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PreparingscienceandTechnologyforUPSC
PostedbyVishwasNimbalkaronWednesday,19thMarch2014,Nocommentaddedsofar.

ScienceandtechnologysectionisanimportantpartofCivilServiceExamsyllabus.Questionsonscienceand
technologyareaskedinPrelimsandMainsexaminations,both.

BipinAhireIPS
S&TinUPSCPrelimsandMainssyllabus

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ScienceandTechnologydevelopmentsandtheirapplicationsandeffectsineverydaylife
AchievementsofIndiansinscience&technology
Indigenizationoftechnologyanddevelopingnewtechnology
GeneralScience
GeneralissuesonEnvironmentalEcology,BiodiversityandClimateChange
Conservation,environmentalpollutionanddegradation,environmentalimpactassessment
Awarenessinthefieldsof:
oInformationTechnology
oSpace
oComputers
oRobotics
oNanotechnology
oBiotechnology
oIssuesrelatingtointellectualpropertyright
Analysisof2013mainspapersofUPSCemphasizesimportanceofconceptualunderstandingofeverytopicin
syllabus given. When it comes to preparing S&T Section in UPSC, most of the aspirants face with immense
difficulties.
But with well defined strategy in UPSC S&T can converted from being most troublesome topic to scoring
sectionofourpreparation.HereismymantraforpreparingS&Ttoscoremaximummarks.
1)WhyScienceandTechnologyinUPSCSyllabus?
SciencehasalwayssignifiedtheHumanExcellence,ithasevolvedthemankindfrombasedonignoranceto
one based on reason. In the present period S&T acts as a best tool for administration. Growth in S&T is
proportionaltodevelopmentofcountry.SothelogicofhavingS&TinUPSCexaminationreliesonthefactthat
foranyonewhoaspirestobeapartofadministrationmustbewellawareofthesignificanceattachedtothe
toolsthathehasathisdisposal.
2)WhatarethedifficultiesinpreparingwithS&TinCivilServiceexamination?
MostimportantdifficultyinpreparationofS&TsectioninUPSCrestsonthetwofactsmentionedbelow:
SyllabusdeclaredbyUPSCisnotwelldefined,makingS&Tavast,vagueandmostdynamictopicto
prepare
LackofConcisestudymaterial(muchdifficultinregionallanguages)forUPSCexamination
3)HowtodealwithS&TinUPSC?
The preparation of science should involve a three stage strategy, so as to tackle the dynamic nature of
questions asked in UPSC examination. The preparation should begin with making a base stronger by
thoroughly understanding the concepts involved in subjects. The understanding of concepts does not mean
thecollectionoffactsbutrathertounderstandthereasonandlogicsinvolved.
Thenextstepofpreparationinvolvesinterlinkingofconceptsinvolvedwiththecurrentaffairs.Theanalysisof
previous years UPSC papers have reflected that majority of questions asked in section belong to current
affairs.
Nextstepshouldinvolveofhavingathoughtoninterdisciplinarynatureoftopic,fore.g.itcantounderstand
the social benefits of Indian space programme. UPSC now days give more importance on effects or use of
scienceandtechnologytosocietyoradministration.

ForNonSciencebackgroundstudentsinUPSCitisveryessentialtomakeconciseandprecisenotesinones
ownlanguage.Thishelpsinretainingtheinformationaswellashavingaconcretedatatobeputinanswer
sheet.
Thusthestrategycouldbesummarizedinfollowingsteps:
ConceptualunderstandingoftopicsrequiredinUPSCexamination
Analysisofcurrentaffairsrelatedtothetopic
Understandingtheinterdisciplinarynatureofthetopic
Makingconciseandprecisenotes
In the present times Civil Service Exam has been characterized by its ever evolving and growing dynamic
nature.Ithasbeenhighlightedineachandeverypartoftheexamination.Soforanaspirantitbecomesvery
essential to understand and develop a proper perspective towards every point in syllabus. So a new broad
dimensionbasedpreparationwithproperdirectioncanhelptotackleandsolvethemostchallengingquestions
oftheUPSCwithaconfidence.
SomeoftheStudyMaterial
a)NCERTBooksforScienceClassVIII,IX,XandalsoXI&XIIforselectedtopics.
b)TheHindu
c)ScienceReporter
d)YojanaandKurukshetra(forselectedtopicsonly)
e)IndiayearBook(forselectedtopicsonly)
f)TheFrontline(selectedarticlesorissues)

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