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10/12/2015

TheAceStudent:PSY360week3quiz

PSY360week3quiz
PSY360week3quiz
1.Whenwecannotretrieveinformationfrommemory,wesaythat_____hasoccurred.
A.forgetting
B.amoneytrace
C.sensorydecay
D.encodingfailure
E.secondarymemory
2.Unattendedinformationisstoredbrieflyin:
A.sensorymemory
B.shorttermmemory
C.longtermmemory
D.workingmemory
E.secondarymemory
3.Thecentralexecutiveinworkingmemoryishypothesizedtohavethefunctionof:
A.directingtheflowofinformation
B.controllinganunlimitedamountofresourcesandcapacity
C.carryingoutsubvocalrehearsaltomaintainverbalmaterialinmemory
D.maintainingvisualmaterialinmemorythroughvisualization
E.storingthemeaningofcomplexverbalmaterial
4.Wordsfromthebeginningofalistaremorelikelytoberecalledthanwordsfromthemiddleofthe
list.Thisphenomenonisknownasthe_____effect.
A.recency
B.primacy
C.forgetting
D.interference
E.memorytrace
5.Onebasicphysiologicalmechanismforlearningisthe____rule,whichstatesthatifasynapse
betweentwoneuronsisrepeatedlyactivatedataboutthesametimethepostsynapticneuronfires,
thechemistryofthesynapsechanges.
A.Carlson
B.Hebb
C.Baddeley
D.Tulving
E.icon
6.Thetermanterogradeamnesiarefersto:
A.thelossoftheabilitytoformnewmemories
B.thelossoftheabilitytorecalloldevents
C.thelossofshorttermmemory
D.thelossofsensorymemory
E.thelossofallmemoryability
7.The_____componentofworkingmemoryisthoughttobeatemporarystoragesystemthat
interactswithlongtermmemoryandtheothercomponentsofworkingmemorytofacilitatethe
transferofinformationtolongtermmemory.
A.episodicbuffer
B.visuospatialsketchpad
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10/12/2015

TheAceStudent:PSY360week3quiz

C.centralexecutive
D.phonologicalloop
E.semanticbuffer
8.Sensorymemoriesexistforeverysensorymodality.
A.True
B.False
9.Psychologistsbelievethatthecapacityoflongtermmemoryis:
A.unlimited
B.7+2items
C.18items
D.5000items
E.50,000items
10.Thecodeinlongtermmemoryisbasedon:
A.sound
B.visualimagery
C.meaning
D.bothsoundandvisualimagery
E.bothsoundandmeaning
11.Ebbinghaussforgettingcurvedemonstratesthat:
A.forgettingisrapidatfirstandthenlevelsoff
B.forgettingisslowatfirstandthenspeedsup
C.forgettingoccursatasteadypace,beginningimmediatelyafterlearning
D.noforgettingoccursuntil24hoursafterlearning
E.forgettingreachesapeakabout3daysafterlearning

12.Proactiveinterferencereferstothefactthat:
A.newmaterialcandisrupttherecallofpreviouslylearnedmaterial
B.previouslylearnedmaterialcandisruptthelearningofnewmaterial
C.thepassageoftimeleadstomemorydecay
D.activeinterferencecanstrengthenamemorytrace
E.memoriescanbecomestrongerovertime
13.Accordingtotheretrievalcueexplanationofinterference,youaremorelikelytoforgetwhere
youparkedyourcarinalotwhere:
A.youhaveneverparkedbefore
B.youhavealwaysparkedinthesameplace
C.youhaveparkedfrequently,butinmanydifferentspaces
D.youparkedayearago,butnotmorerecently
E.youparkedyesterday
14.Crammingforexamstendstobeineffectivebecauseofthe:
A.chunkingeffect
B.spacingeffect
C.statedependenceeffect
D.contexteffect
E.encodingspecificityeffect
15.Yourmemoryofyourfirstcollegelecturewouldbeanexampleof:
Studiesofflashbulbmemoryindicatethat
A.strongeremotionalresponsestoaneventareassociatedwithlessdetailedmemories
B.moreretellingsoftheeventareassociatedwithmoreaccuratememories
C.flashbulbmemoriesarenomoreaccuratethanmemoriesformoremundanelifeevents
D.peoplearelessconfidentintheaccuracyofflashbulbmemoriesthantheyareaboutmore
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TheAceStudent:PSY360week3quiz

ordinarymemories
E.flashbulbmemoriesareonlycreatedforpositiveemotionalevents
16.Studiesofeyewitnessmemory:
A.supportBartlettsideaofmemoryasaconstructiveprocess
B.revealsurprisinglyaccuratememoriesofstressfulevents
C.suggestthatconfidenceisanimportantattributeofanaccuratewitness
D.showthatwitnessesareremarkablyresistanttomisleadinginformation
E.helpustounderstandwhyeyewitnessesalmostnevermakemistakes
17.UsingtheDeese/RoedigerMcDermottparadigm,researchershaveshownthat80%of
participantsrememberwordsonalistthatwerenotactuallyincluded.
A.True
B.False
18.InRebersstudiesofnonanalyticconceptformationinwhichparticipantsattemptedtolearnto
categorizeletterstringsderivedfromcomplexgrammars,
A.participantswholearnedletterstringsthatfollowedthegrammarmadefewererrorsthancontrol
participantslearningrandomstrings
B.participantswhoweretoldthattheletterstringsfollowedcomplexrulesperformedbetterthandid
thoseparticipantswhodidnotknowthis
C.thebestperformancecamefromparticipantswhosuccessfullyfiguredouttheruleforgenerating
theletterstrings
D.memorizingexemplarswasanineffectivestrategyincategorylearning
E.performanceneverroseabovechancelevelforanyparticipants
19.Theschemaviewofconceptformationassumesthat:
A.thereareclearboundariesamongindividualschemata
B.thereiscognitiveeconomyamongconcepts
C.informationisabstractedacrossinstances
D.noinformationisstoredaboutactualinstances
E.schematacontaincharacteristicsofcategories,butnoinformationabouthowcategoriesare
relatedtoeachother
20.Youmighthaveascriptfor:
A.whataclassroomlookslike
B.whatapetis
C.whatacatis
D.whathappenswhenyougotothebarber/hairstylist
E.whatrapmusicsoundslike
21.Ifinformationfromastoryispresentedinscrambledorder,
A.peopleactuallyrecallitbetterthanifithadbeenpresentedinproperorder,becausetheypay
moreattentiontoit
B.peoplerecalljustasmuchinformationasifithadbeenpresentedinproperorder
C.peopletendtorecallitinthescriptedorder
D.peoplecannotrecallanyofthedetailsofthestory
E.wecannotpredicthowmuchwillberecalled,orinwhatorder
22.Apple,piano,andtableareexamplesofbasiclevelcategories.
A.True
B.False
23.Propertiesandfactsarestoredatthehighestlevelpossible,accordingtotheprincipleof:
A.encodingspecificity
B.connectionism
C.cognitiveeconomy
D.typicality
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E.lexicaldestiny
24.ConradhasfoundevidencethatthestatementAsharkcanmovecanbeverifiedinthesame
amountoftimeasAnanimalcanmove.Theseresultssuggestthatreactiontimeisbestpredicted
by:
A.cognitiveeconomy
B.frequencyofassociation
C.encodingspecificity
D.episodicmemory
E.typicality
25.Thewordsuperiorityeffectisrelatedtotheideaof:
A.cognitiveeconomy
B.schemata
C.typicality
D.spreadingactivation
E.prototypes
26.ACTmodelsdistinguishamongthreetypesofmemorysystems:
A.workingmemory,episodicmemory,anddeclarativememory
B.semanticmemory,episodicmemory,andproceduralmemory
C.proceduralmemory,declarativememory,andsemanticmemory
D.workingmemory,declarativememory,andproceduralmemory
E.semanticmemory,episodicmemory,andconceptmemory
27.WhichofthefollowingisFALSEregardingaconnectionisttrainingepoch?
A.Itbeginsbygeneratingarandomoutput.
B.Connectionweightsareinitiallysetatrandomlevels.
C.Generatedoutputpatternsarecomparedwithtargetpatterns.
D.Backpropagationoccursovermanytrials.
E.Connectionweightsareadjustedbeforethenexttargetisinput.
PSY360week3quiz

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