0 ratings0% found this document useful (0 votes)

7K views25 pagesA test that aims to help evaluate whether students should take the new SAT, the current SAT or the ACT.

The Gary Gruber SAT test: Which one is best for you?

© © All Rights Reserved

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

A test that aims to help evaluate whether students should take the new SAT, the current SAT or the ACT.

© All Rights Reserved

0 ratings0% found this document useful (0 votes)

7K views25 pagesThe Gary Gruber SAT test: Which one is best for you?

A test that aims to help evaluate whether students should take the new SAT, the current SAT or the ACT.

© All Rights Reserved

You are on page 1of 25

This is a 30 question test that should take 32 minutes -- developed by Gary Gruber, an

expert on standardized testing and the SAT (www.drgarygruber.com and

www.unigo.com/Gruber).

Your performance on these tests will help determine which exam will be better for you,

the new SAT, ACT or current SAT. You also will get an approximate new SAT score and

an approximate current SAT score you can expect to receive in addition to strategies you

will need for each question and methods for increasing your score.

Here is the Test:

Reading Test -- 8 minutes

Classical music is termed classical because it can be heard over and over again without

the listener tiring of the music. A symphony of Brahms can be heard and heard again

with the same or even heightened enjoyment a few months later. It is unfortunate that the

sales of classical music are dismal compared to other types of music. Perhaps this is

because many people in our generation were not exposed to classical music at an early

age and therefore did not get to know the music.

In contrast to classical music, contemporary non-classical music has a high impact on the

listener but unfortunately is not evergreen. Its enjoyment lasts only as long as there is

current interest in the topic or emotion that the music portrays, and that only lasts for

three months or so until other music replaces it, especially when another bestselling song

comes out. The reason why the impact of this type of music is not as great when it first

comes out is thought to be because technically the intricacy of the music is not high and

not sophisticated, although many critics believe it is because the music elicits a particular

emotional feeling that gradually becomes worn out in time.

1. According to the passage, it can be assumed that the majority of younger people do not

like classical music because they:

A. buy only the bestselling songs

B. do not have the sophistication of a true music lover

C. grow tired of classical music

D. did not hear that type of music in their youth

2. The reason the enjoyment of a particular piece of contemporary music may not last as

long as a piece of classical music is the

B. high sophistication of the classical music and its technical intricacy

C. fact that there is always another piece of contemporary music that replaces the

one before it

D. economy and marketing of the songs

3. Which choice provides the best evidence for the answer to the previous question?

A.

B.

C.

D.

Lines (Paragraph 2): In contrastevergreen

Lines (Paragraph 2): The reasonhigh

Lines (Paragraph 2): becausetime

music per day in a metropolitan area.

A. the listeners of classical music and non-classical music was steadily declining

B. the gap between the listeners of classical music and non-classical music steadily

increased through the years 1950-2015

C. the number of listeners of classical music was at some time as large as the

listeners of non-classical music

D. it can be assumed that the number of classical music listeners will exceed the

number of listeners of non-classical music at some point in time

5. The term "evergreen" at the beginning of the second paragraph most nearly means

A.

B.

C.

D.

colorful

lasting

current

encompassing

Fill in the blank(s) with the appropriate choice:

6. The instructor displayed extreme stubbornness; although he....the logic of the students

argument, he....to acknowledge her conclusion as correct.

(A) accepted...refused

(B) concluded...consented

(C) denounced....declined

(D) asserted....acceded

(E) rejected....preferred

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------7. In spite of the ....of her presentation, many people were.... with the speakers concepts

and ideas.

(A) interest....enthralled

(B) power...taken

(C) intensity...shocked

(D)greatness...gratified

(E) strength...bored

The symbol in parenthesis, like (1), indicates that question, like question 1 references that

portion of the passage.

About the Sea:

(1) Sometimes the meaning of glowing water is ominous. (2) On the Pacific Coast of

North America, it may mean that the sea is filled with a minute plant that contains a

poison of strange and terrible virulence (3) about four days after this minute plant comes

to dominate the coastal plankton, some of the fishes and shellfish in the vicinity become

toxic. (4) This is because in (5) their normal feeding, they have strained the poisonous

plankton out of the water.

1. Which sentence could appear as the sentence preceding the first sentence of this

passage?

B. The Pacific Coastline is frightening.

C. Ships sometimes take Southern routes to avoid bad weather conditions.

D. There are strange plants in the sea.

2.

A.

B.

C.

D.

NO CHANGE

Off

Apart from

Not from

A.

B.

C.

D.

NO CHANGE

. About four days

; about four days

, about four days

3.

4. At this point the author is considering adding the following true statement right before

the last sentence: "The fishes and shellfish die soon after." Should the author make this

addition here?

A. No, because this destroys the connection between the last sentence and the initial

preceding one.

B. No, because there is too much of a leap from "toxicity" to "death."

C. Yes, because it follows that if fish are toxic they will soon die.

D. Yes, because this qualifies the last sentence and puts it in its right place.

5.

A.

B.

C.

D.

NO CHANGE

theyre

its

its

Identifying Sentence Errors

Which part (A,B,C,or D) in the sentence is incorrect? Choose E if there is no error.

6. If any signer of the Constitution (A) was to return to life (B) for a day, his opinion (C)

of our amendments (D) would be interesting. (E) No error

7. (A) After we were waiting in line (B) for three hours, (C) much to our disgust, the

tickets had been sold out (D) when we reached the window. (E) No error.

[or if can be drawn, use]:

6. If any signer of the Constitution was to return to life for a day, his opinion

A

B

of our amendments would be interesting. No error.

C

D

E

7.

After we were waiting in line for three hours, much to our disgust, the tickets had

A

B

C

been sold out when we reached the window. No error.

D

E

Improving Sentences:

Which choice correctly replaces the sentence?

8. He never has and never will keep his word.

(A)He never has and never will keep his word.

(B) He has never yet and never will keep his word.

(C) He has not ever and will not keep his word.

(D) He never has or will keep his word.

(E) He never has kept and he never will keep his word.

9. In spite of Marco wanting to study, his sister made him wash the dishes.

(A) In spite of Marco wanting to study, his sister made him wash the dishes.

(B) In spite of the fact that Marco wanted to study, his sister made him wash the

dishes.

(C) In spite of Marcos need to study, his sister made him wash the dishes.

(D) In spite of Marcos wanting to study, his sister made him wash the dishes.

(E) In spite of Marco studying, his sister made him wash the dishes.

Questions 1-3 Calculator allowed

1. In a college biology class, 60 students are chosen to study

microorganisms. The study groups have been divided into 18 sections where each section

will have 3 or 6 students. How many of the sections will have exactly 3 students?

A. 2

B. 4

C.12

D.16

2. If -5/4 <-2p+3 < -1, what is one possible value of 6p-9?

Or

2. If -5/4 <-2p+3 < -1, what is one possible value of 6p-9?

A. 2

B. 2

C. 3

D. 3

3. 180 tennis players are competing in a tournament. The tennis players are separated

into three levels of ability: A (high), B (middle), and C (low), with the number of players

in each category shown in the table below.

Level

# of Players

A

30

B

60

C

90

The tennis committee has 54 prizes and will award them proportionately to the number of

players at each level. How many prizes will be awarded to players in level A?

A.

B.

C.

D.

6

7

8

9

4. If x-4 is a factor of x2 ax + a, what is the value of a if a is a constant?

A.

B.

C.

D.

16/3

8/3

-8/3

-16/3

5.

In triangle AEF, AE = AF and EF = 24. EBD and DCF = 90O. The ratio of BD to CD

is 4:6. What is the length of ED?

A.

B.

C.

D.

48/5

44/5

42/5

8

A.

B.

C.

D.

7/40

9/50

37/200

19/100

7. Mr. Martinezs tenth-grade class took a survey to see what activities each student

engages in one hour before bed. When the survey was complete, 5 students selected

Play video games and Watch TV. 14 students selected Watch TV, and 8 students

selected Play video games. How many students are in Mr. Martinezs class? (Assume

that every student in the class watches TV only, plays video games only, or does both.)

A.

B.

C.

D.

11

17

22

25

8. A band wants to produce CDs from their music. They have an original CD but need

to duplicate the CD to sell to the public. The band buys a CD burning machine for

$169.99. Each blank CD they use will cost $1.50. What is the total production cost for

making x CDs from their original CD?

A.

B.

C.

D.

$168.49

$169.99 + $1.50x

$169.99x + $1.50

$171.49

9. In the following figure, adjacent sides meet at right angles. What is the perimeter of

the figure?

A.

B.

C.

D.

35 m

70 m

140 m

160 m

10. A ladder is set up against the wall as shown below. The bottom of the ladder is 6 feet

from the wall. Which is true of the angle the ladder makes with the ground if the ladder is

10 feet in length?

A.

B.

C.

D.

sin xO = 4/5

cos xO = 4/5

cot xO = 4/3

tan xO = 3/4

11. Sarah is twice as old as John. Six years ago Sarah was four times as old as John was

then. In years, how old is John now?

(A) 3 (B) 9 (C) 18 (D) 20 (E) Cannot be determined

In questions 12 and 13, you must find an answer without referring to choices:

12. If x + y = 7 and xy = 4, then find the value of x2 + y2 [Editorial note: if you cannot

draw exponents, you can write x2 + y2 as x squared plus y squared]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------13. If y + 2q = 15, q + 2p = 5 and p + 2y = 7, then find the value of p + q + y.

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

14 . A four-sided figure ABCD contains interior right angle C. AB equals 12, BC equals

3, CD equals 4 and AD equals 13. What is the area of the figure ABCD?

3

C

12

13

A

Note: Figure not drawn to scale.

[Editorial note: If it is too difficult to draw figure, actual figure need not be drawn]

(A) 36 (B) 108 (C)156 (D) 1,872 (E) It cannot be determined

How did you score on this test?

CN means question is related to Current SAT or New SAT-total of 11 questions of CN

type

N means question is related only to New SAT- total 9 questions of N type

C means question is related only to Current SAT-total of 10 questions of C type

If you get more questions of the C type right than the N type right, you should take the

Current SAT-if you get more questions of the N type right than the C type , you should

take the New SAT. Either way if you learn the strategies for each you should do well on

both tests.

Correct

Answers

Reading

1. D -CN

2. A -CN

3. D -N

4. B -N

5. B -CN

6.A

-C

7.E

-C

Score Increase if you learn strategies shown in answers for either test

50

50

50

40

40

70

80

Note:

(1) Questions 3,4 are applicable only to the New SAT/ACT.

(2) Questions 6,7 are applicable only to the Current SAT.

(3) Questions 1,2,5 are applicable to both the Current and New SAT/ACT.

If you got most of the questions in (1) right and most of the questions in (2) wrong, you should

take the New SAT/ACT. If you got most of the questions in (2) right and most of the questions in

(1) wrong, you should take the Current SAT.

1. A -CN

2. B -N

3. B -N

4. A -CN

5. A -N

6. A -C

7. C -C

8. E -C

9. D -C

30

30

30

40

30

50

60

60

40

Note:

(1) Questions 2,3,5 are applicable only to the New SAT/ACT.

(2) Questions 6,7,8,9 are applicable only to the Current SAT.

(3) Questions 1,4 are applicable to both the Current and New SAT/ACT.

If you got most of the questions in (1) right and most of the questions in (2) wrong, you should

take the New SAT/ACT. If you got most of the questions in (2) right and most of the questions in

(1) wrong, you should take the Current SAT.

Math

1. D -N

60,30

2. Anything less than 15/4 or greater than +3 -CN 30

2. D for Alternate Question 2 -CN

30

3. D -N

70

4. A -CN

60,20

5. A -CN

60,50

6. C -CN

70,30

7. B -CN

20

8. B -N

60

9. B -CN

50

10.A -N

70

11.B -C

80

12. 41 -C

50

13. 9 -C

40

14. A C

50

Note:

(1) Questions 1,3,8,10 are applicable only to the New SAT/ACT.

(2) Questions 11,12,13,14 are applicable only to the Current SAT.

(3) Questions 2,4,5,6,7,9 are applicable to both the Current and New SAT/ACT.

If you got most of the questions in (1) right and most of the questions in (2) wrong, you should

take the New SAT/ACT. If you got most of the questions in (2) right and most of the questions in

(1) wrong, you should take the Current SAT.

Heres the table to calculate your score and thus your approximate actual NEW SAT

score.

Reading and Writing (Reading Questions 1-5; Writing- Questions 1-5)

Questions

New SAT Score

Right

10. 800

9 . 780

8 . 700

7. 630

6. 540

5. 500

4. 430

3. 320

2. 250

1. 210

Math (Questions 1-10)

Questions New SAT Score

Right

10.800

9 .780

8 . 700

7. 650

6. 550

5. 500

4. 450

3. 350

2. 250

1. 220

Reading Test Answers

1. Choice D is correct. See lines where it states that many people in our generation

were not exposed to classical music. Dont be lured into the distractor Choice A,

even though there was mention of sales.

Details,Inference or Tone/Mood. Strategy 2: Underline Key Parts of Passage.

2. Choice A is correct. See lines where it mentions that the emotional feeling

gradually wears out in time.

Strategy1: Determine the Type of Question: Main Idea, Detecting

Details,Inference or Tone/Mood. Strategy 2: Underline Key Parts of Passage.

3. Choice D is correct. The phrase, although many critics believe it is because the

music elicits a particular emotional feeling that gradually becomes worn out in

time.

Strategy1: Determine the Type of Question: Main Idea, Detecting

Details,Inference or Tone/Mood. Strategy 2: Underline Key Parts of Passage.

4. Choice B is correct. You can see that the difference (gap) between the number of

classical music lovers and non-classical music lovers gets greater as time goes on.

Choice A is incorrect: The listeners of non-classical music was not steadily

declining. Choice C is incorrect: The number of listeners of classical music was

always less than the listeners of non-classical music. Choice D is incorrect: It

seems that the number of classical music lovers is diminishing in time while the

number of non-classical music lovers is increasing or remaining steady.

Strategy: Determine the Type of Question: Main Idea, Detecting

Details,Inference or Tone/Mood. Strategy.

5. Choice B is correct. Since the next sentence after the word evergreen qualifies

that enjoyment lasts only for a short time, lasting would be an appropriate

definition of evergreen in this context. Be careful of the distractor choice

colorful.

Strategy: Get meanings of words using context method.

6. Choice A is correct. Use SENTENCE COMPLETION STRATEGY : Watch for

KEY words--words that signal contrast, support or opposition.--Although signals

contrast--the blanks should be opposites.

7. Choice E is correct. Use SENTENCE COMPLETION STRATEGY : Watch for

KEY words--words that signal contrast, support or opposition."In spite of" shows an

"opposite" situation. Look for opposites in the choices.

Choice B is incorrect. We are discussing the sea, not the Pacific Coastline. Choice

C is incorrect. There is no direct connection between this sentence and the first

sentence in the passage. Choice D is incorrect. Plants are discussed later in the

passage, so the first sentence about plants would not be appropriate here.

Strategy: Know how to connect sentences in a passage.

2. Choice B is correct. We are talking about something away from, or off,

something on the Coastwe are talking about something in the water off

the coast. Choice C is incorrect. We are not contrasting the coast and the

sea, so we do not use the word apart. Choice D is incorrect. Not from

does not make sense here, since we eventually talk about the sea.

Strategy: Know how to use appropriate words to describe something.

3. Choice B is correct. We need a new sentence here, because something new

part is not directly linked to the preceding parta new idea is discussed.

Choice C is incorrect. The semicolon is not appropriate since a new idea is

discussed here. Choice D is incorrect. The comma would create a run-on

sentence.

Strategy: Know how to use punctuation to link parts of the passage.

4. Choice A is correct. We need to maintain a connection herewhen it says

the fish become toxic, we need another sentence immediately following this

one explaining why they become toxic. Choice B is incorrect. There is not

too much of a leap from toxicity to death. Choice C is incorrect. This

may be so, but inserting the sentence would destroy a connection, as

described before. Choice D is incorrect. This is not true since a connection

would be destroyed between the last sentence and the one preceding

initially.

Strategy: Know when and how to make connections by using another sentence.

5. Choice A is correct. Since we mean more than one, we use their. Choice B

is incorrect. Theyre means they are, which does not make sense. Choice

C is incorrect. Since we are referring to more than one, we do not use its.

Choice D is incorrect. Its means It is, which does not make sense.

Strategy: Know what to use when we are talking about quantity.

WRITING

6. A. If any signer of the Constitution were to return to life The verb in the if

clause of a present contrary-to-fact conditional statement must have a past subjunctive

form(were).

7. C. Avoid squinting constructions-that is, modifiers that are so placed that the reader

cannot tell whether they are modifying the words immediately preceding the construction

or the words immediately following the construction. The correct sentence would read,

After we were waiting in line for three hours, the tickets had, much to our disgust, been

sold out when we reached the window.

That is, as the sentence initially reads, we dont know whether much to our disgust

modifies After we were waiting in line for three hours or modifies the tickets had been

sold out when we reached the window.

8. E. Avoid improper ellipses. Choices A,B,C,and D are incorrect for this reason. The

word kept must be included since the second part of the sentence uses another form of

the verb (keep).

9. D. Choice A is incorrect because the possessive form of the noun (Marco) must be

used to modify the gerund (wanting). Choice B is too wordy. Choice C changes the

meaning of the original sentence. Choice E is incorrect for the same reason that Choice A

is incorrect. Also Choice E changes the meaning of the original sentence.

1. Choice D is correct.

Strategy: Translate words into math.

Let the number of sections with 3 students be denoted as x and the number of sections

with 6 students denoted as y.

Then (1) 3x + 6y = 60 (the total number of students)

And (2) x + y = 18 (the number of sections)

Now use a strategy of simplifying the equations.

Simplify equation (1) by dividing both sides by 3:

(1) becomes: x + 2y = 20.

But we have (2): x + y = 18.

Now use a strategy of subtracting equations (2) from (1):

We get y = 2.

Now substitute y = 2 into equation (2) and we get x = 16.

2. Anything less than 15/4 or greater than +3.

Look at (1) -5/4 < -2p +3

Use the strategy of representing 6p 9 in a form you already have:

(-2p + 3) (-3) = 6p -9

You need to use the basic skill: You reverse the inequality when you multiply by a

negative number.

So (-5/4)(-3) > (-2p + 3) (-3)

or

15/4 > 6p -9

Now look at the given -2p + 3 < - 1

Multiply this by (-3):

You again have to reverse the inequality sign and get:

(-2p +3)(-3) > (-3)(-1)

or

6p 9 > 3

So the value of 6p 9 is such that

15/4 > 6p -9 > 3

or if we use second version:

2. Choice D is correct.

Anything less than 15/4 or greater than +3.

Look at (1) -5/4 < -2p +3

Use the strategy of representing 6p 9 in a form you already have:

(-2p + 3) (-3) = 6p -9

So multiply inequality (1) by (-3).

You need to use the basic skill: You reverse the inequality when you multiply by a

negative number.

So (-5/4)(-3) > (-2p + 3) (-3)

or

15/4 > 6p -9

Now look at the given -2p + 3 < - 1

Multiply this by (-3):

You again have to reverse the inequality sign and get:

(-2p +3)(-3) > (-3)(-1)

or

6p 9 > 3

So the value of 6p 9 is such that

15/4 > 6p - 9 > 3

or 3 > 6p 9 >3

Thus one value of 6p 9 can be 3 .

3. Choice D is correct.

Strategy: Use given information effectively.

The phrase proportionatelyin each category means that

number of tennis players in Category A =

total number of tennis players

number of prizes awarded in Category A

total number of prizes

So, where x is the number of prizes awarded in Category A:

30 = x

180 54

1= x

6 54

x = 54 = 9

6

4. Choice A is correct.

Strategy: Translate words to math.

(x - 4) is a factor of x2 ax +a means that there is another factor

(x + b) of x2 ax + a such that (x 4)(x + b) = x2 ax + a.

Now use the strategy of writing (x 4)(x + b) in another form to get more information.

Multiply out:

(x 4)(x + b) = x2 4x + bx 4b which is equal to x2 ax + a.

From this we get:

-4x + bx 4b = -ax + a

(1) -4b = a

But if -4b = a, then

-4x + bx = -ax for all x and if x = 1, then

(2) -4 + b = -a

or

(3) b = -a + 4

Substituting b in (3) into b in (1), we get:

(4) -4(-a + 4) = a or 4a 16 = a and get 3a = 16, a = 16/3

5. Choice A is correct.

Strategy: Translate words into math.

The ratio of BD to CD is 4:6 means BD = 4x and CD = 6x. Since the triangle is isosceles,

that is, AE = AF, thenE = F.

Also since EBD = DCF = 90, triangles BED and CDF are similar so corresponding

sides are in proportion.

Now use strategy of labeling sides.

Call ED = y. Then DF = 24 - y since EF = 24.

So since sides are in proportion, BD/CD = 4x/6x =

ED/DF= y/(24 y)

4/6 = y/(24-y)

Cross multiply: (24 y)4 = 6y

96 4y = 6y

96 = 10y

96/10 = y

48/5 = y

6. Choice C is correct.

Strategy: First get all variables on one side of the equation.

(1) 8x 2y = 6y +14 becomes

(1) 8x 8y = 14

Now divide Equation (1) by 8 to make it simpler:

Also divide the second equation by 4 to make it simpler:

(2) 4x + 16y = 9 becomes

(2) x + 4y = 9/4

Now use the strategy of subtracting equations.

Subtract Equation (1) from Equation (2):

x + 4y = 9/4

(x y = 7/4)

x x + 4y + y = 9/4 7/4

We get: 5y = 9/4 7/4 = 2/4 = 1/2

y = 1/10

Now substitute y = 1/10 into Equation (1):

x = 1/10 = 7/4

x = 7/4 +1/10 = 74/40 = 37/20

Thus, xy = 37/20 X 1/10 = 37/200

7. Choice B is correct.

Draw two intersecting circles.

Above, subtracting: all students who watch TV (14) students who watch TV and also

play video games (5), we get 9.

Above, subtracting: all students who play video games (8) students who watch TV and

also play video games (5), we get 3.

So the total number of students is 9 + 5 + 3 = 17.

8. Choice B is correct.

Strategy: Translate words into mathematical expressions.

The total cost of production equals the cost of the machine ($169.99) plus the cost of the

CDs: (cost of 1 CD) X (number of CDs produced). Since we know that 1 CD costs $1.50

and were producing x CDs, the total cost is:

$169.99 + $1.50x

9. Choice B is correct.

Use Strategy: Label sides.

Label the sides of the figure, adding variables where no number is given. You can see

that for the vertical sides of the figure:

a + 6m + b = 20m

While for the horizontal sides:

c + d + e = 15m

b + e + 6m + d + a + c + 20m +15m

= (a + 6m + b) + (c + d + e) + 20m + 15m

= (20m) + (15m) + 20m + 15m = 70m

Use strategy: Use given information effectively.

First, find the height of the ladder on the wall. Remember a 3-4-5 right triangle. There is

also a 6-8-10 right triangle. So the height is 8 feet.

sin xO = opposite/hypotenuse = 8/10 = 4/5

Note:

Choice B: cos xO = 6/10 = 3/5

Choice C: cot xO = 6/8 = 3/4

Choice D: tan xO = 8/6 = 4/3

11. Choice B is correct. Use STRATEGY : You won't rack your brains if you know how

to translate from words to math. Translate is to equals, Sarah to S, John to J, Six years

ago to minus 6, four times as old as John was then to "4 times the quantity (J minus 6)".

12. Answer:41. Use STRATEGY: Remember and Use Classic Forms, like "x squared

plus 2 times x times y plus y squared is equal to the square of the quantity x plus y". Try

to relate the form of "x squared plus y squared" to the equations given-- you can do this

by using the "Classic Forms," above. Square both sides of the equation x + y = 7, then

use the fact that xy = 4.

13. Answer:9. STRATEGY: When you have two or more equations, it is sometimes

easier to just add them to get a result. Add equations, then divide by 3.

14. Choice A is correct. Use STRATEGY : Draw Lines: The best way to do the

problem is to draw or extend lines to get more information. Draw BD, then find length

BD. BD = 5 because triangle BCD is a 3-4-5 right triangle. Now triangle BDA is also a

right triangle because a 5-12-13 triangle is a right triangle. We can then find the area of

triangle BCD to be 3 X 4/2 = 6 and the area of triangle BDA to be 5 X 12 /2 = 30. So the

sum of these areas is the area of the figure ABCD. 36 is the answer.

You won't rack your brains if you know how to translate from words to math.

STRATEGY: Translate words to math: Translate Sarah to S, John to J, is to =, Six

years ago to - 6, four times as old as John was then to 4 (J - 6). Then Sarah is twice as

old as John translates to

(1) S = 2J. And Six years ago, Sarah was 4 times as old as John was then translates to

(2) S 6 = 4(J- 6) , the reason for J- 6 because John was J 6, six years ago.

Substituting S = 2J in Equation 1, in Equation 2, we get

2J 6 = 4(J - 6).

Then we get:

2J - 6 = 4J 24. And then:

- 6 + 24 = 4J 2J = 2J. So

2J = 18 and J = 9.

I hope that you didnt try to solve for both x and y. You are not asked to do thatyou are

asked to find the value of x2 + y2 so try to manipulate the equations to get that quantity.

Use STRATEGY: Remember and Use Classic Forms, like

(x + y)2 = x2 + 2xy + y2.

We have (1) (x + y)2 = x2 + 2xy + y2 = 7 X 7 = 49 and since

xy = 4, we get

2xy = 8.

Substituting 2xy = 8 in Equation (1), we get

(x + y)2 = x2 + 2xy + y2 = x2 + 8 + y2 = 49. Subtracting 8 from both sides of the last

equation, we get,

x2 + y2 = 41.

I hope you didnt go through the tedium of substitution and solving for q, p, and y. You

are not asked for the values of each of the variables. Use STRATEGY : When dealing

with equations, you can add, subtract, multiply, or divide.

When you have two or more equations, it is sometimes easier to just add or subtract them

to get a result. Add equations, then divide by 3.

y + 2q = 15

q + 2p = 5

__+_ p + 2y = 7___

3q + 3p + 3y = 27

Factor 3: 3(q + p + y) =27; q + p + y = 9.

Use STRATEGY : Draw Lines: The best way to do the problem is to draw or extend

lines to get more information. Draw BD, then find length BD. BD = 5 because triangle

BCD is a 3-4-5 right triangle. Now triangle BDA is also a right triangle because a 5-1213 triangle is a right triangle. We can then find the area of triangle BCD to be 3 X 4/2 = 6

and the area of triangle BDA to be 5 X 12 /2 = 30. So the sum of these areas is the area of

the figure ABCD. 36 is the answer.

Note that the complete set of strategies can be found in Dr. Grubers books.

- SamplesSamplesPranay Kumar
- SamplesSamplesIp Arora
- dethihsg247.com-tuyen-tap-cac-de-thi-hoc-sinh-gioi-mon-tieng-anh-lop-7-kem-dap-an-rxnvomdethihsg247.com-tuyen-tap-cac-de-thi-hoc-sinh-gioi-mon-tieng-anh-lop-7-kem-dap-an-rxnvomNinh Nguyễn
- TISS-Sample-Paper-2TISS-Sample-Paper-2Sonali Kapoor
- De Thi Hoc Sinh Gioi Lop 9 Thcs Tinh Quang Binh Nam Hoc 2012 2013 Mon Tieng AnhDe Thi Hoc Sinh Gioi Lop 9 Thcs Tinh Quang Binh Nam Hoc 2012 2013 Mon Tieng AnhNguyệt Ɲɠa
- EngEngTuấn Trần
- Sample TestSample TestNsrk Krishna
- CED IBA SBICED IBA SBIbasit_fastian
- English-Model-Paper-Part-A.pdfEnglish-Model-Paper-Part-A.pdfDustin Powell
- E-PRE-MID JUNIORS 3 wordE-PRE-MID JUNIORS 3 wordMaxi Yañez
- grade 8 ssgrade 8 ssinessa
- Air University Entry Test Sample PapersAir University Entry Test Sample PapersShawn Parker
- pdf 36pdf 36Ibrar Ahmed Wazir
- New Microsoft Office Word DocumentNew Microsoft Office Word DocumentOana M. Mitria
- Verbal Intelligence Test - 6.docVerbal Intelligence Test - 6.docImran Mustafa
- Esl Sample QuestionsEsl Sample QuestionsJelena Jašović
- Test Pronomes RelativosTest Pronomes Relativosldslima
- english exerciceenglish exerciceMinh Shon Tr
- [123doc] - de-kiem-tra-so-4-hoc-ky-2-mon-tieng-anh-lop-6-thi-diem-truong-thcs-huynh-thuc-khang-nam-hoc-2015-2016[123doc] - de-kiem-tra-so-4-hoc-ky-2-mon-tieng-anh-lop-6-thi-diem-truong-thcs-huynh-thuc-khang-nam-hoc-2015-2016Long Phạm
- NUST Entry Test 2013 Sample PaperNUST Entry Test 2013 Sample PaperShawn Parker
- Accenture PaperAccenture PaperLokesh Shinde
- CAMPUS PLACEMENT __ MOCK TEST 9 __ 12 APRIL 2022 (Preview) Microsoft Forms (1)CAMPUS PLACEMENT __ MOCK TEST 9 __ 12 APRIL 2022 (Preview) Microsoft Forms (1)Prabhat Yadav
- Đề 2Đề 2Nguyễn Hoàng Lan Hương
- Đề T.AnhĐề T.AnhMai Phạm
- Final Level 3 ALCFinal Level 3 ALCmay arnaout
- Short Reading Texts Comprehension 1Short Reading Texts Comprehension 1Yanela Nicosiano
- Sample Paper (BE and comSample Paper (BE and comyampire
- Lecture 2Lecture 2Anima Anwar
- Key-Lam Sơn 19-20 (15)Key-Lam Sơn 19-20 (15)Minh Châu Vương
- Dha Suffa University Sample UniversityDha Suffa University Sample UniversityWasim Jamali
- 2014_09_lyp_Science_072014_09_lyp_Science_07vidhan tiwari
- 1BGU EXAM Q.Q21BGU EXAM Q.Q2Jordan Rubio
- RGSOIPL IIT Kharagpur LLB ENTRANCE EXAM SAMPLE PAPERRGSOIPL IIT Kharagpur LLB ENTRANCE EXAM SAMPLE PAPERShriyash Shingare
- bo-de-thi-hoc-ky-2-mon-tieng-anh-lop-6-co-dap-an-7bo-de-thi-hoc-ky-2-mon-tieng-anh-lop-6-co-dap-an-7Lê Ngọc Anh
- 40 de Thi Hoc Ky 2 Mon Tieng Anh Lop 6 Co Dap an OK 15 De40 de Thi Hoc Ky 2 Mon Tieng Anh Lop 6 Co Dap an OK 15 DeĐông Phương Bất Bại
- Practice Test Sample PagesPractice Test Sample PagesAlex Flores
- Sample PaperSample PaperRoohullah Mohmand
- Guideline Islamabad (Fall 2014)Guideline Islamabad (Fall 2014)اختر بلوچ
- DE-CHUYEN-BINH-PHUOC-2016-2017DE-CHUYEN-BINH-PHUOC-2016-2017Vivian vic
- Cae Result Students' Book Keys - Unit 11Cae Result Students' Book Keys - Unit 11Alejandro Sosa De Greef
- NSTC_13_SamplePaper_2014-16_XI (2)NSTC_13_SamplePaper_2014-16_XI (2)Aqeel Ali
- Ned Sample Test PapersNed Sample Test PapersFariya Arif
- CtsCtsrad rum
- Mock Test Paper 2013(Answers)Mock Test Paper 2013(Answers)Varun Gupta
- Print…Print…Arjun Kohli
- GMAT Quantitative PracticeGMAT Quantitative PracticeNguyễn Văn Hoàng
- Cac de thi HKII tieng Anh lop 10Cac de thi HKII tieng Anh lop 10Ngọc Huyền
- Test 4Test 4Vicky Nguyen
- Listening TestListening Testarioli
- CTSCTSSujit Kumar
- APTITUDEAPTITUDEyaswanth
- Text Page 41-43Text Page 41-43Jatmika Herka Maya
- SAT Math Level 2 Subject Test Practice Problems 2013 EditionSAT Math Level 2 Subject Test Practice Problems 2013 EditionDr. David Kronmiller
- IB Music Revision Guide 2nd Edition: Everything you need to prepare for the Music Listening Examination (Standard and Higher Level 2016-2019)IB Music Revision Guide 2nd Edition: Everything you need to prepare for the Music Listening Examination (Standard and Higher Level 2016-2019)Roger Paul
- IB Music Revision Guide, 3rd Edition: Everything you need to prepare for the Music Listening Examination (Standard and Higher Level 20192021)IB Music Revision Guide, 3rd Edition: Everything you need to prepare for the Music Listening Examination (Standard and Higher Level 20192021)Roger Paul
- Bergen County Academies Entrance Practice Tests: Five Full-Length Math and English Essay Tests with Detailed Answer ExplanationsBergen County Academies Entrance Practice Tests: Five Full-Length Math and English Essay Tests with Detailed Answer ExplanationsAnthem Press
- ACT Math Section and SAT Math Level 2 Subject Test Practice Problems 2013 EditionACT Math Section and SAT Math Level 2 Subject Test Practice Problems 2013 EditionDr. David Kronmiller
- Practice Problems for the SAT ArithmeticPractice Problems for the SAT ArithmeticDeeptha Thattai
- Anatomy Examinations for the FRCR Part 1: A collection of mock examinations for the new FRCR anatomy moduleAnatomy Examinations for the FRCR Part 1: A collection of mock examinations for the new FRCR anatomy moduleSusan Shelmerdine
- Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (Fcat) 3Rd Grade Answer Key BookletFlorida Comprehensive Assessment Test (Fcat) 3Rd Grade Answer Key BookletNeal Finkelstein
- A Study of the Pre-Attack Behaviors of Active Shooters in the United States Between 2000 and 2013A Study of the Pre-Attack Behaviors of Active Shooters in the United States Between 2000 and 2013Josh White
- Hernandez ClosureHernandez ClosureJosh White
- U.S. Office of Government Ethics Report for Betsy DeVosU.S. Office of Government Ethics Report for Betsy DeVosJosh White
- 2016-12-05 Brief ISO Motion for JNOV (as Filed)2016-12-05 Brief ISO Motion for JNOV (as Filed)Josh White
- Jackie's deposition transcriptJackie's deposition transcriptJosh White
- Virginia Standards of Learning results for 2015-2016Virginia Standards of Learning results for 2015-2016Josh White
- No U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the MajorNo U.S. History? How College History Departments Leave the United States out of the MajorJosh White
- North County High School letterNorth County High School letterJosh White
- Justin Wolfe's statementJustin Wolfe's statementJosh White
- 529 Report529 ReportJosh White
- Montague Public StatementMontague Public StatementJosh White
- St. Catharine Findings LetterSt. Catharine Findings LetterJosh White
- Education Department response to St. CatharineEducation Department response to St. CatharineJosh White
- St. Catharine Court ComplaintSt. Catharine Court ComplaintJosh White
- Solid Footing ReportSolid Footing ReportJosh White
- Qatar contractQatar contractJosh White
- Texas attorney general's office rulingTexas attorney general's office rulingJosh White
- Letter from Trump's lawyers to judgeLetter from Trump's lawyers to judgeJosh White
- Letter from N.Y. attorney general regarding Trump U. caseLetter from N.Y. attorney general regarding Trump U. caseJosh White
- Bomb Incidents in Schools: An Analysis of 2015-2016 School YearBomb Incidents in Schools: An Analysis of 2015-2016 School YearJosh White
- Aug. 20, 2015 U-Va. memo to the U.S. Department of EducationAug. 20, 2015 U-Va. memo to the U.S. Department of EducationJosh White
- Aug. 31 letter from U.S. Department of Education to U-Va.Aug. 31 letter from U.S. Department of Education to U-Va.Josh White
- GunFreeUT Statement on UT President Announcement of Carry PoliciesGunFreeUT Statement on UT President Announcement of Carry PoliciesJosh White
- Newtown gun lawsuitNewtown gun lawsuitJosh White
- 2015 AP Cohort - Ten-year Change Rankings2015 AP Cohort - Ten-year Change RankingsJosh White
- 2015 AP Cohort - State Rankings2015 AP Cohort - State RankingsJosh White
- 2015 AP Cohort - One-year Change Rankings2015 AP Cohort - One-year Change RankingsJosh White
- Caramelization -- The Untold StoryCaramelization -- The Untold StoryJosh White
- Wootton Mexico TripWootton Mexico TripJosh White
- Wootton High School LetterWootton High School LetterJosh White
- Paganini Booklet NotesPaganini Booklet NotesLuigi Attademo
- teaching contractteaching contractapi-324735983
- CRIA vs IsoHunt - Consent Order for case #S103350CRIA vs IsoHunt - Consent Order for case #S103350Gary Fung
- Lead Guitar TechniquesLead Guitar Techniquesteofrasto2
- Vogel - North German Organ Building of Late 17th cVogel - North German Organ Building of Late 17th cBenjamin Molonfalean
- Countertenor VoiceCountertenor VoiceNathalia Parra Garza
- Lakme Marketing Mix StrategyLakme Marketing Mix StrategyJay Agrawal
- doramasdoramasKimberly Velasquez
- ABRSM - Music Theory in Practice Gr 3ABRSM - Music Theory in Practice Gr 3naving
- Joe Bonamassa Guitar Play-Along Volume 152Joe Bonamassa Guitar Play-Along Volume 152Thussard
- The Century Library of Music Vol 3The Century Library of Music Vol 3dzhrnsky
- The Art of Pianoforte Playing (by Ernst Pauer) (1877)The Art of Pianoforte Playing (by Ernst Pauer) (1877)Eric Noya
- Adams 2011Adams 2011raihan
- SYLVAIN GUINET - Montmartre - ParisSYLVAIN GUINET - Montmartre - ParisAntonio Arnaiz
- Franz WAXMAN: CIMARRONFranz WAXMAN: CIMARRONRoss Care
- TUSC Songbook 3.pdfTUSC Songbook 3.pdfc334austin
- Life MembershipLife Membershipdamodara
- Onkyo E900M Leaflet BlackOnkyo E900M Leaflet Blackmttw010
- Nitefly Players GuideNitefly Players Guidefdsa
- Songe_d_automne_releveSonge_d_automne_relevenjibhuvgy311082
- Vietnam Tet Insights 2018Vietnam Tet Insights 2018Vy Trương
- What is This Music? Auteur Music in the Films of Wes AndersonWhat is This Music? Auteur Music in the Films of Wes AndersonAzzad Diah Ahmad Zabidi
- BluestemLowMandoPlanFree.pdfBluestemLowMandoPlanFree.pdfRoberthe Nichan
- 1Fingerstyle1FingerstyleJoe Braccio
- Fine Musical Instruments | Skinner Auction 2688BFine Musical Instruments | Skinner Auction 2688BSkinnerAuctions
- Digital Booklet - Halcyon (Deluxe)Digital Booklet - Halcyon (Deluxe)Renan Lopes
- TJNONEWS2TJNONEWS2Lupe Saenz
- Digital transformation assessementDigital transformation assessementVlad Cardenas
- Proforma Invoice - Mr. JenaProforma Invoice - Mr. JenaLisa Gallegos
- Silent Lucidity Tab by QueensrycheSilent Lucidity Tab by QueensrycheRandal Flag