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6/28/2015

PS201Chapter2Test:PS201(Summer201541852)USPolitics

PS201Chapter2Test
Due Sep4at11:59pm
AllowedAttempts 2

Points 100

Questions 50

Available Jun22at12amSep4at11:59pm2months

TimeLimit 60Minutes

TaketheQuizAgain

AttemptHistory

Attempt

Time

Score

LATEST

Attempt1

24minutes

90outof100

Correctanswersarehidden.
Scoreforthisattempt:90outof100
SubmittedJun28at11:46am
Thisattempttook24minutes.

Question1

2/2pts

TheStampActwasa

taxoncommerce.
prohibitiononallunofficialmail.
lawpermittingtheCrowntoopenmail.
prohibitiononalcohol.
taxonsugar,molasses,andothercommodities.

Question2

2/2pts

TheeventsthatledtotheRevolutionaryWarweretriggeredbywhichofthefollowing?

TheBritishraisedrevenuebyincreasingthetaxrateofthecolonies.
TheBritishhadestablishedsuspiciousallianceswithIndiantribesduringtheFrenchandIndianWars.
AmericanseparatistsassassinatedKingGeorgeIII.
ProtestantfundamentalistsinNewEnglandattemptedtoestablishatheocracy.
TheBritishattemptedtoendslaveryinthecolonies.

Question3

2/2pts

ThefirstwrittenconstitutionfortheUnitedStateswascalledthe________.

MagnaCarta

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BillofRights
ArticlesofConfederation
Constitution
DeclarationofIndependence

Question4

2/2pts

HowwaspoliticalpowerinCongressdividedundertheArticlesofConfederation?

Eachstatehadanequalvote.
Eachstate"svoteswereproportionatetoitspopulation.
ThestateswerenotformallyrepresentedinCongress.
Eachstate"spowerdependedonitsgeographicsize.
Eachstate"spowerdependedonitseconomicwealth.

Question5

2/2pts

UndertheArticlesofConfederation,itwaslefttothe________toexecutethelawspassedbyCongress.

states
councilofpresidents
courts
bureaucracy
president

Question6

2/2pts

WhatledBritishofficialstoraisetaxesontheAmericancolonistsduringthe1760s?

theamountspentonfightingtheFrenchandIndianWars
thecostofwaragainstNapoleoninEurope
theexpensesincurredincolonizingSouthAfrica
theextensiveroadsandcanalsbuiltbytheBritishinNorthAmerica
thedesiretopenalizethecolonistsfortheiractionsduringtheBostonTeaParty

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Question7

2/2pts

The1787conventiontodraftanewconstitutionwasheldin________.

Boston
NewYorkCity
Philadelphia
Washington,DC
Richmond,VA

Question8

2/2pts

TheThreefifthsCompromise

determinedthatthreeoutofeveryfiveslaveswouldbecountedforpurposesofrepresentationandtaxation.
determinedtheratiobetweenfreestatesandslavestates.
createdabicamerallegislature.

declaredthatthestateswouldpaythreefifthsoftheRevolutionaryWardebtandthefederalgovernmentwouldpay
therest.

determinedthatallAmericancitizenswouldpaythreefifthsoftheirincomestothefederalgovernmentintaxesevery
year.

Question9

2/2pts

AccordingtohistorianCharlesBeard,theframersoftheConstitutionweremostlyconcernedwith

establishingprinciplesofgoodgovernment.
pursuingmilitarygloryandimperialism.
promotingtheirowneconomicinterests.
creatingareligiouscommunity.
creatingaformofgovernmentthatmaximizedpopularsovereignty.

Question10

2/2pts

AtthePhiladelphiaConvention,theproposedplantocreateaCongresswhererepresentationwasdistributedaccordingtopopulationwas
calledthe________.

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VirginiaPlan
MasonProposal
NewHampshirePlan
MorrisPlan
NewJerseyPlan

Question11

2/2pts

WhatdidtheNewJerseyPlanproposeforCongress?

Representationwouldbeequalforeachstate.
Representationwouldbeapportionedaccordingtopopulation.
Representationwouldbeproportionatetotheshareoftaxespaidbyeachstatetothefederalgovernment.
ThepowersofCongresswouldcheckthoseofstatelegislatures.
RepresentativestoCongresswouldbeappointedbythestatelegislatures.

Question12

2/2pts

Theissueofrepresentation,whichthreatenedtocausethePhiladelphiaConventiontofail,wasresolvedbythe________.

NewJerseyPlan
ConnecticutCompromise
PennsylvaniaCompromise
DelawareDeal
VirginiaPlan

Question13

2/2pts

JamesMadisonbelievedthatthegreatestconflictofinterestsinthePhiladelphiaConventionwasbetween________and________.

largestatessmallstates
northernstatessouthernstates
thewealthythepoor
CatholicsProtestants
farmersmerchants

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Question14

2/2pts

Shays"sRebellionwasanattemptto

preventthestateofMassachusettsfromforeclosingonthelandsofdebtriddenfarmers.
invadeNewEnglandbyroyalistsfromCanada.
overthrowthefederalgovernmentundertheArticlesofConfederation.
bringaGeorgianslaverevolttoVirginia.
forcetheBritishgovernmenttorescindtheTeaAct.

Question15

2/2pts

Bicameralismisaconstitutionalprinciplethatmeansthedivisionof

nationalgovernmentintotwobranches.
thepowersoftheexecutivebranchbetweentwoindividuals:thepresidentandthevicepresident.
thepowersoftheexecutivebranchbetweentwoindividuals:theheadofstateandtheheadofgovernment.
Congressintotwochambers.
thefederalcourtsystemintotwolevels:theSupremeCourtandtheappellatecourts.

Question16

2/2pts

TheabilityofthepresidenttovetoabillpassedbyCongressisagoodexampleof________.

separationofpowers
federalism
checksandbalances
civilliberties
arepublicanformofgovernment

Question17

2/2pts

Theelectoralcollegeis

anexpressionofdirectdemocracy.
designedtoselecttheU.S.president.
establishedintheBillofRights.

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theinstitutionthatoriginallyselectedU.S.senators.
thefederalorganizationthatoverseestheoperationofallelectionsheldintheUnitedStates.

Question18

2/2pts

ThethreebranchesofgovernmentcreatedbytheConstitutionare

constitutional,elected,andappointed.
executive,legislative,andjudicial.
federal,state,andlocal.
military,courts,andbureaucracy.
economic,political,andsocial.

Question19

2/2pts

Thesystemofsharedpowers,dividedbetweenacentralgovernmentandthestates,iscalled________.

theelectoralcollege
federalism
statism
checksandbalances
theseparationofpowers

Question20

2/2pts

Whatisthetermlengthofafederaljudge?

twoyears
fouryears
sixyears
tenyears
barringimpeachment,life

Question21

2/2pts

Whichofthefollowingwasdesignedbytheframerstobeanofficedirectlyelectedbythepeople?

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amemberoftheU.S.HouseofRepresentatives
aU.S.senator
aU.S.president
afederalcourtjudge
aU.S.vicepresident

Incorrect

Question22

0/2pts

Whichofthefollowingpossessesthesolepowertocreaterevenuebills?

theU.S.HouseofRepresentatives
theU.S.Senate
theU.S.president
theOfficeofManagementandBudget
theU.S.TreasuryDepartment

Question23

2/2pts

AlexanderHamiltonarguedthatthechiefexecutiveofficeshouldpossess________.

popularity
judgment
energy
gravitas
integrity

Question24

2/2pts

AllofthefollowingareconstitutionalpowersofthepresidentEXCEPTthepowerto________.

officiallyrecognizeothernations
grantpardons
vetobills
regulatecommercebetweenthestates
conveneCongressinspecialsession

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Question25

2/2pts

Judicialreviewisthepowerof

thecourtstodecideontheconstitutionalityofactionstakenbytheotherbranchesofgovernment.
Congresstoreviewthedecisionsofthefederalcourts.
thepresidenttoappointjudgestothefederalcourts.
thestatestoreviewtheconstitutionalityoffederalactionsandlaws.
thecourtstoreviewandeditpiecesoflegislationbeforetheyarevotedoninCongress.

Question26

2/2pts

Whose'politicalgospel'inspiredtheframerstoadopttheconceptoftheseparationofpowers?

Aristotle
Voltaire
Machiavelli
Montesquieu
Hobbes

Question27

2/2pts

Montesquieucalled________theprincipleofgivingeachbranchofgovernmentitsownconstituency.

tyranny
democracy
amixedregime
arepublic
asystemoffederalism

Question28

2/2pts

Thedecisiontogivethenationalgovernmentcontrolovercommerceandfinancewasmotivatedprimarilybytheframers"desireto

endslaveryintheUnitedStates.
eliminatestateandlocalgovernments.
promoteeconomicdevelopmentandprotectpropertyfromradicalstatelegislatures.

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buildinternationalalliances.
guaranteeeconomicequalityforallcitizens.

Question29

2/2pts

TheframersoftheU.S.Constitutionintendedtocreateapresidencycapableof

completelydominatingCongress.
withstandingexcessivepopularpressurebymakingitsubjecttoindirectelectionthroughtheelectoralcollege.
spendingmoneywithlittleinterferencefromanyotherbranchofgovernment.
regulatingallformsofcommerce.
declaringwaronanycountrythatposesathreattoAmericannationalsecurity.

Question30

2/2pts

OnlyonethirdoftheSenateisupforreelectionduringanysingleelectionyearbecausetheframersbelievedthat

toomanyelectionswouldbedifficultforthestatestorun.
thevotersshouldnothavetomaketoomanydecisionsduringanysingleelection.
thiswastheonlywaytoprotecttheSenateagainstradicalchanges.
thestatelegislatureswouldconspirewitheachothertoelectaSenatedominatedbyasingleparty.
thiswouldmakemembersoftheSenatemoreresponsivetothepreferencesoftheirconstituents.

Question31

2/2pts

WhydidthedelegatesatthePhiladelphiaConventionturndowntheideaofincludingalistofcitizens"rightsintheConstitution?

Theybelievedthatprotectingcitizens"rightswasnotanimportantresponsibilityforgovernment.
Theybelievedthatsuchalistwouldlimiteconomicdevelopment.

Theybelievedthatsincethefederalgovernmentwasalreadylimitedtoitsexpressedpowers,furtherprotectionof
citizenswasnotneeded.

Theybelievedthatcitizensshouldvotedirectlyonwhichrightsshouldbeprotected.
Theybelievedthatsuchalistwouldmakegovernmenttooweaktoprotectnationalsecurity.

Incorrect

Question32

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0/2pts

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WhichofthefollowingistrueabouttheArticlesofConfederation?

Therewerenofederalcourts.
TherewasaSupremeCourtatthefederallevel.
Therewasanexecutivecouncilofthreepeople.
Congressdidnothavethepowertotax.
Federallawsupersededstatelaw.

Question33

2/2pts

Theframersemployedtheseparationofpowersandfederalisminorderto

preventthenewgovernmentfromabusingitspower.
endtheslavetrade.
createareplicaoftheBritishpoliticalsystem.
maximizepopularsovereignty.
promoteeconomicequalityamongallcitizens.

Question34

2/2pts

WhichofthefollowingstatementsabouttheU.S.HouseandtheU.S.SenateisFALSE?

TheSenatehasthepowertoratifytreatieswhiletheHousedoesnot.
TheSenatehasthepowertoapprovepresidentialappointmentswhiletheHousedoesnot.
TheHousehasthepowertooverturnapresident"svetowhiletheSenatedoesnot.
TheHousehasthepowertooriginaterevenuebillswhiletheSenatedoesnot.
MembersoftheHousehavetwoyeartermswhilesenatorshavesixyearterms.

Incorrect

Question35

0/2pts

WhichofthefollowingwasawaytheframerstriedtomaketheSenateacheckagainstexcessivedemocracy?

Senatorswereoriginallyappointedbystatelegislatures
SenatorshaveshortertermsthanmembersoftheHouseofRepresentatives.
Senatorsweredirectlyelectedbythepeople.
Senatorsaretheonlyofficialsimmunefromimpeachment.
OnlytheSenatehasthepowertocreaterevenuebills.

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Question36

2/2pts

TheframersoftheU.S.ConstitutionattemptedtocreateagovernmentthatcoulddoallofthefollowingEXCEPT

promotecommerce.
protectprivatepropertyfromradicalstatelegislatures.
limitexcessivedemocracy.
restrictthepowerofthecentralgovernment.
leadtotheeventualinclusionofnonwhitesinpoliticallife.

Question37

2/2pts

ComparedwiththeArticlesofConfederation,federalismundertheConstitutionhasledto

greatercentralizationofpower.
increasedstateautonomy.
theestablishmentofunitarygovernment.
morelocalautonomy,attheexpenseofthestates.
aweakernationalmilitary.

Question38

2/2pts

Thesupremacyclause

statesthatCongressisthemostpowerfulbranchofthegovernment.
establishesthatnobranchofgovernmentissupremeoverothers.
announcesthattheConstitutionandalllawsmadeunderitaresuperiortoanystatelaws.
announcesthatstatelawsaresuperiortoanyfederallaws.
declaresthatnoEuropeanpowersshallinterfereinNorthAmerica.

Question39

2/2pts

Duringtheratificationdebates,whoweretheAntifederalists?

thosewhoopposedthenewConstitutionbecausetheywantedaweakercentralgovernment
thosewhoopposedtheConstitutionbecauseitdidnotcreateastrongenoughcentralgovernment

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thosewhoopposedtheConstitutionbecauseitdidnotprovidewomenwiththerighttovote
thosewhosupportedtheConstitution
thosewhobelievedthattheUnitedStatesshouldenterintoaconfederationwithBritainandCanada

Question40

2/2pts

WhowerethewritersoftheFederalistPapers?

JamesMadison,JohnJay,andAlexanderHamilton
JohnAdams,BenjaminFranklin,andThomasJefferson
GeorgeWashington,SamuelAdams,andWilliamPaterson
CharlesBeard,DanielShays,andPaulRevere
JamesMadison,JohnAdams,andThomasJefferson

Question41

2/2pts

DuringthenationaldebateoverratificationofthenewConstitution,theFederalists

supportedareturntotheArticlesofConfederation.
opposedtheConstitutionandpreferreddecentralizedgovernment.
supportedtheConstitutionandpreferredastrongnationalgovernment.
supportedareturntoBritishrule.
refusedtosupporttheConstitutionunlessaBillofRightswasadded.

Question42

2/2pts

TheFederalistsbelievedthatthemostapparentsourceoftyrannywas________.

thekingofGreatBritain
thepopularmajority
thenorthernmerchants
GeorgeWashington
thelandowningelite

Question43

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TheAntifederalistsarguedthatthepowersofgovernmentshouldbelimitedby

providingCongresswithalargergrantofpowers.
decreasingthepowersoftheexecutivebranch,especiallythoseofthevicepresident.

bothconfiningthepowersofthefederalgovernmenttocertainnarrowlydefinedareasandaddingabillofrightstothe
Constitution.

creatinganinternalsystemofchecksandcontrolswithingovernment.
preventinggovernmentfromcollectingrevenuethroughtaxation.

Incorrect

Question44

0/2pts

Theideaofa'livingconstitution'means

theConstitutionshouldbecontinuallyamendedtokeepupwiththetimes.
thejudiciarycanshapetheinterpretationoftheConstitutioninlinewithcontemporaryproblemsandvalues.
eachgenerationmustdesignitsownconstitution.
onlyanunwrittenconstitutioncangrowwithapeople.
thepresidentcanmakechangestotheConstitutionaftereachelection.

Question45

2/2pts

A________isapersonwhobelievesthattheU.S.Constitutionshouldnotbeamendedbyjudgesandthatjudgesshouldadherecloselyto
thedocument"stext.

strictconstructionist
federalist
supremacist
livingConstitutionalist
separationist

Question46

2/2pts

Thereare________amendmentstotheU.S.Constitution.

10
20
27

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33

Incorrect

Question47

0/2pts

OnereasonfortheConstitution"slongevityisthatit

didnotconferpermanentadvantageonanyonesetofeconomicorsocialforces.
immediatelyoutlawedslaveryonceratified.
immediatelygranteduniversalsuffrageonceratified.
gavethepublictheopportunitytodirectlyvoteonalllaws.
hasbeensuccessfullyamendedbycitizensthousandsoftimes.

Question48

2/2pts

ThemostimportantpoliticalvaluefortheframersoftheConstitutionwas________.

democracy
politicalequality
economicequality
individualliberty
civicvirtue

Question49

2/2pts

A________votebybothhousesofCongressandaratificationvoteof________ofthestatesarerequiredtoamendtheU.S.Constitution.

majorityamajority
twothirdsthreefourths
threefourthsamajority
majoritytwothirds
threefourthsthreefourths

Question50

2/2pts

ThemostcommonmethodofpassinganamendmenttotheConstitutionis

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passageinbothhousesofCongressbyatwothirdsvote,followedbyamajorityvoteinthreefourthsofthestate
legislature.

passageinbothhousesofCongressbyatwothirdsvote,followedbyratificationbythreefourthsofthestatesupreme
courts.

proposalbythepresident,whichissupportedbytwothirdsofthestatelegislatures.
passagebyaconstitutionalconvention,calledbythreefourthsofthestates.
passagebytheinitiativeprocessinthreefourthsofthestatesandunanimousapprovalbytheSupremeCourt.

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