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CLASS : I PUC

Motion in a plane

12

11

III

Laws of motion

11

10

IV

11

12

11

VI

10

13 Kinetic theory

14 Oscillations

15 Waves

10

10

120

105

10

Chapter

II

rigid body

Gravitation

Mechanical properties of

solids

Mechanical properties of

10

fluids

Thermal properties of

11

matter

12 Thermodynamics

9

VII

VIII

IX

TOTAL

5 mark (NP)

8

3 mark (SA2)

3+3

8

2 mark (SA1)

Physical world

Topic

5 mark (LA)

10

Marks allotted

Unit

Teaching Hours

1 mark (VSA)

16

24

30

25

I P.U.C. PHYSICS (33)

Time: 3 hours 15 min.

Max. Marks: 70

General instructions:

a) All parts are compulsory.

b) Answers without relevant diagram/ figure/circuit wherever necessary will not carry any marks.

c) Direct answers to the Numerical problems without detailed solutions will not carry any marks.

PART - A

10 x 1 = 1

1. Write the S I t of momentum.

2. Is scalar multiplied by a vector, a vector or a scalar?

3. Write an expression for position vector of centre mass of system of two particles lie on x - axis

4. Mention the expression for work done by a force in vector form.

5. What is the height of the geostationary orbit form the surface of the earth?.

6. Among rubber and steel which one has more elasticity?

7. What is ideal gas?

8. Define angle of contact.

9. State the first law of thermodynamics.

10. Mention any one applications of beats.

PART B

II. Answer any FIVE of the following questions.

52=10

12. Mention two uses of dimensional analysis

13. Distinguish between distance (path length) and displacement.

14. What is centripetal acceleration? Give the expression for it.

15. Mention any two methods of reducing friction

16. Determine the volume contraction of the solid copper cube, 10cm on its edge, when subjected to

hydraulic pressure of 7.0 x106Pa.( Given bulk modulus of copper =140x10 Nm-2).

17. What is specific heat capacity of a substance? Write the relation between specific heat capacities

of gases.

18. On an average the human heart is found to beat 75 times in minute. Calculate its frequency.

PART C

III. Answer any FIVE of the following questions.

53=15

19. State and explain Law of triangle of vectors. When will be the resultant of two given vectors is

maximum?

20. State Newtons second law of motion and hence derive F = ma .

21. Prove work- energy theorem for a constant force

22. Derive an expressions orbital speed of the earth's satellite.

23. state and explain Bernoullis theorem.

24. Write any three properties of heat radiation.

25. State the law of equipartition of energy. Write an expression for the energy associated with

diatomic molecule.

26. Discus the modes of vibrations in closed path.

PART D

IV. Answer any TWO of the following questions. 25=10

1 2

by graphical method.

at

2

28.

State and prove the law of conservation of linear momentum in case of collision

bodies.

29. Derive the relation between torque and angular momentum of a particle.

V. Answer any TWO of the following questions.

25=10

27.

30.

Derive x v o t

of

two

32. Derive an expression for period of simple pendulum.

VI.Answer any THREE of the following questions.

35=15

33. The ceiling of a long hall is 25 m high. What is the maximum horizontal distance that a ball

thrown with a speed of 40 m s1 can go without hitting the ceiling of the hall?

34.

35.

A pump on the ground floor of a building can pump up water to fill a tank of volume 30 m 3 in

15 min. If the tank is 40 m above the ground, and the efficiency of the pump is 30%, how much

electric power is consumed by the pump?

A 5 kg wheel is given an acceleration of 10 rad/sec2 by an applied torque of 2 N-m. Calculate

36.

A steam engine delivers 5.4x108J. of work per minute and serves 3.6x109J of heat per minute

from its boiler. what is the efficiency of the engine? How much heat is wasted per minute.

37.

A train standing at the outer signal of railway station blows a whistle of frequency 400Hz in

still air. i) what is the frequency of the whistle for a platform observer when the train (a)

approaches the platform with a speed of 10m/s. b) recedes from the platform with a speed of

10m/s? ii) what is the speed of the sound in each case. the speed of sound in still can be taken as

340m/s.

PART - A

I.

10 x 1 = 10

kg ms-1.

It is a vector

particles on x axis.

1

4. Mention the expression for work done by a forcce in vector form.

W=

With in elastic limit stress is directly proportional to strain

Steel

A gas which obeys both boyle's law and charle's law is called ideal gas 1

8. Define angle of contact.

It is an angle between the tangent drawn to the surface of liquid at the

point of contact with the surface of contact with in the liquid.

1

9. State the first law of thermodynamics.

The law stats that heat energy given to the system is equal to sum of

the increase in internal energy and work done by the systerm .

10. Mention any one application of beats.

They are used to detect the poisonous gases in mines. or any use

1

PART B

II.

52=10

Gravitational force

one each

Electral force

Strong nuclear force

Weak nuclear force ( any two)

12. Mention two uses of dimensional analysis

Any two of the following

one each

To convert unit of physical quantity in one system into other system of

units

To derive the relation between physical quintiles

13. Distinguish between distance (path length) and displacement.

each

Distnce or path length

displacement

It a scalar

It is a vector

It cannot be negative

It can be negative,positive or

zero

one

which the body moves

a = v2/r= r2

Any two

one each

16. Determine the volume contraction of the solid copper cube, 10cm on its

edge, when subjected to hydraulic pressure of 7.0 x106Pa.( Given bulk

modulus of copper =140Nm-2).

=

specific heat capacities of gases.

It is the quantity of heat required to raise temperature of one kg of

sbstance through one degree celcius.

CP CV= R

1

1

calculate its frequency.

f = number of oscillations /time

f= 1.25Hz.

1

1

PART C

III.

53=15

19 . State and explain Law of triangle of vectors. when will be the resultant of two

given vectors is maximum?

Statement

Explanation/fig

=0

Statement

Explanation

Arriving at f = ma

1

1

v2 = u2 + 2 a x

1

m

2ax

m(v 2 - u 2 ) =

2

2

1

1

mv 2 - mu 2 = m a x

2

2

Final KE Initial KE = F x

Change in kinetic energy = work done

Figure

m vo 2

r

vo

G M m

r2

GM

r

vo =

GM

R h

Statement.

at a height h from the reference level as shown in the figure. Let v be the velocity.

According to Bernoullis theorem,

v2 + g h + p/ = constant.

24. Wite any three properties of heat radiation.

Any properties

1each

25. State the law of equipartition of energy. write an expression for the energy

associated with diatomic molecule.

25.

Statement

U= (5/2) kT

Explanation of symbols.

f1 =

v

-------->(1)

4 l

v

f2 =

f2 = 3 f1 -------->(2)

PART D

IV.

27. Derive x v o t

1 2

at

2

25=10

by graphical method.

Velocity

v

u

Time

AO= DC = u is the initial velocity of the body ,

BD = v is the final velocity of the body ,

BC= (v-u ) is the change in velocity in time interval t .

Let a be the uniform acceleration and x be the displacement of the

body.

x =

[OA OD]

1

[AC BC]

2

x =

1

[t u] [t (v u)]

2

x =

1

u t [t(at)]

2

x ut

v - u = at

1 2

at

2

28. State and prove the law of conservation of linear momentum in case

of collision of two bodies.

statement

A

PA

PB

PA

PB

Before collision

After collision

Impulse experienced by the body A is given by,

PA PA

--->(1)

dt

PA PA ==> FAB =

FAB dt =

1

PB PB ==> FBA =

FBA dt =

PB PB

--->(2)

dt

FAB = FBA

From(1)&(2), we get

PA PA

P P

= B B

dt

dt

On rearranging, we get,

PA PB = PA PB

particle.

L = (p r ) ---->(1)

d

dL

(p r )

dt

dt

dL

dr

dp

p

r

---->(2)

dt

dt

dt

But

dr

dp

v,

F force

dt

dt

dL

= p v r F

dt

(2)==>

dL

= m v v r F

dt

dL

= r F

dt

& F

dL

dt

30.

p mv

25=10

All planets move around the sun in elliptical orbits with the sun at one of

the foci.

Explanation

Planet

An imaginary line that joins the planet and the sun sweeps equal

areas in equal intervals of time.

Explanation

A

B

C

D

E

directly proportional to the cube of the length of the semi major

axis of ellipse.

31.

t = -2730C,

If

273

then (1)===>V = V0 1

273

V = 0

above fig. But practically all known gases become liquids before attaining this

temperature (-2730C). From Charles law this is the lowest possible temperature.

1

Lord Kelvin made a scale by taking 2730C as lowest temperature. It is

called absolute scale of temperature. The lowest temperature is called

absolute zero (0K=-2730C). The temperature on the Kelvin scale is called

absolute temperate. The width of each degree on the Kelvin scale is equal to

the width of each degree on Celsius scale. The relation between Celsius

scale temperature (t) & Kelvin scale temperature (T) is given by T = (t +

273) K

2

32.

Figure

Torque;

=-L mgsin

For small amplitude

=L mg

But

=I

=- I2

L mg = I2

For a bob of mass m, the moment of inertia is given by

I=mL2

2 = g/L

T = 2

V.

33.

35=15

without hitting the ceiling of the hall?

u 2 sin2

h

2g

40 2 sin2

25

2 9 .8

= sin1(0.5534) = 33.60

Horizontal range, R

u 2 sin 2

g

1

1

40 sin2 2 33 .6

25

9 .8

150 .33m

1

34.

the efficiency of the pump is 30%, how much electric power is consumed by

the pump?

1

1

For input power Pi , efficiency is given by the relation:

torque of 2 N-m. Calculate its (a) moment of inertia

gyration.

I=/

I = 2/10

I = 0.2kgm2.

And

I = MK2.

K=0.2m

36. A steam engine delivers 5.4x108J. of work per minute and serves

3.6x109J of heat per minute from its boiler. what is the efficiency of the

engine? How much heat is wasted per minute.

= w/q1

= 5.4x108/3.6x109.

= 15%

Q2= Q1-W

= 36x108 5.4x108.

= 30.6x108J

37. A train standing at the outer signal of railway station blows a whistle of

frequency 400Hz in still air. i) what is the frequency of the whistle for a

platform observer when the train (a) aproaches the platform with a speed

of 10m/s. b) receeds from the platform with a speed of 10m/s? ii) what is

the speed of the sound in each case. the speed of sound in still can be

taken as 340m/s.

f' = f v/(v-vs)

1

=400(340-0)/340-10)

= 412Hz.

f''=400(340)/(340+10)

= 389Hz.

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