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4 Principle of Moments

Also known as Varigon's Theorem

Let's say we have several concurrent

forces.

We can determine its resultant

R F1 F2 ...

The moment of R about 0, where r is the position vector from 0 to a point on the

line of action of R .

MO r R

]M O r ( F1 F2 ...)

M O r F1 r F2 ...

The moment about a given point 0 of the resultant of several concurrent forces is

equal to the sum of the moments of the various forces about the same point 0.

4.5 Moment of a force about a specified axis

MO

A

0

x

z

M u M O u (r F )

May be written as:

ux

u ( r F ) rx

uy

uz

ry

rz

Fx

Fy

Fz

Def: Couple - 2 forces F and F having the same magnitude, parallel lines of

action, and opposite direction.

d

d

F y 0

Suppose we have

M rA F rB ( F )

M ( rA rB ) F

rB

But: rB r rA r rA rB

Thus: M r F

Summing

moments

about O.

rA

side has NO reference to 0, thus M is the same for ANY

Think of it this way: F creates a moment about some point, F , creates another

moment about the same point, usually in the opposite direction. The difference between

these 2 moments is always the same.

As long as the magnitude and direction of M does not change, you have equivalent

couples.

In the scalar world:

d

M Fd

1). Given: A device called a rolamite is used to replace slipping motion with rolling

motion. If the belt, which wraps between the rollers, is subjected to a

tension

of 15 N, determine the reactive forces N of the top and bottom

plates on the

rollers so that the resultant couple acting on the rollers is

equal to zero.

.

Solution:

M N MT

N 50 cos(30) 15 75

T 26 N

2). Given: The rodshown below is supported by two brackets at A and B. Given that the

magnitude of F is 700 N.

A (0,0,0,)

B (0.4,0.2,0)

C (0,6,0,0.3)

D (0,0.2,0)

M AB u AB .(rAC F )

F Fu CD 700

2

2

2

0

.

6

0

.

2

0

.

3

F 600i 200

j 600k

0.4i 0.2 j 0k

u AB

0.894i 0.447 j

0.4 2 0.2 2

M AB

0.894

0.6

600

0.447

0

200

0

0.3 0.894[(0)( 300) ( 200)(0.3)] 0.447[(0.6)(300) ( 600)(0.3)]

300

M AB 53.64 Nm

3). Given:

F i 3 j

lbs

A (4,-1)

B (3,2)

0' (2,-2)

0'

'

M O rOA F rOB ( F ) )

i

rOA F 4

j

1

rOB ( F )

rOA 4i j

rOB 3i 2 j

k

0 0i 0 j ( 4(3) ( 1)(1)) k 13k

ft lbs

0

k

3

1

2

3

0 0i 0 j (3( 3) ( 1)(2))k 7 k

0

ft lbs

M O 13k 7 k M O 6k ft lbs

M O rBA F

i

rBA F 1

1

rBA i 3 j

j

3

3

k

0 0i 0 j (1(3) (1)(3)) k 6k

ft lbs

rO ' A 2i j

rO ' B i 4 j

rO ' A F 2

j

1

k

0 0i 0 j ( 2(3) (1)(1)) k 5k

rO ' B ( F )

1

1

4

3

ft lbs

k

0 0i 0 j (1( 3) ( 1)( 4))k 1k

0

ft lbs

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