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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in

Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies


Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Contents:

1. Stakeholders: Governments
1.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade
1.1.1 Finance and cost evaluation
1.2 Providing adequate financial resources to developing countries
1.2.1 Activities
1.2.1.1 Meeting international targets of official development assistance funding
1.2.1.2 Addressing the debt issue
1.2.2 Finance and cost evaluation
1.3 Encouraging economic policies conducive to sustainable development
1.3.1 Finance and cost evaluation

2. Stakeholder: International Community


2.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade
2.1.1 Activities
2.1.1.1 International and regional cooperation and coordination
2.1.1.2 Management-related activities
2.1.1.3 Data and Information
2.2 Providing adequate financial resources to developing countries
2.2.1 Activities
2.2.1.1 Addressing the debt issue

3. Stakeholders: GATT, UNCTAD and other relevant international and regional economic institutions, encouraged by Governments
3.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade
3.1.1 Activities
3.1.1.1 Data and Information
3.2 Making trade and environment mutually supportive
3.2.1 Activities

4. Stakeholders: Industrialized and other able countries


4.1 Encouraging economic policies conductive to sustainable development
4.1.1 Activities
4.1.1.1 Management-related activities

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
4.1.1.2 International and regional cooperation and coordination

2
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1. Stakeholder: Governments

1.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade


1.1.1 Finance and cost evaluation
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 The Conference secretariat has estimated the average total annual cost (1993-2000) of implementing the activities of this programme area to be about $8.8
Art 2.17 billion from the international community on grant or concessional terms. How much of this sum has the government contributed?

Has the government decided upon any specific strategies and/or programmes?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
1.2 Providing adequate financial resources to developing countries
1.2.1 Activities
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
CSD IX Have environmental issues, that bear on the international economic environment been approached effectively through a constructive dialogue and genuine Whole
Art 26 partnership on the basis of mutuality of interests and benefits, taking into account that, in view of the different contributions to global environmental population
degradation, States have common but differentiated responsibilities?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
1.2.1.1 Meeting international targets of official development assistance funding
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the government provided new and additional resources to support Agenda 21 programmes in accordance with chapter 33 of Agenda 21?
Art 2.26

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
1.2.1.2 Addressing the debt issue
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have Governments undertaken substantial bilateral debt reduction to the poorest and most indebted countries? Poorest
Art 2.28 countries

3
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
1.2.2 Finance and cost evaluation
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the government considered chapter 33 of Agenda 21 for finance and cost evaluation guidelines for this area?
Chapter 2
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
1.3 Encouraging economic policies conducive to sustainable development
1.3.1 Finance and cost evaluation
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 The Conference secretariat has estimated the average total annual cost (1993-2000) of implementing the activities of this programme area to be about $50
Art 2.41 million. How much of this sum has the government contributed?

Has the government decided upon any specific strategies and/or programmes?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

2. Stakeholder: International Community

2.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade


2.1.1 Activities
2.1.1.1 International and regional cooperation and coordination
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community halted or reversed protectionism in order to bring about further liberalization and expansion of world trade, to the benefit of Developing
Art 2.10 (a) all countries, in particular the developing countries? countries

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Has the international community provided an equitable, secure, non-discriminatory and predictable international trading system?
Art 2.10 (b)
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community facilitated, in a timely way, the integration of all countries into the world economy and the international trading system? Governments
Art 2.10 (c)
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community ensured that the environment and trade policies are mutually supportive, with a view to achieving sustainable development?
Art 2.10 (d)
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community strengthened the international trade policies system through an early, balanced, comprehensive and successful outcome of
Art 2.10 (e) the Uruguay Round of multinational trade negotiations?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Gr oup Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community aimed at finding ways and means of achieving a better functioning and enhanced transparency of commodity markets, Commodity
Art 2.11 greater diversification of the commodity sector in developing economies within a macroeconomic framework that takes into consideration a country’s sector
economic structure, resource endowments and market opportunities, and better management of natural resources that takes into account the necessities of
sustainable development?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community implemented previous commitments to halt and reverse protectionism and further expand market access, particularly in Developing
Art 2.12 area of interest to developing countries? countries
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development

2.1.1.2 Management-related activities


Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community created a domestic environment supportive of an optimal balance between production for the domestic and export markets
Art 2.13 (a) and removed biases against exports and discouraged inefficient import-substitution?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community promoted the policy framework and the infrastructure required to improve the efficiency of export and import trade as well
Art 2.13 (b) as the functioning of domestic markets?

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community expanded processing, distribution and improved marketing practices and the competitiveness of the commodity sector? Commodity
Art 2.14 (a) sector

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community diversified in order to reduce dependence on commodity exports?
Art 2.14 (b)

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community reflected upon the efficient and sustainable use of the factors of production in the formation of commodity prices, including
Art 2.14 (c) the reflection of environmental, social and resources costs?

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

2.1.1.3 Data and Information

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community sought optimal functioning of commodity markets, inter alia, through improved market transparency involving exchanges Commodity
Art 2.16 (a) of views and information on investment plans, prospects and markets for individual commodities? sector

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community continued to apply compensation mechanisms for shortfalls in commodity export earnings of developing countries in order Developing
Art 2.16 (b) to encourage diversification efforts? countries

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it me asured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community provided assistance to developing countries upon request in the design and implementation of commodity policies and the Developing
Art 2.16 (c) gathering and utilization of information on commodity markets? countries

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendati on Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community supported the efforts of developing countries to promote the policy framework and infrastructure required to improve the Developing
Art 2.16 (d) efficiency of export and import trade? countries

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community supported the diversification initiatives of the developing countries at the national, regional and international levels? Developing
Art 2.16 (e) countries

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
2.2 Providing adequate financial resources to developing countries
2.2.1 Activities
2.2.1.1 Addressing the debt issue
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Has the international community encouraged countries with heavy debts to banks to negotiate similar commercial bank debt reduction with their creditors? Governments
Art. 2.27 (a) with heavy
debts
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community taken into due account both the medium-term debt reduction and new money requirements of the debtor country? Debtor
Art 2.27 (b) countries
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community actively been engaged in the strengthened international debt strategy to continue to support debt-reduction packages related
Art 2.27 (c) to commercial bank debt with a view to ensuring that the magnitude of such financing is consonant with the evolving debt strategy?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community encouraged creditor banks to participate in debt and debt-service reduction? Creditor banks
Art 2.27 (d) 1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has the international community encouraged strengthened policies to attract direct investment, avoid unsustainable levels of debt and foster the return of
2.27 (e) flight capital?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Is the international community servicing countries’ debt and safeguarding their credit worthiness? Governments
Art 2.29 1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 In connection with multilateral debt, has the international community encouraged given serious attention to continuing to work towards growth-oriented Developing
Art 2.30 solutions to the problem of developing countries with serious debt-servicing problems, including those whose debt is mainly to official creditors or to countries
multilateral financial institutions?

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

3. Stakeholders: GATT, UNCTAD and other relevant international and regional economic institutions, encouraged by Governments

3.1 Promoting sustainable development through trade


3.1.1 Activities
3.1.1.1 Data and Information
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD and other relevant institutions continued to collect appropriate trade data and information? International
Art 2.15 institutions

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
3.2 Making trade and environment mutually supportive
3.2.1 Activities
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions elaborated on adequate studies for the better understanding of the
Art 2.22 (a) relationship between trade and environment for the promotion of sustainable development?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions promoted a dialogue between trade, development and Trade,
Art 2.22 (b) environmental communities development,
and
environmental
communities
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

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Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 In the cases when trade measures are related to the environment, have GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions
Art 2.22 (c) ensured transparency and compatibility with international obligations?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions dealt with the root causes of environment and development
Art 2.22 (d) problems in a manner that avoids the adoption of environmental measures resulting in unjustified restrictions on trade?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions sought to avoid the use of trade restrictions or distortions as a Whole
Art 2.22 (e) means to offset differences in cost arising from differences in environmental standards and regulations, since their application could lead to trade distortion population
and increase protectionist tendencies?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions ensured that environmental-related regulations or standards,
Art 2.22 (f) including those related to health and safety standards, do not constitute a means of arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination or a disguised restriction on
trade?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions ensured that special favours affecting environment and trade Developing
Art 2.22 (g) policies in the developing countries are borne in mind of the application of environmental standards, as well as in the use of any trade measures? countries
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions encouraged participation of developing countries in multilateral Developing
Art 2.22 (h) agreements through such mechanisms as special transitional rules? countries

10
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions avoided unilateral actions to deal with environmental challenges
Art 2.22 (i) outside the jurisdiction of the importing country?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions developed more precision, where necessary, and clarified the
Art 2.22 (j) relationship between GATT provisions and some of the multilateral measures adopted in the environment area?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions ensured public input in the formation, negotiation and Public
Art 2.22 (k) implementation of trade policies as a means of fostering increased transparency in the light of country-specific conditions?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Has GATT, UNCTAD, and other relevant international and regional economic institutions ensured that environmental policies provide the appropriate legal
Art 2.22 (l) and institutional framework to respond to new needs for the protection of the environment that may result from changes in production and trade
specialization?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

4. Stakeholders: Industrialized and other able countries

4.1 Encouraging economic policies conductive to sustainable development


4.1.1 Activities
4.1.1.1 Management-related activities

11
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) encouraged a stable and predictable international economic environment, Economic
Art 2.35 (a) particularly with regard to monetary stability, real rates of interest and fluctuations in key exchange rates? sector

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) encouraged stimulated savings and reduced fiscal deficits? Economic
Art 2.35 (b) sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) ensured that the processes of policy coordination take into account the interests Developing
Art 2.35 (c) and concerns of the developing countries, including the need to promote positive action to support the efforts of the least developed countries to halt their countries
marginalization in the world economy?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) undertaken appropriate national macroeconomic and structural policies aimed at Economic
Art 2.35 (d) promoting non-inflationary growth, narrowing major external imbalances and increasing the adjustment capacity of your economies? sector

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) strengthened your effort at implementing sound economic policies that maintain Economic
Art 2.36 (a) the monetary and fiscal discipline required to promote price stability and external balance? sector

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) strengthened your efforts at implementing sound economic policies that result in Economic
Art 2.36 (b) realistic exchange rates? sector

12
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) strengthened your efforts at implementing sound economic policies that raise Economic
Art 2.36 (c) domestic savings and investment as well as improving returns to investment? sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) removed the barriers to progress caused by bureaucratic inefficiencies, Economic
Art 2.37 (a) administrative strains, unnecessary controls on the neglect of market conditions? sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) promoted transparency in administration and decision-making?
Art 2.37 (b)

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) encouraged the private sector and fostered entrepreneurship by improving Private sector
Art 2.37 (c) institutional facilities for enterprise creation and market entry?

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) promoted and supported the investment and infrastructure required for sustainable
Art 2.37 (d) economic growth and diversification on an environmentally sound and sustainable basis?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

13
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) provided scope for appropriate economic instruments, including market Economic
Art 2.37 (e) mechanisms, in harmony with the objectives of sustainable development and fulfilment of basic needs? sector

Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) promoted transparency in administration and decision-making?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) promoted the operation of effective tax systems and financial sectors? Economic
Art 2.37 (f) sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) provided opportunities for small-scale enterprises, both farm and non-farm, and Small-scale
Art 2.37 (g) for the indigenous population and local communities to contribute fully to the attainment of sustainable development? enterprises

1.) If yes: a.) How and When?


b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) removed biases against exports and in favour of inefficient import substitution, Governments
Art 2.37 (h) established policies that allow them to benefit fully from the flows of foreign investment, within the framework of national, social, economic and
developmental goals?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) promoted the creation of a domestic economic environment support of an optimal Economic
Art 2.37 (i) balance between production for the domestic and export markets? sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
4.1.1.2 International and regional cooperation and coordination
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) enhanced your efforts to provide developing countries with increased technical Developing
Art 2.38 (a) assistance for capacity-building in the nations design and implementation of polices, upon request? countries

14
Commitments to International Cooperation to Accelerate Sustainable Development in
Developing Countries and Related Domestic Policies
Agenda 21: Chapter 2 and UN Commission Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) enhanced your efforts to provide developing countries with increased technical Economic
Art 2.38 (b) assistance for the design and operation of efficient tax systems, accounting systems and financial sectors? sector
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
Agenda 21 Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) enhanced your efforts to provide developing countries with increased technical Developing
Art 2.38 (c) assistance for promotion of entrepreneurship? countries
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference
CSD 19th Have industrialized countries (and other countries in favourable positions) fostered a dynamic and enabling international economic environment favourable Economic
Special to all countries is in the interest of all countries? sector
Session
Moreover, have issues, including environmental issues, that bear on the international economic environment been approached through a constructive
dialogue and genuine partnership on the basis of mutuality of interests and benefits, taking into account that, in view of the different contributions to global
environmental degradation, States have common but differentiated responsibilities?
1.) If yes: a.) How and When?
b.) What was the impact?
c.) How was it measured?
2.) If not: Why not?

15