CORNHILL

1. HERLWINIssue I. Ralph 2II. ROGER III. William- alive in 1130 Ref: Geoffrey de Mandeville- J. Horace Round, Longmans Green, 1892- pp.309-10 Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net 2II. ROGER (HERLWIN 1) m. INGENOLDA d.c.1130 Roger was known as "Roger nepotis Hubertus" indicating that he was either the nephew or grandson of Hubert. So Herlwin either had a father or a brother named Hubert. Roger was joint Sheriff of London in 1125 and went on the Crusade and died in Jerusalem before 1130. Roger was granted the manor of Chalk, Kent which passed to his son Gervase. Another charter metioned that Roger had gone "ad Jerosolima".(1) Issue 3I. GERVASE- b.c.1110, m. AGNES de CORNHILL, d.c.1183  II. AlanRef: (1) Geoffrey de Mandeville- J. Horace Round, Longmans Green, 1892- pp.305-10; see also Duchy of Lancaster charters at the National Archives, Kew- DL 10/26 and DL 10/8 Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net 3I. GERVASE (HERLWIN 1, ROGER 2) b.c.1110 m. AGNES de CORNHILL- d. of Edward de Cornhill and Godeleve, d. of Edward of Southwark d.c.1183 Gervase was originally called Gervase Fitz Roger or Gervasius Fillus Rogeri, but adopted the name of his wife's estate. Gervase Fitz Roger was excused in the Pipe-roll of 1130 of the payment of 2/ in Middlesex for 1127-8 and 7/ for 1128-9 because his land was "waste".(6) He was Sheriff of London 1155-6, a merchant and justiciar in various counties. He was also Sheriff of Surrey from 10 Henry II (1164) until 1183. He was also Sheriff of Kent from 1169 until 1176. In addition he was a creditor to King Stephen's Queen Maud.

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In the records of the Duchy of Lancaster is a grant by William, Archbishop of Canterbury (1123-1136) to land at "Eadintune" to Gervase and Agnes his wife, daughter of Godeleve. By another document relating to this property Godeleve is called the wife of Edward de Cornhill and daughter of Edward of Southwark.(4) Also, land in Gamlingay was granted to "Gervase, Justiciary of London" and was entered in a survey during the reign of King John as held by "the heirs of Gervase de Cornhill". The land is later found in possession of Henry, son and heir of Gervase de Cornhill.(5) Gervase held the mortgage to Langham, Essex from Hugh Tirel which was confirmed to Gervase de Cornhill by Earl Gilbert de Clare as chief lord of the fee although the language implies an actual sale rather than a mortgage: Com. Gilb. de Penbroc omnibus hominibus Francis et Anglis sal. Sciatis me concessisse illam convencionem et vendicio nem quam Hugo Tirell fecit Gervasio de Chorhella de manerio suo de Laingham parte mea. Nam Comes de Clara, ex parte sua illud idem concessit, de cuius feodo predictum manerium movet.(1) This mortgage, or more likely sale, was done probably prior to the Crusade of 1147 in which Hugh took part. After Gervase's death we find Langham in possession of his son Henry de Cornhill.(2) Gervase held property on Ironmonger Lane and King street in St. Martin Pomery, London as Hugh de Neville, Forester of England, was in possession of this property which had once belonged to Gervase. The thirteenth century rentals of St. Paul's cathedral note that St. Paul's had a rent of 2/ due in equal portions at Easter and Michaelmas from land in St. Martin Pomary parish which had belonged to William son of Herlewin and which later belonged successively to Gervase de Cornhill, Hugh de Nevill (through his wife Joan de Cornhill) and John de Neville. This whole area was later destroyed during the Great Fire of London. (3) Gervase was also the witness to several charters.(7) Issue 4I. HENRY- m. ALICE de CURCY, d.c.1193  II. Reginald- Justice Itinerant  III. RalphRef: (1) Lansdown MS. 203, 15 dors.; also Duchy of Lancaster grants- Box A, 157 (2) Duchy of Lancaster- Royal Charters- No. 42 at National Archives-Kew- DL 27/47 (3) Geoffrey de Mandeville: A Study in Anarchy- John Horace Round, Longmans Green, London, 1892- pp. 304-12; The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. IX, pp. 478-84; see Historical Gazetteer of London Before the Great Fire- D.J. Keene, Vanessa Harding, Centre for Metropolitan History, 1987- pp. 118-125; Records of the Exchequer- E 40/2122 (4) Geoffrey de Mandeville: A Study in Anarchy- J.Horace Round, Longmans Green, London, 1892- pp. 304-7 (5) Duchy of Lancaster- Royal Charters- No. 22 (6) Rot. Pipe- 31 Henry I, pp. 150-1 (7) Canterbury Cathedral Archives- CCA-DCC-Chant/B/335; Records of the Exchequer- E 40/1752 Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- p.411 Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net

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4I. HENRY (HERLWIN 1, ROGER, GERVASE 3) m. ALICE de CURCY (m.2. Warin Fitz Gerold (d. 1216)) d.c.1193 Henry was Sheriff of London, Kent and Surrey. He was also chancellor of St. Paul's and had the management of the Mint of England in 3 Richard I.(2) The chancellor of St. Paul's was the master of the schools (magister scolarum) and had charge of them. bachelors degrees were granted and from St. Paul's School came most of the clergy of the diocese, many of the lawyers and judges, sheriffs, mayors, barons and other officials and merchants of London. The school of law seems to have been particularly strong at St. Paul's under the leadership of Henry de Cornhill. On 6 Dec. 1189 Richard the Lionhearted empowered Henry de Cornhill to enclose and impark his woods at Langham on the same day on which he empowered his neighbors the burgesses of Colchester to hunt the fox, the hare and the "cat" within their borders: Sciatis nos dedisse et concessisse Henrico de Cornhell licentiam includendi boscum suum in Lahingeham et faciendi sibi ibidem parcum, et ut liceat illi habere omnes bestias quos poterit ibi includere. (1) Henry held the manor of Wethersfield, Essex which he obtained through his marriage to Alice. This manor then passed to their daughter Joan and to her husband Hugh de Neville.(3) Henry was also involved in the politics of the time and was leader of the aristocratic party that favored Longchamp and his opposition to John as a ursurper. A strong feeling seems to have been raised against him in the city probably on account of his adherence to the hated Longchamp and by his opposition to the farming of the Shrievalty to the citizens. At the end of his term of office there was a debt half of which he owed and he paid at once out of the surplus of his farm in Surrey and from sums owing for arms, cloth, wine, etc. supplied to the King. Given that Henry supplied the crown with wine, cloth, furs, saddles, arms, etc. he was probably the King's butler and chamberlain and succeeded Edward Blund in that office. As soon as Henry had relinquished the office of Sheriff he received on 11 Oct. 1189 a confirmation of the bailiwicks and custodies of all the cities which he held under Henry II except the bailiwick or shrievalty of London (on account of his disfavor with the citizens). And upon the fall of Longchamp, Henry accompanied him on 12 Oct. as he fled to Dover and tried to cross the channel dressed as a woman, but was discovered. Also in 1189 Henry was granted his father's lands which he held on the day of the King's first voyage after his coronation.(5) In 1191 Henry was appointed keeper of the Exchanges of the whole of England except Winchester in which office he had to deal with very large sums of money. Henry died about 1193 when Ralph and Reginald, his brothers, owed 100 marks for having the custodies and bailiwicks which he had held and in 1194 Ralph alone is noted as owing a further 100 marks that the King would receive his account of the debts and goods of his brother. In 1190 in the records of the Duchy of Lancaster is a confirmation for Henry de Cornhill of the grant of Geoffrey de Perche, Count of St. Pol.(4) From the Archives of Canterbury Cathedral is a quit claim from Joan de Cornhill, "wife of Hugh de Neville" and "daughter of Henry de Cornhill" to the prior and convent of Canterbury Cathedral for whatever she holds of the priory's fee in the villa of Walworth and Newington, Surrey. She surrendered any instruments by which she could sell anything in the said villages to the priory. The quitclaim was made for her sould and the soulds of her predecessors. For this the priory paid 80 marks and a palfrey worth 5 marks. Witnesses: Dominus Thomas de Nevill, Philip de Banton, Robert, son of Nigel, Adam Tisun, Henry of Cobham, Philip de Malevill, Robert de Rokel, Henry de Insula,Henry de Sancto Albano, Arnold the Red, William the Cook, John de Esthall.(6)

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Issue 5I. JOAN- m. HUGH de NEVILLE (m.2. Beatrice de Turnham (d.c.1245), d. before 21 July 1234, bur. Waltham, Essex), d. after 1224 Ref: (1) Duchy of Lancaster- Royal Charter- No. 42 at the National Archives- DL 10/42 (2) Biographia Juridica: A Biographical Dictionary of the Judges of England From the Conquest to the Present Time, 1066-1870- Edward Foss, John Murray, London, 1870- p.192 (3) Transactions of the Essex of the Essex Archæological Society- Vol. VIII, New Series- pp. 332-3 (4) National Archives- DL 10/43 (5) Ibid- DL 10/41 (6) Canterbury Cathdral Archives- CCA- DCc- ChAnt/W/85; also W/80 London: Its Origin and Early Development- William Page, Constable & Co., London, 1923- pp.108, 111, 151, 170, 205, 207, 242-6 Geoffrey de Mandeville- J. Horace Round, Longmans Green, 1892- pp.304-12 Domesday Descendants- K.S.B. Keats-Rohan, Boydell Press, 2002- pp.411, 428 English Baronies - I.J. Sanders, Oxford University Press, 1963- p. 143 The Complete Peerage - St. Catherine Press, London- Vol. IX, p. 480 Tim Powys-Lybbe's web page at: http://www.tim.ukpub.net

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