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ROLL NO

Time 3 Hrs

DIT, GR. NOIDA


Pre University Test (B. TECH. IVTH SEM-BRANCH ME)
SUBJECT NAME- Fluid Mechanics
SUBJECT CODE ECE-301
_____________________ M. M. 100

NOTE: Assume any missing data.

SECTION A
.

Q.1: Attempt
(2*10)

ALL

PARTS

IN

FEW

SENTENCES

WORDS.

a. Explain the terms: (1) Dynamic viscosity (2) Kinematic

viscosity? Define Newton's Law of viscosity?


b. What is Capillarity? Write the expression for capillary

fall & capillary fall?

c. Define: Notches , Weirs , nappe , crest?


d. Define surface tension? Differentiate between supersonic
flow & sub-sonic flow?
e. What are the conditions of equilibrium of a floating
f.
g.
h.
i.

j.

body & a submerged body?


Define stream function & velocity potential function?
Define flow net?
What is absolute pressure, gauge pressure & vacuum
pressure?
Define (1) Mach number (2) Reynold s number (3)
Eulers number (4) Froudes number.
Define Drag & Lift? Write the expression for
Displacement Thickness, Momentum Thickness,
Energy Thickness?
Define Pascal's Law? What is hydrostatic law?
SECTION B

Q.2
Answer
(10*3)

ANY

THREE

of

the

following

Questions.

a) Determine (a) the pressure gradient


(b) the shear stress at the two
horizontal parallel plates & (c) the
discharge per meter width for the
laminar flow of oil with a maximum
velocity of 2 m/s between two
horizontal parallel fixed plates which
are 100 mm apart. Given =2.4525
Ns/m2.
b) Experiments were conducted in a wind
tunnel with a wind speed of 50 Km/hr
on a flat plate of size 2m long & 1m
wide. The density of air is 1.15
Kg/m3.The coefficient of lift & drag are
0.75 & 0.15 respectively. Determine
(1) The lift force (2) The drag force (3)
The resultant force (4) Direction of
resultant force (5) Power exerted by
air on the plate.
c) A 150mm diameter pipe reduces in
diameter abruptly to 100mm diameter.
If the pipe carries water at 30 litres per
second, calculate the pressure loss
across the contraction. Take the
coefficient of contraction as 0.6.
d) Water flows through a triangular right
angled weir first & then over a
rectangular weir of 1m width. The
discharge coefficient of the triangular
& rectangular weir are 0.6 & 0.7
respectively. If the depth of water over
the triangular weir is 360 mm, find the
depth of water over the rectangular
weir.
e) The differences in water surface levels
in two tanks, which are connected
by three pipes in series of lengths
300m, 170m, 210m & of diameters
300mm, 200mm & 400mm
respectively is 12m. Determine the
rate of flow
of water if coefficient of friction are
0.005, 0.0052 & 0.0048 respectively,

considering: (i) minor losses also (ii)


neglecting minor losses.

SECTION C
Answer ANY
Questions

Five

of

the

following

10*5
Q.1 Find the displacement thickness, the
momentum thickness & energy
thickness for the velocity distribution
in the boundary layer given by
u = y , where u is the velocity at a
distance y from the plate & u = U
U
at y= , where = boundary layer
thickness. Also calculate the value
of */.
Q. 2 A 60 bend in a horizontal plane has
its cross-sectional area at inlet &
outlet equal to 1 m2 & 0.5 m2
respectively. Calculate the magnitude &
direction of the force required to hold
the bend in position if the velocity
of water at inlet is 10 m/s & pressure
at inlet & outlet are 40 KN/m2 & 30
KN/m2 respectively.
Q.3 Derive the Expression for Bernoullis

Equation from Eulers Equation?


Q. 4 A pipe line 60 cm diameter

bifurcates at a Y-junction into two


branches 40cm & 30 cm in
diameter. If the rate of flow in the
main
pipe is 1.5 m3/s & mean velocity
of flow in 30cm pipe is 7.5 m/s,
Determine the rate of flow in the
40cm diameter pipe.
Q.5 A rectangular plane surface 3m wide
& 4m deep lies in water in such a way
that its plane makes an angle of 30
with the free surface of water.

Determine the total pressure force &


position of centre of pressure, when
the upper edge is 2m below the free
surface.

Derive the Expression for continuity


equation in Cylindrical Polar
Coordinate?
Q.6

Q.7
A differential manometer is
connected at the two points A & B of
two
pipes as shown in fig. The pipe A
contains a liquid of sp. gr.= 1.5
while pipe B contains a liquid of
sp. gr.= 0.9. The pressure at A & B

are 1Kgf/cm 2 & 1.80Kgf/cm2


respectively. Find the difference in
mercury level in the differential
manometer.