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Prestressed Precast I-Girder Design for Intermediate Beams - CE767

Geometrical Properties
Girder Span Length
Girder Depth
Spacing of Girders

L
h
S

24
182.88
0.85

m
cm
m

Deck Thickness

tdeck

20

cm

0
0

cm
cm

Haunch Thickness
Haunch Width

Please choose the type of the beam cross section (1/2)


Please enter the dimensions of the section in "SectionComposer"

Material Properties of Concrete


Elastic Modulus - AASHTO LRFD 5.4.2.4-1
Descrip.
fc`
Unit W
(MPA)
(kg/m3)
CIP Deck
30
2500
Beam@transfer
40
2500
Beam@service
50
2500

Loads
DW, Dead Load Placed on Structural Components
Thickness of wearing surface
6
cm
Unit weight of wearing surface
2200
kg/m3

Cross sectional Properties for a Single Beam


Girder from LARSA Section Composer
Area
Istrong
Iweak
bw
yb
(cm2)
(cm4)
(cm4)
(cm)
(cm)
6070.9556 2.79E+07 2095094 15.24
92.55
Cross Diaphragms
width
height
Quantity

25
94
3

Cross sectional Properties for the Composite Beam


Descript. Area
yb
A.yb
A(ycb-yb)2
(cm2)
(cm)
(cm3)
(cm4)
Beam
6070.96
92.6
561896
1941330.8
Haunch
0.00
0
0
0
Deck
1316.81
192.88
253987
8950186.1
Sum
7387.77
8.16E+05
Section, ycb =

110.4

Ec
(MPA)
29440
33994
38007

DC, Dead Load of Structural Components and non-structural elements


Self Weight
1.518
t/m
Deck Weight
0.425
t/m
Haunch
0.000
t/m
Sum
1.943
t/m

cm
cm
two at ends and one at mid-span

Istrong
(cm4)
2.79E+07
0
43894

Istr+Ay2
(cm4)
2.99E+07
0.00E+00
8.99E+06
3.89E+07

Cross Diaphragms

0.499375
0.499375

tons per girder at mid-span


tons per girder at each end

Barrier
Wearing Surface
Sum

0.100
0.112
0.212

t/m per beam


t/m per beam
t/m per beam

LL, Distrubution Factors for LiveLoad H30 truck


Distribution Factor for Bending Moment - lane/beam

S=
ts =
L=
Nb =
Kg

cm

Effective Flange Width (AASHTO LRFD 4.6.2.6.1)


1/4 Span =
6
m
12ts + web
2.908
m
Spacing =
0.85
m
Use
0.85
m

Kg =
DFM =

Prestressing steel
# of strands
Area of 1 strand

Spacing for prestressing strands

DFS =

Layer 1 - # of strands
Layer 2 - # of strands
Layer 3 - # of strands
Layer 4 - # of strands
Layer 5 - # of strands
Layer 6 - # of strands
Layer 7 - # of strands
Layer 8 - # of strands
Layer 9 - # of strands

11
11
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

c.g of prestressing tendons from bottom

cm

Check for fitting


x
y,from bottom
(cm)
(cm)
60
5
60
10
5
15
5
20
5
25
5
30
5
35
5
40
5
45

7.50

cm

mm
mm
mm
mm4

NOT OK
OK
OK
OK
OK

Table 4.6.2.2.3a-1

0.77
13

(1/2 in. Dia. Seven wire, low relaxation)


22
Ab
98.71
mm2

850
200
24000
>=4
1.15E+12

1.15E+12 mm4
0.369
lanes/beam

Distribution Factor for Shear - lane/beam


Modular Ratio of Deck to Beam =
Span to Depth Ratio

Table 4.6.2.2.2b-1

Prestressing force
Ultimate strength
Yield strength
Initially (=0.75 fpu)
Initial loss
Initial loss
At Transfer after initial losses
Total Prestressing Force

Reinforcing Bars
Yield strength

fpy

fpu
fpy
fpi

1861.65
1675.485
1396.2
4.3
60.0
1336.2
2901.7

420

MPa

MPa
MPa
MPa
%
MPa
MPa
kN

0.430

lanes/beam

(LRFD Table 5.4.4.1-1)


(LRFD Table 5.9.3-1)

STRESSES AT TRANSFER

Moment due to prestressing


Moment due to SW of the beam

Mp at c/g of beam
Mbeam at c.g of beam

2468.0
1072.0

kN-m
kN-m

Stress check at transfer - midspan


Bottom Fiber - Compression

`=-P/A-Mp/Sb+Mb/Sb

-9.405

MPa

<

-24

MPa

OK

Top Fiber - Tension Check

`=-P/A+Mp/St-Mb/St

-0.265

MPa

<

1.581

MPa

OK

without bonded reinf.


Check Total Loss due to Initial Prestressing
Loss = n * elastic shortening stress
n = Es/Ec
5.78
Elastic Shortening Stress

`=(-P/A)-(Mp*e)/I+(Mb*e)/I

Loss

iterate for loss

-52.20

-9.031
60.0
(estimated)

MPa

MPa

Check Stresses at Transfer Length Section


Transfer Length =

60 dia =

mm

LRFD Art. 5.8.2.3

Mbeam @ end of Transfer Length =

131.82

kN-m

P=
Mp at c.g of beam =

0.00
0.00

kN
kN-m

Debonded strands =

762
22

Bottom Fiber Stresses =

`=-P/A-Mp/Sb+Mb/Sb

0.437

MPa

<

-24

MPa

OK

Top fiber Stresses =

`=-P/A+Mp/St-Mb/St

-0.426

MPa

<

1.581

MPa

OK

Not checked but say at every meter activate 8 strands from the end zone.

STRESSES AT SERVICE LOADS

Prestress Losses at Service Level


Elastic Shortening

-52.20

MPa

fpi
Aps
Ag
gamma-k
gamma-st
delta fpr

(see above comp.)

delta fpl

1396.24
MPa
2171.61
mm2
607095.56 mm2
0.8
0.74
17
MPa
(AASHTO LRFD Section 5.9.5.3)
96.20
MPa

Total Prestress Loss at Service


Total Prestress loss (%)
Total Prestress Stress after losses

-148.40
10.6
1247.84

Total Prestress Force


Mp
Mdc
Mdw
Mll
Mll+im
Stresses at Mid-Span

Beam Top Fiber Stresses =

2709.8
2304.8
1372.2
149.9
3464.6
1698.5

kN
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m
kN-m

Live Load Table


H30-S24

MPa

Span
m

MPa

(iterative)
Finding the number of strands

Compute stresses using


non-composite
non-composite
non-composite
composite
from the table in "live loads" sheet
composite

Service I =
P/A
(MPa)
-4.46

Mp term
(MPa)
7.45

-4.46

7.45

Service III =
-4.46

-7.64

-4.46

-7.64

fbc
fpb
ybs
ec
Ppe
Final loss
#

1.00(DC+DW) + 1.00 (LL+IM)


Check compressive Stresses in prestressed comp.
Mdc term Mdw term Mll+im term
Total
(MPa)
(MPa)
(MPa)
(MPa)
-4.44
-0.28
-1.73

8.83
5.30
9.144
83.41
1.20E+03
10.6
10

<

-22.50

OK

-0.28

-3.17

-4.89

<

-22.50

OK

-0.28

-3.13

-3.41

<

-13.5

OK

1.00(DC+DW) + 0.80 (LL+IM)


Check tensile stresses in prestressed concrete comp.
4.55
0.43
-7.13

<

3.54

OK

<

3.54

OK

-4.44

Top of Deck Fiber Stresses

Beam Bottom Fiber Stresses =

from AASHTO Table

4.55

0.43

3.86

-3.27

Mpa
MPa
cm
cm
Kn
%

0.3
0.6
0.9
1.2
1.5
1.8
2.1
2.4
2.7
3
3.4
3.7
4
4.3
4.6
4.9
5.2
5.5
5.8
6.1
6.4
6.7
7
7.3
7.6
7.9
8.2
8.5
8.8

Moment
kN-m
16.2
32.55
48.75
65.1
81.3
97.65
113.85
130.2
146.4
162.75
178.95
195.3
211.5
227.7
244.05
260.25
276.6
292.8
309.15
325.35
341.7
357.9
374.25
391.95
421.8
451.8
481.95
512.4
543

FATIGUE CHECK
Fatigue is typically checked for one lane load instead of multiple lanes however for simplicity use above Mll+IM
Distribution Factor for 1 lane loading
Bottom Compressive Stress due to permanent loads and prestress =
Bottom Tensile Stress due to( 0.75 Mll+IM) =
Ratio comp/tension =

2.51

>

-7.13
2.84
don't check fatigue

MPa
MPa
LRFD 5.5.3.1

check of fatigue is not provided in this spreadsheet


STRENGTH LIMIT STATE
Mu1 = 1.25(DC)+1.5(DW)+1.75(LL+IM)
Mu2 =0.9(DC)+0.65(DW)+1.75(LL+IM)
Mu =
4912.5
kN-m
Mu =
4304.8
kN-m
dp

195.38

0.75

k
0.38

c=

23.72

cm

cm

>

20

Top flange thickness of the PC beam =


c=

33.38

>

cm
T-section behaviour

12.7

cm

32.7

cm

Average stress in prestressing tendons


fps =
1775.7592 MPa
Mn =
7145.5724 kN-m
for rectangular
Mn=
71078.885 kN-m
for T-section
Mr = n
=
1
Mr =

LRFD 5.5.4.2.1

71078.89

>

4912.5

kN-m

OK

SHEAR DESIGN
Vp =

kN

no draped tendons exist

Critical shear section approax. = de = h-ybs =


Vdc =
Vdw =
Vll=
Vll+im =

193.9
20.9
424.35
242.6

kN
kN
kN
kN

Vu =
Vc =
Vu =

698.3
349.5
698.3

kN
kN
>

157.3

Vn >

Vu/phi =

775.8

kN

426.3

kN

Req'd Vs =

195.38

cm

from the live loads table

kN

provide stirrups

= 45 deg
Av/s =

0.520

mm2/mm

Say S =

15

mm

Required Av =

7.8

mm2

Bar Dia =

mm

2 Bars, Av =

100.48

mm2

OK

Use

dia

15

mm

stirrups

Check minumum required reinforcement and maximum nominal capacity that can be provided by shear reinforcement
Not done in this spreadsheet

DFS

0.290

lanes/beam

9.1
9.4
9.8
10.1
10.4
10.7
11
11.3
11.6
11.9
12.2
12.8
13.4
14

573.75
604.65
635.55
666.6
698.55
734.55
770.55
806.55
842.55
878.7
914.7
986.85
1059.3
1131.75

14.6
14.6
15.2
15.8
16.5
17.1
17.7
18.3
18.9
19.5
20.1
20.7
21.3
22.9
24.4
25.9
27.4
29
30.5
33.5
36.6
39.6
42.7
45.7
48.8
51.8
54.9
57.9
61
67.1
73.2
79.2
85.3
91.4

1204.05
1204.05
1276.05
1349.55
1422.15
1494.9
1567.5
1640.1
1713.15
1785.75
1858.8
1931.4
2004.3
2186.4
2368.95
2551.65
2734.05
2916.45
3099.3
3464.55
3829.95
4195.35
4561.05
5033.4
5629.05
6257.7
6918.6
7612.05
8337.9
9887.55
11567.25
13377.15
15317.25
17387.55

H30-S24
End shear
and end
reaction
kN
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
213.45
227.55
240.15
251.55
260.85
269.55
277.5
284.85
290.85
296.85
302.25
307.65
312.3
316.2
320.25
325.65

330.9
335.55
340.2
344.25
348.3
352.35
355.65
358.95
362.25
365.7
368.25
373.65
378.3
382.35
387
387
390.3
394.35
397.65
400.35
403.05
405.6
408.3
410.4
412.95
414.3
416.4
421.05
424.35
427.65
430.35
433.05
435.75
439.65
442.95
451.05
472.35
493.8
515.1
536.4
557.85
579.15
600.45
643.2
685.95
728.55
771.3
814.05

GIRDER TYPE

1
Input lenghts (cm)
X1
66.04
X2
101.6
X3
15.24
X4
10.16
Y1
20.32
Y2
25.4
Y3
106.68
Y4
10.16
Y5
7.62
Y6
12.7

Calculation of IXX
A(cm2)
1341.9328
645.16
387.096
1625.8032
103.2256
154.8384
251.6124
270.9672
1290.32

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

XX -->
Strong axis

yb (cm)
10.16
28.79
33.02
99.06
159.17
157.48
167.64
166.37
176.53

A
yb'

6070.9556 cm2
92.55 cm

IXX

27,932,801.336 cm4

A*yb
13634.03725
18572.00587
12781.90992
161052.065
16430.76284
24383.95123
42180.30274
45080.81306
227780.1896
561896.0375

Ix
46173.94
23123.97
20811.57
1541887.69
591.97
1331.94
811.65
1311.13
17342.98
1653386.842

A*yb
8437.5
5041.666667
4000
26812.5
12890.625
9187.5
52500
118869.7917

Ix
21093.75
1527.78
1666.67
57213.54
644.53
703.13
6250.00
89099.39

6.711E+05
YY -->
Weak Axis

GIRDER TYPE

A
yl'
IYY

6070.9556 cm2
50.80 cm
2.095E+06 cm4

2
Required lenghts (cm)

Calculation of IXX

X1
X2
X3
Y1
Y2
Y3
Y4
Y5

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7

75
75
20
15
10
32.5
7.5
10

A(cm2)
1125
275
200
650
206.25
150
750

yb (cm)
7.5
18.33
20
41.25
62.5
61.25
70

XX -->
Strong axis

A
yb'
IXX

3356.25 cm2
35.42 cm
2.264E+06 cm4

YY -->
Weak Axis

A
yl'
IYY

3356.25 cm2
37.50 cm
1.109E+06 cm4

Calculation of IYY
A*(yb-yb')^2
9110250.10
2623461.79
1372019.79
68800.29
458118.30
652687.60
1418537.46
1476414.87
9099124.29
26279414.4938

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9
A10
A11
A12

A
1341.9328
322.58
322.58
387.096
1625.8032
51.6128
51.6128
154.8384
125.8062
125.8062
270.9672
1290.32

yl
50.80
34.71
66.89
50.80
50.80
39.79
61.81
50.80
22.01
79.59
50.80
50.80

A*yl
68170.19
11197.83
21576.30
19664.48
82590.80
2053.85
3190.02
7865.79
2769.41
10012.50
13765.13
65548.26
308404.54

Iy
487712.24
11561.98
11561.98
7492.17
31467.10
295.99
295.99
2996.87
7620.50
7620.50
28553.48
1109950.47
1707129.26

A*(yl-yl')^2
0.00
83477.52
83477.52
0.00
0.00
6252.72
6252.72
0.00
104252.10
104252.10
0.00
0.00
387964.69

yl
37.50
18.33
56.67
37.5
37.50
18.33
56.67
37.5
37.50

A*yl
42187.50
2520.83
7791.67
7500.00
24375.00
1890.63
5843.75
5625.00
28125.00
125859.38

Iy
527343.75
5776.91
5776.91
6666.666667
21666.67
4332.68
4332.68
5000
351562.50
932458.77

A*(yl-yl')^2
0.00
50512.15
50512.15
0.00
0.00
37884.11
37884.11
0.00
0.00
176792.53

Calculation of IYY
A*(yb-yb')^2
876806.55
80263.37
47539.51
22112.17
151277.14
100098.15
896964.96
2175061.85

A1
A2
A3
A4
A5
A6
A7
A8
A9

A
1125
137.5
137.5
200
650
103.125
103.125
150
750