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RAFFLES INSTITUTION

2014 YEAR 6 PRELIMINARY


EXAMINATION
Qn.
[Marks]
1

Solution
f ( x)

[4]

x 2 ax b
b
xa
x
x

f '( x) 1

b
0 x b
x2

x-intercepts

b ,0 and b ,0
y

b, 0

b, 0

x=0
2(i)
[2]

Using G.C.
n6

u6 1.0817 1

n7

u7 0.71334 1

Least n 7
(ii)

Since un 20 for all values of n , then

[2]

1
5
20

20 r(20) 1
r
20 4

100
1

100

(iii)

4
l
As n , un l and un 1 l , l l 1

3 100

[2]

l 0 (N.A.) or

4
l
1
1
3 100
l 25

MATHEMATICS PAPER 1
(9740 / 1)
Higher 2

Qn.
[Marks]
3(i)
[3]

Solution

f ( x) 1 x 1 x 2

2 2 2 3 4
1 x 1
x
x
1!
2!

1 x 1 2 x 2 3 x 4

1 x 2 x 2 2 x3 3x 4
(ii)

Observe that

[3]

1 x

2 2

2 x 2 2 3 x 4
1!

2!

2 3
r!

the coefficient of x 2 r 1 is 1 (r 1) 1
r

(r 1)

1 (r 1) x 2 r

1 2 x 2 3x 4
Since f ( x) 1 x 1 x 2

r 1

(r 1).

Let Pn be the statement

[4]

sin(2rx)sin x sin nx sin(n 1) x for n

r 1

L.H.S. = sin(2rx)sin x sin 2 x sin x

When n = 1,

r 1

R.H.S. = sin x sin 2 x


L.H.S. = R.H.S.

Hence P1

is

true.

Assume Pk is true for some k

i.e.

sin(2rx)sin x sin kx sin(k 1) x


r 1

To prove that Pk 1 is true,


k 1

i.e.

sin(2rx)sin x sin k 1 x sin k 2 x


r 1

k 1

L.H.S.

= sin(2rx)sin x
r 1
k

sin(2rx )sin x sin 2(k 1) x sin x


r 1

sin kx sin(k 1) x sin 2(k 1) x sin x

sin kx sin(k 1) x 2sin(k 1) x cos(k 1) x sin x


2

x2r

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution

sin(k 1) x sin kx 2cos(k 1) x sin x


sin(k 1) x sin kx sin(k 2) x sin kx

sin k 2 x sin k 1 x R.H.S.


OR
k 1

L.H.S. sin(2rx )sin x


r 1
k

sin(2rx)sin x sin 2(k 1) x sin x


r 1

sin kx sin(k 1) x sin 2(k 1) x sin x

1
1
cos(2k 1) x cos x cos(2k 3) x cos(2k 1) x
2
2

1
cos(2k 3) x cos x
2

1
2k 3 1
2k 3 1
2sin
x sin
x
2
2
2

sin k 2 x sin k 1 x
= R.H.S.
Hence Pk is true Pk 1 is true, and since P1 is true, by mathematical
induction , Pn is true for all n

[3]

sin 3x sin 4 x
dx

sin x
2

sin(2rx) dx.

r 1

sin 2 x sin 4 x sin 6 x dx.

1
1
1
2
= cos 2 x cos 4 x cos6 x
4
6
2

1
1
1
1
1 0 1 1 1 0 =
6
2
4
6

Qn.
[Marks]
5

Solution
Equation of the new curve is y 3

[4]

1
.
2x 1

(0, 4)

[4]
y

y
(0, 4)

(0, 4)

y=3

y=3

From the graph, for f ( x) f x , x


6(i)
[1]
(ii)
[2]

1
1
2
or
x .
2
2
3

b
represents the length of projection of OA onto OB.
b
2

3a b 102 100
2
2
9 a b 6a b 100
6a b 9(3)2 (5) 2 100 6

Therefore a b 1.
(iii)
[2]

Let N be the foot of the perpendicular from A to the line OB.


ON a

b 1
.
b 5

Using Pythagoras Theorem,

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution
2

1 224
AN OA ON 3
.
25
5
2

AN

224 4

14 2.9933 2.99 (3sf).


25 5

1
Area of triangle OAB OB AN 2 14 7.48 (3sf).
2

(iv)

(a 2b) a k (2a 3b) a for some constant k.

[4]

Now, a 0, b 0 and a b 1 a b , so a and b are non-zero and


non-parallel vectors.

( 1)a 2b ka 3kb
( 1 k )a (3k 2)b
Hence 3k 2 0 k
7(a)

2
5
and k 1 .
3
3

C1 is a circle centred at (0,0) with radius 5.

[2]

C2 :

x2
y2

1 is an ellipse centred at (0,0) with length of the


100
100
a
b
10
10
) and vertical axis 2( ) .
horizontal axis 2(
a
b

Note : a b length of the horizontal axis > length of vertical axis


To get 4 points of intersection, we need :

10
10
5 0 a 4 and
5b 4
a
b
OR

x2 y 2
x2
y2

1.
1 with C2 :
Compare C1 : x y 25
100
100
25 25
a
b
2

For them to intersects at 4 points,


100
100
25 and
25
b
a

b 4 and 0 a 4 since a 0 is given.

Qn.
[Marks]
(b)
[3]

Solution

x 2 y 2 25

C1 :

x2
y2
C2 : 2
10
10
3

y 25 x 2
100 x 2
y
3

C1 and C2 intersect at x 3.9528 (5 s.f.) (from GC)


Thus area of the required region

3.9528 100 x 2

3.9528
2
dx
25 x 2 dx
10
5
3

22.3 (3 s.f.)
OR
x 2 y 2 25

C1 :

C2 : x 2 9 y 2 100

x 25 y 2

x 100 9 y 2

C1 and C2 intersect at y 3.0619 (5 s.f.) (from GC)


Thus area of the required region
2
0

3.0619

100 9 y 2 25 y 2 dy

22.3 (3 s.f.)

(c)
[4]

x 2 y 2 25

C1 :
C2 :

x2
y2

102 10
2

Required Volume
5
4
3
x 2 dy 5
5
3

100 4 y dy 500
3
2

x 2 25 y 2
x 2 100 4 y 2

Note :

4
3
5 is the volume of sphere
3
formed when rotating the circle

4
500

100 y y 3

3 5
3

about the y axis.

500
500 500

500

500

3
3
3

500

Qn.
[Marks]
8(a)

Solution

z4 8 3 i 0

[6]

z4 8 3 i
5

16 e 6

2k i
6

16 e

5 1
k i
24 2

z 2e

Im

, k 0 , 1 , 2

2 e 24 i
7

w2 aw * b 0

(b)
[6]

Re

w aw * b * 0*
w * aw * * b* 0
2

w *2 a w * * b 0 , a* a and b* b since a
real.
2
Hence, w* is a root of z az * b 0 .

z 2 6 z * 9 0

x iy 2 6 x iy 9 0
x 2 y 2 2ixy 6 x 6iy 9 0
x 2 y 2 6 x 9 2 y x 3 i 0
Compare imaginary parts, y 0 or x 3 .

Consider real parts:


2
When y 0 , x 6 x 9 0 which gives x 3

When x 3 , 32 y 2 18 9 0 giving y 6
Hence z 3 , 3 6i , 3 6i

and b are

Qn.
[Marks]
9 (i)
[3]

Solution

5
0
5



OA 0 , OC 3 , OR 3 , so
0
0
2



0 5 6

n AR CR 3 0 10 .
2 2 15

6 5 6

Therefore 1 : r 10 0 10 30.
15 0 15

(ii)
[2]

The angle between

1
is cos

0

and the horizontal base, which has normal 0 ,
1

6 0


10 . 0
15 1
15


cos 1
142.136 .
36 100 225 0 0 1
19

The acute angle is 180 142.136 37.9 . (1 dec. pl.)


(iii)

By symmetry, the acute angle between 2 and the horizontal base is

[1]

also 37.864 Hence the angle between 1 and 2 is 2(37.864 ) =

75.7 (1 dec. pl.).


(iv)
[3]

0
0
0

OP 0 , OS 3 , SP 3 , therefore
2
2
0



0
0 0
OX OS SX 3 3 3(1 ) .
2
0 2

l XY :

l XY :

5

r OY XY , , and with OY 2 ,
1

5
5
r 2 3 1 , .
1
1

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution
5
r 3 , .
2

Clearly lOR :
(v)
[4]

When the lines XY and OR intersect,


5 5

2 1

3 2 3 1 .

Therefore,

1
3 2 (3 1)
2 1
Solving gives

1
2
1
, and .
3
3
3

OW OR, so OW : OR 2 : 3.
10(i)
[3]

Since x tan , y sec and tan2 1 sec2

x 2 1 y 2 for x 0 and y 1
y
C

x
(ii)

[7]

Q cot ,0

x tan , y sec ;

dy sec tan tan

sin
dx
sec2
sec

Equation of tangent at P is y sec sin x tan

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution
At Q , 0 sec sin x tan .

sin
1
sin 2 1
cos 2
x

cos sin cos sin cos


sin cos
x cot
Tangent at P intersects x-axis at Q cot ,0

Equation of normal at P is y sec


At R , 0 sec

1
x tan
sin

1
x tan
sin

sin
tan 2 tan
cos

Normal at P intersects x-axis at R 2 tan ,0


Triangle PQR is a right-angled triangle in circle, so QR is a diameter.
2 tan cot
QR
A


2
2

1/ tan

tan

A tan
[shown]
2 tan

(iii)
[2]

1
1
1

2
2
t 2 t 1 2 2 t 1 2
4t
4t
2t
2

t 0
2t

[1]

For 0

, t tan > 0

So minimizing A tan
over 0 is equivalent to
2
2 tan

minimizing A t for t 0
2t
2

A tan
2 from above result.
2 tan

Hence the minimum value of A = 2

10

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution

11(i)
When x = 0,
[1]
(ii)

d2 y
d2 y

1
y and y 1 when x 0 )
.
(since
dx 2
dx 2

Differentiating (1) with respect to x twice gives

[2]

d3 y
dy

3
dx
dx

and

d4 y
d2 y

.
dx 4
dx 2

d2 y
dy
1 [from (i)]
When x 0,
1 (given) and
dx
dx 2
Hence, when x 0,

d3 y
d4 y
1 and 4 1.
dx3
dx

Maclaurins theorem gives

1 1 1 2 1 2 1 4
x x x x
1!
2!
3!
4!
1 2 1 3 1 4
y 1 x x x x
2
6
24
y 1

(iii)

Differentiating

[4]

dy
u implicitly with respect to x gives
dx

d 2 y 1 1 du

dx 2 2 u dx

1 dx du
2 dy dx

Hence,

(since

1
dx
dy
d2 y
=
)
y and
u
2
dx
dx
u dy

du
2 y. (shown)
dy

Alternative Method
2

dy
dy
u u .
dx
dx
2

dy
Differentiating u implicitly with respect to x gives
dx
2
du
du dx
du
dy d y
2 y. (shown)

2( y )
2
2
dy
dx dy
dx
dx dx

Integrating

du
2 y with respect to y gives
dy

u 2 y dy y 2 A, where A is an arbitrary constant.

11

Qn.
[Marks]

Solution
Using u 1 when y 1, we have A 2,
Hence, u 2 y 2 .

(iv)

Substituting u 2 y 2 into

[4]

dy
u gives
dx

dy
2 y2 ,
dx

which we can integrate via

dy
1
2 y 2 dx
1
dy 1dx

2 y2
y
sin 1
xB
2
y 2 sin x B , where B is an arbitrary constant
Using y 1 when x 0, we have B sin 1

1
.
2 4

Hence y 2 sin x , i.e. P 2 and Q .


4
4

(v)
[2]

y 2 sin x
4

2 sin x cos cos x sin


4
4

sin x cos x (since cos

= sin

x2 x4
x3
x 1
3!
2! 4!


2
3
4
x
x
x
1 x

2 6 24

1
)
2

(from MF15)

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