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Name: Jamie Rose N.

Pacete
Exercise 2: Skeletal Muscle Physiology: Activity 1: The Muscle Twitch and the Latent Period Lab Report
Pre-lab Quiz Results
You scored 80% by answering 4 out of 5 questions correctly.
1. Skeletal muscles are connected to bones by
You correctly answered: b. tendons.
2. Skeletal muscles are composed of hundreds to thousands of individual cells called
Your answer : b. myofibrils.
Correct answer: c. fibers.
3. The term motor unit refers to
You correctly answered: c. one motor neuron and all of the skeletal muscle fibers it innervates.
4. The motor neuron and muscle fiber intersect at what is called
You correctly answered: d. the neuromuscular junction.
5. A twitch is
You correctly answered: a. one contractile response to a single action potential.

08/31/15

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0 0.04 1.82 Latent Period ------2. Correct answer: b.0 0.04 1.80 2.80 2.0 0. Stop & Think Questions: What is the period of time that elapses between the generation of an action potential and the start of muscle tension development in a muscle fiber? You correctly answered: c.80 2.0 10.32 1.80 .0 1.0 4.81 1. No.0 8.81 1.65 1.Experiment Results Predict Question: Predict Question: Will changes to the stimulus voltage alter the duration of the latent period? Your answer : b. the latent period What occurs during the latent period of these isometric contractions? Your answer : c. Experiment Data: Voltage 0.0 6. All the steps of excitation-contraction coupling occur. Muscle fiber cross bridges are cycling at sub-maximal rates. changing the stimulus voltage will not change the latent period duration.0 3.0 0.82 Passive Force 0.0 1.0 08/31/15 page 2 Total Force 0.0 0.32 1.0 Length 75 75 75 75 75 75 Active Force 0.65 1.

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Which of the following correctly matches the twitch phase with its definition? You correctly answered: d. hyperpolarization phase 5. 6. 1.Post-lab Quiz Results You scored 100% by answering 6 out of 6 questions correctly. acetylcholine 2. the contraction phase: the time between the end of the latent period and peak muscle tension 08/31/15 page 5 . 3. The graded depolarization in the skeletal muscle fiber that is elicited in response to one action potential from the motor neuron is called You correctly answered: c. A skeletal muscle twitch is You correctly answered: a. The term skeletal muscle fiber refers to You correctly answered: a. An action potential in a motor neuron triggers the release of which neurotransmitter? You correctly answered: b. 4. one contractile response to a single action potential. an EPP (end-plate potential). Which of the following is not a phase of a skeletal muscle twitch? You correctly answered: b. an individual skeletal muscle cell.

Describe the three phases of a skeletal muscle twitch. The contraction phase starts at the end of the latent period and ends when muscle tension peaks. electrical stimulus. do sodium ions start to move into or out of the cell to bring about the membrane depolarization? Your answer: During membrane depolariation. The relaxation phase is the period of time from peak tension until the end of the muscle contraction. Your answer: Skeletal muscle fiber or myofiber is a multinucleated. skeletal muscle twitch. Does the duration of the latent period change with different stimulus voltages? How well did the results compare with your prediction? Your answer: No. motor unit. 2. Ca2+ entering the cell via L-type Ca2+ channels also can activate the Ca2+-release channels. 4. It is the smallest contractile unit of skeletal muscle. sodium ions move into the cell. What is the role of acetylcholine in a skeletal muscle contraction? Your answer: Acetylcholine binds to the nicotinic receptor and this binding gives rise to a graded depolarizing end-plate potential. Your answer: 1. Latent period is the period of time that elapses between the generation of an action potential in a muscle cell and the start of muscle contraction. elongated cell. 5. 2.Review Sheet Results 1. Your answer: The latent period is the period of time that elapses between the generation of an action potential in a muscle celland the start of muscle contraction. Ca2+ exits the SR via the Ca2+-release channel and activates troponin C. Mechanical coupling between the L-type Ca2+ channel and the Ca2+-release channel causes the Ca2+-release channel to open 3. My predcition was correct. 6. However. Membrane depolarization opens the L-type Ca2+ channel. this pathway is not essential in skeletal muscle. Define the terms skeletal muscle fiber. and latent period. Electrical stimulus is an experimental alternative for acetylcholine that will trigger an action potental that will result to a muscle twitch. Describe the process of excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle fibers. 08/31/15 page 6 . Skeletal muscle twitch is the mechanical response of a skeletal muscle to a single action potential. changing the stimulus voltage will not change the latent period duration. At the threshold stimulus. An end-plate potential triggers a series of events that results in the contraction of the muscle. 3. 4. leading to muscle contraction.