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# LAB

FEU-EAST ASIA COLLEGE
Information Technology Education Department

7

ITES103/ITEI103:Intro to Programming
SY 2013-2014(1st Term)

Lab 7: C++ Arrays
Objectives
This lab activity aims student to:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Familiarized with array implementation in a C++ program.
Familiarized with the different applications of arrays in C++ programs .
Familiarized with the different types of arrays in C++
To code and execute C++ programs.
To debug a C++ program.

Task 1: Theoretical Framework

An array is a consecutive group of memory locations.
Each group is called an element of the array.
The contents of each element are of the same type.
 For example, could be an array of int, double, char, …
We can refer to individual elements by giving the position number (index) of the element in
the array.

C++ Arrays start at 0 !!!!!!!

The first element is the 0th element!
If you declare an array of n elements, the last one is number n-1.
If you try to access an element more than number n then it is an error!

Array Subscripts

The element numbers are called subscripts.
For example: In foo[i], foo is the name of the array, and “i” is the subscript.
A subscript can be any integer expression:
 These are all valid subscripts:

foo[17] foo[i+3] foo[a+b+c]

3. The index for ar2 could have been omitted. i++ We can declare arrays of any data type and the size of an array is only limited by the available memory.04 }. 'S'. i++). double d[2] = { 0. 4. i++).01. ar1[i] = i.707.03. The second for loop uses the comma operator: ar2[i] << endl. Remember that each element of an array is the same kind.02. //declare an int array of size 10 for (int i=0.8. eg ar2[0] contains 1. 4. i <= 99. in bytes. //initialize for (int i=0.01. } This example shows us quite a bit about arrays:      The array ar1 has 100 elements indexed from 0 to 99 Array ar2 has 4 elements and each element is initialized to contain some value. The size of ar2 would be determined at compile time by the number of initialization values. char s[] = { 'J'.i<10.01. for (i = 0. for (i = 0. of its argument. we could have written float ar2[] = { 1. The sizeof() function is a standard function which returns the size. 'C' }. int main() { int facs[10]. } Initialization • You can initialize an array when you declare it (just like with variables): int foo[5] = { 1. //size of array is 5. 0.FEU-EAC. . 2. return 0.707}. int main() { int ar1[100].3.i<10. cout << "size of ar2 " << sizeof(ar2)<< endl. cout << ar2[i] << endl. 3.i++) facs[i] = i. int i..04 }. ITE Department ITES103/ITEI103: Intro to Programming 2/6 SY 2013-2014 (1st Term) Lab 6: C++ While Loop Statements #include <iostream> using namespace std.03. i < 4.i++) cout << “facs[“ << i << “] is “ << facs[i] << endl. //size of array is automatically determined //from the size of elements #include <iostream> using namespace std. 0 to 99 float ar2[4] = { 1.12}.02. // 100 elements. 2.6.

x++) arr[x] = 0. arr 012 0524 1379 2618 You can initialize all the elements of an array to 0 using a loop instead of setting them each individually. int arr[3][3]. x<3. x++) for (int y=0. int arr[3]. There are 3 rows. = 1. = 4. = 8. = 5. for (int x=0. = 3. Here is a table that shows you what a 2D array looks like. y++) arr[x][y] = 3*x + y. Notice that this generates a table as follows: 0 1 2 0 0 1 2 Rows 1 3 4 5 2 6 7 8 Columns  A 2-dimensional array usually stored in computer memory as 1-dimensional. = 6. x<3. for (int x=0. = 9. each with three columns.  For example. = 7. the array above may be stored as row major 0 0 1 1 Row 0 2 2 3 3 4 4 Row 1 5 5 6 6 7 7 8 8 Row 2 Index Value . You must use 2 sets of square brackets when declaring a 2D array and when using it. arr[0][0] arr[0][1] arr[0][2] arr[1][0] arr[1][1] arr[1][2] arr[2][0] arr[2][1] arr[2][2] //declare a 3 x 3 array. When you do this with a 2D array you need to use 2 loops. = 2. y<3.FEU-EAC. int arr[3][3]. ITE Department ITES103/ITEI103: Intro to Programming 3/6 SY 2013-2014 (1st Term) Lab 6: C++ While Loop Statements Two-Dimensional Arrays A 2D array is an array that has both rows and columns.

Sample output: Enter 5 numbers: 99 5 34 19 44 The largest number is 99 at index 0 The smallest number is 5 at index 1 . print them out.FEU-EAC. For example. print out the first. Store all numbers in an array named FindMax[]. middle and the last elements. The output should look like this: Random numbers are: 45 23 20 47 98 76 75 22 99 The first element : 45 The middle element : 98 The last element : 99 Activity 3: Write a program that reads five numbers from the keyboard and print the largest and smallest numbers. int arr[3][4]. we consider the first index to be row and second index to be column. ITE Department ITES103/ITEI103: Intro to Programming 4/6 SY 2013-2014 (1st Term) Lab 6: C++ While Loop Statements  In a 2-D array. User may enter 5 to 10 integers only. // 3 rows and 4 columns 0 1 2 3 0 [0][0] [0][1] [0][2] [0][3] 1 [1][0] [1][1] [1][2] [1][3] 2 [2][0] [2][1] [2][2] [2][3] Activity 1: Write a program that reads a series of numbers (5-10) from the keyboard and print them in reverse order. Sample output: How many would you like to enter? (5-10): 12 Invalid How many would you like to enter? (5-10): 5 Enter your numbers: 99 5 34 19 44 Your numbers reversed: 44 19 34 5 99 Activity 2: Write a program which will generate an array of 9 integers with random integer values between 20 and 99. Store all numbers in an array named Number[].

Store the result in Array C. Sample output: Array A: Enter a number for index[0][0]: 2 Enter a number for index[0][1]: 4 Enter a number for index[1][0]: 6 Enter a number for index[1][1]: 4 Array B: Enter a number for index[0][0]: 4 Enter a number for index[0][1]: 5 Enter a number for index[1][0]: 8 Enter a number for index[1][1]: 7 Choose option (1-Addition. 2-Subtraction): 1 Array A 2 4 6 4 Array B 4 5 8 7 Array C 6 9 14 11 Press any key to continue Activity 5: A bowling team consists of three players. Array B and Array C. Then compute and display the total score for each game. Assume that each bowler has the following score: Game 1 Game 2 Game 3 Bowler # 1: 286 252 265 Bowler # 2: 212 186 215 Bowler # 3: 252 232 216 Bowler # 4: 192 201 235 Bowler # 5: 186 236 272 Total 1128 1107 1203 . ITE Department ITES103/ITEI103: Intro to Programming 5/6 SY 2013-2014 (1st Term) Lab 6: C++ While Loop Statements Activity 4: Write a program which declares three arrays called Array A. All of the arrays contain 2 rows and 2 columns. Each player bowls three games. Perform matrix addition and subtraction of Array A and Array B. Write a program that uses 2D array to store the bowling scores.FEU-EAC.

8 151000 Camry 1. Vios or Altis) and the CC of the car (2.5) in order to get the price of the car. Example of output screen: WELCOME TO TOYOTA +++++++++++++++++ Model CC Price (Php) -------- ------------ ------------- Camry 2.8 116000 Altis 1.6 140000 Vios 2.6 79000 Altis 2. or 1.00 .8 84000 Vios 1. 1.6) :3 -----MODEL INFO----VIOS.0. models and CCs for Toyota’s car as listed below.6 100000 Choose MODEL (1:Camry 2:Vios 3:Altis) :2 Choose CC (1:2. 000.0 125000 Altis 1. 1.8 3:1.6 CC.0 2:1. The program will allow users to choose the model (Camry. Php 79.8. ITE Department ITES103/ITEI103: Intro to Programming 6/6 SY 2013-2014 (1st Term) Lab 6: C++ While Loop Statements Activity 5: Use arrays to hold the prices.FEU-EAC.0 171000 Camry 1.0 88000 Vios 1.