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GSM OMCR Operations and Maintenance Guide

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GSM OMCR Operations and Maintenance


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Tang Qingliang

Date:

2011/1/1

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Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.


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GSM OMCR Operations and Maintenance Guide

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Date
2011-1-1

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Written

Tang Qingliang

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GSM OMCR Operations and Maintenance Guide

Contents
1 Overview................................................................................... 1-5
1.1 About this Document......................................................................................................................................1-5
1.2 Intended Users................................................................................................................................................1-5
1.3 GSM system Introduction...............................................................................................................................1-5
1.4 OMCR Services Regulations..........................................................................................................................1-6

2 BSC6900 LMT Operations............................................................2-5


2.1 MML Commands............................................................................................................................................2-5
2.1.1 Introduction to MML commands..........................................................................................................2-5
2.1.2 Make MML Commands........................................................................................................................2-5
2.1.3 Run Script in Batch...............................................................................................................................2-7
2.2 Alarms.............................................................................................................................................................2-8
2.3 Device Maintenance.....................................................................................................................................2-11
2.3.1 Monitor Channel status.......................................................................................................................2-11
2.3.2 Lock/ Unlock TRX..............................................................................................................................2-12
2.3.3 Monitor Interference Band..................................................................................................................2-13
2.4 Trace.............................................................................................................................................................2-14

3 M2000 Operations....................................................................3-15
3.1 Introduction to M2000..................................................................................................................................3-15
3.2 Alarms...........................................................................................................................................................3-17
3.3 Measurement Settings..................................................................................................................................3-18
3.4 User-defined Counter Management..............................................................................................................3-18
3.5 Query Result.................................................................................................................................................3-19
3.5.2 Object Settings....................................................................................................................................3-20
3.5.3 Counter settings...................................................................................................................................3-21
3.5.4 Other Settings......................................................................................................................................3-21
3.5.5 Line Chart............................................................................................................................................3-22
3.6 MML.............................................................................................................................................................3-23

4 CME Operations.......................................................................4-25
4.1 Introduction to CME.....................................................................................................................................4-25
4.1.1 How to login to CME..........................................................................................................................4-25
4.1.2 Plan Area and Current Area.................................................................................................................4-26

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4.2 Parameter change..........................................................................................................................................4-29
4.3 Neighbor Operations....................................................................................................................................4-35
4.3.1 Neighbor Review in CME...................................................................................................................4-35
4.3.2 Neighbors Configuration.....................................................................................................................4-35
4.4 Parameters Export........................................................................................................................................4-37

5 PRS Operations........................................................................5-41
5.1 Introduction to PRS......................................................................................................................................5-41
5.2 Object Group Management..........................................................................................................................5-42
5.2.1 Define Object Group...........................................................................................................................5-42
5.2.2 Exporting Object Group......................................................................................................................5-47
5.3 Performance Report Management................................................................................................................5-49
5.3.1 Defining Report...................................................................................................................................5-49
5.3.2 Excel Template Management..............................................................................................................5-58
5.4 Querying Report...........................................................................................................................................5-63
5.5 KPI Analysis.................................................................................................................................................5-67

6 Routine Data Collection............................................................6-73


6.1 CFG File Collection.....................................................................................................................................6-73
6.2 OPT Logs Collection....................................................................................................................................6-73
6.3 ALM Logs Collection...................................................................................................................................6-73
6.4 Original Stats................................................................................................................................................6-74
6.5 GCSR & DBUG Logs..................................................................................................................................6-74

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Overview

1.1 About this Document


This document is designed to guide RF engineers in GSM OMCR operations and maintenance
the tools. This document is experience summaries which can make users start their work
easier. For other detailed operations and descriptions relating to the mentioned tools, see the
tool help file or product document.
The related software version mentioned in the document is showing as below:
M2000: V200R009C00SPC2602
BSC:

V900R011ENGC00SPH728

PRS:

V100R005C00SPC020

CME:

V200R009C02SPC220

1.2 Intended Users


This guide is drafted for radio network planning and optimization engineers.

1.3 GSM system Introduction


The GSM system structure is showing as following, the radio planning and optimization
mostly focus on the BSS part.

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Figure 1 GSM system structure

In different GSM network, different OM client, the IP addresses mostly are different, the user
name and password are also different. They are managed and distributed by OMC
administrator. Every OMCR should follow the rules of the OMC.
For example, there are 2 BSCs in one network, the IP addresses, user names and passwords
like the following table:

Table 1: equipment IP address and maintenance account example

1.4 OMCR Services Regulations


RF engineers work in the OMCR should follow the OMCR regulations, and pay attention to
below points:
1) Ask for customers permission before entering the equipment room. Register the
carry-on articles while going in or out of the equipment room.

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2) Strictly abide by customers rules and regulations. For example, make sure whether
the customer requires you to put on a shoe cover before entering the equipment room.
3) Smoking, game playing and operating the equipment provided by other vendors
without permission in the equipment room are strictly forbidden.
4) Its forbidden to access to the internet websites which are not related to the on-site
service.
5) Equipment operation and maintenance are not allowed without customer permission
and accompanying; in principles, temporary account and password provided by
customers should be used for this purpose. The use of super-password before
customers is forbidden. In principle, the operation should be within the scope of
operation approved by customers. Exceptional operations should be applied to
customers and explanations on possible impacts should be provided.
6) If the equipment runs normally, do not perform any dangerous operations during peak
hours and periods for the appraisal of communication indexes or periods of
communication assurance.
7) Clean up the site after the service is completed to keep the equipment room tidy and
clean;

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BSC6900 LMT Operations

The LMT provides graphical user interface (GUI) for you to operate and maintain the
BSC6900 on the web page. You can perform the alarm management, trace management,
performance monitoring, and device maintenance through menu operations. You can also run
the MML commands and read the corresponding execution results on the LMT.

2.1 MML Commands


2.1.1 Introduction to MML commands
An MML command consists of two parts: action and object, for example, ADD OP, wherein
ADD is the action and OP is the object. Given below list describes the actions that can be
performed through MML commands. Some useful action for the reference:

Action
ACT
ADD
CHK
CMP
DSP
LST
MOD
RMV
SET

Description
Activate
Add
Check
Compare
Display
List
Modify
Remove
Set

Table 2: description of some useful commands

2.1.2 Make MML Commands


Select one NE from iManager M2000 of same version for which MML commands need to be
executed. After that web browser open and you chose MML section to create the script
snapshot will help you how to do work and make the script.
Step 1:

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Login Main Topology of iManager M2000, select on NE in which you want to run the script

Step 2:
Choose MML from the tab; input the command in Command Input box, and then Exec.

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2.1.3 Run Script in Batch


Copy the script and paste your script in the BATCH tab then press the button of GO to execute
the script the script will run and successfully complete. If any problem occurs then script will
stop and tell you where and which line of script have error then you go to execution type box
and chose the option of Run from line and enter the line number from where error occurs. If
you successfully run the script and parameter change off all the cells of NE.

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2.2 Alarms

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This describes how to manage BSC6900 alarms through the LMT. Through the alarm
management, you can analyze the alarms more efficiently to facilitate the troubleshooting.

If you want to take all alarms of the NE, you simply press the refresh button then press the
save all records button to save the alarms records in your PC.

If you want to query the alarm logs, you can choose the Query Alarm Log tab. First choose
the alarm time you want, you can select the alarm type and alarm severity as well, then you
chose the site and press the button of Query the result will be shown on your system after that
you save the record.

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2.3 Device Maintenance


In this tab we can check the live status of the site from Monitor channel status. We can check
the monitor channel interference band and also modify administrative status in which we can
lock the Cell, TRX, and Channel.

2.3.1 Monitor Channel status

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2.3.2 Lock/ Unlock TRX

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2.3.3 Monitor Interference Band


In Monitor Interference band we can check the interference on the channel there are 5 type of
interference band.

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2.4 Trace
Trace management is performed in the routine maintenance of equipment. You can trace the
messages on the interfaces and signaling links to verify data and locate faults. Do not start
excessive tracing tasks when the traffic load is high. Otherwise, the LMT response speed is
very slow. In this case, set Trace Mode to Save To OMU when you start a tracing task.

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M2000 Operations

The M2000 is a centralized element management system (EMS) of huawei mobile networks. It
manages mobile NEs in a centralized manner.

3.1 Introduction to M2000


The M2000 provides the following functions:

No.

Name

System output
1 window
2 Menu Bar

Description
The time displayed is the time
of the client. The log, fault, and
security information is provided
by the server. Therefore, the
displayed time is the time of the
server.
The menu bar shows the main
menu of the system.

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3 Status bar
4 Toolbar

The status bar displays the


current status information about
the system, such as the current
user and the IP address of the
connected server.
The toolbar shows the shortcut
icons for key operation tasks.

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3.2 Alarms
Alarms are classified into critical, major, minor and warning severities. This section describes
how to adopt corresponding processing policies for different alarm severities and redefine the
alarm severities.
1.

Choose Monitor > Query Alarm List or Logs from the main menu, or click
on the toolbar.

2.

In the Filter dialog box, set the alarm query conditions.

3.

Choose Monitor > Query Alarm Event all procedure is same only there filter box have
no Status Table and clearance time.

(1) Select one or multiple options in the check box. All the options are selected by default.
(2) Select one or multiple options in the check box. All the options are selected by default.
(3) Start Time: To query the alarms/events that are raised or Cleared later than this time.
End Time: To query the alarms/events that are raised or cleared earlier than this time.
Latest: To query the alarms/events that are raised or cleared in the latest hours, days,
weeks, or months
(4) Alarm Source: You can select the sites or NEs.
Advanced: Advanced parameters of the alarms that you want to query.
Copy From Template: To copy the filter conditions stored in the copy template.

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Save Template: To save the current settings in a template.


Reset: To restore the parameters for alarm query to the default settings.

3.3 Measurement Settings

3.4 User-defined Counter Management

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3.5 Query Result


1.

Choose Performance > Query Result, or click


displayed.

. The Query Result window is

2.

Click New Query, or right-click any node except OMC in the navigation tree, and then
choose New Query from the shortcut menu.
If you must save the latest query conditions as a template, you can click Condition to
view the query conditions that are set for last operation.

3.

On the Object Settings, Counter Settings, and Other Settings tab pages, set the
conditions for querying the measurement results.

4.

Click Save Template.

5.

In the displayed Save as dialog box, enter the name of the new template.
The template name is composed of up to 64 characters, including numerals, spaces,
English letters, and some special characters ! { } [ ] ( ) , . ; and underlines.

6.

Select a subdirectory in the directory tree to store the new template.


You can right-click the navigation tree, and then choose Create Dir from the shortcut
menu to create a new subdirectory.

7.

Optional: Select Set default template to set the template as the default template.
After that, measurement results are queried by the conditions in the default template every
time you open the Query Result window.

8.

Click OK to save the template.

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(1) Navigation Tree: Navigation tree of the result query templates. User templates,
which help them to get result fast.
(2) Table: Displays query results in a table.
(3) Button bar: Provides the functions of setting new query conditions, viewing the
defined query conditions, these buttons will enable after getting the stat with clicking
you can move Measurement Status window, querying missing results, and closing the
active window.

3.5.2 Object Settings


Search for a measurement object in the measurement object navigation tree by entering the key
in the measurement object name and then clicking Find.

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3.5.3 Counter settings


Search for a measurement Counter in the measurement Counter navigation tree by entering
the key in the measurement object name and then clicking Search.
In the Available Counters area, the counters that are not set for performance measurements
are in grey.
The number of selected counters that are already set for measurements should not exceed 150.
In the Selected Counters area, the number of selected counters is displayed.

3.5.4 Other Settings

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(1) Continuous Time Mode is check by default, you should check Section Time Mode if you
want to get results within separate time segments.
For the same query template, you can set a maximum of three times segments. The start
time of each time segment must be earlier than the end time. The start time of the next
time segment must be later than or the same as the end time of the current time segment.
(2) Date Range
All
Queries all the measurement results of certain counters under the selected objects based
on the query template.
Today
Queries the measurement results of certain counters under the selected objects within the
current day based on the query template.

Yesterday
Queries the measurement results of certain counters under the selected objects within the
last day based on the query template.
Specific
Queries the measurement results for certain counters under the selected objects within a
specified time segment based on the query template. In this case, Start Time and End Time
must be set.
(3) Period: we are using mostly 3 Period
15 minutes
60 minutes
24Hours
(4) Mostly we use default value in Sort part.
(5) By clicking Query button, we can get the results, or Export to download the data.

3.5.5 Line Chart


There are 3 view result type: Table, Line Chart, and Bar chart.

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Table: We can get the detailed result by table type. If you like to analysis by Excel for detailed
analysis, this is the best way.
Line chart and Bar chart: We can analysis the results easily by line chart and bar chart type.
We can make the report easier, also save lots of time to make the chart by ourselves.
There are 2 types in Line chart: by object and by counter.

3.6 MML
MML is interface where we can do work Fast and efficient
1.

Choose Maintenance > MML Command, or click


is displayed.

2.

Select one or multiple NEs of same version for which MML commands need to be
executed.

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(1) All NEs are showing on that box you can select one or multiple NEs.
(2) MML Command Window, you can Search Command also.
(3) Input box:
a. Generate Input Interface
b. Execute Query F9
c. Move Previous command.
d. Move Next Command.
(4) Input interface or parameter display area. You can tune and see the parameters.

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CME Operations

CME (Configuration Management Express) is a Huawei Tool used for the configuration. It
can be used for the configuration of cell sites. CME works in Parallel with iManager M2000.
It means we cannot use CME until we login to M2000 server. In CME, we can create BTS,
configure or modify Cell parameters, frequencies etc. Basically what CME does is it creates
MML scripts for every action that we perform on the Cell/TRX. In the end, we can use these
MML commands to actually apply those actions/changes.
This chapter is made with respect of RF End. It does not cover the topics which are related to
the BSS end.

4.1 Introduction to CME


4.1.1 How to login to CME
To login to CME, open iManager M2000, go to Maintenance TabCME;

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4.1.2 Plan Area and Current Area


1.

Current Area: we can only view the NEs and its parameters, any type of modification
is not allowed. So if we want to see some parameter vales, it is better to use the
current area, use of planned area is not recommended in order to avoid unwanted
changes in the database.
To open the current area, go to Area ManagementOpen Current

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2.

Planned Area: If we want change the values of any parameter; we can use the planned
area.
(1) See the below images to know how a planned area is created.

(2) Give a name to your planned area, and select the NEs that you want to include in the
planned area.

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(3) Click the OK button, and it will start processing.

(4) We can swap between the current and planned are according to our requirement.
Below image shows how to swap between the current and planned are.

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3.

Area Synchronization: CME does not support automatic synchronization of Database,


we have to synchronize manually. Synchronizing all the NEs at a time is NOT
RECOMMENDED because it can cause the OML Link to get congested.

4.2 Parameter change


We will show the steps to make the cell level parameter change as an example.
1.

Right click the cell you want to perform the parameter change in plan area, and select
Cell Configuration Express.

2.

In cell Configuration express window, we can see all the cell level parameters e.g. Idle
Mode Parameters, Call Control Parameters, Handover Parameters etc. See Below;

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1. Shows Cell Name


2. Details of the Cell (Cell Index, Cell ID etc)
3. Parameter Categories
4. Parameter list of the concerned Category
1. Go to the desired parameter you want to change. For example, if we want to change the
parameter Concentric Circle HO Allowed, go to Handover Parameters, click on HO
Basic Parameters. A list of related parameters is displayed on the right side of the window.
From here we can input the desired value of the parameter. See Below;

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2. After make the changes, click on the cell and it will give the below message. And then
Click Yes to save the changes you made in your Planned Area.

3. Export the change script. Go to Area ManagementPlanned AreaExport


Incremental Script. See Below;

Or you can use the shortcut button to export your Script. See Below;

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It will display the following window. You can give the desired path where you want your
script to be saved.

In the above image you can see one option, Launch the Script Executer. If you check this
option, the CME will take you to the Script Executer window automatically, but you will not
be able to copy or edit your script there.
4. Run the script. Right click on your project in the script Executer Window, Activate
ProjectBreak on Failure.

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The Break on Failure Option will stop the script if it finds error in some command.
Otherwise if you choose the Best Effort Option, CME will execute all the commands,
skipping the command that contains the error.

It will show the following dialogs if successful.

5. We can keep the option of launch the Script Executer unchecked. What it will do is
will save the script in a .txt file on your desired path. You can copy that script and run in
the MML when you require. When you click export, it will display a link, where your
Script is saved in Text file.

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4.3 Neighbor Operations

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4.3.1 Neighbor Review in CME


Open Cell Configuration ExpressBSC 2G Neighbor Cell, you can get the 2G neighbors of
that cell.
Note: CME shows the neighbor relations by Cell Index, so it is better to see the neighbors
from MML as there you can see the neighbor relations by Cell Names.

4.3.2 Neighbors Configuration


1.

Right click on Cell NameNeighboring Cell Configuration Express, and then you
can add/delete neighbor relations or change Cell to Cell Parameters.

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4.4 Parameters Export


1.

Go to GSM Applications TabExport Cell Parameter Data

2.

Select Cells. There are 2 modes by cell and by NE can be chosen.

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3.

Select Attributes. Select the parameters you want to export.

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4.

Select the file type and file path you want to save the parameters, and then click Next or
Finish to export the data.

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PRS Operations

The PRS is a platform for monitoring and analyzing the performance data of mobile networks,
customizing reports, and displaying reports. The PRS is used for the functions such as routine
operation and maintenance of the mobile network.

It enables users to aggregate and store data based on multiple dimensions. It supports the
long-duration storage and efficient query of data.

It provides various predefined reports, which are used for monitoring and analyzing the
operating status of networks.

The PRS enables users to customize KPIs and reports, generate and distribute reports as
scheduled, query reports based on multiple dimensions such as object, time, and
properties, and manage dashboards, and thus improving the work efficiency of network
optimization engineers and operation and maintenance (OM) engineers.

5.1 Introduction to PRS


The PRS supports flexible operations for querying and collecting KPI statistics. You can
query the KPIs at object or time dimensions.
Support the KPI analysis. You can query results of KPIs at time and object dimensions
without creating a report
Support the scheduled generation and distribution of reports. Without starting the PRS client,
you can obtain the reports from the FTP server or the email address.
Support various report formats. A report can contain multiple pages. Each page support
different report formats and different filtering conditions, which reduces the user operations.
The PRS adopts the common object request broker architecture (CORBA) that provides a
basic data service platform for the system. The services and functions of the PRS are
developed and deployed on the basis of modules. In this way, the PRS can quickly respond to
your OM requirements.

Common Operations of Report Administrators:

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a.

Customizing Required Counters

b. Customizing Busy Hours


c.

Customizing KPIs

d. Creating Reports
e.

Setting the Correlations Between Reports and Excel Templates

f.

Distributing Reports Periodically

5.2 Object Group Management

5.2.1 Define Object Group


The Purpose of defining Object Group is to use them while query of selected cells/ Culprit
cells, regions or clusters define in form of object group.
After defining Object Group we can query through Report Management of specific counter at
once by clicking Query/ Query by Condition.
Here introduce how to define the cell group, the method to define BSC and other groups are
similar.
1.

Go to Performance ReportObject Group Management

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2.

Right click GCell, AddObject GroupNext

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3.

Select object type. Click Next to select BSC s/ Specific Culprit Cells for cell group
analyzing.

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4.

Provide the name and category of analysis, and then click Next to finish.

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5.2.2 Exporting Object Group


The Report properties of the object group can be exported to get detail of define information
in any Gcell Group template. Procedure for exporting is as below.

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5.3 Performance Report Management


After the element management system (EMS) collects the data of performance counter data
from NEs, the data collection module of the PRS periodically collects the data and saves it in
a file, and imports the data in the file to the report database. In this way, the PRS enables you
to learn the current network status by querying and monitoring the counter data.

5.3.1 Defining Report


We will make a simple report as an example in this part. The other type reports are similar.
1.

Right click a root file you want the report belong to. NewSimple Report, and then
Next.

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.
2.

Select the object type you want to define, and then Next.

3.

Set the Sub-report type. And input the sub-report name.

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4.

Select the counters which you need to export in the report.

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5.

Filter Condition. Choose the Filter Condition as per Report Requirement.

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6.

Select Top N condition. This makes it easy to get the worst cells.

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7.

Click OK, and Next, and then set the object that we need to output in the report template.
Note: The object we define here is for the template, we can select the mostly using object
in this report template. However, we can select the other object as well when query this
template.

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8.

Set the time condition in the report template.


Note: The object we define here is for the template, we can select the mostly using object
in this report template. However, we can select the other object as well when query this
template.

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9.

Select the object displaying attribute.

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10. Set the basic information: Report name, report directory, and report description.
After set the basic information, click Next and then Finish to end.

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5.3.2 Excel Template Management


This is one of the best features of PRS. The purpose is to generate graphical report
automatically from PRS. We can output the network daily/weekly/monthly report with KPI
trend graph or other graphs very easily.
This is base on the report template.
First select the right report template that we want to make, generate the required graph in
excel, and then import the excel template.
1.

First query the right repot template which your want to make, and save to your PC.

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2.

Generate the required graphs based on the downloaded data, after optimize the graphs and
format, delete all the data and save as a template.

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3.

Import the excel template. Right click the report template that just using, Excel Template
ManagementSet Excel Template, and then input the excel template location, and set
export parameters. The excel template is imported.

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4.

After import the excel template, there is no difference of query results showing in PRS,
but if you save the results, you will find that the graphs will be generated automatically.

5.4 Querying Report


In the report management, you can find some report templates by default, and the user-defined
report templates.
By double clicking the report template, you can get the results directly.
But if you want to take some more days status, or more objects status, you need to use query
by condition. Here shows the steps.
1.

Go to Report Management; select the report template that you want to query. Right click
the report template, go to Query by Condition.

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2.

Choose the Objects and time you want to query.

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3.

Then you can get the required data.

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4.

Saving data. Right click the main export page and save.

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5.5 KPI Analysis


This section describes how to generate a KPI analysis report. To query and obtain the
specified data from the report database and to generate corresponding KPI analysis reports,
you can set query conditions in real time.
1.

Go to Performance ReportKPI Analysis. Then you can get the following window:

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2.

Select the right object type. The mostly using object types are: GBSC, GCELL_GCELL
Group, GCell. Select the object type according to the counters you want to analysis.
Then, select the object.

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3.

Select the counters that you want to analysis.

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4.

Select the time.

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5.

Click the

, then you can get the results. PRS also can show the graphs which

is similar with M2000, by clicking on

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Routine Data Collection

For detailed analysis, we need to take more original data. This chapter is about those original
data. There are some parts maybe need the help from the BSS team.

6.1 CFG File Collection


The CFG file contained the configure information per BSC.
Collection method: open LMT or M2000, use the MML command: EXP CFGMML;

6.2 OPT Logs Collection


The OPT logs means record the operation on the BSC.
MML Command: COL LOG
BAM location: \mbsc\bam\version_a\ftp\COLLOGINFO\OPT-LOG

6.3 ALM Logs Collection


MML Command: COL LOG
BAM location: \mbsc\bam\version_a\ftp\COLLOGINFO\ ALM-LOG

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6.4 Original Stats


BAM location: \mbsc\bam\version_a\ftp\MeasResult
The file name format (hourly):
A20100809.1500+0500-1600+0500_EMS-NORMAL.mrf

6.5 GCSR & DBUG Logs


The logs name contains the [GCSR] and [DBUG].
The location is: \mbsc\bam\common\fam\famlogfmt

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