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Name Class Date

Skills Worksheet

Concept Review
MATCHING
In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best matches the
description.

______ 1. international agreement to limit a. El Niño


CFC production b. atmospheric CO2
______ 2. destroyed by CFCs c. stratospheric ozone
d. winter
______ 3. caused by wind and influenced by
Earth’s rotation e. Montreal Protocol
f. greenhouse effect
______ 4. increases when fossil fuels
g. DNA damage
are burned
h. surface ocean currents
______ 5. low-angle sunlight
i. prevailing winds
______ 6. winds push warm water eastward j. La Niña
in the Pacific Ocean

______ 7. heat trapped by atmosphere near


Earth’s surface

______ 8. potential result of high UV radiation


at Earth’s surface

______ 9. water is cooler than usual in the


eastern Pacific Ocean

______10. trade winds, westerlies, and


polar easterlies

MULTIPLE CHOICE
In the space provided, write the letter of the term or phrase that best completes
each statement or best answers each question.

______11. Climate in a region is ______12. Rain frequently results


a. the long-term, prevailing whenever
atmospheric conditions. a. cold, moist air rises.
b. determined only by sea- b. warm, moist air rises.
sonal daylight hours. c. warm, dry air sinks.
c. the atmospheric condi- d. cold, dry air sinks.
tions on a given day.
d. never affected by ocean
currents.

Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.


Holt Environmental Science 1 Atmosphere and Climate Change
Name Class Date

Concept Review continued

______13. Latitude strongly influences ______18. Ozone in the stratosphere


climate because a. causes skin cancer.
solar energy falls on areas b. prevents DNA repair.
that are closer to the c. absorbs UV light.
equator than to the poles. d. destroys CFCs.
a. less
b. the same amount of ______19. Ozone holes appear in polar
c. more regions during springtime
d. sometimes less when ozone-destroying
a. chlorine atoms are
______14. An important property of air released from polar
circulation is stratospheric clouds.
a. warm air is denser than b. chlorine atoms are
cold air. captured by polar
b. cold air and warm air stratospheric clouds.
have the same density. c. CFCs are synthesized on
c. cold air is denser than polar stratospheric clouds.
warm air. d. CFCs magnify ultraviolet
d. air has no mass. light.

______15. Which of the following gases ______20. Once in the atmosphere,


is most responsible for the CFCs
greenhouse effect? a. quickly become harmless.
a. nitrous oxide b. destroy ozone for only a
b. methane short time.
c. oxygen c. persist but stop
d. water vapor destroying ozone.
d. persist and continue to
______16. Which of the following destroy ozone for decades.
reduce(s) CO2 in the
atmosphere? ______21. La Niña is the
a. phytoplankton phase of the El Niño-
b. tropical rain forests Southern Oscillation
c. oceans (ENSO) cycle.
d. all of the above a. warm c. neutral
b. cold d. mixing
______ 17. During the summer, sunlight
in the Northern Hemisphere ______22. The average global tempera-
shines ture has during
a. obliquely for long days. the 20th century.
b. slanting for short days. a. remained the same
c. more directly for b. increased every year
long days. c. risen some years and
d. less directly for fallen other years but
short days. has increased overall
d. risen some years and
fallen other years but
has decreased overall
Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
Holt Environmental Science 2 Atmosphere and Climate Change