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CARP vs.

CARPER

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Land Reforms in the Philippines: Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program
Vs.
Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms

Bettina B. Manalo
BSBA-HRDM 2-5N
Prof. Melcah Pascua- Monsura

Polytechnic University of the Philippines

This research includes the history of CARP and CARPER and the coverage of the two. . recommendation to the government about these programs either is it right to program to distribute to land to the farmers? What is the effect or what are the accomplishments when CARP was extend and renamed as CARPER. Also. this paper includes my observations. Did the government accomplish the purpose of CARP and CARPER? All of these questions will be answered as we go through this research.CARP vs. CARPER 2 ABSTRACT This research is about the CARP (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program) and CARPER (Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms).

SPANISH ERA (1521-1896) à Repartiamentos for lands granted to the Spanish military as a reward for their service. Also. the landlord became powerful while the tenants became poorer and lost their rights. At the beginning of the 19th century. andà Encomienda a large tracts of land given to Spaniards (encomiendero) t o manage and have the right to receive tributes from the natives tilling it. Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms Pre-Colonial Times (Before 16th Century) The Maragtas Code tell us about the selling of Panay Island to the Bornean in exchange of slakot and gold necklace. The hacienda was developed and more people were forced to become a tiller. there was no record how this lease arrangement was practiced. Other one is. so the American put an end to the miserable conditions of the small farmers and tillers by passing several land policies. American Era (1898-1935) The Americans initiated to focus on lands reform because of realizing that being landless was the main cause of social unrest and revolt at that time. CARPER 3 Land Reforms in the Philippines: Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program vs. And although the code Luwaran was the old was the oldest written law of muslims. Japanese Era . the tenants were charged by an unfair taxation and usury.CARP vs. 7 Commonwealth Years (1935-1942) During this period the tenancy and land situation was. Natives within these areas became mere tillers and they did not even have any rights to the land. the economy was opened to the world market as exporter and importer of raw material and finished goods. the landowners became absentees and they left their farms idle so it became poorly managed.

CARPER 4 The significant events related to Agrarian reform during Japanese Era were. 1942. this is an anti-Japanese group. war was a golden opportunity but at the end of the war the landlords were able to retrieve their lands from the HUKBALAHAP. 1988. the HUKBALAHAP or “Hukbong Bayan Laban sa mga Hapon” on March 29.CARP vs. 6657. There are two departments in charges for this program and they are Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) and Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). The income of the DAR workers also increased. They took over the vast tracts of lands and gave it to th people. also known as Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). Land Reform under Estrada Administration (1998-2001) On his administration. RA No. (dar. Land Reform under Ramos Administration (1992-1998) During his administration. they Commission approves section 21 under Article II. . stating that “The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. it was focused on fast tracking land acquisition and distribution. the policies on agrarian reform focused on accelerating the direct land and non-lands transfer through adopting more fair and inexpensive settlements. CARP recognizes not only farmers but all landless workers as beneficiaries with the condition that they cultivate the land. On June 10. Because of that the peasants and other people grew to implement other program.ph) LAND Reform under Aquino Administration (1986-1992) During the reign of President Corazon Aquino on 1986. unfortunately. this did not succeed. They improved the databases of DAR and DENR to fully update the lands covered. It wanted to decrease uncertainties in land market to help farmers. It also made an amendment to Section 63 of CARL to increase the fund for this project. He highlighted that there is a need to conceptualize in doing things to build new social agreement. For them.” and this led to the drafting of CARP.was passed to promote industrialization. this serves as motivation for the better results. but this law was founds to have many flaws .gov.

dar. “As of December 31. From this.gov. and own no more than 3 hectares of agricultural land. 2015) ACHIEVEMENTS The Official Gazette released an update on the accomplishments in the field of agrarian reform as of June 30.732 hectares. 2015) Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) identifies and screens potential beneficiaries and validates their qualifications. equivalent to 88% of thetotal land subject to CARP. 2013.CARP vs.782 hectares and DENR has already distributed338.” [17] (.[18] (Republic Act No. CARPER 5 However the program of distributing lands to farmer-beneficiaries continued even after June 2014.ph. Beneficiaries must be least 15 years old. the Aquino administration has distributed a total of 751. [19] ( "Q and A: The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program.9 million hectares of land. 2014. the government has acquired and distributed 6. 2015) COVERAGE OF CARP AND CARPER CARP .514 hectares. or 45% of the total landholdings to be distributed to the farmer beneficiaries left under this administration. be a resident of the barangay where the land holding is located. 9700 . DAR has distributed 412.” Of this area. Section 30 of RA 9700 or CARPER law states that cases on the matter which are still pending “shall be allowed to proceed to its finality and be executed even beyond such date.

regardless of tenure arrangement and commodity produced. More specifically the following lands are covered by the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program: (a) All alienable and disposable lands of the public domain devoted to or suitable for agriculture. (dar. Scope. all public and private agricultural lands. including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture. IHAcCS "More specifically. No reclassification of forest or mineral lands to agricultural lands shall be undertaken .CARP vs. all public and private agricultural lands as provided in Proclamation No. 131 and Executive Order No. 131 and Executive Order No.gov. No reclassification of forest or mineral lands to agricultural lands shall be undertaken after the approval of this Act until Congress. 229. 4. developmental and equity considerations.: The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1989 shall cover. the following lands are covered by the CARP: "(a) All alienable and disposable lands of the public domain devoted to or suitable for agriculture. Section 4 of Republic Act No. The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 shall cover. as provided in Proclamation No. Scope. (b) All lands of the public domain in excess of the specific limits as determined by Congress in the preceding paragraph. 6657. CARPER 6 SECTION 4. and (d) All private lands devoted to or suitable for agriculture regardless of the agricultural products raised or that can be raised thereon. is hereby further amended to read as follows: "SEC. shall have determined by law.ph) CARPER SECTION 3. taking into account ecological. as amended. (c) All other lands owned by the Government devoted to or suitable for agriculture. 229. the specific limits of the public domain. including other lands of the public domain suitable for agriculture: Provided. That landholdings of landowners with a total area of five (5) hectares and below shall not be covered for acquisition and distribution to qualified beneficiaries. regardless of tenure arrangement and commodity produced.

"(c) All other lands owned by the Government devoted to or suitable for agriculture. This program was signed by former president Corazon Aquino. this program promotes the right of the landless farmers in the Philippines. the Filipino farmers have the rights to received a land from the landowners.6657. the specific limits of the public domain. taking into account ecological." (RA 9700 CARPER) COMPARISON OF CARP AND CARPER The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program or CARP. without prejudice to the implementation of the land acquisition and distribution. RA No. instead of giving lands to the farmers. 9700. and this is almost the same with the CARP because this is just an extension.CARP vs. While the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program Extension with Reforms or CARPER. This program was signed by former president Gloria Macapagal Arroyo. "A comprehensive inventory system in consonance with the national land use plan shall be instituted by the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR). in accordance with the Local Government Code. and the government is the one who will pay for it to the land owners using the funds. The best example for this is the Hacienda Luisita. RA No. this program extend the program to 5 years to allocate the land to the farmer. for the purpose of properly identifying and classifying farmlands within one (1) year from effectivity of this Act. (Study Mode: CARP and CARPER) OBSERVATION . In this program. shall have determined by law. and "(d) All private lands devoted to or suitable for agriculture regardless of the agricultural products raised or that can be raised thereon. the Cojuanco family only gave some stocks to the farmers. CARPER 7 after the approval of this Act until Congress. developmental and equity considerations. also known as the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law (CARL). is just an extension of CARP. "(b) All lands of the public domain in excess of the specific limits as determined by Congress in the preceding paragraph.

And just like my example before. .CARP vs. these two are very important. The did not allocate the land properly to the farmers. if the 20 years of CARP did not achieve its cut off number of land being distributed to the farmers. because some of the provisions of CARPER may bother the farmer even more. for me CARP and CARPER is such a big help to the farmers in order to sustain their needs to serve as a reward for their hard work. the CARPER is just the extension of the CARP where in it has additional 5 years in order to make the law's provisions and objectives to happen. since many farmers also has their needs. they did not implement what this law has to be. I think the government shall give more attention to this since the Filipino farmers really need and they have the rights as well and shall not replace the CARP into CARPER because it is worse. Arroyo and Cojuanco did agree for this bill. program Although they add additional 5 years for this to happen. And how come they will achieve the goals of this bill. about the Hacienda Luisita. so how about the 5 years that they add? So. Just like the Cojuancos. For me. and it is their right to have a land from the land owner. So for me. I recommend to our government to give time for this law or to give attention. CARPER 8 As an individual. where in they only gave the farmers some of the stocks instead of the lands stated in the said Law. how about the 20 years of CARP that distributed small amount of land. I think it is not right if they replace CARP into CARPER because. CARP is better than CARPER and it's no need for it to be replaced. Even the farmers is not agree with this. And since our government already implemented this law years ago.

ph. (2012).dar.ph.ph.com: http://www.studymode. july 3). (2014.d.com: http://www. Retrieved from studymode.d.lis.com/essays/Carp-And-Carper-1129023. (2015. Retrieved 2015-07-03.d. (n. 9700 . (n.dar. Retrieved from Blogspot. (May 30.Department of Agrarian Reform".gov. Retrieved from http://www.CARP vs.gov.dar.gov. (n.html 9 . Retrieved from philstar.gov.dar. Retrieved from dar.).gov.dar. Study Mode: CARP and CARPER. Retrieved from dar.).ph/ra-9700-carpercomprehensive-agrarian-reform-program-extension Republic Act No.gov. S. 9700 | Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines".).dar. C.). “Institutional Aspects of Policy Implementation and Management of the Philippine Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program” .ph: http://www. Retrieved 2015-07-03. Retrieved from . “Institutional Aspects of Policy Implementation and Management of the Philippine Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program”. E. Agrarian Reform and Philippine Political Development" Political Economy: International Political Economy. 2007). www. (n. Retrieved from Wikipedia: http://www.ph: http://www.blogspot. Retrieved 2015-07-03.ph: http://www.d. CARPER Bibliography (n.gov. (n.).dar.gov.ph/ra-6657-what-is-carp-comprehensiveagrarian-reform-program "Q and A: The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program.com/headlines/2014/06/30/1340617/after-26-years-carp-ends RA 9700 CARPER.gov.ph/home/document_view/3194 (n. C.gov. philstar: after 26 years carp ends.philstar. blogspot: comprehensive agrarian reform. S.ph: "English .com/ dar.).ph/ra-6657-what-is-carp-comprehensiveagrarian-reform-program Leones.). June 30). Retrieved from Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines: "Q and A: The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program | Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines".ph/ra-6657-what-is-carpcomprehensive-agrarian-reform-program dar.d. Navarro. ( May 30. (2015. Retrieved from dar. july 3). Navarro.). Retrieved from Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines: "Republic Act No. S. (2015.com: http://comprehensiveagrarianreform.d.d.gov. JUly 3). 2007.gov.

CARPER 10 .CARP vs.

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