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Years ago, a man named Pythagoras found an amazing fact about triangles:

If the triangle had a right angle (90°) ... ... and you made a square on each of the three sides, then ... ... the biggest square had the exact same area as the other two squares put together!

AREA 1 + AREA 2 = AREA 3 IN THE FOLLOWING DIAGRAM

Definition

The longest side of the triangle is called the "hypotenuse", so the formal definition is: In a right angled triangle the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

So, the square of a (a²) plus the square of b (b²) is equal to the square of c (c²): a2 + b2 = c2

Sure ... ?

Let's see if it really works using an example. A "3,4,5" triangle has a right angle in it, so the formula should work.

**Let's check if the areas are the same:
**

32 + 4 2 = 5 2

**Calculating this becomes:
**

9 + 16 = 25

Yes, it works !

Why Is This Useful? If we know the lengths of two sides of a right angled triangle, then Pythagoras'Theorem allows us to find the length of the third side. (But remember it only works on right angled triangles!)

How Do I Use it?

Write it down as an equation:

a2 + b2 = c2

**Now you can use algebra to find any missing value, as in the following examples:
**

Example: Solve this triangle.

a2 + b2 = c2 52 + 122 = c2 25 + 144 = c2 169 = c2 c2 = 169 c = √169 c = 13

Example: Solve this triangle.

a2 + b2 = c2 92 + b2 = 152 81 + b2 = 225 Take 81 from both sides: b2 = 144 => b = √144 => b = 12

Example: What is the diagonal distance across a square of size 1?

a2 + b2 = c2 12 + 12 = c2 1 + 1 = c2 2 = c2 c2 = 2 c = √2 = 1.4142...

Example: Does this triangle have a Right Angle?

Does a2 + b2 = c2 ? (√3)2 + (√5)2 = (√8)2 3+5=8 Yes, it does! So this is a right-angled triangle

EXERCISES:-

Does this triangle have a right angle?

5.1cm

13.1cm

12cm

24cm

25cm

7cm

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