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Greenpeace takes action to defend the natural world and promote peace. We are lawyers, lobbyists, scientists, sailors, researchers and above all activists united by a common mission to protect our environment. Our effectiveness lies in our unique independence from government and corporate funding. This is only possible through the generous and incredibly appreciated support by individuals like you.
How a plot of land can stand in the way of a third runway
3 6 7 9 11 14 15 18 19 21
How undercover work led to rainforest protection
What the real cost is of renewing nuclear weapons
Making a positive impact on energy policy in the UK
How we enabled scientists to carry out vital research in the Arctic
Taking action during the UN Copenhagen summit
Working with industry to protect the world’s oceans
How we stood up against rainforest destroyers
Taking action throughout the year, around the world
How individuals make our achievements possible
Cover image: Greenpeace in Greenland. Our ship the MY Arctic Sunrise alongside the front section of the Petermann glacier.
There are various Greenpeace reports referenced in this publication. If you would like to receive a copy by post or email please contact Louise Krzan on 020 7865 8175 or at email@example.com Design: firstname.lastname@example.org
Hello and welcome to our impact report for 2009.
It was an incredibly busy year for Greenpeace, and a successful one too. Here in the UK and internationally we saw some great steps forward on some of the most pressing issues facing our planet. From the rainforests of Brazil to the supermarket shelves of tuna, we’ve seen real progress.
our new International Executive Director, (pictured below). From South Africa, Kumi comes to Greenpeace with a strong background of social justice campaigning. Our independence from government and corporate donations is central to our ability to act. And we safeguard this independence vigorously. At the same time, we are totally dependent on you, and all the other people who are generous enough to support our work through donations of money and time. I hope you
Executive Director, Greenpeace UK
‘I am proud to become part of an organisation that is ready to stand up to power, to master the science, to debate with the politicians, and to use all peaceful means possible to create a green and more equitable world’ Kumi Naidoo International Executive Director
Greenpeace is made up of 28 independent offices in over 40 countries across the world.
Greenpeace UK Limited is our campaigning and direct action organisation, and as such unable to be a charity. Greenpeace Environmental Trust is a registered charity, number 284934. Our research laboratories, managed by Greenpeace International, are based at Exeter University.
airplot is becoming a runaway success. anna Jones, climate campaigner, describes how we worked with lawyers to secure airplot, the piece of land we bought to stand in the way of airport expansion.
Sitting slap-bang in the middle of Heathrow’s proposed third runway site, our patch of land known as Airplot now represents a growing collective of people resisting the expansion plans of aviation giant, BAA. Launching Airplot was time critical. After months of preparing, we announced our purchase just two days before the government gave the initial go ahead to the runway. The media went crazy for the story and within just a few hours over 12,000 people had joined Alistair McGowan, Emma Thompson and Zac Goldsmith as beneficial owners. I’m so proud that this small plot of land now unites over 65,000 of us in the quest to stop airport expansion. At full capacity, a third runway would make Heathrow the biggest single source of greenhouse gases in the UK. Meeting the government’s own climate emissions targets would become impossible. They could double by 2050. This is why I’m so passionate about Airplot and our ultimate goal of curbing aviation expansion. There are also the people of Sipson to consider: a village of 700 homes and businesses that would be flattened. Working alongside the residents has been critical. This includes creating an allotment and an orchard on the Airplot site.
A third runway is not inevitable. Our intervention means that as owners of the site we will give evidence at the planning inquiry and resist compulsory purchase of Airplot. This includes taking nonviolent direct action if we have to. At the start of 2010 we launched an architectural, and public, competition to design a structure that will fortify the plot should BAA begin construction.
Main right: Alistair McGowan stands on our plot of land in Sipson. ©Rezac/Greenpeace Bottom right: Evening Standard coverage of the Airplot launch.
We must continue to defeat the plans for Heathrow and ensure that we stop other airports from expanding. g We must strengthen a wider resistance movement of people who are prepared to take direct action against climate policies that are destroying the planet. g We must overturn the government’s Aviation White Paper in favour of a sustainable transport policy
g Join the plot and get campaign
updateS at www.airplot.org.uk
‘the Speed of the public reSponSe to thiS campaign haS been Simply aStoniShing… the government’S attemptS to bulldoze over public opinion will be blocked at every turn.’
paulo adario, our campaign manager in the amazon, explains how an international investigation of the cattle industry led to a huge victory for the rainforest.
By collating three years of undercover research into a groundbreaking report Greenpeace proved how huge swathes of Amazon rainforest were being destroyed to make way for cattle herds and slaughter houses. We investigated how big companies were clearing the forest to graze cattle and how the beef and leather produced, travelled across the world to become consumer goods including shoes, meat pies and car seats. Taking on multi-million dollar beef and leather companies was a tall order for us, but essential if we were to transform the industry and protect the Amazon. So that is what we did.
how did we unpick the Supply chain?
We used satellite data to produce maps correlating the cattle ranches and slaughter houses with evidence of new deforestation. g We traced the beef and leather as it left farms in the Amazon and travelled to Europe, China and beyond. g We collated confidential trade and company data in order to analyse the entire supply chain and prove which companies were involved along the way.
Within just three months, four of the biggest beef and leather companies had met our demands and agreed not to buy from ranches that destroy the rainforest. Our investigation led to the start of a major transformation of the supply chain and a clear victory, with deforestation for cattle ranching no longer acceptable in the market place.
We need to make sure that the companies keep to their commitments and continue to strive for better management of their supply chain. We must also continue pressuring farmers to register and map their ranches, so we can monitor if any new deforestation takes place. This is one of the ways we can ensure the long-term protection of the Amazon from the biggest drivers of deforestation, including cattle and soy.
Main left: Cattle grazing on deforested land, Brazil. ©Beltra/Greenpeace Small top left: A rancher with his cattle in Pará State, Brazil. ©Funari/Lineair Small second left: Workers butcher cattle in Marfrig slaughterhouse facility. ©Funari/Lineair
In June 2009 we published our in depth investigation as a report called ‘Slaughtering the Amazon’, which linked international household brands to destruction of the rainforest. Together with the influence of our supporters who emailed, phoned and donated money, we succeeded in persuading big brands like Clarks, Timberland and Wal-Mart to stop sourcing beef and leather from Amazon destruction.
‘when you talk to greenpeace, it’S hard to argue with what they’re Saying’.
President of Wal-Mart Brazil, Héctor Núñez
replacing our nuclear weapons system, trident, comes with a hefty price tag and one the government didn’t want us to know about. that is why greenpeace spent funds on a rigorous investigation into the true costs, explains peace campaigner louise edge.
Globally we are now seeing foreign policy analysts, senior military and politicians including Obama, believing that the continued possession of nuclear weapons for defence is a major source of insecurity. This makes the UK government’s plans to renew Trident all the more outrageous and explains why we ramped up this campaign in early 2009. The report, ‘In the Firing Line’, detailed our findings and we circulated this widely. As well as laying out the financial evidence the report argued that the world has changed since Trident was first introduced. The Cold War is over. Today we face completely different threats to our national security including diminishing resources and, above all, climate change. A growing number of politicians backed our report publically including Michael Ancram, ex-Shadow Defence Minister and Vince Cable, Shadow Chancellor, as well as military advisor, General Sir Hugh Beach. We are also pleased to report a continued delay in any investment decisions being made for the Trident replacement project.
In 2010 we must use every forum to make the case that spending billions on nuclear weapons will not make us safer. With our supporters we will be: g Making it clear to political leaders that the public does not support replacing Trident. g Lobbying political parties to include the question of Trident replacement in a full review of our defence and foreign policy post election. g Pressuring the UK to agree concrete disarmament measures at the crucial global Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) review conference in May.
uncovering government Spending planS
Over a number of months we patiently analysed government papers, parliamentary questions, and specialist reports. We also spoke to experts on military expenditure and soon identified glaring black holes in the ‘official’ cost projections. Our research showed the lifetime cost of Trident to be approximately £97 billion, a lot more than the £15-20 billion official government figure. Running costs of over £2 billion a year, and several strands of procurement costs had been omitted.
‘it iS time to... Stop the Spread of nuclear weaponS and to reduce the arSenalS from another era. thiS iS the moment to begin the work of Seeking the peace of a world without nuclear weaponS.’ Barack Obama, US President, speech in Berlin, July 2008
Running costs £56.9-68.3bn
Omitted by the government £14.65-19.65bn
photojournalist nick cobbing joined leading scientists aboard our icebreaker ship, pictured below near the border between greenland and canada, to document the impacts of climate change in the arctic.
peace for over lucky to work with Green landscape “I ’ve been the arctic 15 years now and to say doesn’t even begin to is vast and other-worldly describe it. ed alongside g this epic expedition I livimate scientists Durin ing cl some of the world’s lead r we documented the and glaciologists. Togethe collected vital data on changing landscapes and , glacial melt and more”. sea temperature, ice flow
This is Dr Jason Box on the first leg of the tour. He’s gathering samples of cryocronite (ice impurities) from the lower section of the Petermann glacier. He’s looking to see if lead, which darkens the ice, is present.
This is one of the beautiful ravines that cross the surface of Petermann. Fitting radar equipment to a string of kayaks enables scientists to penetrate the ice with a signal that bounces back to reveal the underlying structure of the glacial ice.
By lowering a CTD (conductivity, temperature and depth) device into the water at different locations, Dr Jason Box records data to later help inform how far currents are travelling.
We were only able to venture onto the ice once the ship was secured. Here polar explorer Eric Philips is rigging the mooring lines around a solid bollard of ice on the front of the Petermann glacier.
By fixing a GPS unit to the surface of Petermann glacier Alan Hubbard, a glaciologist from the University of Aberystwyth, measures the accurate direction and speed that the glaciers move. It involves drilling deep into the ice with an ice auger and battery powered drill.
in 2009 we witnessed a dramatic shift in government energy policy. our strategy worked and robin oakley, head of our climate team, explains how.
Over the last 12 months we have clearly influenced energy policy on many different levels – from mobilising thousands of people to take individual action, to lobbying intensely at the corporate and government level. We continued collaborating with Oxfam, the World Development Movement and many more organisations to build a broader coalition of support for clean and efficient energy production. Developing guidelines for carbon emission limits on power stations was just the first step. We also launched the ‘Big If’ campaign which mobilised thousands of people to demand that Ed Miliband, Energy Minister, makes the right decisions on coal policy. This campaign also saw people pledge to take direct action to stop plans for the first new power station in over 30 years, at Kingsnorth. This isn’t the end; we need to see the government rule out all the emissions, but it has stopped plans for the dirtiest new coal plants in their tracks.
puShing the alternativeS
It’s not just about stopping the wrong energy choices, we’ve also been working to give good energy a stronger chance to succeed. This includes launching a report in Parliament, with Friends of the Earth, WWF and RSPB, showing how the National Grid is more than capable of managing the variable input created by wind power. Our country is home to some of the best engineers, mechanics and construction professionals in the world. Their expertise is crucial if we are to harness the massive potential that new technologies like offshore wind have to offer.
We’ve had an amazing year but we still need to go further. It’s critical that the government introduces stronger policy – an emissions law that rules out the worst carbon polluters. We also need to secure similar policy in the EU. We will campaign to make the UK into a global champion for clean energy solutions. We must ensure UK commitments are delivered, and show the rest of the world it can be done.
a double win
By the end of 2009, E.ON had shelved plans for a new coal plant at Kingsnorth. They blamed the global recession, but the impact of our campaigning was widely acknowledged. g Meanwhile we forced a government u-turn on coal. In April, Ed Miliband announced a policy requiring any new coal plant to capture a portion of its emissions.
Small top right: Activists hand out copies of the Greenpeace manifesto to MPs during the action on Parliament. ©Sandison/Greenpeace Small second right: Activists meet and challenge Ed Milliband with the ‘Big If’ campaign outside the Library in his constituency. ©Buus/Greenpeace Main far right: Over 50 Greenpeace activists occupy the roof of the UK Parliament building demanding the government rethink its climate policies. ©Cobbing/Greenpeace
copenhagen did not deliver all that we wanted, but it was a defining moment in history. our director John Sauven explains, despite the frustrations, what we achieved.
The UN climate change meeting in Copenhagen provided a concrete milestone for our work and resulted in leaders from the world’s biggest polluting countries agreeing to take action on cutting their emissions. We knew that a strong and legally binding deal was unlikely, but persuading world leaders to attend and take personal responsibility for action on climate change was critical. Director Kumi Naidoo addressed an opening rally of 100,000 people and, in cooperation with other NGOs, delivered a petition signed by over 12 million people to the Prime Minister of Denmark. We also worked hard, inside and outside the conference centre, to keep the meeting on track. A key moment was when we obtained a secret memo written by the Danish government uncovering how they were working behind the scenes to weaken the outcome of the talks. Due to massive press coverage, Denmark was exposed and had to back off. But, unfortunately, the world’s leaders lacked the political will to deliver. As I said on the day - this ‘deal’ contains no legally binding targets. And the targets that are there need to be significantly more ambitious. It’s clear we have a lot of work ahead of us, both nationally and internationally, but with supporters by our side we remained determined and focused on our goal of slashing emissions and tackling climate change.
what doeS thiS mean now?
While a global agreement would have made our job easier, we remain committed to holding our governments accountable for their lack of action, both at home and on the world stage. It remains critical that we push for an increase in energy efficiency, renewables and an end to reliance on dirty energy supplies. This should be seen as a huge opportunity to create new industries, new jobs, and make us more energy secure.
Main: Activists send a clear message to summit delegates by rigging a banner from the stern of our ship the Beluga II, visible to those arriving at Copenhagen airport. ©Åslund/Greenpeace Small far left: Activists placed adverts depicting apologetic and aged President Obama and Gordon Brown, dated 2020, throughout Copenhagen International Airport.
a global force
Throughout 2009, Greenpeace activists helped mobilise millions of people around the world to demand a strong global agreement to avert dangerous climate change. From scaling Mount Rushmore with a clear message for Obama to show leadership, to personally lobbying ministers and special advisors around the world, Greenpeace worked to keep world leaders’ attention on Copenhagen. In fact, ahead of the summit I met Prime Minister Gordon Brown three times in one week. As delegates arrived in Copenhagen we were already there – campaigners and volunteer activists. Our new International Executive
from the high seas to the supermarket shelves, oceans campaigner willie mackenzie describes how we transformed the tuna industry and helped protect our oceans.
Whether it’s sushi or sandwiches we have a huge appetite for tuna in the UK. But large scale fishing methods are putting certain species under strain and damaging our entire ocean ecosystem. Throughout the year we also lobbied politicians to increase protection for bluefin and edged closer to its inclusion under the ‘CITES’ Endangered Species Agreement. France, Germany and the UK are all backing the move and the Mediterranean’s biggest bluefin tuna trader, Mitsubishi, has already taken action by voluntarily decreasing the amount of fish it buys.
By influencing the supply chain, we’ve created a surge in demand for sustainably sourced tuna. Now we need to keep up the momentum and ensure tinned tuna brands deliver on ocean friendly policies We’ll also be working for a positive outcome at a CITES meeting in the spring, and continue pushing for a network of protected marine reserves, off limits to all unsustainable practices around the world.
Main right: Fishermen use the more selective ‘pole and line’ fishing method to catch skipjack tuna in the Indian Ocean. ©Hilton/Greenpeace Small top right: This Ecuadorian purse seiner’s bycatch includes juvenile yellowfin tuna and green sea turtles. ©Hofford/Greenpeace Small second right: A turtle is at risk of being caught while swimming around a fish aggregating device, belonging to the Ecuadorian purse seiner, pictured above. ©Hofford/Greenpeace
the rhino of the ocean
Atlantic bluefin tuna is now critically endangered due to overfishing. Yet it is still being served up in some of our most exclusive fish restaurants. We raised the alarm last July by publicly shaming the restaurants trading in endangered species. One of our key targets, exclusive sushi restaurant Nobu, felt the heat when presenter Stephen Fry went on the offensive: ‘It’s astounding lunacy to serve up endangered species for sushi. There’s no justification for peddling extinction, yet that is exactly what Nobu is doing in restaurants around the world’ We also worked closely with campaigner Charles Clover whose film ‘The End of the Line’ gives bluefin a starring role. Screened around the world, and promoted by us, the film created a surge in concern for how our fish is caught and pressured many retailers to improve their policies.
changing their tuna?
Closer to home, our league table revealed how sourcing the UK’s favourite tinned fish, skipjack tuna, was destroying marine life. Large scale, unselective fishing methods capture tonnes of unwanted species including sharks and turtles, which are thrown back into the sea, dead or dying. Since publishing our league table and pressuring retailers, we’ve seen improvements in the way skipjack tuna is caught and labelled. Marks and Spencer, Waitrose, Sainsbury’s, Co-op and ASDA have all increased the amount of pole and line caught tuna they stock, and in December John West released their new sustainability policy.
in 2009 we increased our work with local people to confront the companies destroying indonesia’s rainforests and peatlands. david ritter, biodiversity campaign manager, explains how.
The rainforests of the Kampar peninsula in Sumatra store some two billion tonnes of carbon, growing on peat that is up to 15 metres deep. Under Indonesian law it’s illegal to clear forests on peatland that is more than three metres deep. However, our investigations revealed that palm oil and paper companies are flouting this law and playing a key role in making Indonesia the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world. The camp provided a focus for journalists and, importantly, a base for activists taking non violent direct action. We blocked machinery and built dams where companies were draining, burning and clearing peatland swamp forest for plantations. Local police tried to evict us, but our strong links with the community meant that over 1,000 people prevented them. Local people made it clear that it was the plantation companies they should be removing – not Greenpeace.
In response to our confrontations, the Indonesian government suspended all permits held by APRIL, one of the largest pulp and paper companies operating in the Kampar Peninsula. 2010 offers the best opportunity yet to break the link between palm oil and deforestation. Getting Unilever to stop trading with Sinar Mas was a huge victory. We now need to push other well known brands to stop buying from rainforest destroyers. We must also continue pushing for a moratorium in Indonesia on any further destruction for palm oil, pulp and paper.
Our team in Indonesia identified key villages where people are forced to cope day-to-day with companies ripping up their forest and disregarding their lives. We took time to understand their concerns and agreed to set up a temporary base called the Climate Defenders Camp on the edge of one of the plantations.
changing the market place
Meanwhile our work persuading big brands to stop buying palm oil from the worst destroyers had huge success. We finally saw Unilever step up and cancel its contracts with the worst offender and biggest palm oil supplier, Sinar Mas.
Left: Police photograph an activist chained to an excavator at the site of rainforest clearing by plantation company, APRIL. ©Rante/Greenpeace Top right: Indonesia’s rainforests provide critical habitat for endangered species like the Sumatran tiger. ©Compost Second right: Activists halt drainage of peatland by constructing dams on canals made by the plantation companies. ©Rante/Greenpeace
Victory! After years of lobbying and taking non violent direct action, the Forest Law to reduce deforestation is now in effect. ©Pantoja/GP
Our Quit Coal campaign results in a commitment from Greece to rewrite its energy plan to exclude coal and nuclear power in favour of renewable energy. ©Gleizes/GP
We investigate the true destination of ‘recycled’ electronic waste, and expose toxic dumping grounds in Nigeria and other developing countries. ©Buus/GP
Our activists join the 15 million strong movement demanding a fair, ambitious and legally binding treaty at the climate summit in Copenhagen. ©Pago/GP
Finally the UK Marine Bill is passed, including vital new legislation committing the government to create a network of protected areas in our seas. ©Newman/GP
Our ship the Esperanza exposes Taiwanese vessels illegally transferring tuna at sea, in an area proposed as a marine reserve to conserve tuna populations. ©Hilton/GP
with our supporters’ help greenpeace is able to take action for a green and peaceful planet in over 40 countries across the world.
By projecting onto Yong Ding Gate, activists call on President Hu Jintao to personally attend the Copenhagen climate Summit in December. ©Li/GP
After our 12 year campaign, the government of British Columbia finally protects the Great Bear Rainforest – also known as ‘Canada’s Amazon’. ©Aikman/GP
Activists climb into the sea and intercept a coal freighter bound for Kingsnorth power station, providing another blow to utility company E.ON’s plans to invest in new coal. ©Rezac/GP
ivory coaSt, September:
Oil trading company Trafigura settle out of court after we expose their attempt to cover up the dumping of caustic sludge in the city of Abidjan.
Following our occupation of a potential radar site in the Czech Republic, Obama announces part of their National Missile Defence System will not go ahead after all. ©Greenpeace
Greenpeace shuts down major coal export terminal l in Queensland on the eve of the Pacific Islands Forum in Cairns. ©Pratten/GP
Supporters are our strength and our lifeblood. we do not accept donations from governments or business. the moment we do, we lose our independence and freedom to speak out. over 100,000 people gave £8,344,000 in 2008, making our work, and our independence, possible. thank you.
greenpeace eXpenditure in 2008
Campaign expenses Campaign information costs Subscriptions and donations – direct expenses Investment in recruiting new supporters to Greenpeace – net expenses General marketing costs Administration and central management expenses £ 5,265k £ 916k £ 765k £ 445k £ 806k £ 473k
greenpeace income in 2008
Regular Subscriptions £ 7,135k The largest part of Greenpeace’s income comes direct from individual supporters, in the form of regular monthly and annual subscriptions paid by bank transfer Groups £ 29k Income raised by the campaign groups around the country Other subscriptions and donations £ 1,180k Also includes income from legacies and other fundraising Profit on merchandising, publishing, and commercial events £ 63k These commercial trading activities also serve to publicise Greenpeace to a wider audience Grants from other Greenpeace organisations: £ 652k Interest Receivable £ 44k Greenpeace makes no investments beyond holding cash in interestbearing bank accounts, available for our campaigns whenever the need arises To receive a full copy of the latest audited accounts please contact Louise Krzan on 020 7865 8175 or email at email@example.com.
From Dundee to Cornwall, 2009 saw over 2,000 volunteers take action to protect our planet and promote peace.
From tree planting to Rainbow Warrior open days, our invaluable volunteer network of active supporters continued to play a vital role in delivering our campaigns across the country.
Greenpeace is made up of 40 countries across the world.
Almost 100,000 actions were taken by Greenpeace supporters online last year. This included lobbying Ed Miliband to stop a new generation of dirty coal power stations and signing up to be beneﬁcial owners of our Airplot to stop runway expansion at Heathrow.
To join our network of volunteer activists or to ﬁnd out more about the people in your area helping to deliver Greenpeace campaigns, please visit our website at www.greenpeace.org.uk/active Greenpeace UK Limited is our campaigning and direct action organisation, To take regular action online subscribe to our be a charity. and as such unable to newsletter at www.greenpeace.org.uk/ebulletin
Greenpeace Environmental Trust is a registered charity, number 284934.
Top right: An activist paints a giant research laboratories, the Japanese embassy Our Manga style cartoon opposite managed by Greenpeace International, as part of a protest to demand criminal charges are dropped against two activists that are based at Exeter University. face jail for exposing corruption within the whaling industry. ©Bodycombe/Greenpeace Bottom right: The 20th Waveney Fair is held in Suffolk by supporters. It is a successful fundraising event for Greenpeace and helps engage the public in our campaigns.
CANONBURY VILLAS LONDON N1 2PN 020 7865 8100 www.greenpeace.org.uk
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