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5.7 We are asked to determine the position at which the nitrogen concentration is 0.5 kg/m3. This problem
is solved by using Equation 5.3 in the form
J = D A
xA xB

If we take CA to be the point at which the concentration of nitrogen is 2 kg/m3, then it becomes necessary to solve
for xB, as
xB = xA + D A

Assume xA is zero at the surface, in which case

2 kg / m3 0.5 kg / m3

xB = 0 + (1.2 10-10 m2 /s)

1.0 107 kg / m2 - s

= 1.8 x 10-3 m = 1.8 mm

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