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CONTENTS

Preface

xi

Activities by Forms: Beginning and Intermediate Levels

A. Greetings and Hangul


1.

Greetings and Introductions

2.

Korean Alphabet

B. Sentence Endings
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

~ (you see; because)

13

~ (change or turn of events)

17

~ (causative)

18

~ (purpose of a request)

20

~ (announcement)

22

~ / (expressing desire)

23

~ (the progressive form)

27

~ (begin to)

30

9.

~() / (it is easy/difficult to . . .)

31

10. ~ (do . . . but)

33

11. ~ (sometimes . . . to . . .)

34

12. ~ (plan to/decide to)

34

13. ~ (exclamation)

36

14. ~ (in the process/middle of)

38

15. ~/ (the plain style ending)

40

iv

Contents

16. ~ , ~/ () , ~() ,
~ (indirect quotation)

42

17. ~/()? (confirming information


that the speaker heard)

44

18. ~/() (hearsay)

46

19. ~ (reports the speakers past experience)

49

20. ~ (indicates the speakers background experience)

50

21. ~/, ~/? (the deferential style ending)

52

22. ~/ (the intimate style ending)

56

23. ~/ (giving and offering)

57

24. ~/ (do completely, get done)

61

25. ~/ (try doing)

63

26. ~/ (someone/something appears/looks)

68

27. ~/ / (past experience)

69

28. ~/ (In the state of being . . .)

71

29. ~/ (the benefactive expression)

74

30. ~/() (to be . . . to death)

79

31. ~/ / (expressing obligation or necessity)

80

32. ~/ (do not know


what to /where to/when to . . .)

85

33. ~/ (the polite style ending)

86

34. ~/ (change of state: become, get to be)

89

35. ~/ (signals a feeling)

92

36. ~/ (expressions of permission)

93

37. ~/ (have to, be supposed to)

96

38. ~/, ~, ~/ (indicates surprised realization)

97

39. ~() ? (How long has it been since . . . ?)


~() time span (/) (It has been . . . since . . .)

98

40. ~()/~/~() (it appears/looks like)

99

41. ~()/ / (the fact is/what happens is)

100

42. ~()/ (to pretend)

101

43. ~()/ (it is more the case of . . . than the other)

103

44. ~()//() (it seems/looks like)

105

45. ~()//() /
(I thought/didnt know (expect) that . . . )

108

Contents

46. ~()/ (the sentence ending)

110

47. ~()/ / (know/dont know


whether [what/who/where/when] . . .)

112

48. ~() /~ (it seems that; I guess)

114

49. ~() (probability)

115

50. ~() (almost happened)

121

51. ~() / (potential)

122

52. ~() / (know/dont know how to . . .)

126

53. ~() (willingness)

127

54. ~() (be thinking of)

130

55. ~() (I am [we are] thinking of ~ing)

131

56. ~()? (Shall I/we . . . ? Do you think . . . ?)

135

57. ~() (intention)

138

58. ~() (intend to)

141

59. ~() (All one has to do is . . .; All one needs is . . .)

143

60. ~() (expressions of prohibition)

146

61. ~() (expressing the speakers wish)

148

62. ~() (the honorific ending)

149

63. ~ (You know [assuming agreement])

152

64. ~ (Negative commands: please dont)

153

65. ~ (cannot, not be able to)

156

66. ~ (do not)

158

67. ~ (emphasis/suggestion)

160

68. ~? (seeking agreement [tag question])

161

C. Clausal Connectives
1.

~ (or)

165

2.

~ (and)

166

3.

~ (after)

169

4.

~ (reason)

173

5.

~ () (in order to)

174

6.

~ (before ~ing)

175

7.

~ (as a result of/while/because of ~ing)

179

vi

Contents

8.

~ (the noun-modifying form for verbs)

181

9.

~ (while, during)

186

10. ~ (transference of an action/state to another)

187

11. ~ (Noun modifying form used to)

189

12. ~ ~ ~ ~ (listing actions)

190

13. ~/ (having ~en, because/since; completion)

192

14. ~/ (cause)

194

15. ~/ (sequential)

197

16. ~/() (express change in momentum)

199

17. ~/ (I did . . . , and then what I came to experience was)

201

18. ~() (the noun-modifying form for adjectives)

201

19. ~() (the noun-modifying form for verbs [past])

205

20. ~()//() (the noun-modifying forms)

207

21. ~()/ (background information)

209

22. ~()/ (despite/even though/if)

213

23. ~() / (after doing [something])

213

24. ~() (expressing a reason; temporal sequence)

215

25. ~() (the noun-modifying form [prospective])

219

26. ~() (when)

221

27. ~() (expresses the speakers assumed reasons)

223

28. ~() (indicates an event presumed to have happened)

225

29. ~() (in order to)

228

30. ~() (intending to)

229

31. ~() (in order to)

231

32. ~() (the conditional: if, when)

233

33. ~() ~() (the more the more)

237

34. ~() 1 (while ~ing)

238

35. ~() 2 (indicates a compliant, criticism, or disapproval)

242

36. ~() (if it were/is; if you mean to say)

242

37. ~() (because [noun] am/ are/ is . . . , [cause])

243

38. ~ (as soon as; immediately after)

245

39. ~ (but)

246

Contents

vii

D. Other Suxes
1.

~ (the adverbial form)

249

2.

~ (conjecture)

251

3.

~ (intention)

252

4.

~ (the nominalizer)

254

5.

~ ([an act of] ~ing)

256

6.

~/ (simple past)

259

7.

~// (remote past)

264

8.

~() (the subject honorific)

265

9.

~/~/~/~ (passive construction)

268

10. ~/~/~/~/~ (causative)

269

E. Particles
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.

vs. / (comparing items)

271

(nothing but, only)

273

() (the comparative: more than)

275

~ (from [time A] to/until [time B])

279

(locative, goal)

282

(for, per)

285

(time)

289

(locative)

290

~ (from [place A] to [place B])

294

() (by means of N)

295

() (direction)

297

/ (topic particle)

300

/ (object particle)

302

(expressing possessive relations)

305

() (or)

307

() (just, or something)

309

/ (the subject particle)

310

(joining nouns)

312

/ vs. ; vs. (goal or source)

318

viii

Contents

F. Miscellaneous
1.

Alternative questions

2.

Basic sentence pattern 1:

322

/ ~/ vs. / (/)

322

3.

Basic sentence pattern 2: / (/) ~/

327

4.

Compound verbs

329

5.

Honorific expressions

331

6.

Indefinite pronouns

335

7.

Irregular predicates in

355

8.

Irregular predicates in

336

9.

Irregular predicates in

338

10. Irregular predicates in

339

11. Irregular predicates in

341

12. Irregular predicates in

341

13. Negative questions

344

14. Noun counters

346

15. Numbers

349

16. Omission of particles

354

17. Omission of redundant elements

355

18. Using a title or a name instead of you

356

19. Verbs vs. adjectives

357

20. Vowel contraction

357

21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.

Yes-no questions

358

(therefore, so)

360

(however, but)

361

(however, but)

364

(and)

365

(at the time of)

368

(because of)

369

(not N1 but N2)

371

vs. (negation)

372

and (what [kind of] N and which N)

374

(negative not particularly, not really)

375

(the negative adverb)

377

Contents

ix

33. () (It is N)

378

34. // and // (demonstrative expressions)


35. / (expresses possession)
36. vs.

379
381
383

Advanced Level: Activities by Skills

G. Vocabulary-Oriented Activities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

(VC, SP)

388

(VC, SP)

389

(VC, SP)

390

(VC, RD)

391

(VC, RD)

392

(VC)

393

H. Speaking-Listening-Oriented Activities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.

. . . (SP, LS)

395

. (SP, LS, WR)

396

(LD)

397

(LS)

398

(SP)

400

(SP)

401

(SP, LS)

403

(SP)

403

(SP, LS)

404

(SP)

405

(SP)

406

(PRJ)

407

Contents

I. Reading-Oriented Activities
1.
2.
3.
4.

(RD, WR)

409

(RD, SP, WR)

410

(RD, SP)

411

(RD, SP, LS)

412

J. Writing-Oriented Activities
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.

? (WR)

414

(PRJ, RD, WR)

415

(WR, LS, SP)

416

(WR, SP)

417

(RD, LS, WR)

417

(RD, WR, SP)

418

(SP, LS, WR)

419

? (WR, SP)

421

(WR)

422

? (WR)

423

(WR)

424

12. (SP, LS)

426

Preface
A Resource for Korean Grammar Instruction accompanies the KLEAR Integrated
Korean, Beginning and Intermediate textbooks. On par with the main grammar points
included in these textbooks, this book contains nearly 1,000 activities on 160 grammar patterns/topics for comprehensive grammar instruction with an interactive
approach. In addition, around 40 practical activities and lesson ideas for advanced
levels are included in this volume. This book includes the most commonly used
grammar patterns for beginning and intermediate levels, all sorted in alphabetical
order. Furthermore, the advanced-level activities have been sorted by skill orientation (e.g., speaking-oriented, reading-oriented, etc.). For this reason, the Resource
can be used along with any Korean-language textbook published in Korea, or
anywhere else.
This book is designed for instructors who teach Korean as a foreign language in college and secondary schools as well as community schools (or even private tutoring). The easy-to-use grammar activities provide practical guidelines for
new teachers as well as experienced teachers of Korean. Activities in this volume
reflect the current trend among Korean-language learners in U.S. universities. Traditionally, the primary Korean-language learners in U.S. universities were students
of Korean heritage. In recent years, however, the number of non-heritage learners
has increased, and thus, to meet their needs, activities with different degrees of
difficulty are provided for each grammar pattern/topic so that instructors can select
activities that are most suitable to their students needs.
A Resource for Korean Grammar Instruction has been divided into two main
parts: (1) activities by forms for the beginning and intermediate levels, and (2)
activities by skills for the advanced level. The first part includes: greetings and
Hangul, sentence endings, clausal endings, other suffixes, particles, and more. The
second part includes: vocabulary-oriented activities, speaking/listening-oriented
activities, reading-oriented activities, and writing-oriented activities.
Supplementary instructional materials, such as Powerpoint presentations,
video clips, photos and images, and sample quizzes are available for download at
http://kleartextbook.com under the Instructor section. After a simple login, all
supplementary materials can be downloaded for free and modified as desired.