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A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer
that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the
basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by
the instructions. The term has been used in the computer industry at least
since the early 1960s.[1] Traditionally, the term "CPU" refers to a processor,
more specifically to its processing unit and control unit (CU), distinguishing
these core elements of a computer from external components such as main
memory and I/O circuitry.

A RAM slot or what is sometimes called an expansion slot is a rectangular slot
that is built into the motherboard. A RAM slot is used to place expansion
cards in it, such as RAM cards to increase the amount of RAM that is on the
computer. The main purpose of the RAM slot or expansion slot, is just for the
user to be able to increase the amount of RAM on their computer.

A magnetic disk on which you can store computer data. The term hard is
used to distinguish it from a soft, or floppy, disk. Hard disks hold more data
and are faster than floppy disks. A hard disk, for example, can store
anywhere from 10 to more than 100 gigabytes, whereas most floppies have a
maximum storagecapacity of 1.4 megabytes.

Used to cool the CPU (central processing unit) heatsink. Effective cooling of a
concentrated heat source such as a large-scale integrated circuit requires a
heatsink, which may be cooled by a fan; use of a fan alone will not prevent
overheating of the small chip.

A power supply is an electronic device that supplies electric energy to an
electrical load. The primary function of a power supply is to convert one form

of electrical energy to another and, as a result, power supplies are sometimes

referred to as electric power converters. Some power supplies are discrete,
stand-alone devices, whereas others are built into larger devices along with
their loads. Examples of the latter include power supplies found in desktop
computers and consumer electronics devices.

Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus
interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as
hard disk drives and optical drives. Serial ATA succeeded the older Parallel
ATA (PATA) standard, offering several advantages over the older interface:
reduced cable size and cost (seven conductors instead of 40 or 80), native
hot swapping, faster data transfer through higher signalling rates, and more
efficient transfer through an (optional) I/O queuing protocol.