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Name

I: Olfactory
II: Optic
III: Oculomotor

Function (Sensory,
Motor, Both)
special sensory
smell
special sensory
vision
motorcontrol of
eye movements

innervated
organs/glands

Eye muscles:
-Superior rectus
-Inferior rectus
-Medial rectus
-Inferior oblique
-Levator palpebrae
-Constrictor
pupillae
-Ciliary muscles

IV. Trochlear

motorcontrol of
eye movements

-oblique muscle of
the eye

V. Trigeminal

General sensory:
touch, pain,
pressure, hot, cold
in face
Motor: to muscles
used for chewing

Motor:
-Muscles of
mastication
-Tensor tympani
muscle

-Tensor veli
palatini muscle
-Mylohyoid muscle
-Anterior belly of
digastric muscle
Sensory:
-Face
-Scalp to vertex of
head
Conjunctiva of eye
(covering of eye)
-Nasal sinus
mucosal lining
-Lining of oral
cavity
-Tongue
-Teeth

Effects

-moves eye
upward
-moves eye
downward
adducts eye
(towards nose)
-moves eye
medially and
upward
-elevates upper
eyelid
-constricts pupil
-Moves eye
inward, down and
laterally
-Chewing
-adjusts tension on
ear drum to adjust
for loud noises
-palate elevation
-moves hyoid bone

VI. Abducens

motorcontrol of
eye movements

VII. Facial

Special sensory
(taste) from
anterior of tongue
Motor to muscles
of facial
expression, tear
glands, and some
salivary glands

-External aspect of
tympanic
membrane
-lateral rectus
muscle of the eye

Motor
-Stapedius muscle

-Posterior belly of
digastric muscle
-Muscles of facial
expression
(buccinator,
platysma, occipital
muscles)
-Lacrimal gland
-Sublingual glands
-Submandibular
gland
-Mucous
membranes of
nose

VIII.
Vestibulocochlear

special sensory
ear

IX. Glossopharyngeal

Sensory for
posterior of
tongue, pharynx,
and palate; blood
pressure
Motor to
pharyngeal
muscles
(swallowing),
salivary gland
(parotid)

-Skin behind ear


-Wall of ear canal
-External tympanic
membrane
-2/3 of the tongue,
hard and soft
-Cochlea
-semicircular
canals
-parotid gland
-carotid artery
(carotid body and
carotid sinus)
-Posterior 1/3 of
the tongue
-Skin of the
external ear
-Inner surface of
tympanic

-Moves eye
laterally (abducts
eye towards the
ear)
- adjusts stapedius
bone in response
to loud sounds

- facial expression

- tearing of the
eye
- salivation
- salivation

-sensation
-sensation
-sensation
-taste

-Hearing
-Balance
- salivation
-sensation to
control blood
pressure and fluid
balance
-sensation
-sensation

membrane
- posterior 1/3 of
the tongue
X. Vagus

XI. Accessory

XII. Hypoglossal

mixed (the major


parasympathetic
nerve)
Sensory from
pharynx, ear,
diaphragm,
visceral organs in
thoracic and
abdominal cavities
Motor to palatal
and pharyngeal
muscles
(swallowing and
voice); to viscera
in thoracic and
abdominal cavities

motor to voluntary
muscles including
sternocleidomastoi
d and trapezius
(move head,
shoulders)
motor to tongue
(swallowing and
speech)

-taste

Motor:
-throat (striated
m.)
-tongue (striated
m.)
-larynx (striated
m.)
-tensor veli
palatini (striated
m.)
-abdominal organs
(smooth m.)
Sensory:
-Throat
-Trachea (wind
pipe)
-Esophagus
-Abdominal organs
-Chemical
receptors near
aorta
-Skin
-Back of the ear
-External ear canal
External surface
tympanic
membrane (ear
drum)
-Motor supply to
sternocleidomastoi
d m. and trapezius
m.

tongue muscles

-turn head and


shrug shoulders)