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Best Practices :

Habitat Planning & Design


for the Urban Poor

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation


Government of India
New Delhi

Best Practices :
Habitat Planning & Design
for the Urban Poor

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation


Government of India

M. VENKAIAH NAIDU
Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation,
Urban Development and Parliamentary Affairs
Government of India

Message

very person dreams of having his own house for


which he invests his efforts as well as hard earned
money. To fulfill this dream, Government of India has
launched the Housing for All by 2022 Mission. It calls for
concerted and collective efforts of the Central Government
and State Governments to achieve this goal. Private sector
is also envisaged to play a key role in providing affordable
housing on a large scale.
Considering the shortage of approximately 20 million
houses, it is imperative to adopt innovative approaches
and emulate adaptable best practices to fill this gap.
Model designs and plans which have been successfully
implemented by some of the states would hence be useful
for the projects under the new Mission.
The Mission Directorate with the assistance of Ministrys
agencies, namely, BMPTC and HUDCO has prepared
a compendium of model layout and housing designs
for different regions of the country. I am sure that this
compendium will help cities in preparing suitable layout
designs and housing models under the Housing for All by
2022 Mission.

(M. Venkaiah Naidu)

BABUL SUPRIYO
Minister of State for Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
and Urban Development
Government of India

Message

ousing for All by 2022 is indeed a challenging task


which requires a multi-dimensional approach.
To achieve the same, the Government of India
is looking forward to extensive participation of a wide range
of stakeholders. It is anticipated that Private Partners,
Corporates, Public Authorities, Financial Institutions and
others will assist the Government to accomplish this task.
While executing this task, it is equally important to emulate/
improve upon hitherto successful models/practices adopted
earlier and also to strengthen the scheme after incorporating
lessons learnt from the past.
I am happy to note that Mission Directorate under Ministry
of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation, GoI with the
support from Building Materials & Technology Promotion
Council (BMTPC & Housing & Urban Development
Corporation (HUDCO) has brought out this document
comprising successful models and practices in terms of
site plan, unit design and other items. I also understand
that green and sustainable practices have been considered
as critical selection parameters, given the scenario of fast
depleting conventional building resources & environmental
degradation.
I am sure that this document will serve as a guide for
engineers, architects and other stakeholders to achieve
our goal. I appreciate the efforts of BMTPC and HUDCO
under the guidance of the Mission Directorate in bringing
out this document with valuable information.

(Babul Supriyo)

DR. NANDITA CHATTERJEE


Secretary
Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
Government of India

Message

overnment of India has announced its flagship


scheme to provide Housing for All which envisages
construction of 20 million houses by 2022. The
strategy to achieve this goal would be through Affordable
Housing, Slum Redevelopment, Interest Subvention and
beneficiary led construction respectively.
To achieve the target of 20 million houses, there is an urgent
need to have standardized model designs and planning
norms which could be utilized by various implementing
agencies in the states for efficient and effective project
planning and execution.
Keeping this aspect in the mind, it was felt necessary to
prepare a document on good practices of mass housing
projects which have been successfully implemented by
various State Governments. Accordingly, some projects
representing all regions of the country are short listed
based on the criteria of innovativeness in design, planning
and use of sustainable eco-friendly building materials and
community participation. The work was entrusted to the
joint team of Building Materials and Technology Promotion
Council (BMTPC) and Housing & Urban Development
Corporation (HUDCO).
It is heartening to learn that BMTPC and HUDCO have
prepared the document of Projects showing layout, design
and innovative practices used in such projects.
It is hoped that States would take the fullest advantage
of the technical information provided in the publication
and utilize it in their future mass housing projects so as to
deliver sustainable housing to the beneficiaries of Housing
for All by 2022.

(Dr. Nandita Chatterjee)

SANJEEV KUMAR
Joint Secretary & Mission Director (Housing for All)
Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
Government of India

Foreword

he goal of housing for All by 2022 obviously require massive


construction of dwelling units, to the tune of 20 million units in
urban area within a span of less than 8 years. While planning
for new scheme, it was also felt appropriate to make use of successful
models & practices adopted in earlier projects.
Accordingly, a document has been prepared comprising of successful
layout design and plan adopted in selected projects, while making effort to
give representation to all zones of our vast country. The critical aspects of
DPR formulation as site lay out design, ensuring green & social facilities,
unit plan & design, use of alternate environment friendly building materials
/ techniques, fast construction technologies for mass housing, beneficiary
participation in the project formulation, implementation & monitoring, etc.
have been highlighted as best practices. The selected projects are either
complete or at various stages of implementation.
The task has been completed with the assistance of Building Materials &
Technology Promotion Council (BMTPC) & Housing & Urban Development
Corporation (HUDCO), who are the appraisal and monitoring agencies
for various schemes of this Ministry. I place on record the appreciation
for their sincere effort in selection of the projects & practices after the
evaluation of various project parameters. The document needs to be seen
in light of various constraints within which the slum rehabilitation projects
and housing projects for urban poor are planned & implemented.
I am sure the publication of this kind would immensely help the State
& Municipal planners, Engineers & Architects to plan better designed
housing projects for urban poor in ensuing scheme of Housing for all.

(Sanjeev Kumar)

Contents

S.
No.

State

City

Project Name

Page No.

Andhra
Pradesh

Peddapuram

Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for


the urban poor staying in slums of Peddapuram Municipality

Andhra
Pradesh

Vijaywada

Rehabilitation of flood victims of river Krishna and


Budameru Vagu in Vijayawada Municipal Corporation of
Andhra Pradesh

Delhi

Baprola, Phase-II

Slum relocation project at Baprola, Phase-II, Delhi.

12

Gujarat

Bhuj

Slum rehabilitation for Bhimrao Nagar-1, Ramdev nagar and


GIDC relocation site in Bhuj, Gujarat

19

Gujarat

Rajkot

Relocation of flood affected slum dwellers at various EWS


reserved plots of Town planning Schemes at Rajkot

26

Karnataka

Gadag

Housing for Urban Poor at Gangimadhi Nagar Ph-I, Gadag,


Karnataka

31

Kerala

Thiruvananthapuram

In-situ redevelopment of slum dwellers in Karimadom,


Thiruvananthapuram

36

Maharashtra

Dondaicha
Varvade

Slum Development & Rehabilitation scheme in Dondaicha


Varvade Town Ph-II, Maharashtra

42

Maharashtra

Lonar

Integrated Housing & Slum Development Programme,


Phase II at Lonar, District Buldana, Maharashtra

46

10

Maharashtra

Nagpur

Rehabilitation of slums on private lands through PPPNagpur city, Maharashtra

55

11

Maharashtra

Pimpri Chinchwad (Pune)

Integrated Rehabilitation Project for the urban poor staying


in slums in dangerous locations in Pimpri - Chinchwad
(Pune) Maharashtra

60

12

Mizoram

Champhai

Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for


Champhai (Phase II), Mizoram

65

13

Odisha

Bhubaneswar

Project for Damana & Gadakana slum, Bhubaneswar

71

14

Uttrakhand

Dehradun

Ram Mandir Kusthrog Ashram, Dehradun, Uttrakhand

74

15

West Bengal

Durgapur

Rehabiliation Scheme for the City of Durgapur, District


-Burdwan, West Bengal

78

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

1 : Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for the


Urban Poor in Slums of Peddapuram Municipality, Andhra Pradesh
Project Name

: Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for the Urban


Poor in Slums of Peddapuram Municipality

City/State

: Peddapuram, Andhra Pradesh

Project Cost

: Rs. 2817.60 Lacs

Year of Sanction
: Original Sanctioned in 2008-2009
Revised on 2011-2012
No. of DUs

: 1416

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
Shelter is one of the important basic needs of the human being and improves the living conditions of the Urban
Poor. To upgrade the standard of living of 1416 slum dwellers, the houses have been constructed in G+1 and
G+2 storeyed buildings at Pandavulametta of Peddapuram Municipality under IHSDP. The structures are RCC
framed with Fal-G masonry and joinery with RCC door and window frames to minimize the cost and speedy
completion of the project.

Best Practices Adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Dwelling Unit designed to suit the requirement of the BPL families.


Compact Cluster Layout.
Comprehensive Social & Physical Infrastructure.
Adoption of Innovative - Construction Materials &Technique
Community Participation and Allotment of dwelling units

A.

Dwelling Unit Design:

The aspirations and requirements of the urban poor are kept in mind while designing the dwelling units. The
dwelling unit comprises of one bed room, living, kitchen, bath WC, balcony and an entrance lobby.
The total number of blocks constructed in the layout plan are 69 (15 G+1 pattern and 54 G+2 pattern). In G+2
storied construction, each floor has 8 dwelling units and in G+1 storied construction, there are 4 dwelling units
in each floor. Thus, each G+1 block have 8 units and G+2 units have 24 dwelling units. The provision of balcony
facilitates drying of clothes and sitout for the occupants. Large entrance lobby has been provided for social
interaction and cohesiveness among the inhabitants. Figure 1 indicates dwelling units design.
B.

Compact Cluster Layout:

The project is like mini township housing 7000 inhabitants accommodated in 1416 dwelling units. The blocks are
arranged in row housing as well as cluster pattern around a number of large public open spaces. The large public
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Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

open spaces results in social interaction and strong community bond. The layout also has space earmarked
for school, hospital and commercial space. The layout plan & a view of the cluster layout is at Figure 2 & 3
respectively.
C.

Comprehensive Social & Physical Infrastructure:

The social infrastructure facilities include Anganwadi Centre, Health Center, bus stop, parks and skill development
center through convergence with State Government Programmes.
Similarly, civic infrastructure components as water supply system (with ELSR), roads (6m to 18m), external
electrification etc. have been covered comprehensively.
D.

Adoption of Innovative - Construction Materials & Technique:

1.

Flyash Lime Gypsum (Fal G) block masonry is used in the project as an alternative building material to
conventional bricks. Fal-G blocks are cost effective, environment friendly & speedy construction technology
compared to conventional bricks, mainly due to its larger size & smooth finish. RCC door frames and
window frames are adopted as a substitute to wood and it is cheaper than wooden door frames.

2.

RCC columns and beams have been used as framed structure with earthquake & cyclone resistant
measures, as Peddapuram falls in high coastal vulnerability to severe cyclones along Andhra coast.

3.

The agency took the initiative to appoint a Third Party Monitoring Agency for regular inspection and quality
control during the construction period. Figure 4 indicates the project under implementation.

E.

Community Participation and Allotment of Dwelling Units:

Community participation was mandated for effective implementation of the project. A Multi-disciplinary team
was constituted with officials from Municipality, Revenue and Housing to finalise the eligible beneficiaries. The
information brochure was published to bring about awareness amongst the beneficiaries. The entire information
was uploaded in the official website of APSHCL as well as published in local newspapers. All the dwelling units
have been happily occupied by the beneficiaries. Fig. 5 shows occupancy.

Figure 1: Dwelling unit Floor Plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 2 : Building blocks arranged in cluster

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 3: Building blocks arranged in cluster

Figure 4: Implementation of project

Figure 5: Beneficiary occupying a house.


5

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

2 : Rehabilitation of flood victims of river Krishna and Budameru


Vagu in Vijayawada Municipal Corporation of Andhra Pradesh.
Project Name

: Rehabilitation of flood victims of river Krishna and Budameru Vagu in


Vijayawada Municipal Corporation of Andhra Pradesh.

City/State

: Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh

Project Cost

: 25874.00 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2006-07

No. of DUs

: 13760 (G+3), RCC framed structure.

Development Model : Relocation

Background
The proposal is for re-settlement of slum househlds from 47 slum areas living on the bank of river/canal of
Krishna and Budameru at Machavaram and Jakkampudi area to new houses on various govt. plots. The project
has been sanctioned under BSUP scheme. The Jakkampudi & Gollapudi site is the largest site with 8608 no. of
DUs & related infrastructure components .

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Use of Alternate Construction Materials


Efficient site management
Unit Plan with comfortable living spaces & Building block with high wall sharing
Excellent planning and provision of Physical & Social Infrastructure

A.

Use of Alternate Construction Materials:

1.

Fal-G (Fly AshLime-Gypsum) bricks have been used in the construction work instead of burnt clay bricks.
These are cost effective and eco-friendly materials. Its compressive strength is about twice the locally
available conventional clay bricks.

2.

RCC Door & Window frames have been used instead of wooden frames. These are economical & bring
environmental benefits. However, the care needs to be taken for making provision of hinges at the time of
casting of frames.

3.

Bison panel (cement bonded particle wood) boards have been used as door and window shutters instead
of wooden shutters. The particle boards are made from wood wastes as wood chips, sawmill shavings etc.
& hence conserve the conventional wood.

B.

Efficient site management

1.

In order to meet the requirement of massive quantity of materials, the on-site production of many materials
such Fal-G bricks, RCC doors & window frames etc, were done.

2.

RMC plants have also been provided at site for uniform mixing & superior quality resulting in considerable

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

reduction in time & cost.


3.

Since production of various components were at site, transportation costs and damages were to the bare
minimum and materials were supplied readily and conveniently throughout the construction period.

C.

Unit Plan with comfortable living spaces & Building block with high wall sharing:

The dwelling unit comprises of two rooms (both 9 sqmt) within a carpet area of 25.1 sqmt. The bath & toilet is
accessible from both bedroom & living room through utility space/balcony thus maintaining the privacy of both
the rooms. The dwelling units have been constructed in modules of 4 storied buildings with 8 dwelling units on
each floor. Box type design with high wall sharing resulted in the reduction in the cost of DU (Fig-1).
D.

Excellent planning & provision of Physical & Social Infrastructure:

The physical infrastructure such as STP for sewage treatment, Electric sub-station, and elevated service reservoir
for water supply has been planned at Jakkampudi site. Similarly, under social infrastructure high schools, primary
health care centres, community hall, market, police station, bus-way, play ground at central location etc. have
been created (Fig-2). The solar panels have been mounted on some community buildings.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

Dwelling Unit Plan as part of the block plan.


Layout Plans
Photographs of under construction stage and completed buildings
Physical & Social Infrastucture Photos

Figure 1: Typical floor plan.

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 2: Jakkapmpudi & Gollapudi Site Layout Plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Photographs of under construction stage and completed buildings

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

10

Social (High School & Community Centre) and


physical infrastructure facilities

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

11

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

3 : Slum relocation project at Baprola, Phase-II, Delhi


Project Name

: Slum relocation project at Baprola, phase-II, Delhi.

City/State

: Baprola ,Delhi

Project Cost

: 9679.10 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2008-09

No. of DUs

: 2144 (G+3), Load bearing structure with corner Reinforcements

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
The proposal is for relocation of slum households from various locations to a single site at Baprola, near Najafgarh
in south west Delhi by providing new houses along with civic & social amenities. The project has been sanctioned
under BSUP.

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Use of cost effective & environment friendly materials/components & construction methodology
Efficient Unit Plan & Block Design
Cluster Planning & Overall layout
Time & Site Management plan

A.

Use of cost effective & environment friendly materials/components & construction methodology:

1.

Various cost effective alternate components/ materials such as precast RC plank and joist system for
intermediate slabs/roof, modular perforated mechanized clay bricks, modular fly-ash bricks, precast ferrocement elements such as steps, sunshades, lintel, kitchen platforms, roof top water tanks etc. have been
adopted in the project.

2.

Precast RC plank and joist roofing system (at Fig-1) results in substantial saving in steel & concrete and
brings about 20% economy in cost of roofing system as compared to RCC slab. These being Pre cast
components require shorter completion period as compared to a conventional system.

3.

200 mm thick brick wall in Flemish bond using machine made modular perforated bricks have been used.
This results in reduction in wall thickness & saving in material. No plaster is required on external faces & it
also provides heat and sound resistance.

4.

Precast ferro-cement elements have higher strength to weight ratio as compared to the ordinary reinforced
concrete. These elements are also lightweight in nature due to relatively small volume of material required.
These are easy to maintain and repair.

B.

Efficient Unit Plan & Block Design

1.

The dwelling unit plan offers comfortable living space with 25 sqmt of carpet/floor area with provision

12

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

of balcony and independent access to bath & toilet. The window opening area is 14% of the floor area
ensuring good day lighting & ventilation (Fig-2).
2.

The building block has been designed as four storied structure with 4 units on each floor (building elevation
at Fig-3). It offers privacy, natural light and ventilation to all the flats. The external face of building is in
exposed brick finish with bands at roof and lintel level giving aesthetic appearance.

3.

The building has been designed & constructed as load bearing structure which is economical in comparison
to RCC framed structure. The earthquake resistant features have also been taken in consideration.

C.

Cluster Planning & Overall layout

1.

The planning is such that the blocks are linked together with central green belt or parallel to roads (Fig-4).
The organized green area and other green spaces have been planned to improve the overall ambiance of
the area.

2.

The ground coverage is limited to below 30% besides achieving the low rise structure so as to maximize
open area. The density achieved is 234 dwelling units per hectare. The organized green area is about 20%
of the total area.

3.

The central open space of each cluster is free from vehicular movement or parking, therefore this space
can be effectively used for community activity; as play area for children etc.

D.

Time & Site Management plan

1.

The roofing elements and other structural elements such as stair steps, lintels, sunshades etc. have been
produced in workshop/casting yard at the site simultaneously, while the site preparation & foundation
works were under way. The construction time with the technologies adopted, may be upto 30% less than
conventional system, because use of technologies require no scaffolding or shuttering as there is no cast
in-situ concrete work required on site.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
v)

Plank & Joist roofing system


Dwelling Unit Plan as part of typical floor Plan
Building Elevation
Overall layout Plan
Actual Site Photos

13

Figure 1: Plank & Joist Roofing System

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

14

Figure 2: Dwelling Unit Plan as part of floor plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

15

Figure 3: Building Elevation

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

16

Figure 4: Overall Layout Plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

17

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Actual site Photographs

18

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

4 : Slum rehabilitation for Bhimrao Nagar-1, Ramdev nagar and GIDC


relocation site in Bhuj, Gujarat
Project Name

: Slum rehabilitation for Bhimrao Nagar-1, Ramdev nagar and GIDC


relocation site in Bhuj, Gujarat

City/State

: Bhuj, Gujarat

Project Cost

: 1480.61 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2013-14

No. of DUs

: 300 New; 4 Up-gradation (Single storied units), Load bearing Structure


with corner Reinforcement

Development Model

: In-situ re-development

Background
The proposal is for In-situ re-development with few units for Up-Gradation at three sites namely Bhimrao Nagar-1,
Ramdev nagar and GIDC relocation site in Bhuj with Eco friendly measures. The project has been sanctioned
under RAY.

Best Practices adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Expandable Traditional Unit with cluster planning


Innovative Environment Friendly services
Recycling of existing building components
Role of NGOs in ensuring community participation & project implementation

A.

Expandable Traditional Unit with cluster planning

1.

The Dwelling Unit design (at Fig-1) has traditional typology which involves two rooms and kitchen around
the courtyard with separate W.C and bath. In addition, a Verandah has also been provided. The houses
have been arranged in traditional cluster form after consultation with community. The three layouts are at
Fig-2,Fig-3 and Fig-4.

2.

Ground floor houses allow for vertical incremental growth to accommodate the increasing family sizes,
aspirations and requirements.

3.

The houses are oriented facing south and south-west direction which suits best for ventilation and wind
direction. This reduces the consumption of electricity & thus encourage green concept. Layout is efficiently
planned to maintain natural slopes and existing green spaces.

B.

Innovative Environment Friendly services:

1.

Dual Plumbing with Grey Water (from kitchen & bath) separation system has been provided to reduce load
on sewerage treatment system. The grey water will be treated at household level for reuse in irrigation and
vegetation purposes. Only the black water generated by toilets requires secondary treatment and will be
connected to either citys main drainage system or to the nearby existing system of DEWATs (Decentralized
19

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Wastewater Treatment System).


2.

Recharge bore wells for storm water has been proposed. This along with recharging the ground water
table is expected to reduce the TDS of underground water, which is much higher than permissible limit.
The water from these bore wells will be treated by RO plant to provide safe drinking water on nominal
charges.

3.

The segregation of wet & dry waste at collection point has been planned. The wet waste has been proposed
to be given to cattle owners within or near the settlement & dry waste is to be collected, processed &
recycled by identified agency.

4.

Solar street lights have been proposed.

C.

Recycling of existing building components

1.

Building material as well as debris has been planned to be recycled into building walls as a significant
environment friendly measure.

2.

Role of NGOs in facilitation of preparation of DPR, ensuring community participation & envisaged role in
project implementation. The DPR has been prepared by an NGO, Hunnarshala Foundation for Bhuj Nagar
Palika. The other three lead NGOs are to facilitate the project implementation.

3.

Extensive community participation has been ensured during preparation of DPR; from finalization of
beneficiary list to Dwelling Unit design ,Site Layout Design and provision of services. Slum committees
will be formed & empowered to implement program and manage all finances. The dwelling units are to be
constructed by community themselves.

4.

Building Materials Production yard has been proposed to be set up at one site to provide cheaper but
good quality building materials for construction of houses as well as to upgrade livelihood of unskilled
construction workers from the Slum.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)

20

Dwelling Unit Plan


Layouts showing Building Material Production Yard and Solid waste recycling center.
Layout Plan
3-D Model Views

Path way 4.50 mt. wide

Room 2
2.75 X 2.75

W.C.
1.20X1.00

Section

0.45

0.38

0.10

u.g. tank

staircase for
future expansion

Vertical bar
12mm dia.

P.C.C.(1:3:6)

U.C.R.Masonary

Compound wall detail:

coping

band-0.75mt. thick
in rcc 1:1.5:3

Scale 1:100

GROUND FLOOR PLAN

D E LI

2.83

0.23

Bath
1.20X1.23

Kitchen
2.00 X 1.91

4.26

4.72

Room 1
4.26 X 3.00

Verandah
2.04 x 2.14

0.45

0.23

1.81

1.66

Scale: 1:200

BLOCK PLAN (Ground fl. plan)

Path way 4.50 mt. wide

4.37

26.43

sq.m.

Total Area

3.21x3.21
44.20

10.30

C. (1.06x1.51)+(0.83x1.81) 3.10

B. 1.66 x 2.63

A. 4.72 x 5.60

Scale 1:100

depth of foundation
as per structural dwg.

0.23

FIRST FLOOR PLAN


(for Future expansion)

Verandah
4.26 x 2.14

Room 3
4.26 X 3.00

4.26

4.72

0.61

UCR masonry with


C.M.1:6

R.C.C. Slab
in rcc 1:1.5:3

G.F. Area Table

C D.

0.23

Scale 1:100

Section on 'AA'

3.21

1.06

4.72

Vertical bar
12mm dia.

G.L.

UCR masonry with sand


packing in joints

P.C.C.(1:3:6)

Plinth band- 0.10mt thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

Sill band-0.75mt thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

Lintel band-0.10mt thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

Vertical bar 12mm dia.

Sill band-0.75mt. thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

A
5.60

Total Area

A. (4.72 x 5.60)

F.F. Area Table

Compacted soil

P.C.C.(1:4:8)

26.43
26.43

sq.m.

Scale 1:100

ROOF LEVEL PLAN

4.72

0.20 thk. rubble


soling

Mangalore tile with


wooden under str.

Engineer / Surveyor :-

V. CERTIFICATE

Existing structure and adjoining property is seen by me and necessary


precaution will be taken for smooth working without any damage to existing work.
manhole connection is possible & is verified by me. certified that the plot under
reference was surveyed by me on
and the dimension of sides etc. of plot state on plan area as measure on site and
the area so worked out tallies with the area stated in document of ownership/ T.P. Record

Figure 1: Dwelling Unit Plan

(for future expansion)

Scale: 1:200

BLOCK PLAN (First fl. plan)

4.72

Mangalore tile with


wooden under str.

2.02

Gable band-0.75mt. thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

0.60 0.53

Roof band- 0.10 mt. thick


in rcc 1:1.5:3

2.45
1.10
0.90

7.25

13.77

Scale 1:100

1.52

0.15 0.45

0.23

3.00

0.23

1.91

1.23 0.23

0.17

0.23 1.00

2.33

0.23

2.75

0.23

2.45

1.11
2.00
2.75
0.45

0.23

3.00
0.23

2.14
4.96
3.21

Front Elevation :

0.83 1.51

0.45

5.60
2.63
2.33
3.21

0.45

PLAN TYPE -2

FSI

06.
07.

Item
Black

78.00

0.25 m
TREAD:RISER:-

AUTHORITY:-

Bhuj Nagar Palika

-----

----3.10

67.53

26.43

41.1

Schedule of Doors/Windows:
Ref. Desc.
Size
Qty.
D
door
0.90 x 2.00 2 + 1
D1
door
0.75 x 2.00 3
W
window
0.60 x 1.10 6 + 3
V
vent.
0.46 x 0.46 2

70.63

26.43

44.20

Under the HOMES IN THE CITY program

Foundation for Building Technology & Innovations


Bhuj - Kutch

ENGINEER,Str. ENGINEER,SUPERVISOR

0.17 m

0.90 m
HAND RAILING:-

CLIENT:-

0.83 m
WIDTH OF STAIR:-

DRAWN BY:-

REV. NO. :-

Drawing No.:- 1
DATE :-

Red
03. DRAINAGE AND SEWAGE WORK Red dotted
Blue dotted
04. GREY WATER LINE
Green
05. ROAD

01. PLOT LINE


02. PROPOSED WORK

No.

LEGEND

67.53/65=1.04<1.20

TOTAL
PARKING AREA

05.

32.50

----45.50

Basement

STAIR CABIN

Plot Area:- 65 sq.m

Per. B.up Pro. B. Less in FSI


Up Area FSI
Area
(Sq. m.) (Sq.m.) (Sq.m.) (Sq.m)

AREA TABLE

G.F.
F.F.

Floor

04.

03.

01.
02.

No.

ZONE:-RESIDENCE

PROPOSED BUILDING PLAN TYPE FOR SLUM-FREE CITY,


BHUJ UNDER SLUM REHABILITATION PROGRAM (RAY)
AT BHUJ-KUTCH
OWNER-BHUJ NAGAR PALIKA

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

21

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 2: Layout Plan Showing Production Yard

22

6.0
0

ya

4.72

ed
i

27
.4

90
.7

wh
ta
p

05.
4

45.98

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10

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4

ya

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27
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90
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ta
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07
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5.
4

5.
4

90
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27
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7
3.7

80
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27
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7
.7
13

7
9 .1

27
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7
.7
13

27
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7
9 .1

27
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7
.7
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27
.4

Recharge/
Bore well

8.49

27
.4

0.54 R

27
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7
.7
13

27
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7
.7
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32. 51

27
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4

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.
69 4
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LEGEND

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plant

7
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7
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05
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3.14

PLOT NO.

C.P.

27
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27
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4
.4
31

83. 8

90
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05
.0

7
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5.
4

9.25

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7
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4.
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27
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27
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Parking
Area

27
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1

7
3.7

LAND USE

2997
21600

Total land freed


Total area

7. 5

27
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61

.60

pp

7
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13

ea

7
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13

wid

7
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d
roa
ch
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0.06 R

2997

2115

326

556

sqm.

AREA

32
.1
3

AUTHORITY:

SCALE - 1:500

9 9.
6

LAYOUT PLAN

RESERVED FOR
LIG HOUSING

Figure 3: Layout Plan Showing Recycling Center

7. GARBAGE RECYCLING UNIT


(Reserved land)

Total land freed

Incidental spaces

1121

6535
1129

Roads

6. LIG HOUSING
(Reserved land)

Parking Area

LIG housing

1262

Common Plot / Recreational Area

4. INCIDENTAL SPACE

Garbage recycling unit


Livelihood infrastructure

5. LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITY
(Reserved land)

27
.4

7
.7
13

Parking
Area

7
.7
13

27
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7
3.7

5.
7

27
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.47
39

9.0
wid
empro
ap
ach
roa
d

75.79

42. 35

APPLICANT'S NAME:- BHUJ NAGAR PALIKA

PROPOSED USE OF FREED LAND

e str

eet

7
9 .1

27
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Raised & non


motorable area

90
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pa

7
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16
RECREATIONAL
i
AREAw 9 m 27.

27
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7
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13.03

1016

04. 4 R

Public Space (Community Buildings)

7540

65

sqm.

AREA

5.62

id
m w
2.4

7
.7
13

27
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7
3.7

05
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27
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Parking
Area

10. 90

7
.7
13

27
.4

Parking
Area

7 7
9 .1 4.7 0.03 R
1

27
.4

Total plot area (65 sqm x 116 nos)

1 to 116

4
.8
32
4
.4
33

15
.5

7
.7
13

R4.50

te
ert
s

86. 1 1

3. COMMON PLOT/
RECREATIONAL AREA

7
.7
13

27
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7
.2
18

.2
12

90
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w30.

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1 1.

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PUBLIC SPACE

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2

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1. PROPOSED HOUSING

27
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7.5

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2

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RECREATIONAL
AREA

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27
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27
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LIVELIHOOD
ACTIVITY

7
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13

27
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Parking
Area

27
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4.72

4w

t e 27. 4
ert
s
ed
i
7

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4.72

27
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Area

4.72

4.72

4.72

13.77

13.77

00
.6

13.77

13.77

wh
ta
p

13.77

ya

R4
.72

2.4 m wide street

R4.40

RESERVED FOR
GARBAGE
RECYCLING UNIT

R4
.89

R4
.50

22.55

R 6.
00

13.77

R6
.00

4
05.

R4.50

4.7
1

m
7.
5

05. 4 R

ap
pr
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4.
id
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5 2.
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59.
R6.00

13.01

RAMDEV NAGAR, SLUM FREE CITY - BHUJ, UNDER SLUM REHABILITATION PROGRAM (RAY) - LAYOUT PLAN

DISTRICT:- KACHCHH TALUKA:- BHUJ CITY:- BHUJ REVENUE SURVEY NO.: 870 PAIKI TOTAL LAND 21600 SQ.M.

CLIENT:

PREPARED BY:

Bhuj Nagar Palika

Under the HOMES IN THE CITY program

Foundation for Building Technology & Innovations


Bhuj - Kutch

SCALE - 1:2500

SURVEY PLAN

SCALE - 1:5000

KEY
PLAN

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

90. 4 1

18. 471

23

Figure 4: Layout Plan (3)

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

24

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

3-D Model Views of dwelling unit


25

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

5 : Relocation of flood affected slum dwellers at various EWS reserved


plots of Town planning Schemes at Rajkot, Gujarat
Project Name

: Relocation of flood affected slum dwellers at various EWS reserved plots


of Town planning Schemes at Rajkot.

City/State

: Rajkot, Gujarat

Project Cost

: 6328 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2008-09

No. of DUs

: 3168 (G+3), RCC Framed Structure

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
The proposal is for rehabilitation of vulnerable groups residing on the banks of Aji river/natural drain at 10
different EWS reserved plots under Town Planning scheme at Rajkot under BSUP.

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.

High FSI in Low Rise building without compromising on open spaces


Elaborate Project implementation & Monitoring Mechanism for EWS housing.
The Integrated Township Policy of State Govt. making easy availability of land in developed/to be developed
residential areas

A.

High FSI in Low Rise building without compromising on open spaces:

1.

3168 DUs constructed in G+3 RCC framed structure with each block consisting of 16 DUs.

2.

The average ground built-up coverage is 39% and the FSI range from 1.43 to 1.5 This range of FSI is
considered very good especially for such low-rise buildings & could be achieved by joining the blocks in
continuity through sides.

3.

The provision of organized open space including social amenities has been made, which ranges from
12% to 20% of the plot area except for one plot where it is 42.9%. The three site layout plans have been
enclosed (at Fig-1, Fig-2 & Fig-3).

4.

The carpet area of DU is 25.5 sqmt, and has been designed to provide adequate natural lighting and
ventilation. Also provision for cupboard, lofts etc is considered (refer Fig-4).

5.

Total average density considering all the plots is high. In cities where the land is scarce & requirement of
housing is high, such planning may be adopted for low rise buildings.

B.

Elaborate Project implementation & Monitoring Mechanism for EWS housing:

1.

Rajkot Municipal Corporation has made a separate cell for developing EWS housing which is headed
by the Additional City Engineer, who is assisted by three Deputy Executive Engineers; each of which is
assisted by Additional Assistant Engineers.

26

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

2.

RMC has its own material testing laboratory which is equipped with the latest material testing equipment
which is used by site engineers to carry out testing. It has a separate vigilance department which collects
samples of building materials during execution and tests them separately.

3.

There is a separate Awas Department in the Corporation which is responsible for maintaining records of
beneficiaries, details of allotment, contribution of beneficiaries etc.

4.

Apart from these measures, the provision of third party inspection by an external agency has been kept.
The progress of the project is also reviewed by the state level nodal agency-GUDM.

5.

A two-tier structure of community based organization (CBOs) called the Neighborhood Group (NHG) and
Neighborhood Committee (NHC) is to be formed. NHG is an informal association of 10-20 women from the
EWS community. NHG elects one Resident Community Volunteer (RCV) among them to oversee NHGs
functioning. All RCVs from each electoral ward form a NHC, which has a voting right.

C.

The Integrated Township Policy of State Govt. making easy availability of land in developed/to be
developed residential areas

1.

As per the State Policy, 10% of land under residential development is to be allocated for EWS, thus
resulting in easy & quick supply of land. These plots hence automatically come in well developed areas
which are covered by main roads, link roads & other physical as well as social infrastructures. It caters to
all beneficiary needs such as employment/ commercial needs as well as health and educational needs.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)

Three Layout Plans


Dwelling Unit Plan as part of typical floor plan
Site photographs

27

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 1: Layout Plan (1)

Figure 2: Layout Plan (2)

28

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Page 21

Page 21

Page 23

Figure 3: Layout Plan (3)

29

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 4: Dwelling Unit Plan

30

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

6 : Housing for Urban Poor at Gangimadhi Nagar Ph-I, Gadag,


Karnataka
Project Name

: Housing for Urban Poor at Gangimadhi Nagar Ph-I, Gadag, Karnataka

City/State

: Gadag, Karnataka

Project Cost

: 2395.49 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2014-15

No. of DUs

: 504 (G+1), Load bearing structure with Concrete Blocks

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
The proposal is for re-settlement of slum households living in untenable slums along the railway tracks, near bus
stand & railway station under RAY.

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Expandable Unit plan


Homogeneous Cluster planning
Efficient lay out ensuring green & community space
Taking advantage of natural land scape

A.

Expandable Unit plan:

1.

The Dwelling Units have been planned with scope for expansion. The provision of open yard in the ground
(refer Fig-1) and terrace in the first floor (refer Fig-2) can be used for household level livelihood activities or
for future expansion. Such incentives generally result in higher beneficiarys satisfaction, their willingness
for early shifting & higher contributions towards housing cost.

2.

Adequate natural lighting & cross ventilation has been ensured for all the living spaces with windows and
ventilators. In addition, the pedestrian walkways to the homes would also facilitate free air circulation.
These features have the potential to reduce the consumption of electricity and thus encourage green
concepts.

B.

Homogeneous Cluster planning:

1.

The lay out has been planned in the form of clusters integrating and grouping the communities. This
promotes social cohesiveness and provides human companionship and warmth to the beneficiaries who
may otherwise lack the resources for other entertainment activities.

2.

Each residential cluster has been planned with 24 units in G+1 form. There are 21 such clusters providing
for 504 housing units in the project. This central cluster open space surrounded by 24 units (Fig-3 & Fig-4
) is proposed to be jointly owned by beneficiaries association and is intended to be maintained by them.
The space may be planted with trees, have seating benches for house to house interaction between
neighbors & act as safe children play area. These spaces may also be used for various ceremonies of the
31

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

beneficiaries.
3.

The clusters have been planned in such a way that no corner space has been left at site thus eliminating
the possibility of any future encroachment.

C.

Efficient lay out ensuring green & community space (refer Fig-5)

1.

All the clusters have access to the roads with minimal circulation space. Parking facilities within each
cluster and a healthy walking neighborhood is promoted by providing spaces for walkways on either side
of the road and within the cluster.

3.

A huge central community square has been planned with about 2952 sqmt, which is 7% of the total site
area. It can be used for various activities ranging from community services to social and outdoor activities
such as playing games etc.

D.

Taking advantage of landscape

1.

The site has a natural advantage due to its gradually sloping contours towards the nallah nearby, hence
creating a natural landscape. This helps in reducing the cost of excavation work for various services.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)

32

Dwelling Unit Plans (2D and 3D views)


Cluster design (2D and 3D views)
Layout Plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 1: Dwelling Unit Plan showing expandable area at GF

33

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 2: 3D View of block showing expandable area at FF level

Figure 3: Cluster plan 24 units( G+1)


34

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 4: Cluster Design (3D)-24 units

Figure 5: Site Layout Plan (504 DUs)


35

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

7 : In-situ Redevelopment of Karimadom & Poonkumal Slum,


Thiruvananthapuram, Ph-II, Kerala
Project Name

: In-situ redevelopment of
Thiruvananthapuram, Ph-II

City/State

: Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

Project Cost

: Rs 3729.40 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2006-2007

No. of DUs

: 2680

Development Model

: In-situ redevelopment

Karimadom

&

Poonkulam

Slum,

Background:
Two (2) slums Karimadom & Poonkulam with 2680 households were redeveloped in-situ under Basic Services
to the Urban Poor (BSUP). Out of 2680 dwelling units, 680 units are constructed in G+3 storey in 34 blocks, each
block having 20 units and the remaining 2000 dwelling units are scattered single storey load bearing structures.
The G+3 building is designed in such a fashion that the number of units per floor reduce as we go up providing
large terrace spaces. This design provides an incentive to the beneficiary opting to go up. Environment friendly
and cost effective technologies, recycling of existing building material have been incorporated in the project to
further, reduce the cost of construction.

Best Practices adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Innovative Dwelling Unit Design and Layout Plan


Cohesive Social Infrastructure
Environment Friendly and Cost Effective Services & Innovations
Role of Kudumbashree to Enhance Community Participation and Project Implementation.

A.

Innovative Dwelling Unit Design and Layout Plan

1.

The constructed Ground + 3 storey buildings reflects the cultural and traditional design elements typically
followed in individual houses such as corridors, verandahs and other open spaces followed in Kerala. The
housing units have been designed according to the needs of the beneficiary and planned open space have
been provided in each unit. The typical dwelling unit design provides one room, one hall, toilet and kitchen
with built-up area of 26 sqm. The structure is a load bearing structure.
The building is designed in such a fashion that the number of units per floor reduce as we go up providing
large terrace spaces. The dwelling units on the first floor get more open terrace space than the ground
floor units and the units on second floor have larger terrace space than the units on first floor. The
large terrace spaces on the upper floors has motivated beneficiaries to prefer the upper storeys without
hesitation. Refer figures 1 & 2.
Storage space has been provided in the kitchen and bedrooms.
Several Parks along with large centralized open space is provided in the layout plan for cohesive social
interactions and community gatherings.
Piped water supply with individual water supply connections and common septic tank has been provided
for sanitation.

2.

3.
4.
5.

36

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

6.

Storm water drains are connected to the city drainage system.

B. Cohesive Social Infrastructure


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Study centre cum Library for children has been provided in the layout plan with separate study centre for
boys and girls.
Two (2) Anganwadis are already functioning in the settlement to cater the children of the community.
Two television sets are provided in community spaces which encourage social interaction and community
harmony.
The Biogas plant proposed in this development effectively utilises the solid waste and other bio degradable
materials to generate power for street lighting, which indicates usage of renewable energy.
Informal sector market and kiosks within the settlement not only cater to the daily needs of the community
but have also generated employment opportunities.
Community cluster centre has been planned to enhance the small scale production units of Kudumbashree
in making food products under hygienic premises.

C.

Environment Friendly and Cost Effective Services & Innovations:

1.

Load bearing walls have been adopted in construction which is cost effective by 34% when compared to
framed RCC structure.
Filler slab is provided instead of conventional RCC roof slab. Brick bat flooring has been provided by using
building waste materials like bricks, rubble etc., thus reducing the cost of construction.
Ferro cement water tank has been provided as alternative technology which is a substitute to RCC & PVC
water tanks. Ferro cement water tanks as an alternative technology is cost effective compared to PVC/
RCC.
Smokeless chula (cooking stoves) are provided to individual houses as an energy efficient mechanism.
Adequate tree plantation and landscaping in multipurpose open spaces, community gathering spaces and
play areas for the children have been provided for social cohesion & interaction.

2.
3.

4.
5.

D.

Role of Kudumbashree to Enhance Community Participation and Project Implementation.

Kudumbashree is the State Urban Development Agency and Nodal Agency for poverty eradication and urban
housing programmes. The three tier community based organisation structure of Kudumbashree i.e.. neighbourhood
groups (NHGs) comprising 20 members, Area Development Society (ADS) at the ward level ,The Community
Development Society (CDS) formed at the Panchayat/Municipal level, played an integral part in this project in
enhancing the community participation and effective implementation of the project.

37

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 1: Floor Plan showing Terraces

38

Figure 2: Section & Elevation showing Terraces

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

39

Figure 3: Layout Plan

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

40

Actual Site photographs

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

41

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

8 : Slum Development & Rehabilitation Scheme in Dondaicha


Varvade Town Ph-II, Maharashtra
Project Name

: Slum Development & Rehabilitation Scheme in Dondaicha Varvade Town


Phase-II, Maharashtra

City/State

: Dondaicha Varvade, Maharashtra

Project Cost

: Rs 2397.07 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2008-2009

No. of DUs

: 1050

Development Model

: Insitu re-development

Background:
Dondaicha Varvade city is in taluka Sindkheda, district Dhule, Maharashtra. The IHSDP project is for insitu redevelopment of 3 slums in Dondaicha-Varwade wherein 1050 G+1 storied dwelling units are implemented in
a cluster pattern providing plenty of space for social interaction among the inhabitants. Infrastructure facilities
namely water supply, sewerage, storm water drains, roads etc., have been implemented.

Best Practices adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Incremental Housing (Expandable) for Future Expansion of Family


Cluster Planning for Social Interaction
Environment Friendly Habitat
Inclusive social infrastructure facilities
Project Sustainability

A.

Incremental Housing (Expandable) for Future Expansion of Family(Refer Fig.1)

1.
i.
ii.
2.
3.
4.

There are 2 stages of Clusters Planning


6 DUs are placed in such a manner so as to form a cluster
Such building clusters are again grouped in 3 to 4 such cluster patterns
Complete privacy at night for both occupants of living room & bed room. Individual access to bath & W.C.
Wet area of the units is grouped together and piping is concealed as it passes through shaft.
Common washing platform is provided for open cloth washing as well as for common water tap in the event
of scarcity of water.
4 to 6 Dwelling units assembled in C/Square pattern to form Cluster building with central open space to act
as play area and community area for social interaction.
Incremental house design has been adopted. Open corners are formed in this planning resulting in space
for future provision of one room to the each inhabitant as per requirement.

5.
6.

B.

Cluster Planning for Social interaction (Refer Fig.2 &3)

1.

Cluster housing containing several common wall and consequent reduction in cost of housing.

42

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

2.

3.
4.
5.

Building in cluster form creates court-yard; the court yard will serve as common space/ veranda as well
as enhances social interaction area among the inhabitants.Common allotted secured 2 wheeler parking
is designed in front of every building. The cluster layout plan has created central public open spaces for
social interaction resulting in strong community bond and one to one interaction amongst the inhabitants;
as illustrated in Fig.3.
Simple 0.35cm wide x 0.35cm height brick work in front of parking corners serves as a bench in the garden
where people can sit & watch tiny tots playing & keep an eye on them.
2 electric poles in the each Cluster are provided for lighting and safety / security of the Habitant.
Concrete Roads/ Pavers, pathways, parking, underground drainage facility, 24 hours water facility create
high standard look and rich feeling as well as require less maintenance in the future also. Figure 4 shows
a layout plan.

C.

Environment Friendly Habitat

1.

3.

Recharge bore wells for storm water has been proposed at public building in all layouts. This will not only
recharge the ground water table but will also reduce the total dissolved solids (TDS) of underground water.
The water from these bore wells have been proposed to be used for general water requirement for public
building as well as secondary source of water to slum dwellers.
The households in the settlement segregate the dry and wet waste in two separate containers and a
ghanta gadi collects the waste from door to door. The wet waste is used for compost manure and dry waste
is segregated and sold to regeneration plant.
Building material as well as debris was used for land filling and leveling.

D.

Inclusive social infrastructure facilities

1.

Besides civic infrastructure, cohesive social infrastructure facilities such as informal sector market, community
centre, primary health centres have been provided to cater to the needs of the target beneficiaries. The
community centre is designed for social gatherings / meetings for educating and conducting capacity
building for the beneficiaries in various programmes related to education, health and social security.
Besides, community centre is being rented out for marriages parties etc. The vending platforms in the
informal sector market will be rented out on a time sharing basis. The primary health centres have doctor
rooms for female and male doctors, dressing & compounders room. The resource generated from renting
of community centre and informal sector market is being used for operation and maintenance of the
social infrastructure facilities. The health and education facilities available in the vicinity will cater to the
requirements of the neighborhood. A Balwadi is also functional. Figure 5 shows actual photographs of
health centre and balwadi.

E.

1.

Project Sustainablility

2.

2.

The health centres have been handed over by ULB to Rotary Club. Moreover, the Council has handed over
a newly built Community Centre to a social group (Ganesh Mandal) from the same locality for successful
running of the centre in the benefit of residing beneficiaries. The community centre is used for community
functions such as marriages, Ganesh-Utsav, Ambedkar-Jayanti, etc.
Shops and Bhaji ottas in the Informal market are other income generating avenues.

43

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 1: Building cluster

Figure 2: Set of Building clusters


44

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 3: Photograph of actual cluster planning

Figure 4: Layout Plan

Figure 5: Photographs of Health Centre & Balwadi


45

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

9 : Housing & Slum Development Programme, Phase II at Lonar,


District Buldana, Maharashtra
Project Name

: Housing and Slum Development Programme, Phase II at Lonar, District


Buldana, Maharashtra

City/State

: Lonar, Maharashtra

Project Cost

: Rs 2353.02 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2011-12

No. of DUs

: 606

Development Model

: Relocation

Background:
Lonar has a huge crater, only example of hypervelocity impact on basaltic rock in the world, with a salty lake
inside, having numerous species of birds, animals, plants, trees & aquatic organisms. 606 slum families situated
in eco sensitive and no development zone of world famous Crater (also in 100m periphery of Daityasudan Mandir
and Nimbi Barav archaeological monuments) were identified for relocation in the IHSDP project. The relocation
site is 1.5 km away from Crater at Durga Tekdi in S. No. 226 which is a Government Land. The instant project
is planned and designed as an eco-friendly habitat with provision for water harvesting, cleaning and utilization.
Dual piping for toilets have been adopted with a view to reusing the water for horticulture. The habitat is well
designed inclusive neighborhood colony for the urban poor characterized by a well conceptualized effort at social
cohesion. All such efforts are wisely designed as per daily needs and requirements of the slum dwellers. An
attempt has been made not only to amalgamate slum dwellers with rest of the society but also to maintain and
harness their livelihood activities to increase their quality of life and economic status.

Best Practices adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.

Green Building Concept


Incremental Building Design and Planning
Cluster Planning along the Topography
Eco Friendly Building Materials and Construction Techniques
Environment Friendly Services and Innovations
Landscaped Gardens
Awards and Recognitions

A.

Green building concept

The project is implemented as Green Building Project under the Guidelines of GRIHA (Green Rating for Integrated
Habitat Assessment) & Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India. A team of experts such
as Green Building Consultants TERI, Architect Cum Project Management Consultants, Plumbing Architect,

46

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Electrical Expert, Landscape Architect etc. worked with synergy on the project. The careful selection of building
technologies and materials promotes conservation of energy thereby reducing carbon footprint.

B.

Incremental Building Design and Planning

1.

The dwelling unit is designed keeping in view the lifestyle and requirement of the beneficiaries. Individual
typology of a house design comprises of two rooms, kitchen with separate W.C and bath. In addition,
large entrance lobby and verandah provides ample space to the inhabitants for social interaction and
encourages community bonding.
The houses are arranged in a cluster pattern creating a central tot-lot, open green area for children to play,
youngsters to jog and elders to sit & socialize.
Incremental house design has been adopted, thereby providing earmarked space for expansion of housing
units i.e. Growing housing concept. Ground floor houses allow expansion within plot boundary as the
family size, aspirations and requirements increase; while first floor houses allow for expansion on terrace,
refer Fig.1.
The houses have been designed and oriented in such a way that it suits best for ventilation and wind
direction. This reduces the consumption of electricity & thus encourage green concept. Thermal and visual
comfort has been maintained in the planning and implementation of the buildings.

2.
3.

4.

C.

Cluster Planning along the topography

1.

The cluster planning is done keeping in view the existing site topography. The placement of building and
cluster is proposed with respect to the contours, existing trees and site features.
The township planning is done with integration of green spaces with amenities, cluster blocks, community
facility as community centre for social gathering, crche for kids of working women, health centre, library,
anganwadi, informal sector market, livelihood centre to provide a sense of living in harmony with nature,
refer Fig.2.

2.

D.

Eco Friendly Building Materials and Construction Techniques

Cost effective and energy efficient building materials & construction techniques have been used for the
construction in the project. Innovative and cost effective construction technology and building material along with
its advantage is mentioned below:

Type
Building Material

Details

Advantages

Fly Ash Brick

Reduction in CO2 Emission

Precast CC Frames

Reduction in Cost of Centering Material

Rat Trap Bond

Reduction in Quantity of Bricks and Mortar. Refer


figure 3.

Filler Slab

Reduction in Excess and unnecessary use of


Concrete in Slab. Refer figure 3.

Building Techniques

E.

Environment Friendly services & innovations:

1.

The house sites are arranged in clusters so as to save the sanitation cost. All the houses are connected
through the sewer line, which is finally connected to the Geo Green Bio Filter (Eco Base Treatment) refer
Fig.4.
47

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

2.
3.
4.
5.

6.
7.

F.

The fundamental principle of Green Bio Filter (GBF) lies in the natural carbon cycle. The carbon compounds
in the sewage are degraded by aerobic bacterial process and converted in carbon dioxide and water.
This (disposal of waste) is happening in nature without human intervention. The ecosystem of selected
natural microorganisms is engineered in the filter bed of GBF sewage treatment plant. Nutrients to these
bio-agents come from sewage. Micronutrients and surface or housing is provided by the selected mineral
rocks. Controlled flow of sewage is distributed on the top of filter bed with pump and pipes. Sewage slowly
moves downwards over the surface of filter media, impurities are consumed by ecosystem and clean water
flows out. Entire process is aerobic hence stinking gases like ammonia, methane, and hydrogen sulfide are
not generated which makes it odour free. Further due to aerobic process, lots of anaerobic pathogens are
destroyed in the filter bed thus reducing requirements of sanitizers.
The system has been designed as a combined system for sewage & sullage system, based on conventional
water carriage method.
Waste water from Toilets, Kitchen etc., are connected to gully trap chamber through separate drainage
system.
From the manhole the combined sewage & sullage is conveyed by gravity through a network of pipes.
The treated water is collected in Recycled Water Tank. Dual Plumbing with Grey Water separation system
has been planned to reduce load on sewerage system and recycling of wastewater. The water shall be
reused for gardening and flushing in common amenity areas.
There is segregation of wet & dry waste at collection point. Door to door collection of waste shall be done
by Municipal Council and is well linked to the citys existing garbage collection system.
Centralized Solar Powered Street light System is built with roof top installation of all solar panels in one
location and the electronic batteries are installed in a control room. The AC output from invertors is supplied
to street lights as per GRIHA norm, refer Fig.5.
Landscaped Gardens

It is proposed to develop Gardens & Open Spaces as per the Guidelines issued for Sustainable Site Planning
with the protection & preservation of site contours. Measures adopted are as follow:

Preservation of Top Soil on the site


Maximum plant species are indigenous in nature and require low maintenance, care and water once
established.

The open spaces are planned on the basis of existing contours so as to reduce cut and fill. Hence series of
plazas and pause points are all linked together by a single jogging/walking track. Figure 6 & 7 illustrates the
neighborhood and cluster level. Figure 8 indicates the project under implementation.
G.

Awards and Recognitions

1.

The project was nationally recognized and appreciated when it got HUDCO Design Award for New
and Innovative Town Design Solutions / Eco Cities by HUDCO, New Delhi. The houses are designed
considering the local climate and environmental conditions of the site. Use of energy efficient materials,
construction technologies, and design as climate responsive building makes it appreciable among such
housing schemes usually seen around,refer Fig.9.
The project also received an award by Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India for
Exemplary Demonstration of Use of Sustainable Building Materials at GRIHA Summit, held on 12th-14th
March, 2015 at India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road, New Delhi,refer Fig.10.

2.

48

Figure 1: Incremental building design

Ground Floor Plan

First Floor Plan

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

49

Figure 2: Cluster Plan of neighborhood

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

50

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 3: Rat trap bond and Filter slab technology

Figure 4: Geo Green Bio Filter

Figure 5: Centralized Solar Powered Street Lighting System


51

Figure 6

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

52

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 7: Cluster level Landscape plan

Figure 8: Glimpse of project under implementation


53

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 9: HUDCO Design Award

Figure 10: GRIHA Summit Award


54

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

10 : Rehabilitation of slums on private lands through PPP-Nagpur


city, Maharashtra
Project Name

: Rehabilitation of slums on private lands through PPP-BSUP scheme in


Nagpur city, Maharashtra.

City/State

: Nagpur, Maharashtra

Project Cost

: 3748.00 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2012-13 (Revised)

No. of DUs

: 1694 (G+3), RCC Framed structure.

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
The proposal is for rehabilitation of slum households living on reserved lands of ULB to the relocation site with
piece of land offered by Private developer under Public Private Partnership (PPP) model. The project has been
sanctioned under BSUP

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Model of Project Implementation


Benefits of the PPP scheme
Efficient Dwelling Unit & Building plan

A.

Public Private Partnership (PPP) Model for slum Rehabilitation project:

1.

Under this PPP model, the private developers have to make their own private land available as relocation site
for slum rehabilitation project and construct housing & related infrastructure as per BSUP/SRA guideline.

2.

With regard to the selection of private developers, an expression of interest was called from the interested
parties with details of lands and layout development plans. After scrutiny of these plans and other necessary
documents like ownership documents etc., their selection was approved.

3.

For the land made available by the private developer &, the developer is to be compensated in terms
of TDR for the land (to be released in three phases). Apart from land, the developer has to contribute
30% of housing cost & 40% infrastructure cost, for which the developer is to be compensated in terms
of construction TDR. The financial contribution from GoI & State Govt. is 50% & 10% of project cost
respectively, while the beneficiary contribution is additional 10% of housing cost only.

4.

The construction TDR is calculated in ratio of cost of construction to valuation of the land per square feet
as per the government valuation.

5.

The site offered by the private developer enjoys higher FSI (2.5) on account of being slum rehabilitation
site. Also, the developer is allowed 25% commercial exploitation on this site which makes this scheme
viable.

55

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

6.

In case of positive viability, premium is to be taken in form of extra dwelling units to be handed over to the
SRA; in case of a negative viability despite of the above mentioned benefits, SRA will give the viability gap
by leveraging slum TDR created by clearing of the slums.

7.

Beneficiary contribution has been proposed to be taken during the shifting of them into the new dwelling
units and final one third TDR of land will be paid once this shifting is complete.

B.

Benefits of the PPP Scheme:

1.

Additional land becomes available to the ULB at no cost at the location preferred by the slum dwellers. The
area under slums gets available for development as per reservation.

2.

Extra housing in the form of premium gets available to SRA for slum prevention and improvement
schemes.

3.

There is a good probability of getting some of these private lands in prime areas as TDR generated in these
areas fetch more revenue.

4.

This model involves private developers without much requirement of liquidity from their side. This makes
construction more attractive and feasible giving boost to these activities in the city which will eventually
give rise to more direct and indirect employment/benefit for the Urban Poor.

5.

As the area offered by the private developers will be well spread across the city, the opportunities for the
slum dwellers may be available with minimum mobility.

C.

Efficient Dwelling Unit & Building plan:

1.

The dwelling units are in the form of G+3 Blocks. In the dwelling unit, a balcony has been provided with bed
room, & in addition an open utility space has also been provided through living room. There is independent
access of bath & toilet from both rooms. Good natural lighting & ventilation has been ensured for all the
living spaces with windows and ventilators (Fig-1)

2.

The building blocks have large sharing of wall, which makes the construction economical. Two building
plans have been considered with one having 48 units & other 80 units per block. The FSI consumed is
about one which is considered good while taking into account the open areas & development of social
facilities at site based on SRA guideline. (Fig-2)

Attachments:
i)
ii)

56

Two types of Building Plans including dwelling unit plan


Overall layout including social infrastructure

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 1: 3D View of Dwelling Unit

Figure 2: Building Plan Type-II CLUSTER-5

57

Overall Layout (1)

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

58

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 4: Model Pictures

Figure 5: Actual Construction Photographs

59

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

11 : Integrated Rehabilitation Project for the Urban Poor Staying


in Slums in Dangerous Locations in Pimpri - Chinchwad (Pune)
Maharashtra
Project Name

: Integrated Rehabilitation Project for the Urban Poor Staying in Slums in


Dangerous Locations in Pimpri - Chinchwad (Pune) Maharashtra

City/State

: Pimpri - Chinchwad (Pune) Maharashtra

Project Cost

: Rs. 22807.74 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2007-2008 (Originally sanctioned)

No. of DUs

: 6720

Development Model

: Relocation of the urban poor staying in slums in dangerous locations in the


city.

Background:
With the vision of Sustainable Slum Less City and sustainable solution for Urban Poor Housing, Pimpri
Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC) had proposed affordable housing stock of 6720 EWS dwelling units
under BSUP in Sectors 17 & 19 in Chikhali area of Pune for the urban poor and economically weaker section
families who aspire to own a dwelling unit in the city, but cannot afford due to high market costs. PCMC is using
mass speedy construction technology structures namely Monolithic RCC load bearing walls & slabs structure
with aluminium formwork technology

Best Practices adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Efficient Dwelling Unit Design


Compact Cluster Layout
Adequate Physical & Social Infrastructure
Adoption of Innovative - Speedy Construction Technology
Community Participation and Allotment of Dwelling Units

A.

Efficient Dwelling Unit Design:

The aspirations and requirements of the urban poor was kept in mind while designing the dwelling unit. Community
participation, socio-economic surveys conducted by NGOs, public presentations and by constructing a sample
/ model house in the central location of the city for demonstration to the community and other stake holders,
helped in designing the dwelling unit. The dwelling unit comprise of one bed room, living, kitchen, bath WC,
terrace and an entrance lobby. There is complete privacy at night for occupants of both the rooms as there is
individual access to toilet/bath. The sun shade / chajja outside the window, protects from rain and direct sun rays.
The provision of terrace with sufficient area will have multifuctional use as it can accommodate a cot, serve as a
sitout area & can also be used for drying clothes etc.
A three side open dwelling unit arrangement with 6 units per floor served by a stairs & lift in the centre creates an
internal courtyard open space for social and visual open communication. To maximize / optimize land utilization,
stilted parking plus 7 floors buildings are designed with proper firefighting system and services. Figure 1 shows
the dwelling unit design.

60

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

B.

Compact Cluster Layout:

The EWS Township is designed for 6720 dwellings units with 160 buildings arranged by creating a central
courtyard between four buildings cluster and a larger open space created between four such clusters. The
square layout pattern of approx. 500m x 500m facilitates walking convenience in the campus for the residents as
indicated in Figure 2. A well designed Social infrastructure is converged within. A view of the cluster complex is
reflected in figure 3.
C.

Adequate Physical & Social Infrastructure:

A well designed water supply system, sewage treatment, roads & storm water drainage, street lighting &
external electrification network, solid waste management & sanitation programs are already implemented
under JNNURM Urban Infrastructure schemes with targeted population of 2020.
Community centers, health care facilities, educational facilities, street vendors markets, civic facility centers
are developed in the new Town.

D.

Adoption of Innovative - Construction Technology:

With standardized modular design, the construction is done with Monolithic RCC load bearing walls using
Aluminum shuttering as indicated in Figure 4. The structural designs are vetted by Govt. College of Engineering,
Pune and Quality Assurance Programs are regularly monitored.
E.

Community Participation and Allotment of dwelling units:

Community participation was mandated for effective implementation of the project. NGOs facilitated community
participation during project formulation and project implementation. Broadly, the role of NGOs and other
institutions were:1.

2.
3.

For selection of beneficiaries, a detailed public transparent procedure was followed by PCMC by involving
University of Pune. The department of Science & Technology Park, designed a dedicated special software
and evolved the eligibility lists as well as allotment.
PCMC published an information brochure for awareness of the scheme. The entire information was
uploaded on the website as well as published in local newspapers.
For identification of beneficiaries, slum cadastral surveys was carried out by NGO- MASHAL.

Thousands of eligible needy urban poor happily occupied the EWS houses. Figure 5 shows a beneficiary
occupying a house. PCMC devised a Continuous Improvement Program to address the needs, complaints of
occupants at social and technical level. NGOs and Expert technical team was appointed to monitor and comply
with the registered complaints and for awareness and improvements. Figure 5 shows a beneficiary occupying a
house.

61

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 1 A: Dwelling unit design

Figure 1 B : Dwelling unit design

62

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 2 : Cluster Plan of Township

Figure 3: Building blocks arranged in cluster

63

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 4: Monolithic RCC construction

Figure 5: Beneficiary occupying a house

64

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

12 : Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for


Champhai (Phase II), Mizoram
Project Name

Integrated Housing and Slum Development Programme for Champhai


(Phase II), Mizoram.

City/State

Champhai, Mizoram

Project Cost

623 .00 Lacs

Year of Sanction

2008-09

No. of DUs

376 (Single Storied), Bamboo mat Walling with wooden frame & CGI
Roofing sheet

Development Model

In-situ Development

Background
The proposal is for in-situ development of beneficiaries on their own parcel of land with basic civil and social
amenities under IHSDP.

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Green building Specifications in compatibility with hilly region


Traditional Community Centre
Development of public Water Point
Efficient Unit Plan

A.

Green building Specifications in compatibility with hilly region

1.

The type of construction used in the project is called Assam Type Building. The columns, beams and door
frames are made of first class timber.

2.

The Bamboo Mat Boards walling have been used with CGI sheet skirting.

3.

Wooden plank flooring has been used. The sloping roof has been laid with Corrugated Galvanized iron
(CGI) over rafters and purlins made of wood.

4.

The provision of rain water harvesting tank has been kept with DUs, which stores the rain water from roof
directly through pipes.

5.

The specifications adopted primarily use local materials as wood & bamboo for walling, flooring & roof
support structure. The CGI sheet roofing & wall skirting are only items transported from plain area,
however this item is of significantly low volume in comparison to components required for RCC/ Masonry
construction. Such kind of specifications is appropriate for cost effective construction in hilly regions &
encourages green concept (Fig-1).

B.
1.

Traditional Community Centre


One large community center with 250 sqmt area having dispensory, crech and a big central hall in line with
local tradition has been constructed (Fig.2)
65

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

C.

Development of public Water Point

1.

The beneficiaries in this region rely largely on natural water points for their water supply needs. These
water points are fed by natural streams and have regular and constant source of water. But, it was found
that the public water points were getting polluted or degraded due to lack of proper cover/shelter and most
of the water get wasted due to runoff of water with no proper water storage area. Therefore, public water
points (2 Nos) have been developed as tanks using masonary structure with CGI roofing to collect the
stream water as well as rain water. The tank is fitted with outlet taps so that beneficiaries can collect water
with buckets or other containers. It is also fitted with an outlet valve for cleaning or for supplying water to
buildings by means of pipeline as required. It is also fitted with an overflow valve at the top portion. This
would greatly enhance water availability to beneficiaries (Fig-3).

D.

Efficient Unit Plan:

1.

The dwelling unit plan offers comfortable living space with about 25 sqmt of carpet/floor area. Each dwelling
unit comprises of a living room, a bed room, kitchen and independent access to bath and a toilet. In
addition, the verandah has also been proposed. High amount of window opening area is provided ensuring
good day lighting.

2.

In Assam type unit, due to thin section of wall, the carpet area to plinth area ratio is very high (>90%) and
thus there is efficient utilization of space.

The photographs of some of the constructed houses have also been enclosed.

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)

7.3 Housing

Dwelling Unit Plan


Requirement
Building section & elevation
plan of
Total number
Actual Site Photographs Type design

376 dwelling units is proposed in the project.

Figure 1 A: Dwelling Unit Plan


42 and overview
66

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 1 B: DU plan43
& section

67

7.4 Community Centre


Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
Requirement
As per requirement, 1 No. of community center is proposed in the Electric Village Council.
Unit design

Figure 2: Community Centre

49
68

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Design

Figure 3: Public Water


55 Point

69

Actual Site Photographs of Dwelling Unit

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

70

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

13 : Rehabilitation Project for Damana & Gadakana Slum, Bhubaneswar,


Odisha
Project Name

: Rehabilitation Project for Damana & Gadakana Slum, Bhubaneswar,


Odisha.

City/State

: Odisha, Bhubaneswar.

Project Cost

: Rs. 745.26 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2008-2009

No. of DUs

: 192

Development Model

: Relocation

Background
With the vision of Sustainable Slum Free City and sustainable solution for Urban Housing for Poor, Bhubaneswar
Development Authority (BDA) has planned affordable housing stock under BSUP of 192 EWS dwelling units in
G+3 structure at Damana & Gadakana, Bhubaneswar for the urban poor and economically weaker section
families who aspire to own a dwelling unit in the city. The project lay-out has been finalized in consultation with
the beneficiaries and community development society already existing in the Urban Local Bodies (ULB).

Best Practices Adopted in Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

Efficient Dwelling Unit Design


Compact Cluster Layout
Adequate Physical & Social Infrastructure
Adoption of Cost Effective Materials
Community Participation and Allotment of Dwelling Units

A.

Efficient Dwelling Unit Design:

The dwelling unit design provides for 25.7 Sq.m. carpet area which accommodates two rooms, kitchen, separate
bath and W.C and balcony. The building design provides for plenty of storage spaces such as loft in the
passage area, built-in cupboards in both the rooms and kitchen facilities storing of personal belongings etc.
There is adequate light & ventilation within the housing units through windows and cross ventilations, wherever
possible.
A three side open dwelling unit arrangement with 8 units per floor is served by a staircase and internal courtyard
open space for social & visual open communication. To maximize / optimize land use, G+3 floor buildings are
designed with proper services. Figure 2 shows the dwelling unit design.
B.

Compact Cluster Layout:

The cluster planning approach has been adopted for the layout plan with 6 blocks in G+ 3 configurations in R.C.C
framed structure. Special emphasis has been given to provide larger open spaces around the blocks for light and
ventilation. Adequate space has been earmarked around the blocks for plantation to make the ambience green.
Figures 1 & 2 illustrates the cluster layout and building blocks in the cluster.

71

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

C.

Adequate Physical & Social Infrastructure:

A well designed water supply system, sewage treatment plant, roads & storm water drainage, street lighting,
external electrification network, solid waste management & sanitation are implemented in the project.

Community centre and informal market are provided as cohesive social infrastructure facilities.

The project area is surrounded by health care and educational facilities and other civic facilities in the
vicinity will cater to the settlement.

D.

Adoption of Cost Effective Materials:

Steel doors & windows have been used as a substitute for wood to save the environment.
E.

Community Participation and Allotment of dwelling units:

Community participation was mandated for effective implementation of the project. Bhubaneswar Municipal
Corporation facilitated community participation during project formulation and project implementation.

The project lay-out has been finalized in consultation with the beneficiaries and community development
society already existing in the Urban Local Bodies (ULB).

For selection of beneficiaries, a detailed public transparent procedure was adopted by Bhubaneswar
Municipal Corporation.

Actual site photographs

Figure 1: Layout Plan


72

TYPICAL UNIT DESIGN

Figure 2: Dwelling unit design

TYPICAL FLOOR PLAN

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

73

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

14 : Ram Mandir Kusthrog Ashram, Dehradun, Uttrakhand


Project Name

Ram Mandir Kusthrog Ashram, Dehradun, Uttrakhand

City/State

Dehradun, Uttrakhand

Project Cost

164.00 Lacs

Year of Sanction

2009-10

No. of DUs

27 (Single Storied), Load bearing Structure with Cement Concrete blocks

Development Model

In-situ Up-gradation

Background
The proposal is for in-situ up-gradation of single room dwelling units constructed under VAMBAY scheme for
leprosy afflicted persons, along with basic civic and social amenities up-gradation under BSUP.

Best Practices adopted in the Implementation of the Project:


A.
B.

Up-gradation of single room DUs to comfortable living space in one/two room DUs
Up-Gradation in Civic & social amenities

A.

Up-gradation of single room DUs to comfortable living space in one/two room DUs

1.

The existing unit plan constructed under VAMBAY (refer Fig-1) having single room which included a kitchen
space, bath & WC with access from outside, have been upgraded with comfortable living space in one/
two room dwelling units. The leprosy afflicted persons living alone has been up-graded to single room with
comfortable space & leprosy afflicted persons living with family have been up-graded to two room space.

2.

In the single room DU (19 Nos), the existing unit has been remodeled by keeping the single room intact and
restructuring the bathroom and toilet area to carve out a kitchen area with a cooking slab, a sink, space for
storage cupboard and a combined bathroom and toilet (Fig-2).

3.

In the double room DU (8 Nos), two single existing housing units have been clubbed together by redesigning
to form one whole unit with two rooms, one kitchen, one bathroom, one toilet and a courtyard space (refer
Fig-3).

4.

The dwelling unit plans offer comfortable living space of about 21.76 sqmt for single room unit and and 37.2
sqmt carpet area for double room from existing carpet area of 13.2 sqmt.

5.

Bathroom and toilets have more space than before and have all the required fittings to allow patients to
move freely without the fear of injury. Double shutter windows with window shades have been proposed
against the concrete jali windows.

7.

A CC layer mixed with waterproofing compound and inlaid with wire mesh has been proposed at the roof
to prevent water leakage into the rooms. The provision of parapet wall and water spouts has been made
to further strengthen the roof.

74

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

B.

Up-Gradation in Civic & social amenities:

1.

Civic infrastructure up-gradation covered Individual piped water connection against existing community
water Tank, individual sewerage connection against community toilets, conversion of kuccha roads &
drains to pucca & provision of external electrification.

2.

Facilities such as multipurpose community/livelihood centre, pre primary school/Anganwadi & park
have been developed as social amenities in the layout to make the lives of the leprosy afflicted persons
comfortable (Fig-4).

Attachments:
i)
ii)
iii)
iv)
v)

Existing Dwelling Unit Plan


Up-Graded single room Unit plan
Up-Graded two room Unit plan
Overall lay out
Social amenities

Figure 1: Existing Dwelling Unit Plan


75

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 2: Upgraded Single Room Unit Plan

Figure 3: Upgraded Two Room Unit Plan


76

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 4: Overall Layout

Actual Site Photos

77

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

15 : Rehabilitation Scheme for Durgapur, District Burdwan, West


Bengal
Project Name

: Rehabilitation scheme for the City of Durgapur, District Burdwan, West


Bengal

City/State

: Durgapur, West Bengal

Project Cost

: Rs.1,154.92 Lacs

Year of Sanction

: 2008-2009

Number of DUs

: 400

Development Model

: In-situ re-development

Background
Durgapur is one of the five major urban centres of Asansol Urban Region in Burdwan District, West Bengal. The
BSUP project is for insitu re-development of one slum in Durgapur. In the project, 400 dwelling units in ground
plus one construction are planned in row. All civic & social infrastructure components such as water supply,
sewerage, storm water drains, roads etc., social amenities like community centre, informal shops etc., have been
provided.

Best practices adopted in implementation of the project:


A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.

Efficient Land Management and Planning


Cluster Layout Planning
Efficient Dwelling Unit Design
Inclusive Physical and Social Infrastructure
Community Participation in Project Life Cycle
Capacity Building of Beneficiaries through Institutional Funding

A.

Efficient land management and planning:

The BSUP project aimed at rehabilitating poor beneficiaries residing on a big chunk of land admeasuring 16-17
acres of land, owned by Asansol Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA). The objective of the scheme was to
provide decent and permanent shelters to these urban poor alongwith security of tenure in the form of 99 years
lease. The project site is located in a very prominent and valuable location near City Centre, Durgapur.

Through efficient planning of lay-out and dwelling unit design, about 7.5 acres of land has been freed which
would be used by ADDA for general housing and remunerative projects. The poor beneficiaries who are mainly
daily labourers, rickshaw walas and such other informal activities, were residing in dilapidated and temporary
structures with no infrastructure facilities.
B. Cluster Layout Planning:
Agency has planned 400 nos. of dwelling units (2 storied, 50 building blocks consisting of 4 DUs in each storey)
for in-situ rehabilitation. The building blocks are inter-linked, having common walls forming larger blocks of
various sizes with 24 DUs in most of the blocks. Fig. 1 shows the inter linking of building blocks. The agency has
78

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 1: Dwelling Unit Cluster Plan

Figure 2: Layout Plan

79

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 3: Actual Implementation Photographs


adopted row type housing and cluster pattern lay-out plan resulting in forming organised open spaces, efficient
circulation system and freeing up valuable land area, to be used for future projects of the Authority, as indicated
in Figure 2. The implementation of the building blocks is indicated in Figure 3.
C.

Efficient dwelling unit design:

In the project, the carpet area of the dwelling unit (DU) is 25 sq.mt. and plinth area of 29 sq.mt. Each DU
accommodates one multipurpose room, one bed room, toilet and kitchen and a small verandah, accessed
through staircase. The verandah facilitates social infrastructure between the inhabitants. Figure 4 & 5 shows
plan of a dwelling unit block and actual implementation.
D.

Inclusive Physical and Social infrastructure:

All the essential physical infrastructure facilities have been provided to make the project self-sustaining. The
infrastructure facilities include water supply distribution line with individual connection, drainage, concrete roads,
street lights with sub-station and overhead line including individual connection to each dwelling unit, boundary /
guard wall, hedge / plantation / landscaping, rain water harvesting and sewerage system etc. The infrastructure
provided is adequate and resulted in immense satisfaction to the beneficiaries.
One multi-functional community centre has been designed in the habitat which provides for primary health care,
crche, maternity & child health including immunization facilities etc. Moreover, the slum dwellers who are
engaged in house based occupation will use the community centre for such activities and also taking advantage
of the crche. Marriages, social gatherings & other education & health related activities are conducted in
the community centre. Community centre, building design and actual implementation are at Fig. 6 & 7. The
convenient shops within the settlement cater to the daily immediate needs to the community.
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Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 4: Building Plan of a Single Block

Figure 5: Photographs of Actual Implementation


Informal sector market with vending platforms, toilet facilities and ample spaces has been designed for beneficiaries
living in the settlement. The vending platforms have been allotted to the beneficiaries on a time sharing basis.
Fig. 8 shows the design of the informal sector market.
E.

Community Participation in Project Life Cycle:

The beneficiaries have been involved in all the stages of project life cycle i.e. from conceptualization of the
project upto post construction activities. During the implementation, most of the beneficiaries were engaged in
various activities of construction and finishing as per their capability. With active participation of the beneficiaries,
improvements were made in respect of the technology and selection of materials which has resulted in improved
quality of assets, apart from employment generation. Presently, a beneficiaries committee has been constituted
which manages the operation and maintenance of the housing blocks including raising of user charges towards
electrification/ maintenance etc. A nominal charge of about Rs.500/- per day is charged for using Community

81

Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation

Figure 6 : Building Plan of Community Centre

Figure 7: Actual Implemented Community Centre


82

Best Practices : Habitat Planning & Design for the Urban Poor

Figure 8: Plan of Informal Sector Market

Centre. The beneficiaries were so enthusiastic that they themselves shifted to another temporarily accommodation
at their own cost during implementation to vacate the site for commencing construction.
F.

Capacity building of beneficiaries through institutional funding:

The beneficiaries have provided Rs.8,000/- each in advance and the remaining has been mobilised through
arrangement of institutional loan to beneficiaries by the State Government Agency from Allahabad Bank and
United Bank of India with 4% rate of interest with 10 years repayment period. The EMI is approx. Rs.300/- per
beneficiary per month which is affordable for the beneficiaries and serviced regularly.

83

The Joint Secretary (Housing for All)


Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviation
Government of India
Room No.116, G-Wing, Nirman Bhawan, New Delhi
Tel: 011-23061419; Fax: 011-23061420
E-mail: sanjeev.kumar70@nic.in
Website: http://mhupa.gov.in