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Archaeology 1

Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

Archaeological Studies Program


Albert Hall, Lakandula St
UP Diliman
Archaeology 1
Course Instructor: Dr. Grace Barretto-Tesoro
First Semester 2015-2016
Course Description: Ang kursong ito ay tatalakayin ang kasaysayan ng Pilipinas mula sa mga datos na
makukuha sa archaeology.
Layunin ng kurso
1. Matutuhan ang kasaysayan ng Pilipinas sa pamamagitan ng archaeology
2. Ipaaam kung ano ang mga pambansang kultural na yaman ng Pilipinas
3. Ipaalam sa mga mag-aaral ang mga ibat ibang uri ng artefacts at sites sa Pilipinas
4. Ipakilala ang mga gawain ng Pambansang Museo at UP-ASP
5. Ipagbunyagi ang nasyonalismo sa pamamagitan ng archaeology
6. Ipagmalaki ang Pilipinas dahil sa angking kasaysayan at archaeology nito
Requirements:
1. 3-4 Quizzes (20%)
2. Final exam (20%)
3. Sand Box (20%)
4. Project (20%)
5. Attendance (10%)
6. Others (reaction papers) (10%)
7. Optional (10%)
a. Attendance sa Binalot Talks (kada Miyerkules maliban pag holidays mula 11.30am hanggang
1pm, Seminar Room 2, Albert Hall). Kailangang magpasa ng one-page reaction paper na
nakasulat sa Pilipino (10pts/paper). Ang Binalot reaction papers ay dapat ipasa sa Biyernes
pagkatapos ng Binalot Talk. Hindi ako tumatanggap ng late na papel
b. Optional din ang field trip. May1-2 na field trip sa klaseng ito.
Grading system: Kinakailangang makakuha ang mag-aaral ng hindi baba sa 75% upang makapasa sa klaseng
ito. Hindi ako nagbabago ng final na grade. Wala din akong binibigay ng special assignment para tumaas ang
grado.
Kailangan magsubmit ng index card 3.5 size na may ID photo, pangalan, pangalan ng highschool kung saan
nagtapos.
Ang final exam ay kadalasang ay sa huling araw ng klase.
Consultation hours: By appointment. Pakiemail mdbarretto@upd.edu.ph
Course outline:
1. Introduction
2. Ano ang archaeology at ang kaugnayan nito sa kasaysayan?
3. Maikling kasaysayan ng archaeology sa Pilipinas
4. Ano ang malalaman natin mula sa archaeology ng Pilipinas
Articles for discussion and reports:
Overview
1. Bacus, E. 2004. The Archaeology of the Philippine Archipelago. In Southeast Asia From prehistory to
history (ed.) I. Glover and P. Bellwood. Abingdon and New York: RoutledgeCurzon.

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

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Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2013. The Changing Meanings of Objects: Calatagan and Archaeological Research
in the Philippines. Philippine Studies Historical and Ethnographic Viewpoints 61:263-96.*
Beyer, H.O. 1947. Outline Review of Philippine Archaeology by Islands and Provinces. Philippine
Journal of Science 77, 205-374.
Dizon, E. 1994. A decade of archaeological research in the Philippines, 1982-1992. Philippine
Quarterly of Culture and Society 22:197-222.*
Evangelista, A. 1961. Philippines. Asian Perspectives 5, 67-70.*
Fox, R.B. 1967. Pre-history of the Philippines. Aspects of Philippine Culture
Hutterer, K. L. 1987. Philippine Archaeology: Status and Prospects. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies
18:236-249.
Janse, O.R.T. 1947. Archeology of the Philippine Islands. Smithsonian Report for 1946 3883, 345-360.
Mijares, A. 1998. Philippine Archaeology in Retrospect. HUKAY 1.1:5-16.*
Paz, V. J. 2003. Terms to ponder for a Southeast Asian Archaeologist, in Proceedings of the Society of
Philippine Archaeologists Semantics and Systematics in Philippine Archaeology, pp. 1-12. Manila:
Katipunan Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc.*
Ronquillo, W. P. 1998. Pioneers in Philippine Archaeology, in Kasaysayan : The Earliest Filipinos, vol.
2, pp. 28-29. Hongkong: Asia Publishing Company Limited.*
Ronquillo, W. P. 1985. Archaeological Research in the Philippines, 1951-1983. Bulletin of the IndoPacific Prehistory Association 6:74-88.*
Santiago, A. 2001. Theoretical Development in Philippine Archaeology. HUKAY 3:1-26.*
Scott, W. H. 1984. Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History. Quezon City: New
Day Publishers.*
Solheim II, W. G. 1999. Southeast Asian Prehistory in Relation to the Philippines. HUKAY 2:54-65.
Patane, E. 1972. The Philippines in the World of Southeast Asia. Quezon City: Enterprise Publications,
Inc.
Patane, E. 1996. The Philippines in the 6th to 16th centuries. Quezon City: EP Patane.
Evangelista, A. E. 2001. Soul Boats: A Filipino Journey of Self-Discovery. Manila: National Commission
for Culture and the Arts.
Paz, V. 2009. A Periodization for a History of Archaeology in the Philippines. Proceedings of the
Society of Philippine Archaeologists 7:1-16. *
Mijares, A. S., and Florent Dtroit, Philip Piper, Peter Bellwood, Rainer Grn, Maxime Aubert, Nida
Cuevas, Alexandra De Leon, and Eusebio Dizon. 2010. New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human
presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. .*
Fuentes, R. 2010. Formation Processes in Dating: How do Formation Processes Affect the
Establishment of Time Depth? Test Pit 16:17-21.
Salazar, Zeus A. Kasaysayan ng Kapilipinuhan: Bagong Balangkas. Quezon City: Bagong Kasaysayan,
2004.*
Tan, Michael L. Philippine Anthropology in a Post-Anthropology Age. In Philippine Social Science
Discourses, edited by Jorge V. Tigno, 7-23. Quezon City: University of the Philippines-College of Social
Sciences and Philosophy, 2010.*

Palaeolithic and Neolithic


1. Paz, V. J. 2004. Addressing the Redefinition of the Palaeolithic and the Neolithic in the Philippines.
Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists, Manila, 2004, pp. 1-14 2.*
2. Paz, Victor J. Rethinking the Philippine Neolithic. In Philippines: An Archipelago of Exchange, edited
by Constance de Monbrison, and Corazon S. Alvina, 50-57. Paris: Muse du quai Branly, 2013.
3. Fox, R. 1970. The Tabon Caves: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan Island,
Philippines. Monograph of the National Museum #1. Manila: National Museum. Chapter IV
4. Chapter 2: Man comes to the Archipelago, Kasaysayan Volume 2.*
5. Chapter 3: Corridor to the Archipelago, Kasaysayan Volume 2. *
6. Chapter 18, The Austronesian Connection, Kasaysayan Volume 2 *
7. Scott, W. H. 1984. Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Revised edition.
Quezon City: New Day. (Chapter 1)*
8. Dizon, E. Z. 2003. New Direct Dating of the Human Fossils from Tabon Cave, Palawan, Philippines.
Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 1:63-67.*

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
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Dela Torre, A. and N.T. Cuevas. 2003. A Glimpse of the Sugbuanon Past. Proceedings of the Society of
Philippine Archaeologists 1:115-122.
Tabbada, K. A., Jean Trejaut, Jun-Hun Loo, Yao-Ming Chen, Marie Lin, Marta Mirazon-Lahr, Toomas
Kivisild, Maria Corazon A. De Ungria. 2009. Philippine Mitochondrial DNA Diversity: A Populated
Viaduct between Taiwan and Indonesia? Mol. Biol. Evol 27:21-31.*
Mijares, A. S., and Florent Dtroit, Philip Piper, Peter Bellwood, Rainer Grn, Maxime Aubert, Nida
Cuevas, Alexandra De Leon, and Eusebio Dizon. 2010. New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human
presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. *
Bellwood, P., and E. Dizon. Editors. 2013. 4000 Years of Migration and Cultural Exchange: The
Archaeology of the Batanes Islands, Northern Philippines. Terra Australis 40. Canberra: Australian
National University E-Press.
Benitez-Johannot, Purissima. 2011. Paths of Origins: The Austronesian Heritage' - In the collections
of the National Museum of the Philippines, The National Museum of Indonesia and The Netherlands
Rijksmuseum voor Vlkenkunde. . Manila: ArtPostAsia Pte Ltd.

Historical archaeology
1. Belmonte, J. 2003. Issues in Historical Archaeology in the Philippines. Semantics and Systematics
(Procedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists) :30-41.*
2. Jago-on, S. C. B., Nida T. Cuevas, and Joy G. Belmonte. 2003. Mehan Garden Archaeology. Proceedings
of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 3rd Conference, Manila, 2003, pp. 110-114.
3. Scott, W. H. 1984. Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Revised edition.
Quezon City: New Day.(Chapter 3)*
4. Mijares, A. et al. 2007. Reinterpreting Early Colonial Past: The case of Plaza Independencia Site. KAPI
5:7-23.*
5. Peterson, J. A. 2003. Landscape Contexts for Historical Archaeology in the Philippines. Proceedings of
the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 1:20-29.
6. Cuevas, N. T. and R.A. Bautista. 2009. Urban Development and Archaeology: The Case of Plaza
Independencia Site. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 7:17-36.
7. Nazareno, T. 1998. A developing archaeological site in Cavite Puerto. HUKAY 1:31-40.
8. Tatel Jr, C. 1998. Ang paghuhukay sa mga labi ng pader ng Porta Vaga. HUKAY 1:41-53.
9. Teodosio, S. 2005. The Phenomenology of the Lumang Bauan Landscape. Philippine Quarterly of
Culture and Society 33. *
10. Tulang, C. 1998. The Porta Vaga excavation. HUKAY 1:54-68.
11. Tatel Jr, C. P. 2003. Ang Artifakt at Dokumento bilang Teksto ng Kasaysayan: Isang Pagpopook ng
Historical Archaeology sa Pag-aaral ng Nakaraang Pilipino. Test Pit 2:1-11.
Earlier contributions
1. Guthe, C. 1927. The University of Michigan Philippine Expedition. American Anthropologist 29, 6976.*
2. Janse, O.R.T. 1941. An Archaeological Expedition to Indo-China and the Philippines: Preliminary
Report. Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 6, 247-267.*
Role of Geology in Archaeology
1. Hernandez, V. 2007. After the c. 1700-1500 BP Eruptive Phase of Mt. Pinatubo: Archaeological
Perspectives from Lubao, Pampanga. KAPI 5:1-6.
2. Lewis, H. 2003. The Potential of Soil Micromorphology in Southeast Asian Archaeology: Preliminary
Work at Niah Cave, Sarawak, Malaysia, and Ille Cave, Palawan, Philippines. HUKAY 5:60-74.
3. Choa, O. 2010. Putting Excavation in its Proper Place: A Role for Geophysical Prospecting in
Archaeology. Test Pit 16.
Zooarchaeology
1. Piper, P. and J.Ochoa. 2007. The First Zooarchaeological Evidence for the Endemic Palawan Stink
Badger (Mydaus marcheiHuet 1887). Hukay 11:85-92.

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

2.

Ochoa, J., V. Paz, H. Lewis, J. Carlos, E. Robles, N. Amano, M. R. Ferreras, M. Lara, J. Benjamin Vallejo, G.
Velarde, S. A. Villaluz, W. Ronquillo, and W. S. II. 2014. The archaeology and palaeobiological record
of Pasimbahan-Magsanib Site, northern Palawan, Philippines. Philippine Science Letters 7:22-36.

Ornaments
1 Santiago, R. A. 2003. Techniques in Classifying Beads Recovered from Archaeological Sites. HUKAY 5:130.
2 Cayron, J. G. 2006. Stringing the Past: An archeological understanding of early Southeast Asian glass
bead trade. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press.
3 Chapter 16, Prehistoric Vanities, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
4 Zumbroich, T. J., and Analyn Salvador-Amores. 2010. Gold Work, Filing and Blackened Teeth: Dental
Modifications in Luzon. The Cordillera Review 2:3-42.*
Tools
1

Fox, R.B. 1970. The Tabon caves: archaeological explorations and excavations on Palawan Island,
Philippines
2 Jago-on, S. C. 2007. Analysis of the Lithic Materials Recovered During the 2000-2001 Archaeological
Excavations of Tabon Cave, Palawan Island, Philippines. KAPI 5:24-34.*
3 Jago-on, S. C. B. 2008. Technological Analyses of the Lithic Materials from the 2007 Tabon Cave
Excavations. Proceedings of the Society of Philippines Archaeologists 6:1-13.*
4 Dizon, E. Z. 1988. An Iron Age in the Philippines: A Critical Examination. Ph.D. Dissertation,
University of Pennsylvania.
5 Mijares, A. S. 2002. The Minori Cave Lithic Technology. Quezon City: University of the Philippines
Press.
6 Mijares, A. S. B. 2007-2008. The Penablanca Flake Tools: An Unchanging Technology? Hukay 12:1334.*
7 Neri, L. M. 2005. Obsidian from the Huluga Open Site and its Implications. HUKAY 7:55-68.
8 Neri, L. M., and Amalia dela Torre. 2007. Philippine Obsidian Sourcing: The Ulilang Bundok Case. KAPI
5:35-47.
9 Teodosio, S. F. R. 2005. The Earliest Bone Tools in the Philippines: Patterns and Issues. HUKAY 8:1336.*
10 Chapter 5: Tools from the Sea, Kasaysayan Volume 2. *
11 Chapter 8: The Metals of Civilisation, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
12 Schmidt, P. 2009. Characterisation and Geological Provenance of Jasper that was used for Debitages
in the Archaeological Site of Tabon Cave, Philippines. Hukay 14:1-24.*
13 Pawlik, Alfred E., Philip J. Piper, Rachel E. Wood, Kristine Kate A. Lim, Marie

Grace Pamela G. Faylona, Armand Salvador B. Mijares, and Martin Porr. 2015.
Shell tool technology in Island Southeast Asia: an early Middle Holocene
Tridacna adze from Ilin Island, Mindoro, Philippines. Antiquity 89:292-308.
Bones
1. Medrana, J. G. L. 2003. Health, Disease and Nutrition in the Philippine Islands in the Last Five
Centuries. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 3rd Conference, Manila, 2003, pp.
77-89.*
2. Garong, A. 2013. Ancient Filipino Diet. Cebu: Ame Garong and University of San Carlos Press*
Pottery
1 Chapter 12: The Potters Genius, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
2 Bacus, E. 2003. Styles of Alliance?: Decorated Earthenwares in Late Prehistoric and Protohistoric
Philippine Polities. In Earthenware in Southeast Asia (ed.) J. Miksic. Singapore: Singapore University
Press

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

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Bacus, E. 2004. A Consideration of Processes Underlying Philippine Pottery Complexes. In Southeast


Asian Archaeology: Wilhelm G. Solheim II Festschrift (ed.) V. Paz. Quezon City: University of the
Philippines Press.
Barretto, G. 2003b. Of Earthenware, Ancestors, Gods and the Living, in Pang-alay Ritual Pottery of
Ancient Philippines. Edited by C. Valdes, pp. 70-74. Makati: Ayala Foundation, Inc and Oriental
Ceramic Society of the Philippines.
Cadelina, R.V. and Joy G. Perez. Editors. 1986. Artifacts from the Visayan Communities: A Study of
Extinct and Extant Culture. Dumaguete City: Silliman University.
Fox, R. 1970. The Tabon Caves: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan Island,
Philippines. Monograph of the National Museum #1. Manila: National Museum. Chapter 5
Gunn, M.M., and Michael W. Graves. 1995. Constructing Seriations from the Guthe Collection, the
Central Philippines: Implications for Southeast Asian Ceramic Chronologies. Asian Perspectives 34,
257-282.
Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.
Junker, L. 1993. Craft good specialization and prestige good exchange in 15th-16th Century Philippine
chiefdoms. Asian Perspectives 32(1):1-35.*
Maher, R.F. 1981. Archaeological Investigations in the Burnay District of Southeastern Ifugao,
Philippines. Asian Perspectives 24, 223-236.
Mascunana, R. V. 1986. The Bacong Artifacts in the Silliman Anthropology Museum Collection: A
Morphological Analysis of Displayed Material Culture, in Artifacts from the Visayan Communities: A
Study of Extinct and Extant Culture. Edited by R. V. Cadelina, and Joy G. Perez, pp. 1-200. Dumaguete
City: Silliman University.
Miksic, J. (ed.) 2003. Earthenware in Southeast Asia. Singapore: Singapore University Press.
Ronquillo, W. 2003. Philippine Earthenware Pottery from the Early Prehistoric Period. In Earthenware
in Southeast Asia (ed.) J. Miksic. Singapore: Singapore University Press.
Ronquillo, W. P. 2003. Philippine Earthenware Pottery: An Overview, in Pang-alay Ritual Pottery in
Anciend Philippines. Edited by C.Valdes, pp. 16-25. Makati: Ayala Foundation, Inc and Oriental
Ceramic Society of the Philippines, Inc.*
Scheans, D. 1960. The Pottery Industry of San Nicolas, Ilocos Norte. Journal of East Asiatic Studies 9,
1-38.
Scheans, D. 1966. A New View of Philippine Pottery Manufacture. Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
22, 206-219.
Solheim, W. 1952. Pottery Manufacturing in the Islands of Masbate and Batan, Philippines. Journal of
East Asiatic Studies 1, 49-53.
Solheim, W. 1954. Ibanag Pottery Manufacture in Isabela. Journal of East Asiatic Studies 3, 305-307.
Solheim, W. and Terry Shuler. 1959. Further Notes on Philippine Pottery Manufacture: Mt. Province
and Panay. Journal of East Asiatic Studies 8, 1-10.
Solheim, W. 1964. Pottery and the Malayo-Polynesians. Current Anthropology 5, 360-384.
Solheim, W. 1965. The Functions of Pottery in Southeast Asia: From the Present to the Past. In
Ceramics and Man (ed.) F. Matson. Viking Fund Publications in Anthropology #41. New York:
Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Inc.
Solheim, W. 1968. Possible routes of migration into Melanesia as shown by statistical analysis of
methods of pottery manufacture. In Anthropology at the Eight Pacific Science Congress (ed.) W.I.
Solheim. Asian and Pacific Archeology Series #2. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Social Science Research
Institute.
Solheim, W. G. 2005. Basketry Weaves and Bau-Malay Earthenware Pottery in Southeast Asia. HUKAY
8:89-100.
van der Leeuw, S. 1984. Manufacture, Trade and Use of Pottery on Negros, Philippines. In Earthenware
in Asia and Africa (ed.) J. Picton. London: Percival David Foundation.
Balbaligo, Y. 2010. Preliminary Report on the Earthenware Pottery from Ille Cave and Rockshelter,
Palawan, Philippines. Hukay 15:1-20.

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

Foreign ceramics/containers
1 Brown, R. M. Editor. 1988. Guangdong ceramics from Butuan and other Philippine sites : an
exhibition catalogue / presented by The Oriental Ceramic Society of the Philippines jointly with The
National Museum, October 3-19, 1988.
2 Cole, F. C. and Berthold Laufer. 1912. Chinese Pottery in the Philippines. Field Museum of Natural
History Publication 162 12:3-16.*
3 Janse, O.R.T. 1944-1945. Notes on Chinese Influences in the Philippines in Pre-Spanish Times.
Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 8, 34-62.
4 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.
5 Chapter 13: Treasures of a New Trade, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
6 Canilao, M. A. P. 2008. Preliminary Analysis of the "Frank Lynch Ceramics" of the Department of
Sociology and Anthropology, Ateneo De Manila University. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine
Archaeologists 6:25-36.
7 Chang, K.-J. 2013. Foreign Trade, Local Taste: A Consumption-Based Study of Trade Ceramics in Late
Proto-Historic Island Southeast Asia, in Unearthing Southeast Asia's Past, vol. 1, Selected Papers from
the 12th International Conference of the European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists,
Volume 1. Edited by Marijke J. Klokke, and Vronique Degroot, pp. 170-185. Singapore: National
University of Singapore Press.
8 Valdes, C. O., K. N. Long, and A. C. Barbosa. Editors. 1992. A Thousand Years of Stoneware Jars in the
Philippines. Makati: Jar Collectors (Philippines) with the support of Eugenio Lopez Foundation, Inc.
and in cooperation with the National Museum and the Oriental Ceramic Society of the Philippines.
9 Barbosa, A. C. 1992. Heirloom Jars in Philippine Rituals, in A Thousand Years of Stoneware Jars in the
Philippines. Edited by C. O. Valdes, Kerry Nguyen Long, and AC Barbosa, pp. 70-92. Makati: Jar
Collectors (Philippines).
10 Gotuaco, L., R. Tan, and A. Diem. 1997. Chinese and Vietnamese Blue and White Wares Found in the
Philippines. Makati City: Larry Gotuaco, Rita C. Tan, Allison I. Diem, and Bookmark, Inc.
11 Tan, R. C. 2007. Zhangzhou ware found in the Philippines : "Swatow" export ceramics from Fujian 16th17th century. Makati City: Yuchengco Museum and the Oriental Ceramic Society of the Philippines.
12 Cruz, M. S. 2014. Looking Through the Glass: Analysis of Glass Vessel Shards from Pinagbayanan Site,
San Juan, Batangas, Philippines. Hukay 19:24-60.
13 Kintanar, A. N. E. 2014. Of Scrapes and Scratches: A Preliminary Study on the Use-wear of Porcelain
Sherds from Structure A, Pinagbayanan, San Juan, Batangas, Philippines. Hukay 19:61-83.
14 Melendres, R. G. 2014. How old is the Babo Balukbuk Site? The Use of Tradeware Ceramics and
Radiocarbon Dating in Identifying the Age of Porac, Pampanga, Philippines. Hukay 19:106-134.
15 Li, M. 2013. Fragments of Globalization: Archaeological Porcelain and the Early

Colonial Dynamics in the Philippines. Asian Perspectives 52:43-74.


16 Nogami, Takenori. 2006. On Hizen Porcelain And The Manila - Acapulco
Galleon Trade. Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 26:124-130.
Environment
1 Lewis, H., Kathleen Johnson, and Wilfredo Ronquillo. 2007-2008. Preliminary Results of Speleothem
Dating from Tabon Cave, Palawan, Philippines: Moisture Increase at the Last Glacial Maximum. Hukay
12:35-50.
2 Robles, E. 2008. Thoughts about Historic and Prehistoric El Nino Events in the Philippines. Test Pit
12:13-14.
Pre-historic structures
1 Dizon, E. Z., and Rey A. Santiago. 1996. Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Exploration in
Batan, Sabtang, and Ivuhos Islands, Batanes Province, Northern Luzon, Philippines. National Museum
Papers 6:1-26.*
2 Barretto, G. 1999. Ijangs: Mountain Fortresses of Batanes, in Katipon Lecture Series. Quezon City:
University of the Philippines-College of Social Sciences and Philosophy.*

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
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Dado, A. 2003. Archaeology of Vernacular Architecture: The Relevance of Ivatan Traditional Villages
in Understanding the Nakavajayan. Semantics and Systematics (Proceedings of the Society of Philippine
Archaeologists) :104-109.*
4 Mijares, A., SC Jagoon and MGP Faylona. 2003. In Search for Pre-Hispanic Itbayatan Settlement.
Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 31:26-45.*
5 Chapter 9, Stones of the Sea, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
6 Lasco, L. 2014. Mga Kadahilanan Kung Bakit Wala Tayong Malalaking Gusali O Templo Noong Dating
Panahon. Saliksik E-Journal 3:119-172.
Colonial structures
1 Archaeological Studies Program. 2005. Panimulang ulat tungkol sa pag-aaral Pangkasaysayan sa Sitio
Cuta, Barangay Anilao, Bongabong, Oriental Mindoro. Archaeological Studies Program.
2 Bautista, A. P. 2005. Archeological Excavation at San Raymundo de Peaforte Church Complex.
Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 3:28-52.
3 Nazareno, T. 1998. A developing archaeological site in Cavite Puerto. HUKAY 1:31-40.
4 Paz, V. 2003. Preliminary Report on the excavation of Lumang Bayan Site, Batangas. Archaeological
Studies Program, University of the Philippines.*
5 Tatel Jr, C. 1998. Ang paghuhukay sa mga labi ng pader ng Porta Vaga. HUKAY 1:41-53.
6 Teodosio, S. 2005. The Phenomenology of the Lumang Bauan Landscape. Philippine Quarterly of
Culture and Society 33.*
7 Tulang, C. 1998. The Porta Vaga excavation. HUKAY 1:54-68.
8 Eusebio, M. S. 2009. Did our Church Builders Use Egg Whites as Mortar Ingredients?: The Biomolecular
Reason Behind Collecting Mortars from Historical Sites. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine
Archaeologists 7:71-82.
9 Katipunan Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc. (KAPI). 2006. Arroceros Forest Park Rescue Archaeology
Project. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 4:1-55. *
10 Barretto-Tesoro, G., P. Piper, A. Pineda, P. Basilia, J. Ceron, T. Reyes, E. Lim, K. Maguire, K. Manalo,
MLA Sioco, A. Ramirez Jr. 2009. An archaeological investigation of 'Structure A' in San Juan, Batangas.
Unpublished manuscript. University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program.
11 University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program (UP-ASP). 2010. An Archaeological
Investigation of 'Structure A' in San Juan, Batangas: The Second Season. University of the PhilippinesArchaeological Studies Program. Unpublished manuscript.
12 Accion, M. Final Report Bastion de San Diego, Intramuros Manila. . Manila: National Museum of the
Philippines, 1982.
13 Neri, Leee Anthony M., Andrea Malaya M. Ragragio, Ma. Elena Wright, Agnes Paulita, R. Roa, Armand
Salvador B. Mijares, Thea Kersti Tandog. The Archaeology of Karaang Jasaan. Unpublished manuscript.
Manila: University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program, 2010.
14 Bautista, Angel P. and Mea Karla C. Dalumpines. Archaeological Excavation at the Iglesia de San
Ignacio Site, Intramuros, Manila. In Manila: Selected Papers of the 18th Annual Manila Studies
Conference, edited by Lorelei D.C. de Viana, 1-40. Manila: Manila Studies Association, Inc. and
National Commission for Culture and the Arts Committee on Historical Research, 2010.
15 University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program. 2012. An Archaeological Investigation
of the Old Church Complex in San Juan, Batangas. UP-Archaeological Studies Program.
16 Sales, A. M. P. 2013. Building in the Past: A Preliminary Analysis of the Construction Materials and
Methods Used in Structure A in Barangay Pinagbayanan, San Juan, Batangas. Hukay 18:1-30.
17 Luga, E. A. C. 2014. Building in 19th Century Philippines. Hukay 19:1-23.
Settlements
1 Chapter 4: The first settlements, Kasaysayan Volume 2. *
2 Paz, V. n.d. Advancing Settlement Archaeology Study through Archaeobotany: Preliminary Report.
University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program.
3 Juan, G. B. 2005. MaI in Chinese RecordsMindoro or Bai? An Examination of a Historical Puzzle.
Philippine Studies 53:119-138.*
Inscriptions

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

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Dizon, E. 2003. A Second Glance at the Calatagan Pot, in Pang-alay Ritual Pottery in Ancient
Philippines. Edited by C. Valdes, pp. 39-42. Makati: Ayala Foundation, Inc and Oriental Ceramic
Society of the Philippines, Inc.
http://www.pcij.org/blog/?p=2277*
Postma, A. 1991. The Laguna Copper Plate Inscription (LCI): A Valuable Philippine Document.
National Museum Papers 2:1-25.*
Francisco, J. R. 1995. Tenth Century Trade/Settlement Area in Southeast Asia: Epigraphic and
Language Evidence in the Philippines. National Museum Papers 5:10-35.
Chaper 15, Prehistoric Writing, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
http://www.thaindian.com/newsportal/india-news/shard-find-in-philippines-shows-an-ancientform-of-writing_10098419.html*
Scott, W. H. 1984. Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History, Revised edition.
Quezon City: New Day.(Chapters 2-4)*
Laguna Copperplate Inscription by JF Tiongson*
Tiongson, J. F. n.d. Translation of the Calatagan Pottery Inscription using Old Tagalog as defined by
Pedro de San Buenaventura in 1613 Based on the experimental decipherment of Dr. Ramon Guillermo.*
Oropilla, Q.F. Deceiphered Secrets: The Calatagan Pot Ancient Inscriptions
Ticao Stones http://batongticao.blogspot.com/p/program.html
Guillermo, Ramon. Ang Transkripsyon ng mga Inskripsyon sa mga Bato ng Ticao ng UP Ticao,
Masbate Anthropological Project Team. Paper presented at the The 1st Philippine Conference on the
'Baybayin' Stones of Ticao, Masbate held on 5-6 August 2011, Monreal, Ticao Island, Masbate
Province 2011.
Guillermo, Ramon, and Myfel Joseph D. Paluga. 'Barang King Banga': Isang Eksperimental na
Pagbasang Bisaya sa Inskripsyon sa Banga ng Calatagan. Social Science Diliman 5, no. 1-2 (2009): 2683.
Guillermo, Ramon. Ang proseso ng transkripsiyon ng mga inskripsiyon sa mga Bato ng Ticao. Social
Science Diliman 8, no. 1 (2012): 1-30.
Borrinaga, Rolando. O. 2009. The mystery of the ancient inscription, Online,
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20090523-206657/The-mystery-ofthe-ancient-inscription, accessed 21 May 2013.
Pealosa, Carmen V., and Zeus A. Salazar, eds. Ang Saysay ng Inskripsyon sa Binatbat na Tanso ng
Laguna. Quezon City and Pila: BAKAS and Pila Historical Society Foundation, Inc, 2013.

Ethnoarchaeology
1 Longacre, W. 1981. Kalinga Pottery: an ethnoarchaeological study. In Pattern of the Past: Studies in
Honour of David Clarke (ed.) I. Hodder, Glynn Isaac and N Hammond. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
2 Longacre, W., K.Kvamme, and M. Kobayashi. 1988. Southwestern pottery standardization: an
ethnoarchaeological view from the Philippines. The Kiva 53, 101-112.
3 Longacre, W.A., and James M. Skibo. 1994. An Introduction to Kalinga Ethnoarchaeology. In Kalinga
Ethnoarchaeology: Expanding Archaeological Method and Theory (ed.) W.A. Longacre, and James M.
Skibo. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
4 Longacre, W.A. and James M. Skibo (ed.) 1994. Kalinga Ethnoarchaeology: Expanding Archaeological
Method and Theory. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
5 Longacre, W.A. 1999. Standardization and Specialization: What's the Link? In Pottery and People: A
Dynamic Interaction (ed.) J.M. Skibo, and Gary M. Feinman. Foundations of Archaeological Inquiry.
Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press.
6 Longacre, W.A., Jingfeng Xia, and Tao Yang. 2000. I Want to Buy a Black Pot. Journal of Archaeological
Method and Theory 7, 273-293.
7 Stark, M. 1991. Ceramic production and community specialization: a Kalinga ethnoarchaeological
study. World Archaeology 23, 64-78.
8 Stark, M.T. 1991. Ceramic Change in Ethnoarchaeological Perspective: A Kalinga Case Study. Asian
Perspectives 30, 193-216.

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Stark, M.T. 1994. Pottery Exchange and the Regional System: A Dalupa Case Study. In Kalinga
Ethnoarchaeology: Expanding Archaeological Method and Theory (ed.) W.A. Longacre, and J.M. Skibo.
Washington: Smithsonian Institution.
10 Stark, M.T., Ronald L. Bishop and Elizabeth Miksa. 2000. Ceramic Technology and Social Boundaries:
Cultural Practices in Kalinga Clay Selection and Use. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory 7,
295-331.
Agriculture/Archaeobotany
1 Carlos, J. 008. A Chronometric Procedure on the Scanning Electron Microscope Analysis of Ancient
Plant Remains. Test Pit :18-19.
2 Mallari, J. P. 2006. Preliminary Evidence Analysis and Problem of Early Rice Agriculture: The case of
recent archaeological findings in Pampanga, Central Luzon, Philippines. Kapampangan Research
Journal 4:259-278.
3 Paz, V. n.d. Advancing Settlement Archaeology Study through Archaeobotany: Preliminary Report.
University of the Philippines-Archaeological Studies Program.
4 Chapter 6, The Asian Staple, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
5 Acabado, S. 2009. A Bayesian Approach to Dating Agricultural Terraces: A Case from the Philippines.
Antiquity 83:1-14.*
6 Acabado, S. 2010. Landscapes and the Archaeology of the Ifugao Agricultural Terraces: Establishing
Antiquity and Social Organisation. Hukay 15:31-60.*
7 Paz, Victor and Zeus Salazar. Bakit Nabaon sa Limot and Pangasi sa mga Tagalog at sa Katagalugan?
Test Pit 17 (2010): 21-27.
Underwater sites
1 Archaeological Studies Program. 2006. Maritime Archaeological Survey of Pansipit River and Taal
Lake (Terminal Report). Archaeological Studies Program.
2 Desroches, J.P., Gabriel Casal and Franck Goddio. Editors. 1996. Treasures of the San Diego. Manila:
National Museum.*
3 Dizon, E. Z. 1993. War At Sea: Piecing together the San Diego puzzle, in Saga of the San Diego, pp.
21-26. Manila: Concerned Citizens for the National Museum, Inc.*
4 Orillaneda, B. C. 1999. The San Diego and Pandanan Wrecks. HUKAY 2:40-50.*
5 Orillaneda, B. C. and Rey A. Santiago. 2007. The Tagbita Bay Shipwreck Project: The First Three
Excavation Seasons. KAPI 5:48-55.
6 Chapter 10, The Merchants of Prehistory, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
7 Cuevas, N. T. 2002. Southeast Asian Tradeware Ceramics from Selected Philippine Underwater
Archaeological Wrecksites: Its Implications. HUKAY 4:23-34
8 Dizon, E. Z. 2003. Underwater and Maritime Archaeology in the Philippines. Philippine Quarterly of
Culture and Society 31:1-25.
Role of trade in the social development of societies in the Philippines
1 Chapter 14, The Ingenious Filipino Boat, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
2 Bolunia, M. J. L. A. 2013. Astilleros: The Spanish-Period Shipyards of Donsol, Pilar, and Magallanes,
in Ancient Harbours in Southeast Asia. Edited by J. N. Miksic, and Goh Geok Yian, pp. 115-148.
Bangkok: SEAMEO SPAFA Regional Centre for Archaeology and Fine Arts.*
3 Hontiveros, G. 2013. The Ancient Trading Port of Butuan, in Ancient Harbours in Southeast Asia.
Edited by J. N. Miksic, and Goh Geok Yian, pp. 99-114. Bangkok: SEAMEO SPAFA Regional Centre for
Archaeology and Fine Arts.*
4 Hutterer, K. 1977. Prehistoric Trade and the Evolution of Philippine Societies: A Reconsideration. In
Economic Exchange and Social Interaction in Southeast Asia: Perspectives from Prehistory, History and
Ethnography (ed.) K. Hutterer. Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia No. 13. Ann Arbor,
Michigan: Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, The University of Michigan.
5 Hutterer, K. 1985. A Balance of Trade: The Social Nature of Late Prehispanic Philippines. In The Donn
V. Hart Southeast Asian Collection. Dekalb, Illinois: Northern Illinois University.
6 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.

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Junker, L. 1990. The organization of intra-regional and long-distance trade in prehispanic Philippine
complex societies. Asian Perspectives 29, 167-209.*
8 Junker, L. 1996. Hunter-gatherer landscapes and lowland trade in the prehispanic Philippines. World
Archaeology 27:389-410.*
9 Junker, L. L. 1994. The Development of Centralized Craft Production Systems in A.D. 500-1600
Philippine. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies 25:1-30.
10 Junker, L. L. 1998. Integrating History and Archaeology in the Study of Contact Period Philippine
Chiefdoms. International Journal of Historical Archaeology, 2:291-320.
11 Junker, L. L., Mary M. Gunn, and Mary Joy Santos. 1996. Prehispanic Trade and Economy along the
Tanjay River: Preliminary Results of the 1994 Tanjay Archaeological Excavations. Philippine
Quarterly of Culture and Society 24:59-118.
12 Yankowski, A. 2005. Trade, Technologies and Traditions The Analysis of Artifacts Recovered from a
Metal Age Burial Site in District Ubujan, Tagbilaran City, Bohol. Masters thesis, San Francisco State
University.
Social Organisation
1 Bacus, E. 2004. Late Prehistoric Chiefly Polities in the Dumaguete-Bacong Area and Central
Philippine Islands. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 24(1/2):5-58. March/June 1996.
2 Bacus, E. 2004. Prestige and Potency: Political Economies of Protohistoric Visayan Polities, in
Complex Polities in the Ancient Tropical World, Archeological Papers of the American Anthropological
Association Number 9. Edited by E. Bacus and L. Lucero, pp. 67-87. Arlington: American
Anthropological Association.
3 Bacus, E. 1997. The Unto Site: Excavations at a late First Millenium BC and Mid-Second Millenium AD
Habitation Site in Southeastern Negros Island, the Philippines. Asian Perspectives 36(1):106-141.
4 Dizon, E. Z., and Armand Salvador B. Mijares. 1999. Archaeological Evidence of a Baranganic Culture
in Batanes. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 27:1-10.*
5 Hutterer, K. 1974. The Evolution of Philippine Lowland Societies. Mankind 9, 287-299.
6 Hutterer, K. 1976. An Evolutionary Approach to the Southeast Asian Cultural Sequence. Current
Anthropology 17, 221-242.
7 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.
8 Junker, L. 1994. Trade Competition, Conflict, and Political Transformations in Sixth- to SixteenthCentury Philippine Chiefdoms. Asian Perspectives 33, 229-260.*
9 Junker, L. 1999. Warrior Burials and the Nature of Warfare in Prehispanic Philippine Chiefdoms.
Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 27:24-58.*
10 Junker, L. L. 2001. Competitive Feasting in Sixteenth-Century Philippines, in Reflections on
Philippine Culture and Society. Edited by J. T. Peralta, pp. 54-71. Quezon City: Ateneo De Manila
University Press.*
11 Mijares, A. 2003. The Complexity of Pre-Hispanic Ivatan Society. Proceedings of the Society of
Philippine Archaeologists 3rd Conference, Manila, 2003, pp. 68-76.
12 Peterson, J. A. 2003. Cebuan Chiefdoms? Archaeology of Visayan and Colonial Landscapes in the 16th
and 17th century Philippines. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 31:46-97.
13 Chapter 11, The Emergence of the Elite, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
14 Elumbre, Adonis L. Kapangyarihan At Kaayusang Pampulitika Sa Sinaunang Kabihasnan: Ang Saysay
Ng Chiefdom. Saliksik E-Journal 1, no. 2 (2012): 121-135.
15 Isorena, E. B. 2004. Visayan Raiders of the China Coast, 1174-1190 AD. Philippine Quarterly of Culture
and Society, 32:73-95.
Grave goods
1 Barretto, G. 2003a. Blades and Bangles: Status Markers in Porac, Pampanga, in Proceedings of the
Society of Philippine Archaeologists 3rd Conference, vol. 1, pp. 96-103. Manila: The Katipunan
Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc. (KAPI).
2 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Identity and Reciprocity in 15th Century Philippines. BAR International Series
1813. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd. British Archaeological Reports.
3 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.

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Paz, V.and T. Vitales. 2008. Sinaunang Anting?: Isang pagtingin sa ilang mga artefak ng Burial 727 sa
Ille. Test Pit 13:30-34.*

Death and burial


1 Barretto, G. 2000. A Survey of Literature on Indigenous Burial Practices and their Archaeological
Implications. Kasarinlan 15:95-122.*
2 Dela Torre, A. 1994. The Surigao del Norte Archaeological Project. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific
Prehistory Association 14(1):177-185.*
3 Dizon, E. 1993. Maguindanao prehistory: focus on the archaeology of the anthropomorphic potteries
at Pinol, Maitum of South Cotabato, Mindanao, Philippines. National Museum Papers 4:1-21.
4 Dizon, E. Z., Edwin A. Valientes, Andrea Malaya M. Ragragio, and Armand Salvador B. Mijares. 20072008. Burial or Not: The Case of Pamayugan 2 Stone Boat-Shaped Markers. Hukay 12:1-12.
5 Fox, R.B. 1970. The Tabon caves: archaeological explorations and excavations on Palawan Island,
Philippines. (Chapter VII)
6 Fox, R.B. 1959. The Calatagan Excavations: Two 15 th century burial sites in Batangas, Philippines.
Philippine Studies 7(3): 325-390.*
7 Fox, R. B., and Avelino Legaspi. 1977. Excavations at Sta. Ana. Manila: National Museum of the
Philippines.*
8 Jocano, F. L. 1970. Death, Bone Washing, and Jar Burial among the Sulod of Central Panay,
Philippines, in The Tabon Caves: Archaeological Explorations and Excavations on Palawan Island,
Philippines, pp. 181-188. Legaspi, A. 1974. Bolinao: A 14th-15th Century Burial Site. Museum
Publication No. 7. Manila: National Museum of the Philippines.*
9 Maceda, M.N. 1964. Preliminary Report on Ethnographic and Archaeological Fieldwork in the
Kulaman Plateau, Island of Mindanao, Philippines. Anthropos 59, 75-82.*
10 Maceda, M.N. 1965. Second Preliminary Report on the Archaeological Excavation in the Kulaman
Plateau (Cotabato), Island of Mindanao, Philippines. Anthropos 60, 237-240.*
11 Ronquillo, W. P., Alfredo Evangelista, and Reynaldo G. Flores. 1992. Report on a Jar Burial Site in
Cagayan Province, Northern Luzon, Philippines. National Museum Papers 3:19-38.
12 Solheim, W. 1960. Jar burial in the Babuyan and Batanes Islands and in Central Philippines and its
relation to jar burials elsewhere in the East. Philippine Journal of Science 89, 115-148.
13 Solheim, W. 1968. The Batungan Cave sites, Masbate, Philippines. In Anthropology at the Eight Pacific
Science Congress (ed.) W.G.I. Solheim. Asian and Pacific Archaeology Series. Honolulu: University of
Hawaii Press.
14 Solheim, W. 1951. Preliminary report on archaeological fieldwork in San Narciso, Tayabas, Philippine
Islands. University of Manila Journal of East Asiatic Studies 1, 72-76.
15 Solheim, W. 1954. The Makabog jar burial site. Philippine Journal of Science 83, 57-68.
16 Tenazas, RCP. 1968. A report on the archaeology of the Locsin-University of San Carlos excavations in
Pila, Laguna (September 4, 1967 - March 19, 1968) with an introduction by Leandro and Cecilia
Locsin.*
17 Tenazas, R. C. 1974. A progress report on the Magsuhot Excavations in Bacong Negros Oriental,
summer 1974. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 2:133-155.*
18 Chapter 7, Vessels to the Afterlife, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
19 Chapter 17, The Mummies of the North, Kasaysayan Volume 2*
20 Ragragio, A. M., and Eusebio Z. Dizon. 2008. The Sorsogon Archaeological Project. Proceedings of the
Society of Philippine Archaeologists 6:67-77.
21 Bersales, J. E. R., Amalia Dela Torre, and Bonn Aure. 2008. Progress Report on the Boljoon-Cebu
Archeological Project. Proceedings of the Philippine Society of Archaeologists 6:48-66.
22 Lewis, Helen, Victor Paz, Myra Lara, Huw Barton, Philip Piper, Janine Ochoa, Timothy Vitales, A. Jane
Carlos, Tom Higham, Leee Neri, Vito Hernandez, Janelle Stevenson, Emil Charles Robles, Andrea
Ragragio, Rojo Padilla, Wilhelm Solheim II, and Wilfredo Ronquillo. Terminal Pleistocene to midHolocene occupation and an early cremation burial at Ille Cave, Palawan, Philippines. Antiquity 82
(2008): 318-335.
24. Bersales, Jose Eleazar R., and Ame Garong. Preliminary Archaeological Undertakings in San
Nepomuceno Parish Church Compound, San Remigio, Cebu. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and
Society 38, no. 4 (2010): 322-345.

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25. Dy-Liacco, R. 2014. The Last Voyage of the Dead: The Milky Way and the Boat-Shaped Burial Markers
of the Philippines Archipelago. Hukay 19:135-166.
Identity
1 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Identity and Reciprocity in 15th Century Philippines. BAR International Series
1813. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd. British Archaeological Reports.
2 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.
3 Meez, H. 1996. The Shaman and the Warrior in Isneg Society, in Explorations in Philippine Folklore.
Edited by H. Meez, pp. 77-85. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
4 Zulueta, J. O. 2004. Looking Back to Our Roots: Ethnicity in Philippine Historical Archaeology. HUKAY
6:42-64.
Status
1 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Where are the datu and catalonan in early Philippine societies?:
Investigating status in Calatagan. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society.*
2 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2003. Burial Goods in the Philippines: An Attempt to Quantify Prestige Values.
Southeast Asian Studies 41:31-47.
3 Junker, L. 1999. Raiding, trading, and feasting : the political economy of Philippine chiefdoms.
4 Junker, L., Karen Mudar, and M. Schwalter. 1994. Social Stratification, Household Wealth, and
Competitive Feasting in 15th/16th century Philippine Chiefdoms. Research in Economic Anthropology
15:307-358.
Gender
1 Cuevas, N. T. 2003. The Men and Women of Maitum, in Pang-alay Ritual Pottery in Ancient
Philippines. Edited by C. Valdes, pp. 63-69. Makati: Ayala Foundation, Inc and Oriental Ceramic
Society of the Philippines.
2 Cuevas, N. T. 2007. Figuring Sex and Gender in Maitum Anthropomorphic Potteries: Ethnographic
Analogy and Standardization. Masters thesis, University of the Philippines.
3 Cuevas, N. T. 2008. Figuring Sex and Gender: Recent Findings in the Analysis of the Maitum
Anthropomorphic Potteries. Proceedings of the Society of Philippines Archaeologists 6:14-24.*
Non-adults in archaeology
1 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2007. The potential of agas for future research. Test Pit 10:12-15.*
2 Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Early Death: An Exploration of the Treatment of Foetuses, Infants, and
Children in the Philippine. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 6:37-47.*
Womens role
3 Bacus, E. 2002. Accessing Prestige and Power: Women in the Political Economy of Protohistoric and
Early Visayan Polities. In In Pursuit of Gender: Worldwide Archaeological Approaches (ed.) S. Nelson,
and M Rosen-Ayalon. Walnut Creek: AltaMira Press.*
4 Salazar, Z. 1989. Ang Babaylan sa Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas, in Women's Role in Philippine History:
Selected Essays, pp. 52-72. Quezon City: University Center for Women's Studies, University of the
Philippines, Diliman.
5 Meez, H. 1996. Female Warriors in Philippine Oral Epics, in Explorations in Philippine Folklore.
Edited by H. Meez, pp. 25-38. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
6 Meez, H. 1996. The Viscera-Sucker and the Politics of Gender, in Explorations in Philippine
Folklore. Edited by H. Meez, pp. 86-94. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press.
Archaeology and Folklore
1. Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2004. A Partial View of Past Mental Templates: Utilizing Folk Literature, in
Southeast Asian Archaeology: Wilhelm G. Solheim Festschrift. Edited by V. Paz, pp. 315-324. Quezon
City: The University of the Philippines Press.*
2. Canilao, M. A. P. 2010. Lost in the Retelling: Washed-out Balitok (Gold) in Ibaloi Generational Memory
Ibaloi Diaspora into Bengue (Part 2). Hukay 15:21-30.*

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13

Symbolisms
3. Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Where are the datu and catalonan in early Philippine societies?:
Investigating status in Calatagan. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 36:74-102.
4. Barretto-Tesoro, M. 2007. Social Identities and Earthenware Functions in 15th century AD
Philippines. PhD Dissertation, Cambridge University.
5. Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. UNDECORATED CALATAGAN POTS AS ACTIVE SYMBOLS OF
CULTURAL AFFILIATION, in Breaking the Mould: Challenging the Past through Pottery, BAR
International Series 1861. Edited by I. Berg, pp. 35-46. Oxford: Archaeopress (Publishers of British
Archaeological Reports).
6. Paz, V. 2004. Arkiyoloji, Komunikasyon at Simbolismo. Test Pit :23-27.*
7. Salazar, Z. 2004. Liktao at Epiko: Ang Takip ng Tapayang Libingan ng Libmanan, Camarines Sur.
Quezon City: Bagong Kasaysayan.
http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/inquirerheadlines/regions/view/20071213106530/Ancient_burial_urn_retells_Bicol_epic *
8. Salazar, Z. 2005. Ang Pilipinong 'Banua'/'Banwa' sa Mundong-Melano Polynesiano. Quezon City:
Bagong Kasaysayan.
9. Salazar, Z. A. 2008. Pag-basa at Pag-salin ng na-decipher ni Dr. Bomen Guillermo na mga Sulat-Pantig
sa Abaga* ng Banga ng Calatagan. Discussion Group at the Archaeological Studies Program, UP
Diliman.
10. Lasco, L. 2010. Ang Kosmolohiya Noong Dating Panahon At Ang Mga Simbolismo SA Sinaunang
Sandatang Pilipino - Isang Panimulang Pagsusuri *
11. Pineda, A. 2010. The Potential of Studying Symbolism through the Pottery in Magsuhot Site, Bacong,
Negros Oriental. Test Pit 17:18-21.*
12. Paz, Victor. Accessing Past Cosmologies through Material Culture and the Landscape in the
Philippines. In Archaeology of Spiritualities, edited by Christine Morris K. Rountree, Alan A. D.
Peatfield, 133-161. New York: Springer, 2012.*
Regional Studies
Batanes-Taiwan
1. Bellwood, P., and E. Dizon. Editors. 2013. 4000 Years of Migration and Cultural Exchange: The
Archaeology of the Batanes Islands, Northern Philippines. Terra Australis 40. Canberra: Australian
National University E-Press.
2. Hung, H.-C., and Yoshiyuki Iizuka, Peter Bellwood, Kim Dung Nguyen, Berenice Bellina, Praon
Silapanth, Eusebio Dizon, Rey Santiago, Ipoi Datan, Jonathan H. Manton. 2007. Ancient Jades Map
3,000 Years of Prehistoric Exchange in Southeast Asia. Proceedings of the National Academy of
Sciences of the United States of America 104:19745-19750.
Cagayan Valley
1. Thiel, B. 1980. Excavations in the Pinacanauan Valley, Northern Luzon. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific
Prehistory Association 2, 40-48.
2. Thiel, B. 1986-1987. Excavations at Arku Cave, Northeast Luzon, Philippines. Asian Perspectives 27,
229-264.
3. Mijares, A. S. B. 2007. Unearthing Prehistory: The Archaeology of Northeastern Luzon, Philippine
Islands. BAR International Series 1613. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd.
4. Tobias, C. M. 1999. Archaeological History of Cagayan Province. HUKAY 2:9-33.
Tagalog Region
1. Fox, R. B. 1959. The Calatagan Excavations: Two Fifteenth Century Burial Sites in Batangas,
Philippines. Philippine Studies 7:325-390.
2. Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2008. Identity and Reciprocity in 15th Century Philippines. BAR International Series
1813. Oxford: John and Erica Hedges Ltd. British Archaeological Reports.
3. Tenazas, R. C. 1968. A Report on the Archaeology of the Locsin-University of San Carlos Excavations in
Pila, Laguna (September 4, 1967-March 19, 1968).

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4.
5.
6.
7.

8.
9.

14

Dizon, E. Z., S.C. Jagoon, N.T. Cuevas, and A.S. De Leon. 2005. Archaeological Report on the Old Taal
Church Ruins, San Nicolas, Batangas. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 3:13-27.
Dizon, E. Z., P. Faylona, V. Paz, C. Jago-on, N. Cuevas, A. Dela Torre, L. Lacsina, A. De Leon, E.
Bersamira, R. Bautista. 2006. Maritime Archaeological Survey of Pansipit River and Taal Lake
(Terminal Report). Archaeological Studies Program.
Paz, V. 2009. Defining Manila Through Archaeology, in Manila: Selected Papers of the 17th Annual
Manila Studies Conference August 13-14, 2008. Edited by B. R. Churchill, pp. 1-35. Manila: Manila
Studies Association, Inc and National Commission for Culture and the Arts.*
Barretto-Tesoro, G. 2011. Lost In and On Manila: What Do I Know About Manila? Understanding the
Materiality of Manila, in Manila: Selected Papers of the 19th Annual Manila Studies Conference August
31-September 1, 2010. Edited by L. D. C. de Viana, pp. 1-19. Manila: Manila Studies Association and
National Commission for Culture and the Arts.
Padilla, Sabino G. J. and Israel Cabanilla. Antiquity of Manila: A Cultural Heritage Lost. The Manila
Studies Program Journal 1, no. 1-4 (1991): 21-23.
Vitales, T. J. 2013. Archaeological Research in the Laguna de Bay area, Philippines. Hukay 18:54-81.

Palawan
1. Szab, K. and E.Z. Dizon. 2007. The Archaeology of Linaminan, Central Palawan: A preliminary Report
on Excavations. Hukay 11:1-84.
Mindanao
2. Solheim, W. A. Legaspi, J. Neri S.J. 1979. Archaeological Survey in Southeastern Mindanao. Manila:
National Museum of the Philippines and University of Hawaii.
3. Spoehr, A. 1973. Zamboanga and Sulu: An Archaeological Approach to Ethnic Diversity. Ethnology
Monographs No. 1. Pittsburgh: Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh.
4. Hukay volume 7
5. Neri, L. M., Victor J. Paz, Andrea Malaya Ragragio, Anna Jane B. Carlos, and Emil Charles Robles. 2008.
The Archaeology of the Coastal Area of Northern Mindanao, Philippines. Proceedings of the Society of
Philippine Archaeologists 6:78-86.
6. Neri, L. A. M., Victor J. Paz, Agnes Paulita R. Roa, Andrea Malaya M. Ragragio, and Anna Jane B. Carlos.
2010. Archaeological Survey of the Island of Camiguin, Northern Mindanao. Philippine Quarterly of
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Heritage, Site Protection and Conservation, Archaeological Impact Assessment
1. Mijares, A. 1997. The Role of the Community in the Protection of Archaeological Sites. National
Museum Papers 7:89-99.*
2. Dizon, E. Z., Angel P. Bautista. 2000. Archaeological Assessment (Additional Documentation for the
Restoration of the San Agustin Church at Paoay Ilocos Norte). National Museum Papers 10:1-25.
3. Barretto, G. 2001. Preliminary Review of Philippine Archaeological Impact Assessment Procedures.
Hukay 3:27-40.
4. Faylona, M. G. P. G. 2004. Where is the National Museum of the Philippines? A Proposal to Improve
on Mass Recognition of a Cultural Institution, in Proceedings of the Society of Philippine
Archaeologists, pp. 67-70. Manila: Katipunan Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc.*
5. Hernandez, V. and Pamela Faylona. 2006. Evaluating the Heritage Value of the Huluga Archaeological
Site. HUKAY 9:88-101.
6. Romualdez-Valtos, E. 2004. Archaeology and Heritage Conservation at the Cape Bojeador
Lighthouse in Burgos, Ilocos Norte in Northern Philippines: A Case Study on the Economic Impact of
Archaeological Work in a Developing Country. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists,
Manila, 2004, Volume 2 pp. 60-66 .
7. Hernandez, V. 2008. (Mis)Representation and (Mis)Interpretations of Archaeology in Philippine
Popular Writing, in Manila Society and Culture. Edited by J. V. Z. Torres, pp. 208-245. Manila: Manila
Studies Association.*
8. Bautista, A. 2005. The Development of the Tabon Archaeological Cave Complex, Quezon, Palawan,
Towards Nation Building in the Philippines. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Archaeology
and Nation Building, Penang, Malaysia, 2005, pp. 47-51.

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

15

9.

Paz, V. 2005. Public Archaeology in Mindoro and the Improvement of a Philippine Nationa/Cultural
Consciousness. Proceedings of the International Seminar on Archaeology and Nation Building, Penang,
Malaysia, 2005, pp. 52-65.*
10. Medrana, J. G. L. 2011. Incorporating a Tourism Agenda in Public Archaeology Work. Hukay 16:49-63.
Others
Nicolas, A. 2009. Gongs, Bells, and Cymbals: The Archaeological Record in Maritime Asia from the Ninth to the
Seventeenth Centuries. 2009 Yearbook for Traditional Music 41:62-93.
Villegas, R. N. 2004. Ginto: History Wrought In Gold. Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas The Gold Collection. Manila:
Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas.

Archaeology 1
Grace Barretto-Tesoro
Updated: Tuesday, 04 August 2015

Date
5-Aug
7-Aug
12-Aug

Topic
ano ang archaeology
kasaysayan ng archaeology sa pilipinas
Palaeolithic and Neolithic/Tools

14-Aug
26-Aug
28-Aug
2-Sep

Austronesian
Earlier contributions
Ornaments
Pottery

4-Sep
9-Sep
11-Sep
16-Sep
18-Sep
23-Sep

Foreign ceramics
Pre-historic structures
Historical archaeology
Colonial structures
Settlements
Inscriptions

25-Sep
30-Sep
2-Oct
7-Oct

Angono Petroglyphs
Agriculture/Archaeobotany
Underwater sites
Role of trade in the social development of societies in
the Philippines
Social Organisation
Grave goods
Death and burial

9-Oct
14-Oct
16-Oct
21-Oct
23-Oct
28-Oct
30-Oct
4-Nov
6-Nov
11-Nov
13-Nov

Identity
Status
Gender
Non-adults in archaeology
Archaeology and Folklore
Symbolisms
Heritage, Site Protection and Conservation,
Archaeological Impact Assessment
Class

20-Nov
25-Nov
27-Nov

Class
Class
Final exam

16
Activity

Sandbox: Tool knapping and others, 45 mins


Requirement: one-page reaction paper

Sandbox: Pottery, 1 hour


Requirement: one-page reaction paper

Sandbox: baybayin, 45 mins


Requirement: one-page reaction paper

Sandbox: Human osteology, 45 mins


Requirement: one-page reaction paper

Sandbox: heritage issues, 45 mins


Requirement: one-page reaction paper
Nov 14, 2015, Field trip to the National
Museum/Manila
Requirement: one-page reaction paper
Submission: Project, To be discussed