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Name : ________________________________

Class : ________

[PAHANG TRIAL 2008]


A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between object
distance, u and image distance, v, of a convex lens of focal length, f,. The apparatus is
set up as shown in Diagram 1.1

screen
skrin
Object
Objek

Sharpimage
Imejtajam

Convexlens
Kantacembung
Metrerule
Pembarismeter

Lightbulb
mentol

v
u
DIAGRAM 1.1
At first, an object is placed at an object distance, u = 20.0 cm. The bulb lights up. The
screen is adjusted until a sharp image is formed.
The step is repeated using u = 25.0 cm, 30.0 cm, 35.0 cm and 40.0 cm. The image
distance, v is determined by reading directly from the metre rule as shown in Diagram
1.2.
screen
skrin

Convexlens
Kantacembung

0 cm1

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

Diagram 1.2

Image distance, v for different object distance, u is shown in the Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5
1.6 and 1.7.

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

screen
skrin

Convexlens
Kantacembung

0 cm1

10

11

57

58

59

60

62

63

64

65

66

Objectdistance,u=20.0cm

Imagedistance,v=..
Diagram1.3

0 cm1

Convexlens
Kantacembung

Objectdistance,u=25.0cm

10

11

34

35

36

37

38

40

41

42

43

21

Imagedistance,v=..
Diagram1.4
screen
skrin

Convexlens
Kantacembung

0 cm1

Objectdistance,u=30.0cm

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

Imagedistance,v=..
Diagram1.5
screen
skrin

21

21

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

Convexlens
Kantacembung

0 cm1

Objectdistance,u=35.0cm

24

25

26

27

28

29

31

32

19

20

21

Imagedistance,v=..
Diagram1.6

Convexlens
Kantacembung

screen
skrin

0 cm1

Objectdistance,u=40.0cm
(a)

30

19 20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

18

19

20

21

Imagedistance,v=..
Diagram1.7

For the experiment described above, identify:


(i) the manipulated variable

[1 mark]
(ii) the responding variable

[1 mark]
(iii) a constant variable

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

[1 mark]
(b)

Based on the methods shown in Diagram 1.2, determine the image distance, v, in
Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6 and 1.7.
1
1
Tabulate your results for u, v,
and
in the space below.
[7
u
v
marks]

(c)

On the graph paper, plot a graph of

1
1
against .
v
u

[5

marks]
(d)

Based on your graph, state the relationship between

1
1
and
.
v
u

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

[1 mark]
[1 mark]
ELECTRICITY
QUESTION 10
TRIAL SBP 2007
1 A student carries out an experiment to study the relationship between the length of a
conductor, , with the resistance, R. The circuit is connected as shown in Diagram 1.1.
Seorang murid menjalankan eksperimen untuk mengkaji hubungan antara panjang
suatu
konduktor, , dengan rintangan , R . Sambungan litar .ditunjukkan pada Rajah 1.1

DIAGRAM 1.1
The length of the constantan wire between P and Q is adjusted so that its length,
= 20.0 cm. The switch is on and the rheostat is adjusted until the current, I, flowing in
the circuit is 0.2 A. The potential difference, V, across the wire is recorded.

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

The procedure is repeated by varying the values of to be 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm
and 60.0 cm. For each length of wire used, the rheostat is adjusted so that the current is
at a constant value of 0.2 A. The corresponding readings of the voltmeter are shown in
Diagram 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.

Diagram 1.3
= 30.0 cm

Diagram 1.2
= 20.0 cm

Diagram 1.5
= 50.0 cm

Diagram 1.4
= 40.0 cm

Diagram 1.6
= 60.0 cm
(a)

Based on the aim and the procedure of the experiment state the:
(i)
The manipulated variable

[1 mark]

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

(ii)

The responding variable

[1 mark]
(iii)
The constant variable

[1 mark]
(b)

Record the reading of the voltmeter, V in Diagram 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6
when different length of wires, are used. In each case, calculate the
resistance, R of the wire where:
V
R
I
Tabulate your results for , V, I and R in the space below.
[6 marks]

(c)

On the graph paper on page 6, plot a graph of R against .


[5 marks]

(d)

Based on your graph, state the relationship between R and .

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

[1 mark]
(e)

State one precaution that should be taken to obtain the accurate readings of V.

[1 mark]
QUESTION 11
KEDAH TRIAL 2007
1
A student carries out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the
resistance, R, of
a wire and the length, L, of the wire.
Diagram 1.1 shows the circuit used in the experiment.

A
V

Slidingcontact/Sesentuh
gelongsor
Wire/Dawai
DIAGRAM 1.1

The position of the sliding contact is adjusted until the length of the wire in the circuit is,
L = 20.0 cm. The rheostat is adjusted to obtain a suitable current. The current, I and the
potential difference, V across the wire are measured by an ammeter and voltmeter
respectively. Diagram 1.2 shows the readings of the ammeter and voltmeter.
The procedure is repeated for lengths of the wire, L = 30.0 cm, 40.0 cm, 50.0 cm and
60.0 cm. The corresponding readings of the ammeter and voltmeterVare shown in
Diagrams 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6.

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

L = 20.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.2

V
A

L = 30.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.3

V
A

L = 40.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.4

V
A

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

10

L = 50.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.5

V
A

(a)

L = 60.0 cm
DIAGRAM 1.6
Based on the aim and the procedure of the experiment state the:
(i)
The manipulated variable

[1 mark]
(ii)
The responding variable

[1 mark]
(iii)
The constant variable

[1 mark]
(b)

What is the use of the strip of mirror next to the scale of the voltmeter?

[1 mark]
(c) Based on Diagrams 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.6 on pages 4 and 5, determine the
current, I and
potential difference, V for the corresponding lengths of wire, L.
For each value of L, calculate the resistance, R of the wire.
V
The resistance, R, is calculated using the formula, R
I
Tabulate your results for L, I, V and R in the space below.
[5 marks]

Paper 3 Physics Module (By Mrs Nik Sri Rahayu, SMSHS)

(d)
marks]
(e)

On a graph paper, plot a graph of R against L.

11

[5

Based on your graph, state the relationship between R and L.

[1 mark]
(f) State one precaution that should be taken to obtain accurate readings of V.

[1 mark]