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Francis Ford Coppola

Francis Ford Coppola (/ˈkoʊpələ/; born April 7, 1939) Italy.[7] Coppola received his middle name in honor of
is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. Henry Ford, not only because he was born in the Henry
He was part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmaking. Ford Hospital but also because of his musician-father’s
After directing The Rain People in 1969, he won the association with the automobile manufacturer. At the
time of Coppola’s birth, his father was a flautist as well
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay as cowriter, with Edmund H. North, of Patton in 1970. His as arranger and assistant orchestra director for The Ford
an hour-long concert music radio
directorial prominence was cemented with the release Sunday Evening Hour,
Ford Motor Company.[8][9][10]
series
sponsored
by
the
in 1972 of The Godfather, a film which revolutionized
movie-making in the gangster genre,[1] earning praise Two years after Coppola’s birth, his father was named
from both critics and the public before winning three principal flautist for the NBC Symphony Orchestra and
Academy Awards—including his second Oscar (Best the family moved to New York, settling in Woodside,
Adapted Screenplay, with Mario Puzo), Best Picture, and Queens, where Coppola spent the remainder of his childhood.
his first nomination for Best Director.
Contracting polio as a boy, Coppola was bedridden for
large periods of his childhood, allowing him to indulge
his imagination with homemade puppet theater productions. Reading A Streetcar Named Desire at age 15 was
instrumental in developing his interest in theater.[11] Eager to be involved in film-craft, he created 8mm features edited from home movies with such titles as The
Rich Millionaire and The Lost Wallet.[12] As a child, Coppola was a mediocre student, but he was so interested in
technology and engineering that his friends nicknamed
him “Science”.[13] Trained initially for a career in music, he became proficient on the tuba and won a music scholarship to the New York Military Academy.[12]
Overall, Coppola attended 23 other schools[14] before he
eventually graduated from the Great Neck North High
School.[15] He entered Hofstra College in 1955 with a major in theater arts. There he was awarded a scholarship in
playwriting. This furthered his interest in directing theater despite the disapproval of his father, who wanted
him to study engineering.[16] Coppola was profoundly
impressed after seeing Sergei Eisenstein's October: Ten
Days That Shook the World, especially with the movie’s
quality of editing. It was at this time Coppola decided
he would go into cinema rather than theater.[16] Coppola
says he was tremendously influenced to become a writer
early on by his brother, August,[14] in whose footsteps he
would also follow by attending both of his brother’s alma
maters: Hofstra and UCLA. Coppola also gives credit
to the work of Elia Kazan and for its influence on him
as a director.[14] Amongst Coppola’s classmates at Hofstra were James Caan, Lainie Kazan and radio artist Joe
Frank.[15][17] He later cast Lainie Kazan in One from the
Heart and Caan in The Rain People and The Godfather.

He followed with The Godfather Part II in 1974, which
became the first sequel to win the Academy Award for
Best Picture. Highly regarded by critics, it brought him
three more Academy Awards: Best Adapted Screenplay,
Best Director and Best Picture, and made him the second
director, after Billy Wilder, to be honored three times for
the same film. The Conversation, which he directed, produced and wrote, was released that same year, winning
the Palme d'Or at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival. He next
directed 1979’s Apocalypse Now. Notorious for its overlong and strenuous production, the film was nonetheless
critically acclaimed for its vivid and stark depiction of
the Vietnam War, winning the Palme d'Or at the 1979
Cannes Film Festival. Coppola is one of only eight filmmakers to win two Palme d'Or awards.
While a number of Coppola’s ventures in the 1980s
and 1990s were critically lauded, he has never quite
achieved the same commercial success with films as in the
1970s.[2][3][4] His most well-known films released since
the 1980s are the dramas The Outsiders and Rumble Fish
(both 1983), the crime-drama The Cotton Club (1984),
and the horror film Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1992).

1

Early life

Coppola was born in Detroit, Michigan, to father
Carmine Coppola,[5] a flautist with the Detroit Symphony
Orchestra, and mother Italia (née Pennino). Coppola is
the second of three children: his older brother was August
Coppola, his younger sister is actress Talia Shire. Born
into a family of Italian immigrant ancestry, his paternal While pursuing his bachelor’s degree, Coppola was
grandparents came to the United States from Bernalda, elected president of The Green Wig (the university’s
Basilicata.[6] His maternal grandfather, popular Italian drama group) and the Kaleidoscopians (its musical comcomposer Francesco Pennino, immigrated from Naples,
1

H. and Ayamonn the Terrible. with fame still eluding him and partly out of desperation. Lawrence Awards for theatrical production and direction and received a Beckerman Award for his outstanding contributions to the school’s theater arts division.[15][20] Impressed by Coppola’s perseverance and dedication. with equipment flowing in and no mansion found yet.[21] Coppola directed in a period of nine days Dementia 13. he decided he would build a deviant studio that would conceive and implement creative. intending to produce mainstream pictures to finance offbeat projects and give first-time directors their chance to direct. resulting in a disjointed look to the film. While touring Europe.000 ($20. Warner was nonplussed by Coppola’s shaggy-haired. He later used Morrison’s song "The End" in Apocalypse Now. also a box-office failure.[18] Coppola wrote a brief draft story idea in one night. they staged a new production each week. but these scenes were in sharp contrast to those obviously filmed on a Hollywood soundstage. He took his cast to the Napa Valley for much of the outdoor shooting. Corman. he co-wrote the scripts for This Property Is Condemned (1966) and Is Paris Burning? (1966). unconventional approaches to filmmaking. Coppola was introduced to alternative filmmaking equipment and inspired by the bohemian spirit of Lanterna Film. the first home for Zoetrope Studio became a warehouse in San Francisco on Folsom Street. founder of a studio called Lanterna Film and owner of a famous collection of early motion picture-making equipment.[12] There he directed a short horror film called The Two Christophers inspired by Edgar Allan Poe's "William Wilson". bearded.2 2 edy club). but his work with Clark no doubt contributed to her Golden Globe Best Actress nomination. However.1 Career 1960s Coppola enrolled in UCLA Film School for graduate work in film. Coppola took it upon himself to subvert the studio system which he felt had stifled his visions. On a budget of $40. whose encouragement Coppola later acknowledged as pivotal to his film career.000 from another producer who wanted to buy the movie’s English rights).[15] This movie brought him some critical acclaim and eventually his Master of Fine Arts Degree from UCLA School of Theater. incorporating elements from Hitchcock’s Psycho. Coppola won the annual Samuel Goldwyn CAREER Award for the best screenplay (Pilma.[11] 2 2.[15] The film won the Golden Shell at the 1969 San Sebastian Film Festival. . Film and Television in 1967. in 1969. In 1969. who became his lifelong friend as well as production assistant in his next film The Rain People in 1969.[18][22] Following the success of You're a Big Boy Now.[12] He won three D. The film recouped its expenses and later became a cult film among horror buffs. a film about a sculptor’s nightmares coming to life. Coppola and George Lucas searched for a mansion in Marin County to house the studio. It was on the sets of Dementia 13 that he met his future wife Eleanor Jessie Neil.[18] While a graduate student. including some of the earliest uses of HDTV. Coppola was hired as an assistant by Roger Corman and his first job for Corman was to dub and re-edit a Russian science fiction film. persuaded Coppola to make a low-budget horror movie with funds left over from the movie. Corman hired him as dialogue director on Tower of London (1962).[23] The studio went on to become an early adopter of digital filmmaking. In his book The American Cinema. Coppola also founded the cinema workshop at Hofstra and contributed prolifically to the campus literary magazine. In between. starring Petula Clark in her first American film and veteran Fred Astaire. He added some new 3-D color footage and earned a writer’s and director’s credit for The Bellboy and the Playgirls. released in 1962. Coppola’s result was only semi-successful. ever alert for an opportunity to produce a decent movie on a shoestring budget. “hippie” appearance and generally left him to his own devices.[13] before directing the experimental softcore comedy Tonight for Sure in 1962.[15] At UCLA. This was his UCLA thesis project that also received a theatrical release via Warner Bros.[21] and the result impressed Corman enough to give him the go-ahead. Coppola met Jim Morrison. Pilma) written by a UCLA student.[19] The company that hired him for Tonight for Sure brought him back to re-cut a German film titled Mit Eva fing die Sünde an directed by Fritz Umgelter. However. It was written. He decided he would name his future studio “Zoetrope” after receiving a gift of zoetropes from Mogens Scot-Hansen. Coppola bought the rights to the David Benedictus novel You're a Big Boy Now and fused it with a story idea of his own. Coppola was offered the reins of the movie version of the Broadway musical Finian’s Rainbow. He then merged the two into The Spectrum Players and under his leadership. which he turned into a sex-and-violence monster movie entitled Battle Beyond the Sun.[12] This secured him a job as a scriptwriter with Seven Arts. In 1965. he exceeded his budget and the studio had to underwrite the remainder of the movie.000 from Corman and $20. Upon his return home. directed and initially produced by Coppola himself. Dealing with outdated material at a time when the popularity of film musicals was already on the downslide. resulting in You're a Big Boy Now (1966). The film introduced to him George Lucas. his first feature from his own screenplay.[18] While on location in Ireland for The Young Racers in 1963. one of his teachers was Dorothy Arzner. Nebo zovyot. Producer Jack L. sound man for The Young Racers (1963) and associate producer of The Terror (1963). though as the movie advanced.

which also won over the Paramount leadership. Coppola would later recollect:[21] The Godfather was a very unappreciated movie when we were making it. sort of. The group included Steven Spielberg. This earned him his first Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. Bogdanovich has often said that he would have cast Edward G. I wasn't fired. Scott. Coppola also did not initially want to direct the film because he feared it would glorify the Mafia and violence and thus reflect poorly on his Sicilian and Italian heritage. Martin Scorsese. However. but declined in order to direct his own gangster opus. Philip Kaufman and George Lucas.2.[15][25] 2.2 1970s Coppola epitomized a group of filmmakers known as the "New Hollywood" that emerged in the early 1970s with ideas that challenged conventional film-making. thank you very much. Evans specifically wanted an Italian-American to direct the film because his research had shown that previous films about the Mafia that were directed by non-Italians had fared dismally at the box office and he wanted to. he remembered having read Coppola’s screenplay earlier. At one point. [He] may be heard from more decisively in the future. Over the years. And the script was very controversial when I wrote it.become an iconic scene and has spawned parodies in nusonably talented and sensibly adaptable directorial talent merous films. but I was fired.. Italian director Sergio Leone was initially offered the job. And my script of Patton was—I was sort of interested in the reincarnation. North. “Okay. which he shared with Mario Puzo and two Golden Globe Awards: for Best Director and Best Screenplay. “When the title role was offered to George C. 'Scott is the one who resurrected my version.[29] There was disagreement between Paramount and Coppola on the issue of casting.2 1970s 3 Andrew Sarris wrote. Brian De Palma.' says Coppola.2 The Godfather (1972) 2. though Paramount wanted either Ernest Borgnine or Danny Thomas. because they thought it was so stylized. He stated flatly that he would accept the part only if they used Coppola’s script. Coppola had to face a lot of difficulties while filming The Godfather. Brando later won an Academy Award for his portrayal. “smell the spaghetti”. Terrence Malick.[28] Peter Bogdanovich was then approached but he also declined the offer and made What’s Up.2. this opening monologue has Main article: The Godfather The release of The Godfather in 1972 was a milestone in cinema. kind of being raked over the coals for this opening scene. It was supposed to be like. After pleading with the executives. The near 3-hour-long epic.” and they went and hired another writer and that script was forgotten. And I had this very bizarre opening where he stands up in front of an American flag and gives this speech. political cartoons and television shows. Schaffner that the opening scene would work. Once Upon a Time in America. which he refused to accept. They didn't like the cast. Coppola and North had to tone down Patton’s actual language to avoid an R rating. they said. he eagerly agreed to take the helm.”[24] 2. in his own words. in the opening monologue. meaning that when the script was done.. Coppola later revealed in an interview:[26] I wrote the script of Patton. set against a huge American flag. He was not Paramount’s first choice to direct the movie. I was always on the verge of getting fired. you know. head of Paramount Pictures at the time. Ultimately. They were very unhappy with it. When Coppola hit upon the idea of making it a metaphor for American capitalism. received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics and fetched Coppola the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay. William Friedkin.1 Patton (1970) Main article: Patton (film) Coppola co-wrote the script for Patton in 1970 along with Edmund H. Woody Allen. on the other hand. perform a screen-test and put up a bond saying that he would not cause a delay in the production (as he had done on previous film sets). it was not easy for Coppola to convince Franklin J. So it . however.[30] Coppola chose Brando over Ernest Borgnine on the basis of Brando’s screen test. And I remember very vividly this long. Coppola stuck to his plan of casting Marlon Brando as Vito Corleone. Coppola was told by the thenpresident of Paramount that “Marlon Brando will never appear in this motion picture”. They didn't like the way I was shooting it. According to Robert Evans. Doc? instead.”[27] The movie opens with Scott’s rendering of Patton’s famous military “Pep Talk” to members of the Third Army. Robinson in the lead had he accepted the film. which chronicled the saga of the Corleone family. to emerge from a university curriculum in film-making.2. Coppola was allowed to cast Brando only if he appeared in the film for much less salary than his previous films. Robert Altman. However. the word “fornicating” replaced “fucking” when criticizing the The Saturday Evening Post. The Longest Day. "[Coppola] is probably the first rea.

I had two little kids.[33] The movie was partly influenced by Michelangelo Antonioni's Blowup (1966)[34] and generated a lot of speculation and interest when news leaked that the film utilized the very same surveillance and wiretapping equipment that members of the Nixon administration used to spy on political opponents prior to the Watergate scandal. with many deeming it superior to its predecessor. so when it was all over I wasn't at all confident that it was going to be successful. behind Citizen Kane. We lived in a little apartment. and Steven Soderbergh in 2000 with Erin Brockovich and Traffic.[38] The film is also featured on movie critic Leonard Maltin's list of the “100 Must-See Films of the 20th Century”.”[35] Apocalypse Now.[40] It was also featured on Sight & Sound's list of the ten greatest films of all time in 2002. 2. After it was released.[31] Director Stanley Kubrick believed that The Godfather was possibly the greatest movie ever made and had without question the best cast. was completed in the mid-1960s (before the election of Richard Nixon). The movie was released in 1974 and went on to receive tremendous critical acclaim. in 2008. ranking at #4.[32] 2.4 2 was an extremely nightmarish experience. Alfred Hitchcock repeated the feat the next year with Foreign Correspondent and Rebecca.2. The Godfather Part II is ranked as the #1 greatest movie of all time in TV Guide’s “50 Best Movies of All Time”[37] and is ranked at #7 on Entertainment Weekly’s list of the “100 Greatest Movies of All Time”.3 The Conversation (1974) Main article: The Conversation Coppola’s next film.[36] It was nominated for 11 Academy Awards and received 6 Oscars. the success of The Godfather Part II began the Hollywood tradition of numbered sequels. there was little reason to see an addition to the original story. Take one away. an adaptation of Joseph Conrad's Heart . George Lucas commented on the film after its five-hour-long preview. However. in the Following the success of The Godfather. However.[41] Coppola was the third director to have two nominations for Best Picture in the same year. The film routinely features at the top in various polls for the greatest movies ever. Coppola. telling Coppola: “You have two films. and Casablanca on the initial AFI’s 100 Years…100 Movies list by the American Film Institute. further cemented his position as one of the most talented auteurs of Hollywood. it doesn't work”.4 2. “I don't think that script was [actually] made. the studio’s objection stemmed from the belief that audiences would be reluctant to see a film with such a title. Victor Fleming was the first in 1939 with Gone With the Wind and The Wizard of Oz. including 3 for Coppola: Best Picture. the spying equipment used in the film was developed through research and use of technical advisers and not by revelatory newspaper stories about the Watergate break-in. It was moved up to second when the list was published again. Coppola began filming states. including Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for Coppola. They had as much as said that. one of a young Vito Corleone and the other of his son Michael.6 Apocalypse Now (1979) Main article: The Great Gatsby (1974 film) Main article: Apocalypse Now During the filming of The Conversation.2.[39] as well as Roger Ebert’s “Great Movies” list. The Great Gatsby (1974) 2. The Conversation. The movie was a critical success and Coppola won his first Palme d'Or at the 1974 Cannes Film Festival. it was ranked third. It has been selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry. Coppola insisted that this was purely coincidental. In the director’s commentary on the DVD edition of the film (released in 2002). as the audience would supposedly believe that. having already seen The Godfather. Coppola states that this film was the first major motion picture to use “Part II” in its title. however.2. and that I'd ever get another job. the audience interpreted the film to be a reaction to both the Watergate scandal and its fallout. two other directors have done the same: Herbert Ross in 1977 with The Goodbye Girl and The Turning Point. is the only one to have produced the pictures. The script for The Conversation. According to Coppola. The Conversacommentary track to the DVD of The Godfather Coppola tion and The Godfather Part II. Since Coppola. and I was basically frightened that they didn't like it. the film received widespread praise.5 CAREER The Godfather Part II (1974) Main article: The Godfather Part II Coppola shot The Godfather Part II parallel to The Conversation and it was the last major American motion picture to be filmed in Technicolor.2. referring to the movie’s portrayal of two parallel storylines. In addition. However. and the third one was born during that. It went on to win multiple awards. Coppola wrote the screenplay for The Great Gatsby. Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Director. Paramount was initially opposed to his decision to name the movie The Godfather Part II.

3. Rumble Fish centres on the relationship between a revered former gang leader (Mickey Rourke) and his younger brother. he directed The Outsiders. whose mere 'executive producer' credit is just a technicality. there were too many of us. After filming Apocalypse Now. The Outsiders is notable for being the breakout film for a number of young actors who would go on to become major stars.” The film was overwhelmingly lauded by critics when it finally appeared in 1979 and was selected for the 1979 Cannes Film Festival.[52] 2. Matt Dillon and several others also In 2001.[15] In addition Cop- Rumble Fish (1983) Main article: Rumble Fish Rumble Fish was based on the novel of the same name by S. he quipped:[42] “My film is not about Vietnam. Coppola credited his inspiration for making the film to a suggestion from middle school students who had read the novel.[18] He would spend the rest of the decade working to pay off his debts. E.[49] far from enough to recoup the costs incurred in the production of the movie and he was forced to sell his 23-acre Zoetrope Studio in 1983. Coppola re-released Apocalypse Now as starred in Coppola’s related film. (Zoetrope Studios finally filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy in 1990.796 against a US$26 million budget. restoring several sequences lost also based on a S. too much equipment and little by little.[15] His musical fantasy One from the Heart. These included major roles for Matt Dillon.3. Coppola co-directed Hammett along with Wim Wenders in the same year. It was delayed so often it was nicknamed Apocalypse When?[42] The 1991 documentary film Hearts of Darkness: A Filmmaker’s Apocalypse.3 1980s success. nervous breakdowns. winning the Palme d'Or along with The Tin Drum. the firing of Harvey Keitel.3. Emilio Estevez. ended with a disastrous box-office gross of $636. Hinton. Shot in black-and-white as an homage to German expressionist films. a film adaptation of the novel of the same name by S. extras from the Philippine military and half of the supplied helicopters leaving in the middle of scenes to go fight rebels and an unprepared Brando with a bloated appearance (which Coppola attempted to hide by shooting him in the shadows). which was Apocalypse Now Redux. E.”[50] 2. which was based upon a famous Robert Frost poem and performed for the movie by Stevie Wonder. E. drawing a revenue of $25 million[51] against a budget of $10 million. thereby expanding time as The Outsiders on-location in Tulsa. only 30 percent of Wenders’ footage remained and the rest was completely reshot by Coppola. Diane Lane and Tom Cruise. inits length to 200 minutes. earning a meagre $2. The film bombed at the box office. directed by Eleanor Coppola (Francis’s wife).2. Hinton.[15][44][45][46] Roger Ebert considers it to be the finest film on the Vietnam war and included it on his list for the 2002 Sight & Sound poll for the greatest movie of all time.3 1980s of Darkness set in Cambodia during the Vietnam War (Coppola himself briefly appears as a TV news director).5 million against a budget of $10 million[53] and once again aggravated Coppola’s financial troubles. Rob Lowe. .4 Apocalypse Now marked the end of the golden phase of Coppola’s career. 2. Also in the cast were Patrick Swayze. Rusty James (Matt Dillon). Thomas Howell. Rumble Fish. Ralph Macchio and C.2 Hammett (1982) Main article: Hammett (film) Following the disastrous One from the Heart.” Apocalypse Now's reputation has grown in time and it is now regarded by many as a masterpiece of the New Hollywood era and is frequently cited as one of the greatest movies ever made. Oklahoma. it is Vietnam. who also co-wrote the screenplay. directed by Volker Schlöndorff. The production of the film was plagued by numerous problems.1 One from the Heart (1982) Main article: One from the Heart 2. Carmine Coppola wrote and edited the musical score. Fax Bahr and George Hickenlooper. “by the time the final version was released in 1982. Hinton novel and filmed at the same from the original 1979 cut of the film. although pioneering the use of video-editing techniques which are standard practice in the film industry today.3 The Outsiders (1983) Main article: The Outsiders (film) In 1983. chronicles the difficulties the crew went through making Apocalypse Now and features behind-the-scenes footage filmed by Eleanor.3. Although Coppola was not credited for his effort. we went insane. The film was a moderate box-office 2. Martin Sheen's heart attack. we had access to too much money.[47][48] 5 pola himself was forced into US bankruptcy court three times over the next eight years. after which its name was changed to American Zoetrope). When the film screened at Cannes. according to one source. cluding the title song “Stay Gold”. including typhoons. Coppola famously stated:[43] “We were in the jungle.

3.9 Gardens of Stone (1987) Main article: Gardens of Stone The following year.”[60] Cage and Jim Carrey.11 New York Stories (1989) Main article: New York Stories In 1989 Coppola teamed up with fellow Oscar-winning In 1986. it’s by far ried starring Kathleen Turner.[56] In 1990. The movie was not a critical Godfather series: The Godfather Part III. a 17-minute anthology film called New York Stories. A biopic based on the life of Preston Tucker and his attempt to produce and market the Tucker '48. Coppola re-teamed with James Caan for Gardens of Stone.5 2 The Cotton Club (1984) CAREER success and performed poorly at the box office.[61] Despite this. including Best Director and Best Picture. However. he was able directors Martin Scorsese and Woody Allen for an to indulge himself by making Captain EO. although its $19. but the film was overshadowed by the death of Coppola’s eldest son Gian-Carlo Coppola during the film’s production. including Golden Globes for Best Director and Best Picture (Drama) and the Oscars for Best Film Editing and Best Art-Direction.3. Much like The Outsiders and Rumble Fish.4 1990s back and provided Kathleen Turner her first and only Oscar nomination.3. The film was nominated for several awards.4.3.3.1 The Godfather Part III (1990) Coppola since Apocalypse Now[55] and the film ranked number 17 on Entertainment Weekly 's list of “50 Best Main article: The Godfather Part III High School Movies”. It was the first box-office success for 2. The Godfather Part III went on to gather 7 Academy Award nominations. Peggy Sue Got Married centered around teenage youth.65 million Main article: Rip Van Winkle box office was a disappointment. The film earned Coppola positive feed.3. Budgeted at $24 million.[33] 2. Coppola had originally conceived the project as a musical with Marlon Brando after the release of The Godfather Part II.6 2. Coppola’s nephew Nicolas the director’s worst work yet.6 Rip Van Winkle (1984) received positive reviews and earned three nominations at the 62nd Academy Awards.Sofia.10 Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988) Main article: Tucker: The Man and His Dream Coppola directed Tucker: The Man and His Dream the following year. where Harry Dean Stanton for Best Production Design.9 million of the $47.[61][62][63] it was still a box office success.[64] Some reviewers criticized the casting of Coppola’s daughter Sofia. recouping only $25.7 Captain EO (1986) Main article: Captain EO 2. starring his sister Talia cian Michael Jackson. Co-written with his daughter In 1986 Coppola released the comedy Peggy Sue Got Mar. earning only $5. along with producer George Lucas.3. Coppola directed space fantasy for Disney theme parks starring pop musithe Life Without Zoë segment. Life Without Zoë was mostly panned by critics and was generally considered the segment that brought 2. 2.9 million privately invested by brothers Fred and Ed Doumani. earning a revenue of $136 million against a budget of $54 million.2. he released the third and final chapter of The 2.6 million against a budget of $13 million. the film 2. the film failed miserably at the box-office. The film failed to win any of . Shire and also co-wrote the film with his daughter Sofia Coppola.[57] Main article: The Cotton Club (film) In 1984 Coppola directed the Robert Evans-produced The Cotton Club. the film is a mystifying embarrassment. Ultimately it was Jeff Bridges who played the role of Preston Tucker. Two awards came its way: Martin Landau won the Golden Globe for Best SupThe same year he directed an episode of Faerie Tale Theporting Actor and Dean Tavoularis took BAFTA’s honors atre entitled Rip Van Winkle.8 Peggy Sue Got Married (1986) the film’s overall quality down.[58][59] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post wrote a particularly scathing review. who had stepped into the leading role of Mary Corleone which had been abandoned by Winona Ryder just as filming began. Main article: Peggy Sue Got Married stating that “It’s impossible to know what Francis Coppola’s Life Without Zoë is. [54] played the lead role. While not as critically acclaimed as the first two films.

By keeping all of the little people in focus. grossing $82.5 Pinocchio dispute with Warner Bros. so at the age of ten he looks like a 40-year-old man.862. 2. 1996. with Keanu Reeves. the only film in the trilogy to do so.[65] Coppola cast Gary Oldman in the film’s title role.4. 2.[73] This would be more than the estimated production budget of $40 million. Winona Ryder and Anthony Hopkins in supporting roles. Although ridiculed for making the film..[67] making it the 9th highest grossing film of the year worldwide. It starred Robin Williams as Jack Pow.902 for a total worldwide gross of $215. Brian Kerwin and Bill Cosby.4.3 Jack (1996) The last film Coppola directed in the 90s. With Diane Lane. a ten-year-old boy whose cells are growing at four dren’s novel The Secret Garden. it was intended to be more faithful to the book than previous film adaptations. was based on the 1995 novel of the same name by John Grisham.[68] The film won Academy Awards for Costume Design. but a disappointment compared with previous films adapted from a Grisham novel. 2..522. “To me it’s the best adaptation of any of [my books].”[70] James Berardinelli also gave the film three stars out of four.. earning an 88% rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The movie became a box-office hit.4 1990s 7 times the normal rate. Jack also featured Jennifer Lopez. saying that “the intelligence and subtlety of The Rainmaker took me by surprise” and that the film “stands above any other filmed Grisham adaptation”. The Rainmaker. many of whom disliked the film’s abrupt contrast between actual comedy and tragic melodrama. it was panned by critics. Coppola has defended it. Fran Drescher and Michael McKean in supporting roles. the film was well received by critics. I love the movie. Coppola and Coppola’s next project was Jack.. An ensemble courtroom drama. He had been friends with Robin Williams for many years and had always wanted to work with him as an actor. Coppola directed and produced Bram Stoker’s Dracula.[66] It fared even better overseas grossing $133. When Williams was offered the screenplay for Jack he said he would only agree to do it if Coppola agreed to sign on as director. where every client is necessary and most of them need a lot more than a lawyer. remarking: “I have enjoyed several of the movies based on Grisham novels. It’s so well done. In the late 1980s.692 against a budget of $40 million.790 domestically. saying he is not ashamed of the final cut of the movie. grossing $58 million domestically on an estimated $45 million budget. 2. Most critics felt that the screenplay was poorly written.”[72] The film grossed about $45 million domestically. not funny and the dramatic material was unconvincing and unbelievable. began discussing the project as well as two August 9.[69] Roger Ebert gave The Rainmaker three stars out of four. These discussions led Main article: Jack (1996 film) . Makeup and Sound Editing.4. Edgar Hoover and the chilell.2 Bram Stoker’s Dracula (1992) Main article: Bram Stoker’s Dracula In 1992. Adapted from Bram Stoker's novel.2. but I've usually seen the storyteller’s craft rather than the novelist’s art being reflected. Coppola shows the variety of a young lawyer’s life. making it the 15th highest-grossing film of the year.4 The Rainmaker (1997) Main article: The Rainmaker (1997 film) Francis Ford Coppola at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival these awards.others: involving the life of J. Although a moderate box-office success.4. Other critics felt that Coppola was too talented to be making this type of film. which was released on Warner Bros. in which Tom Hanks also played a child in a grown man’s body. It was also unfavourably compared with the 1988 film Big.339.[71] Grisham said of the film. Coppola started considering concepts for a motion picture based upon the 19th century novel The Adventures of Pinocchio and in 1991.

1996.6/10. The story follows the rivalries born out of creative differences passed down through generations of an artistic Italian immigrant family.) But. The film was poorly reviewed. based on the novella of the same name by Romanian author Mircea Eliade.1 2000s Youth Without Youth (2007) Main article: Youth Without Youth (film) After a 10-year hiatus.2 Tetro (2009) Main article: Tetro In 2009. in mid-1991. with the reunion of two brothers. On Metacritic. The TV program was never produced.5. melodrama. he frequently has trouble delivering the full goods. (A film was eventually to be made by Clint Eastwood in 2011 as J. Coppola announced his plans to produce his own films in order to avoid the marketing input that goes into most films and so trying to make them appeal to too wide an audience.[79] As a result. the Rotten Tomatoes consensus was: “A complex meditation on family dynamics. Coppola sought at least $250. praising Ehrenreich’s .[77] 2. Coppola and Sagan were to split proceeds from the project with American Zoetrope and Children’s Television Workshop Productions.[75] Under their development agreement.5. Simon & Schuster published Sagan’s Contact and Warner Bros. involving family drama.[83] Todd McCarthy of Variety gave the film a B+ judging that “when Coppola finds creative nirvana. Main article: Contact During the filming of Contact on December 28. 2.4. Coppola filed a lawsuit against Carl Sagan and Warner Bros.[81] Rotten Tomatoes reported that 68% of critics gave positive reviews based on 71 reviews with an average score of 5. moved forward with development of a film adaptation.[74] The parties deferred this issue and finally a settlement was reached in 1998. Coppola and Warners came to disagreement over the compensation to be paid to Coppola for his directing services on Pinocchio. 2. praising the film for being “boldly operatic.”[84] Richard Corliss of TIME gave the film a mixed review. secrets.5 2.”[82] Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3 stars.8 2 CAREER to negotiations for Coppola to both produce and direct the Pinocchio project for Warners. Sagan had died a week earlier[75][76] and Coppola claimed that Sagan’s novel Contact was based on a story the pair had developed for a television special back in 1975. when the jurors in the resultant court case awarded Coppola $20 million as compensation for losing the Pinocchio film project. stemming from his charges that Warner Bros.6 Contact dispute with Carl Sagan/Warner Bros. However. they also awarded him a further $60 million in punitive damages on top. Edgar.”[80] The film received generally positive reviews from critics.[78] It was made for about $19 million and was given a limited release. Francis Ford Coppola at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival. sabotaged his intended version. but in 1985. Tetro's arresting visuals and emotional core compensate for its uneven narrative. Ebert also praised Vincent Gallo's performance and claimed that Alden Ehrenreich is “the new Leonardo DiCaprio".759 at the box-office. generations at war. the film has an average metascore of 63% based on 19 reviews. as well as The Secret Garden (which was made in 1993 and produced by American Zoetrope. the case was dismissed in February 1998 because Coppola had waited too long to file suit.624. as well as any novel Sagan would write. titled First Contact. Coppola released Tetro. which never came to fruition. but directed by Agnieszka Holland) and Hoover. It was “set in Argentina.000 in compensatory damages and an injunction against production or distribution of the film.[82] Overall. only managing $2. Coppola returned to film direction with Youth Without Youth in 2007. romance and violence”. which was distributed by Warners. currently holding a 30% 'rotten' rating on Rotten Tomatoes. This is the largest civil financial verdict ever against a Hollywood studio.[75] Even though Sagan was shown to have violated some of the terms of the agreement.

5. a literary magazine. when in 1975 he purchased the former home and adjoining vineyard of Gustave Niebaum in Rutherford.”[85] It has made $2.2 Zoetrope Virtual Studio George Altamura.4 Uptown Theater 3 3. which from the early 1980s was a family retreat until it was opened to the public in 1993 as a 20-room luxury resort[101] and The Turtle Inn. the culmination of more than four years work. directors. It includes films and videos. Launched in June 2000.000.636. starring Val Kilmer. expanded his business ventures to include winemaking in California’s Napa Valley. but claiming Coppola “has made a movie in which plenty happens. Its grapes are now entirely organTwixt.[89] but mostly negative reviews elsewhere. When he purchased the former Inglenook Winery chateau in 1995.1 Winery The Francis Ford Coppola Winery near Geyserville. However.5 Francis Ford Coppola Presents Coppola is also the owner of Francis Ford Coppola Presents. 3.[92] After purchasing the property. it brings together departments for screenwriters.6.[103] Jardin Escondido . It received critical acclaim in France. including Vito Corleone's desk from The Godfather and a restored 1948 Tucker Sedan as used in Tucker: The Man and His Dream. with his family. in Placencia. California in order to create a live entertainment venue. plus new departments for other creative endeavours. along with several other scripts for potential projects at their newly founded company. His company American Zoetrope also administers the innovative Zoetrope Virtual Studio. Filmmaker members can workshop a wide range of film arts. On 11 April 2011. a complete motion picture production studio for members only.most-widely-selling wines in US restaurants.[2] 3.[99] where he has opened a family-friendly facility.ically grown and its Inglenook Chablis is one of the five ley and Bruce Dern and narrated by Tom Waits. wife and children stomping the grapes barefoot and every year the family has a harvest party to continue the tradition. for the trademark than he did for the entire estate[95] and announced that Main article: Twixt (film) the estate would once again be known by its historic original name. bocce courts and a restaurant. La Lancha in Lago Petén Itzá. was re. Shortly after completion of production they brought the finished film to Warner Bros.774 worldwide. Coppola acquired the iconic Inglenook 2. as well as insisting on cutting five minutes from the film.5. he said. Elle Fanning..[97] 3. including music.[102] (both of which have won several prestigious awards including “Travel + Leisure’s World’s Best: Best Resort in Central & South America”). The winery displays several of Coppola’s Oscars along with memorabilia from his movies. 3.[93] he re2.000. he produced wine under the Niebaum-Coppola label. American Zoetrope. Inglenook. producers and other filmmaker artists.1 Twixt (2011) trademark[94] paying more. Joanne Whal. including THX and demanded that Coppola repay the $300. resorts. Belize.[100] with swimming pools.[96] leased to film festivals in late 2011[88] and was released theatrically in early 2012.4 Uptown Theater performance.6 2010s named the winery Rubicon Estate Winery in 2006. graphics. Guatemala. The Blancaneaux Lodge in Belize.000 they had loaned him for the Zoetrope studio. cafes. 3. Coppola and George Lucas co-produced the latter’s first film.2 Resorts design and film and video. a real estate developer announced in 2003 that he had partnered with several people including Francis Ford Coppola in a project to restore the Uptown Theater in downtown Napa. a lifestyle brand under which he markets goods from companies he owns or controls. California using proceeds from the first movie in the Godfather trilogy. offering powerful e-collaborative tools.3.[91] His winery produced its first vintage in 1977 Included in the Francis Ford Coppola Presents lifestyle brand are several hotels and resorts around the world. studio executives strongly disliked all the scripts. THX 1138. California.[87] 9 with the help of his father. is influenced by the idea of the Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen.[86] against a budget of $5. a line of pastas and pasta sauces called Mammarella Foods and a winery.[98] located on the former Chateau Souverain Winery.1 Commercial ventures American Zoetrope In 1971.3 Inglenook Winery Coppola. but nothing rings true. The debt nearly closed Zoetrope and forced Coppola to reluctantly focus on The Godfather.[90] 3.

Apocalypse Now and Patton featured in the Writers Guild of America. Alice Munro.[109] Andy Garcia has since claimed the film’s script was nearly produced. Each issue is designed. and Edward Albee. Over the years.5 million on this venture. he was honored with the Berlinale Camera at the Berlin International Film Festival. Coppola owns a restaurant named Cafe Zoetrope. Coppola serves as founding editor and publisher of All-Story.100 Movies: The Godfather (at #2). Apocalypse Now (at #28) and The Godfather Part II (at #32).[115] • He also ranked #9 in toptenreviews’ list of top directors of all time[116] and at #21 in Entertainment Weekly's top 50 directors of all time. a story about the aftermath and reconstruction of New York City after a megadisaster. the project was suddenly seen as being too sensitive. Marjane Satrapi.[114] • He featured at #17 in MovieMaker Magazine's 25 most influential directors of all-time. Tom Waits. including Mike Thompson and Nancy Pelosi for the U. House of Representatives and Barbara Boxer and Alan Cranston for the U.3 Cafe and restaurant In San Francisco.. David Byrne. Rubicon closed in August 2008. Laurie Anderson. including ones from Mario Vargas Llosa. Senate. Previous guest designers include Gus Van Sant. David Mamet.. such as Woody Allen. Italy. The magazine publishes fiction by emerging writers alongside more recognizable names.[118] • Three of his films feature in AFI’s 100 Years.[117] • Four of Coppola’s films. Haruki Murakami.S. Margaret Atwood.[111] In 2007 he stated that “I have abandoned that as of now. Francis Coppola has given political contributions to several candidates of the Democratic Party.10 5 HONORS 4 Other ventures Coppola stated that The Godfather Part IV was never made as Mario Puzo died before they had a chance to write the film. The Godfather Part II.[106] It serves traditional Italian cuisine and wine from his personal estate vineyard and bottling company. a literary magazine devoted to short stories and design. • In 1991. Guillermo del Toro.”[112] Palazzo Margherita in Bernalda.S.[110] For quite some time.5. one usually working outside his / her expected field. and Salman Rushdie.[109] He was the jury president at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival and he also took part as a special guest at the 46th International Thessaloniki Film Festival in Greece.[105] 3. Coppola co-owned the Rubicon restaurant in San Francisco along with Robin Williams and Robert De Niro.4 Literary publications He brought out the San Francisco-based City Magazine in the 1970s. The Conversation (1974) – Director/Producer/Screenwriter. Argentina[104] in Bernalda. West list of 101 greatest screenplays ever. but after the city was hit by the real life disaster and Palazzo Margherita of September 11. Steven Spielberg. in its entirety. For 14 years from 1994. Coppola ranked #4 in the Directors’ top ten directors of all time[113] and #10 in the Critics’ top ten directors of all time. 5 Honors • In the 2002 poll of the Sight and Sound publication. which I'm sure it might. but lost $1. as well as essays. Don DeLillo. Patton (1970) – Screenwriter. and Dennis Hopper. The Godfather. by a prominent artist. David Bowie. Coppola founded Zoetrope: All-Story. he had been planning to direct an epic movie named Megalopolis.5.[108] In 1997. I'll see what makes sense to me. located in the Sentinel Building where American Zoetrope is based.[107] 3. I plan to begin a process of making one personal movie after another and if something leads me back to look at that. The Godfather also ranks at #11 in AFI’s 100 Years…100 Thrills.[119] . The following Coppola films were also nominated for the list: American Graffiti (1973) – Producer. owned by Coppola in Buenos Aires. Mary Gaitskill.

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. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 2008 • 2007 Francis Ford Coppola Video Interview with InterviewingHollywood. Archived from the original on 6 September 2010. YouTube video posted on November 24. Archived from the original on 2012-05-27. Retrieved 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2010-10-27. Retrieved 2010-10-19. Retrieved 2013-01-31. Kevin Brownlow Gets Honorary Oscar”.com/oscars/osc-curi. Retrieved 2010-21-18. Retrieved 2010-10-18. [113] “The Directors’ Top Ten Directors”. html?idCategoria=0&fechaDesde=&especifica=0& texto=&fechaHasta=&tipo=0 [131] “13th Moscow International Film Festival (1983)". [124] “Francis Ford Coppola. Praemium Imperiale”.es/en/communication/ francis-ford-coppola-princess-of-asturias-award-for-the-arts. [123] “Honorary Oscars for film legends Coppola. Retrieved 2010-10-18. ISBN 9780-275-92910-7. 10 EXTERNAL LINKS 9 Further reading • Jeffrey Chown (May 1988).com/watch/nbc-news-channel/ meet-the-newest-california-hall-of-fame-inductees-336834115568 [129] http://www. Godard”. Hollywood auteur: Francis Coppola. 2012 • Works by Francis Ford Coppola at Open Library [122] “Oscar 2011: Francis Ford Coppola Gets Thalberg Award.htm [130] http://www. Retrieved 2013-10-25. 2010. • “Back to Bernalda” by Coppola. MIFF. [126] “Francis Ford Coppola.nbcnews. Archived from the original on 21 February 2014. [127] Honorary Consulates of Belize from Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Belize) [128] http://www. Retrieved 2010-10-19. MIFF. 2012-0417.fpa. Retrieved 2013-10-25. Retrieved 2013-05-25.14 [111] “10 Best Films Never Made”.com. [118] “101 Greatest Screenplays”. Bangstyle. 2013 Theatre/ Film. Retrieved 2010-10-18. 2013 Laureate of Theatre/Film”. Retrieved 2010-10-18. [132] “15th Moscow International Film Festival (1987)". Retrieved October 18. [114] “The Critics’ Top Ten Directors”. Check date values in: |access-date= (help) 10 External links • Francis Ford Coppola at the Internet Movie Database • Francis Ford Coppola at AllMovie • Francis Ford Coppola: Texas Monthly Talks.com [119] “Francis Ford Coppola”. [116] “Top Director All Time List”. Praeger Publishers. • Bibliography at the University of California Berkeley Library [120] “44th Antalya Golden Orange Film Festival Kicks off”. • “Perfecting the Rubicon: An interview with Francis Ford Coppola” [121] “Oscar 2011: Francis Ford Coppola Gets Thalberg Award. T (International Herald Tribune Style Magazine). Retrieved 2010-10-18. [117] “Entertainment Weekly’s 50 Greatest Directors”. Archived from the original on 19 August 2010.eudesign. [125] “2013 Praemium Imperiale Press Conference”. [112] “Francis Ford Coppola Says He Has Abandoned 'Megalopolis’ Project”. Kevin Brownlow Gets Honorary Oscar”. December 8. [115] “25 Most Influential Directors of All-Time (ranked) – MovieMaker Magazine”. Retrieved 2010-12-11. Retrieved 2013-02-21.

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