PAOYA BANErKEM

ErKnMIO TID:

EKAEnTYI:MENHl: TEMIIEAIAl:

5

PAOYA BANErKEM

H 1tOATJ Asotv tOU BEAyiou Eivat TJ YEVtrEtpa 8uo ~aAroV crouPPEaAtcrtOOV, tOU sroypu<pou PEVE MaYKpit Kat tOO 1totTJn1 AOUl LKUtEVaipl. ITPOKEttat yta J.tta fltKpi} 1tOATJ 9.000 xnroixrov, <i>TJfltcrflEvTJ yta rc AatoflEia npopqmptrn. EKE! yEVVit9TJKE 0 PaoUA Bcveyxsu nptv a1to 62 xpovta.

Luyypa<pE~ tOU «Ilpayuateia Iafiovbp-Blfip 1CpOe; xp~Uf/ TroV vhcov yevetav», 8TJflocriEucrE, KatU 8tacrti} flat a, Ai~EMOU~ evevna ornv Efl1topEUflanKi} xorvrovtc, To 1995, to «Mnvoua 1CpOe; TOVe; Ma(Jy/TEe; Tuuvaaioo xat Aoxeioo», ~E1tEpacrE ru 80.000 uvrtrunn, EVOO TJ EK80crTJ tcrE1tTJ~ tOU «Ilpayuaieia Iafiovbp-Blfip 1CpOe; xp~Uf/ TroV VErov YE:Vcwv» ~E1tEpacrE, flEcra os 4 xpovta tu 40.000 uvrtrunu.

To tEAeutaio tOU ~t~Aio flE thAO «Nous qui desirons sans fin» (Eust; 1tOU Em9uflOUflE aEvaa), (l1[otEAei Eva KatVOUpytO fli}vufla, ypaflflEvo os YAoocrcra aMi} Kat dacrmKi}, 1tpOC;; autOUC;; 1tOU 8EV

l. ~.r.M. Ot EKOOOE~ Seghers £Xouv EKOOOEt, crrTJ aEtpa I:Vyxpovoz Iloimec, )1\11 E1ttAoyt) 1tOtTJ)1a"t())V LOU ~1C\)"tEVo.ip )1E EKrEViJ 1to.pouato.aTJ TOU 1totTJTt) 0.1t6 rov Po.ou/... Bo.VqK£)1, 0 onoio; £XEt KaVEt xm TTJV o.v9oA.Oyll<JTJ, )1E "tlT/...o Luis Scutenaire.

6

emeuJlOUv tva 1tOAlttaJlO 0 onoio; «Eatpe'l'e OAe<; ru; eA1ti8e~ tOD~ 1tpO<; to 9avato».

L' OAll tOD rn sroi], 0 BaveYKEJl, a1tE<peuye tt~ O"UvevteU~el~, ru; 81aAt~el~, tt~ O"UslltTtael~ Kat 0, rt em~<iMel 11 AoyOteXVlKlt sroi].

Av Kat 1t11yaivel taKtlKa oro Ilupfm, sel 0"t'1l peAYIKlt U1tat9po, oro omn 01tOD yevvft911Ke. Exsi, oruv 8ev o"uyypa<pel, Kavel ~OAte~, acrxoAeitat Jle tOY Kit1tO tOD, aVtaAaaael JlE to yeitova tOD pl~Aia <JXettKa JlE AaxaVlKa, cxoust 1tOAU JlODmKlt Kat ~ava81a~asel tOD~ KAaamKOU<; tOD: Niros, Map~, Lai~1t11p, Movruivt, <I>ODPIE, Ka<pKa.

MovaXOYlo~ svo; crocrtaAlatTt Kat aVt1KAllPlKaAtcrti] m811p08pOJlIKOU D1taAAi]AOD, JlEY6.Amae oro JlEta1tOAeJlIKO ~lOJlllxaVlKO BEAylO. Oruv ouvovrouce 1ta1ta, ejuuetro to Kpffi~lJlO tOD xopoxtou. Kage ~80Jla8a 1tTtyatve cru; ouvcvrncs«; rrov «KOKKlvroV Tspcxuov», Jlla~ oJla8~ veapwv cromaAlcrtWV JlE eAeDgeptaKO xapaKtTtpa. Atnrnpst eAaXtcrtec; avaJlvTtae1<; cno tOY 1tOAel-W, K'Upiro~ ru; eKteAtcrel~ aDtWV 1tOD O"UvepyacrtllKUV ue tOD~ rePJlaVOU~ Kat Ka1tOle~ 8111yi]crel~ tOD mrrspu tOD, 1tOD ittav 8paatftplO~ uvnctuotnxoc: avativaSe eJl1tOpIKEC; aJla~oatOlxie~ Yla va eJl1t08icrel tT} usrooop« xpurouusvorv oru atpat61te8a o"uyKMProO'T}~.

1

Mstn to A:oKEto, 1tTrYuivEl, oro EAz6SEPO Iluvsm(JnlJlto nov BpU~EAM.OV, 01tOU (J1tOU8USEt Auttvtri] <l>tAOAoyiu. Koromv, yiVE'tat KaST}yT}nl~ Iluvsm(JtT}JltOU or«; BpU~Elli~.

ApXisEt va 8EtXVEt EV8ta<pEpov yta 'tOY Kouuouviouo, aMU T) JlEAEtT} 'tOU EPYOU 'tOU Lt6.AtV 'roy amoSd. 0 T porcxiouo; So. tOY dXE YOlltEUcrEt, nv 8EV dXE 8m~ucrEt to. V'tOKOUJlEvta ym rnv cr<paYTJ nov E~EyEPJ.Ltvrov tT}~ Kpovcr'tuv8T}~ cero tOY Tporoxt,

To 1960, crtEAVEt KU1tOta 1tOtTJJla'tu rou orov Avpu AE<PE~P, 0 01tOtO~ to. 8tOXEtEUEt os KU1tOtOV fKU NtEJl1tOP, AEtptcrtTj tapaxo1tOto 1tOU JlOAt~ dXE tOPU(JEt rqv Ka'tucr'tamari] ~tE8vTj. H O'UVUV'tllcrTJ TOU<; So. E1Vat KaSOpt(Jttri].

Lra rEAll tOU 1960 Kat ru; apXE~ rou 1961, ~Ecr1tUVE oro BEAYto UyPtE<; u1tEpyiE~. Ltt~ BpU~EAAE~, 0 BavEyKEJl, ~EO'KE1tUSEt rov ypa<pEtOKpattKO O'UV8tKaAtcr!l0, tu1tcOVEt 1tpOK11pU~Et~ Kat 1tpOcrxropsi (JtT}V Kuramamari] ~tE8vTj. H oJlu8a, 1tOU EXEt 8taO'Uv8EcrEt~ KUptro~ oru; aYYAocra~ovtKE<; XcOPE~, 8topyavcOVEt tapUXc08Ete; 8tESvde; O'UV8taO'KE'VEte; 1tOU KUSE <popu KataATJYouv oe 8taypa<pE~. 0 NrEJl1tOp Kat 0 BaVEyKEJl ouvovnouvrm O'UXVU ore umotpo tOU M1tEEpm:A, ore 1tEpixropa row Bpu~EMcOV, 01tOU O'USllrouv Kat ypu<pouv. Allie; <pOPE~ ~EVUXtOuV ctu Ka<pEVda tOU Muput Kat rou

8

Kovrpecxcpn oro Ilnpiot. To Ku'tuO''tumuKo KlVT)flu Upxi~Et vc avU7ITUO'O'E'tat.

o N'tEfl1tOP ypa<pEt rnv «Kotvorvia TOV e€apaTO<;» Kat 0 BUVEyKEfl 'to « Ilpavuateia l:afJovapBIPp npo; xpr,fTf/ rorv veOJv y€V€mv». Kat ru DUO EKOioovtat 'to 1967. 0 BUVEyKEfl UVU<pEPEt on 'to ~t~Aio ron (l1[Oppi<pellKE U1t' oAou~ rou; EKoonKou~ OiKOU~, aAAa tT}V EnoflEvrl trov tUPUXwv oro Aucrspvrup, 0 PWflOV KEVW, tOU ~TtTllO'E E1tEtyOvro»; to KEiflEVO: EiXE nElO'Et tOY EKOOTTJ tOU OiKOU Gallimard vo to EKOOO'Et. ~EV eivoi ouo»; OUtE T} «Kotvcovia TOV e€ap,aroc;» ours T} «Ilpayuateia l:apov6.p-Blfip npo; xpr,CJrf rorv veOJv y€V€mv» 1tOU eu yivouv uvap1tuO'tu rnv nepiooo EKEiVT), aMa iv« rptro ~t~Aio, to «Ilepi T17r; ABAloT17rar; rmv Q>olT17TlKmV K6KAOJv» 1tOU ElXE ypu<ptEi uno 'tOY Mouomoc Krrytrm, KutuO'tUmUKO flE flEyaAT} opaO'T} oro LtPUO'~oupyo. To ~t~Aio uu'to 1tUpOOOTllO'E rnv UVUtUpuXtl O'E oAu rn TIuVEIDO'tTtflta. LtO Ilcvemonuuo tT}C; NUvtEP, 01tOU Tt0T} Spuornptoaotsirm 0 NtuvtEA Kov-Mnevrtr, eu O'Ufl~aAEt O'tT}V yEVvT}O'T} tOU KtvitflUtOC; rorv AUO'O'UO'fltvroV. 0 BUVEyKEfl nEpV<lEl tOY Mruo tOU '68 O'tO Ilupiot, uvaflEO'u O'tO Xpruumorqpto Kat rnv 000 LUtv ZUK, onou O'UXV~ouv OAot ot Knmoruotoxoi. 'HOT} KUe' 01.,11 uutl) t11V 1tEpiooo EXEt O'tuflutTtm:t vc OtOamcEl. To 1964, OtWXVEtat uno to TIuvEID()tTtfl10

9

E~atTi~ TTJ~ EpronK1l~ nEplnETE1~ nou &iXE J,J£ Jlla <pOttitTpui TOU. Ano TOTE apxiSEl TJ O'UvEpyaO'ia TOU JlE Ot(i<pOPE~ EyuKAonaioE1E~. ym va E~OtKOVoJld tu zpo; TO STJV

o PaOUA BavEyKEJl slvm it0TJ naTEp~ 4 natoubv. ru ~yaSEl OUO'KOAa nEpa. aMa TOUAaX10'TOV ceroAaJl~aVEl TTJv anOAuTTJ EA.&u9Epia non TOU xaptsEl 11 cruyypa<pit .

~Ta TEATJ TOU 1968, O'TTJ Bsverin, AaJl~aVEl xwpa to TEA.&uTaio O'UVEOP1O TTJ~ K . ..1. 01 napatritO'El~ xm Ot otaypa<pE~ aKOAou90uv TJ Jlta TTJV aMTJ. Auo XPOVlU apyOTEpa, 0 BUVEyKEJl O'TEAVEl tTJV nnpcitTJcrTt TOU oro fKU NtEJl1tOp. 01 SUO avtPE~ om 9a ~ava~pE90uv nOTe.

H TEA.&uTaia 0TJJloma EJl<paVlml TOU itTav O'tTJV 8taoitAroO'TJ nou EY1VE oro BEA yto J,J£Ta TO ~EO'1taO'Jla TOl> O'KavoaAou ltatOEpaO'Tia~ Kat TTJ~ U1tO- 9EO'TJ~ NtuTPOU. ..11aOitAroO'E JlaSi us 200.000 avepwnou<; croix; OpOJlOl>~ nov BpU~EAAffiV. Knm TTJv anO\I'it TOU. aUTO TO Eioo~ aKpaia<; anavepro- 7tl~ 1tOU stvct to EJl1tOP1O 1tat01WV, U1tOTEA.&i anAw~ TTJV KOPl><Pit TOU 1tay6~ouvou Jll~ YEVlKEUJlEv1l~ U1tavepro1tl~ nou U1taPXEl O'E AaveaVOl>O'a JlOP<Pit.

2. I:.t.M. To KElIlINO 1[00 E~T]YEl rou; AOyOU<; tT]<; 1[apaitT]oTJ<; KaSw<; Kat T] OPYtOIlEvrt alt(lVtT]oT] tT]<; Karao"raataKi!<; LltESvoU<; umipxo1)v OtO PtPAio «To aAT]Slv6 OXiol1a OtT] LltESvTJ», EKO. EAEY0EPOI: TYOOI:.

10

«Eluccrs tu 1tUlOHl EYo<; EPEl1tffi~OU KOcrJlOU 1tOU 1tpocr1taGouv va avay~Gouv cr' Eva KOcrJlO 1tOU 1tPE1tEt va ~ava011JltOUPYTlGEl. To va JlUeOUJlE va stuuors avGpW1ttVOl stvot 11 JlOVll' ptsocr1tacnxornru» .

To KEiJlEVo «EYKWPIO T11e; eKAE7CTVf7pf:vfJe; teuxeAlae;» 1tapOumucrTllKE to LE1ttEJl~PtO tOU 1996 a1to n<; EKOOcrEt<; tOU Ksvrpou I10Jl1ttVTOU, Jlast JlE (i)J..a KEtJlEVa, .oru 1tAaima Jlta<; EKGEOll<; JlE eEJla rnv tqmEAtu. II onvepyuofu tOU Bav&yKEJl JlE ivo» 1tOAlncrnKo GEcrJlO, 01[(0<; ElVUl to Ksvrpo IloumVTO'l>, 1tatcOvta<; EKEl 1tOU 1taAtOtEpa E<pruVE, rrttYJlaticrtTJKE cero 1tOMOl><;, auto OJlffi<; OEY J.lElcOVEt Ka80Aou tTJV ~ta tOU KEIJlEvOU.

A.Z.

11

EPrA TOY PAOYA BANErKEM

1. Traite de savoir-vivre a I' usage des jeunes generations, Ilnptot, Gallimard, 1967. ErruvEKOOcrT), ostpn «Folio actuel», 1992. EKoOellKE O'TU EAAllvtKa ue TOV ThAO H Exavaatoan T1}C;; Ka81JJ1ep1V17C;; 'm~c;;, EKOOO'E1C; AK~V, 1977.

2. Le Livre des plaisirs, EKOOO'E1C; Encre, 1977. ErrUVEKOOcrT), EKO. Labor, 1993. LTU EAAllvlKa, H BifiA_oc;; rmv Hoovtov, EKO. EAz6eEpO<; Turro<;, 1980.

3. Adresse aux vivants sur la mort qui les gouverne et I' opportunite de s' en defaire, Iluplm, EKO. Seghers-Laffont, 1990. ~TU EAAllvtKcl, M~vvJ1a atoix; Zmvravovc;;, EKO. EAEUeEpO<; Turroc;, 1995.

4. La Resistance au Christianisme. Les heresies des origines au XVIlle siecle, Ilopiot, EKO. Fayard, 1993.

5. Les Heresies, Ilnpim, O'Elpa «Que sais-je?», 1994.

6. Avertissemnet aux ecoliers et lyceens. Ilupiot, EKO. Mille et une Nuits, 1995. ~TU EMllvlKa. To TtAoC;; T1}C;; E~6.pT1}(J1JC;;, EKO. EAz6eEpO<; Turroc;, 1996.

12

7. Nous qui desirons sans fin, C)«). Cherche-Midi, 1996.

1. Tp0J10KpaTia ~ exavaatoan., E)«). EA£U9EPO<; Tuno<;.

3. H Avtt-totopia TOV LOVPPCal,Uf.LOV, IlE 'to 'l'cu8wvoJ.lo <l>puvcrouu Nrunoui, c)(8. EA£U9EPOC; Tuno<;, 1985.

4. Avo J1cAi:rcc; yta rov Aonpeauov, BUVcyKEIlKUPUV'tE)(, C)(D. 'Y\jIlAOV, 1985.

5. EmcrtoATt TOU LtaAtV ore nat8lU 'tOD AVUtOATt<; Kat ilumt<; nOD Em'tEAOD<; tXODV cr1JJ.l<PlAtw9Ei, c)(8. EA£U9EPO<; TU1[o<;, 1993.

6. A7ro tnv aypza axepyia am YCV1KCVJ1i:v'l aVToc)lcVOvV01'/, J.lc 'to \jIcu6wVUll0 Ratgeb, C)«). ,1tc9vtlc; B~A109TtK1l, 1976.

13

ErKUMIO THl: EKAEnTnMENHl:

TEMnEAIAl:

LtTJ 8swpia zou 0'<PUP11Aari]811Ks OlSttKU u' auri]v, 11 rEJl1tSAtU w<psAl1811KE 1tOA1> ano rnv aUsavoJl&V1l OUO'llEvEla, ornv onotc nEplEnEO'E 11 Epyacria. H Ka811Jl&PlYJl Epyamaril anOKnlvWO'11, txovr~ yta JlCYUAO OtUO'tllJla avayopsu8Ei O'E apErll uno 1;l1V 111tooP~ouu~iu nou U1tOKOJlt~E ru O<PEAll Kat uno ru; O'UVOtKaAtcrnKE~ 'Ypa<pEtOKpuris~, oru; onots; olacr<pciAt~E rnv u1tEpasia r11e; E~oucriac; roue, rEAtKU KarEAT)SE va avayvwptcrrEi we; «oro nou 1tpaYJlattKU stvci: Jlla avucrrpO<J>l1 aAXTlJl&ia, non Jlsrarptn&1 O'E JlOAUf380 to XPUO'U<Pt roo unapstaK01> 1tAoUrou.

Qcrrocro, 11 EKriJl11O'11 mv onoia KUUXtErat on tXEl KEpoicrE\ 11 rEJl1tSAtU, 0&\1 EXEt nU'I'El OtOAOU vu \)1to~aeJli~Erat uno r11 OlEO'11 O"U~suS11~ non, ESOllOtowovrac; 11At8twoffie; tu ~ffia Jl& 0, n mo aSlOKara<ppoV11ro txouv ot uv8pwnot, O'UV&Xi~Et vc O'UV8ESl ro r~ir~lKu us ro J.LtpJlT)YKa. etAouJl& os

14

OSAOV!l8, 11 'tEllnEAUl napallSvEl OEOJ.Ua 't"ll~ Epyaoi~ 't11V onoin unoppbtrei, E'YKrollui~oV't"~ mv,

H npW't11 CJKE'I'l1, ornv npoxernn va ll11v KavEl~ rbroru, OEY EiVat 1t(O~ mrro EiVat UV't"OV011't"O; AAiIlOVO, ~oa OE IlID xorvorvta nov Il~ Otxa~Et aKa't"anavo't"a, nro~ eivoi DuVatOV va nA11maoovllE rov sauro Il~ anpOCJKon't"a~ nro~ va ~OA£v'tOUIlE Xropi~ DVCJKoAia, G' avnl rnv euA.oyll~ xurnotuCJT) ozou DEY ~amAzUEt napa 11 paOvllia 't"11~ E1ttOVlli~;

MiF[ro~ tn nuV't"a DEY ~piCJKoV't"at 0& KiVllCJ1l ym va 'tapo.~ovv, IlE tn KaAl>'t"Epa E1ttX&tPTtlla'ta tou J(aOTtKOV't"O~ Kat 't"11~ EYoxiJ~, 't"T) YaAiJvta ropa 't"11~ 11PElli~ oruv eiom 1l0VO~ ue rov eouro GOV; 0 rKEOpyK rKpOV't"EK avnAall~aVOtav opOo., ornv tEXVTl tou va ll11v Ko.VEtC; rinoru, 'to CJ1lIlMt IltaC; CJUv&iDllCJT)~ npaYllanKo. an&A£vO&pro~C; ceto roix; nOAvaptOJ1ov~ J(a't"avaYKuolloU~, nov ano 't"11 YSvv"CJ1l roC; to Oo.vu'to usturpsnouv 't11 ~roTt 0& Ilta <f>pEVitP11 napayroYTt ron rizoru.

Etpnore rooo ~vllrollSvot Il& 'to nap6.00~o, rome 11 't"&J1nEAto. OEY ano't"EAEi OSlla 0't"0 ozoio 0& Ou uzopououps va &nEK'taOouIlE anAo., onroc; Ou 'to

15

amlt1:0UOE II <pU0fl, J.lE 'tllv 1tPOU1t()SEOfl on Kat II q>UOfl Sa ~l1tOpOUOE va 1tpOOE')"ytOSEi J.lE aJ.lEoOrrt'ta.

H Epyama EKq>UAtcrE rnv 'tEJ.l1tEAUl. Tnv tKavE zourcvc 'tll~ rnv iota mtYJ.lTJ 1tOU II 1ta'tptaPXtKi] E~ouoia tpAe1tE O'tll yuvaiKa mv aVU1tUUOfl ron 1tOAeJ.lto'tiJ. Tnv EvtuOE YEAoia J.lE nc; U1tOKptmEC; 'tfl<;, otuv to vexporoueio nov EKJ.lE'ta.AAeutptcOV KotVWvtKcOV 'tU~EWV cruVtaunsE rnv EpyamaKi] opaO'tflPlOtllta J.lE rnv J.lovaOtKi] xEtpwVaKttKi] 1tapaywYTJ .

Tt Tt'tav OWt uuroi ot tOXUpoi. ot J.l0VUPXE<;. oi aplo'toKputE<;, 01 aVcOtEpOl a~lWJ.latOUxOl, ov Oxt EpyUtE<; tOU 1tVwJ.lato<;, smoopnousvot vo EmpuAOUV tTlv Epyaoia 0' au'tou<; 1tOU 1tpoTlYOUJ.1Evw<; «dXav tPEAAaVEt»; AutTJ Tl paSuJ.lia yta rnv onofn KOJ.l1taSav 01 1tAOUmot Kat II onotc tptq>Et avu EKatO xpovtu 'tfl J.lVllmKuKiu tWV Kata1tlE0J.1EvWV, uou q>aivEt<.u on U1t&XEt apKEru cero rnv EtOUMtaKi] KarUOtUOll 'tfl<; tEJ.l1tEA1<i<;.

nw~ KUJ.lUPcOVOUV OWL uuroi 01 KEV600~ot aptcrtOKpUtE<;, Kmpoq>uAaKtwV'ta.<; rnv 1tUpUJ.ltKPTt 1tapaA.e1'l'Tl. rnv UUO'tTlPTt rTtPTlOfl nov TImwv, Emq>uA.aKttKoi a1tEvavtl croix; OOUWue; 1tOU KPUPOUV tTl OUOUp&crKEla. Kat rnv 1tEPlq>poVllcrTt

16

TOU~ KUTID wt6 TIl OOUAmtpe1tEta, E1C't'6~ Jet av 1tp6KetTat vc ron; ~aA.oUV vc OOKtJlUO'OUV 1[PIDTot TCl <p<lY'lTU 1[00 f:xOUV KClpuKeUO'et JlB n~ ~ClO'Kavie~ TII~ StlAt~ Kat 'tTl~ eKOi1CTlO'T)~. Tt KoupClO'nKt) 1tOU stvm clU'tl) 11 TeJl1tEAtU Kat 1t6O'T) OOUAtK6'tTlTCl U1[Upxet ern O'UvexfJ Tep'l'll JltCl~ KClTU 1[ClpClY'YeAiav <PtA.o<pPOm)VI1~!

eu Jl1tOPOUO'UflB vc 1[OUflB ytU TOV ropavvo On, TOUAaXtO'TOV OpOmseTat U1[O TIlV BUX,upiO"tTlO'T) vc TOV U1tUK060UV; /).ev U1tUPXet mo UOAtU euxupi- 0''tTl0'T) U1[' ClUTt), 1[00 JlB uvrinuo 'tTl ouO'upeO'KetU TIDVaMIDV, U<pt)Vet O'TO O"tO).1U TIlV IDKptl yeUO'T) 1[OU 1tpOKaA.ei! eCl O'UJl<pIDv06O'ClJlB OTt TO VU KpuneTat KClVe~, Jl' ClUTO TOV Tp61tO, U1tEpavID TIDV 1[OTU1tIDV UO"X.OAtIDV, oev eXet KUJliu O"X.EO'T) JlB TIlV ~eKOUpUO'T) Kat Ot6A.oU Ssv euvoei TIlV BUX,UptO"tTl KUTUO"tUO'T) TOU vc Jl11V Kavet~ Ti1[O'tCl.

AVUJl<Pi~oA.a, 0 emXetp11JluTi~, TO U<pevTtKO, 0 ypU<petOKpUTII~ Ssv uO"X.oA.06vrUt, E~ID wto rnv eP'Yumu TOU~, JlB ivo» otKtUK6 Tp01tO SIDfJ~, 1tOU stvm nsptccotepo KOUpUO"nKO~ 1[UpU aveTO<;. /).ev ~EPID av uvai;l1TOUV TIl JlOV~tU TOU VOflUPXJ1 O"tOU<;

17 KU~1[oU~3 aJJ.iJ. Olva. q><lVEPWVOUV 0' aU'rou~ ~ta tuOTl npo; tTl 8ta.()1(E8aOTl rrapu npo; rnv tEI.mEAtu. L\cv sivm cUKOAO va 8ta.KO'l'Et KavEi~ tOY puO~o nou tOY o1tpffiXVEt ozo to spyocrcmo OtO ypu<pEio, a1to to ypu<pEio OtO XPTJ~att(HTJPtO Kat ano tTl oUOKE'I'TJ JlEtU ycU~ato~ oro ycU~a ~EtU (JU()1(E'I'Ero~. 0 xpovo~ 1tOU ~aq>vtKU a8Etu~Et ceto rnv voutounnxr] Aoytonrit tOU, etvoi xpovo~ VEKPO~, ~OAt~ 1tOU U1tUPXEl. IIEpa uno rnv aioOTJOTJ TT\<; TJOlrit~, rrpE1tEt va EXEt XUOEl KavEi<; Kat rnv aioOTJOTI tTJ<; a1t080nKOTT\ta.<; yta. vc npoczoistrm aVEpuOpiaota on unopsi va EtOEAOEI Kat va ~OAEUtEi 0' uutov.

AtvE yta tOY U1tVO on eivct tva rrpay~anKo <.pup~aKo yt' rmrov 1tOU piXVEtat KaOTl~ptvu OE tva ayowa Spouou svavnu OtO xpovo. AJJ....u 1t010<; 00. tOAJlTJOEt, 0' tva 1tOAE~O, 01tOU avu rruoa ony~TJ stvm EKtEOEt~tvo~ 0TT\ q>ronu 1tOU tpeostrn uno tOY aVtayroV1o~o, va OTJK(J)OEt tTJ AEurit onuuin yta ~ta. onY~TJ uvu1tauAa.<;; Mnz; EXOUV E1taVaAU~El apKEtE<; q>OPE~ to xuruorpoqmco rrapu8Ely~a troy «TJ80vwv TT\<; Ka1tOUTl9> 01tOU 0 A vvi~u<;, U1tOKUnrovrc; uyvroato OE noio ~uYE~a troy ataOTJOErov,

3. l:.T.M. Le sous-prefet aux champs: OlTJyruuI TOO A. Daudet (1840-1897), 111[0 TO ~t~Aio TOO Les lettres de mon moulin, £~1tV£u(J~tvo 111[0 TTl ~O)TJ orq y£vE't£tpa TOU.

18

XaVE1 Y1U mrvru TIl ProJlll aAAa Kat TU O<PEA'1 U1tO ru; KUTUKTtl(JE1S TOU.

Elver 1tpO<pUVES: <JE EvU KOOJlO 01tOU Tl1tOTU OEY unoxnsrm Xropi<; rnv Epyuoiu tllS OUVUJlll<; Kat TIle; 1tuvoupyiac;, 11 tEJl1tEA1a sivor Jlta UOUVUJliU, utn ~AUKdu, EvU O<paAJlu, Evac; AuveUOJlEvOe; U1tOAOY1- OJlOe;. dEY Jl1tOPOUJlE vc rnv 1tpooEyyiooUJlE 1tupa aUaSovrac; crUJl1tUV, 0llAU0tl U1tUP~ll. Aur« O'UJl~uivouv

ME Ota~E~atrovouv 1[(0e; Evac; OlEUOuvrt)<; tpam:S(l(;, ~pEellKE Jlla JlEpa KUtEOtpUJlJ.1Ev0e;, EYKUtUAEAE1JlJlEvOe; U1t' OAOUe; Kat vrpomeouevoc. Mur yroVla ornv E~oxtl tOY U1tOOEXEtat. KaU1EpyEi AiYEC; KAllJlatUp1Ee;. 'Evac; AaXUVOKT}1tOe;, JlEp1KEe; KOtEe; Kat 11 q>tAiU rorv YE1tOVroV UPKO'UV yta 1'1e; UVaYKEe; tOU. AfJXiSE1 VU UVUKUAD1t1'E1 EV'tU1troO'lUKa 1t pay JlU1'U: TIl OUOll 1'OU tlA10U, 1'0 1tatyvt010JlU tOU qxoro; Ka1'ro U1tO tu ompu, 1'11 Jlupro01a tlle; eaAUOO(l(;, TIl YEDOTJ 1'OU 'l'roJltoD 1tOU SDJlroOE Kat E'I'llOE, TO tPUYODOt nov ~Utpaxrov, 1'0 O'UVUp1tUO'tlKO axi1Jla TIlS opxt8EUe;, ru; OVEtP01tOAtl0E1e; 1'1le; YllS rnv ropu tlle; 1tprolvt)e; tl1'lle; E01tEplvt)e; opomac;. H U1tOOTPO<Ptl yta utu D1tUP~ll UVuAroJl~ JlEOU 0TIlV ayvotu 1'OU EaU1'OU 1'OU, 1'OU 1tPOOq>EPE ~UU

19

eEcrTl O"W crUJ.l1tav. To J.lOVO 1tOU a1tEJ.lEVE itTav va J.laOEt 1t0:><; va rnv KaTaK'titcrEt ..

o OpOJ.lo<; OEV etvoi rooo El)KOAO<;. Fin vc 'tOY ~ava~pEiTE, OEV apKEi 0 a1tOKAEtcrIlO<; ()(l<; ceto tvav xoouo 1tOU cra<; a1tOmiEl a1to TOV erroro ouq, Av Tt'tav ETm, OEV ea UnTtPXE OUTE tvw; aVEpyo<; 1tOU va IlTJv ytVOTav 1tOtTJrft<; TOU J.lEUOV'tO<;.

o aVEpy0<;, n<; 1tEptcrcrOTEPE<; <P0PE<;, OEV avftKEt crTOV EauTo TOU, cruvEXil;El va uvrpcst crTTJV Epyacria. AUTo 1tOU 'tOY Ka'tEcr'tpE'I'E, pixvoV't<i<; 'tOY crTTJV aMOTpirocrTl 'tOU spyoomotou it TOU ypa<pEiou, cruvExil;El va 'tOY pOKavil;El E~o)'tEptKa, oov 'tOY 1tOVO EVO<; KOJ.lJ.ltvOU IlEAOU<; TOU crO:> unt 0<;. Ono»; Kat 0 EKjlE'talliutit<; srot Kat 0 EKJ.lE'taAAwOJ.lEVO<; OEV EXEt OtOAOU tTJV EUKatpia va a<ptEproeEi aVE1ttq>UAaKta oru; TJOOVE<; LT]<; TEJ.l1tEAt<i<;.

Liyoupa U1tapXEl 1toVTJpta oro va KaVEt<; ooo to ouvatov AtyOtEpa yta tva orpevnxo, vc crTaJ.lata<; omv yupva LT]V 1tAaLT] , vn ouunompe«; n; aAU(5- criOE<; 1tapayroyit<; Kat ru; ll11xavE<;, vc acrKEi<; rnv tEXVT] LT]<; OlKatOAOYTJJ.ttvTJ<; a1toucria<;. H tEIl1tEAta Ota<puAacrcrEt EOO:> rnv uyEia Kat 1tpocrolOEl ornv uvnrpomt svcv EUxaptcrta rovomxo xapaKtitpa. L1tal;Et tTJV uvin LT]<; OO'UAtKoTTJta<;, uvatpsi ru;

20

C>1U:tuy6;;. &1(c>tKel'tUl 'to' XPOVO' ytu n<; O'KLOl cops; 1tO'U u<putpEi U1tO TIl SOlt1 (JU<; KUl 1tO'U KUVEvU<; f.llO'flo<; OEV eu E1tl'tPE'I'Et VU UVUK'tt1O'E'tE. ME uyptu

J.luviu ~E1uJ;~Et 1(\ fiA.Au AE1t'tU U1tO 'to' PO'AOt'

EAEyXO'U nou, 'tEJ.lUxtSO'VTU<; rnv llJ.1EPu. UU~UVEt ru KEPC>ll rou uosvnxou.

Nut, MAU 'to' EproTIlJ.lU 1tUpUJ.1EvEt: J.l1tO'P06J.lE va UVTAt1O'O'UJ.lE UVE1tl<pUAUKLU O'1tOlu81l1tOtE U1tOAUUO'1l. 6'tUV UUtO 1tPO'U1tO'eEt'Et rnv KUtUO't'PO'<Pt1 t'1l<; U1tOAUUO'1l<; rou illO'u; (.:.)tAEt<; vc O'E U1tUKO'UO'UV; Auto C>EV 1tPOKEt'tUt VU yiVEt Kat 1tPO'XOlpro O'TIlV SOlVTuviJ U1tOC>Et~ll. UPVO'UJ.lEVO'<; tll C>UVUJ.l1l O'OU E1tUVOO J.l0U, O'UVTpi~OVTU<; UUt't1 rnv E~O'uO'iu 1tO'U tll flEOOPEi<;, UV 6xt uuovin, to'UAUllO't'O'V J.lUKPOxPO'V1l.

EuyEVT)<;; UcrxoAiu 11 UVUt'PO'ml 'tll<;; 1tO't'a.ml<;; EpyUO'lU<;. UVUJ.l<pl~O'AU. uA.M 11 C>O'UAEtU C>O'UAEtU! Nu AO'l1tOV xt EO'Ei<;. O'UV to' U<pEV'ttKO to' 01tO'iO' 1tUPUJ.lO'VEUEt rov ili<p'tll U1t'TJPETIl, tEJ.l1tEAtUsEtE 1tapaJ.lO'VEUO'VTU<; to' noevnxo, yta vc to' ili'l'EtE KMU'tEpU. H tEJ.l1tEAtU OEV dvut VO'll'Lt1 orov yiVE'Lut oru KPU<pU. XPEtUSEt'at UVEO'1l. 01too<;; O'tO'V sporru. '01tOlO<; sivm O'TIlV to'iAtU. OEV sEt KUeOAO'U, 1l sEt J.lE'tpioo<;;.

21

Kat Em1tABOV, 1tOO11 mxpin, va J.l11v J.l1topdC; va KaTaO'TpE\jIElC;, 00'0 l>1to1JAa EmftuJ.ldc;, TOV 11DOVlcrJ.lO nov EKJ.lETa.M£mOW, 00'0 J.lETPIOC; Kl av dvat! «Epau; D01JAzU01JJ.lE K1 a1JTOl YEJ.ltS01JVE ru; J.l1taKEe; T01Je;», ABEL TO TpayoUDl. .A)..)...6. 01tWe; Kat 01 UO'EJ.lVOl 1ta1tUDEt; T01Je; 01toi01Je; 0 1taA10t; avTtd11- pIKaAIO'J.lOe; KaT11YOPOUO'E OTt EX01JV ~1JOlO'Td (}T11V aKoAaO'ia, 01 'l80VlO'J.lOs DEV Oa ~Tav 6, tt KaAUTEPO Oa unopoocov va dXav EmruXEl (}TTl SWl1 T01Jt; 01 EKJ.lETaAAE1JTEC;, av 0 q>6~0t; nov EKJ.lETaAAE1JOJ.lEv(J)V DEY T01Js dXE KUTa()lKUO'El O'E ~mO'nKOUe; Kat Kp1J<j>OUe; \jI1JXuvaYKaO'J.lOUe;; To 1tpOVOJ.lLO TWV 1tPOAETUP1WV 1t01J XElpa<j>ETOUVTat Kat a1tO TTlV Epya(}ta 1t01J T01Je; J.llO'OODOTEt Kat a1t' a1JTOUe; 1t01J Kap1tWVoVTat T11V 1J1tEp~iu T11s, EtVUl aKpl~wt; '1 1tPO(}EYY1(}11 T11e; a1tOAa1J011t; T01J Ea1JTOU T01Je; Kat T01J KOO'J.101J.

H a1tOA<1'\)011 Kat 11 (j1JVElD11cr1l TTle;, 1t01) aKovisETat ym va T11V TEAOlO1tOl~(}El, KaTEX01JV E1tapKwt; TTl YVW011 ym va a1tEAEuOEpWOOUV a1t' 6, n ru; 1tEP10pisEl 11 ru; Dla<j>OEipEl. PWTl1(}TE a1JTOUS 1t01J J.laOaivo1Jv vc aM.11AoayamouVTUl!

O,Tt l(}xUEl ym TTlV ayu1t1l lcrxUEl Kat ym TTlV TEJ.l1tEAIU Kat T11V a1tOAa1J(}l1 T11s. ~1JXVU U1taTO)J.la(}TE. 'Eva PE1tOPTUS Yla KWr0101J<; aKTl1J.l0vE<;

22

~PaStAl(lVOU~ a'Ypon:~, EYm J.lZ'(aAe~ E1CtacrEt~ 1tapeJlEVUV aKaAf..teP'YTrtE~ otn xepta nov tcSlOK"tll'tmv, ~ovacStril &yvota nov onoirov T}'tav 1tm~ va 'tt~ Kpa'tT}crouv U1tO rnv tcSlOK't11cria roue, rou; E~<pavtsE oe ~ta ~E'YaA11 nopeic 'tll~ ~tsept~, va KpacSaivouv otuupouq, us rou; 1ta1tacSE~ E1t1KE<paAT}~, a<p06 11 EW11cria rou; npooscepe Ka011~Eptva iv« VEpO~1tOUf..t a1tO PUst Kat <pacrOf..ta. Xnprv 'tll~ avttKEt~EV1KO't11't~ 'tll~ _1tf..11PO<POP11Ol1~, 1tapE~~aAO'tUV, crU~<pmva ps roix; xovove; rou ~oV'taS, iv« cuunooto ozou 01 tcSlOKnltE~ 'Y11~, tpm'YmV'ta~ a<pOova AOUKavtKa Kat upvtoiu ~1tOu'ta1C1a, KpaUyaSav 'Yta tn cStKatm~ata tOU~ Kat cSta~aprupovrov 'Yta 'tt~ E1t10ecrEt~ 1tOU cSexoV'tuv, OEmpmV't~ tOU~ sourou; 'tOU~ eu~ata.

Avcueo« cr'tll ~tsEpta rrov 'tpo~a'Y~&vmv npoxpirrov Kat t11V EUcr1tA.aXVia rrov oxrnuoverv, Oa f..&ya~ On 01 npdrrot 8EY a1tOAa~~avouv 't11 'Y11 roue, 'Ytati to uovo 1tOU exouv etvoi 11 tcStOK'tllcria Kat 01 8EU'tEP01, orou; onoioix; Oa taiptaSE 11 a1tOAaUOl1 'tll~ 'Y11<; aUtT}~, cSEY etvoi xcv oe OeOl1 va a1tOAaucrouv 0, ttcSft1tOtE.

H KatacrtaOl1 cSEY stvm rooo 1taAta ooo <paivEtat. H Eupm1tl1 ~f..&1tEt cri}~Epa ~ta 'Ypa<pEtOKpattril t<l<;l1 va cr'tpa'Y'YiSEt rn xpT}~ata a1to tu

23

crup'tapta 'tOU KEq>a.AaiOU, 1tpOO'1taScOvt~ va tu KaVEt vo KUp1tOq>OPTtcrouv os KAEtcr't6 1C6KAroJla, xropie; vn E1tEV()UEt ce xmvoupyto»; rpozoix; 1tapayroyTte;. Kat ot 1tpoA£'taptot, 1tOU roix; ()t()~aJlE 6n 'to 1tpoA£'tapta'to ()EV u1taPXEt me, ()taJlapropovnn yta TIJV JlEiroO'TJ 'tTle; ayopacrnKite; roix; ()uvaJ.lTle;, EA1ti~ovt~ on Eva JlEYMO xivqun EA£fJJlocrUVfJe; Sa (lVa1tATlpfficrEt TIJv Ka'taPYTlO'TJ trov xorvorvtxrbv KEKTIJJlEvrov, TIJ JlEiroO'TJ rrov JltcrScOv, 'tTl cr'ta<>taKit E~aq>avtO'TJ TIJe; XPTtcrtJlTle; Epyacrt~ Kat TIJ ()tUAUO'TJ 'tTle; EK1tai()EUO'TJC;, rmv <ruyKotvrovtffiv, rmv u1tfJpEcrtffiv UYEi~, 'tTlC; 1totonKite; YEropyi~ Kat 6, n ()EV au~aVEt, J.lE aJlEcra KEP()T\, 'tOY OyKO rou XPTtJ.la'toe; 1tOU eivor crqv U1tfJpEcrta 'tTlC; 1taYK6crJlt~ KEP()OcrK01ti~.

A1t6 E()cO Kat 1tEPa, Tl Jl6VfJ avayvroptcrJlEVrJ ~ia TIJe; Epyacrtae; 1tEptopi~E'tat oro vc EYYUTlSEi Eva J.ltcrS6 oe ooo 'to ()uva't6v zsptooorspoo; Kat Jlta u1tEp~ia crTIJ ()tE8vi} ypaq>EtoKpanKit oAtyapxia. 0 1tpffi'toC; ~O()EUE'tat os KU'tavaAronKa ayaSa Kat oe u1tfJpEcriEe; Jlt~ au~av6JlEVTlC; JlE'tpt6TIJ't~, 'to ()EU'tEPO E1tEV()UE'tat os XPTlJlancr'tTlPtaKEe; KEP<>Ooxome; 1tOU 1tpocr()i()ouv cmv oucovouic Eva xapaK'ti}pa 6AO Kat mo 1tapacrtnK6.

24

'Exm roco KaMl &opmro9&i 11 <rOVft9&ta tOU va a1tO'OEx&crm O'1tOtaOT]1tO't& &pyacria Kat va KataVaMOV&te; 0', nOT]nO't& yta va avncrta9~icr&te; to' tcrO'sUylO rcov ayO'prov 1tO'U KU~&PVu ne; uoipe; oo» rnv naAt6 q>6.vtacr~a TIle; 9&ia.c; Ilpovinq, roors to' va Ku9&crm cr1tltt oou ovri va cru~~tEX&te; orn q>pevinoa 1tO'U KataatpEq>&t to' cr6~1tav, 9&rop&ltat, n&ptEpyroe;, crlCaVOaMOO&e;.

'Eve; an' am06e; tOUe; U1toupyO'Ue;, rev onofrov 11 OtotlCllttlCi] JlllXavi], ore xvupta. ron ytyavnaiO'u oucuncou &~O'nAtcr~06 1tO'U &1tt~apuv&t rnv napayroYT] aya9rov nprotlle; avU'Y1C11e;, Kata~pox9isO'Vta.c; Otcr&KatO'~~upta, O&v q>O'~T]911K& vc Kata'Y'Y&lAEt, ~ TIl ouvnivson rcov otaX&tptatrov TIle; 1tAT\p<>q>OPllcrrte;, roix; VEOUe; npO'VO'JltO'UxOUe; 1tOU stvm ot &1ttXO'PllYO'U~&Vot ue Eva KatrotUtO' ~TJvtaiO' cioooTJ~a., oi cruVt~t06XO't mOTJPO'OPO'~tKO'i, mrrol nou EXO'UV oroP&UV tatptlCi] ~Pt~va., ~ Aiya A6yta ot uv9pomOt 1tO'U a1tO'Aa.Jl~avouv rov U1tVO' roue, TIl crtty~T] 1tO'U ot U1t6Aot1tot xouioovnn ~ Eva mpsvnxo 1tuvro un' to' K&q><iAt roue, to' XPT]~u ron onoiou Ssv crta~atu vc uuyunS&t.

TO' ott u1t<lpxouv 1tPO'AEtUptOt, Eatro KUt &V OUVU~&t &1ttXO'PTJYO'U~O't ~ Eva KatrotatO' ~TJvtaiO' &tcr6oTJ~a., nou onvaivouv KpUq>U orov &VVOtO'AoytK6

25

avaGXl1l1a'ttcr110 'tOW M~EO)v ru; 01tOiE~ EXEt OtlCEtO- 1totl1Sd 11 E~ouaia, ~EV EiVat a1tAm~ a1tO'tEAEal1a 't11~ aYEAai~ l1AtStO't'J1't~. Iluvm a1t' 'tl1v tEl11tEAtU l£AaVtE'tat l1ta rsrotu EVOX'l 1tOU Aiyot 'tOA110UV vc tl1 ~tEK~tl('r1aouv oov amtitPta aVUl£aUAa, 11 onoto 11~ smtpsnst ve cruyKpaTIJSOUJlE Kat vc J..ll1 ~MiaouJ.16 a.Alo om xvupta rou 1taAtOU KOOJ..lOU.

Iloioc a1tO tOU~ xorvrovucc E1ttXOPl1YOUl1EVOU~ Sa t<JXUPtO"Sd on aVaKaAU1ttEt aTIJv U1tap~l1. l£AoUTIJ 1£0U ot nsptocorepot rc yupd>ouv EKd 1tOU ~EV U1tUpxouv; ~EV ~picrKOUV Kal1U1 xapu oro vc l111V KUVOUV rinorc, ~EV tX,OUV OtUSE<f11 va smvoncouv, va ~l1l1toupY'r1aouv, vc OVEtpEU'tOUV, va eovccoroov. LuXVa vrpsaovnn yta rqv EAAEt'Vl1 J.1t~ J.1t08mti!e; al£OKti!vOl<f11e;, l£OU Sa roix; orspooos tl1 YaAi!V'J1l£OU tc:Opa otaSstouv aAM ~EV ~EPOUV tt va t11V xrrvouv.

H EVoxi! JlEtc:OVEt Kat otaO"tpsq>Et rnv tEl1l£EAta, El1l£o~isEt t11 xaptOJ.1anKOt11ta t11~, t11V al£OYUJ..lVc:OVEt al£O TO VOl1l1a TIJ~. Y l£apXEt KaAUtEPl1 euxrnpin cero tt~ al£EpyiE~ yta vc avaotaAEl aUTo~ ° xpovo~ 01£OU 0 KaSev~ TptXEt Kat OE <ptUvEt, K01tt6i;Et yta vu yiVEt unto 1£0U al£oo'tpEq>ETat Kat vc 1111 yiVEt aUTO 1tOU Sa E1ttSU110UaE, l£EPtJ.1EvOVt~

26

't11 mlvrac;11, rnv uppdxrnn Kat TO SuvaTO va J3w..ouv TSAO~ ornv Koupam) TOO;

H optotucn 8taKoml 't11~ &pyacria~ Sa &1tSTP&1t& va 8ta80S&i 11 KaATJ O"Uv&i8110"11 't11~ T&Jl1t&At~, va evSappuvS&i aUTTJ TJ cronTJpta avu1taUO"111tOU Sa Jla~ YAl'troV& ano nOAAa taTptKU s~o8a. To JlOVO 1tOU x.p&tU~&Tat stvm AiYll ocvrcotn, ea O"'tauprocrouJl& ru xSpta, Sa Jl1topoucrav va 1tOUV ot m8TJpo8pouucoi, Sa a1tOKatacrTTJcrouJl& 't11 xaptcrnK0't11Ta TOU x.pOVOU Kat tOU xropou Kat, yta rnv uva'IfUxtl cr~ Sa AetTOUpyi]crooJl& rc rpuivc roors va unopeirs va 8tacrxi~&t& 8rop&uv OAOKATJPTJ 't11 faMia. ea o"uV&xi~aT& KataAaJlJ3uvovr~ epyoornom Kat ypaoeto; Eunpo; AOt1tOV! 'Ico»; STm Sa sJ3Ae1tUV uspucot on TJ t&Jl1t&AtU stvct mo 8TJJltoupytKit cero rnv &pyacria.

AJJ.iJ. 6X,t! To vc 1tapa8&X,8ou ue OTt TJ a1t&pyia stvoi ytOpti], a1tot&Aei uJ3pTJ a1tEvUVn cr' aUTOu~ 1tOU &IDJ.iEvOUV va J3piO"KOUV ac;101tPS1t&ta crTTJV crKAaJ31u 't11~ &pyacri~. Meon ornv T~TJ trov npaYJlUTrov 1tOU Jla~ KUJ3&PVOUV, TJ an&pyia oq>&iAet vc etvoi Jlla KaTUpa, 01tro~ TJ T&Jl1t&AIU. Ilatpvouus Jlta J3tacrnKit nvdon q>pSO"KOU atpa nptv aKOAOUSTJoouus Kelt 1taAt, SappaMa, to 8poJlO tTJ~ 8taq>Sopu~ Kat 't11~ JlOAUVO"11~.

27

T11 8tKat01JJ.la01'aV 1'l1 oUV1'a~l1, avaon:vasouv Ot epyaSoJ..UNOt. Auto 1tOU 8tKalOUJ.la01'e, oUJ.l<prova us 1'l1 AoytKi] 1'11C; a1t080't'tK01'l11'ae;, EXet i]811 1tA11Progei 01'0 8eKa1tAamO. M11 9appehe 1troc; 11 oUV1'~l1 npooeepst em1'EAOUC; tva Ka1'aqnYytO 0' auTi) rqv ~eKOUpaO'l1 1tOU stvru oiyoupa 1'0 mo Uvtoa Ka1'aVeJ.l11JlEvo 1tpaYJ.la 01'OV KOOJ.lO.

Mrpro»; O'U'YXEe1'e 1'l1V 1'eJ.l1teAta us rnv xoupccn; Asv J.ltAcO xav yt' mrro 1'0 1'EAOC; 1'l1C; U1tap~c;, 1tOU OVOJ.laSe1'at, KUVtKa, 811J.ltOuPYtKO, Ka1'a 1'0 onoto, crapaV1'a xpoVta Ka911J.leptvi]c; Ka1'a1tOVl1O'l1C; O'UveXisouv va a1toru1tcOVOUV 1'0 pu9J.lo, E1'm non 11 sroi} ~e<pWyet a1t' 01eC; nc; J.lf:ptEC; Kat Ot J.ttpec; zpoKa1'a~<iMOV1'at 01'0 Aoytmi]plO 1'OU 9ava1'ou. H reJ.l1teAta, 01'l1v onoic 8toxe1'we1'at ~a<pVtKa 1'0 eoprio nov emBuJ.ltcOv, a1tayopwJ.1Evrov em oupnvrn e~80J.ta8tuiec; cOPEC; U1toxpEronKi]c; nnponcriae; 01'0 spyocrcoto it 1'0 ypa<pEio, Sev dvat 1tapa I-na 9At~epil EK1'OVroO'l1, 11 em1'axuvO'l1 yta va 7tpOAa~OUJ.lf: rnv KaBuo1'EP11O'l1, 11 OPJ.ti] 1'OU 5eJlEvou OKUAOU 1tOU ~a<pVtKa eA.eugepcOve1'at.

H 1'eJ.t1teAta, sv O'UV1'oJ.lia, 1t01'E Ssv UV1'tJ.lf:rCOm01'l1Ke KaAU1'epa a1tO 0, rt 11 yuvaiKa 01'0 7tapeA90v Kat yvroptsOUJ.lf: KaAa 1t000 E1tl1pease1'at 'to 1tapov ozo 1'0 1tapeA.90v, 1'ooA.<iXtO'1'OV Ka1'a tn

28

EVVEU OEKU"CU. Orav 11 UpOEVUCT) E~OUmU E~AE1tE O"CT} YUVUtKCl "CT}V avU1tUU<JT} "COU 1tOAEJ..ltcrnl, "COU XUp"CoytUKU it "COU Epyu"Con:xvi"CT}, OEY stvoi E1tEtOit UKpt~m<; "CT}V "C(l1)"Ct~E J..lE "CT}V "CEJ..l1tEA.tU; MtAroV"CU<;, mO"CE VU J..l11 A£Et rtnorc, Cl1tUcrxOAOUJ..lEVll mO"CE VU

J..lTJV UcrxoAEhat J..lE rtnoru, Otu"CTJPOUOE "CT}V

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AxpTJO"CT} Kat KEY600~TJ, E1tPE1tE vc "CT}V

«1tTJOUVE», 61t00<; uKpt~m<; TJ Epyuoiu ~t~Et "CT}V "CEJ..l1tEAtU. E~6pt<J"CT}, 61t00<; 0 UVEPYO<;, U1t6 "CT} J..lTJxavit 1tOU 1tUPUYEt KEPOO<;, OEY U1tOK6J..lt~E U1t6 "COV EAEU9EPO xp6vo "CT}<; 1tUpU "CT} crKtU "CT}<; KUKi)<; "CTJ<; uotpcc, OU"CE 01KatmJ..lU"C<l, OU"CE U1t6A.<lU<JT} J..lOVUXU m\jfEt<; Kat UJ..lUp"ClE<;.

Ild»; VU ~PEt<; avU1tUU<JT} OE J..ltU U1tP~tU 1too <J"CT} XEtp6"CEP11 1tEpi1t"Coo<JT} stvm XUOat6"CTJ"CU KUt O"CT}V KaAU"CEPTJ, 1tp6crxTJJ..lU; Fturi, 61t00<; TJ EpyUmU "CUU"Ct~6"Cav J..lE "CT} OUVUJ..lTJ, TJ "CEJ..l1tEAtU E~EU"CEAt~6"Cuv OUV J..ltU VO<JT}Pit u()UVUJ..ltU. BUOEt J..ltU<; OtEmpUJ..lJ..lEvTJ<;

29 A(ryt1('Jl~, m>V119taJlEvlls orov 7taAtO KOaJlO, TJ E~UvtATJCJT) a7tO tTJV Epyama a7tOtEAOUaE 3EiYJla lY}'Eias, EVro to EUXUptcrtO apaAiKt a7tOKMU1ttE KU7tOW VOCJT)pO crUJl7ttroJla. Tooo a<popTJtO EiVat to PUpO~ tT)~ Epyamas 7tUvro ern ~roit, romE, JlE ~aipECJT) tT) Jlavia yta KUSE Ei30u~ 3paatTJptotntu, xp1)mJlTJ 1) uXPTJmTJ, <paiVEtat Ott OEV EXEt a7tOJlEiVEt rizoru MAO a' Eva xoouo EPEt7troJlEvO. H tEJl7tEAtU eivm Eva KEVO, orov crKU13Et~ a7tO 7twro tOU, KOttU~Ets tT)V u13uaao Kat TJ u13uaao~, 07tro~ Jlas otapE13airovE 0 Niros, K01t~Et eoeve,

A<pou (l7[E3E~E Ott 3EV EiXE KaJlia U7tOataCITl t~ro «no tTJV Epyaaia, tT)V Kata7tiECJT), tTJV avatp0ml, TTJV EVox1) , tT)V EKtovroaT}, tT)V a3uvaJlia 7tOU tT}V xapaKtitpt~E, to m>Jl7tEpaaJla Ott 3EV EiXE KaJlia a~ia, etvm JlEaa orn t..oytKit nov 7tpaYJlUtrov.

A7t' mrro to rbrotn, 0 AAJl7tEP Koospu OTJJlWUPY11aE Eva a7tOAaUattKO Ot1)Y11Jla. To PtPAio tOD, Oi T£I·l1rtAY/&~ TrJ~ E{)(pOPf/~ Koual5a~, Jla~ PU~Et KPU<pU oro onin EVO~ XroplOU. Oi KUt01KOt tOU omnon m>vayO)vi~ovtat aE E7ttVOTJttKOtT)ta yta va Kata<pEpouv vc KOtJlTJSOUV ooo to OUvatOV zepiocorspo. IIpE7tEt vc ucruuooouv tT) ouvoniootc tOU E~rotEP1KOU KOaJlOU, va ~EYEMlaOUV rn 3tEatpaJlIlEVll t~l1 7tOU acrKEi KaJltU <popa 11 Epyama 7twro

30

0" aU'roue; 1tOU EiXav rqv tUx'l vc rnv ayvoouv. To Aty6'tEPO 1tOU Sa , . uropououus vc 1tOUJlE etvm OTt 11 uruooqxupu Ssv tXEt vc KaVEt OU'tE JlE YaAitVll OU'tE IlE tAapo'tll'ta. Mtn aVllO'UX'lTtKTt Aaupa KUptapxEl crnv aUO''tllPit DtEUSt'tllO'1l 'tlle; 1l0'Uxia<;. To aYXoe; 1tapallovEUEt avaJlEO'a O'E Duo PoxaAll'ta. '10'00e; va 1t11Y~El 1tOAU 1tEPIO'O'O'tEPO a1to rnv KOUpaO'1l 'tlle; a1tp~iae; 1tapa a1to Ilta mDExollEVll ava'tponit 'tlle; AE1t'tite; tooppontce; 'tOU rinorc.

Furrt EDch 11 'tEIl1tEAta Dm sivm 1tapa 11 uurciornru moe; U1tVOU xoopie; ovstpu, Eivoi 11 EKDiKllO'1l svavnn ornv unouoin ~ooit~, 'to mimllo moe; 'U1tap~l<lKOU Aoyapl<lO'llou 1tOU 80A01tAOKd JlE 'to Sava'to. ~lEKDtKEhE 'to DtKaioolla rou vc Il11V EiO''tE rtnotn O'E tva crUllnav nou O'a<; tXEt itDll Ka'ta8tKaO'Et O''tTJV avunap~ia. Auto etvoi unEp~oAtKO it OXt upxsro.

Liyo'Upa, U1tapXEt Kanota EuxapiO''tllO'1l oro vc IlTJ DOUAEUEte; yta KavEva, vc Il11V Em8uJlEie; xuvevo; EiDoue; nAOUTtO'Il0, va EKDllAroVEte; itO'Uxa rnv xoivovucn aXPTJO''tia con O'E Eva KOO'Il0 onou Ilta llaVlcODlle; DpaO"tllPlo'tTj'ta, ru; nEptO'O'O'tEpEe; <pO pte;, Ka'taAitYEt aKpt~che; 0'1'0 iDm ano'ttAEO'lla.

31

ncrtocro, to ioto to 7tl~PtEXOp.evO t11<; tE)..t1tEAlcl<; OEY etvoi bEbO~O. H eu9paDcrtOtTJtU t11<; rnv npoOta9EtEt croix; XEtptcrlloU<; EKEiVOD nou 9EAet va Errro<pEATJeEi. «YrruPXEt E~icrOD tEllrrEAHl Kat aODvallia oro va E1tttpErrEtC; va crE KD~EPVOUV» rrapat11poucrE 0 Aa MrrpuytEp.

Oi vroepoi EXODV jnn tUcrTl va nponuouv mv MtKia arro rnv at~ia. Ot opovrtos; nou arrattOUv tu zpovojuu t11<; rrveullatudl<; D1tVTJAia<; Kat t11<; arrp~ia<; OEY rrpODrrOeEtODV junv arrOADtll DrrO'taril crnv tU~TJ rrov rrpaYIlU'trov; To vo E~ayopru;:Et<; rnv avurraD01l us DrrOtaYTt, etvm flta rrotarrit Epyacria. Y rruPXEt rroAu OflOP<PUl ornv 'tEflrrEAtU yta va rnv ~UAODflE ornv l>1t11PEcria tmv rrEAatEtaKrov OXEcrEroV.

LtO IIaMp flO , Kaero<; nepvouce flta Ota0TtArocrTl evcvnn 0t11 Mnrpiu, tva<; venpo; <prova~E ayavaKncr~o<;: «Eivea tPEMOi! Xropt; tll Mmpln, rr01o<; ea flU<; ~OTJ9TtcrEt;» 0 tcrAafltKOC; OAOKAllProtlcrflO<; avnbpu J.lE tOY {ow rpozo. To va siom flta vUfl<PTJ uzo to ~Mflfla tOD AA'AuX Kat usou ern flt~Epta tOD xoouon, ~OTJeU rnv E~ODcria tOD Eflrropiou.

Av TJ tEflrrEAtU crull~t~a~Otav IlE rnv arrUeEta, rnv DrrOtaYTt, to crKOtMtcrflo, bEY ea apyoucrE va

32

Jl1tEl ore 1tPOYPUJlJlaTa TOU KpUTOU~ 1tOU, 1tpoo~Mnovtcc OTTlV KaTUPYTlOTt TOlV K01VO)VlKroV 81KUlO)JlUTo)V, 18puouv 1(10)nKoU~ q)1AavepO)mKOU~ opyrrviOJlOU~ yta va ru aVa1tATlProooUV: {;va crUoTTlJla E1tUlTEi~, 01tOU Oa E~a<paVlOTOUV 01 81EK81KiloEl~ 01 01tOiE~, 1tpuYJlan, f.XOUV 1tUPEl U1tUKOUa (lUTO TO 8pOJlO, av xpivouus a1tO ru; TEArnTaiE~ 8TlJlOmE~ lKEOiE~ 1tUVO) OTO i810 TP01tUP1: «8roOTE Jla~

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M:.<pTa.».

H <pOtVOuoa O1KOVOJlta, f.XOvt~ JlETaTpa1tEi OE EmXEiPTlOTt Jla<p10S1KOU W1tOU, 8EV Oa Jl1tOPOUOE vc OUVU1tUP~El 1tapu JlE Jlla TEJl1tEA1U KEVil a1tO KUOE aVOpromvo 1tEP1EXOJlEVO.

Etvat ioO)~ KUlpO~ va TO avnATl<pOOUJlE, Tl TEJl1tEA1U EiVUl TO XElpOTEPO it TO KaAUTEpo To)V 1tpaYJlUTO)V, aVUAoya JlE TO o» U1tEtcrf.PXETUl OE iv« KOOJlO 01tOU 0 UvOpO)1tO~ 8EV stvor Tt1tOTa it OTTlV npoonrucn 01tOU Of.A£l va EiVUl rn mrvrc, IIpf.1tEl va OJlOAoyitOOUJlE 1t0)~ 8EV yvroptcrE 1tapu Jlta U1tap~Tl aMOTP10)JlEvTt, Jl1taoTap8EJltvTt, D1tOTaYJlEvTt OE OUJl<pf.povta XO)pi~ va f.XEl KaJlia cno ru; EmeuJlTlTf.~ crxf.OE1~ J.1E ru; EAn:i8E~ 1tOU Oa itTav <pUmKO va TTl~ 1tpOO<pf.pOUV.

33

Turrt vu EK1tAayooJlE, otnv cruJ.l~aiVEt aKpt~ro<; to' iDto JlE to' DV 1tDU aUtDa1tDKaAEltat avepro1ttVD Kat to' D1tDiD aVa.AroVEt to' mo O11J.lavnKo KDJ.lcin tDU XPOVDU tDU yta vc a1tDDd~Et nooo AiYD avepro1ttVD sivm. Auto DEY EJ.l1tDDisEt n<; E1tt8uJ.liE<;, DUtE t11 DUVaJ.l11 t11<; <paVtacria<; J.lE TIlV onotc 11 toropiu Kata<pEpVEt 1tDAU 1tEptcrcrotEpa a1to to' va ava1tAllP{ocrEt n<; <JKA11PE<; 1tpaYJ.lattKot11tE<; TIl<;: crKtaypa<pEl ru; aMaYE<; 1tDU roooi KpU<PDi 1t0001 Sl1t06v ceto to. ~ci011 t11<; ,!,uxfI<; tDU<;.

TOtE stvor 1tDU 11 tEJ.l1tEAtci qxrvsprovst tDV

1tADUtD t11<;. Aurf DEY D11J.lt06PY11crE Eva crUJ.l1tUV, DEY E1tE~EP'Ycicrt11KE Eva 1tDAtttcrJ.lO; EutuXtcrJ.lEv11 111 TIl<; E1taYYEAia<; 01tDU, Xropi<; rnv 1tapaJ.ltKPit 1tpDcr1tciOEta, to. mo DPEKttKci nurru KDcrJ.lDUV to. tpa1tEsta, 01tOU to. notri PEDUV ci<pODva crE J.lta a1ticrtEUt11 1t01KtAia, 01tDU, xciptv J.lta<; <PU011<; EY a<pODvia, 01 EKcrranKE<; crttyJ..tE<; tDU Eprota zpooeepovnn 1ticrro wt' n<; A6xJ.u;<;.

A vciJlEcra croix; mo EtP11VtKDU<; AaDu<; t11<; Y11<; ~amAEUEt J.lta YD11tEUnKT) pa8uJ.lia. ApKEl va a1tArocrEt<; to' XEpt it va aVDi~Et<; to' oroun yta vc ucovonouice«; n<; wtattitcrEt<; TIl<; YEU011<; Kat TIl<; a1tOAau011<;.

34

:l:TIl YTI TIle; E1t<lrYEA.iro;, 11 rupeovia aval <pumril, 11 KaA.ooUVfl S~qruTIl, 11 opuovtc KaGoAuCT1· Tbtom, wro 'to ~uGo TOU Xpooou Auovo, ~t 'tOY cDoupffi, <>E\' e9>~VflcrE KaAl>TEpa tu ovstpu 'tOU crm~TO<; Kat TIle; Y11C;, nc; ~Ucr'ttKtc; Kat XapOUJlEVEC; cru~<proviEC; nou cruVEOE'tE ~ta AOYtlCit Em~A.IDc; npoqruA.ayJ.1Evrl ano 'tOY OpGOAoytcr~O TOU EpyamaKoU ava(3paouou, 'tll<; napayroYUCT1<; ~tSSPlro; Kat 'tOU aV'tayrovtcr'ttKoU <pavancr~ou.

IIpsnEt va avaKaMcrou~ TItV avU~VllCJT1 Jl1ro; aoptcr't11C; EnOXlle;, nPOYEVEcr'tEP11C; TOU ayponKou 1tOAtncrJ,10U ~ac;, 0 onoioq YOvtJ,10n01Ei 'tll Y11 ~ 'tOY t<>pm'ta Kat TO ai~a zprv 'tll orstpoost ym vc unoxoulost zepiccorepu xpf]~aTa; Oi aAUcrcri<>E<; 't11C; Epyacriac; Kat 'tOU 1tOAE~tKOU uvruymvtouou, 1tOU oivouv pu0J,10 oro J,1aKu(3plO Xopo 'tOU EI·l1tOpEU~anKOU 1tOAtncrJ,10U, ~tOaviKEUcrav· J.1E EUKOAia ru; K01Vrov1EC; nou ~s<PEUYav ano reroic EmKiv<>uva npovoum.

:l:iyoupa, aA.A.a 11 EtOUMtaril auTi] OUT01tla uvmxoxptvetm upxetn, ov xpivoups uno ru; J,1EAE'tE<; rmv zpotcroorsrov 'tonoGEmmv Kat rorv K01VoTT]'trov onou 11 1tEptcruMoyf] Kap1tmV, 'to \jIupE~a Kat TO KUvf]yt ouv cru~1tAf]pro~a, u<patvav aVUJ,1Ecra oroix; UV<>PEC;, nc; yuvaiKEC;, rn Sma, rnv

35

<PUTUCll ,,(OVlflOnrra Kat tTl Y11 ~eOflOUe; toonuoix, et.p11VUCOUe; Kat Aty6tepo Katrut1£OttKOUe; oe OXECJTt JiB'tOV aypo'ttKO mpet&p\OflO 61too 11 eK~tc:iA.AeuCJTt tTle; <pUCJTte; e1tt<peps tTlV eKflBta.AA.euCJTt avep0>1tOU wID avePO>1tO.

Ae; to 1ta.pa()exeOU~, tOUAclxtmOV, Kuge <pOpU zou avaKaAinttaflB tOY OUfl1ta9i) uypw, xpetaSotav va xafl11MOoou~ TOV TOVO TOW UflVrov KaTU flia rpirn. Le OXECJTt flB ttc; u1to~etYflattKEe; ouuzspt<poPEe;, oi «XtJ3upoe;» Kat ot «Nnryuno» (JUXVu i}Tav aVcOTepm U1t' roo; «T POfl1tPtUVOl>9> 4•

Kat orov TO uovrsso ETep1tE rnv Kap~tU flae;, tt a1tOKOflisaflE EKTOe; cero AiY11 aKofla vomaAyia; llev unupxet KafltU smorpocn OtO napeA90v E~ro ano t11V EKVeuptOttKT} OtEtPOt11ta tTle; VOOTaA yiCXC;.

4. ~.T.M. Ot XtJ3clpos Kat oi NTayuIKl ~Tav uypu;e; cpuAte; TOU Ilsoou Kat TOU Bopvso avrloTOlxa. Oi XtpUpoc; 1tapEllslvav aVS~UpTTJTOt yta aui>vse;. A vrtOTuOrJKav (me; smOEOStc; nov 'Iwae; aJJ..iJ.. Kat OTOV SKXPlaTtaVtOIlO TOUe; a1tO TOUe; Io1tavoue; 1l100oqx}pOUe; KaTU TOV 160 aui>va. IKavOraTOl 1tOA.ElllOTEe; aJJ..iJ.. Kat yso>pyoi. Oi NraytUKl tlTav KUVllyoi K£<paAroV. 'Eqmaxvav OOAa Kat poUXa. 01 T popzpurvoi tlTaV q>lA.E1PTlV1KOi KUTOtKOl TO>V vnouov Tpouzpurv TTle; MSAavTl01W; (11£ TTl ~O>tl TO>V T£A.EuTairov EXOUV aoxoATJOsi 0 MaAtvOcp(J1(1., 0 Mo»; Kat BiAXSAIl PU1X, U1t6 TO 1tpiOlla TTle; avrlm01XTJe; £to\KOrTlTUe; TOUe;).

36

To OVEtpO tll~ Yll~ tll~ E1taYYEAi~ OEV f:XEt crxe<l'Tl fJ£ autiJ t11V omcrSoDpoJlUCll Xauvco01l. AKPt~ro~ E1tEtDiJ sivm crKavDaAcoDro~ E~C01tpaYJlattKO, Em9ufJ£i va EVtaXSd oro 1tEDio tOO 1tpaYJlattKou. ~tatcrSaVOJlacrtE on 0 ououco; 1tAOUtO~ npootpeperm c' uutov 1tOU tOY ~l1tU xcopi~ vc SeABt va tOY AEllAatiJcrEt iJ va tOY ~tucrEt. 'Evce; UVEJlO~ nvsst, AB~ Kat epXEtat a1tO tn ~US11 tll~ totopicc; Kat tOO orouou, 0 UVEJlO~ t11~ Ucr~Ecrtll~ EmSuJli~ yta apuoviu JlE ta ovrc Kat ru 1tpuYJlata, rooo a1tAU 1taprov os OAB~ n~ E1toxe~.

H E1tOxit 1tOU ru ~roa JltAoucrav, 1tOU ru Devrpa Jloip~av a<pEtDro~ cro<pe~ cruJl~OUAe~, 1tOU aKOJla Kat tu uvnxslusvc EiXav ~coiJ, a1tOtEAEi 1tpaYJlarucorrrru yta to 1tatDi. 0 tEJlneA11~ avaKaAUntEt t11 JlaYEia tll~, oro ~ueo~ Jlta~ pa9uJli~ nou tOU SUl1i~Et crurKEXUJ.1Bva t11V npoyevvnrncn tOU unap~l1, rots nou to crUJlnuv tll~ JliJtP~, 11 KotAtU t11s Jl11tepa~, npooeoepe ayu1t11, tpo<piJ Kat crtopyiJ. «Iloie; OAeSptE~ cruveiJKE~, cvcpcmsrui, Jlas EJl1tooi~ouv vo: ~uvaDrocroUJlE crtll <pu<l'TI tOY npooptouo tlls co~ Jl11t&pa tpocoootpto;»

o KEpDocrKomKo~ E~OpSOADYtcrJl~ tlls Epyacria~, l1utata cvnuenomos to Eprot11Jla co~ avU1tapKto Kat 1111 tESBY. 0 tEJlneA11~ yvCOpi~Et, on uson crtll

37

XUPOUJ.1EV11 8tu8E<TIl zou 'tOY unocrnu un6 'tOY nOAUUcrxOAO xoouo 'tOW E7ttXEtpt1crEroV, 'to ovstpo 'tOU 8EY 8XEt unoyl>Ilvro8Ei un6 'to V6T}IlU Kat rn 8UVUIlt1 'tOU.

AVUJlEcru c' uorov Kat 'tOY nEpt~UMOV'tU XcOpo, T} PEIl~c08T}~ UVEJlEAtU UPKEi ytU vc u<pavEt 'tOY toto KUnotrov AEn'tcOV crx8crEroV. A V'ttAull~UVE'tat XiAtE~ nnpouote; oro XOP'tuPt, ore <pUAAU, oe evu ouvVE<pO, c' tvo. UProIlU, c' evu 'toixo, c' evu 81ttnAO, os utn n8'tpu. 3U<pvtKU, 'tOY KU'taAUIl~UVEt T} E1tt8ulliu vn Enuvucruv8E8Ei JlE 'tTl YT} J.18crro reov sororcnov VEUptKcOV lVcOV 'tT}~ Srot1~.

Bptoxstm crE EY6'tT}'tu IlE 'to Srov, J.18cru ern religio", svvotc uV'ti8E'tT} IlE 'tTl 8pT}crKEiu zou uAUcrooosvet 'tT} YT} orov oupuvo Kat 'to crOOIlU oru; Unat'tt1crEt~ 'tOU Ostou 1tVWIlU'tO~. LE uV'ti8E<TIl IlE 'tOY uuoruciorn, non stvm E~6ptcr'to~ un6 'tt~ atcret1crEt~ 'tOU E~at'ti~ 'tT}~ uuronepuppovnorp; 0 'tElln8AT}~ unoKu8tcr't{1 rnv UAtK6'tT}'tu 'tT}~ srot1~ -TTJ uovn nou unUPXEt- J.18cru oro crUllnuv un6 'to onoio 8T}lltoupyEi'tat: 'tOY aapa, 'tT} <pro'tta, 'to VEp6, rn YT},

50 to'toM ME 'tTJv MOta 'tTJ~ EUAa~06~ rrapa't~PTJOTJ~, alto 'to Aa'ttV1KO religio alt' onou rrpo~)1)E TJ aYYA1~ Kat yaMl~ A£~TJ religion (9pTJOlCEia)0

38

to OPDKtO, to q>UttKO, to ~rotKO Kat to avepwmvo 1tOD KA11POV0J..l11crE cer' 0An. aDta tOY 811J..ltoDP'YtKO tOD xapaKtTtpa.

Krrrco a1to rn q>atV0J.UMKTt vroXEAma tOO oveipou 9>1tVa J..lla cruvEi811<J1l 1tOD to Ka911J..lEPlVO coupoxo- 1t11J..la tTl~ EP'Yacri~ a1tOKAdEl a1to t11V KEp80O"K0- 1tlKTt 1tpaYllatlKOt11ta tOD. ~ev tx,El Ka90AoD vc KaVEt JlE Ka1tOtO d80~ nvuuouou, 9P11O"KEUttKTt ~vo11crta 01tOD to 1tVeUlla E1tlXClpEi va OtKEto1t0l119d tu YTttva crtOlXda AE~ Kat 8ev etvm aDtaPKll. A1tOPPEEt a1tAW~ a1tO rnv evtpYEta t11ll. onoic E1taVOlKEto1tOldtat to crwJ..la 1tOD aVa1taUEtat.

Ttn va 1tPOcreyyicrEt 11 tEIl1tEAta tOY t8taitEpO

I xapaKtitpa t11~, 8ev npxei vc upvettm t11V nnvtuXOU nnpouou E1tl9ullia yta Epyacria, XPEtUSEtat va D1taPXEt Ka9' EaDtTt Kat 81' EaDtit. Ilpsnst to otoun, tOD 01tOiOD a1tOtEAEt tva a1t' ru 1tPOVOJ..lta, vc E1tavaKataKt119Et oov 1tE8io rrov E1tl9ulltWv, IlE tOY tP01tO 1tOD to avttAall~aVOvtat 01 eporreuusvo. tTl crnYIlTt 1tOD KaVODV spcoru,

T01tO~ Kat xpOVO~ rrov E1tl9DlllWV, va n 8tEK81KEi vu etvoi aD'tTt 11 'tEJ..l1tEAla, crUJ..lq>rova J..lE tu; E1tl'tayt~ tll~ Kap8t~, rooo UV'ti9EtTl~ JlE rnv 'tEIl1tEAta tll~ Kap81~, ornv onote 1tpoO"1ta9d vc rnv neptoptcei

39

'to OUVll9toJlEvo KOtVWvtKO 1t~UPt. H YADKU't11'ta 'tOD At~aStOU, 11 yaAT]Vll 'tOD KPe~anou ~pi90DV a1tO Eva 1tAT]90C; e1ttSuJltcOV 1tOD a1tOOK01tOUV ornv euroxia Kat 1tOD Ot Ka'tavaYKaOJloi nc; U1tw90uoav, ru; oaKU'teuav, nc; a1tOSeKUnsav Kat nc; lffi'taJlq>lesav us 9ava'tllq>opa voT]Jla'ta.

H Y11 'tllC; e1taYYeAiae; a1toK'tu Eva OK01tO ornv nporuon: oAa stvor ern StUge011 exstvou nou Jla9aivet va e1tt9UJlei atvaa. To «KUVE 0, tt e1tt9DJleiC;» eivrn Eva AE1t'tO AODAOUSl 1tOD Sev Sl1'tU 1tapa va JlEyaAffioet Kat va ouopqnrvst. H ~avaDoornru rorv cvoaoooorov ouv911KcOV 1tOD oiorooo aVexoJlao'te, Jlac; 1tpOO'tUset va 'to 1tapaJleAT]OODJle, AEC; Kat e1teiyet va Jl11V stucore 0 sauto; Jlac;, va Jl11V aVT)KoDJle 1to'tE orov euuro Jlac;.

H 'teJl1tEAtU etvoi a1tOAaD011 'tOD eontou Jlae; T] Sev etvci rbtotu, M11V eA7tlse'te va oac; 1tapaXffiP11gei a1to tu aq>EV'ttKU oac; T] U1tO rou; geoue; 'tODC;. T11V 1tPOoEyyiSODJle, 01tWe; 'to 1tatSi, IlEom Iltac; cpumKf]c; 'tU011C; vc uvaS11'toUJlE mv U1tOAaD011 Kat va 1tUpaKUIl1t'tOUIlE o.n 't11e; cvcvruovetm. Ilpoxsi'tat yta xrm U1tAO 1tOD 11 cOPtJl11 11AtKia StU1tpE1tet oro vu to 1tepmMKet.

40

Nn tEAEtIDVOUJ.1E AOl1tOV J.1E tll m'>YXUOll 1tOU tUUtiSEt rnv tql1tEAUi tOU crIDJlUtOS J.1E rqv 1tVEUJlUttKil JlaAU1CUVOll 1tOU OVOJlUSEtat vID8pOtlltU tOD 1tVeUJlUtOS -AES KUt to 1tVeUJlU OEV stvoi II uUorpuousvr; Jlopq>il tT}s cruvEiollOlls tOU crIDJlUtOS·

H KUtUVOllOll tOO EUUtOU JlUS zou umnrst II tEJl1tEAUi, OEV stvtn UMll U1tO rnv KUtUVOllOll tIDV Em8uJltIDv tts 01tOlEs EXEt uvuYKT} 0 JltKPOKOcrJlOS tOU crIDJlUtOS ytU vc u1tEAeu8EpIDSEi U1tO rnv Epyucriu 1tOU to EJl1tOOisEt EOID KUt atIDVES.

Fum, J1Ecru oro 1tAilSos tIDV EUXIDV Kat tIDV EmSuJltIDV 1tOU KUtUKAUSOUV tOY tEJl1tEAll, 0 ozotoc U1tOq>umcrE EmtEAOU~ VU JlllV Uvi]KEt 1tUpU orov EUUtO tOO, OEV unopst VU 1tUPEtcrq>PUcrEt rizorul

TO<JT} etvoi II OUVUJlll tIDV Em8uJltIDv otuv ~avUJ3PESoUV, ytU vc to 1tOUJ.1E Etm, oa JllU EAeUSEPll KUtUcrtU<JT}, IDcrtE xupieuovrci U1tO tT}V _ UUtanutll Ott Jl1tOPOUV V' aM~OUV tOY KOcrJlO npo; Oq>EAOS roix; Kat UJlEcrU. H 1taAtu Jluyeiu crtOlXEtIDVEt, 1tOAU nepuroorspo U1t' ooo vOJliSooJlE, TIS 1tTUXEs tT}s cruvEioll<JT}~·

«Y 1tUPXEt II JluKpuiIDVT} ziorn» , ypUq>Et 0 KUJl1tEA M1tOVEP, «on Evu UtOJlO, 1tOU exEt OtouXSEi

41

tTl OtaOtKama 1tpO()eyytcrTl<;, J.11tOPEl va Se()Et ()E KlVl1<J11 IlU()'t1'\ptffiOEt\; OUVUllEt\;, tKaVE\; va E1t1lPEU()OUV tTl SEA11<J11 KU1tOtOU WJ..OU Kat va U1tO't~ouv ru ()l)vat()ST]lla'tU 'tOU or«; EmSulliE~ 'tOU 'tEAEroopyo». Au'te\; Ot ouvullEtC; Il1tOPOUV va EYEpyO- 1tOt11S0UV J,tE AOyta, ~KEKptJ,tEva 'tEAE'tOUpytKU Kat aV'ttKEiJ,!EVa 1tOU OtaSE'tOUv KU1tOta SEroPOUJ,tEVll J,taytKi] ouvaJ,t11». Kat 0 Tuncoun M1tEIlE6, nnpcrnpei aKoJ,ta mo EU()'tOXa: «H J,taYEia eivrn 11 J,t11'tEpa 'tOU ovroc, oArov trov ovroiv, a<pou 011J,ttoupyettm a1tO J,tOVl1 tTl~ Kat EVU1tUPXEt ornv Em9uJ,t{a. H 1tpaYJ,tanKi] J,tayEia OEY Eivat Eva OV, EiVat TJ E1tt9uJ,tia, 'to 1tVEUJ,ta 'tOU OV'tO\;». (Erklarung von seehs Punkten).

o I80\; atffivac; Ota'tT]PTJ()E KU1tOta iXVTI au'ti]~ tTl\; «'tEIl1tEAt<ic; 1tOU xtvsi aVEJ,tOJ,tUAOU9>, 't1'\V 01t0{a ava<pepEt 0 Zrop~ LExaV'te. Min aipE<J11 U1tO()'t11- pi~Et 1tpuyJ,tan: «LlEY 1tpem:t va OOUAzUOUJ,tE 1tO'tE IlE tu xepta, aM<i va 1tPO()EUXOJ,la()'tE ()l)vEXffic; Kat. av Ot civepro1tOt 1tPO()EUXOV'tat J,t' au'to 'tOY 'tP01tO, 1'\ YTJ Sa a1tOOffi()Et Xropi\; KaMtepyEta, 1tOAU nspiooo'tEpOUC; Kap1tOU\; a1t' o.n av EiXE KaMtEpyTJSEi».

6. ~:t.M. Boehme Jaxob (1575-1624): Fspuovo; eEOOO<pl(J't~<; Kat flU(J'tlKt(J't~<;, flEA£'t'1't~<; 't'1<; Bi~Aou xut rou TIUpUKEA(JOU.

42

(To uvaq>EpEt 0 H. Grundmann oro Religiose Bewegungen in Mittelalter, EK(). Hildesheim, 1961).

Fin 'to on 'to E"(XEiPlllla uoro ()EV U<P11crE ornv toropiu KU1t01a a1tnl a1tO()Et~l1 't11<; a1tOtEAEcrllanKOt11'tu<; 'tOD, EU9i>vE'tat 1tOAU AtyO'tEPO 11 uvcpuo()to't11'ta ron eEOU npoc rov onoio a1tEU8uvoV'tav 01 1tPOOEUXE<; it Ioo»; Kat KU1t01O<; Aav8acrJ..Ltvo<; 'tP01tO<; 1tpocrtyytcrTt<; a1t' on 11 {()ta 11 1tpocr<puyit ornv 1rPOOEUxit, a<pOU rov va E~ap'tucrat a1t0 KU7t010V aMO yta va Emn>XEl<; mv rooo ()taKaw<; Em8ull11nl aVE~aPTIlcria, EPXE'tat os aV'ti8EcrTt J.1E rnv i()ta rnv 8a11crtl oou Kat EK1tA11ProVEt AiYE<; a1tO n<; Em8ulliE<; cou,

To crUJ.l3tUV reov sm9ufltrov eivm YEIlU'tO a1ro 1tayi()E<; amou ron El()ou<;. Y 1tElcrEPXOVtat 1toMoi KatUVaYKucrlloi, a1tayopwcrEt<;, a1tro8itcrEt<;, autourmcuot srot roors va a1tat'tEl'tat ooo 'to ()uva'tov llE"faAUtEP11 E"(pTjyopcrTt·

rvoopi~ouJ.1E rov tV()tUVtKO ()tOOlC'tlKO llu80. 'Evaq uv8poo1to<; ElXE ~a1tArocrEt ern crKtU EVO<; ()tVtpou <P11lltcrJ..Ltvou yta rn llaytKTj ron ()UVaJl11. Ka8ro<; 'to E()a<po<; rou <pUVflKE KU1too<; crKA11PO, EUXTj811KE va ~a1tAWcrEt mo uvonmmxu, Kat ~a<pVtKU EJl<pavi~KE tva 1tOAU'tEAE<; KpE~Un.

43

L'tTI <roVExElU TOO ftpO& 11 Em9uJ,liu mo<; 7tAol>moo 1El>J,lUTO<; xm T01:& &J,lq>aviOn)lC& tva TP~l. OTOAtaJ,lEvO J.1E TU mo Ow.A.ElctU mU'tlL

«H wmxia uoo en OAoKAllPowmuv, crKEqrtllK&, av &lXa OTO 1tA.U\ uou J,lla lC07tf.A.a X(1PtTo'>~ Kat ETOlJ,lll vc tKUV07tOli}m:t ru; &m8ufll&<; uou». H K07tEA.a &J.l<p<lviOTlllC& aJ.lEuO)<; Kat avtWtOKpi6r}K& UTOV EPO.>TU TOU.

Kaero<; OJ.lO.><; O&v ilTav UUVl1etuflEvO<; UE J.lUI TOUO flSYaAll &U'ruxia, O&V fl7tOP&UE va a7tO<pUyEt EvUV aOtKatOAOyTrro <poJ30. <Do~0'6~o<; OTt ea X"aOEt J.lEOa OE J.lta OTtYfltl J.ltU TOOO TEAE\a ruXll, <paVTUOTllKE OTt flta TiYPll opunos a7tO TO OUOo<;. H TIYPTJ EJ.l<paviOTllKE Kat TOU E07taUE TO U~EpKO.

Mur E7tleuJ.lia uzopst vo KPU~&l fltaV a.AATJ,

..

aKpt~ro<; UVTieETll. LTTJV TEfl7tEAUl flEvEl VU flUeEt

OTt OEV 7tPE7tEl vc <Po~(iTat Ti7tOTa Kat. KUpiw<;, TTJV iota.

XPElal;OVTat flEYaAE<; 7tpOU7tUeEtE<; Yla va stvoi KavEi<; aVE7tlqruA.aKTa 0 EauTo<; TOU. ~EV sivm O1:t umnroovrm lOtaiTEPOl XEtPtOflOi, OflW<; Kat rn mo a7tAU 7tpUYflaTa OEV <paVEprovOVTat EUKOA.a UTa TapaYflEva fluaMi. H 7tUtOlKOTllTU Tl1<; TEXV'1<; OEV

44

KataKTtEtat 1tapa ~O"ro tT)<; tEXVJl<; tOU va ~avayiVEt<; 1tatDL 0 EK<pUAtO"~O<; EXEt KUvEt ~aAE<; 1tPOODOU<;, DilAroVE eva<; tE~1tEATl<;, a1tOAa~PaVOvta<; to tpaYOUDt tOU Mnpocv «Le lezard» Kat tOY aOavato O"tixo tOU «LlEY ~1tOpcO va EpyaO"tcO, 1tOtE DEY E~aOa». IIpoO"EOEtE: ~a<; EXOUV rooo KaAa 1tpODtaOEO"Et va spyuorooue, cOO"tE to vc ~TlV KaVEt<; ti1tota unmrst cril~Epa Kanota EK1taiDEUO"Tt.

TTl O"tty~il tT)<; au~avo~<; aVEpyia<;, to va DtDaO"KEt<; rnv tE~1tEAta Oa iltav YOTltEUttKO, av DEY EYa1tOKEttO O"tOV KaOeva va KaAAtEPYilO"Et, Xropi<; tT) poilOEta troy aMrov, ~ta rooo AEntil, ~EXroptO"til Kat 1tpoO"romKfl Emcrtil~Tl.

Kuvst; DEY unops] va Dmcr<paAiO"Et rnv EUtuxia tOU (Kat aKo~a EUKOAOtEpa rrtv KaKoruxia ron) 1tapa uovov 0 iDtO<;. Icrx6Et yta tt<; Emeu~iE<; 0, rt

, . . 7, ,

tOXUEt Kat ym rnv matena pnma ozo rnv onotc ()

aAXTl~tO"til<; 1tpoO"1taOEi va E~aYEt tT) <ptAoO"oqnKfl AiOo. A1tOtEAOUV ~ta ~ia aUOU1tapKtT) Kat DEY ~1tOpOU~ va E~ayou~E a1t' aUtE<; 1tapa uovov EKEiVO 1tOU PpiO"KEtat ~Ecra roue. A vttOetro<;, to O"Tt~avttKO etvoi Tl EKAE1ttuVO"Tt.

7. ~.-r.M. Ilpdrrq 'YAll iJ ApxtyOVll Ouota nov aAXllIl1a-r<i>V.

45

H tE).lnEAUi ornv aKatEpyacrtrJ ).lOp<pf] t11s sivct onv Eva Kapu8t nou to tpcOJ.1E xcopis va J3yUAOU).lE to tcrO<pAt. T11V Em9u).loU).lE a).lOAWt11 ano tl~ crDVT}Stcr).lEvEs 8tacrtpo<pEs tTJs Epyacrias, rnv EVOxf\, t11V EKtOVCOcrT} Kat tTJ 80UAtKOtTJta, yta va t11 yEUSOU).lE os OAO tTJ~ to J.1EyaAEio. Na rnv Enuva<pEpouJ.1E orn <pumKf] tTJs KlVT}crT} nou Sa rnv KUvEt auto nou Eivat npaYJ.lattKU, 811Aa8il, J.lta crttYJ.lil tTJs anOAaucrT}s rou EaUtOU Kat, EV oAiyots, ).lta ()l1).ltoupyia.

o ESlcr).lO~ crtls aVEcrEls nou npootpspet 11 Epyama, ·nEptcrcrOtEPO crKtacr).lEvE~ napa. unoypa).l).ltcr).lEvEs ano to E<pf]J.1EpO Kat nou ypf]yopa ).la~ tls KAE~OUV, J.las EXEt orepnost ano rnv E).lnElpia tTJs npocrnuSEtas Kat t11s EKAEnTUVcrT}s. Ot anoAaucrEt~, os o.n aUSEVttKO 8taSEtOUV, 8EV eivnt OUtE Kapnos EVOs Kanpitmou t11s tUX11s il tOU eEOU, OUtE 11 aVtaJ.lOl~f] ).ltas E~OUeEVCOtlKf]s Epyamas. Ilpooospovnn aVUAoya J.1E to ncOs tls naipVOU).lE. H xapa us t11V onota ).las YE).li~ouv stvei 11 xapa J.1E mv onotc ru; npom~yyi~ouJ.1E.

46

10'ID~ em va f3pimcE'tat 'to ME)'UAO 'Epy08 to 01t010 aval;;qtoooE Kaet}J1Eptv« ~ mi6o<; Ka1 U1to1l0YJ) 0 aAXllJ.U<ml~: 11 E1tq1ovft tTl<; EmOuJ..l~ va a1tOn\IUSEt 6, n trt Ota<pBElp&1., va EKA.1tE't'6vetat amapQT11ta ~t va ~m mni} ttl Xtlpll 1tOU J.lE'tapEXE1 O'E x.pua6 tOV 1l0AUJ3&> 't1l<; ~tStptw;, 'tOO OaWtOU Kat t11~ dit~l1<;.

'Orev 11 'teJUtEAux Ssv 9a 'tptq>et xapu rnv em9uuin va tKW01tOtel tOV Emrt'O trt<;. 9a 1tEpa,O'ooJ1E O'E tvav 1tOA1TIO.,.w 61tou 0 aveP<01t~ &v Oa eivm 'to 1tpo'(ov J.1lW; epya~ 1tOU 1tapaym 'to wtWOpro1to.