211

F211

F212

F212

F221

F221

F222

F222

F331
F162

F322

F212

F332

F322

F333

F331

F163
F331

F321

F321
F221

F171
F332

F322

F322

F331

F331

F332

F332

F333

F333

F341

F341

F342

F342

F343

F343

F351

F351

F222
F332
F341

F333
F172
F333

F23

F341

F241

F342

F341

F173

F343

F242
F342

F342

F221
F251
F343
F343

F252

F222

F253

F23

F311

F241

F312
F242

F321

F251

F252

F322

F253

F311

F312

F23

F23

F321

F241

F241

F242

F242

F251

F251

F252

F252

F253

F253

F311

F311

F312

F312

F321

F321

F322

F322

F331

F331

F332

F332

F333

F333

F341

F341

F342

F342

F343

F343

F351

F351

F322

F331

F332

F333

F341

F342

Oil layer Water layer Dry layer

F343

F351

F352

F353

F354

F355

Figure 3.2 East-west reservoir profile map in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area
10C94-84
SP

RL3D

GR

RL3S

865
870

F111
875

F111
F112

F112

F113

F113
880

F114

F115

F115

885

F114

10C98-82
SP

890

F121

RL3D

F121

GR

RL3S

895

895

F122

F122

900

900

F123

F123
F111

905

905

F112

F131

F131
F113
910

910

F132

F114

F115

F132

915

915

F121

F133

F133
920

920

F122

F14

925

925

F14

F123

930

930

F151

F151

10C103-81
SP

F131

LLD

935

935

GR

F152

LLS

F152

10C111-80

940

SP

940

940

LLD

F132

GR

F153

LLS

F153
945
945

945

945

F133

F161

F161

F111
950

950

950

950

F112
F113

F14

F162

F162

F114

F111

955
955

955

955

F115

F112

F151
F113

F163

F163
960
960

960

960

F114

F121
F115

F152

965
965

F171

965

965

F171

F121

F122
F153

970
970

970

F172

F123

F122

10C120-76

10C114-76
SP

RL3D

F161
975

F173

SP

GR

RL3D

975

975

975

RL3S

GR

RL3S

F173
F131
980

980

F162

980

980

F211

985

985

F211

980

F123

980

F132
985
985

985

985

F131
F163
F111
F111
990

990

F133

F112

F112

990

F212

990

990

F212

990

F113
F132

F113

F171
F114
995

F114
F14

995

995

995

F221

995

995

north

970

F172

F115

F221

F115

F111
F112
F113
F114
F115

1000

1000

F133
F172
1000

1000

1000

1000

F121

F122

F122

F123

F123

F131

F131

F132

F132

F133

F133

1005

1005

F222
1005

1005

F14

1005

1005

F121
F121

F151

F222

F173

F122

1010

1010

F152
1010

1010

1010

1010

F23

F151

F23
F211
1015

1015

1020

F161

1015

1015

F153

1015

1015

F123

F152

F241

1020

1020

F241

F212
1020

1020

1020

F153
F131

F242
F162

1025

1025

1025

1025

F221

F161

F132
1030

1030

F251

F251

F162

F133

1035

F252

F14

F14

F151

F151

F152

F152

F153

F153

F161

F161

F162

F162

F163

F163

F171

F171

F172

F172

F173

F173

F211

F211

F212

F212

F221

F221

F222

F222

1035

1035

1035

1035

F253

1035

F252

1030

1030

1030

1030

F163

F222

F23
F171

F253

1040

1040

1040

1040

F241
1045

1045

1045

1045

F172

F171

1045

1045

F311

F151

1050

1050

1050

F242

1050

1050

1050

F312

1040

1040

F14

F163

F311

F312

south

1025

1025

F242

F172

F173

F152

1055

1055

1055

1055

1055

1055

F251

F321

F211

F321

F153

F173

1060

1060

1060

1060

1060

1060

F252

F161

1065

F212

F322

1065

F322

F211
1065

1065

1065

1065

F253

1070

1070

F162

F221

1070

1070

1070

F331
1070

F331

F311

F212

F163

F312

F332

1080

1080

1080

1080

1080

F23

F171
1085

1085

F333

F222
1085

1085

1085

1085

F322

F241
1090

1090

F172

1090

1090

1090

F341
1090

F341

1080

F221

F321

F333

1075

1075

F222

1075

1075

1075

1075

F332

F23

F242
F331

1095

1095

1095

1095

F342

1095

1095

F342

F251
F173

F332
1100

1100

F241

F252
1100

1100

1100

1100

F343

F343
F253

F333

F211
1105

1105

1105

1105

1105

1105

F242

F311
1110

1110

F251
1110

1110

1110

1110

1115

F252

1115

F312

F212

1115

1115

F221
1120

1120

F253

1120

1120

F321

1125

1125

F222

F311
1125

1125

F322

F23

F23

F241

F241

F242

F242

F251

F251

F252

F252

F253

F253

F311

F311

F312

F312

F321

F321

F322

F322

F331

F331

F332

F332

F333

F333

1130

1130

1130

1130

F312

F23

F331
1135

1135

1135

1135

F321
F241

1140

1140

F332

1140

1140

F322

F242

1145

1145

F333
1145

1145

F251

1150

1150

F331

1150

1150

F341
F252

1155

1155

1155

1155

F253

F332

F342

1160

1160

F311
1160

1160

F333
F343
1165

1165

1165

1165

F312

F341
1170

1170

F351

1170

1170

F321
1175

1175

F352
1175

1175

1180

1180

1180
1185

1185

1185
1190
1195
1200
1205

Oil layer Water layer Dry layer

Figure 3.3 South-north reservoir profile map in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area

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The research of oil-water distribution in the eastern block of Chao202-2 area


3.2The controlling factors of oil-water distribution
According to above analysis, the oil-water distribution is mainly controlled by two factors in the research
blocks.
1. The fault structure has some influence on oil-water distribution. The faults are developed well in the
study area. By the study of chemical and physical properties of oil, gas and water in the reservoir near both sides
of faults, it shows that the oil, water and gas property has many differences near both sides of faults, which
indicates that the fault in the study area has a certain sealing ability and can form a mutual non-nterference
reservoir. Therefore, the fault block may have a complex oil-water distribution from vertical (horizontal)
direction in both side of the fault [5-6].
2. The sedimentary lithology has some influence on oil-water distribution. The sand body in the reservoir
of the study area is preexisting sand body relative to the structure while the structure of the sand body is late
structure relative to the sand body. The research area mainly develops channel sand body and point bar sand
body. The river channel sand body is in dendritic distribution. The air permeability of the main channel is
6.110-3m2, the air permeability of the non main channel is 4.810 -3m2, and the reservoir permeability is
lower. There is a large amount of argillaceous filling between river and river and the connectivity between sand
body is poor, which ensures the independence of sand body between oil and water distribution characteristics
[7-8]
.
3.3 The characteristics of the oil-water distribution controlled by different blocks
Based on the analysis of the above, the spatial configuration of fault and sand body controls the boundary
of oil-water distribution. On the basis of controlling factors, the district can be divided into 10 blocks (figure
3.4). According to the characteristics of oil and water distribution, it is divided into three types.

Figure 3.4 oil-water distribution map of the whole region of blocks


1The oil layer and water layer are developed at the same time within the same fault block. The characteristics
of the oil-water distribution is up oil, bottom water. In fault block 4, for example, the structure of the fault
block becomes low from north to south. Although the water well 135-46 is in the higher position than the oil
wells in the south, due to the combination of fault and structure, the water well 135-46 located In different
blocks compares with the well in the south. The characteristics of the oil-water distribution in the block is that
the oil reservoir is in the north and the water reservoir is in the south. The regularities of distribution accord with
oil-water distribution characteristics of structural reservoir (figure 3.5).

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Figure 3.5 oil-water distribution map of the F131


2The oil layer and water layer are developed at the same time within the same fault block. The characteristics
of the oil-water distribution is up water, bottom oil. In block 10, for example, with relatively higher position,
the well 131-24 inside the fault belongs to the water layer, while other wells with relatively lower position
belongs to oil layer. The main reason for forming this type is that sedimentary facies belts of the well 131-24 are
different from the other three wells. Mudstone segment in the middle causes the different distribution of oil and
water (figure 3.6).

Figure 3.6 oil-water distribution map of the F171


3. Within the same fault block, just the oil layer or water layer is developed. In block 8, for example, the well
133-65 inside the block belongs to the water layer and the same layer in adjacent block is oil layer. Although the
characteristic of high water, low oil can be seen in the oil and water distribution scatter plot, the water well
and the oil well are divided by the fault which has a certain closed feature to make them form independent fault
blocks. In the same oil layer, the wells of different fault blocks dont disturb each other (figure 3.7).

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Figure 3.7 oil-water distribution map of the F171

IV.

CONCLUSION

1. In the study area, the main reservoir type is structural reservoir. Oil-water distribution is controlled by
structural factors and the space configuration of fault and sand body controlled oil-water distribution border.
2. From the analysis of the plane, the oil-water distribution can be divided into three types:
(1) Within the same block, oil and water layer are developed at the same time. Oil-water distribution is up oil,
bottom water.
(2) Within the same block, oil and water layer are developed at the same time. Oil-water distribution is up
water, bottom oil.
(3) Within the same fault block, the oil or water layer is only developed one.

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