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18 views6 pagesKangaroo maths

Oct 16, 2015

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Kangaroo maths

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Kangaroo maths

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3 points

# 1. Which of the following numbers is the largest?

(A) 2013

(B) 20+13

(C) 2013

(D) 2013

(E) 20 13

The regular octagon of the figure measures 10 on each side. Which is the

# 2.

measure of the radius of the circle inscribed in the smallest octagon formed by the diagonals?

(A) 10

(B) 7,5

(C) 5

(D) 2,5

(E) 2

# 3. A prism has 2013 faces in total. How many edges has the prism?

(A) 2011

(B) 2013

(C) 4022

(D) 4024

(E) 6033

(A) 33

3 1

(B) 33

(C) 32

(D) 33

(E) ( 3)3

# 5. The year 2013 has the property that its number is made up of the consecutive digits 0, 1, 2 and

3. How many years have passed since the last time a year was made up of four consecutive digits?

(A) 467

(B) 527

(C) 581

(D) 693

(E) 990

# 6. Let f be a linear function for which f (2013) f (2001) = 100. What is f (2031) f (2013)?

(A) 75

(B) 100

(C) 120

(D) 150

(E) 180

# 7. Given that 2 < x < 3 how many of the following statements are true?

4 < x2 < 9

(A) 0

(B) 1

4 < 2x < 9

6 < 3x < 9

(C) 2

0 < x2 2x < 3

(D) 3

(E) 4

# 8. Six superheroes capture 20 villains. The first superhero captures one villain, the second captures

two villains and the third captures three villains. The fourth superhero captures more villains than any

of the other five. What is the smallest number of villains the fourth superhero must have captured?

(A) 7

(B) 6

(C) 5

(D) 4

(E) 3

# 9. In the cube below you see a solid not transparent pyramid ABCDS with base ABCD, whose

vertex S lies exactly in the middle of an edge of the cube. You look at this pyramid from above, from

below, from behind, from ahead, from the right and from the left. Which view does not arise?

1

S

D

A

C

B

(A)

(B)

(D)

(E)

(C)

volume decrease when it solidifies again?

(A)

1

10

(B)

1

11

(C)

1

12

(D)

1

12 .

1

13

(E)

1

14

4 points

# 11. Radu has identical plastic pieces in the shape of a regular pentagon. He glues them edge to

edge to complete a circle - as shown in the picture. How many pieces are there in this circle?

(A) 8

(B) 9

(C) 10

(D) 12

(A) 12

(B) 33

(D) 100

(E) 300

n

3

(E) 15

(C) 34

# 13. A circular carpet is placed on a floor of square tiles. All the tiles which have more than one

point in common with the carpet are marked grey. Which of the following is an impossible outcome?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

2

(E)

# 14. Consider the following proposition about a function f on the set of integers: For any even x,

f (x) is even. What would be the negation of this proposition?

(A) For any even x, f (x) is odd

(B) For any odd x, f (x) is even

(C) For any odd x, f (x) is odd

(D) There exists an even number x such that f (x) is odd

(E) There exists an odd number x such that f (x) is odd

# 15. Given a function W (x) = (a x)(b x)2 , where a < b. Its graph is in one of the following

figures. In which one?

y

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

(E)

# 16. Consider a rectangle, one of whose sides has length 5. The rectangle can be cut into a square

and a rectangle, one of which has the area 4. How many such rectangles exist?

(A) 1

(B) 2

(C) 3

(D) 4

(E) 5

# 17. Vlad has drawn the graph of a function f : R R, composed of two rays and a line segment

(see figure). How many solutions does the equation f (f (f (x))) = 0 have?

4

2

-4

(A) 4

-2

(B) 3

(C) 2

(D) 1

(E) 0

# 18. In the triangle ABC the points M and N on the side AB are such that AN = AC and

3

C

43

(A) 86

(B) 89

(C) 90

(D) 92

(E) 94

# 19. How many pairs (x, y) of positive integers satisfy the equation x2 y 3 = 612 ?

(A) 6

(B) 8

(C) 10

(D) 12

# 20. A box contains 900 cards numbered from 100 to 999. Any two cards have different numbers.

Franois picks some cards and determines the sum of the digits on each of them. At least how many

cards must he pick in order to be certain to have three cards with the same sum?

(A) 51

(B) 52

(C) 53

(D) 54

(E) 55

5 points

# 21. How many pairs (x, y) of integers with x y exist such that their product equals 5 times their

sum?

(A) 4

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 7

(E) 8

# 22. Let f : R R be the function defined by the following properties: f is periodic with period 5

and the restriction of f to [2, 3[ is x 7 f (x) = x2 . What is f (2013)?

(A) 0

(B) 1

H

D

(C) 2

(D) 4

(E) 9

E

A

F

B

# 23. C

The solid cube in the figure is cut by a plane passing through the three neighbouring vertices D,

E and B of A. Similarly the cube is cut by planes passing through the three neighbouring vertices of

all other seven corners. What will the piece containing the center of the cube look like?

(A)

(B)

(C)

4

(D)

# 24. How many solutions (x, y), where x and y are real numbers, does the equation x2 +y 2 = |x|+|y|

have?

(A) 1

(B) 5

(C) 8

(D) 9

# 25. Let f : N0 N0 be the function defined by f (n) = n2 if n is even, f (n) = n1

if n is

2

k

odd, for all natural number n. For k a positive integer f (n) denotes the number represented by

the expression f (f (...f (n)...))), where the symbol f appears k times. The number of solutions of the

equation f 2013 (n) = 1 is

(A) 0

(B) 4026

(C) 22012

(D) 22013

(E) infinite

# 26. There are some straight lines drawn on the plane. Line a intersects exactly three other lines

and line b intersects exactly four other lines. Line c intersects exactly n other lines, with n 6= 3, 4.

Determine the number of lines drawn on the plane.

(A) 4

(B) 5

(C) 6

(D) 7

# 27. The sum of the first n positive integers is a three-digit number in which all of the digits are

the same. What is the sum of the digits of n?

(A) 6

(B) 9

(C) 12

(D) 15

(E) 18

# 28. On the island of Knights and Knaves there live only two types of people: Knights (who always

speak the truth) and Knaves (who always lie). I met two men who lived there and asked the taller

man if they were both Knights. He replied, but I could not figure out what they were, so I asked the

shorter man if the taller was a Knight. He replied, and after that I knew which type they were.

Were the men Knights or Knaves?

(A) They were both Knights.

(B) They were both Knaves.

(C) The taller was a Knight and the shorter was a Knave.

(D) The taller was a Knave and the shorter was a Knight.

(E) Not enough information is given.

# 29. Iulian has written an algorithm in order to create a sequence of numbers as a1 = 1, am+n =

am + an + mn, where m and n are natural numbers. Find the value of a100

(A) 100

(B) 1000

(C) 2012

(D) 4950

(E) 5050

# 30. The roundabout shown in the picture is entered by 5 cars at the same time, each one from a

different direction. Each of the cars drives less than one round and no two cars leave the roundabout

in the same direction. How many different combinations are there for the cars leaving the roundabout?

5

(A) 24

(B) 44

(C) 60

(D) 81

(E) 120

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