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[Culture]IndianArtArchitectureandPaintingSchools
(Mindmapcumnote)
PostedBySupportStaffOn04/10/2012@1:17amInZMiscellaneous|25Comments
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1. GandharaArt
2. Rajputpainting
3. Saranathapillar
4. Gopurum
5. Vijayanagaraart
6. BundiSchoolOfPainting
7. Sungaart
8. Kangraschoolofpainting
9. ManjushaArt
10. MadhubaniArt
11. Kishangarhschoolofpainting
12. Rockcuttemple
13. Mathuraschoolofart
14. Cholaarchitecture
15. KuluSchool
16. Chaitya
17. nagarastyleofarchitecture
18. ChandellaSchoolOfArch
19. DravadianArchitecture
20. Mughalpainting
21. MughalArchitecture
22. EffectOfIslamicRulersonIndiaArchitecture
23. HINDUSTANMUSIC
24. Carnaticmusic
25. Ahmadiyamovement
26. Mindmap

GandharaArt
GrecoBuddhistart
thehandofaGreekbuttheheadandheartofanIndian.
thebasicurge,imageryandiconographyremainedIndian
northwest
westasiasettledhere
lotusthrone

centralAsianfashion

Rajputpainting
depictanumberofthemes,eventsofepicsliketheRamayanaandtheMahabharata,
Krishnaslife
butmanypaintingsweredoneonthewallsofpalaces,innerchambersoftheforts,
colourswereextractedfromcertainminerals,plantsources,conchshells,andwereeven
derivedbyprocessingpreciousstones
emergedfromPersianminiaturepainting

Saranathapillar
lioncapital=nationalemblem
fourlionsareseatedbacktoback
UP:
column=sameplace
lioncapital=sarnathamuseum
@ashokacolumn
ashokachakra=indianflag

Gopurum
monumentaltower,entrance,southernindia
pallavas
shrinehasmorethanone
tamilmeaning=kingandexterior
urbannodesandfocalpoints

Vijayanagaraart
religious,courtlyandcivic
comb=hoysala,pandya,chola
granite,sandstoneandplaster

BundiSchoolOfPainting

majorculturalhubinthecityofBundi,Rajasthan
MewarSchool,theSchoolofPainting
umanfigureshaveauniqueexpression
redbrowncolor

Sungaart

stupasatsanchi
expansionofmathuraschool
sculpturenotinboldrelief

male/femalelargeornaments
noemotions
eyeballasconspicuous

Kangraschoolofpainting

Kangra,HimachalPradesh
@Paharipaintingschool
greenery
naturalistic
plantsandcreepers,leaflesstrees
colorsmadeofvegetableandmineralextract

ManjushaArt
Manjushasaretempleshapedboxes
adeofbamboo,juteandpaper
Bihar,Jharkhand,WestBengal,andTaraiareaoftheNepal
ManjushaArtisoneoftheveryoldandhistoricallyveryimportantArt

MadhubaniArt
Mithilapainting
regionofBiharstate
usingnaturaldyesandpigment
paintingsforeachoccasionandfestivalsuchasbirth,marriage,holi
aditionallybythewomenofvillages
pasteofpowderedrice

mostlydepictnatureandHindureligiousmotifs

Kishangarhschoolofpainting

elongationofhumanfaces
PortrayalofRadhaandKrishna
BaniThani.
labeledasIndiasMonaLisa

Rockcuttemple
mostlyreligiousinnature
WhenBuddhistmissionariesarrivedtheynaturallygravitatedtocaves
suitedtotheirnaturalinclinations
Arockcuttempleiscarvedfromalargerockandexcavatedandcut
ellora,kailash

Mathuraschoolofart
ancient
kushanas
cityofmathura
hinduism,jainismandbuddhism

firstBuddhaimages
Sarnath,SravastiRajgir
schoolexcelledinYaksha(Male)
lionthroneIndiandresses

Cholaarchitecture

tamildynasty
famousfortamillit+artandarchi
Pallavastyle
sanctum=square+circular
stoneandmetalscrip
gopurams

KuluSchool

styleofpainting
isoneoftheprominentexamplesofcentresofpaharischoolofpaintinginindia.

Chaitya
buddhistorjainshrineincludingastupa
holdingdevotees
providingshelter
roman=column+arch
ajanta,ellora

Nagarastyleofarchitecture

hindutemplearchi
elevationconvexcurve
plansquareshape
projectionsofplanarecarriedtotop

ChandellaSchoolOfArch
difffromotherdynasties
contemporary:khajurahotempleandlakes

DravadianArchitecture
southernpart
developedforabout10centuries
CholadominationwasthegoldenageforDravidianArchitecture
NortheasternSriLanka,Maldives,andvariouspartsofSoutheastAsia
Vimanam,Mandapams,Gopurams

Mughalpainting
emergedfromPersianminiaturepainting
blendingofPersianandIndianideas
greaterinterestinrealisticportraiture
Animalsandplantswerealsomorerealisticallyshown

MughalArchitecture
atfatehpursikrisynthesisofvariousregionalschoolsofarchitectural
islamic,hinduandjain
Sikrisandstone
BulandDarwaza,jamamasjid,TombofSalimChishti,panchmahal

EffectOfIslamicRulersonIndiaArchitecture
useofshapes(insteadofnaturalforms)
decorativeletteringorcalligraphy
inlaydecorationanduseofcolouredmarble
allspaceswerespannedbymeansofhorizontalbeams
conceptofarchordomewasnotinventedbytheMuslims
borrowedarchitecturalstylesofthepostRomanperiod
puttousecertainscientificandmechanicalformulae
weretypicalmortarmasonryworksformedofdressedstones
religious=MosquesandTombs
secular=palacesandforts
masjid
opencourtyardsurroundedbyapillaredverandah
crownedoffwithadome
mihrabindicatesthedirectionoftheqiblaforprayer
tomb
maqbara=maqbarareferstothegravesofallMuslims,itrefersespeciallytothe
graves(RaulaorRauza)ofreligiousfiguresorWaliyullahswhodedicatedtheirlifeto
Islam
qabr=normalmuslimperson
dargah=InAsiancountries,maqbaraalsoreferstotheDargahofWaliyullahs,Sufis,
Sheikhs,Imams
threesections
a. delhiorimperial
b. provincial
i. jaunpur
ii. deccan
c. mughal

Carnaticmusic
HINDUSTANMUSIC
northindia
persianinfluence
khyal=modern
dhrupad=oldest,stillinuse

oneofthetwomajorsystems
melodybasednotharmony
givesequalimportancetomelodyand
rhythm
fineblendofscienceandart

concertsaregenerallysoloorduet

Ahmadiyamovement
Islamicreformist
MirzaGhulamAhmad
viewthemselvesasleadingtherevivalandpeacefulpropagationofIslam
earliestMuslimcommunitiestoarriveinBritainandotherWesterncountries
MostmainstreamMuslimsconsiderbothAhmadimovementstobenonMuslimand
heretical

Mindmap
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