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1.

Introduction
Open source software (OSS) is defined as computer software for which the source code and certain other rights
normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under a software license that meets the Open Source Definition
or that is in the public domain. This permits users to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute it in
modified or unmodified forms. It is very often developed in a public, collaborative manner. Open source software is
the most prominent example of open source development and often compared to user-generated content. The
term open source software originated as part of a marketing campaign for free software.
Hardware is a general term that refers to the physical artifacts of a technology. It may also mean the physical
components of a computer system, in the form of computer hardware.
Software is a general term used to describe a collection of computer programs, procedures and documentation that
perform some tasks on a computer system. Software includes websites, programs, etc. that are coded by
programming languages like C, C++, etc.

2.0
2.1

The Latest Open Source Operating System (OS)


Meaning of open source OS
Open source refers to a program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or
modification from its original design free of charge. Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in
which programmers improve upon the code and share the changes within the community. Open source sprouted in
the technological community as a response to proprietary software owned by corporations.
An Operating System is a software program or set of programs that mediate access between physical
devices (such as a keyboard, mouse, monitor, disk drive or network connection) and application programs
(such as a word processor, World-Wide Web browser or electronic mail client).
Open source operating system is a software program or a set of program that medicate access
between physical devices which the source code is available to the general public for use or modification
from its original design free of charge.
2.2
Example of open source OS
Linux is a generic term referring to Unix-like computer operating systems based on the Linux kernel. Linux Kernel
2.6.30.1 latest release on 3 July 2009. Their development is one of the most prominent examples of free and open
source software collaboration; typically all the underlaying source code can be used, freely modified, and
redistributed
by anyone under the terms of the GNU GPL and other free licenses. Linux predominantly known for its
use in servers, although it is installed on a wide variety of computer hardware, ranging from embedded
devices and mobile phones to supercomputers. Linux distributions, installed on both desktop and laptop
computers, have become increasingly commonplace in recent years, owing largely to the popular
Ubuntu distribution and to the emergence of netbooks.
The name "Linux" comes from the Linux kernel, originally written in 1991 by Linus Torvalds. The rest of the
system, including utilities and libraries, usually comes from the GNU operating system announced in 1983 by
Richard Stallman. The GNU contribution is the basis for the Free Software Foundations preferred
name GNU/Linux.
PC-BSD is a Unix-like, desktop-oriented operating system based on FreeBSD.Latest version of PC-BSD is version
7.1. It is release on 10 April 2009. It aims to be easy to install by using a graphical installation program, and easy
and ready-to-use immediately by providing KDE as the default, pre-installed graphical user interface. PC-BSD
provides official binary nVidia and Intel drivers for easy hardware acceleration and an optional 3D desktop interface
through Compiz Fusion. PC-BSD also contains a package management system which allows users to graphically

install pre-built software packages from a single downloaded executable file, something uncommon on open source
operating system. In August 2006 it was voted the most beginner friendly operating system by OSWeekly.com.
Since October 10, 2006 PC-BSD has been supported by the enterprise-class hardware solution provider iXsystems.
In November 2007, iXsystems entered into a distribution agreement with Fry's Electronics whereby Fry's
Electronics stores nationwide carry boxed copies of PC-BSD version 1.4 (De Vinci Edition). In January 2008,
iXsystems entered into a similar agreement with Micro Center.

3.0
3.1

3.2

The Latest Open Source Application Software


Meaning of open source application software
Application software is the general designation of computer programs for performing user tasks. Application
software may be general purpose (word processing, web browsers) or have a specific purpose (accounting, truck
scheduling). Application software contrasts with system software, a generic term referring to the computer programs
used to start and run computer systems and networks; and programming tools, such as compilers and linkers, used to
translate and combine computer program source code and libraries into executable programs (programs that will
belong to one of the three said categories).
Open source refers to a program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or
modification from its original design free of charge. Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in
which programmers improve upon the code and share the changes within the community. Open source sprouted in
the technological community as a response to proprietary software owned by corporations
Open source application software is the general designation of computer program for performing user tasks that is
the source code is available to the general public for use or modification from its original design free of charge.
Examples of open source application software
Mozilla Thunderbird is a free, open source, cross-platform e-mail and news client developed by the Mozilla
Foundation. It latest release is on 22 June 2009 in version 2.0.0.22. The project strategy is modeled after Mozilla
Firefox, a project aimed at creating a web browser. On December 7, 2004, version 1.0 was released, and received
over 500,000 downloads in its first three days of release, and 1,000,000 in 10 days. Originally launched
as Minotaurshortly after Phoenix (the original name for Mozilla Firefox), the project failed to gain momentum. With
the success of the latter, however, demand increased for a mail client to go with it, and the work on Minotaur was
revived under the new name, and migrated to the new toolkit developed by the Firefox team.
Jokosher is a free, non-linear multi-trak audio editor, the source code of which is released under the GNU GPL. It
latest release is on 4 June 2009 in version 0.11.3. It is being developed in Python, using the GTK+ interface and
GStreamer as an audio back-end, for the Linux operating system; although future versions may have ports to other
operating systems. It was released to the public on July 21, 2006. Version 0.2 was publicly released on November
20, 2006 and it included support for LADSPA effects, and extensions. It also addressed many bugs present that made
version 0.1 unusable. At the beginning of 2006, Jono Bacon was dissatisfied with the available free and open source
Linux multi-track editors, and used Cubase instead to produce LugRadio, a Linux fortnightly podcast. He later on
conceived the idea of what initially was Jonoedit. The name Jokosher came later, a pun on the name Jo- no-bacon.
The aim was to create a open source multi-track editor that was easy to use, so the user did not require an
understanding of multi-track recording.

4.0
4.1

Latest Development in ICT


Hardware (state specification OR special features of ONE hardware and compare it to previous
model.
Brother HL-2140 Mono Laser
Brother HL-2170W Network
BRAND Name
Printer
Mono Laser Wireless Printer
Item Number
B50-HL2140
B50-HL2170W
Model

HL-2140 ( 4 Jan 2008)

HL-2170W (Jan 2008)

Price

$99.99

$129.99

Offers

Outstanding value and reliable


performance.
Design for home office users
printer.
Convenient paper handling.
Easy to set up and operate.

Technology

Mono laser

Wireless 802.11 b/g and


wired(Ethernet) network
interface for connection to your
wire or wireless router.
Design for home or office
printer sharing.
Have Ethernet and Wi-Fi.
32MB of memory standard for
faster processing.
Mono laser Wireless

Print Speed Black-Max


(ppm)
Memory (MB; Std /
Max)

22

23

8/8

32 / 32

Max Print Resolution

2400 x 600 dpi (HQ1200)

2400 x 600 dpi (HQ1200)

Paper Capacity (Std /


Max)

250 / 250 pages

250 / 250 pages

Print Languages

GDI

PCL6

Windows Drivers

WINDOWS VISTA, XP, 2000,


WINDOWS SERVER 2003

WINDOWS VISTA, XP, 2000,


WINDOWS SERVER 2003

Mac Drivers

OS 10.2.4 +

OS 10.2.4 +

Interfaces

USB 2.0

Dimensions (cm; W x D
x H)
Warranty

36.8 X 36.1 X 17

USB 2.0, Ethernet, Wireless


802.11 b/g
36.8 X 36.1 X 17

1 Year limited exchange express


warranty
No

1 Year limited exchange


express warranty
Yes

No

Yes

Network Ready
Wireless Network
Ready
4.2

Software(state year/date of release, special features of ONE software and compare it to previous
versions)

Name

WinZip

WinZip

Version

WinZip 12.0

WinZip 12.1

Latest Release

10 September 2008

3 May 2009

License

Proprietary

Proprietary

Developer
Function

WinZip International LLC


-Improve performance for both
home- and corporate users.
-Create smaller Zip files and
support to read 7Z, ISO and IMG
files.
-Enhancements for photo and
image compression,
management, and sharing.
-Can send photo faster and can
fit into hard drive.
-Transfer and compress photos
directly from your digital camera.
-View and work with photos
directly in WinZip.
-New advanced compression
methods
to
create
even
smaller Zip files..
-Can
compress
JPEG
files(digital photos or graphic
images).
Yes
No

WinZip International LLC


-Allow users to take advantage
of the image resize feature in
WinZip.
-Zip and E-Mail functions have
been enhanced in WinZip 12.1.
-Ability to resize images being
sent during Zip and E-Mail
functions.
-Users can quickly and easily
resize images during the zip
operation without altering the
original in any way.
-Allow users to take advantage
of the image resize feature.
-Users can quickly and easily
resize images during the zip
operation without altering the
original in any way.
- Easy to share highly
compressed files.
Yes
Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Features

Zip File
Zip
and
E-mail
Function
Photo and Images
Compression,
Management
and
Sharing
Create WinZips
smallest Zip files to
date

5.0
5.1

Pervasive Computing

Meaning of pervasive computing


Refers to the use of computers in everyday life, including PDAs, smart phones and other mobile devices.
It also refers to computers contained in commonplace objects such as cars and appliances and implies
that people are unaware of their presence. One of the Holy Grails of this environment is that all these
devices communicate with each other over wireless networks without any interaction required by the user.
See pervasive workplace.
5.2
Examples of pervasive computing(2)

LG 8Kg Direct Drive F1447TD Washing Machine


The LG F1447TD Washing Machine comes in a stylish white colour. The F1447TD has an efficient A+
+energy rating. The LG F1447TD is a fantastic kitchen appliance for your home. The F1447TD has been
rated with a A rating for wash performance and a B rating for its spin performance. This Washing Machine
has an enormous 8kg wash load, which is ideal for the larger household. It also benefits from a 1400rpm
spin speed and a quick wash functionality, so your clothes can be washed in no time. This is a front
loading model. The LG F1447TD Washing Machine runs at a quiet level of 54dB. To offer peace of mind
the LG F1447TD free standing Washing Machine also comes with 2 years warranty.
ADT Security Services Customer Monitoring Centers
ADT Security Services Customer Monitoring Centers help protect the people and things you value most,
24 hours a day, 7 days a week. There is a comprehensive network of four interconnected command
centers strategically located throughout the United States. The investment made in technology - and the
systems in place to back it up - illustrates a deep commitment to customers' safety and security. When a
home security alarm is received, ADT can call the local authorities for help so they can respond to an
emergency at your home.

6.0

Conclusion

From this assessment we can know about the meaning of open source software, hardware, and software. Open
source software is a source code and certain other rights normally reserved for copyright holders are provided under
a software license. Hardware and software is used to describe the physical component of computer and collection of
computer programs, procedures and documentation. Besides that, we also can know about the open source operating
system or open source OS. It is a software program or a set of program that medicate access between physical
devices which the source code is available to the general public for use or modification from its original design free
of charge. There are many types of open source OS. Two of the examples are Linux and PC-BSD. Open source
application software general designation of computer program for performing user tasks that is the source code is
available to the general public for use or modification from its original design free of charge.Examples of open
source application software is Mozilla Thunderbird and Jokosher. There are many computer hardware such as
printer. One example of printer brand is Brother HL printer. Examples of computer software are WinZip. Pervasive
computing is the use of computers in everyday life, including PDAs, smart phones and other mobile devices. Two
examples of pervasive computing are washing machine and home alarm.

Reference
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source_software
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardware
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Software
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Open_source
http://hitachi-id.com/concepts/operating_system.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_software
http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=pervasive+computing&i=49146,00.asp
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PC-BSD
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jokosher
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mozilla_Thunderbird
http://store.apple.com/us/product/TR039LL/A?mco=MzE4MzgzNw
http://www.filehippo.com/download_vlc/tech/

http://www.securitychoice.com/
http://www.imaging-resource.com/PRODS/A520/A52A.HTM
http://www.smartratings.com/computers/printers/442
http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/O/open_source.html
http://ncix.com/products/index.php?sku=28680
http://www.winzip.com/whatsnew121.htm
http://reviews.cnet.com/laser-printers/brother-hl-214
http://www.appliancesonline.co.uk/product_information.aspx?
ProductID=10805&ProductCode=F1447TD_WH&ProdColourID=16826&specification=true0/45053159_7-32847622.html