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Low Cost Zero Waste Municipality

(1G/MED08-533 ZERO WASTE)


Phase 4.1.

Transnational SWOT Analysis on waste


management concepts

ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Tableofcontents

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................................................... 4
SECTIONI:TRANSNATIONALSWOTANALYSIS .................................................................................................... 5
SEPARATECOLLECTIONOFPACKAGINGWASTEANDPRINTEDMATERIALS .................................................. 5
REUSESHOPS................................................................................................................................................... 7
HOUSEHOLDCOMPOST................................................................................................................................... 8
GREENWASTECOMPOSTING........................................................................................................................... 9
SEPARATELYCOLLECTEDBIOWASTE ............................................................................................................. 10
RECYCLINGCENTERS ..................................................................................................................................... 11
APPLICATIONOFFAIRCHARGINGSCHEMES(PAYT) ..................................................................................... 12
SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDRECYCLINGOFWEEE ...................................................................................... 13
SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENTOFHAZARDOUSHOUSEHOLDWASTE .... 14
SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDREUSE/RECYCLINGOFBULKYHOUSEHOLDWASTE ....................................... 15
SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDREUSEOFTEXTILES/CLOTHING ..................................................................... 16
SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFENDOFLIFEVEHICLES(ELVS).................................................................. 17
SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFCONSTRUCTIONANDDEMOLITIONWASTE............................................ 18
SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFUSEDCOOKINGOILS ............................................................................... 19
ZEROWASTEPOLICYSTRATEGY.................................................................................................................... 20
INTERNETEXPLOITATIONFORSUSTAINABLEWASTEMANAGEMENT ......................................................... 21
OPERATIONOFAMUNICIPALINFORMATIONGROUP.................................................................................. 22
SECTIONII:FACTSHEETS.................................................................................................................................... 23
1. FreeNewspapers,PayasyouThrowoftheMetropolitanEntityofWasteWaterServicesandWaste
Management(EMSHTR) ................................................................................................................................ 24
2. "Retorna"Network,returnforthefutureof"Retorna"NetworkforthepromotionofaReturn,
Collection,andRecoverySystem(SDDRfromitsinitialsinSpanish)......................................................... 34
3.

CAPANNORITOWARDSZEROWASTEofMunicipalityofCapannori;ASCIT ...................................... 43

4.

RECYCLODROMEofRECYCLODROMEassociation ............................................................................. 52

5.

RecyclingofpackagingwasteofSolidwastemanagementcorporationofZakynthos ..................... 58

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6. Reusecenter(Centerponovneuporabe)ofTechnologycenterforapplicativeecologyEKOTCE
d.o.o. .............................................................................................................................................................. 64
7.

EcoPuntVerdofPICHAGUILERA/TONISOLANAS/GERONAGRUO,SL/INDIT,SL ...................... 70

8.

Separateandwin(locujinzmaguj)ofSnagad.o.o. ........................................................................... 78

9.

OmaplastofOmaplastd.o.o. ............................................................................................................. 85

10.

YellowbagsofOKPROGAKASLATINA,d.o.o. .............................................................................. 92

11.

ZeosofZeosd.o.o. ....................................................................................................................... 100

12.
MOONCUPPROJECT:FORWOMENWHOLOVEENVIRONMENTANDLIKETOFEEL"FREEof
MunicipalityofCollegnoIsolaCooperative .............................................................................................. 107
13.

COMMUNITYWASTEDOMESTICCOMPOSTINGofMunicipalityofLaSalle ............................... 115

14.

WATERINJUGofMunicipalityofReggioEmilia .......................................................................... 123

15.
LIFE07ENV/GR/000271HECPAYT:ThedevelopmentofPayasYouThrowSystemsinHellas,
EstoniaandCyprusofMunicipalityofElefsina.......................................................................................... 130
16.

RecyclingofpackagingwasteofHellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporationHE.R.R.Co............. 137

RecycleofelectricalandelectronicequipmentofMunicipalorganizationforwastetreatment
17.
Rhodes ......................................................................................................................................................... 143
18.

RecyclingofpackagingwasteofHellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporationHE.R.R.Co............. 149

19.
SelectiveCollectionDoortoDoorinCervera(laSegarra).RecollidaPortaaPortadelsresidus
urbansdeCervera(LaSegarra)ofConsellComarcaldeLaSegarra. ........................................................... 156
20.
TaxaJusta(Thefairtax)aArgentona.PayasYouThrowSystemsinArgentona(Catalunya)of
MunicipalityofArgentona ........................................................................................................................... 169
21.

BiobagofpelaLampe ................................................................................................................ 181

22.

Abinforbiodegradablewaste"Organko"ofPlastikaSkazad.o.o. ................................................. 187

23.

PlantsforrecoveringandrecyclematerialsofQuadrifoglioSpa ................................................. 201

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

INTRODUCTION

ThetransnationalSWOTanalysiswasproducedwithintheframeworkoftheLowCostZeroWaste
Municipality project cofunded by the European Regional Development Fund. Its focus was to
provideLocalAuthoritieswithatransnationalSWOTAnalysisofdifferenttypesofsustainablesolid
waste management practices. It focuses on evaluating the common strengths, weaknesses,
opportunities and threats of the different practices and policies for local authorities across the
boardwhenappliedindifferentareas,regionsandcountriesofEUMemberStates.

Forthispurpose:
The inventory of fact sheets on policy, practices and technologies was collected by the
projectpartnersandevaluated.Thisispresentedinpart2ofthisdocument.

Examinationofwastepreventionpolicyatnational,regionalandlocallevelsand
implementationpracticeswereexamined.

Overallavailabledescriptionsofprevention/reuse/recyclingactivitiestakenbyanytypeof
actorsincountriesweretakenintoaccount.

ThefollowingsetofSWOTanalysesreferstothemostcomparableapplicationscollectedfromthe
abovementionedreview.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SECTIONI:TRANSNATIONALSWOTANALYSIS

SEPARATECOLLECTIONOFPACKAGINGWASTEANDPRINTEDMATERIALS

Strengths

Weaknesses

EUlegislationexists

Nationalproducerresponsibilityschemesareinplace

Itcancontributetothevalorizationofasignificantamount
ofmunicipalandhouseholdwaste.

Itcanextendlandfilllifetimeexpectancy.

ThereareeconomicgainsforL.A.toimplementingthese
incentives.

Theresidentshaveknowledgeonhowthesesystemswork
andtheyparticipateinthem.

Thereisgeneralsupportfromsocietyasawhole
Indirectincentivestoresidentsforparticipation

Creationofnewjobs.

Itisatriedandprovenmethod.

Therearediversetechnologies,methodsandequipmentto
choosefromforapplication.

Higherqualitymaterialsarecollectedforrecycling

Itcontributestothereductionofgreenhousegases.

Themoreseparationofsourcestreamsarerequired,there
highertheeffortrequiredbyresidents.

L.A.mustdevelophighlyefficientcollectionsystemsand
increaseservices.

Residentsmustbeeducatedoftentoreachhighertargets.

Wheretherearemorethanoneproducerresponsibility
schemesinplace,competitionmayevolvebetweenthem

Opportunity

Threats

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Contributestolocal,regionalandnationalauthoritiesin
meetingtheirrespectivelegislativetargets.

Newjobsarecreatedinthecommunity.

Materialsareavailableinthecommunityforlocalindustry
andtheydonothavetoimport.

Resultsinadecreaseinwasteproduction.

Opportunitytogenerateincomefromthesaleofmaterials.
Increasescommunitysolidarityresidentsacknowledgethey
aredoingsomethinggoodfortheirlocalenvironment

Localauthorityacquiresenvironmentallypositiveprofile.

Providesresidentswiththeincentivestoparticipatein
wastepreventionactivities.

TherearecaseswheregeographiclocationofLocal
Authoritiesleadtoareluctanceoftheproducer
responsibilityschemestointegratedthemasitismore
costly.

Inefficientcollectionschemesmaycreatenegative
backlashfromresidents.

Existingwastemanagementstaffattimesperceives
initiatingtheseprogramsasathreattotheirpositions.

Thereareinitialexpensesrelatedtotheseprojects(eg.
publicawareness)

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REUSESHOPS

Strengths

Weaknesses

Significantjobcreationincomparisontootherwaste
Requirescontinualawarenessraisingtosecuregoodsfrom
managementpractices
residents

Socialimpact:Provideslessexpensiveproductstoresidents(inMusthaveaveryefficientcollectionsysteminplaceoften
someLAitislinkedtosocialservices)
havetocompetewithprivateactorsorresidentsthatwantto

getridofitbulkygoodsimmediately.
Easilyapplicable

Insignificantmajorityofcasesitisfinanciallysustainableand
incomegeneratingactivity

Alotofbulkywasteandquantitiesaredivertedfromlandfill
andlifespanextended

Opportunity

Threats

Opportunitytoreducelandfillcostsandincreaseincomeand Inperiodsofeconomiccrisis,althoughdemandforused
jobcreation
goodsincreasesthereisadecreaseofdonatedgoods.

SupportsSocialinitiativesofL.A.TraditionallyinEuropethese
activitieshaveprovidedopportunitiesformarginalizedpeople
tobereintroducedintoworkfield.

Easilyreplicable

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

HOUSEHOLDCOMPOST

Strengths

Supportsnational,Europeanlegislation

Widespreadapplicability

Canhavesignificantimpactsourcereduction

Increaseslifespanoflandfills

Nopermitsrequired

CostbenefitinterestforLA

Benefitforcitizens(citizensbenefitfromuseofcompost)

Weaknesses

Whenimplementedatlargescalelocallevelrequiresgood
planningtotakeallfactorsathouseholdlevelintoaccount.

Thereisacost(althoughsmall)

Requiresverygoodpublicawarenessandsupporttocitizens

Opportunity

Garnersstrongsupportfromcitizens

Createstheopportunityforgreenjobcreation(directlyand
indirectly)

Threats

Lowawarenessofpopulation(ifnotproperlyinformed
especiallyinitiallymayhavebacklash)

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GREENWASTECOMPOSTING

Strengths

Greenwastearevaluableandalwaysondemandfrom
compostingfacilities

NationalandEUlegislationexists

Simpleandwidelyspreadknowhowonmanagement
methods

Hasthepotentialtomanage100%ofMSWgreenwaste
fraction

Increaseslandfillslifespan

Lowercostsforthetechnologyinvolved,comparedtoother
methodssuchasMBTandthermaltreatment

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

Thereissocialconsensusinthismethod

Ausefulandvaluablematerialisproduced
ContributestoGHGemissionsreduction

Weaknesses

Requiresintegratedplanningandoperationcontrol

Requiresspaceforthecompostingfacility

Smallnumberofcompostingfacilitiesinsomecountries

Arelativelysmallcapitalcostisrequiredfortheinitiation

Cooperationwithandtrainingofwastecollectionpersonnel
ofmunicipality

Opportunity

Threats

Wastereduction
Canworkonlyifitisacceptedbythecitizens

Reductionoffinaldisposalcosts
Negativereactionsfromwastecollectionpersonnelof

municipality
Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

Lowparticipationlevelsfromcitizens
Activeparticipationofcitizensthatcanbecomemoreactivein
otherwastemanagementrelatedissues

Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc

Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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SEPARATELYCOLLECTEDBIOWASTE

Strengths

NationalandEUlegislationexists

Thenecessaryknowhowexists

Cancombinedifferentsourcesoforganicwaste,suchas:
agriculturalactivities,slaughterhouses,oliveprocessing
plants,wastewatertreatmentplantsetc.

Hasthepotentialtomanage100%ofMSWorganicfraction

Increaseslandfillslifespan

Lowercostsforthetechnologyinvolved,comparedtoother
methodssuchasMBTandthermaltreatment

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

Thereissocialconsensusinthismethod

Ausefulandvaluablematerialisproduced

ContributestoGHGemissionsreduction

Weaknesses

Requiresseparatecollectioninfrastructure(bins)

Requiresintegratedplanningandoperationcontrol

Requiresspaceforthecompostingfacility

Problemsrelatedtotheestablishmentofthefacility(area
selection,permits,socialreactions)

Highinitialcosts(bins,facilities)

Constantinformationandsensitizationcampaignsforquality
andquantityassurance

Cooperationwithandtrainingofwastecollectionpersonnel
ofmunicipality

Opportunities

Threats

Wastereduction
Canworkonlyifitisacceptedbythecitizens

Reductionoffinaldisposalcosts
Negativereactionsfromwastecollectionpersonnelof

municipality
Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

Improperparticipationfromcitizenscanleadtobadquality
Activeparticipationofcitizensthatcanbecomemoreactivein compost
otherwastemanagementrelatedissues

Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc
Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

RECYCLINGCENTERS

Strengths

Weaknesses

Separationiseasierforresidentsasoneplacereceivesalltheir Anareainthecityisrequiredfortheconstruction
wastestreams.

Asmallinvestmentandoperationalcostisrequired
Jobscreation

Licensingisrequired
Largerecoveryrateofmaterials

Residentsmusttransportthegoodsthemselves.
TheRecyclingcentersareversatile;theycanhavetheirown
incomeandbefinanciallysustainablebya)chargingthe
disposalofbigquantities,b)sellingsortedmaterials,c)selling
thecompost,etc

Extendsthelifetimeoflandfill

Reduceslandfillcosts
Opportunity

Reductionofwasteforfinaldisposal

Costsreductionoffinaldisposal

Jobcreation

Threats

Negativebacklashfromcitizensthathavetotransporttheir
goods.

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APPLICATIONOFFAIRCHARGINGSCHEMES(PAYT)

Strengths

Citizensarechargedinamorefairway.

TheimplementationofPAYTschemesisthefairestthanany
othermethod

Motivatecitizenstoparticipateeffectivelyinsustainable
managementactions

Furtherincreaseofenvironmentalbenefits

Improvementofmunicipalservices

Decreasesofthetotalwastemanagementcosts.

Weaknesses

Anintegratedplanningisrequiredforthesuccessful
implementationsofaPAYTproject

Technicalmodificationsofthecollectionsystemarerequired

Calculationofthemunicipalfeesbecomesmorecomplicated

Organizationofamechanismforthedirectpaymentofthe
fees

Aninitialinvestmentcostisrequired

Possibilityofinitialnegativereactionfromcitizens

Possibilityofincreaseofillegaldumping

Opportunity

Faircharging

Creationofnewjobs

Directcontactandactivationofcitizens

Creationofaninnovatedenvironmentallyprofileofthelocal
authority

Creationofpositivepoliticalprofile

Threats

Mayhavenegativebacklash(requiresintensepublic
awarenesscampaign.

Chargingsystemmustbeequitable

Refusalofcooperationbystaff

Refusalofparticipationbyanumberofcitizens
Illegaldumping

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SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDRECYCLINGOFWEEE

Strengths

Weaknesses

RelevantEUandNationallegislationandtargetsexist.

Nationalproducerresponsibilityschemesareinplace.

ThereisextensiveexperienceavailableatEUlevel

Itcancontributetothevalorizationofasignificantamountof
municipalandhouseholdwaste.

Therearediversetechnologies,methodsandequipmentto
choosefromforapplication.

Separatecollectionofthesewasteshassignificantpositive
impactonenvironmentandhealth.

Itextendslandfilllifetimeexpectancy.

ThereareeconomicgainsforL.A.toimplementingthese
incentives.

Creationofnewjobs.

Itisatriedandprovenmethod.

Higherqualitymaterialsarecollectedforrecycling

Itcontributestothereductionofgreenhousegasesand
resourcerecovery

LocalAuthoritiesarerequiredtosetuplocalcollection
points.

Collectionsystemsandpointsmustbeabletomeetdemand.

Itrequiresverygoodpublicawarenessofresidents.

Inthecaseofseveralproducerresponsibilityschemes,inone
areathereisoftencompetitionamongstthemtosecurethe
WEEE.

Opportunity

Threats

Contributestolocal,regionalandnationalauthoritiesin
TherearecaseswheregeographiclocationofLocal
meetingtheirrespectivelegislativetargets.
Authoritiesleadtoareluctanceoftheproducerresponsibility

schemestointegratedthemasitismorecostly.
Newjobsarecreatedinthecommunity.

Inefficientcollectionschemesmaycreatenegativebacklash
Materialsareavailableinthecommunityforlocalindustryandfromresidents.
theydonothavetoimport.

Existingwastemanagementstaffattimesperceivesinitiating
Resultsinadecreaseinwasteproduction.
theseprogramsasathreattotheirpositions.

Providesresidentswiththeincentivestoparticipateinwaste Thereareinitialexpensesrelatedtotheseprojects(eg.public
preventionactivities(ThroughreuseofEEE)
awareness)

Reduceslandfillcosts.

Localauthorityacquiresenvironmentallypositiveprofile

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDENVIRONMENTALMANAGEMENTOFHAZARDOUSHOUSEHOLDWASTE

Strengths

ThereisextensiveexperienceavailableatEUlevel.

Separatecollectionofthesewasteshassignificantpositive
impactonenvironmentandhealth.

Jobcreation

Significantsupportfromresidents.

Weaknesses

Musthaveanefficientcollectionsystemthatmeetsthe
demandsofthelocalpopulation.

Requiresgoodpublicawareness.

Opportunity
Creationofnewjobs

Providessignificantbenefitstoenvironment.

Localauthorityacquiresenvironmentallypositiveprofile.

Threats

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDREUSE/RECYCLINGOFBULKYHOUSEHOLDWASTE

Strengths
ThereisextensiveexperienceavailableatEUlevel

Itextendslandfilllifetimeexpectancy.

ThereareeconomicgainsforL.A.toimplementingthese
incentives.

Creationofnewjobs.

Itisatriedandprovenmethod.

Weaknesses
Requiresanextremelyefficientcollectionsystemthatmeets
thedemandsofthelocalpopulation.

Highercollectioncostsduetobulkiness

Increasedspaceisrequiredduetobulkiness.

Opportunity
Reductioninlandfillfee.

Helpsmeetlocal/regional/nationaltargetsforprevention
(wherereuseisimplemented)

Creationofnewjobs.

Incasesofreuseprovidesinexpensivesecondhandgoodsto
Residents.

Threats
Competitionfromprivateresellersofusedgoods.

Dangerofbacklogofbulkygoodsinfacilities.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SEPARATECOLLECTIONANDREUSEOFTEXTILES/CLOTHING

Strengths
ThereisextensiveexperienceavailableatEUlevel

Creationofnewjobs.

Itisatriedandprovenmethod.

Lowcostapplication

Providesinexpensiveinexpensiveusedclothingtoresidents.

Largemarketandturnover.

Weaknesses
Hastocompetewiththeprivatesector.

Insomecases,residentsdonotsupportpurchasingused
clothingforstatuspurposes.

Requiresefficientcollectionsystem.

Opportunity
Creationofnewjobs.

Supportscommunityactions

Providesresidentswithaccesstolowcostclothing.

Threats
Newinexpensiveclothingandtextilesareavailableonthe
market.

Recentyearshasseenadeclineinthequalityoftheclothes
collected.

Mustcompetewithprivatesectoractors.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFENDOFLIFEVEHICLES(ELVS)

Strengths
NationalandEUlegislationexists

Thenecessarysustainablemanagementknowhowexists

NationwidesystemsforsustainableELVsmanagementare
operational

Environmentalandhealthprotection

Nocostofsustainablemanagementforlocalauthorities

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

RawmaterialrecoveryandcontributestoGHGemissions
reduction

Weaknesses
Requiresbasicorganizationforcollectionsystem

Participationoflocalauthoritiesinthecitizensinformation
campaign

Opportunity

Threats

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs
Possibledifficultiesincooperationbetweenlocalauthorities

andmanagementsystems,particularlyinislands
Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc

Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFCONSTRUCTIONANDDEMOLITIONWASTE

Strengths
NationalandEUlegislationexists

Thenecessarysustainablemanagementknowhowexists

NationwidesystemsforsustainableELVsmanagementare
operational

Environmentalandhealthprotection

Nocostofsustainablemanagementforlocalauthorities

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

RawmaterialrecoveryandcontributestoGHGemissions
reduction

Weaknesses
Requiresbasicorganizationforcollectionsystem

Participationoflocalauthoritiesinthecitizensinformation
campaign

Opportunity

Threats

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs
Possibledifficultiesincooperationbetweenlocalauthorities

andmanagementsystems,particularlyinislandsor
Openstheroadtolandreclamationofoldquarriesand
mountainousregionsthatcouldbeexemptedfromlegal
demolitionwastedumpsites
obligations

Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc

Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SUSTAINABLEMANAGEMENTOFUSEDCOOKINGOILS

Strengths
EUlegislationonbiodieselcontentinfuelexists

Thenecessarysustainablemanagementknowhowexists

Efficiencyimprovementofwastewatertreatmentplants

Improvementofqualityoflocalenvironment

Reducedfossilfueldependence

Nocostofsustainablemanagementforlocalauthorities

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs

Weaknesses
NoEUlegislationforsustainablemanagementofwaste
cookingoils

Wastecookingoilsarenotregardedasanimportantwaste
streambylocalauthorities

Organizationandnetworkingisrequiredforsuccessful
management

Constantinformationandsensitizationcampaignsforquality
andquantityassurance

Opportunity

Threats

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs
Canworkonlyifitisacceptedbythecitizens

Activeparticipationofcitizensthatcanbecomemoreactivein Lowparticipationlevelsfromcitizens
otherwastemanagementrelatedissues

Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc

Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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ZEROWASTEPOLICYSTRATEGY

Strengths

Weaknesses

ParticipatingtotheinternationalnetworkofZeroWaste
Abilitytomaintainandimprovetheperformanceachievedto

date;
Establishingasynergicandcomplementarysetofactions

aimedatrecyclingandreuseofmaterials
Toextendthispolicyatnationallevel;

ThesensitivityofpolicymakersintheadoptionofaZero
Toadopteffectivenationallegislation,favouringthe
Wastepolicy
reduction,recyclingandreuseofmaterials

Targetedcommunicationandawarenesscampaignfocusingon
thecitizen

Adoptionofincentivesforcitizens(reductionofwastetax)

Activeparticipationofkeyactorsandstakeholders.

Opportunity
Possibilitytoreplicatethegoodpracticeinothernational
contexts

Abilitytogenerateincomes

Possibilitytosavepublicfoundonwastemanagement

Creatingnewjobsthroughthegreeneconomy.

Threats

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INTERNETEXPLOITATIONFORSUSTAINABLEWASTEMANAGEMENT

Strengths
Veryfastandimmediatemessagepostingoruploading

Nocostreusewebsitesforlocalauthorities

Organizationofactionsorevents

Verylowmaintenancecost

Accessbytouristsandvisitorstousefullocalinformation

Environmentaleducationpages

Possibleincomethroughcommercialuseofwebsite

Weaknesses

Sitemustbekeptuptodate.

Opportunity

Threats

Resultsinnewpermanentjobs
Nothreats

Positiveenvironmentalprofileofthemunicipalitythatcan
leadtoprivilegedaccesstoenvironmentalfunding,increased
tourismetc

Positivepoliticalprofilewithincreasedacceptancelevelsfrom
citizens

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

OPERATIONOFAMUNICIPALINFORMATIONGROUP

Strengths

Weaknesses

Directcontactwiththecitizens
Increaseoftheinitialstaffcost

Citizenshavespecificpersonstoreferto,asaconsequence
anyproblemisconfrontedimmediately

Citizensfeelclosetoandinrelationwithmunicipality

Rapidachievementoftheaimsandasaresultmorebenefits
fortheLA

InmidtermtheremightbeafinancialprofitfortheLA
Creationofnewjobs

Opportunity

Threats

Creationofnewjobs

Directcontactandactivationofcitizens

Creationofaninnovatedenvironmentallyprofileofthelocal
authority

Creationofpositivepoliticalprofile

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SECTIONII:FACTSHEETS

Thefollowingsectionisacollectionoffactsheetsproducedwithintheframeworkofthisproject.It
examinesdifferentlocalpracticestakingplaceinthememberstatesoftheprojectspartners.Itis
aninventoryofsolidwastemanagementpracticestakingplaceinplace.
Thesearetobeusedasexamplesandprovidebackgroundinformationandresults\toLocal
Authorities.
Thecriteriasetforchoosingpracticeswerethefollowing:

Relatedtotheminimizationofwasteproduction
Thepracticehasalreadyfinishedorongoing
Ithaspositiveresultsforspecificobjectives
Itiseasilytransferabletoothercontexts/areas
Ithasmultiplyingeffects
Itshouldbevisible,communicable,shareable
Itispossibletointegrateandapplytosystemsandregulations(vertically)
Itissustainablebybeingselfsupporting
Itproducesimprovementsforsociety

Theyalsohadtofulfillenvironmental,economic,socialandwastemanagementcharacteristics.
Thefactsheetscontainedthefollowingcontent:

DescriptionofPractice.
Cost
Target
Results
SWOTanalysis

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

1.

Free Newspapers, Pay as you Throw of the Metropolitan Entity of Waste


WaterServicesandWasteManagement(EMSHTR)

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:September2009
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Barcelona/Catalonia/Spain
Population:46.951.532(January2010)
Authority/organizationincharge:EntitatdelMediAmbientdel'reaMetropolitanta
Contacts:
Albert Torras, Head of the Prevention Division of the Metropolitan Entity of Waste Water Services and
WasteManagement(EMSHTR)
Tel.(+34)932235151/ambinfo@amb.cat

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Freenewspaper,payasyouthrow
Free Newspapers production companies are charged for the collection of paper waste based on the amount
thatcitizensthrowaway.Thiscreatesadirecteconomicincentivetorecyclemoreandtogeneratelesswaste.

2.ACTORS
Themaininvolvedactorsorstakeholdersare:

Supramunicipalentityoradministration(EMSHTR)

Freenewspapersproductionenterprisesas:
ADN(http://www.adn.es/),
20Minutos(http://www.20minutos.es/),
Metro(http://www.diariometro.es/),
Qu(http://www.que.es/)

Publicitycompanies

Citizens

Freenewspaper,payasyouthrowinitiativecouldbeestablishwiththesupportofa
supramunicipal(EMSHTR)thatforcetofreenewspaperproductioncompaniestojoinit.
Freenewspapersconsideredcontainbetween30.9540%ofcommercialinrelationtototal
papersurfaceinthenewspaper.Theintroductionofataxperwastepapergeneratedfrom
freenewspaperunquestionablywillhaverepercussioninthecostofpublicity.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThebeneficiaryoftheactivityisthewholeofSpanishsocietybybetterseparationofwaste,
betteruseofmaterialsandsavingsthecostofwastemanagementtax.

4.OBJECTIVES

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

1.Encouragetheelaborationofnormativetopromotearateforpaperwastegeneratedby
freenewspapercompanies
1. To reduce the waste management cost assumed until now by the administration and
citizens.
3.Encouragethereuse,collectionandrecyclingofnewspaper

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Thetreatedproductswillbepaperfromfreenewspapersbecauseitcanbeunderstoodthat
themainproductdistributedinthissupportispublicityandnotinformation.Forthisreason
thegoodpracticeisfocusedinfreenewspapersanditslifecycle.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Reuseofnewspapers
Operationalfacilities.
a)Sometrayshavebeendesignedtoimplementinpublictransporttopromotethereuseof
newspapers.
b)Trolleysareusedfornewspapersenterprisestorecovernondistributednewspapersand
newspapersalreadyused.
Recyclingnewspapers
c) The increase of recycling derived of rate implementation supposes the use of pre
establishedintegratedwastemanagementsystemforpaperandcardboard.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Participationmethodology.
Asurveywascarriedoutto500readerstoknowdifferentquestionsabouthispreferences
andhabitsrelatedtoselection,useanddisposaloffreenewspaper.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
SEPTEMBER2009FEBRUARY2010
StartupofthestudyfundedbyEMSTHR(September2009)
Interviewswiththemainfreenewspapercompanies(September2009)
Datacompilation(October2009December2009).
Compilationofcostsassociatedtocardboardandpaperwastemanagementsystem.
Calculationofpaperwasteflowsgeneratedbyfreenewspapersenterprises.
ElaborationofaLifeCycleInventory(tableofInputsandOutputs).
Resultspresentation(February2010)
Results and conclusions of the study are presented in EMSTHR. More than 50
municipalitiesareintheaudience.
MARCH2010JUNE2010
Influencethechangeofrulesatstatelevel:
PresenceintalkswiththeWasteAgencyofCatalonia;agencyoftheregionalgovernment
GeneralitatdeCatalunya(March2010)(moredetailsin:
http://www20.gencat.cat/portal/site/arc/)
ContextualizationoftheresultsobtainedinthestudywiththeaimsofManagement
ProgramofMunicipalWastesofCatalonia(PROGREMIC).Moredetailsin:http://www.arc
cat.net/ca/publicacions/pdf/agencia/programes/exp_publica/progremic.pdf
Networkpromotionandcampaign:
Develop and publicize studies which demonstrate economic viability, environmental and
socialperformanceoftheproposedsystem.(June2010)
Increasesocialsupport
MeetingsandcontactswithpublictransportmanagementcompaniesasMetropolitan
EntityofTransport.
Meetingsandcontactswithlocalandmunicipalentities:meetingwith50citycouncils.
Meetingsandcontactswithuniversitiesandresearchcenters.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

YEAR2011
Monitoringthechangeofregulations
Start in Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (Catalonia) a debate and approval of the
supramunicipal normative on waste prevention and influence the implementation rate for
freenewspapers.
Communicationanddisplaythefeasibility
PilottestinBarcelonaorothermunicipalities.(Spring)
Backtoregionaldebatesbeforetheelectionsandassesstheprogressandstatus.

11.FUNDS
The network is financed by free newspapers enterprises and indirectly by advertising
companies.
Ithasbeencalculatedthatthecostofanadvertisementpernewspapershouldincreaseless
than1%tocoverthewastemanagementcostsofpaperwaste.
Privatefundinghastocovertheproposedrate.

12.COSTS
It has been obtained that the average costs of publishing and advertisement in a free
newspaper has a range of 0,600,74 depending of the enterprises. To include the waste
managementcostsupposeanincrementinthepublishingcostof0,0039pernewspaper.

13.RESULTS
Thisgoodpracticesaimsto:
1.Contributetotheadoptionnormativestoreversetheunsustainabletrendofincreased
wastegenerationandmovetowardsaCatalanstrategyof"ZeroWaste".
2.ContributetoaccomplishwiththeobjectivesofManagementProgramofMunicipal
WastesofCatalonia(PROGREMIC).Moredetailsin:http://www.arc
cat.net/ca/publicacions/pdf/agencia/programes/exp_publica/progremic.pdf
Recycledpaperwaste
This is estimated that 8309 tons per year could be incorporated to paper and cardboard
waste management system. This represents an increment of 6% of the total paper and
cardboardrecycledinthecasestudyareain2009(138298tonsperyear).

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SocialBenefits
Thecreationofaratewillsupposetheopportunityofdischargepublicadministrationsand
indirectlycitizensofthecostsuntilnowassumedtomanagementofthewastepaperfrom
freenewspapers.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
PAYT program is an effective tool in increasing waste separation and recycling, and also
encouragewasteminimization.Theresultissignificantenergysavingsfromtransportation,
increases in material recovery from recycling, and reduction in pollution from landfills and
incinerators.PAYTprogramalsoencourageproducerstodevelopmoreefficientdesignsand
environmentallyfriendlyproductlifecycles.
BasedontheresultsofLifeCycleAssessmentstudyofPayasyouThrowforfreenewspaper
whenwastepaperfromfreenewspaperisincludedinintegratedwastemanagementsystem
couldbeavoided0.18tonsofCO2eq.pertonofvirginpaperavoidedproduction.

15.USEFULLINK:
1. ProgramadeGestideResidusMunicipalsaCatalunya20072012(PROGREMIC).Barcelona(2007).
DepartamentdeMediAmbientiHabitatge.
2. EcoembalajesEspaa,S.A(Ecoembes).ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleen
www.ecoembes.com
3. EcovidrioS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.ecovidrio.es
4. SigfitoS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.sigfito.es
5. SigreS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.sigre.es
6. SignusS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.signus.es
7. TNUS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.tnu.es
8. SigausS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.sigaus.es
9. SigpiS.A.ltimavisitarealizadaenJulio2010.Disponibleenwww.sigpi.es
10. IDESCAT(2008)
11. DadesAmbientalsMetropolitans2008.reaMetropolitanadeBarcelona.EntitatdelMediAmbient
12. Guiaperalelaboracideplanslocalsdeprevencideresidusmunicipals.Barcelona(2010).Agncia
deResidusdeCatalunyaiCentreCataldelReciclatge.
13. SantosDezM.T.(2007)ElaugedelaprensagratuitaenEspaa.Bilbao.UniversidaddelPasVasco
,ServicioEditorial.
14. AsociaciCatalanadelaPremsaGratuita(ACPG).Disponibleenhttp://www.acpg.cat
15. AsociacinEspaoladelaPrensaGratuita(AEPG).disponibleenhttp://www.aepg.es
16. ISO 14040: environmental manangementlife cycle assessmentprinciples and framework.
Geneve,Switzerland;2006.
17. FrischknechtR,JungbluthN,editors.Ecoinventproject.SwissCentreforLifeCycleInventories,Du
bendorf,Switzerland,2004.
Availablefromhttp://www.ecoinvent.ch/S

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

18. AsPapel.Estadsticas20082001.Disponibleenwww.aspapel.es
19. SustainabilityPerformance2008.Storaenso.Disponibleenwww.storaenso.com
20. BoveaM.D,IbezForsV.,GallardaA.,ColomerMendozaF.J.Environmentalassessmentof
alternativemunicipalsolidwastemanagementstrategies.ASpanishcasestudy.Waste
Manegement2010.
21. IriarteA.,GabarrellX.,RieradevallJ.LCAofselectivewastecollectionsystemsindenseurbanareas.
WasteManagement29(2009),903914
22. RivesJ.,RierdevallJ.,GabarrellX.LCAcomparisonofcontainersystemsinmunicipalsolidwaste.
WasteManagement30(2010),949957
23. EncuestaGeneraldeMedios.FebreroNoviembre2009.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

The Pay as you Throw is in force in many ThePayasyouThrowsystemrequiresthe


Europeancountries,AmericaandOceania.
involvement of citizens and distribution
chainsinordertosucceed.
E.g.
The rate ensure the correct application of
http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/to waste management cost to real responsible
ols/payt/index.htm
companiesbut doesnoensuretheincrease
Thegoodpracticeproposeddoesnotimply oftherecycling.
technologychanges.

It is necessary to justify in deep that the


mainproductoffreenewspaperispublicity
and not information. Not applying in
conventional newspaper could be seen as a
discriminativeact.

ThePayasyouThrowforfreenewspapers
has accumulated enough environmental,
social and economical data to question the
currentsystemofcontainermanagementin
theState.

Management Program of Municipal


Wastes of Catalonia (PROGREMIC). This
good practice helps to accomplish the aims
establishedinthisprogram.
Opportunity

Threat

To improve the public opinion about free The current economical crisis has
newspaper. Publishing newspaper as a free decreasedtheincomesintermsofpublicity
productandrecyclable.
infreenewspapers.Reducingthevolumeof
business for free newspapers enterprises.
The support of supramunicipal The introduction a new rate could suppose
administrationinthisinitiative.
anobstacleinitsbusinessactivity.

Thepoliticaldecisiontochangethesystem
isnotwithoutrisk.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

2.

"Retorna" Network, return for the future of"Retorna" Network for the
promotion of a Return, Collection, and Recovery System (SDDR from its
initialsinSpanish).

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:17thSeptember2010
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Catalonia/Spain
Population:46.951.532(January2010)
Authority/organization in charge: "Retorna" Network for the promotion of a Return, Collection, and
RecoverySystem(SDDRfromitsinitialsinSpanish).
Contacts:
DomingoJimnezBeltrn,president
Secretary(FundaciPrivadaCatalanadePrevencideResidusiConsumResponsable)
Tel.(+34)936686107/info@residusiconsum.org

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

36
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
"Retorna" Network was established as a lobby for defending the implementation of a
Return,Collection,andRecoverySystemforlightpackaginginCataloniaandSpain.

2.ACTORS
"Retorna" Network was established with the support of over 50 local authorities, 40
associations,andvarioussupramunicipalorganizationsanduniversities.
Their role is lobbying to the Ministry of Environment, Rural and Marine Environment to
influence the planned reform of the law on packaging and packaging waste in order to
introducetheimplementationofanSDDRinSpain.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThebeneficiaryoftheactivityisthewholeofSpanishsocietybybetterseparationofwaste,
betteruseofmaterialsandsavingsintheuseofrawmaterials.

4.OBJECTIVES
1.Encourageachangeofmodellegislationandwastemanagement,especiallyinpackaging,
inCataloniaandSpain.
2.AsafirststeptopromoteaReturn,Collection,andRecoverySystemforpackaging.
3. Promote discussion and encourage membership among local Campaign (motions and
agreements), municipal associations, economic actors involved, universities, institutions,
civic organizations and civil society to address a change of management model and
regulationofwastesandpackaginginthecountryandCatalonia.
4. Disseminate information and awareness activities to the whole of Catalan society about
excessive consumption of resources and the need to reduce the "ecological rucksack" of
packaging.
5.CoordinatewiththeSpanishRedtorna.
6.Representationintheprocess:presentation,discussionandmonitoringoftheseproposals
to the Catalan Government and the Parliament of Catalonia. Along with Redtorna,
participateindiscussionandnegotiationswiththeMinistryfortheEnvironment.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Inafirstphase,theproposedSDDRinSpainincludesPET,cansandcartons.Thesefractions
aretheonethatcurrentlyhavetheworstrateofrecoveryusingtheyellowcontainer.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
ThecollectionofpackagingbySDDRcanbedonemanuallyorautomated.Inbothcasesthe
userretrievesthedepositinstantly,andthen thestoreormallreceive theamountfrom a
systemmanagerornationalsystem.
Manual Collection: containers are returned to stores and stored without compacting in
sacks.Anauthorizedagenttocollectthebagsvisitstheshopsandbringsthecontainerstoa
countingandcompactionplant,wheretheselectedproductissentforrecycling.
Automatic Collection: returning machines are installed in areas of great affluence. These
machines count, classify, and compact packaging at source. The waste containers are
generally sent by reverse logistics distribution to the central and from there sent to
recyclers.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
The various entities that make up the network account for sufficient experience in the
management of municipal waste and enough technical knowledge to raise and lead a
reformofthepackaginglawthatisbothambitiousandrealistic.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
The SDDR is a system that encourages the return of certain containers by fixing deposit
associated with the container. When the empty container is returned in proper condition
theamountisreturnedtotheconsumer.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SEPTEMBERDECEMBER2010
Constitutionandpublicpresentation(September17)
Brandregistration(September)
NetworkInfrastructureOrganization(October1stBoardMeeting)
Influencethechangeofrulesatstatelevel:
PresenceintalkswiththeMinistryfortheEnvironment(SeptemberOctober)
Preparelegalreportsthatsupporttheproposals.(September)
Interviews with the Catalan parliamentary groups to incorporate the proposal
to their electoral programs (October) and demand for hearing to the Committee on
EnvironmentoftheParliamentofCatalonia.
InterviewswithCatalanMinistryfortheEnvironment.
Networkpromotionandcampaign:
Develop and publicize studies which demonstrate economic viability, environmental and
socialperformanceoftheproposedsystem.(December)
Create(Fall):
Awebsite,incoordinationwithRedtorna
Promotionandcommunicationtoolssuchasperiodicnewsletters,...
Increasesocialsupport
Accessionof50moreassociations.
Accessionofmorelocalandmunicipalentities:
FMCandtheACMmembership
Achieve100motionsatcitycouncils
Accessionofmostuniversitiesandresearchcenters.
Increasesupportgroups,parliamentariansandgovernmentcomplicity
Proposedincorporationatelectoralprograms.(October)
Meetingswithparliamentarygroups.(December)
CreationofaWorkGroupwiththegovernmentdepartmentsconcerned.(December)
Incorporatingstakeholders
Startingconversationswithbusinessoperators,fillers,distributorsandretailers...

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

YEAR2011
Monitoringthechangeofregulations
According totheState Government resolve,monitorthe processofapprovalofthenew
WasteActandtheamendmentprocessforthePackagingandPackagingWasteAct.
Start in Catalonia a debate and approval of the Catalan Law on waste prevention and
influencetheimplementationofSDDRinpackaginginCatalonia.
Communicationanddisplaythefeasibility
PilottestinBarcelonaorothermunicipalities.(Spring)
Backtoregionaldebatesbeforetheelectionsandassesstheprogressandstatus.

11.FUNDS
The network is financed by members' own resources and contributions from allied
organizations.
SDDR system is designed to be the producers who take responsibility for managing the
packagingwastetheyputonthemarket,freeinguplocalauthoritiesinthistask.
Extended producer responsibility not only ensures the optimization of management, but
allowscitycouncilsandcountycouncilstoallocateresourcestoothereconomicactivitiesto
servethepeople.

12.COSTS
The SDDR system is not implemented yet in Spain and therefore there is no data on costs
andrevenues.
Withtheaimofgeneratingquantitativedata,"Retorna"networkhascommissionedseveral
studiestoassessthecreationofjobsgeneratedbytheimplementationofaSDDR,andthe
costsandbenefitstheygenerate.

13.RESULTS
TheNetworkaimstoendachievethefollowingresults:
1. Contribute to the adoption of policies to reverse the unsustainable trend of increased
wastegenerationandmovetowardsaCatalanstrategyof"ZeroWaste".
2.InfluencethemodificationofexistingStateandCatalanregulations:
To incorporate amendments to the drafting and final approval of the Waste Act (July

40
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

December2010),whichpromotespreventivepoliciesandSDDRforpackaging.
IntroducechangesinthePackagingandPackagingWasteAct.
Law Enforcement Catalan Waste Prevention. Submitted to the Government (November
2008)andcurrentlyunderstudy.Ask thenewgovernmentand Parliamenttoapprovethis
Act:
Promotingreusablepackaging.
FirststeptoestablishtheSDDRasageneralmanagementsystemofpackaging.
Introduceenvironmentaltaxation.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Based on the results of a comparative LCA study between SDDR and "Green Dot" system
commissioned by "Retorna", when the SDDR selective collection using machines is greater
than40%,theresultsshowthatforallimpactcategoriesconsideredandallthepercentages
of selective collection, the SDDR has a better environmental performance in the
managementofPETbottles,cansandcartons.

15.USEFULLINK:
1. Ley11/1997,de24deabril,deEnvasesyResidusdeEnvases.
2. Directiva2004/12/CEdelparlamentoEuropeoydelConsejode11defebrerode2004,porlaquese
modificalaDirectiva94/62/CErelativaalosenvasesyresiduosdeenvases.
3. Elssistemesdedipsit,devoluciiretorndenvasos.LasolucidegestidelsResidusdenvasosms
ecolgicaieficient(2010).FundaciCatalanaperalaPrevencideResidusielConsumResponsable.
Versi1.5.Disponibleen:http://www.residusiconsum.org
4. Estudioparaladeterminacindelafrmuladepagodeaplicacinalarecogidaselectivadeenvases
ligeros(2007).EcoembalajesEspaaS.A
5. Programa de Gesti de Residus Municipals a Catalunya 20072012 (PROGREMIC). Barcelona (2007).
DepartamentdeMediAmbientiHabitatge.
6. InformedeSostenibilitatAmbientaldelProgramadeGestideResidusMunicipalsaCatalunya2007
2012.AgenciadeResidusdeCatalunya

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

The SDDR system is in force in many The "Retorna" Network is less able to
European countries, America and Oceania, influence the political powers that the
wherecontainerrecoveryratesreachabove currentmanagersofthe"greendot"system.
80%.
TheSDDRsystemrequirestheinvolvement
The necessary technology is mature and ofcitizensanddistributionchainsinorderto
proven.
succeed.
The "Retorna" Network has accumulated The SDDR system can be perceived as a
enough environmental, social and returntothepast,asanoldsystem.
economical data to question the current
system of container management in the
State.
Opportunity

Threat

The Packaging and Packaging Waste Act The packaging collection system
established in Spain has enough financial
willopensoonitsperiodofrevision.
resourcesandpowerfulintereststooverride
The change of Minister for the thepotentialchangesthatmayaffectit.
Environmenthasmadetheinstitutionmore
Thepoliticaldecisiontochangethesystem
receptivetonewproposals.
isnotwithoutrisk.
The objectives of the network are shared
by municipal entities (to save financial
resources), environmentalists (to increase
collection and recycling), universities (to
scientifically prove the goodness of the
system), companies (interested in opening
new markets) and trade unions (in view of
thepossibilityofcreatingnewjobs).

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

3.

CAPANNORITOWARDSZEROWASTEofMunicipalityofCapannori;ASCIT

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:inDecember2004
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country, Region and Locality where the activities are deployed: Italy/Toscana Region/ Municipality of
Capannori(LU)
Population:46.000inhabitants
Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofCapannori;ASCIT(http://www.ascit.it/)
Contacts:EnvironmentAlderman:AlessioCiacci:a.ciacci@comune.capannori.lu.it/
http://www.comune.capannori.lu.it/

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)
ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

43
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof

44
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

water,soilandsubsoil
Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

45
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
AdhesiontotheinternationalZeroWasteStrategyandsubsequentstartofactivitiesof
wasterecyclingandreduction.

2.ACTORS
MunicipalityofCapannoriEnvironmentAlderman;
AscitSpa;ecologicaloperators,localassociationsandcitizens.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Targetgroupandfinalbeneficiariesarecitizensasbeneficiariesofurbansanitationservices
andasusers.

4.OBJECTIVES
The goal is to get closer to Zero Waste for disposal through the recycling of almost all
municipalwaste,bypreventingtheproductionofwasteandencouragingwastereuse.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Aboutthe80%ofurbanwasteisdestinatedtotheseparatedwaste;reuseorganicmaterial
forcompostproduction,recoveryofpapercardboard,plastic,glassandmetalsforreusein
productioncycles.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
CapannoriMunicipalityhaschangedthesystemofcollection:fromcollectionwithbigtrucks
intothecontainerssituatedontheroad,wemovedtothecollectionthroughsmallvehicles,
mostlyelectricornaturalgas,whicharedailyservingthecitizensofemptyingtherecycling
domesticbins.
Forwastereductionwerecarriedoutfollowingactivities:
Distributiontothefamiliesofhomecompostbinfororganicmaterial;
Purchaseofautomaticdistributorsofmilkontap;
Distributionofcontainersforthesaleofdetergentsontap;
Installationofanultraviolettreatmentsystemtopurifyspringwaterinthemunicipalarea.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Morethan40newemployees.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
TheMunicipalityofCapannorijoinedtheinternationalZeroWastestrategybylaunchinga
seriesofactions,describedbelow,aimedatrecyclingofallwasteandreducingwaste
production,suchas:
Actionsforwastecollection:
Separatecollection:doorstepcollection"Doortodoor,withfreedeliverytoallthe
familiesofcontainers,bagsmadeofMaterbi,binscomposting.Wastecollectedintwo
differentways:paperandpaperboard,multimaterial(glass,plastics,tetra,metalcans,tins,
plasticbags,foodtrays,etc..),Organicandgreencuttingsandprunings,bulkywaste,waste
oil,similartoallnondomesticusers.Preparationofweeklyandmonthlycalendarforthe
homecollectionofdifferentwaste.Afteraninitialtestofwastecollectiondoortodoorina
smallvillageof600inhabitantshavebeenimplementedperiodicextensionsofservicetothe
totalcoverageof45,662residentsthroughouttheCityinJune2010.
EcologicalIslands:preparationoftwoecologicalislandsforwastesuchaswood,tv,
computers,batteries,etc...Intheecologicalislandsthereare10differentcontainersfor
differentmaterials,asystemfortheweighingofwastedeposited,presenceofanoperator.
Thewastedepositedintheecologicalislandareweighedateachdischargeandtheweight
ofthewaste,dependingonthematerialgiven,istransformedintoascore.Incentive
instruments:thecitizensareequippedwithamagneticcardthatkeepstrackofthepoints
andattheendoftheyear,citizenswhoexceedascoreof500,receiveathomeacheckfor
20euro.

ActionsforWasteReduction

47
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

HomeCompostingcampaigntoraiseawarenesswiththepublic,startedin2005in
partnershipwithASCITcompany.Systemtostimulatecitizens:10%discountonthevariable
rateofwasteforallnationalswhoengageinhomecomposting.Thecompany(ASCIT)gave
citizensafreecompostbinandatechnicalmanualwithinstructionsformakingagood
compostusingorganicwastes.Withthispolicytoday,citizensengagedinhomecomposting
increasedto2023inthemunicipality.Eachyear,acheckismadeonasampleofcitizenswho
practicehomecomposting.Monitoringactivitieshaveshownthatover96%ofcasescarried
outcorrectlyhomecomposting.
GreenPurchasing:TheCityofCapannori,firstinTuscanyRegion,hassince2005adopted
thesystemofgreenpurchasing,witharesolutionofaccessiontotheprocedureGPP(Green
PublicProcurement).AllpurchasesoftheMunicipalityhavebeenplacedunderaprocedure
thatfavorstheproductsmadewithrecycledmaterialsandlowenvironmentalimpact.
WithintheMunicipalitywasalsolaunchedseparatecollectionandtherecoveryofwaste
suchastonerforprinters.
GoodWaterincanteens:In2007MunicipalityofCapannorihaslaunchedapilotprojectin
threeschools,graduallyreplacingthebottledwaterintheschoolcanteens,usingjugsoftap
water.Thisprojecthassaved8,500boxesofmineralwaterperyear.In2009theprojectwas
extendedtoall22municipalschools,withareductionof40,000bottlesfromSeptember
2009toFebruary2010,saving1,600kgofplasticanddeterminingamajorlineof
environmentaleducationfor2438childreninvolved.Themunicipalgovernmenthassigneda
MemorandumofUnderstandingwiththeAcqueSpA:thecompanyhasprovidedfreejugsof
glasstobeusedinschoolcafeteriasandcarryoutregularmonitoringtoensurethequalityof
tapwater.
TheWayofWater:theprojectwasrealizedwiththeobjectiveofminimizingwateruseand
withtheaimofexploitingthenaturalsourcesintheareaasaplaceof"commongood",from
whichallcitizenscandrawwaterfortheirconsumption,inabsolutesafety.Forthispurpose,
apathwascreatedcalled"TheWayofWater",whichincludes15watersourcesscatteredin
theterritoryofCapannori,withanultravioletpurificationsystem,whicheliminatesthe
bacteria.Theprojectstartedin2005withatotalcostof500,000,financedby60%from
theTuscanyRegion.
Milkontap:aprojectrealizedtoreducepackagingbutalsoforthedevelopmentof"short
chainofMilk",throughtheuseofavendingmachinemilkontap,withpositive
consequencesintermsof:aguaranteeofhighqualitymilkbecauseitiscooleranditisnot
treatedandbecausethefarmerswhosupplythevendingmachinesformilkontapshould
takethecertificationMilkhighquality,resultinginsavingsforthosewhobuymilkontap;
economicbenefitsforproducerswhohavemoreprofitmargins,environmentalbenefitsto
minimizetheuseofcontainers"disposable".Results:FromFebruary2008toFebruary2010
weresoldabout200litersofmilkperdayforatotalofabout110,000liters.Consideringthat
about90%ofconsumersbuythemilkusingyourowncontainer,weresparedmorethan
90,000disposablepackaging.
Detergentsontap:itspossiblebuyhighqualitydetergentsontap,naturalsandecological
fromlocalbusinesses,andcanbeboughtusingitsowncontainer,resultinginsavingsfor
buyersandtheenvironment.
Targetgroupsinvolved:nationalandlocalassociations(ConfesercentiorConfcommercio),

48
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

AtoRifiutiandproducerorganizations.
Results:Inayearwesold27,000litersofecologicaldetergentsontapin15outletsinthe
City.Theprojecthasspreadbeyondthemunicipalboundaries,extendingthroughoutthe
ProvinceofLucca,thankstoeffectivecommunicationcampaign.
Ecosagre:wasdefinedaMunicipalRegulationsgoverningtheuseofmaterials
"disposable"asdishes,glasses,plasticdishes,duringthesummerevents,withtheaimof
reducingtheenvironmentalimpactinthemunicipalarea.Withthisregulation,the
organizersofthiseventsarecommittedto:minimizingwasteproducedduringthefestival;
toreducewasteandpackagingusingcrockery,cutleryandglassesthatarereusableor
madeofcompostablematerial.Results:since2008yeartodatehavebeensparedmore
than40,000covereddisposable.
EcologicalNappies:MunicipalityofCapannorilaunchedanawarenesscampaigndirected
tocitizens,topromotetheuseofwashablenappies,madeof90%organiccottonsand
naturalmaterials,toreplacethose"disposable"whohaveanhighenvironmentalimpact,
sincecompoundswithnonrecyclablematerial.Thenappiescanbepurchasedatlocal
pharmaciesandfamiliesparticipatingintheinitiativereceiveadiscount.Results:Since
November2008,theyearofinitiationofthepromotionalcampaignandlocalincentivesat
February2010itisestimatedthat80familieshavecontributedtothereductionofwaste,
producing100tonslesswaste.
Marketexchangeandreuse:InitiativepromotedbyMunicipalwiththeinvolvementofa
localassociationfortheorganizationofthefleamarketeverytwomonths,bymeanscitizens
canbringtomarketeveryobjectivestypologysuchas:books,furnitureandanyothertypeof
objectintendedtoreuse,inordertocontributetothelonglifecycleofmaterials.
Awaytheplasticfromallthecanteensa:MunicipalityofCapannorihasbannedthe
"disposable".Inall10schoolcanteensandthe20municipalcanteensareusedonlyplates
anddishesthataredishwashersafe.Results:Thereweresavingstothecycleofwasteabout
2,680disposablematerialsaweek,foratotalofapproximately67,000plasticdisheseach
year.
EffecortaCooperative:Theprojectwasfoundedforthepromotionoflocalproductsthat
youcanbuyinbulk(agriculturalproducts,meat,cheese,etc....),Tohelpreducewasteinthe
productionandpackagingandtogiveopportunitiesforeverycitizentopurchasethe
quantityofproducts,commensuratewithownconsumption.

11.FUNDS
Regionalfunds:TuscanyRegion
Provincialfunds:ProvinceofLucca
Municipalfunds:MunicipalityofCapannori

12.COSTS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Dataaboutrecycling:inthemunicipalityofCapannoriin2009wereharvested17.386tonsof
separatedwaste.IntheProvinceofLucca,theaveragecostofplacingoftheundifferentiated
wastesis160europerton.Ifthese17,386tonnesofwasteswereconferredtolandfill,it
wouldtake2,781,760.00fortheirdisposal.Thecostofdeliverytorecyclingfacilitiesof
17.386tonswasinsteadof927,815.00.Alsomustbeconsideredthatthepaperisa
resource:infactfromthesaleof5,459tonsofpapercollectedin2009,wereobtained
280,956.00.
Thetotalcostforthe17,386tonsofseparatedwastedeliveredtorecyclingplantsin2009,
wasequalto646,859.00(consideredincomefromthesaleofthepaper),withasavingof
2,134,901.00,whichareusedforpurchaseofmaterialsforfamilies,recruitmentofstaff,for
thepurchaseofnewmechanicalequipmentandtheinformationcampaign.

13.RESULTS
Withtheseparatedwastefrom2004to2009wehavestartedtorecycle85,467tonsof
waste.Fromthe"doortodoor"wastecollection,increasingtheseparatedwaste,we
achievedareductionofmixedwastetodisposeofapproximately30,000tonsofwaste.
Withtheseparatedwasteofpaperin2009wehavesaved:theslaughterofnearly100,000
treestheconsumptionof2.5milliongallonsofwatermorethan7,000tonsofCO2
emissions;throughhomecompostingandreuseoforganicmaterial,pruningandmowingwe
haveobtainedasavingofalmost5,000tonsofCO2emissions.Separatecollection+
compostingactivity=savingsof13,272tonsofCO2emittedintotheenvironment.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

14.USEFULLINK:

14.ANNEX(ifnecessary):

50
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTanalysis
Strength
Participatingtotheinternationalnetwork
ofZeroWaste;

Weaknesses
Abilitytomaintainandimprovethe
performanceachievedtodate;

Establishingasynergicandcomplementary Toextendthispolicyatnationallevel;
setofactionsaimedatrecyclingandreuse
toadopteffectivenationallegislation,
ofmaterials;
favouringthereduction,recyclingandreuse
ofmaterials.
Thesensitivityofpolicymakersinthe
adoptionofaZeroWastepolicy;
Targetedcommunicationandawareness
campaignfocusingonthecitizen;
Adoptionofincentivesforcitizens
(reductionofwastetax);
Activeparticipationofkeyactorsand
stakeholders.
Opportunity

Threat

Possibilitytoreplicatethegoodpracticein
othernationalcontexts;
Abilitytogenerateincomes;
Possibilitytosavepublicfoundonwaste
management;
Creatingnewjobsthroughthegreen
economy.

51
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

4.

RECYCLODROMEofRECYCLODROMEassociation

Category:
PolicyXPractice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource
XReuse

MaterialRecovering

XRecycle

EnergyRecovering

Dateofstarting:2007
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:France/RegionPACA/Marseille/1starrondissement
Population:47.000
Authority/organizationincharge:RECYCLODROMEassociation
Contacts:recup@recyclodrome.org

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternativesolutions
(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

52
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmakingprocesses

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityandsolidarity
criteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'categories,
disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste management
system:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationofwater,soil
andsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinaltreatment

53
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Thisassociationcollectsobjectsconsideredaswastefromindividuals,associationsorcompanies,in
ordertogivethemasecondlife.Theobjectsareworked(cleaning,repair,makeover)thenoffered
forsaleintheworkshopboutiqueoftheassociation.Theseactivitiesalsosupportawarenessonthe
themeofwasteandreuse.

Becauseofitsbeneficialtotheenvironmentandthedevelopmentofalocalservicecarrierofsocial
ties,RECYCLODROMEispositionedasafullparticipantofthesolidarityeconomy.

2.ACTORS
CitizensofthemunicipalityofMarseilleaswellasprivatecompaniesorassociations.

3.BENEFICIARIES
CityofMarseilleanditscitizens,mainlythecitizensofthefirstdistrictofthecity.
Pupilsinschoolsthroughpublicawarenesscampaigns.
However, the actions extend to the entire basin of the city of Marseille, the workshopboutique is
locateddowntowninMarseille,inthedistrictofNoailles.

4.OBJECTIVES
Reductionofwastebyderivatingflowstopromotereuseandrecyclingthrough:
Collectionofwaste(possiblethroughadoortodoorcollectionservice),repairandsale.
Organisationofworkshopsonthethemewastereduction
Realisation of some technical studies and expertise dedicated to the reduction of waste (for
instance;studyofanewwastemanagementsystemforwastecomposedofcardboardfrom

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Cleaning,repair,makeover

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

54
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
4employees:

Manager,withcompetencesinwastemanagementsystems,

Technicianandworker,torepairthecollectedwaste

Administrativeofficer

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelforthewastecollectionvehicle

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Wastearebeingcollected(typesofwaste:mainlyfurnitureandweee)
Cleaned,Repaired
Putforsale
Publicawarenesstowardswastereduction

11.FUNDS
RegionPACA
GeneralcouncilofBouchesduRhne
FondationdeFrance
Cigalesnetworkofassociation

COSTS
Collectionofwasteisfreeofcharge(apaymentisclaimedonlyiftherearelargequantitiestocollect
andiftheypotentiallycontainwasteimpropertoberepaired)
CleaningandRepairofwasteisfreeofcharge

55
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

11.RESULTS
1600membersoftheassociation

secondaryrawmaterialsandproductsderivedbyreuse/recovering/recycling;

typeandquantityofavoidedwaste:mainlyfurnitureandweee(nostatisticavailableonthe
quantity)

type and quantity of natural resources avoided: raw materials (metals, wood, chemical
agents,etc.)

other environmental benefits: avoid the landfilling of waste, as there can be considered as
goodsifrepaired

Socialbenefits:employmentofpeoplewithloweducationalgrade

Improvementoftheemploymentconditionsinthenewgreeneconomy:creationof4jobs

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Thecontributionofthisprojectliesin:
thereductionofnaturalresourcesconsumption
the reduction on pressures on soils and water, through the derivation of waste assumed to be
landfilled

13.USEFULLINK:

14.ANNEX(ifrelevant):

56
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

implementation of an innovative system collection of waste generated locally, in a


forthereuseofwaste,
districtinMarseille
contribution of waste collection to be
landfilled

promotion of a longerlife products


system,
realization of public awareness campaigns
addressed to pupils in schools and to
citizensintheworkshopboutique.
Opportunity

Threat

Exchange of knowledge and experience Absenceofparticipationofcitizens.


between France and other med countries
where such projects have already been
implemented

57
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

5.

RecyclingofpackagingwasteofSolidwastemanagementcorporationof
Zakynthos

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:1996
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Greece/Ionianregion/Zakynthos

Population:40.000(60.000canbebenefitedformtheproject)

Authority/organizationincharge:SolidwastemanagementcorporationofZakynthos
Contacts:

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

58
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

59
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
TherecyclingprogrammeistheoldestonedevelopedinanyGreekmunicipality.Ithadbeen
initiatedin1996togetherwiththestartingofthesanitarylandfillintheislandofZakynthos.

2.ACTORS
CitizensandvisitorsinthemunicipalityofZakynthos.
Localorganizations.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofZakynthosanditscitizens.
SolidwastemanagementcorporationofZakynthos

4.OBJECTIVES
Achievewasterecoveryof10%ofthetotalcollectedrecyclablewaste.
ParticipationofthetouristicareasofZakynthosintheprogramme.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

60
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Paper:2.000t/year
Plastic:600t/year
Metals,glass:1.500t/year

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
TechnologicalEquipment
Wastecollectionvehicle
Bluebins:405

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
employedsworkingonthemanagementandadministrationoftheproject:2
employedsworkingonthewastecollection:13

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelsforthewastecollectionvehicle(forbothorganicandrecyclablewaste).
ElectricityfortheMRFoperation

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION

Themunicipalitypersonnelisresponsibleforthewastecollectionfromthebluebins
andtheirtransfertotheMRF.

Themunicipalitypersonnel(6)isresponsiblefortheoperationofallthesectionsof
theMRF.

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided

61
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

12.COSTS
OperationalCost:60.000/yearfor2009
Incomefromsellandsubsidy:150.000/year

13.RESULTS
Benefitsforthecommunity:improvementofthecitizenslifequalityaswellascitizens
educationonrationalwastemanagement.
Externalfactors:wastetransfercostandproductspriceinthemarket.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Formulationofenvironmentalbehaviourconcerningcitizens.
Decreaseinthegeneratedwaste.
Suggestionofuseofrenewablesourcesofenergyinthewastetreatmentunits.

15.USEFULLINK:
www.fodsazante.gr/

62
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Citizens participation in the recycling Highoperationcost.


programme.
Lowproductspriceinthemarket.
Projectssubsidization.

Opportunity

Threat

63
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

6.

Reusecenter(Centerponovneuporabe)ofTechnologycenterfor
applicativeecologyEKOTCEd.o.o.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2010

Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenia

/RogakaSlatina

Population:/

Authority/organizationincharge:TechnologycenterforapplicativeecologyEKOTCEd.o.o.

Contacts:

dr.MarinkaVovk
Telefon:+386(0)37520790
Faks: +386(0)37520791
Epota:orz@siol.com

64
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'

65
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies
Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Reusecenterisintendedforreconstruction,rebuilding,removingandpreparationofstill
usefulproductsforreuse.Thecenterhasanopendoorforall,forthosewhowanttobringin
usefulproducts,andforthosewhowishtobuyrefurbishedproductsforsymbolicprice.
Greenpriceshowstheactualsavingsattheexpenseoftheenvironmentandhas
environmentallyconsciousmeaning,becausetodaynooneaskshowmanyrawmaterials,
water,energy,emissionsareneededforanewproduct.Bydumpingofstillusefulproducts
wethrowawaymaterials,useenergyandwaterandpolluteenvironment.

2.ACTORS
ConsortiumofcompaniesEnvironmentalresearchinstituteSlovenskeKonjiceandTechnology
centerforapplicativeecologyimplementtheprojectofreusecenter.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Residents,publicandprivatesector

66
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

4.OBJECTIVES
Obtainthemaximumamountofusablewasteandreturnthematalowpricebackintouse.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
furniture,electricalandelectronicequipment,toys,clothing,kitchenware

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Provideadetaileddescriptionaboutthemeans,technologies,operationalfacilitiesandothertools

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
workerswithacarpenter,electricalengineering,sewingandrelatedskills

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Indicatetypeandquantityofnaturalresourcesengaged

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Ownersleftusablewastetoreusecenter.Thentheyreviewwaste,fixandcleanitandoffer
forsale.Centeralsooffersrepairservicesforitemsthatcanberepairedandownerswould
liketocontinueusethem.

67
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

11.FUNDS
249,000ofassetsacquiredatthenationalcallforthedevelopmentofsocialenterprises,
fundsderivedfromsales.

COSTS
Costofemployees,Operatingcosts

11.RESULTS

Derivedproductsforreuse
Reductionofbulkywaste
Reduceduseofnaturalresourcestoproducenewproducts,
Newjobs
Productswithlowprices,allowingpurchasetosociallydisadvantagedgroups

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Reductionofwaste,
Conservationofnaturalresourcesneededtoproducenewproducts

13.USEFULLINK:
http://www.ekotce.eu/

68
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

reductionofwaste

tolittleeconomicallystrengthactivity

newjobs

availabilityofgoodsfordisadvantaged

Opportunity

Threat

greatpotentialtodevelop

incaseoflackofsupportfrompublicfunds
theactivitymaybecompromised

69
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

7.

EcoPuntVerdofPICHAGUILERA/TONISOLANAS/GERONAGRUO,SL/
INDIT,SL

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:January2008
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Barcelona/Catalonia/Spain
Population:1.621.537(2009)
Authority/organizationincharge:PICHAGUILERA/TONISOLANAS/GERONAGRUO,SL/INDIT,SL

Contacts:
BarcelonaCityCouncil

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

70
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

72
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Ecodesignofaneighborhoodgreenpointforthecollectionandstorageofmunicipalwaste
forwhichtherearenospecificcontainersonthestreetoracollectionsystemathome.

2.ACTORS
The technical team to ecodesign the "Eco Punt Verd" is formed by architects, designers,
communicologistandenvironmentalists.
Theclient'sprojectistheBarcelonacitycouncil.
The"EcoPuntVerd"userswillbethecitizensofBarcelona.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofBarcelonaanditscitizens.

4.OBJECTIVES
1.Functionalobjectives
Operationclearandvisible
Separationofwasteflows
MultifunctionalEquipment
2.Wastemanagementobjectives:
Facilitatecitizeninput
Optimizethewastecollection
Interactionwithcitizens
3.Sustainabilityobjectives:
Waterselfsufficiency&Energeticselfsufficiency
Minimizetheenvironmentalimpactofmaterials
Integrationintotheurbanenvironment

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Specialmunicipalwastes
Fluorescentlampsandmercuryvapor,Tires
Batteries
Solvents,paintsandvarnishes
Batteries
RefrigeratorsandelectricapplianceswithCFC
Mineraloilsusedcomefromhomes
Ordinarymunicipalwaste
Paperandcardboard
Glass
Lightpackaging
Plastics
Scrapandmetal
Textiles
Largemunicipalwaste
ElectricAppliances(withouthazardoussubstances)
Furnitureandother
Othermunicipalwastes
Timber
WastePlant
Demolitionandconstructionofminorworksremains.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Thecollectionofmunicipalwasteintheneighborhoodgreenpointisdonemanuallybyusing
specifictypesofwastecontainers.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Theteamparticipatingintheprojectiscomposedby:

Architectsanddesigners(definitionoftheconceptandtechnicaldevelopment).
Expertsincommunication(designofcommunicationstrategy).
Environmentalists(Environmentalvalidationofthedesignproposals).

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Creationofamultidisciplinaryteamthatcoverthedifferentkeyaspectsofecodesign
Thedefinitionoftheconceptandit'stechnicaldevelopmentisledbyarchitectsand
designers.
ThedesignofcommunicationstrategyisledbyExpertsincommunicologists.
TheenvironmentalanalysisisledbyEnvironmentalists.
Analysisofdifferentneighborhoodgreenpoint:
Determinetheneighbourhoodgreenpointcharacteristicsthatiswanttoevaluate.
Analysethedesignproblem.
Determinethecriticalenvironmentalfactorsinvolved.
Detectthecompetitivesolutions.
Formulationofanecodesignspecification.
Determinethedesignbriefthatincludetheresultsofthepreviousstage.
DevelopmentoftheEcoPuntVerd
CreatingProductIdeasandConcepts.
Generationofaprovisionaldesignproposal.
Evaluationofproductfeatures.
DisplaytheEcoPuntVerdfeasibility
PilottestinBarcelona.

11.FUNDS
TheprojectisfinancedbyBarcelonaCityCouncil.

12.COSTS
The Eco Punt Verd is not implemented yet and therefore there is no data on costs and
revenues.

13.RESULTS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

TheEcoPuntVerdaimstoachievethefollowingresults:
Environmentalbenefits:
Contributetotheincreaseofthemunicipalwasterecuperationrate.
OptimizationoftheflowofenergyandwaterfortheoperationofEcoPuntVerd.
Socialbenefits
Encouragecitizenparticipationinthemunicipalwastecollection.
Improvementofthecitizenslifequalityaswellascitizenseducationonrational
wastemanagement.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
WaterFlowreduction.RainwaterCollectionforuseincleaning.
Energyflowreduction.Useofsolarresourcesforhotwater.
IntegrationofvegetationonfencetomaintainamicroclimateinsidetheEcoPuntVerdand
fixedCO 2 .

15.USEFULLINK:implantaci
Guiad'implantaciigestidedeixalleries.AgenciadeResidusdeCatalunya.Online:
http://www20.gencat.cat/docs/arc/Home/Ambits%20dactuacio/Valoritzacio%20_%20Reciclatge/Instal_lacio
ns%20de%20gestio/Deixalleries/guiadeix.pdf

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Implementationofanecoinnovated
neighborhoodgreenpointinBarcelona.

Anewsystemthatrequiresthe
involvementofcitizens.

Increaseofthewastemanagementrate.
Citizenseducationonrationalwaysof
wastemanagement.
Experiencethatwillbeusefulforthe
implementationoftheEcoPuntVerdin
othermunicipalitiesinthefuture.
Opportunity

Threat

Highinitialinvestment.
Exchangeofknowledgeandexperience
betweenEcoPuntVerdandother
neighborhoodgreenpointalreadyinstalled. Nocitizensparticipationintheprogram.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

8.

Separateandwin(locujinzmaguj)ofSnagad.o.o.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2009

Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country, Region and Locality where the activities are deployed: Slovenia
Ljubljanaandsuburbanmunicipalities

/Municipality of

Population:400000

Authority/organizationincharge:Snagad.o.o.
Contacts: Snagad.o.o.
Povetovaulica6,
1000Ljubljana

T:014779600
F:014779713
E:snagalj@snaga.si

78
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'

79
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies
Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

80
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Insixroundsofcontestaspecialcommissionwilldrawtencollectionpoints,thentheywill
examinehowfaithfullytheirusersseparatewaste.Fivetimes(April,May,June,September
andOctober)theywilldrawtenrandomlyselectedpointsandinNovemberdrawwillbe
madeonlybetweennurseryschoolsandschools.
Ineachofthefirstfiveroundsforrewardsisintended3750EUR.Thereforeeachindividual
prizeis375EUR.Theawards,whichwillnotbegranted,willbetransferedintothefinal
round,wheretheyoungestwillcompeteforthem.

2.ACTORS
Snagad.o.o.
Slopak
urnal24

3.BENEFICIARIES
households
nurseryschools,schools

4.OBJECTIVES
reductionoflandfilledwaste
By2013toreach170kgofseparatelycollectedwasteperinhabitantperyear

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
mixedwaste(remainsafterseparation)

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Commissionforassessmentofqualityofwasteseparation

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Basedonthedraw,oncepermonthcollectionpointswillbeset,wheremixedwastewillbi
analyzed.Ifcontainerwillcontainmorethan50%ofthewastethatcannotbecollected
separatelyandwillnotcontainhazardouswaste,thewinningprizewillbe375EUR.

11.FUNDS
Inyear2009:10000
Inyear2010:6x3750
(resourcesofSnaged.o.o.)

COSTS
Costsare:awards,promotionofcontestandcommissionforassessmentofqualityofwaste
separation.
Contestisincreasingquantitiesofgainedrawmaterials.

11.RESULTS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

rawmaterialsrecovery
reductionofmixedwaste
smallerburdenonlandfills
rewardingpeopleforsuccessfulseparationofwaste

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT

Reduceduseofnaturalresources,becauseofsecondaryrawmaterials,

Lessneedforlandfills

13.USEFULLINK:
http://www.jhl.si/snaga/locujzmaguj

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

positivestimulusawarding

multiflatbuildings

gettingsecondaryrawmaterials

lessburdenonlandfills

Opportunity

Threat

increaseofprizefundinproportionwith
growofobtainedsecondaryrawmaterials

(non)workingofsecondaryrawmaterial
market

84
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

OmaplastofOmaplastd.o.o.

9.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:1981
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenia//Grosuplje

Population:

Authority/organizationincharge:Omaplastd.o.o.
Contacts:
Tel:

+386(01)7862197

Fax:
Mob:

Email:info@omaplast.com

+386(01)7860370
+386(01)7862580
+38641505428

85
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'

86
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies
Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

87
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Omaplastrecyclesmostcommontypesofmaterials,suchasHDPE,LDPEandPP,and
collectsothermaterialsaswell,suchas.:PMMA,PC,PA,PET,POM...Annually18,000
tonnesofpackagingwasteisrecovered,usingtechnologiesthatdoesnotburdenthe
environment.Goodtechnologicalequipmentandknowledgeinthefieldofrecyclingenable
reliabledistributionofgranulateacrossEuropeasOmaplastexports95%oftotal
productiontoforeignmarkets.

2.ACTORS
Omaplastd.o.o.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Manufacturersofplasticproducts

4.OBJECTIVES
Toreturnasbigaspossibleproportionofplasticbackintoproduction

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Omaplastrecyclesmostcommontypesofmaterials,suchasHDPE,LDPEandPP,butalso
collectsothermaterials,suchas:PMMA,PC,PA,PET,POM

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Sorting:sortingthemostdifficultprocessbecauseitrequireshighpurityoftheproducts.
First,bysortingtheyseparateothermaterialsandinfurtherprocesstheindividualtypesof
plastics.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Processingsavestheprimaryrawmaterialformakingplasticsoil,byprocessingitisused
90%lessenergythanproducingitfromcrudeoil,byprocessingwaterisnaturalresource.
Omaplastisoneofthefewcompaniesthatcanboastwithamoderndeviceforthe
treatmentofindustrialwastewater.Allindustrialwastewaterfromwashingsystemsis
cleanedandreusedintheprocessofrecycling.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION

Storageofpackagingwaste,sorting,grinding,washing,extrusion

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

COSTS
Thecostsaremainlythecostsofproduction,
Revenuescomesfromthesaleofgranulates.

11.RESULTS

Productionofgranulatesfromwasteplastics

Reductionofplasticwaste

Reducingtheneedforcrudeoilandotherenergysources

90%manjaporabaenergijezapredelavokotprimarnoproizvodnjo

90%lesspowerconsumptionforprocessingthanforprimaryproduction

Jobs

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Productionofplasticsfromcrudeoilismuchgreaterburdenfortheenvironmentas
processingofwasteplastics.
Allwastewaterfromwashingsystemsiscleanedandreusedintheprocessofrecycling.

13.USEFULLINK:
http://www.omaplast.com

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Conservationofnaturalresources
Cheaperproductionthanprimary
Reductionofwaste

Downcycling

isnotaclosedcircuitbutstill"fromcradle
tograve"onlyslightlyincreasesthelifetime
ofmaterials

Opportunity

Threat

greatpotentialtoincreaseproductionat
theincreasedlevelandqualityofseparate
collection

Orientatedtoreduceuseofplasticmade
fromcrudeoil

91
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

10. YellowbagsofOKPROGAKASLATINA,d.o.o.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2007
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenia//areofadministrativeunitmarje
priJelah,municipalities:marjepriJelah,RogakaSlatina,Rogatec,Podetrtek,Kozje,BistricaobSotli

Population:32.000

Authority/organizationincharge:OKPROGAKASLATINA,d.o.o.
Contacts:email:tajnistvo@okp.si;telephone:00386(0)38121400

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

92
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

93
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

94
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY

"DoortoDoor"systemforthecollectionofpackagingwasteusingyellowbags
insteadofcollectingincollectioncentre.Withthis"DoortoDoor"system,whichisan
individualsystemofcollectingpackagingwaste,wecanachievelargerquantityof
collectedpackagingwasteascollectingitinthecollectioncentre,whicharedesigned
forapproximately500people.

2.ACTORS
OKP JAVNO PODJETJE ZA KOMUNALNE STORITVE ROGAKA SLATINA, d.o.o. (company for
wastemanagement)

3.BENEFICIARIES

households

publicsector

businessentity

4.OBJECTIVES
Reducingquantitiesofwastelandfilledby30%orachieve45%ofwastetobelandfilled.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Fractionofseparatelycollectedmunicipalwaste.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Yellow bags are brought into the sorting facility, where there is a sorting belt and
waste press. Waste is traveling on sorting belt where it is sorted. With this sorting
valuablesecondaryrawmaterialarecollected. Theremainder(uselesswaste)travelsto
bysortingbelttopress,whereitispressed.Thispreparedremainderofwasteisdepositedon
landfill. Secondary raw material, which is collected in a container, returns after the

processtosortingbelt,thentravelstopress,whichcompressesit.
Wastewhichisintendedforrecyclingcanbeusedformaterialorenergyutilization.
Thiswasteiscalledasecondarymaterial.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE

Workersinwastecollectionvehicles

Workersinsortingfacilities

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
paper(wood),plastic(oil),metals,glass

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Underthenewwastemanagementprogramtheycarryoutthefullseparationofwasteatthe
sourcewithcollectionofpackagingwasteundera"yellowbag"systemathouseholds.Waste
managementprogramisintroducedinthewholeareawiththeobjectiveofminimizationof
mixedmunicipalwasteandincreasingrecycling.Thepurposeofcollectingofpackaginginthe
yellowbagisamoreeffectiveseparationofwasteatsourceandthepossibilityofseparating
wasteatallhouseholdswiththeaimtoreducetheamountofwastethatislandfilled.
Processofcollectingpackagingwastewithyellowbag

Eachhouseholdreceivesfree100or60litertranslucentyellowbagswitharibbonand
instructionsforcollectionofpackagingwasteandscheduleofcollecting.Intheyellow
bagpeoplecanbecollectallpackagingwastetogether(exceptglass):

Plasticpackaging(PETbottleswithalabelandastopper,yogurtpots,bagsand
foil,plasticfoodandcleaningproductspackaging)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Paperpackaging(wrappingpaper,boxes,otherpaperandcardboardproducts)

metalpackaging(cansforalcoholicandsoftdrinks,cansinthefoodindustry,metallids
andothermetalpackaging)

doublelayerpackaging(milk,juice,drinkspackaging,socalledTetraPak)

Large pieces of cardboard, foil, for example silage bales, paper (newspaper,
advertising, etc..), glass packaging,etc.. can people put together with yellow bag on
thedayofcollectingtheyellowbag.

Oncehouseholdsfilltheyellowbagwithpackages,theyneedtoputitoncertainlocation(on
the street) on the scheduled day of removal. The system of collecting packaging waste in
yellow bag enables households to separate packaging from other waste in the begining and
thusreducetheamountofmixedwaste.PackagingintheyellowbagsiscollectedbytheOKP
Rogaska Slatina d.o.o. (the firm for waste management) and take them In the collection
centerTuncovecwheretheyarehandedovertoauthorizedcompanyforrecycling.Inthecase
that households do not take into account the rules for the collection of packaging waste in
yellowbag,wewillaffix astickeronsuchbag" improperlycollectedpackaging"andtakea
bagwiththecorrectpackagingatthenextremoval.

11.FUNDS

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

COSTS
Costs:

collectingofwaste

sortingofwaste

depositingoftherestofwastewhichisnotsuitableforrecycling

Secondaryrawmaterialisobtainedanditistransferredtofurtherprocessing.

11.RESULTS

Paperpackaging(wrappingpaper,boxes,otherpaperandcardboardproducts)

metalpackaging(cansforalcoholicandsoftdrinks,cansinthefoodindustry,metallids
andothermetalpackaging)

doublelayerpackaging(milk,juice,drinkspackaging,socalledTetraPak)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT

Conservationofnaturalresourcesduetoincreasinguseofsecondaryraw
materials

Duetothelowerratedepositionthereislesspressureontheenvironment

13.USEFULLINK:
http://www.okp.si/

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Higher percentages
collectedfractions

of

separately collecting glass and newspaper paper


separately

"More comfortable" solution for


collection of separately collected
fractions

It is not more expensive than a system


with collecting centers, since there is no
costwiththem.

Opportunity

Threat

The Slovenian legislation does not provide


suchasolution

Withchangingtherulesthereare
opportunitiestodevelopmore
solutions

99
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

11. ZeosofZeosd.o.o.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2007
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenija/

Population:/

Authority/organizationincharge:Zeosd.o.o.
Contacts:Brnievaulica39,Ljubljana
Tel.:013668541
Fax:013668582
Enaslov:info@zeos.si

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

100
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

101
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

102
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
CompanyZEOS,d.o.o.,isthebearerofthefirstandonlynationalnonprofitjointscheme
forwasteelectricalandelectronicequipmentinSlovenia.Thecompanyfoundedin2005
has,togetherwithMinistryofEnvironmentandSpatialPlanning,establishedasystemfor
collection,furtherprocessingandrecoveryofwasteelectricalandelectronicequipment.In
cooperationwithEuropeanassociationoflampproducers,thecompanieshassetupa
systemforcollectionandrecyclingofwastelampsandincorporateitintosinglesystemfor
thecollectionofwasteequipmentintheentireEuropeanUnion.In2009ZEOSCompany
wasfirstinSloveniaregisteredasajointschemeholderformanagementwithusedportable
batteriesandaccumulators.

2.ACTORS
producers,collectors,processorsandusersofelectricalandelectronicequipment

3.BENEFICIARIES
Privateandpublicsector,residents

4.OBJECTIVES
EstablishaqualitynetworkforWEEEcollectionandwasteportablebatteriesand
accumulatorscollectionwithmunicipalutilities,tradersandcollectorsofcontract;
toimprovethequalityofcollectedWEEEandwiththattoimprovethefinancialconditionsof
treatmentoperators;
totargetquantitiesofcollectedWEEE,andgoalsoftreatmentandrecycling
maintainandimprovetheexistingoverallschemeofWEEEandwasteportablebatteriesand
accumulators;
activelycooperatewithpublicauthoritiesinmanagingtheproblemofunfaircompetition
andestablishingasystemofequalizationschemes.
Achieve4kgofWEEEpercapita.peryear

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

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WEEE(Wasteelectricalandelectronicequipment)
Lamps
Batteries

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Objects,collectionvehicles

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Drivers,workers(fordisassembly)

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
ManagementwithWasteElectricalandElectronicEquipment(WEEE)comprises:
CollectionofWEEEfromendusers,distributorsandpublicserviceforwastemanagement
TreatmentofWEEE:degradationandseparationofitscomponentspreparationfor
furthertreatment
TherecoveryofWEEE
removalofresiduesfromprocessingofWEEE
ThefirstandsecondstagesareperformedinSloveniaforthethirdand4phasehasZeos
contractorsabroad.

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

COSTS
Costsarecollectionandprocessingofwaste
Incomesarefromsecondaryrawmaterial

11.RESULTS
ZOScompanyhasin2009collectedmorethan5,797tonesofwasteelectricalandelectronic
equipment(WEEE).Giventheamountofnewequipmentplacedonthemarket,therateof
collectedwasteequipmentalreadyacquired38percent.Collectedamountrepresents33
percentincreaseinthesequantitiesover2008,whenitwascollected4271tonesofWEEE,
2007,3262tons.

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
WEEE,batteriesandlampshaveduetopresenceofhazardoussubstanceshighimpacton
theenvironmentifuncontrolleddisposed.Properhandlingwithsuchwastegives
opportunitytogainvaluableresourcesandreduceinputofhazardouswasteintothe
environment.

13.USEFULLINK:
http://www.zeos.si

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SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Wastereduction
RawMaterialrecovery
Reductionofinputsofhazardous
substancesintotheenvironment

Thereisstillahighproportionofwaste
outsidethescheme,manyalsoinlandfills.

Opportunity

Threat

There is a lot of potential to increase many companies do not meet obligations


quantitiesofcollectedwaste
from directive on the management with
WEEE
there is a greater chance for recovery in
Slovenia

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FACTSHEET

12. MOONCUPPROJECT:FORWOMENWHOLOVEENVIRONMENTANDLIKETO
FEEL"FREEofMunicipalityofCollegnoIsolaCooperative

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:March8,2010
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country, Region and Locality where the activities are deployed: Italy/Piemonte Region/Municipality of
Collegno(TO)

Population:50.000inhabitants
Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofCollegnoIsolaCooperative
Contacts:http://www.comune.collegno.to.it/casawiwa@cooperativaisola.org

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

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Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Wastemanagementisoneofthepriorityenvironmentalproblems.Wasteproductionis
increasingandthefirstgoalistoworkforreducingtheirquantity.
Fromthisgoal,CollegnoMunicipality,madeupofmostlywomenandalwaysveryattentive
tothepoliciesofthefemaleworld,asthefirstMunicipalityinPiemonteRegion,has
decidedtopresentandpromotetheirowncitizensandthemunicipalemployees'useofthe
MOONCUP.TheMOONCUPisareusablemenstrualcupmadeofsurgicalsilicon,which
collectsthemenstrualflow,tobeusedlikealternativetoexpensive,pollutingandannoying
femininedisposablenapkins.
Thereareseveraladvantagesofthissolution:
Itisverycheap(becauseitprovidedafinancialcontributionformooncuppurchasing);
itisecologicandhasalowenvironmentalimpact,becauseitdrasticallyreducesthe
amountofwasteproducedbydisposablesanitarytowels;
Itisveryeasytouseandsuitableforallwomenandinparticularforwomenwholoves
travel,swimmingandpracticesportsingeneral;
iscomfortable,properlyinserted,youwillfeelhispresenceanddoesnotcauseany
trouble;
issafesinceitismadeofsurgicalsiliconandhasreceivednumerousqualitycertificates;
MunicipalityofCollegnohasprovidedafinancialcontributionforallwomenwhodecideto
trythisinnovativealternativetotraditionalpads.

2.ACTORS
IsolaCooperative,thatpromotesfairtrade
MunicipalityofCollegnoEqualOpportunitiesCommitteeEnviromentalDepartment
CollegnoFemalePopulationandallwomenmunicipalemployees

3.BENEFICIARIES
CollegnoFemalePopulation(about20.000citizens)
Allwomenmunicipalemployees(160employeesofMunicipalityofCollegno)

4.OBJECTIVES

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The reduction of waste produced on the Collegno territory , assuming that the disposable
absorbentsrepresentmorethan10%ofmixedwastefordisposal.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Themooncupwillbeofferedatagoodpriceandforthefirstyearofthestartupproject,
willbefreedistributed50pieces.Giventhateachwomanusesabout12,000sanitarytowels
duringhislife,for50womenusingthemooncup,itisestimatedawastereductioninorder
to600,000disposablesanitarytowels.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Toachievethepromotionandcommunicationproject,wereusedallmeansatzeroimpactin
the production of waste, such as: press release on the Internet, mail lists, organizing
meetingsdedicatedtothecitizensandwomen,intheheadquartersoftheWomen'sCenter,
intheEqualOpportunitiesOfficeandinthefairtradeshoppoint.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
MunicipalityofCollegnohavechargedwithtwoconsultantswhohaveillustratedhowtouse
themooncupandhaveinformedusersaboutenvironmentalandeconomicbenefitsofthe
mooncupusing.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Step1:ProjectImplementation
EnvironmentalDepartmentofCollegnoMunicipalitytogetherwithIsolaCooperativehave
definedtheplanningactivitiesandcosts.
Step2:Presentationoftheprojectandawarenessactivitiesatmunicipalfacilities:project
wasoutlinedtomembersofEqualOpportunitiesCommittee,Women'sCenter,thelocal
youthandfamilycounseling.Inadditiontothecommunicationcampaignwasorganizeda
trainingcourseforpromotingMoonCupprojectindedicatedseatssuchas:counseling

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womenscenter,localassociations.
Step3:awarenessraisingactivitiestothecitizens,womenandthemunicipalemployees:
ProjectwaspresentedtothepubliconMarch8,duringtheWomenDay,throughthelocal
press,theCouncil'swebsite,themaillistContact.Inseverallocations(Environmental
DepartmentoftheMunicipality,WomensCenters,EqualOpportunitiesCommittee,
ConsultingsurgeyandFairTradeshops)wassetupastandandleafletontheproject"moon
cup",dedicatedtowomen.
Step4:ProjectMonitoring:monitoringactivitiesongoingappliestopurchasesofmoon
cupbywomenandquantitiessoldinstores:thefirstdataafter6monthsfromthestartup
project,aretotallysold40mooncup.

11.FUNDS
Projectwascofinancedby:municipalbudgetof1.000andbyIsolaCooperativefinancial
contributionof200.

COSTS
Municipal cost for the project was of 1,000.00. Its still difficult estimate the economic
revenuesfrommooncupssales:probablytheeconomicbenefitwillbequantifiedintermsof
lesswastetolandfills.

11.RESULTS
Thisprojectwillgenerateenvironmentalbenefitsintermsofwastepreventionandreducing
goingtolandfill;theprojectmayalsobebeneficialtothehealthofwomenwhousethe
mooncups,beingmadewithsafematerialstohealth,suchassiliconesurgery,without
allergicreactions,unlikeothertypesofsanitarytowels.

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT

Lowenvironmentalimpactforwastepreventionandproduction

Inadditionitspossibleestimatethequantitiesofcottonandwatersavedbythe
reductionofsanitarytowelsproduction.

13.USEFULLINK:
www.labottegadellaluna.it
www.comune.collegno.to.it

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SWOTanalysis
Strength

Weaknesses

sensitivityofpolicymakersforeconomic
contributeinsupportofinitiative;
Costsavingsforwomenwhousethemoon
cup;
Targetedcommunicationandawareness
campaigndedicatedinparticularatwomen;
Involvementandactiveparticipationofkey
actors.

lowspreadingofmooncupinthelarge
scaledistribution;
Womendistrusttowardsusingofnew
products;
womenresistancetowardschangetheir
habitsandstylesofconsumption.

Opportunity
abilitytoreplicatethegoodpracticein
othercontexts;
Possibilitytoeconomizeonwaste
management;
Minimizingtheproductionofmixedwaste
goingtolandfill.

Threat

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FACTSHEET

13. COMMUNITYWASTEDOMESTICCOMPOSTINGofMunicipalityofLaSalle

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:November2006
State of activity (ongoing or finished): Municipality of La Salle, in the context of the project Interreg IIIC
IUWMM INTEGRATED URBAN WASTE MANAGEMENT MODEL in november 2006 has started a pilot
projectforhomecompostingtesting,withtheaimofpromotingtherecoveryofdirectspecialtypeswaste,
aimedatthereductionofwasteproduction.
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:ITALY/VALLEDAOSTA/MUNICIPALITYOF
LASALLEAOSTAPROVINCE
Population:2.074
Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofLaSalle
Contacts:ProjectmanagerDott.ssaDANNAEloisaDonatella,ClerkofMunicipalityofLaSalle

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

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Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

* TheMunicipalityofLaSalleappliesthereductionof10%onmunicipalsolidwastetaxforcitizensthat
correctlyimplementhomecompostingactivity.
SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
TheDirectorsofLaSalle,inthecontextoftheInterregIIIC"IUWMMmanagementModel
IntegratedUrbanWaste",haslaunchedinNovember2006apilotprojecttotestthehome
composting,withtheintenttopromotethedirectrecoveryofparticulartypeswastein
ordertocontaintheproductionofwaste.
TheHomecompostingisausefulsystemofselfdisposalorbetterrecoveryoftheorganic
fractionpresentinhouseholdwaste.
Inviewofthemorphologicalandregulationofthelocalroads(km,height,population2006
anddispersal,ruralmountainpeoplepersquarekilometer)canbeconsidereda
replacementforthecollectionoforganicfractionproducedinthehouseholds.TheHome
compostingatLaSallewantstobecomplementarytocurbsidecollection,wherethe
settlementmodepermitit(thepresenceofgardensandgreenareassufficientlylarge).
TheprojectbeganinNovember2006,withafirstcampaignonhomecompostingandits
use,followedbydeliveryofacomposteronloantoeachfamilyinpossessionofagreen
spacefortheselfdisposal.
Mainstagesandexpectedresults:
Selectionofhouseholdsparticipatinginthetrial
Deliveryonloantoacomposterforfamilyabout400lt;
Launchofthecampaignthroughthreepublicmeetingswithindustryexperts,policy
makersthatareexperimentingthehomecompostingoutoftheValled'Aosta,
representativesoflocalinstitutionsconcernedwithparticipationintheproject
Deliverytothepopulationofaninformationleafletonhomecomposting;
EnvironmentaleducationprojectaddressingtheentirecycleofprimaryschoolinLaSalle,
asafurtheractionfortheeducationandtheawarenessofthepeopletoseparatetheir
waste,themunicipalitystartedonhomecompostingandmoregenerallytoissuesof
conservationland;
Inelementaryschoolclasseswillstarttheactivitycalled"MeandNature",withthe
discoveryoftheelementsofnature,emotions,learningthroughplayandentertainment;
Inthemiddleschoolclasseswillstarttheactivityentitled"alltogether...separately..."
(Recycle:howandwhy),whichprovidesasuccessionofmomentsofreflection,group
activities,tocarryoutrecyclingactivities;
Finalreportoutliningtheinitiative,thedegreeofparticipationandsatisfactionthereof.
Moreover,therearemomentsoftheiniziative'spromotionwheretherearestudents,
educators,andrepresentativesoftheAdministration.
Collectionofdatarelatingtothereductionofundifferentiatedwastedeliveredtothe
separatedcollectioneachmonth,toquantitativelyassesstheimpactofthetrial;
Disseminationofresultsatregionallevel.
Theimprovementandexpansionofthedifferentiatedwaste,boththoseofthecitiesand
thosefromproductionactivitiesandservices,representamajorcommitmentforaproper
wastemanagementinachievingtheoverallobjectivessetbythenewnationallegislation.
Nolessimportantistoachieveminimumtargetsforthereductionofproductionwasteto
bedisposedofinlandfillsthroughthedirectrecoveryofcertainwastefractionsorthrough
themodificationofattitudesonthepartofusersaimedatreducingtheuseofdisposable
materials.
Inthiscontext,theselfcomposting(compostingorhome)inadditiontodirectlyinvolve

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citizensinanimportantprocessofchangeinwastemanagementandcoresponsibility,
relatedtotheeffectsofpropermanagement,allowsaneffectivereductionofthequantity
ofwastetodisposal.
TheHomecompostingisanactivitythatshouldbeconsideredsupplementarytoother
wastemanagementactivities.
Thenationalproductionofcompostdependsonthemanagementproceduresand
techniquesneededtoavoidhygieneproblemshealthresultingfromtheimproper
executionofoperationsintheinitiationandmaintenanceofthebiologicalprocessof
decompositionandtransformationofmaterialsusedincompost.

2.ACTORS
MunicipalityofLaSalle
TheMunicipalityofLaSallehasbeenengagedforyearsinprojectsaimedatdeveloping
sustainablelanduseandpreservationofthetypicallandscapecomponents.Becauseofthe
vastnessofthecountrywithalowpopulationdensity,thepercentageofcollection,active
nowforseveralyears,wasstillbelowthestandardvaluesofEurope.
Inordertoraiseawarenessandencouragerecycling,consequently,promotehome
composting,ourCityCouncilhasintroducedapilotprojecttobeexportedinsimilarrural
realities.
TheoverallobjectiveoftheIUWMMprojectistodevelopamanualofbestpracticeson
whatworksbestforthemanagementofmunicipalsolidwasteinaccordancewithEuropean
legislation.
Theprojectalsoincludestheexchangeofbestpractices,researchonthebeststrategies,
developingcoursesofactionanddisseminationofresults.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Citizensinvolvedinhomecompostingpilotactioncandirectlyusethecompostproducedby
themselves(suchasfertilizerforthegarden)andatthesametimeenjoythetaxreductionof
10% on Solid Waste that the Municipality applies for citizens properly making home
composting.

4.OBJECTIVES

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Reductionofwastetobedisposedofinlandfills;
Reductionofmaterialsnotforreuseandrecycling;
Improveandenhancethecollectionofwaste;
Directinvolvementofcitizensinthechangeinconsumptionpatterns;
DisseminationoftheexperienceofLaSalleintheruralrealities.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Itspossiblecompostingorganickitchenwasteandvegetablegarden.
Wastetocompost:fruitandvegetableremains,remainsoffood,driedflowers,teaand
coffeefilters,eggshellscrushed,remainsofwool,feathers,hair,weeds,grassclippings
(dried),leaves,woodymincedmaterials.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
EmployeesandworkersofMunicipalityofLaSalle.
ForprojectimplementationwasentrustedtotheERICACooperativefromAosta.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Thestaffhasdistributedcompostbinstohouseholdsthathaverequestedit.
Formonitoringactivityofhomecomposting,areinvolvedintheprojectaprivatebody
(ERICACooperativefromAosta)

11.FUNDS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Budget79.000financedbyeuropeanfound(InterregIIIC).

COSTS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

11.RESULTS
Reductionofwastetobedisposedofinlandfills;
Strengtheningofrecycling;
Informationandsensitizationcampaignforcitizens;
Environmentaleducationprojectsforschools;
10%discountonUrbanSolidWastetax,forcitizenswhoproperlymakehomecomposting.

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Thiswayofmanagingbiodegradablewastehasrelevantadvantagesfortheenvironment:
minimizingwastequantityinlandfills;
directuseofcompostproduced;
reducestheuseofchemicalfertilizers;
positiveimpactsinrelationtotransportandwastetreatment.
Moreover,theinvolvementofcitizensinthecollectioncreatesagreaterawarenessabout
wasteproductionandhelpsdevelopagreatersenseofresponsibilityforwaste.

13.USEFULLINK:
www.comune.lasalle.ao.it
www.iuwmm.com

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SWOTanalysis
Strength

Weaknesses

Compostersdistributedtofamiliesfreeof
chargebytheCity;

Thevastnessoftheterritory;

Launchingofinformationcampaigns
throughpublicmeetings;

Lowpopulationdensity;
Lackofinformationandpublicawareness;

Environmentaleducationprojectsin
schoolsandprimaryschools;

Opportunity
Directinvolvementoftheresident
population;

Threat

Reductionofwastetotaketothelandfill;
Reductionof10%taxonmunicipalsolid
waste;

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FACTSHEET

14. WATERINJUGofMunicipalityofReggioEmilia

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle
Dateofstarting:Schoolyear20102011
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Italy/EmiliaRomagnaRegion/Municipalityof
ReggioEmilia(RE)

Population:167.678officialdatayear2009

Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofReggioEmiliaEducationalProject

Contacts:MariaClaudiaCaiti,TizianaMonticellieMariaCristinaQuartaniascuolacongusto@municipio.re.it
05224562660522456258

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

x 1

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

It'sbeingassessedpossibilitytomakeaspecificstudy.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Withthewaterpitcher,thecitycouncilofReggioEmiliahasincluded,inthetenderonthe
schoolmealinprimaryschoolstofulltime,usingwaterfromtheurbanwatersupplyduring
meals,insteadofwaterinplasticbottle.

2.ACTORS
MunicipalityofReggioEmiliaServiceEducationalWorkshop
Headteachersofprimaryschoolsinvolved
Teachersofprimaryschoolsinvolved
incollaborationwithSIANAUSLofReggioEmilia,IRENandCIRfood(Coop.Italiana
Ristorazione)ofReggioEmilia

3.BENEFICIARIES
Thebeneficiariesarethe2,850childrensin14city'selementaryschoolswithschoolcatering
service.

4.OBJECTIVES
Thegoalistoraiseawarenessamongfamiliesonthethemesofenvironmentalsustainability
andinparticulartoenhancethewateroftheaqueductthat,asamplydemonstrated,itis
absolutelycomparabletothatinthebottle.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE

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Intheconductoftheservice,isinvolvedthepersonnelofthecompanywhocarriesonthe
distributionofwaterinthediningroomsofprimaryschoolsinvolved.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Pleasefindenclosedthetenderdocuments(inparticularthesectionthatmentionstheuse
ofwaterfromurbanwatersupply)withwhichtheMunicipalityofReggioEmilialaunched
voluntarilytheservicethatisthesubjectofthisschedule.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Thedecisiontoenterthetapwaterinthediningroomsofprimaryschoolsinvolvedtook
placefollowingthecloseattentionoftheEducationalServiceWorkshoptonational
guidelines(MinistryofHealth)andregionalsonwaterandparticipationintrainingsessions/
informationheldlocallybyIRENandHealthService;inparallel,theServicehasproposedto
theschool'schildrensarangeofactivitiesalreadystartinglastschoolyear,operationallythe
practicestartedwiththisschoolyearandwillcontinuewiththeadoptionofdirectactionfor
familiesincollaborationwiththeinstitutionsmentionedabove.

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

COSTS
Isinprogressamonitoringactivitytodetermine:
Thecostofprovidingpitchers;
Theneedforstafftimetodevelopthecompany'snewservice
Thenumberofplasticbottlesusedlastschoolyear.

11.RESULTS

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Theenvironmentalindicatorthatwillbeusedafteratrialperiodofthenewserviceisrelated
toresourcesavingsduetotheeliminationofplasticwaterbottles,basedonthefollowing
parameters:
a1.5literplasticbottleweighsabout35grams;toworkapoundofPET(30bottles)requires
2kgofoil,17gallonsofwaterandgenerate2.6kgofCO2.(1)
(1)Source:ProvinceofReggioEmiliaDr.AlfredoMigaleThirdconventiononthe
preventionofwastefromthebottom(23November2009)

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
ReductionofenvironmentalimpactinrelationtothereductionofamountofCO 2 emitted
intotheenvironment.

13.USEFULLINK:

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTanalysis
Strength

Weaknesses

Creationofaninformedchoicerelatedto
waterconsumption

Strugglingtoovercometheconvictionsof
somefamiliesonthequalityoftapwater

Raisingawarenessonissuesofsustainable
development

Difficultyinunderstandingtherelationship
betweenthecostoflunch(whichwas
unchanged)beforeandafterthe
introductionofwaterinpitcher

Promotionoftapwater

Opportunity

Threat

Transferabilityoftheproject

goodpracticeswhichcouldfailifnot
supportedbyinformationandeffective
communication

Opportunitiesforexchangesand
discussionswithchildrenandfamilieson
otherissuesofenvironmentalprotection

129
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

15. LIFE07 ENV/GR/000271 HEC PAYT : The development of Pay as You Throw
SystemsinHellas,EstoniaandCyprusofMunicipalityofElefsina

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle
Dateofstarting:05/01/2009
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Greece/Atticaregion/Elefsina

Population:30.000

Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofElefsina
Contacts:grprog@elefsina.gr,grper@elefsina.gr

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

130
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

131
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
HEC PAYT project is a waste management pricing scheme based on the Polluter Pays
Principal. According to this scheme, fees are related to the total generated waste from
households.Thisprovidesanincentivetocitizenstoreducetheirwastebyparticipatingat
thesametimeinrecyclingandcompostingschemes.

2.ACTORS
CitizensoftheprojectspilotareaofthemunicipalityofElefsina.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofElefsinaanditscitizens.

4.OBJECTIVES
CreationofprerequisitesforthedevelopmentandimplementationoftheHECPAYTproject
inGreece,CyprusandEstonia.
ResearchonhowtoovercometheobstaclesregardingthedevelopmentofPAYTschemein
Greece,CyprusandEstonia.
Cooperation between the municipalities and the organizations that are related to the
wastemanagementsector.
Contribution of HEC PAYT project in the EU targets achievement regarding waste
prevention,reuse,recyclingandrecovery.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Shaping citizens behavior in order to participate more in rational ways of waste


management.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Collectionandweightingoftheorganicwasteaswellasofthewastefromthebluebins.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
ThepilotPAYTschemeisavolumebasedscheme,withbagsofspecificvolume(e.g.60ltrs)
andcolourandstampedwithaspecificnumberperhousehold.Thebinsmustbelockedand
everyhouseholderwillhaveakeyforpadlockofthebinallocatedtohim.TheRefuse
CollectionVehiclecrewwillhaveakeyforeverygreenbinandtheywillopticallyexamine
whetheronlyPAYTbagsaredisposedinthebins.Inthecasethatotherbagsaredisposedin
thebinstheywillrecordtheincidentviatheonboardGISGPSsystem.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
5employedsworkingonthemanagementandadministrationoftheproject.
10employedsworkingonthewastecollection.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelsforthewastecollectionvehicle(forbothorganicandrecyclablewaste).

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
ISO9001:2008TUVRheinlandCertGmbH

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Participationinthepilotarea:

5.500citizensfrom1500householdsand69shops

Houseswithlowbuildingconstructionfactor(upto4floors)

133
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Shops,caf,restaurants

Thecitycentreandthearcheologicalarea

Thepilotareaincludes:

99greenbins(organicwaste)

67bluebins(packagingwaste)

17skippers(bulkywaste)

96homecompostingbins

Duringtheinitialphaseoftheprojectimplementationwilltakeplace:

Isolationofthepilotarea

Collection and weighting of both the organic and the recyclable waste generated
fromhouseholds,shopsandrestaurantslocatedinthepilotarea

Analysisofthebiodegradablewastestream

Informationcampaignstargetingpublicregardingrecyclingandotherrationalways
ofwastemanagementintohouseholds.

Duringthesecondphaseoftheprojectimplementationwilltakeplace:

Installationofaweightingsystemonawastecollectionvehicle(May2010),inorder
toweigheachofthebinsseparately.

Purchaseof110.000bagsfrombiodegradablematerial(MatterBibags,EN13432,
52x75cm)

Numberingofbothgreenandbluebinsinthepilotareainordertobecompatible
withtheweightingsystemandtocorrespondeachofthehouseholdstospecificbin.

Disseminationofbagstothehouseholdsinthepilotarea.
Doortodoor information about the project implementation (July 2010) to the
citizensinthepilotarea.

11.FUNDS
Fundedby50%bytheEU.
Totalprojectbudget:1.357.953

12.COSTS

134
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Fundedby50%bytheEU.
Totalprojectbudget:1.357.953
Totalcostforpersonnel:905.300(includesalltheprojectpartners)
Costforpurchaseofthetechnologicalequipment:82.900.
Cost for the purchase of the fuels for the 2 waste collection vehicles (regarding the pilot
area):8.320/year,8.672lt/year.

13.RESULTS
Benefits for the environment: reduction of the waste transferred to landfills as well as
increaseoftherecyclingrate.
Benefits for the community: improvement of the citizens life quality as well as citizens
educationonrationalwastemanagement.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Reductionofthewastetransferredtolandfillsaswellasincreaseoftherecyclingrate.

15.USEFULLINK:
www.payt.gr

135
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Implementation of an innovated waste Nocitizensparticipationintheprogramme.


managementprogrammeinGreece.
Delays regarding the purchase of the
Change of legislation regarding waste neededtechnologicalequipment.
managementcharges.

Reduction of the generated waste and


increaseoftherecyclingrate.
Citizens education on rational ways of
wastemanagement.
Experience that will be useful for the
implementation of such projects in other
municipalitiesinthefuture.
Opportunity

Threat

Exchange of knowledge and experience Nocitizensparticipationintheprogramme.


between Greece and other EU countries
where the PAYT scheme has already Lackofrelatedlegislation.
implemented.

Knowledge and experience acquirement


from PAYT implementation in Greece,
CyprusandEstonia.

136
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

16. RecyclingofpackagingwasteofHellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporation
HE.R.R.Co.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:08/2008
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Greece/SouthAegean/Kea
Population:2.500

Authority/organizationincharge:HellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporationHE.R.R.Co.
Contacts:kea@kea.gr

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

137
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

138
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Recyclingofpackagingwastegeneratedformhouseholds,shopsandrestaurants.Wasteare
collected in blue bins and transferred to a Material Recovery Facility in order to be
separated.

2.ACTORS
CitizensofthemunicipalityofKea.
HE.R.R.Co

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofKeaanditscitizens.

4.OBJECTIVES
MeetthenationalandEUtargetsregardingwastemanagement
Maximizetheamountofthecollectedrecyclablewaste

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

139
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Recyclablewaste:

Paper

cardboard

plastic

glass

metals(FerrousandnonFerrous)

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
TechnologicalEquipment
Wastecollectionvehicle:1
Bluebins:100
MaterialRecoveryFacility(MRF)

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
employedsworkingonthemanagementandadministrationoftheproject.
employedsworkingonthewastecollection:2
driverofthewastecollectionvehicle

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelsforthewastecollectionvehicle(forbothorganicandrecyclablewaste).

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
The municipality personnel is responsible for the waste collection from the blue bins and
theirtransfertotheMRF.

11.FUNDS

140
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ThewastecollectionvehicleandthebluebinsarefundedbytheHE.R.R.Co.
HE.R.R.Co.subsidizedthemunicipalityofThermiby30.300in2009forthetotalamountof
thecollectedrecyclablewaste.
MunicipalityofThermiisresponsibleforthepersonnelsalaries.
Municipalfees

12.COSTS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

13.RESULTS
Naturalresourcesandenergyconservation.
Reductionofthewastethattransferredforlandfilling.
Noexternalfactorshavebeentakenintoaccount.
Nouseofindicators.
Therecyclingprogrammeprovidesnewjobs(about80sincetheprojectsinitiation).
Benefitsforthecommunity:improvementofthecitizenslifequality.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Naturalresourcesandenergyconservation.

15.USEFULLINK:
http://www.kea.gr/index.php?id=101#c939

141
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Citizens participation in the recycling Wastetransfercost


programme.

Opportunity

Threat

Improvement
of
the
project Increaseofthewastemanagementcost.
implementation process in order to include

morewastestrems.

142
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

17. RecycleofelectricalandelectronicequipmentofMunicipalorganizationfor
wastetreatmentRhodes
Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:09/2006
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Greece/SouthAegean/Rhodes
Population:53.401

Authority/organizationincharge:Municipalorganizationforwastetreatment
Contacts:ygeo@dekr.gr

143
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'

144
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies
Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
TheprogrammeisimplementedbythemunicipalityofRhodeswiththecooperationofthe
Organization for the Alternative Management of the Waste of Electrical and Electronic
EquipmentinGreece,namedAppliancesRecyclingS.A.

2.ACTORS
CitizensofthemunicipalityofRhodes.
ThemunicipalityofRhodes
AppliancesRecyclingS.A.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofRhodesanditscitizens.

4.OBJECTIVES

145
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

MeetthenationalandEUtargetsregardingelectricalandelectronicwastemanagement.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Wasteofelectricalandelectronicequipment(WEEE).

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
WEEEcollectionbywastecollectionvehicleandtransferofthemtoAthensintocontainers.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
employedsworkingonthemanagementandadministrationoftheproject.
employedsworkingonthewastecollection.
transfercompanycooperatingwiththemunicipalityofRhodes.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelsforthewastecollectionvehicle.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
ThereexistdifferentbinsforWEEEinthemunicipalityofRhodeslocatednexttothegreen
ones.ThebulkywastecollectionvehiclescollectWEEEeverydayandtransferthemtoplace
nexttothesanitarylandfillbeforetransferringthemtothetreatmentunitinAthens.
WEEEcollectioncanbedonewithbedonedoortodoor.
ThecollectedWEEEareweightedbeforebetransferredtothetreatmentunitinAthens.
AppliancesRecyclingS.A.subsidythemunicipalityofRhodeswith160foreverycollected
toneofWEEE.
From the initiation of the project implementation the municipality of Rhodes has
transferredtotheAppliancesRecyclingS.A.about815tofWEEE,whileonlyin2009240t
(5,9kg/capita)exceedingthenationaltarget(4kg/capita).

146
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

12.COSTS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

13.RESULTS
Theutilizedcollectedrecyclablewastecontributetothenaturalresourcesandenergy
conservationwhilereducingthewastethattransferredforlandfilling.Atthesametime
citizensdonotpayforthetransferofwastetolandfillswhereastheyenjoyabetter
environment.
Benefits for the community: improvement of the citizens life quality as well as citizens
educationonrationalwastemanagement.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Naturalresourcesandenergyconservation.

15.USEFULLINK:
www.electrocycle.gr

147
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Support of WEEE recycling by the Mixedcollectionwiththebulkywaste.


municipalorganizationforwastetreatment.
Lack of incentives for citizens in order to
Subsidization of the municipality by participatemoreintheprogramme.
AppliancesRecyclingS.A.

Opportunity

Threat

Provisionofincentivesfromthesideofthe Possible nonsubsidization by the


stateregardingtheoverseasWEEEtransfer. AppliancesRecyclingS.A.inthefuture.
Inclusion of specific community groups Highcostoftheoverseaswastetransfer.
(e.g.Roma)intheprojectimplementation.

Development of local organization for


WEEErecyclinginRhodes.

148
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

18. RecyclingofpackagingwasteofHellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporation
HE.R.R.Co.
Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:06/2007
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Greece/CentralMacedoniaregion/Thermi

Population:28.000

Authority/organizationincharge:HellenicRecoveryRecyclingCorporationHE.R.R.Co.
Contacts:socrates@anatoliki.gr

149
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'

150
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies
Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
HE.R.R.Coisresponsiblefortheprojectdevelopmentanditsoperationcost(includingthe
operationcostoftheMaterialRecoveryFacility).MunicipalityofThermiisresponsiblefor
the recyclable waste collection (blue bins). The recyclable waste are being separated in:
paper,packages,whitepaper,PET,PE,PVC,PP,PS,andglass.

2.ACTORS
CitizensofthemunicipalityofThermi.

3.BENEFICIARIES
ThemunicipalityofThermianditscitizens.

4.OBJECTIVES

151
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

MeetthenationalandEUtargetsregardingwastemanagement(31/12/2011):

60%utilizationofthetotalamountofpackagingwaste.

55%recyclingwithminimumtargetspermaterial:
o

60%forglass

60%forpaperandcardboard

50%formetals

22,5%forplastics

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Qualitativeanalysisofthecollectedrecyclablewaste.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
TechnologicalEquipment
Wastecollectionvehicle:2
Bluebins:465
MaterialRecoveryFacility(MRF)

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE

152
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

employedsworkingonthemanagementandadministrationoftheproject.
employedsworkingonthewastecollection:7
employdsworkingintheMRF

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Fuelsforthewastecollectionvehicle(forbothorganicandrecyclablewaste).
ElectricityfortheMRFoperation
WaterfortheMRFoperation

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION

Themunicipalitypersonnelisresponsibleforthewastecollectionfromthebluebins
andtheirtransfertotheMRF(5collectionroutesperweek).

Themunicipalitypersonnelisresponsiblefortheoperationofallthesectionsofthe
MRF.

11.FUNDS
ThewastecollectionvehicleandthebluebinsarefundedbytheHE.R.R.Co.
HE.R.R.Co.subsidizedthemunicipalityofThermiby30.300in2009forthetotalamountof
thecollectedrecyclablewaste.
MunicipalityofThermiisresponsibleforthepersonnelsalaries.

12.COSTS
OperationalCost:10.000/yearfor2009

13.RESULTS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Theutilizedcollectedrecyclablewastecontributetothenaturalresourcesandenergy
conservationwhilereducingthewastethattransferredforlandfilling.Atthesametime
citizensdonotpayforthetransferofwastetolandfillswhereastheyenjoyabetter
environment.
Therecyclingprogrammeprovidesnewjobs(about80sincetheprojectsinitiation).
From the beginning of the projects implementation till today municipality of Thermi has
collected5.000tofrecyclablewastewhileithasutilize3.500tofthem.
MunicipalityofThermihavenotpaidgatefeesfortherecyclablewastethatdidhavenot
beentransferredforlandfilling.
Benefits for the community: improvement of the citizens life quality as well as citizens
educationonrationalwastemanagement.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
The utilized collected recyclable waste contribute to the natural resources and energy
conservation (49.000 treed have not been cut for paper needs) while reducing the waste
thattransferredforlandfilling.

15.USEFULLINK:
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

154
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength
Natural resources
conservation.

Weaknesses
and

energy No participation of shops, restaurants in


theprogramme.

Subsidization of the municipality by Residues after the waste treatment in the


HE.R.R.Co based on the total amount of MRF
collectedrecyclablewaste.
Lack of knowledge concerning recycling
Reduction of the generated waste and fromthesideofcitizens.
increaseoftherecyclingrate.

Citizens education on rational ways of


wastemanagement.
Opportunity

Threat

Achievement of the EU targets regarding Need for consecutive subsidization by


rationalwastetreatment.
HE.R.R.Co.
Protectionoftheenvironmentand

Need for continuous


campaignstargetingcitizens.

information

Sanitarylandfilllifespanprolongment.
Reduction of the fees paid to the
municipalitybycitizens.

155
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

19. SelectiveCollectionDoortoDoorinCervera(laSegarra).RecollidaPortaa
PortadelsresidusurbansdeCervera(LaSegarra)ofConsellComarcaldeLa
Segarra.
Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Date of starting: 2002 in La Segarra, towns bigger than 800 inh. (Cervera, Guisona, Tor I Sant Guim de
Freixenet)
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing
Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Catalonia/Spain,LaSegarra,Cervera
Population:9.328hab(2009,IDESCAT)
Authority/organizationincharge:ConsellComarcaldeLaSegarra.
Contacts:
ConsellerdelreadeGestideResidusdelConsellComarcaldeLaSegarra,Sr.JosepMariaCaldero.

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

156
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

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Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
LaSegarramakesselectivecollectiondoortodoorintownsofmorethan800inhabitants
(Cervera,Guissona,ToriSantGuimdeFreixenet).
Fractionscollectedare:

Organicmatter

Lightpackaging

PaperandCardboard

Domesticandcommercialwaste(nonrecyclingwaste)

Diapers

Thecollectionofglassisthroughcontainersiglootypelocatedinthestreet.
Thecollectionofbulkywasteorotherwasteisfreebythegreenpoint.
Alsoitmakesthecollectionofnonrecyclingwastefromindustriesthroughcontainers.
Theremainingwaste,e.g.,rubble,citizensareresponsiblefortakingthemtolandfillin
Cervera.

2.ACTORS
ConsellComarcaldeLaSegarra:ConsellerdelreadeGestideResidus,Sr.JosepMaria
Caldero;TcniquesdeMediAmbient,Sra.NriaBalcellsi
Sra.JordinaFontanet.
AjuntamentdeCervera:Mayor,Sr.JoanValldauraiPujol;AdministrativadeMedi
Ambient,Sr.MDolorsEspinet.
Cerveracitizens.

3.BENEFICIARIES

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CitizensofCervera.

4.OBJECTIVES
Themainobjectivesare:regulatetheselectivecollectionofmunicipalwastefromdomestic
origin,Commercialwastemanagement,andthegreenpoint,inordertopreventandreduce
theirimpactsontheenvironmentduetoimproperwastemanagement,accordingtothe
followingprinciples:
Contributetosustainabledevelopmentandintegratedmanagementofwaste
Promotetheselectivecollectionofallmunicipalwastefractionsthatmakeup
Promotetherecoveryandreuseofrecoverablematerials.
Establishtheresponsibilityoftheproducer,whichmeansthatthewasteproducerand/or
holdermustbearthecostsofitsmanagement
Establishsharedresponsibility,whereallagentshavetotakeintoaccountandattributed
thespecificpartofresponsibilityinwhatconcernstheminimization,recoveryanddisposal
Promotetransparencyininformation,becausetheimprovementinqualityoflifeand
attainmentofahighlevelofenvironmentalprotectionrequiresaprofoundsocial
awareness,andparticipationandactivecollaborationofcitizensandstakeholders.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
WastegenerationonCervera.Selectivecollection:(year2009)

Refuse(nonrecyclingwaste):1.924,25Tn

Organicmatter:793,27Tn

Glass:211,47Tn

PaperandCardboard:332,56Tn

Lightpackaging:249,73Tn

Bulkywaste:176,21Tn

Pruningandgardening:8,33Tn

Battery:0,67Tn

Drugs:1,13Tn

Other:155,98Tn(which98,09comefromconstructionanddemolitiondirectly

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generatedbycitizens)
TOTAL=3.863,60Tn

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Garbagecollection:CompanyGBIServeisS.A.U:
AreaD2D:twoteams:onedriverandtwoworkers.Lorry:5m3
Recyclingareas:Onedriverandoneworker.Onegrappletruckandonerearloader
truck. The garbagetruckhastwoliftingoneforthe refuseandthesecondonefor
theorganicmatter.
TransferoforganicmattertothecompostingplantTrrega(Lleida).

Thegreenwasteiscollectedinthegreenpoint,andtreatedattheCompostPlantTrrega
(Lleida).

Paperandcardboardistreatedinthesortingplant,managedbytheRegionalConuncil.

LightpackagingSortingPlantareallocatedinMotnuliu(Lleida),companyassignedto
ECOEMBESandmanagedbyCompanySANEA.

RegardingtheglassistransferredtotheMontblancplant.

Refuseanddiapersaredisposedinthelandfill(Cervera),managedbytheRegionalCouncil

CollectionandmanagementoftextilewasteisdonedirectlybyCaritas.Thus,thereareno
containersforthiswasteinthestreet.
DrugsarecollectedinpharmaciesandtreatedthroughSIGRE.
BatteriesarehandledthroughPILAGESTandOFIRAEE
Bulkywaste:citizenscancall,89902077088,itsafreeservice.Thisbulkywasteisdestined
forthefoundationxavierPaules(Caritas).

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED

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Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Agenda21(LaSegarra).
ISO14001
Preparationofinformativebrochuresin6languages.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
TheCountyCouncilofLaSegarraisresponsibleforthemanagementofwastethroughthe
companyGBIServicesSAUofallwasteaswellas:

Thetransportoforganicmaterialandpackagingtotreatmentplants.

Preparingandclearingareasofrecycling.

Eliminationofwasteandlandfillmanagement

Managementofplantselectionandpackagingofpaperandcardboard

Stainsinspectionandmonitoringofwastedeposited

Awarenesscampaigns,homevisitsorbusiness,customerserviceandadvice,etc.

Replacementofmaterialsnecessaryforcollection.

Thewastemustberemovedinthestreetbetween20:00and22:00hoursanda
specificform.(ExplanationAnnex).
Paperandcardboardfrombusinessesandeconomicactivitiesiscollectedbythe
FoundationXavierPaulo(Caritas).(SeeAppendixcalendar)
Nobulkycollectionday.Youmustpurchasetheservicebycalling902077088butisfree.
Thediaperscanbeputonthestreeteverydayinaseparatebagwiththestickerprovided.
ThedebrismustbebroughttothelandfillCervera,whileotherwastemustbedeliveredto
thetip(mobile/fixed).
FromtheDepartmentofWasteManagementwillmakehomevisitstoresidentswhodonot
makeacorrectseparationofwasteinordertofacilitatethenecessaryinformationsothey
canrecycleandproperlyresolvethedoubtsthatarise.SincethebeginningoftheD2Dhas
beenmademanyvisitstherehavebeenseveralnighttimeinspectionstodetectallthose
neighborswhodonotmakeacorrectseparationofwaste.
Onceyou'vemadevisits,inspectionsandsurveillancenightandhasshownthatusersdonot
evenmakeaproperseparation,initiateddisciplinaryproceedingsagainstthem.(SeeAnnex).
Citizensarepayingawastetaxwhichconsistsoftwocomponents:theservicecostsof

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collectionandtreatmentcosts(representingtheamountoflandfillwasteisnotrecycled).
Tosetratesasfairaspossible,adjusttherateofwastegenerationtowastefollowingthe
principleof"polluterpays".(SeeratesintheAnnex)
Additionallytherateofwasteissetpublicpricesthatcorrespondtooptionalservicesthat
peoplecancontractincaseofspecificneeds.(SeepublicpricesintheAnnex).

11.FUNDS
Basicallyfromthetrashfee(wastetax)paidbycitizensofCervera,whois84/year.
Theyalsoreceivesomesubsidies.

12.COSTS
Year2009.
Mainexpenses:
Wastecollection+landfillmanagement+cartonplant:565.000
Managementtip:65,000
Treatment:(rganicmatter)35,000
CanonWaste:30,000
Communicationcampaigns:20,000
Materialsforcollection:10,000

Mainincome:

Fees:500,000
Publicprices:80,000
Returnrate:50,000
IntegratedManagementSystems(Ecoembes,andEcovidrioOfiraee):90,000
Grants:20,000

13.RESULTS
Theintroductionofselectivewastecollectiondoortodoorin2002,allowedtomultiplyby
sixindicesofrecycling(tosaythatcoincidedwiththeintroductionofseparatecollectionof
organicfraction).Theincreasewasmoresubstantialpackaging,whichismultipliedby12.
Improperdataabovedonothave,becausethenitdidnotcharacterizations

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14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

15.USEFULLINK:
1)CerveraispartoftheCountyofLaSegarra.
2)Conseller delreade Gestide ResidusdelConsellComarcal(County) de LaSegarra,Sr.Josep
MariaCaldero.
Contacte:Email:jcaldero@ccsegarra.cat
3)CityCouncilofCervera,TcniquesdeMediAmbient

NriaBalcellsTlf.973531300Email:gestioresidus@ccsegarra.cat

JordinaFontanet.Tlf.973531300Email:jfontanet@ccsegarra.cat

Horari:DillunsDivendresde8:00a15:00h

Nria,ams,Dimartsde16:00a18:30h.

Jordina,ams,Dimecresde16:00a18:30h.

4)AjuntamentdeCervera,administrativadeMediAmbient,Sr.MDolorsEspinet
Contacte:Tlf.973530025Email:mediambient@cerverapaeria.cat
Horari:10:00a14:00h

16.ANNEX
16.1NORMESESPECFIQUESDEPRESTACIDELSERVEIPERAAQUELLSMUNICIPISAMBRECOLLIDAPAP:
a) El Consell Comarcal entrega a cada habitatge un cubell de 10 litres per dipositarhi les deixalles
orgniques.Aquestcubellhaderomandresempredinsdecasa.

b)ElConsellComarcaltambentregaacadahabitatgeuncubellde25litres.Dinsdaquestcubellshi
han de dipositar les bosses amb la matria orgnica i treure al portal dels edificis els dies i hores
indicats per a la seva recollida. Una vegada buidat cal entrarlo en espai propi de lhabitatge. El
mateix cubell tamb sha dutilitzar per treure el rebuig, sens perjudici que es pugui utilitzar per
dipositarhialtresfraccionsdelesdeixalles.Lareposicidaquestscubellsencasnecessarilefectua
el Consell Comarcal. La conservaci i neteja dels cubells va a crrec dels ciutadans als quals shan
ceditens.

c)Elsedificisdemsdesishabitatgespodenteniruncontenidorde120ode240litresperadipositarhi
les bosses de les diferents fraccions i treureles al carrer. Daquesta manera no cal que cada
habitatgetreguielseucubellde25litres,sinqueambunsolrecipientestreuenlesdeixallesde

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tots els vens. Si shan de reposar ho far el Consell Comarcal. Una vegada buidat cal entrarlo en
espaipropideledifici.LaconservaciinetejadelscontenidorsceditsenspelConsellComarcalde
laSegarraseracrrecdelacomunitatdevens.

d)Elsenvasosshandetreureambbossaenelsdiesihoresindicats.Elsenvasosquenocpiguenales
bossespodrananarlligatsalesmateixesenlliurarsealserveiderecollida.Tambespodenlliurar
dinsdelcubellde25litresoenelcontenidorcomunitari,encasdedisposarne.
e)Elcartrshadeplegarifernefarcellslligats.Elpapershadelliurardinsdecapsesdecartroen
bosses.

f)Elvidreesdipositardinsdelscontenidorssituatsenlaviapblica.

g) Per casos demergncia es disposa drees de reciclatge, espais on hi ha ubicats contenidors per a
cadascunadelesdiferentsfraccions:matriaorgnica,envasos,papericartr,vidre,rebuig,sense
perjudici que hi puguin haver recipients i contenidors per altres fraccions. Els residus shan de
dipositardinsdelscontenidors.

h)Recollidadebolquers.Siesvolentreureelsbolquerscadadiaquehiharecollidashandeposaren
unabossaapartambunadhesiuverd,enllocvisible,quefacilitaelConsellComarcal.

i)Recollidadevoluminosos.Espodenportaraladeixalleriao,siestrucaalConsellComarcal,esrecullen
a domicili. Cal deixarlos a la planta baixa o al portal de lhabitatge els dies i hores prviament
indicats pel servei. Per quantitats considerables de voluminosos shaur dabonar el preu pblic
corresponentestablertenlordenanavigent.

j)Deformasubstitutivaalprocedimentesmentatperalarecollidadelafracciorgnicaiapeticidels
vens interessats, la matria orgnica es podr reciclar mitjanant autocompostatge, en la forma i
condicionsqueesdeterminin.

k)Altresfraccions:Larestaderesidusserangestionatsatravsdelserveidedeixalleria.

16.2CALENDARIRECOLLIDADELPAPERICARTRDELAFUNDACIXAVIERPAULES(CRITES):
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

Cerveracentre:Dilluns,Dimecres,DivendresMIGDIA
Cervera:Dilluns,Dimecres,DivendresMAT
Guissonacentre:Dimarts,DijousMIGDIA
Guissona:Dimarts,DijousMAT
Tor:DimartsMATDivendresMIGDIA
SantGuimdeFreixenet:DijousMAT
Sanaja:DimartsMATSantRamon:DijousMAT

16.3TAXESIPREUSPBLICS
TAXAD'ESCOMBRARIES
01
02
03
08
10
11
12

Habitatgeparticular
Habitatgedejubilatqueviusol
Habitatgedisseminat
Oficines
Establimentcomercialnoalimentaripetit
Establimentcomercialnoalimentarimitj
Establimentcomercialnoalimentarigran

Taxes2008
EUR/rebut
78,66
66,85
62,81
104,77
115,25
174,7
302

Taxes2009
EUR/rebut
82,44
70,06
53,59
109,80
120,78
183,09
316,50

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46
47
48
04
05
06
07
16
17

Perruqueria
Centred'esttica
Perruqueriaiesttica
Serveispblicsrurals
Serveispblicsurbans
Serveissanitarisrurals
Serveissanitarisurbans
Centresescolarsrurals
Centresescolarsurbansfinsa100alumnes

18 Centresescolarsurbansdemsde100alumnes

168,15
168,15
174,7
124,29
255,06
122,1
376,18
135,21
355,39

536,97

19 Llarsd'infants,guarderies.Finsa50alumnes
299,32
20 Llarsd'infants,guarderies.Msde50alumnes
408,99
21 Centrescomercialsambrestauraci
1.156,25
49 Taller(finsa3treballadors)
218,37
22 Taller(de4a6treballadors)
228,30
23 Taller(de7amstreballadors)
380,15
50 Tallerd'automoci(finsa3treballadors)
242,65
24 Tallerd'automoci(de4a6treballadors)
242,65
25 Tallerd'automoci(de7omstreballadors)
520,95
13 Establimentcomercialalimentaripetit
226,18
14 Establimentcomercialalimentarimitj
281,03
15 Establimentcomercialalimentarigran
421,19
09 Entitatbancria
474,36
26 Petitaindstria(finsa25treballadors)
591,80
27 Mitjanaindstria(de26a100treballadors)
772,29
28 Granindstria(msde100treballadors)
947,67
29 Supermercatsisimilars(msde400m2)
884,26
34 Barcafeteria
317,59
35 Establimentsd'ocigrans
427,28
30 Casesdemenjars.Menysde20places
427,27
31 Casesdemenjars.De20a50places
564,37
32 Casesdemenjars.De51a100places
701,48
33 Casesdemenjars.Msde100places
884,30
36 Hostaleria
470,69
37 Hotelclubnocturn
1.048,81
38 Casesdecolnies
335,86
43 Residncies3aedat(menysde50residents)
482,10
44 Residncies3aedat(de50a100residents)
756,33
45 Residncies3aedat(msde100residents)
1.341,34
40 Allotjamentruralindependent
131,90
42 Apartamentturstic
150,85
41 Residnciacasadepags
131,90
39 Restaurantdecapdesetmana
290,55

IPCinteranualaCatalunyaelmesd'agostde2008:4,8%

Elsestablimentsqueacreditinquedisposend'ungestorautoritzatpertoteslesfraccionsdelsseusresidushauran
desatisferel5%del'importestipulatenlasevacategoria,comaconcepted'inspecciicontrol.
(ex.Tallerd'automoci(finsa3treballadors)quehagicontractatelserveidegestiintegraldelsseusresidusa
ungestorautoritzat:0.05*242,65=12,13)

S'entncomaurblespoblacionsdemsde500habitants

512,38
285,61
390,26
1103,29
208,37
217,84
362,74
231,54
231,54
497,09
215,82
268,16
401,9
452,63
564,69
736,92
904,27
843,76
303,04
407,71
407,7
538,52
669,35
843,8
449,13
1000,77
320,48
460,02
721,69
1279,9
125,86
143,94
125,86
277,24

176,22
176,22
183,09
130,26
267,30
127,96
394,24
141,70
372,45

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Elsestablimentsqueacreditinquedisposend'ungestorautoritzatperalgunafracciconcretadelsseusresidus
podransollicitarlabonificacidelapartcorresponentdelserveiderecollidasegonsl'estudidecostosrealitzat.

Pressupost2008
/utfsica2008
526,12

Pressupost2009
/utfsica2009
551,37
Contenidorsd'sexclusiu(buidatgeunavegadapersetmana)
Buidatgesetmanaladdicionald'uncontenidord'sexclusiu*
300,60
327,65
455,32
477,18
Altaserveidecontenidorsd'sexclusiu
49,96
52,36
Recollidavoluminososserveicomplementari
51,45
53,92
Recollidadegespa
20,00
20,00
Compostadordomstic
44,86
47,01
Eliminacidirectaderesidusal'abocador
10,00
10,00
Eliminacidirectaderesidusal'abocador.Cnon
30,91
32,39
Eliminacidirectaderesidusdenetejaviria
113,32
118,76
Recollidaselectivad'envasos:transportitriatge
135,82
142,34
Caixesfinsa5m3
253,54
265,71
Caixesfinsa10m3
507,05
531,39
Caixesfinsa20m3
814,92
854,04
Caixesfinsa30m3
0,00
0,00
Residuscrnics
74,91
78,51
Habitatgeparticular
63,67
66,72
Habitatgedejubilatqueviusol
118,37
124,06
Serveipblicrural

319,87
Casesdecolnies

Perdensitatsinferiorsa500kg/m3espotfacturarpervolum(percaixa)

*Nomspossiblesollicitaraquestserveiencasqueunaempresadisposide8contenidorsd'sexclusiuoms.
Preuspblicsderecollida,tractamentieliminaci

16.4CALENDARIDELARECOLLIDADELSRESIDUS
CALENDARIDERECOLLIDADOMICILIRIA
Dilluns

Envasoslleugers

Dimarts

FracciResta

Dimecres

MatriaOrgnica

Dijous

Envasoslleugers,PaperiCartr

Divendres

MatriaOrgnica

Dissabte

Nohihaservei

Diumenge

MatriaOrgnica

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16.5INFRACCIONSISANCIONS
Lessancionsaimposarsnlessegents:multesi/osuspensitemporaldelactivitat.
LesinfraccionsesclassifiquenenMOLTGREUS,GREUSiLLEUS:

LLEUS (120) = Dipositar els residus en el contenidor equivocat; deixar els residus al voltant dels
contenidorssicabendintredaquest;norespectarelsdiesihorarisderecollidadecadafracci;no
lligarlesbosses;noseleccionaradequadamentlesdeixalles;abandonarelsresidusvoluminososala
viapblica,etc.

GREUS (360) = Obstrucci de lactivitat de control o inspectora de ladministraci; abandonar


qualsevol tipus de residus en les vies pbliques; reincidncia en infraccions lleus; fer un mal s o
causardesperfectesenlutilitatgedelarecollida,etc.

MOLTGREUS(1.080)=Insults,amenaces,agressionsalpersonaldelserveicomarcaldegestide
residus; reincidncia en infraccions greus; causar desperfectes als bns que integren el servei
comarcaldegestideresidus,etc.

Ams,tambescontemplenelssegentsdanysiperjudicis:
Quanlacomissidinfraccionssancionablesoconductesillcitescomportindanysiperjudicisalsbnsde
dominipblicquesiguindetitularitatdelConsellComarcaloafectinalaviapblica,esrequerirlinfractor
perqudeformaimmediatarestaurielmediambient,reculli,tractiidipositielsresidusenllocadientirepari
eldanyoperjudicicausatalseucrrec.
Silinfractorhaestatrequeritarestaurarelmediambientiarecolliritractarodipositarenelllocadientels
residus abandonats o incorrectament dipositats i incompleix aquesta obligaci, se nordenar lexecuci
subsidiria.
Enelssupsitsdescritsenelsapartatsanteriors,elConsellComarcaldurdoficilestasquesderestauraci
del medi, la recollida, tractament, dipsit, la reparaci o la substituci dels elements que hagin resultat
afectats,persimateixomitjanantpersonaquedetermini,acostadelinfractor.
Limport de les despeses, danys i perjudicis sexigir a linfractor seguint el procediment previst en les
normesreguladoresdelprocedimentrecaptadorenviaexecutiva.
Sestableixalsefectesquedelquedisposaelprimerpuntesfixenelssegentsimports:

Netejadelaviapblica=120

Neteja de tot tipus de bns relacionats amb la gesti comarcal dels residus (desenganxar cartells,
eliminarpintures...)=200

Reposicidelementsmobles:importequivalentalpreudecompraincrementatenun20%.

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FACTSHEET

20. TaxaJusta(Thefairtax)aArgentona.PayasYouThrowSystemsinArgentona
(Catalunya)ofMunicipalityofArgentona

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:01/02/2010
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):Ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Catalunya,Maresme,Argentona
Population:11.633hab(2009,IDESCAT)
Authority/organizationincharge:MunicipalityofArgentona
Contacts:AjuntamentdArgentona,RegidoradeSostenibilitat,Sra.AssumptaBoba.

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

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Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

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Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Argentona applies a waste management pricing scheme based on the Polluter Pays
Principal.
In Argentona carried out a model of door to door selective collection of the following
fractions:
Organicfraction
Paperandcardboard
Packaging
Nonrecyclablewaste(Nonrecyclablewaste(refuse))

SanitaryDiapersornappies
ThecolloquiallycalledTheFairTaxisapaymentsystemforwastegenerationrateinthe
trash. Promotes the reduction in waste generation and increasing recycling. It is a
commitment to the prevention and recycling as much as the citizens that generates less
wasteandrecyclemoreseenasreducingtherateyoupayannually.Thiswillrewardgood
practicewithregardtowaste:recyclemoreandgenerateless.
Regardingtheprevioussystem,thistaxbenefitswhoselectthebestwasteandwho
generatesless,atthesametimeservestoencouragethecollectionandreducelevelsof
wastefractionthatcurrentlyexist.Itletstreateachcitizenaccordingtoitsactual
generationofwaste,applyingtheprincipleof"polluterpays".
Itconsistsofafixedpart(95)andavariablepart(forNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)bags
andpackaging).Thecollectionofdomesticorganic,glass,paper&cardboardandnappies
arefree.Alsoitsfreethecollectionofcommercialglassandpaper&cardboard.

2.ACTORS

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ArgentonaCity:Mayor,Mr.JoeMaso;SustainabilityCouncillor,Mrs.Assumpta
Boba;TechnicalEnvironment,Mr.JoanPujolInspector
OfficeofEnvironmentalInformation,Environmental
informants;
techniquesforCitizenParticipationandInstitutional
Communication
CityCouncil.
ENTCompanyEnvironment&Management(draftedpreliminarytechnicalstudy).
CooperativeETCS(boostedparticipationprocess).
WasteAgencyofCatalonia:AgencyDirector,Ms.GenovevaCatalan;Director
theareaofPreventionandRecyclingPromotionAgency
WasteMrs.PilarChiva.
BarcelonaProvincialCouncil.
CitizensArgentona.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Citizens,bothArgentonaastheotherregions,sincethewasteisaproblemcommontoall
citizens.
Notethatthepensioners,unemployedpeopleforcedtoprovelimitedfinancialcapacityand
low parent families with underage people, enjoy discounts in paying the fixed rate of
garbage.
ThosecitizenswhoparticipateinHomeCompostingProgramwillreceivea15%discounton
thefixedrate.

4.OBJECTIVES
TheFairRatemainobjectivesare:

Skipthecurrent63%to76%recycling.

Reducethegenerationofhouseholdwaste.

Promote the proper separation of different fractions to reduce the percentage of these
improperandtofacilitaterecycling.
Makemoreequitablepaythegarbagefee.Withthepreviousmodel,allthehomesinthe
D2Darea,paidthesame,recycledornot.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ReducecostsofNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)wastetreatment.TheNonrecyclablewaste
(refuse)fractionofwasteistreatedbyincineration.Asbetterwasteselection,aslesswaste
mustbeincinerated,andthereforeitmustspendlessmoneyandmoreinreturn(fromthe
Catalantaxappliedtolandfillandincinerators).
Raiseawarenessofalltheproblemssurroundingthewaste

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Argentonawaste.Selectivecollection:(2009)
Nonrecyclablewaste(Refuse)(Others):2517.94tons
OrganicMatter:1478.68tons
Glass:362.73tons
Paperandcardboard:494.71tons
Lightpackaging:326.65tons
BulkyWaste:457.33tons
PruningandGardening:349.22tons
Batteries:1.22tons
Medications:1.05tons
Textile:36.36tons
Other:936.56tons
TOTAL=6962.45tons

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
GarbageCollection:CompanyFCCSA.
TheorganicmatterthroughFCCSA,downloadsinEcoparc2(MontcadaiReixac)where
throughtheConsortiumonUrbanWasteTreatmentthemajorty(70Tn/dia)takestheplant
CompostingBotarell(BaixCamp.)Therestiscarriedtotreatprivatecompostingplant
Alguaire(Lleida):AGROSCASegriandcompost.(*ExplanationAnnex)
AsforpaperandcardboardexistsanagreementwiththeARCanditisthroughthecompany
Saica(sustainablesolutionsforpackagingpaperandcorrugatedcardboard.InZaragozaand
BurgosdeEbro).
GlasscompanytakeschargeJorgeSantos.
ConcerningLightpackagingtheFCCSAcompanytransferstoitsplantinSantaMaria
Palautordera(VallsOriental).
SanitaryDiapersandNonrecyclablewaste(Refuse)fractionarealsocollectedbyFCCSA

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

companyandcarriedtotheincinerationplantinMatar.
FromthecollectionofbulkywasteandjunktakeschargeARCMaresme.Butpeoplewholive
inArgentonamustcontactwiththemtocarrytheservice,whichisfreeandalwayscarried
outonMondays.
DebrisandotherwastesarethosecitizensArgentonaresponsibleforthemandcarrytothe
greenpoint(deixalleria)inArgentona.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
During the making of this new payment model for generation, various sessions were
convened to form a specific working group, open to anyone who wanted to participate.
Theyworkedinsmallgroupswhereeveryonecouldexpresstheirviewsonhowthatcould
beconsideredtoimprovewastemanagement.Itaddressedvariousaspectssuchasgarbage
bagsused,thetimetableandscheduleofcollection,thelocationoftheemergency,etc..

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
It'sadoortodoormodelofthefollowingfractions:
OrganicMatter
PaperandCardboard
Lightpackaging
Nonrecyclablewaste(Refuse)

Diapers
Theglassiscollectedincontainersplacedselectivelyinthestreet.

ArgentonacitizensseparatethedifferentfractionsandtheFCCSAcompanyresponsible
forcollectingthewasteandcleaningofpublicroads.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Citizenspaythetaxofgarbage.Thefixedpart(95peryear)isstandingontwooccasions.
Thevariablepartispaidthroughthepurchaseofspecialbagsforwasteandpackaging:
Bag17LforNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)andredcolour=0.65/UNIT
BagforrNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)withothersizes=0.039/L
BagforPackagingof35Landyellowcolour=0.35/UNIT
BagforPackagingwithothersizes=0.01/L
Thesebagscanbepurchasedatthemunicipalgreenpointaswellasrubbishoutletsas
the Agricultural Argentona, Regal Bazaar, SUMA supermarket, Hardware Team Cal
FrozenFred,amongothers.
Since the Council is carrying out various asks of inspection and control of waste
deposited and, if appropriate, applies sanctions as laid out by the Fiscal No 11.
(Minimum750,maximum3,000)

11.FUNDS
The Waste Agency of Catalonia has supported to the Argentona City Council by its order
grant
designed
to
perform
in
local
waste
prevention
projects.
On Thursday 3 June the Government of Catalonia awarded the Environment Award 2010,
whichconsistedofadiplomaandacheckfortheamountof10,000Citywillreinvestinthe
disseminationandimplementationoftheFairTax.

12.COSTS
REVENUE(2008)
SellPaper57000
Saleofglass16000
RevenuefromtheARCfortheOrganicMaterquality78000

Ecoembespaymentofqualitypackaging62,000

Ecoembespayementduetoenergyrecovery7000

Greenpointdeixalleria(+taxreturn+grantandcontributionfromrriusDosrius)193000

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SellingrightstoNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)incinerationtoAlella49,000

Other5000

ARCGrantsforcampaigns33,000

Ratechargedforhomes600,000

Feechargedtoretailers85,000

Receiptsincollectionmanagementand/orunpaid32,000

TOTALREVENUE1,217,000

EXPENDITURE(2008)
GarbageCollection(FCCSA)568000
Collectionofbulky7000
CollectionofpruninginMada(especiallycontainer)11000
CollectionofpruningCanRaimi(cont.esp)11000
Greenpoint(constructionandmanagementcosts)264000
Incinerator(wastedisposal)248000
DistrictCouncil(transferOrganicMatertoMontcada)76000
Buycontainersandbuckets5000
Campaign2008(greenpoint,extensionDtoD)35000
Other2000
TOTALCOSTS1,227,000
INCOMEEXPENSES:10,000

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Income

tax

for

business

and

home

cover

58.4%

of

overall

spending.

Figuresareroundedinthousandsof.
Thedeficithasincreasedoverthepreviousyearduetotheopeningofthenewgreenpoint,
whichhasdoubledthecost.

13.RESULTS
In 2004 the implanted Door to Door fractions of Organic Waste. In four years, going from
15%to52%selectivecollection.

In late 2009 he joined the D2D fractions of packaging, paper and cardboard. In two years
(2008to2010)passed52%to67%separatecollection.Rememberthat the averageround
CatalanandSpanish35%15%,respectively.
WiththedefinitiveestablishmentoftheFairTaxalongwiththeD2Dareobtained:
Theimproperoforganicstabilizedbelow5%.
Theimproperpackagingoccurin35%to14%.
Reductionof28%ofNonrecyclablewaste(refuse).
DuringtestingoftheFairTax(3monthsbeginning22October2009)thetotalgeneration
decreasedby7%.
AftertheintroductionofthetaxrateFair(FebruaryApril2010)thetotalgenerationwas
reducedby6%overthetrialperiod.
TheD2Darea,sincetheintroductionofthetaxratecomparedwiththeFairtrial,theNon
recyclable waste (refuse) fraction has been reduced by 18.7% and 23.6% packaging.
Itcanbeconcludedthatthedifferentobjectiveshavebeenachieved.
Butwemustalsoanalyzewherethishasgonetowaste:
ReductionAE
Tourismgarbage(Argentonacitizensinordertoreducetheamountinthevariablerateand
therefore pay less, lay waste containers in neighboring villages, where they dont do the
doortodoor.So,donothavetobuybagsandcontainersforNonrecyclablewaste(refuse)
andpackaging,andthereforesaveabout3070/year)
Reductioninthegeneration(changeconsumptionhabits...)
Crisis
Betterseparationatsourceandproperreferralofrecyclablewastethatpreviouslywentto

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

waste.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Reductionofthewastetransferredtolandfillsaswellasincreaseoftherecyclingrate.

15.USEFULLINK:
1)ArgentonapertanyalMaresme.

2)OficinaMunicipaldInformaciAmbiental.
Contacte:Telf937974378Email:infoambientals@argentona.cat
Horaris:DillunsDivendres=9:0013:00h

Dimecres=Tambde17:0019:30h

3)AjuntamentdeCervera,RegidoradeSostenibilitat,Sra.AssumptaBoba.

Contacte:Telf.937974900

4)AjuntamentdeCervera,TcnicdeMediAmbient,Sr.JoanPujol

Contacte:Email:pujolcj@argentona.cat

16.ANNEX

16.2CALENDARIDELARECOLLIDADELSRESIDUS
CALENDARIDERECOLLIDADOMICILIRIA
Dilluns

MatriaOrgnica(estiu)Envasoslleugers

Dimarts

PaperiCart

Dimecres

MatriaOrgnica

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Dijous

Envasoslleugers

Divendres

MatriaOrgnica

Dissabte
Diumenge

FracciResta
MatriaOrgnica

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
PLEASEFULLFILLTHEFOLLOWINGSCHEME:
Strength

Weaknesses

Implementation of an innovated waste Tourism garbage (Argentona citizens in


order to reduce the amount in the variable
managementprogramme.
rate and therefore pay less, lay waste
Reduction of the generated waste and containers in neighboring villages, where
increaseoftherecyclingrate.
they dont do the door to door. So, do not
Citizens education on rational ways of have to buy bags and containers for Non
recyclablewaste(refuse)andpackaging,and
wastemanagement.
thereforesaveabout3070/year)
Experience that will be useful for the
implementation of such projects in other Delays regarding the composting plant in
Granollers.
municipalitiesinthefuture.
Better separation at source and proper
referral of recyclable waste that previously
wenttowaste.

Opportunity

Threat

Lackofrelatedlegislation.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

21. BiobagofpelaLampe

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2009

Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenia

Population:/

Authority/organizationincharge:pelaLampe

Contacts:Abramova12
Ljubljana
1000
Slovenija

tel012442200

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

181
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmakingprocesses
Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

182
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationofwater,
soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

183
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
BiodegradablebagsBiobagaremadefrombiodegradablepolymers,starchesand
complementaryingredientsforcompletelyearthfriendlysolutions.BioBagbagsaresuitable
fordifferentneedsfromhouseholds(Biobagwaste,composting)toretail(shoppingbags),
agriculture(film)andproduction.

2.ACTORS
Traders

3.BENEFICIARIES
Residents

4.OBJECTIVES
Reductionofuseofnonbiodegradableplasticbags

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
BioBagbagsaremadefromMaterBifilm,whichcontainscornstarch,biodegradablepolyester
andothernaturalsofteners.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
BioBagbagsarecompletelybiodegradableandcanbecomposted.
BioBagbagsarefullycompostedafter1045days,dependingonthecompostingmethod

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Themainingredientofproductiscornstarch

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
BioBagisabagbelongingtothebiowastecontainerorcomposter.Thebagcanbeboughtasa
shoppingbag,you(ifpossible)canrepeatedlyuseit,itslastrouteisalwaysthesame(bio
wasteorcomposter).
BioBagisnotgarbagebag.

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

COSTS
ThepurchasepriceishigherforBiobagbagsthanforplasticbags,butinsomecasesBiobagmay
beobtainedfreeofcharge.
Biobagbagisarawmaterialforcompost.

11.RESULTS
Useofbiodegradablebagsmeansreductionofnonbiodegradableplasticbags,which
decomposesveryslowlyonlandfills,mustberecycledorendupintheseas,oceans

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Biobagbagsareexampleofclosedcircuit:thematerialisarenewablenaturalresource,after
useitisdecomposedandbecomesanutrientforplants.

13.USEFULLINK:
www.biobag.si

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength
closedcircuit("fromcradletocradle")

Weaknesses

higherpricethanforplasticbag

Useasanormalbagformultipleuses,atthe
enditisusedforthedisposalofbiodegradable
waste

there is no substantial advantage over


plastic bags in case of use for the mixed
waste

reducedpollutionfromplasticpackaging

Opportunity

Threat

Exampleoftheconceptfromcradleto
cradlewhichusanupgradeforZerowaste
concept;findapossibilityofproducinga
materialthatisnotasourceoffood.

In the case of food shortages, the use of


corn for the production of bags can be
controversial.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

22. Abinforbiodegradablewaste"Organko"ofPlastikaSkazad.o.o.

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2010
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenija/

Population:

Authority/organizationincharge: PlastikaSkazad.o.o.

Contacts:RomanaKralj
romana.kralj@plastikaskaza.si
00386(0)31335695

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

187
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

188
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

189
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Organkoisaspecialbinthatisdesignedforcollectionoforganicwasteinhouseholds.Itisa
container in which fermentation rather than rotting takes place thanks to microorganisms.
Fermentation is a 24 week process in which organic waste changes into fermented waste,
which makes for the ideal basis for producing quality compost. In the process of
fermentation,allthevitaminsandmineralsinorganicwastearepreservedand,unlikewith
rotting,thereisnosmell.Organkosolvesseveralproblemsatthesametime.Itenablesyou
toseparateyourwaste,eliminatingthestenchandunpleasantsmell.Itreducestheemission
of greenhouse gases, which are produced in the process of rotting, and recycles organic
wasteintocompost,whichcanbereturnedtonature.Thekeytothesuccessofthissystem:
aspeciallydesignedfermentationcontainermadeofrecycledplasticandtheuseofeffective
microorganisms(Biogen).

2.ACTORS

PlastikaSkaza(producer)

Localcommunities,wastemanagementfirms(promotionofusage)

households(users)

3.BENEFICIARIES
households

4.OBJECTIVES
Upto40%ofmunicipalwasteisbiodegradablewaste;muchofthisiskitchenwaste.Culling
them from municipal waste is one of the essential objectives of waste management.
Individual composting or separate collection of biodegradable waste and biological
degradationinthecentraldevicessignificantlyreducestheamountoflandfillwaste,reduces
landfillgasgenerationandontheotherhand,theresultingproductsareusefulforimproving
soilqualityandbiogas(methane).

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS
Mainly kitchen waste are processed: fruit and vegetable peelings, food scraps, cooked and

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

rawmeat,fish,cheese,eggs,bread,coffee,teabags,witheredflowers,etc.

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Bistvenprocesjefermentacijakuhinjskihodpadkovvposebejoblikovaniposodi.Fermentacijo
se dosee z efektivnimi mikroorganizmi (mlenokislinske bakterije, kvasovke, fotosintezni
organizmi, aktinomiceti in encimsko aktivne gljive). Uporablja se posebej za ta namen
pripravljenproizvodBiogen.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Thebinismadefromrecycledplastic
Biogennaturallycreatedmicroorganisms
Biodegradablekitchenwaste

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Wedisposeorganicwasteintothebindailyandscaterthemwithabiogen.Thisisamixtureof
variousbiogenicmaterialsthatareprocessedwitheffectivemicroorganisms(EM).Thebinis
full in 34 weeks. We pour away the fermentation liquid, which is excellent
nutrientforgardenandhouseplantsandcleansthedrainsintoilets,sinksandwashbasins.
Wediluteitwithwaterinaratioof1:100or1:200.
We leave the organic mass to ferment for 10 to 14 days. After completing the process of
fermentationweemptythecontentofthebinonthegardenorgivethefermentedwasteto
the organic waste collector. We gain fertile compost form fermented compost in about 5
weeks.Foroptimumeffectofthefermentation processitisrecommendedtousetwobins.
Whileinthefirstbinorganicwasteisfermentingwecanbegintofillanotherbin.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

12.COSTS
Households:

Costs:binOrganko,Biogen,givingawayofbiologicalwastetothecollector,ifthe
householddoesnothavethepossibilityofcompostingathome.

Ifthehouseholdhasagarden,thefermentedwastecanbequalityfertilizer

Collector,processor:

costs:collecting,composting

revenues:sellingthefertilizer

13.RESULTS

Reducingthequantitiesofbiodegradablewastedumpedinlandfills

Reducing the generation of landfill gas, smell, reducing congestions of water and
volumesofleachate

Closedcircuittoreturnmaterialsinthenature

Productionanduseofnaturalfertilizersinsteadofchemicalfertilizers

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT

reducingthegenerationoflandfillgas

reducingthesmell

reducingcongestionsofwaterandvolumesofleachate

15.USEFULLINK:
http://www.plastikaskaza.si/

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Divertingbiodegradablewastefrom
landfills

productionofcompost

convenientusage

Weaknesses
ThecostsofpurchaseofBiogenproduct

Opportunity

Threat

Directivesandlawsarerequiringthe
separationofbiodegradablewaste

Lowawarenessofthepopulation

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

Titleofthegoodpractice:SlopakEkotopprice

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:2010
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Slovenia/

Population:/

Authority/organizationincharge:Slopak
Contacts:telephone:00386(0)15600250;fax:00386(0)15600270;email:slopak@slopak.si

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

194
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA

195
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)
Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

196
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
SlopakcompanywasestablishedbytheSloveniancompaniesinordertoensurecompliance
withenvironmentalobligationsbymutualsupervisionandregardlessofthemarketvalueof
thepackage.In2010,thecompanyawardedthefirstprizeSlopakECOTOP,intendedfor
companiesthateffectivelyreducetheamountofwaste,eitherbyachangeinproduct
designorbymodifyingthedesignofthepackaging.

2.ACTORS

Slopak

producers

3.BENEFICIARIES

producers

4.OBJECTIVES
Reducingofwaste,decreasingofuseofprimaryrawmaterials,costreductionintransport.

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

Packaging

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE

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Informationnotrelevant/provided.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION
Theprizeisanassetstimulationforcompaniestoreducepackaging

11.FUNDS

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

12.COSTS

Informationnotrelevant/provided.

13.RESULTS
In Pivovarna Union have decided to systematically reduce the weights of the packaging
materialsin allsegmentsofthebeverage.Mostprogresshasbeendonein thecans,since
theintroductionofaluminumcansthayreducetheweightofpackagingby50%orabout700
tonsperyear.Currently,themaximumroomtomanoeuvreisinsegmentofbottles,where
there are increasingly emerging biodegradable and recycled materials, but they are still
someweaknessesinthe actualproductionprocess.Forproductsthatarefilledin bottles,
theweighthasbeenreducedduetothetransitiontothenewdesign.Inthesegmentofglass
bottles they wish to accelerate the sale of bottle return program, and thus reduce the
amountofglassused.
ThecompanyRadeePapirMuflonthayproduceselfadhesivepapermaterialforprinting
labels.Theyreducedtheweightofsiliconisedpaperfirstwith100gramsperm2andthento
80gramsperm2,whichrepresentsa11%reductioninweightofthewaste.In2008,they
reducetheamountofwasteby56tonesin2009by105tonesandthisyearthedifference
willbeover125tones.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

WhenrenovatingSubrinaproductlineswasoneofkeyrequirementsloweringmaterial
consumptionperunitofproduct.Withtheintroductionofthemodifiedcaptheyachieved
26%lessweight.Thedecreaseinthetotalweightofwasteplasticsisalsoaffectedbythe
decisiontounifythevolumeofproductsfordifferentmarkets.Attherenewalofproduct
linesSubrinatheyalsochangedtransportpackaginginthedirectionofbetterutilizationof
volume,whichalsosavesonwastepaperandwastegiftwrappingfoil.
The company CocaCola HBC Slovenia have introduced a new material called Ultra Glass,
which is thinner and lighter than the existing glass. The process of making ultralight
reusable bottles is optimized. The bottle is lighter, thinner, lower and more robust. This
saves space in storage, the less energy needed to heat the bottles at the washing and
substantialsavingsintransport,sincethetruckwiththenewbottlesis3.5tonslighter.

14.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Wasteprevention(reducedwaste),conservationofnaturalresources

15.USEFULLINK:
www.slopak.si

16.ANNEX
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

199
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTscheme
Strength

Weaknesses

Positivestimilationtofirms

EconomicbenefitsoftheEnvironmental
Protection

Opportunity

Threat

Increasingmaterialandenergyefficiency
andpositiveeconomiceffects

200
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

FACTSHEET

23. PlantsforrecoveringandrecyclematerialsofQuadrifoglioSpa

Category:
Policy

Practice

Methodology

Technology

Mainactivities:
Reductionatsource

MaterialRecovering

EnergyRecovering

Reuse

Recycle

Dateofstarting:1998
Stateofactivity(ongoingorfinished):ongoing

Country,RegionandLocalitywheretheactivitiesaredeployed:Italy/ToscanaRegion/MunicipalityofSesto
Fiorentino(FI)

Population:about350.000inhabitants
Authority/organizationincharge:QuadrifoglioSpa
Contacts:quadrifoglio@quadrifoglio.org;f.cristo@quadrifoglio.org

Furthermore,toevaluatethegoodpracticethefollowingcriteriahastobetakeninaccount:
1)Thepracticehastosatisfyatleastoneobjectiveforcategoryofthefollowingandgenerallyobjectivesof
sustainability:(pleaseidentifyyours)

ENVIRONMENTALSUSTAINABILITY:

201
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Reductionofnaturalresourcesconsumptionandpromotionofalternative
solutions(useofrenewableresources)

Reductionpressuresonwater

Reductionpressuresonatmosphere

Reductionpressuresonsoil

Reductionofnoise,electromagneticorindoorpollution

Introduceorimprovesystemsofenvironmentalmanagement

ECONOMICSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducingenvironmentalimpactsofproductionactivities

Reducingthecostofthewastemanagementsystemofthecommunity

Lowratecost/incomes

Abletoproducerevenues

SOCIALSUSTAINABILITY:
Reducinghealthrisks

Produceeffectsontheemploymentconditions

Raisingpublicopinionandknowledgeonsustainabledevelopment

Increasedabilityoflocalcommunitiestoinfluencelocaldecisionmaking
processes

Productionanddistributionofconsumergoodsonthebasisofequityand
solidaritycriteria

Promotionofculturalexchangeandfacilitationofsocialintegration

Participationandcooperationbetweendifferentactorsandstakeholders'
categories,disciplines,sectorsandagencies

Constructionofconsensusandcitizensactiveinvolvement

WASTEMANAGEMENTCRITERIA
The practice satisfies at least one objective of the following objectives identifying a sustainable waste
managementsystem:(pleaseidentifyyours)

202
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Limittheuse(replacement)ofsubstanceswithhighenvironmentalimpact

Safeguardingthesanitationneeds,whileavoidingrisksofcontaminationof
water,soilandsubsoil

Increaserecovering,reuse,recyclingofMSW

Dramaticallyreducetheuseoflandfills

Improvingintermsofenergyandenvironmentalstandardtheplantsoffinal
treatment

Description:
1.BRIEFDESCRIPTIONOFTHEACTIVITY
Aselectionofunsortedmunicipalwasteandstabilizingtheorganicfractionderived
therefrom.
ProductionofFOS,CDRandcombustiblefraction.
Productionofmixedfertilizerandcompostedgreenwastefromseparatecollection.

2.ACTORS
QuadrifoglioSpa(manager);
CityofFlorence,SestoFiorentino,CampiBisenzio.

3.BENEFICIARIES
Citizens,smallbusinessesandcommercialenterprises.
Farms

4.OBJECTIVES
Reducetheamountandvolumeofwastesenttolandfill
Productionofsoilconditionerandcompostmixedgreen
reducingconsumptionoffossilfuelsforelectricitygeneration

5.PROCESSEDMATERIALS

203
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

Unsortedmunicipalwaste:about110,000t/year
Organicwaste:about45,000t/year

6.EMPLOYEDTECHNOLOGIES
Mechanicalselectionbyscreening,separationandrefiningofthemetalcomponents.
Pressuresystemsandsystemofpelletoftheoilfraction.
Aerobiccompostinginbiocellsandfinalmaturation.

7.EMPLOYEDEXPERTISE
About50people,including10withtechnicalandpaperworkrole,and40andoperational
roles.

8.NATURALRESOURCESEMPLOYED
Airandwater

9.VOLUNTARYINSTRUMENTSADOPTED
CertificationISO9001ISO14001OKSAS18001.
Planofselfcontrol

10.PROCESSDESCRIPTION

Undifferentiatedwaste:shredder,screening,electromagneticseparation,separation
aerolics,refiningandpackaging.

Organicfraction:biocellstabilization,maturation,refining.

Theoperatorsareusedinthehandlingofwaste,bothincomingandoutgoing;in
environmentalcontrols,inqualitycontrolandmaintenanceofplantsections.

11.FUNDS
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

204
ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

COSTS
Thecostsamounttoapproximately19millionEuroperyear.
Thesecostsarethesumofthoseoperationalandgeneralmanagementinadditiontocosts
fortheremovalofwasteproductsgeneratedbytheequipment

11.RESULTS
Fromdifferentiatedwasteweobtainedrawmaterialsforabout40,000tonsperyear.
Werecoveredabout150.000tonsofundifferentiatedwaste.
Werecoveredabout22,000tonsofoilequivalent.
Weobtainedareductioninconsumptionofthelandfillvolumesandlowercostsofwaste
disposal

12.ENVIRONMENTALIMPACT
Over50%less(inmass)ofwastetolandfill
Over60%less(byvolume)oflandfill
Lowerconsumptionoffossilresourcesfortheproductionofelectricity,giventhatthe
currentnationalenergymixinginthefield

13.USEFULLINK:
Informationnotrelevant/provided.
14.ANNEX
Informationnotrelevant/provided.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

SWOTanalysis
Strength

Weaknesses

Planinvestmentsintechnological
innovations;

Highcostsforthemanagement
maintenanceoftheimplants;

Availabilityofresourcesandquotasof
publiccofinancingfortechnological
innovation;

Highcostsforthedisposalofwaste
producedbytheimplants.

Minimizingintakeoftonsofwastein
landfills;
Abilitytogenerateincomes;
Creatingnewjobsthroughthegreen
economy.
Opportunity

Threat

Recoveryofmaterialintendedforreuse;

Theenvironmentalimpactthatcausesthe
implant;

Reduced consumption of fossil fuels to


produceelectricity.
Threatsfromtheperspectiveofthebeauty
ofthelandscape.

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ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegionalDevelopmentFund

ProjectcofinancedbytheEuropeanRegional DevelopmentFund