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Absolute Beginner S1
The Brazilian Stare

18

Portuguese
English
Vocabulary
Phrase Usage
Grammar Points
Cultural Insight

2
2
2
3
3
4

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Portuguese
Luciana

H quanto tempo voc t aqui em So Paulo?

Joseph

Faz trs horas que t aqui.

Luciana

E onde esto seus amigos?

Joseph

No sei. Atrasados como sempre.

English
Luciana

How long have you been here in So Paulo?

Joseph

It's been three hours that I've been here.

Luciana

And where are your friends?

Joseph

I don't know. Late as always.

Vocabulary
Portuguese

English

Class

tempo

weather, time

noun

atrasado

late

adjective

estar

to be

verb

esto

are, they are, you are

verb

amigo

friend

noun

Vocabulary Sample Sentences


Voc viu a previso do tempo hoje?
Eu estou atrasado!

LC: ABS_S1L18_031511

Did you watch the weather forecast today?


"I'm late!"

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2011-03-15

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Aqui est bem.


Eles esto al.
Eles so amigos.
Elas so minhas amigas.

"Here is good."
"They are just over there."
"They are friends."
"They are my friends."

Vocabulary Phrase Usage


"T T"
We used the words t and t in this lesson. You will not find these words in even the best dictionaries,
but you will hear them in almost every conversation. In other lessons, we've learned that verbs change
in time and person according to specific patterns. Changing verbs in this way is what we call
conjugation. Estou and est are conjugated forms of the verb estar. Eu estou means "I am," and Voc
est means "you are." In conversation, Brazilians have shortened these two phrases to simply t and t.
T is a commonly used, shortened form of est. Any time we could use the word est in casual
conversation, we can substitute t without any loss of meaning or understanding. In situations where
you need to show more respect, like to your girlfriend's parents, it's better to say est.

Portuguese
Onde voc est?
Onde t?

Formal
Casual

English
"Where are you?"
"Where are you?"

Grammar Points
The Focus of This Lesson is the verb estar
E onde esto seu amigos?
"And where are your friends?"
We use the estar verb in 'active' sentences and not in equative sentences. In other words, we use estar
to describe the condition of something. For Example: Ela est doente "She is sick." Or to tell the
location of things that can move. For Example: Ele est em casa "He is at home." This is telling his
current location, but he could move at any time.

LC: ABS_S1L18_031511

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2011-03-15

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Further Examples: O carro est na garagem "The car is in the garage."


Voc est na escola "You are at school."
Estar
Singular
estou
est

Plural
estamos
esto

Cultural Insight
Look Them in the Eye.

When two English speakers talk together, usually the person who is listening looks away and the
person who is talking looks at the listener. Brazilians often look in each other's eyes whether they are
talking or listening. This can be a little unnerving at first, but it isn't an intense, direct stare. More like
gentle paying attention.

LC: ABS_S1L18_031511

www.PortuguesePod101.com - All Rights Reserved

2011-03-15