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Definition of Terms

Mother tongue - first language that a person learns

Teaching the process of educating or instructing

The term mother tongue was first used by Catholic monks. Ivan Illich
Mother Tongue Base Education

The use of students mother tongue as language of instruction


Learn English well and connect to the world.

Learn Filipino well and connect to our country.
Retain your mother tongue and connect to your heritage.

DepED Order No. 74, s. 2009

Institutionalizing Mother Tongue-Based

Multilingual Education

The Aspects of Development

1. Language Development
Students will establish a strong educational foundation
in the language they know best;
They will build a good bridge to the school language(s),
They will be prepared to use both/ all of their languages
for success in school and for life-long learning.
2. Cognitive Development
Cognitive development begins at home at birth.
School activities will engage learners to move well
beyond the basic questions of who, what, when and
where to cover all higher order thinking skills in the
learners L1, their language of thought.
3. Academic Development
Students will achieve academic competencies in each
subject area and, at the end of the program;
They will be prepared to enter and achieve well in the
mainstream education system.
4. Socio-cultural Development
Students will be proud of their heritage language and
culture, and respect the languages and cultures of

They will be prepared to contribute productively to their

own community and to the larger society.

Purpose of MTB-BLE:
bridge to the wider world
promotes learners integration into the national society

makes learning relevant and enjoyable

What kind of learners does MTB-MLE tend to produce?

Multi-literate - they can read and write competently in local
Multi-lingual - they can use these language in various context
Multi-cultural - they can live and work harmoniously
Strategies in Implementing Mother Tongue- Based Instruction
Translation from target language to mother tongue
Utilization of multilingual teaching
Utilization of Lingua-franca
Improvisation of instructional materials written in mother tongue
Remediation of instruction
Utilization of literary piece written in mother tongue as motivation

Benefits of Mother-tongue education:

Improves access to education
Strong bridge
Strengthen the affective domain

Reduced drop out rates

Reduced repetition
Critical Issues and Needs
Absence of books written in mother tongue
Lack of vocabulary
Adequate numbers of facilitators appropriate to local contexts
Teachers ability to cope the new language instruction
Increase the use of community knowledge and resources throughout
educational system

12 mother-tongue languages

In order to enhance the ability of Southeast Asia countries to

compete in global markets, there are greater needs for multilingual
To encourage the development of more multilingual populations, it
is critical to implement strong multilingual programs that begin in
the mother tongue and then gradually add other necessary

Studies have shown that using the language used at home (mother
tongue) inside the classroom during the learners early years of
schooling produces better and faster learners who can easily adapt
to learn a second (Filipino) and third (English) language.