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ii Universiti

Mal
a
ysi
a
Y PAHANG
EnInceing To

CeoMLy

CENTRE FOR MODERN LANGUAGES AND HUMAN SCIENCES


FINAL EXAMINATION
ISLAMIC AND ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS

COURSE
COURSE CODE

UHR1O12

LECTURERS

AHMAD IRFAN IKMAL HISHAMJ


PROFESOR DR ABD JALIL BORHAM!
PROFESOR MADYA DR MUHAMMAD NUBLI ABDUL
WAHAB/
TUAN SIDEK TUAN MUDA/
DR HASAN AHMAD
ABDUL KAMIL JAMALUDIN/
ANITA ABDUL RAN!]
MANSOR SULAIMAN/
HUSNA HASHIW
SIT! FATIHAH GHAZALI

DATE

3 JANUARY 2012

DURATION

2 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
1.

This booklet has TWO (2) SECTIONS. Answer all questions in SECTION A
and TWO (2) questions in SECTION B.

2.

Answer SECTION A in the OMR Answer Sheet and for SECTION B use the booklet provided.

3.

Candidates are not allowed to fold, punch or staple the OMR Form.

4.

Candidates are not allowed to bring any material other than those allowed by the
invigilator into the examination room.

EXAMINATION REQUIREMENTS:
1.

One (1) of the OMR Form.

2.

One (1) Answer Booklet.


DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU ARE TOLD TO DO SO
This examination paper consists of ELEVEN (11) printed pages including the front page

CONFIDENTIAL

11 121/UHR1O12

SECTION A
Answer ALL questions.
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (20 MARKS)
INSTRUCTION: This part consists of 40 questions. Each question has four options of A, B, C
and D. Choose ONE correct answer by darkening a letter completely in the OMR form
provided.

1.

"X is the body of knowledge which discusses the theory, basic concepts, characteristics
and attribute of civilization from the conceptual, theoretical and abstract perspective".
X

refers to

A.
B.
C.
D.

2.

Theory of civilization
Civilization studies
History of civilization
Philosophy of civilization

Which of the following are the MOST ACCURATE statements to' describe the
holistic concept of civilization?
A.
Achievement and development of social and community system.
B.
Advancement of thinking potential and development of city or town.
C.
Self-refinement and development of the building and structure.
D.
Development of spiritual (intangible) and material (tangible) aspect.

3. According to Ibnu Khaldun, civilization is


which refers to
development and advancement of flourishing and prosperity of lives in the aspect of
social, industrial and cultural organization.
A. Badawi
B. Madani
C. Hadhari
D. Urn ran

4.

Civilization studies should be developed based on:


A.
B.
C.
D.

a specific religion or culture for a civilization.


the concept of man upon which a particular civilization is based on.
a certain race, religion or culture for a civilization.
universal religion, culture or values for a civilization.


CONFIDENTIAL

5.

The course "Islamic and Asian Civilization" (TITAS) has been introduced for some
justifications, EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.

6.

Cultures and arts.


Statues and buildings.
Manners and behaviors.
Science and technology.

The following statements refer to the Islamic Civilization EXCEPT:


A.
B.
C.
D.

9.

To bring peace to the world.


To fight for justice and welfare.
To make people understand about the beauty of Islam.
To teach mankind to live according to the God's will.

Which of the following is tangible achievement of civilization?


A.
B.
C.
D.

8.

To develop excellent personality and confidence among the students.


To inculcate universal values for the students.
To find absolute solution for contemporary issues faced by nations.
To teach the students the way to live in multi cultural society.

What is the MAIN objective of Islamic civilization?


A.
B.
C.
D.

7.

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Islam is God's way for Muslims to live in this temporary world.


Woridview of Islam is based on revealed knowledge.
Islam is a new religion that emerged after Christianity and Judaism.
Ijrna' which is the consensus of Muslim scholars, is one of the main sources of
references
'
in Islam.

Which of the following concept is introduced by Islam?


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Man is bound to Tauhidic concept (oneness of God) which implies obedience to


the Creator's will.
Human beings are Allah's creation who have been granted various gifts from
Him.
Man is a Kha4fah (vicegerent) of Allah s.w.t in this world, hence free to do any
action based on shared values of mankind.
Man's responsibilities cover his relationship with God, fellow human beings and
the universe.
i,ii and iii.
i, ii and iv.
ii, iii and iv.
i, ii, iii and iv.

CONFIDENTIAL

10.

Al- Wasatiyyah or 'moderate' is one of the main characteristics in Islam. Which of the
following is the BEST definition of Al-Wasati)yah?
A.
B.
C.
D.

11.

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Be realistic to the current situation of life.


Manage the life in proper and good condition.
Fixed in principles but flexible in the practice.
Keep everything lawful in modest way.

Hadith or Sunnah is a reference of Islamic Civilization. Below are types of Sunnah


EXCEPT

A.
B.
C.
D.
12.

Which of these is the best to describe Jihad.


A.
B.
C.
D.

13.

A.
B.
C.
D.

A lot of buildings and structures in the civilization.


An international language becomes the main language for the civilization.
Society needs are fulfilled by the government.
Family problems become one of the main issues to the civilization.
i, ii, and iii.
ii, iii and iv.
iand iii.
iii and iv.

All statements below are true EXCEPT


A.
B.
C.
D.

15.

Sacrificing your wealth for the pleasure of God.


Promoting equality and justice.
Launching Holy War against infidel.
Striving in the way of God.

What are indicators for a civilization to expand?


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

14.

The words of the Prophet Muhammad.


The tacit approvals of the Prophet Muhammad.
The writing of the Prophet Muhammad.
The deeds of the Prophet Muhammad.

Waqi 'iyyah manifests the universality of Islam.


Activity that is done to get God's pleasure is regarded as rabbanic.
Aqidah, Ibadah and A khlak are three basic fundamentals of Islamic system.
Ibadah deals with rituals and human activities whereas Aqidah deals with belief.

Choose the correct timeline of Islamic Civilization:


A.
B.
C.
D.

Prophet Era, Al-Khulafa' al-Rashidin, Umayyad, Abbasid, Ottoman.


Prophet Era, Al-Khualafa' al-Rashidin, Umayyad, Ottoman, Abbasid.
Prophet Era, Al-Khulafa' al-Rashidin, Ottoman, Abbasid, Fatimid.
Prophet Era, Al-Khulafa' al-Rashidin, Abbasid, Ottoman, Mamalik.
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CONFIDENTIAL


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16.

Which of these Muslim Scholars was famously known for his work in mathematics?
A.
Ibnu Batutah.
B.
Al Ghazali.
C.
AlKhawarizmi.
D.
Ibnu Khaldun.

17.

"The teaching ofIslam is for all regardless of race and geographical area". This
statement refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.

18.

19.

Tawazun
Alamiyyah
Inqilabiyyah
Rabbaniyyah

Which of these following options are fundamentals of Islamic Civilization (Maqasid


Shari 'ah)?
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To protect religion.
To protect life.
To protect property.
To protect intellect.

A.
B.
C.
D.

i and ii.
i,ii and iv.
i,ii and iii.
i, ii, iii and iv.

The development of science and technology in Islamic Civilization reach its peak during
era.
A.
B.
C.
D.

Umayyad
Abbasid
Ottoman
Rightly Guided Caliphs


CONFIDENTIAL

20.

21.

From the statements below, choose characteristics of Jahiliyyah society from Islamic
perspectives:
iiiiiiiv-

A society with obedience to fellow human being.


A society without skyscrapers buildings.
A society without good sewerage and irrigation system.
A liberal society who permits people to do whatever they like on the basis of
human rights.

A.
B.
C.
D.

i and ii
ii and iii
i and iv
i, ii and iii

According to Al-Qaradawi, below are characteristics of Western Civilization,


EXCEPT:
A.
B.
C.
D.

22.

23.

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Flawed knowledge of the divinity.


Materialistic propensity.
Strong bond with the Creator.
Feeling of superiority.

Muslim scholars believe that Western Civilization is based on Atheism. Which of these
following ideologies contradict the teaching of Islam?
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Hedonism
Secularism
Communism
Darwinism

A.
B.
C.
D.

i,iiand iii.
ii, iii and iv.
i, ii and iv.
i, ii, iii and iv.

Which of these following statements does NOT reflect with Islamophobia.


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Practice of discriminating Muslims.


A social study on Islam and Muslims in the West.
Prejudice, hatred and irrational fear of Islam and Muslims.
An anthropology study on Muslims in non-Muslim countries.

A.
B.
C.
D.

ii and iv.
land iii.
iv only.
iii only.


CONFIDENTIAL

24.

Following statements are correct about Samuel Huntington's theory on clash of


civilization:
i.
ii.
iii.
iv.
A.
B.
C.
D.

25.

11121115HR1012

The world will experience and witness cultural conflicts along cultural and
religious lines.
Conflict will happen because of civilizations, rather than nations or ideologies.
Clash between world communities is merely due to disagreement between
nations and ideologies.
Faith and family, blood and belief, are what people identify with and what they
will fight or die for.
i,ii and iii.
i,ii and iv.
i and iv.
iii and iv.

"Western was putting the basic that... the source of science and technology discipline
depends on the ability of man. In other word, the usage and development of science and
technology was determined by human insight and thought itself and not rely on the
elements of religion and godliness"

Which of the following reflects the above statement?


A.
B.
C.
D.
26.

Below are true about Western Civilization EXCEPT:


A.
B.
C.
D.

27.

Secularism.
Darwinism.
Empiricism.
Orientalism.

By the early eighth century, Iberia and Sicily had fallen to Muslims.
The dominant faith in Europe is Christianity.
There is no Western Country adopting socialism in their government.
In 1095, Pope Urban II called for a Crusade or Holy War to conquer Holy Land
from Muslim.

Below are true about post 9/11:


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Islamophobia has been affecting some part of the world.


Some non-Muslim want to know more about Islam.
Anti-terrorism laws have been revised and implemented into its maximum level.
Civilizational dialogue continues.

A.
B.
C.
D.

i and ii.
i, iii and iv.
iand iii.
i, ii, iii and iv.

CONFIDENTIAL

28.

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Malay culture has been influenced by other civilizations. Which of the following
statements is TRUE about the influence?
A.
B.
C.
D.

The influence includes the Siamese, Javanese, Bugis, Sumatrans, Indians,


Chinese and Arabs.
The route of traders between the Malay Archipelago and Indian subcontinent
caused an influx of a large number of Hindus before the 151hcentury.
After the coming of Islam, the only Hindu influence remains in practice in
Malay culture is within the marriage ceremony.
Adat Perpatih is significantly influenced by Buddhism.

29. Malay people have a strong sense of community spirit and they place great emphasis on
mannerism (adab in Malay culture) in their life. Which of the following reflect the
Malay mannerism?

30.

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Greet (give salam) to each other


Respect and treat nicely to the people who come to their house
Take off shoes and bow to everyone when entering a house.
Children are not allow to walk in front of adult

A.
B.
C.
D.

i, ii, and iii.


ii, iii and iv.
i, ii, and iv.
i, ii, iii, and iv.

The last dynasty that ruled China is


A.
B.
C.
D.

Qing
Ming
Xia
Song

31.
> Ruler and subjects
> Father and son
> Husband and wife
> Older and younger brothers
> Members of a community
The above explanation describes five basic relationships in one of the Chinese
Philosophy. It refers to
A.
B.
C.
D.

Legalism
Taoism
Confucianism
Feudalism
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CONFIDENTIAL

32.

Which is the best to represent the beliefs of Confucius?


A.
B.
C.
D.

33.

One should fulfill dharma and have good karma to reach Nirvana.
One should withdraw from the world and worship nature.
A government should use power and harsh laws to tightly control its people.
One should respect elders and revere one's family and ancestors.

"
concept was full obedience and sincere. It was not only for their emperors
but also applied to their friends, as well as other people ".
A.
B.
C.
D.

34.

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Ren
Zong
Li
Shu

The concept of Wu Xing in Chinese civilization refers to


A. Five basic elements (metal, wood, water, fire and earth)
B. Five basic elements (metal, wind, water, fire and earth)
C. Positive and negative aspects of a thing
D. Five basic relationships

35.

What climatic event significantly influences India's agriculture?


A.
B.
C.
D.

36.

Earthquakes.
Annual monsoons.
Annual droughts.
Flooding in Indus.

Which statement is NOT TRUE about type of languages in Indian civilization?


i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

Sanskrit-Indo Arya
Kannada-Indo Arya
Tamil-Dravida
Kashmiri-Dravida

A.
B.
C.
D.

i and ii
i and iii
ii and iv
iii and iv


CONFIDENTIAL

37.

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Table I describes some arts in Indian civilization. Y refers to:


Y
Bharatha Natyam
Odissi
Kuchipudi
Kathak
Table 1
A.
B.
C.
D.

38.

Music.
Dance.
Instrument.
Drama.

The concept of Family System in Indian Civilization refers to


A.
B.
C.
D.

39.

Place of origin
Southern India
Orissa
Andra Pradesh
Northern India

Grihasthya
Vanaprastha.
Sanyasa.
Ashrama Dharma.

Aryan people migrated to X . Among the earliest town known in this area are Harappa.
The X is now located in
A.
B.
C.
D.

Northern India.
Southern India.
Pakistan.
Bangladesh.

40.
>
>
>
>

All life is suffering


Expectation of from desire is the root of
suffering
Desire must be renounced
Renunciation can be achieved by following 8
fold path

The above statements refer to the basic teachings of


A.
B.
C.
D.

Hinduism.
Buddhism.
Jainism.
Sikhsm.

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CONFIDENTIAL

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SECTION B
ESSAY QUESTIONS (20 MARKS)
INSTRUCTION: This part consists of THREE (3) questions. Answer TWO (2) questions
only. Write your answers in the Answer Booklet provided. Every essay should have
introduction and conclusion.

QUESTION 1
Explain three main contributions of Islamic Civilization towards modern achievement in
science and technology.
[10 marks]
QUESTION 2
Based on characteristics and foundations (maqasid shar 'iyyah) of Islamic Civilization, explain
how Islam should be the problem solver of conflicts around the modern world.
[10 marks]

QUESTION 3
Cultural hegemony is the philosophic and sociological theory by the Marxist philosopher
Antonio Gramsci, that a culturally diverse society can be dominated (ruled) by one social class,
by manipulating the societal culture (beliefs, explanations, perceptions, values) so that its
ruling-class worldview is imposed as the societal norm, which then is perceived as a
universally valid ideology, and status quo beneficial to all of society, whilst benefiting only the
ruling class.
The Columbia Encyclopedia, Fifth Edition. (1994) p. 1215

Explain how Western Civilization dominates the world from cultural perspectives.

END OF QUESTION PAPER

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