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You'll never be able to finish in time anyways

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You are on page 1of 19

Mathematics Extension 1

General Instructions

Working time 2 hours.

Write using black or blue pen.

Black pen is preferred.

Board-approved calculators

may be used.

A table of standard integrals is

provided at the back of this paper.

Show all necessary working in

Questions 11 14.

Total Marks 70

Section I

Pages 1 4

10 marks

Attempt Questions 1 10

Allow about 15 minutes for this section.

Section II

Pages 5 17

60 marks

Attempt Questions 11 14

Allow about 1 hour 45 minutes for this section.

Total marks 10

Attempt Questions 1 10

All questions are of equal value

Shade your answers in the appropriate box in the Multiple Choice answer sheet provided.

1

A particle is travelling in simple harmonic motion such that its velocity, in metres per

second, is given by the equation v 2 a 2 b 2 x 2 , where a, b 0 .

What is the period of motion?

(A)

a.

(B)

b.

(C)

2 a .

(D)

2 b .

n

2 For what positive values of n does the expansion of x 2 have a constant term?

x

(A)

Odd values of n.

(B)

Even values of n.

(C)

Multiples of 3.

(D)

Multiples of 4.

Solve the following expression for x, where a and k are positive real numbers.

ax

k.

x

(A)

0 x

a

.

k 1

(B)

0 x

a

.

k 1

(C)

a

or x 0.

k 1

(D)

a

or x 0.

k 1

1

1

Consider the curve y cos 1 . What is the domain and range?

x

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D)

Domain:

x 1 or x 1 .

Range:

0 y , y

Domain:

1 x 1 .

Range:

0 y , y

Domain:

x 1 or x 1.

Range:

0 y , y

Domain:

1 x 1 .

Range:

0 y , y

For what values of k is 45 ?

(A)

1

k 3.

3

(B)

1

k 3.

3

(C)

1

k 3 or k .

3

(D)

1

k 3 or k .

3

At their formal, two twin girls Elle and Daisy are to be seated in a circle with five other

friends. However, the two of them insist that they be seated next to each other. They are

all assigned seats randomly.

What is the probability that such an arrangement is made?

(A)

1 6.

(B)

1 3.

(C)

2 7.

(D)

1 21 .

Use Newtons method to find a better approximation, correct to 3 significant figures.

(A)

x 0.57 .

(B)

x 0.570 .

(C)

x 0.56

(D)

x 0.566 .

internally in the ratio k :1 . If C lies on the line a1 x a2 y 0 , then

a1b1 a2b2

.

a12 a2 2

(A)

(B)

a12 a2 2

k

.

a1b1 a2b2

(C)

a1b1 a2b2

.

a12 a2 2

(D)

a12 a2 2

.

a1b1 a2b2

y

(A)

y x3 x 4 .

(B)

y x3 x 4 .

(C)

y x3 x 4 .

(D)

y x3 x 4 .

10 An n sided die has each of its faces labeled numbers from 1 to n. It is then tossed 3

times, and it is known that the probability of obtaining a particular number exactly 2

times is approximately 2%.

Which of the following is the most likely number of faces that the die has, assuming

each number has equal probability?

(A)

6.

(B)

8.

(C)

10.

(D)

12.

Total marks 60

Attempt Questions 11 14

All questions are of equal value

Answer each question in a SEPARATE writing booklet. Extra writing booklets are available.

Question 11 (15 marks) Use a SEPARATE writing booklet.

(a)

Solve for 0 2 .

3

sin cos tan .

2

(b)

arranged if

(i)

(ii)

(c)

Evaluate

3

2

1

cos tan x

dx ,

2

1

x

0

1

(d)

remainder q when divided by x q , where p and q are real constants

such that p q .

Show that the remainder when P x is divided by x p x q , is

exactly 1.

5

Question 11 (continued)

(e)

Two people A and B observe a tower OC, which is h metres high with

angles of elevation being and respectively. They are standing d

metres apart, such that AOB 90 , where O is the base of the tower.

C

Prove that

h

d tan tan

tan 2 tan 2

End of Question 11

(a)

k

, for some b, k 0 .

xb

when the plane initially starts, it has an acceleration of 3ms-2 . It is known

A small aero-plane travels with acceleration x

that once the jet has travelled 10 metres, its acceleration is now 2ms -2 and

it travels with a velocity of 10ms-1 .

The pilot Jin lands his plane on an island that has a runway exactly 125

metres long, and now wishes to leave. It is known that VL 17 , where

Determine if the runway is long enough for the Jin to leave the island.

(b)

p2

(i)

1

.

p 1

2

S n

(ii)

n 1 3n 2 .

4n n 1

p

p 2

1

.

1

Question 12 (continued)

(c)

A normal is constructed from P such that it meets at T.

y

x 2 4ay

x py ap p 2 2 (Do NOT prove this).

(i)

Show that p2 pt 2 0 .

Question 12 (continued)

(ii)

constructed to meet the parabola at T.

Prove that p q t 0 .

Question 12 (continued)

(d)

and BTC is the tangent to the circle at T. AB and AC intersect the

circle at P and Q respectively.

T

O

Q

C

Copy or trace the diagram into your writing booklet.

(i)

(ii)

End of Question 12

10

Question 13

(a)

temperature is measured to be Tn , where Tn T0 for all positive integers n.

Assuming that the object follows the differential equation

dT

k E T ,

dt

where k is some positive real constant and T is the temperature of the object

at some time t, prove that

k

(b)

1 T0 E

ln

.

tn Tn E

1

a b2 x 2

2

and g x

b a2 x2

some x coordinate such that k 1 .

2

1

(i)

f x g x .

11

Question 13 (continued)

(ii)

The area bounded by the y axis, the two curves and the line x 1 ,

is rotated about the x axis to form a solid.

a 2 b2

tan 1

.

ab

2ab

x y

You may assume, without proof, that tan 1 x tan 1 y tan 1

.

1 xy

(iii) The area bounded by the two curves and the line x k , is rotated

about the x axis to form another solid Vk .

k

(c)

nt

nt

x A cos 2 B sin 2 ,

2

2

where A B .

(i)

(ii)

Show that

1

A x B.

12

Question 13 (continued)

(d)

A point A lies on the y axis, 1 unit away from the origin in the positive

direction. Another point P lies on the line y x tan , where 0 90 ,

and travels along the line with some speed S ms1 . Let l be the distance

from P to the origin, and let OAP be .

y

x

sin

.

cos

(i)

Prove that l

(ii)

d 2

d

Let

and 2 . Show that when 2 ,

dt

dt

(1)

S cos .

(2)

S l.

End of Question 13

13

(a)

(i)

Prove that

m n m m n m

m n m n

...

.

0 k 1 k 1

k 0 k

(ii)

1

2

n 2n

.

r 0 r

n

n

2

2

n

n 2n

r .

2 n

r 0 r

n

14

Question 14 (continued)

(b)

A ball is projected from level ground with some initial velocity V0 and

angle . Upon landing, it bounces an infinite number of times.

The n th bounce has some new initial angle n being the same acute angle

at which it landed, and initial velocity Vn , where n 0,1, 2,... . However,

the velocity Vn is given by the recurrence formula Vn kVn1 , where

0 k 1 , and n 1 .

Let the limiting range be R and let the amount of time it takes to reach

that position be TV0 .

y

x

You may assume the following equations:

x Vn t cos ,

1

y gt 2 Vn t sin ,

2

where g is the acceleration due to gravity, and t is time in seconds.

15

Question 14 (continued)

(i)

(ii)

Show that the amount of time it takes to reach the total limiting

range R is

TV0

2V0 sin

.

g 1 k

(iii) Prove that the total limiting range after infinite bounces is

V0 2 sin 2

.

g 1 k 2

16

Question 14 (continued)

(iv) The ball is now set to be projected with the same initial angle ,

but with some velocity VR V0 such that when it lands, it lands

Let TR be the time of flight for the ball to have horizontal range R,

with initial velocity VR .

Show that

TR

1 k

.

TV0

1 k

(v)

TR TV0 ,

End of paper

17

STANDARD INTEGRALS

n

x dx

1

dx

x

ln x, x 0

ax

e dx

1 ax

e , a0

a

cos ax dx

1

sin ax, a 0

a

sin ax dx

1

cos ax, a 0

a

2

sec ax dx

1

tan ax, a 0

a

sec ax tan ax dx

1

sec ax, a 0

a

dx

2

2

a x

1

x

tan 1 , a 0

a

a

dx

x

sin 1 , a 0,

a

dx

ln x x 2 a 2 , x a 0

dx

ln x x 2 a 2

1

a x

2

x a

x a

1

2

1

2

1 n 1

x , n 1; x 0, if n 0

n 1

a x a

NOTE: ln x loge x, x 0

18

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