Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development

Contents: 1. Stakeholders: Governments 1.1 Developing and disseminating knowledge concerning the links between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development
1.1.1 Finance and cost evaluation

1.2 Implementing integrated environment and development programmes at the local level, taking into account demographic trends and factors
1.2.1 Finance and cost evaluation

1.3 Formulating integrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors
1.3.1 1.3.2 Activities 1.3.1.1 Supporting programmes that promote changes in demographic trends and factors towards sustainability Finance and cost evaluation

2. Stakeholders: International and regional scientific institutions 2.1 Formulating integrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors
2.1.1 Means of implementation 2.1.1.1 Promoting human resource development

3. Stakeholders: Non-governmental organizations
3.1.1 Activities

4. Stakeholder: Economic and Social Council
4.1.1 Activities

5. Stakeholders: UNFPA and other relevant agencies
5.1.1 Activities

6. Stakeholders: Relevant international, regional and national institutions 6.1 Developing and disseminating knowledge concerning the links between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development
6.1.1 Activities

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
6.1.2 6.1.1.1 Research on the interaction between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development Means of implementation 6.1.2.1 Strengthening research programmes that integrate population, environment and development 6.1.2.2 Developing information and public awareness 6.1.2.3 Developing and/or enhancing institutional capacity and collaboration

7. Stakeholders: Commission on Population and Development, with the assistance of UNDP, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), UNEP and other relevant institutions
7.1.1 Activities

8. Stakeholders: Governments and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system
8.1.1 Activities

9. Stakeholders: Governments and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies 8.1 Formulating integrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors
9.1.1 Activities 9.1.1.1 Assessing the implications of national demographic trends and factors 9.1.1.2 Building and strengthening a national information base 9.1.1.3 Incorporating demographic features into policies and plans Means of implementation 9.1.2.1 Raising awareness of demographic and sustainable development interactions 9.1.2.2 Strengthening institutions

9.1.2

10. Stakeholders: Governments and local communities, including community-based women's organizations and national nongovernmental organizations, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations 9.1 Implementing integrated environment and development programmes at the local level, taking into account demographic trends and factors
10.1.1 Activities 10.1.1.1 Developing a framework for action 10.1.1.2 Supporting programmes that promote changes in demographic trends and factors towards sustainability 10.1.1.3 Creating appropriate institutional conditions Means of implementation 10.1.2.1 Research 10.1.2.2 Human resource development and capacity-building

10.1.2

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1. Stakeholders: Governments
1.1 Developing and disseminating knowledge concerning the links between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development 1.1.1 Finance and cost evaluation
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.36 Recommendation How much has the government contributed to the $10 million estimated average total annual cost of implementing the activities on grant or concessional terms? Has the government decided upon any specific strategies and/or programmes? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Target Date Reference

1.2 Implementing integrated environment and development programmes at the local level, taking into account demographic trends and factors 1.2.1 Finance and cost evaluation
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.36 Recommendation How much has the government contributed to the $90 million estimated average total annual cost of implementing the activities on grant or concessional terms? Has the government decided upon any specific strategies and/or programmes? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Target Date Reference

1.3 Formulating i ntegrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors 1.3.1 Activities 1.3.1.1 Supporting programmes that promote changes in demographic trends and factors towards sustainability
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.50 Recommendation Has the government taken active steps to implement, in accordance with country-specific conditions and legal systems, measures to ensure that women and men have the same right to decide freely and responsibly on the number and spacing of their children, to have access to the information, education and means, as appropriate, to enable them to exercise this right in keeping with their freedom, dignity and personally held values taking into account ethical and cultural considerations? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

Source

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.51 Has the government taken active steps towards implementing programmes to establish and strengthen preventive and curative health facilities that include women-centred, women-managed, safe and effective reproductive health care and affordable, accessible services, as appropriate, for the responsible planning of family size, in keeping with freedom, dignity and personally held values and taking into account ethical and cultural considerations? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government developed programmes that focus on providing comprehensive health care, including pre-natal care, education and information on health and responsible parenthood and should provide the opportunity for all women to breast-feed fully, at least during the first four months post-partum? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government developed programmes that fully support women's productive and reproductive roles and well being, with special attention to the need for providing equal and improved health care for all children and the need to reduce the risk of maternal and child mortality and sickness? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation How much has the government contributed to the $7 billion estimated average total annual cost of implementing the activities for this programme with $3.5 billion on grant or concessional terms? Has the government decided upon any specific strategies and/or programmes? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Women

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.51

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.51

Target Group Women and children

Target Date

Reference

1.3.2 Financing and cost evaluation
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.57 Target Group Target Date Reference

2. Stakeholders: International and regional scientific institutions
2.1 Formulating integrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors 2.1.1 Means of implementation 2.1.1.1 Promoting human resource development

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.41 Recommendation Have international and regional scientific institutions assisted Governments, upon request, to include concerns regarding the population/environment interactions at the global, ecosystem and micro-levels in the training of demographers and population and environment specialists? Have you included research on linkages and ways to design integrated strategies in the training? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Governments Target Date Reference

3. Stakeholders: Non-governmental organizations
3.1.1 Activities
Source CSD III Art. 93 Recommendation Have NGO’s increased communication, cooperation and coordination at the local, regional and international levels with a vie w towards enhancing their contribution to the mutual understanding of issues related to population and development and facilitating their active participation in the implementation of chapter 5 of Agenda 21 and chapter III of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Target Date Reference

4. Stakeholder: Economic and Social Council
4.1.1 Activities
Source CSD IV Decision 4/3 Art. 6 Recommendation Has EOCSOC examined the division of labour between the Commission on Population and Development and the Commission on Sustainable Development in the future consideration of the issue of population and sustainable development, taking into account the link between chapter 5 of Agenda 21 and chapter III of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has ECOSOC examined how to ensure synergy and cooperation between the Commission on Sustainable Development and the Commission on Population and Development when considering a common framework for the implementation of the outcome of United Nations conferences in the economic and social field? Target Group CPD and CSD Target Date Reference

Source CSD III Art. 96

Target Group CPD and CSD

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not?

5. Stakeholders: UNFPA and other relevant agencies
5.1.1 Activities
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.55 Recommendation Has UNFPA and other relevant agencies strengthened the coordination of international cooperation activities with recipient and donor countries in order to ensure that adequate funding is available to respond to growing needs? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Target Date Reference

6. Stakeholders: Relevant international, regional and national institutions
6.1 Developing and disseminating knowledge concerning the links between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development 6.1.1 Activities 6.1.1.1 Research on the interaction between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.6 (a) Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions identified the interactions between demographic processes, natural resources and life support systems, bearing in mind regional and subregional variations deriving from, inter alia, different levels of development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions integrated demographic trends and factors into the ongoing study of environmental change, using the expertise of international, regional and national research networks and of local communities, first, to study the human dimensions of environmental change and, second, to identify vulnerable areas? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions identified priority areas for action and developed strategies and programmes to mitigate the adverse impact of environmental change on human populations, and vice versa? Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.6 (b)

Target Group International, regional, national and local research networks

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.6 (c)

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it me asured? 2.) If not: Why not?

6.1.2 Means of implementation 6.1.2.1 Strengthening research programmes that integrate population, environment and development
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.8 Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions enhanced their scientific capacity, taking full account of community experience and knowledge, and disseminated the experience gained in multidisciplinary approaches and in linking theory to action? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions developed better modelling capabilities, identifying the range of possible outcomes of current human activities, especially the interrelated impact of demographic trends and factors, per capita resource use and wealth distribution, as well as the major migration flows that may be expected with increasing climatic events and cumulative environmental change that may destroy people's local livelihoods? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions developed socio-demographic information in a suitable format for interfacing with physical, biological and socio-economic data? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions developed compatible spatial and temporal scales, cross-country and time-series information, as well as global behavioural indicators, as a result of information learnt from local communities' perceptions and attitudes? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions increased awareness at all levels concerning the need to optimise the sustainable use of resources through efficient resource management, taking into account the development needs of the populations of developing countries? Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.9

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

6.1.2.2 Developing information and public awareness
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.10 Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.10

Target Group Local communities

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.11

Target Group Developing countries

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions increased awareness of the fundamental linkages between improving the status of women and demo graphic dynamics, particularly through women's access to education, primary and reproductive health care programmes, economic independence and their effective, equitable participation in all levels of decision-making? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions disseminated the results of research concerned with sustainable development issues through technical reports, scientific journals, the media, workshops, forums or other means so that the information can be used by decision makers at all levels and increase public awareness? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions increased the collaboration and exchange of information between research institutions and international, regional and national agencies and all other sectors (including the private sector, local communities, non-governmental organizations and scientific institutions) from both the industrialized and developing countries, as appropriate? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has relevant international, regional and national institutions intensified efforts to enhance the capacities of national and local governments, the private sector and non-governmental organizations in developing countries to meet the growing needs for improved management of rapidly growing urban areas? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not?

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.12

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.13

Target Group Decision-makers at all levels

Target Date

Reference

6.1.2.3 Developing and/or enhancing institutional capacity and collabor ation
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.14 Target Group Industrialized and developing countries Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.15

Target Group Developing countries

Target Date

Reference

7. Stakeholders: Commission on Population and Development, with the assistance of UNDP, the United Nations Population Fund, UNEP and other relevant institutions
7.1.1 Activities

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Source CSD III Art. 91 Recommendation Has the Commission on Population and Development (with the assistance of UNDP, the United Nations Population Fund, UNEP and other relevant institutions) prepared, at reasonable intervals, a report on populations at risk because of environmental degradation and their needs for additional assistance, including from the international community? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Populations at risk Target Date Reference

8. Stakeholders: Governments and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system
8.1.1 Activities
Source CSD IV Decision 4/3 Art. 4 Recommendation Has the government (and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system) formulated and implemented effective information, education and communication strategies that take into account such linkages, thereby creating the necessary conditions for the rapid achievement of the goals of Agenda 21 and the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system) mainstreamed a gender perspective, including gender-sensitive analysis, inter alia, as an essential step in the development and monitoring of sustainable development policies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system) given particular attention to the need to involve women in decision-making at all levels of population- and sustainable developmentrelated strategies, policies, projects and programs? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and non-governmental organizations, and the relevant organizations of the United Nations system) further promoted measures directed at empowerment of women, ensuring their full access to literacy, education and training, and health, and at the removal of all obstacles to their access to credit and other productive resources and to their ability to buy, hold and sell property and land equally with men? Target Group Target Date Reference

Source CSD IV Decision 4/3 Art. 5

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 92

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 92

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not?

9. Stakeholders: Governments and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies
9.1 Formulating integrated national policies for environment and development, taking into account demographic trends and factors 9.1.1 Activities 9.1.1.1 Assessing the implications of national demographic trends and factors
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.19 Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) analysed the relationships between demographic trends and factors and environmental change and between environmental degradation and the components of demographic change? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) conducted research on how environmental factors interact with socio-economic factors as a cause of migration? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) identified vulnerable population groups (such as rural landless workers, ethnic minorities, refugees, migrants, displaced people, women heads of household) whose changes in demographic structure may have specific impacts on sustainable development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) assessed the implications of the age structure of the population on resource demand and dependency burdens, ranging from educational expenses for the young to health care and support for the elderly, and on household income generation? Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.20

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.21

Target Group Vulnerable population groups

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.22

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) conducted an assessment of national population carrying capacity in the context of satisfaction of human needs and sustainable development, giving special attention to critical resources, such as water and land, and environmental factors, such as ecosystem health and biodiversity? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) studied the impacts of national demographic trends and factors on the traditional livelihoods of indigenous groups and local communities, including changes in traditional land use because of internal population pressures? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) built and/or strengthened national databases on demographic trends, factors and the environment, disaggregating data by ecological region? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) developed methodologies and instruments to identify areas where sustainability is, or may be, threatened by the environmental effects of demographic trends and factors, incorporating both current and projected demographic data linked to natural environmental processes? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) developed case studies of local level responses by different groups to demographic dynamics, particularly in areas subject to environmental stress and in deteriorating urban centres?

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.23

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.24

Target Group Indigenous groups and local communities

Target Date

Reference

9.1.1.2 Building and strengthening a national information base
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.25 Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.26

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.27

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) disaggregated population data by, inter alia, sex and age in order to take into account the implications of the gender division of labour for the use and management of natural resources? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) taken account of resource needs, waste production and ecosystem health in formulating human settlements policies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) integrated the direct and induced effects of demographic changes on environment and development programmes and the impact on demographic features assessed? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) established and implemented national population policy goals and programmes that are consistent with national environment and development plans for sustainability and in keeping with the freedom, dignity and personally held values of individuals? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) developed appropriate socio-economic policies for the young and the elderly, both in terms of family and state support systems? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.28

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

9.1.1.3 Incorporating demographic features into policies and plans
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.29 Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.30

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.31

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.32

Target Group Young and elderly populations

Target Date

Reference

Source

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.33 Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) developed policies and programmes for handling the various types of migrations that result from or induce environmental disruptions, with special attention to women and vulnerable groups? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) incorporated demographic concerns, including concerns for environmental migrants and displaced people, in the programmes for sustainable development of relevant international and regional institutions? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) conducted national reviews of environmental strategies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) integrated population policies in national development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) monitored the implementation and effectiveness of national environmental strategies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Women and vulnerable groups

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.34

Target Group Environmental migrants and displaced people

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.35

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.35

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.35

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

9.1.2 Means of implementation 9.1.2.1 Raising awareness of demographic and sustainable development interactions
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.37 Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) increased the understanding of the interactions between demographic trends and factors and sustainable development in all sectors of society? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Target Date Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.37 Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) placed stress on local and national action so as to raise awareness of demographic and sustainable development interactions? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) coordinated and integrated demographic and sustainable development education in both the formal and non-formal education sectors? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) paid particular attention to population literacy programmes, notably for women? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) placed special emphasis on the linkage between these programs, article 5.37, primary environmental care and the provision of primary health care and services? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) enhanced the capacity of national, regional and local structures to deal with issues relating to demographic trends and factors and sustainable development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) strengthened the relevant bodies responsible for population issues to enable them to elaborate policies consistent with the national prospects for sustainable development? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.37

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.37

Target Group Population literacy programmes, notably for women

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.38

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

9.1.2.2 Strengthening institutions
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.38 Target Group National, regional and local structures Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.38

Target Group Bodies charged with population issues

Target Date

Reference

Source

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.38 Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) enhanced cooperation among government, national research institutions, non-governmental organizations and local communities in assessing problems and evaluating policies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) enhanced the capacity of the relevant United Nations organs, organizations and bodies, international and regional intergovernmental bodies, non-governmental organizations and local communities to help countries develop sustainable development policies on request and, as appropriate, provide assistance to environmental migrants and displaced people? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and other relevant actors with appropriate assistance from aid agencies) improved inter-agency support for national sustainable development policies and programmes through better coordination of population and environment activities? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Government, national research institutions, NGO’s and local commu nities

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.39

Target Group Developing countries, environmental migrants and displaced people

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.40

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

10. Stakeholders: Governments and local communities, including community-based women's organizations and national nongovernmental organizations, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations
10.1 Implementing integrated environment and development programmes at the local level, taking into account demographic trends and factors 10.1.1 Activities 10.1.1.1 Developing a framework for action
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.45 Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) established and implemented an effective consultative process with concerned groups of society where the formulation and decision-making of all components of the programmes are based on a nationwide consultative process drawing on community meetings, regional workshops and national seminars, as appropriate? In doing so, have you ensured that views of women and men on needs, perspective and constraints are equally well reflected in the design of programmes, and that solutions are rooted in specific experience? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) made the poor and underprivileged priority groups in this process? Target Group Poor and underprivileged priority groups Target Date Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) implemented nationally determined policies for integrated and multifaceted programmes, with special attention to women, to the poorest people living in critical areas and to other vulnerable groups, ensuring the involvement of groups with a special potential to act as agents for change and sustainable development? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) placed special emphasis on those programmes that achieve multiple objectives, encourage sustainable economic developm ent, and mitigate adverse impacts of demographic trends and factors, and avoid long-term environmental damage? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) included food security, access to secure tenure, basic shelter, and essential infrastructure, education, family welfare, women's reproductive health, family credit schemes, reforestation programmes, primary environmental care, women's employment should, as appropriate, among other factors? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed an analytical framework to identify complementary elements of sustainable development policies as well as the national mechanisms to monitor and evaluate their effects on population dynamics? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) given special attention to the critical role of women in population/environment programmes and in achieving sustainable development? Have these programs taken advantage of opportunities to link social, economic and environmental gains for women and their families? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.46

Target Group NGO’s, international organizations and vulnerable groups, especially women and the poor

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.47

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.48 CSD IV Decision 4/3 Art. 3

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

Source

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.48 Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) taken steps towards assuring the empowerment of women through education, training and policies to accord and improve women's right and access to assets, human and civil rights, labour-saving measures, job opportunities and participation in decision-making? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Have population/environment programs enabled women to mobilize themselves to improve their capacity to participate in and benefit from socio-economic development? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) undertaken specific measures to close the gap between female and male illiteracy rates? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Women

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.48

Target Group Women

Target Date

Reference

10.1.1.2 Supporting programmes that promote changes in demographic trends and factors towards sustainability
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.49 Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed and enhanced reproductive health programmes and services, to reduce maternal and infant mortality from all causes and enable women and men to fulfil their personal aspirations in terms of family size, in a way in keeping with their freedom and dignity and personally held values? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed culturally based information and education programmes that transmit reproductive health messages to men and women that are easily understood, consistent with national priorities? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) reinforced your efforts at institution-building in the field of population, environment and development-related policies with a view to achieving prompt integration of population concerns into sustainable development planning and policies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Target Group Parents Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.52

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 89

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Source CSD III Art. 85 Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) formulated and implemented population-related policies and programmes to support the objectives and actions agreed in Agenda 21 and other conferences and other international agreements, taking into account the common but differentiated responsibilities reflected in those agreements? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) fostered constituencies and institutional conditions to facilitate the implementation of demographic activities? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) gained support and commitment from political, indigenous, religious and traditional authorities, the private sector and the national scientific community to facilitate the implementation of demographic activities? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) closely involved established national machinery for women in developing these appropriate institutional conditions? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) coordinated population assistance with bilateral and multilateral donors to ensure that population needs and requirements of all developing countries are addressed, fully respecting the overall coordinating responsibility and the choice and strategies of the recipient countries? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) improved coordination at local and international levels? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) enhanced working practice in order to make optimum use of resources, draw on collective experience and improve the implementation of programs? Has UNFPA and other relevant agencies strengthened the coordination of international cooperation activities with recipient and donor countries in order to ensure that adequate funding is available to respond to growing needs? Target Group Target Date Reference

10.1.1.3 Creating appropriate institutional conditions
Source Agenda 21 Art 5.53 Target Group Authorities (political, indigenous, religious and traditional), the private sector, women, and the scientific community Target Date Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.54

Target Group Bilateral multilateral donors and developing countries

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.55

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed proposals for local, national and international population/environment programmes in line with specific needs for achieving sustainability? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) implemented, where appropriate, institutional changes so that old-age security does not entirely depend on input from family members? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) considered making contributions to the implementation of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, taking into account the provisions of chapters XIII and XIV of the Programme of Action, and the economic constraints faced by developing countries? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) transferred new and additional resources to developing countries, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, in order to ensure that population and development objectives and goals are met? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not?

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.56

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.56

Target Group Elderly

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 94

Target Group Developing countries

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 95

Target Group Developing countries

Target Date

Reference

10.1.2 Means of implementation 10.1.2.1 Research
Source Recommendation Target Group Target Date Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.58 Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) undertaken research with a view towards developing specific action programs? Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) established the necessary priorities between proposed areas of research? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) conducted socio-demographic research on how populations respond to a changing environment? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) improved the understanding of socio-cultural and political factors that can positively influence acceptance of appropriate population policy instruments? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) undertaken surveys of changes in needs for appropriate services relating to responsible planning of family size, reflecting variations among different socio-economic groups and variations in different geographical regions? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) undertaken research on the linkages among population, poverty, consumption and production, environment and natural resources, education and human health as a guide to effective sustainable development policies? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recomme ndation

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.59

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.60

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.61

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

Source CSD III Art. 87

Target Group

Target Date

Reference

10.1.2.2 Human resource development and capacity-building
Source Target Group Target Date Reference

Demographic Dynamics and Sustainability Commitments Chapter 5: Agenda 21 and UN Commission on Sustainable Development
Agenda 21 Art 5.62 Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) made the areas of human resource development and capacity-building, with particular attention to the education and training of women, a very high priority in the implementation of population programs? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) conducted workshops to help programme and project managers link population programmes to other development and environmental goals? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed educational materials, including guides/workbooks for planners and decision makers and other actors of population/environment/development programs? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) developed cooperation between governments, scientific institutions and non-governmental organizations within the region, and similar institutions outside the region? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Recommendation Has the government (and local communities, including community-base women’s organizations and national NGO’s, with the assistance and cooperation of international organizations) fostered cooperation with local organizations in ordered to raise awareness, engage in demonstration projects and report on the experience gained? 1.) If yes: a.) How and When? b.) What was the impact? c.) How was it measured? 2.) If not: Why not? Women

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.63

Target Group Programme and project managers

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.64

Target Group Planners and decisionmakers

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.65

Target Group Governments, scientific institutions and NGO’s

Target Date

Reference

Source Agenda 21 Art 5.65

Target Group Local organizations

Target Date

Reference

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