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TITLE:

DOCUMENT NO
DESIGNED

DATE

CHECKED

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DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB:


The Grade Slab is designed using Portland Cement Association (PCA ) method.
BASIC DATA
Grade of Concrete
Grade of Steel
Type of Sub-base below the Slab (SAND)
Length of the slab between ends

=
=
=
=

M 30
420
mm2
200
mm
12000 mm = 39.4 ft

LOADING DATA
The floor slab is subjected to both uniformly distributed load as well as concentrated
Mechanical Equipement loads.
Type of Load
= Uniformly Distributed
Load on Grade Slab,W ( DL = 0.2 kN/m2 and LL = 4.0kN/m2) = 4.2 kN/sq.m
DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB
Modulus of Subgrade Reaction on top of Subgrade, k
= 2.40
kg/cm3
(For sand filling below grade slab refer page 2, Reference 1)
= 87.0
pci
Compressive Strength of Concrete,fc
=
30
N/mm2
Flexural Strength of Concrete (Modulus of Rupture), MR
(Ref page 2, Reference 1)

= 4350
= 9 * fc
= 593.6

psi

= 1045.0
= 50.0
=
4.2

psf
kN/m2
kN/m2

psi at 28 days

As per reference 1, table 4 (page 13)


Assuming 175 thick grade slab,(7 inch)
Allowable uniform distributed load on floor
Applied Floor load on grade slab
Hence Provide 175 mm thick grade slab

REFERENCE
1 )Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade - Robert G. Packard- PCA
(Enclosed in Annexure - 1)

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Uniform Load case


= 0.123 f t(hk)
Allowable Working Stress, psi
Slab Thickness, in.
Modulus of Subgrade Reaction,pci
MR / FOS
2
296.80
psi
4.20
kN/m2
86.1
psf
2
w / ( 0.1232 * f t2 * k )
=
= 0.06
in
= 1.62
mm

Allowable Load on Grade Slab, w


(From Ref (1) pg. 13)

Where, f t =
h =
k =
ft =
Assume FOS
=
ft =
w =
=

Thickness of Slab required, h


=(86.1^2)/((0.123^2)(296.80^2)87)
Provide

200

mm thick Grade slab

REINFORCEMENT CALCULATION
Amount of steel per linear foot of slab width
( As per Ref (2) pg. 23)

A st
F
L
w
fs

A st

=(1.512.5(200/25.4)(39.37)/(20.67420145))

Spacing of
Provide

8
8

mm dia bar required

mm dia bar at

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

F*L*w/2*fs

in2/ft
Coeff. Of subgrade friction
1.5 for grade slab
Slab length b/w free ends, ft
Weight of Slab, psf
Allowable Working Stress of Steel
0.67 times yield stress of steel in psi

=
=

0.07 in2/ft = 150.76 mm2/m


330 mm C/C

200 mm C/C both ways .

REFERENCE
1 )Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade - Robert G. Packard- PCA
2 )Concrete Floors on Ground
- Portland Cement Association

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PROJECT:

TITLE:

DOCUMENT NO

SIDRA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE

DATE
8/10/2015

DESIGNED

SAINT GOBAIN,EGYPT.
DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB

CHECKED

BAL

SHEET
OF

CSR

Design of Grade slab-PCA method (PIN LOAD)


Basic data
Grade of Concrete
Type of Soil below the Slab

= M 30
= Sandy

Loading Data
The floor slab is subjected to both uniformly distributed load as well as concentrated wheel loads
from trucks.
Type of Load
Maximum Point Load
Loading Area

= Point load(concentrated)
= 200 kN
=
900 cm2

Pin Load
Concentrated Load
= 200.0 kN
Slab Depth t
= 175 mm
Compressive Strength of Concrete fc
= 30.0 N/mm2
Modulus of Rupture MR = 9 * fc
(I)Check as Post Load
Contact Area

= 45.0
= 6.9

kips
in

4350

psi

593.6

psi

(Pg. 12 example problem, Ref. 1)

900

= 140

in2

Load Periphery = Perimeter of contact area

120

cm

(For 900 cm2 loading area minimum perimeter is 120 cm)


Check for Bearing stress

47

in

Allowable Bearing Stress:


For interior load = 4.2 MR
For edge or corner load = 2.1 MR
Actual bearing stress = Load / Area
Actual bearing stress = <
Allowable Bearing Stress

cm2

LOAD DISTRIBUTION
= 2493
psi
= 1247
psi
= 322.3
Hence Safe

psi

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DOCUMENT NO

SIDRA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE


SAINT GOBAIN,EGYPT.

DATE
8/10/2015

DESIGNED

DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB

CHECKED

BAL

SHEET
OF

CSR

Check for Shear Stress


Allowable Shear Stress = 0.27 MR

160.3

psi

Actual Shear Stress for Interior Load


Post Load
=
Slab Depth [load periphery + 4(slab depth)]

= 87.245

psi

< 160.3
SAFE

Actual Shear Stress for Edge Load


Post Load
=
Slab Depth [0.75(load periphery) + 2(slab depth)]

= 132.61

psi

< 160.3
SAFE

Actual Shear Stress for Corner Load


Post Load
=
Slab Depth [0.5(load periphery) + (slab depth)]

= 213.89

psi

< 160.3
UNSAFE

200 mm thick Grade Slab shall be provided.


Minimum reinforcement for shrinkage shall be provided.
Provide

T- 10 at 150 c/c in both directions '(0.262%)

1 )Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade - Robert G. Packard- PCA
(Enclosed in Annexure -1)

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TITLE:

DOCUMENT NO

SIDRA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE

DATE
8/10/2015

DESIGNED

SAINT GOBAIN,EGYPT.
DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB

CHECKED

BAL

SHEET
OF

CSR

(II)Check as Column Load


t2
Where,
t
=
Pu
=
A
=
B
=
C
=
fc
=
k
=
b
=

3
= Pu X A X log 10 (B * t / C )

(Sec 5.4, Ref. 2)

Slab thickness beneath column, in


Factored Column Load, lb
Constant - 0.03 / fc
Constant - 915000 * fc

=
=
=
=
=
=

k * b^4
Compressive strength of Concrete, psi
Modulus of Subgrade of Soil, pci
Base Plate dimension, in

0.0005
###
###
4350
200
5.12

psi
pci
in

Ultimate load that can be carried by the slab is calculated substituting all the values in the
above eq. except Pu
Slab thickness 150 mm
t
=
150 mm =
5.91
in
3
2
Pu X A X log 10 (B * t / C )
t
=
Pu X 0.0005 X log 10( 6.0.E+07 X 5.91 3 / 137236 )
5.91 2 =
Pu
=
14119.9 lb
= 64.1 kN <
70.0
kN Hence increase the thickness
Slab thickness 175 mm
t
=
175 mm = 6.89 in
3
2
P
=
X log 10 (B * t / C )
t
u X A
6.89 2 =
Pu
=

Pu X 0.0005 X log 10( 6.0.E+07 X 6.89 3 / 137236 )


18470.4 lb = 83.86 kN > 70.0 kN
Hence safe

Punching Shear Check


Punching shear check shall be done for slab thickness

= 175

mm

b+d
Base plate
Grade slab

d/2

Perimeter at
critical section

100

263

263.0

Punching Shear Capacity Vc =

4 X fc X bo X d

(Sec. 5.4, Ref 2)

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d
b
bo
Vc

DOCUMENT NO

SIDRA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE

8/10/2015
DESIGNED

SAINT GOBAIN,EGYPT.
DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB

=
=
=
=
=

DATE

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Effective depth of the Slab = 175 - 8 - 8/2 = 163 mm = 6.42 in


Base plate dimension
= 100 mm
= 3.94 in
Perimeter of the critical section at distance d/2 from the base plate
4(b+d)
= 1052 mm = 41 in
4 X 3625 X 41 X
6.42 = 70120 lb = 318.3 kN > 70.0 kN

175 mm thick Grade Slab shall be provided.


REFERENCE
1 Slab Thickness Design for Industrial Concrete Floors on Grade - Robert G. Packard.
2 Designing Floor Slabs on Grade, Ringo and Anderson.

200 kN
Slope 1:1
88 mm
Slab Thick=

175 mm

Tributary area
( 250.0 x 13.0 )

30.5

cm

cm

Contact area after dispersion

267.5 cm
=
8159

cm2

= 1264.6

in2

Safe

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PROJECT:

TITLE:

DOCUMENT NO

SIDRA MEDICAL RESEARCH CENTRE


SAINT GOBAIN,EGYPT.
DESIGN OF GRADE SLAB

DATE
8/10/2015

DESIGNED
BAL

CHECKED
CSR

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OF