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SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE AND PRESENT

A. Simple present tense
The simple present tense indicates an action in the present time which is not
finished. This can be a habitual action ( something done regularly such as
brushing your teeth everyday ) or a general truth.
Formula :
Verbal:

:(+) S + V1 + O/C
(-) S + Do/Does + not + V1 + O/C
Note:

(?) Do/does + S + V1 + O/C ?
Nominal

: (+) S + to be + non verb + C

tobe -> am, is, are

(-) S + to be + not + non verb + C non verb -> adverb, adjective,
noun
(?) to be + S + non verb + C ?
Example :
Verbal Sentences
+) They play football this afternoon
They study English every Monday
I go to school everyday
-) I do not go to school everyday
We do not cook in the kitchen every
mornig
The boys do not come late this
morning
?) Do you go to school everyday ?
Do we cook in the kitchen every
morning ?
Do the boys come late this
morning ?

Nominal Sentences
+) The house is big
You are beautiful
Roni is in America
-) He is not clever
?) Why do you love me ?
Do the boys come
late ?
What do you cook ?

Contoh soal-soal yang menggunakan
simple present tense
1. When I invite Nadia, she
always…
2.
a. come
b. comes
2. My wife … every morning and I
don’t like it
3.
a. sleep
b. sleeps
4. 3. I … English every week in
this English Club
5.
a. learn
b. learns
4. They … in a big company
6.
a. work
b. works

7. 5. My doctors … a lot of
medicines
8.
a. give
b. gives
9.
10.6. Does she … me go ?
11. a. let
b. lets
12.7. My mother … easy to get
angry
13. a. is
b.are
14.8. My father is a police, but he
never … a criminal
15. a. catch
b. catches

16.10. What … he do ? 19.9. like b. a. do b. He doesn’t … you 17. likes 18.does . a.

a. is lying b.+) Jhon is sleeping right now 29. raining b.CONTOH SOAL-SOAL YANG MENGGUNAKAN 39. are teaching b. is shining. 26. To express the idea that something is happening now. going b. a. (?) Be + S + V1 + ing + O/C ? 26. a.8. Mr. (-) S +Be + not + V1 + ing + O/C tobe : is am are 25. are having b. It (rain) very heavily 3. a.Formula : 23. 23. is raining 3. 21.9. are shining. goes 16.10. makes b. Today is a lovely day. 22. Oh no ! It is (go) to hit me 15.?) Are you sleeping ? 35.is singing 6. Are you playing soccer tonight ? 36. 27. They are not watching television 33. a. a. are lying 8.doing 12. He is not studying 34. I don’t think you (tell) me the truth 4. Is Benny watching TV ? 37. Baker (teach) his son to ride a bicycle 2. 24. is. I am taking five courses this semester 30. living 10. a. are. 21. I am meeting some friends after work 31.7. What (be) you (do)during your spare time ? 11.PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE 40. 1.Example : 28. at this very moment 22. Who (make)the terrible noise ? 13. are living b. . is having 18. (+) S + Be + V1 + ing + O/C Note: 24. a. are telling 4.are singing b. 6.B. 25. a. is teaching 2. Present continuous tense 20. 19. is making 14. Tom (have) a bath now 17. telling b.doing b.-) They aren’t joining 32. 5. 38. The sun (shine) and the birds (sing) 5. a. 20. Which fish (live) in the sea ? 9. Where is the puppy ? It (lie) under the sofa 7.

) We didn’t see him yesterday . We use the past simple to talk about actions or situations in the past .He … very well yesterday . AC. (?) To Be ( was / were ) + S + Non Verb ? I. SIMPLE PAST TENSE 1. ( ? ) Were they at the park last year ? Q.Did you … in a hotel last week ? AD. Example : J. N. AB. AI. TENSE A. ( . (-) S + To Be ( was / were ) + Not + Non Verb H. the government … to begin a food program .) He didn’t watch TV last Sunday . AH. SIMPLE PAST TENSE B. ( ? ) Did you go out last night ? Y. decide 28.) Tom wasn’t at work last Monday . U. M. ( . ( + ) They visited a farm last month . ( . had been roamed b. Watch b. a. Nominal Sentences R. AE. AA. ( + ) The children were at home last Sunday . decided b.Dinosaurs … the earth millions of years ago . a. roamed 29. watched AF. . (+) S + To Be ( was / were ) + Non Verb G. stayed b. AG.He didn’t … TV last Sunday . Ten years ago . (-) S + Did not + V I + O/C E. S.) We weren’t here yesterday. Verbal Sentences L. O. ( ? ) Were you here yesterday ? X. CONTOH SOAL-SOAL YANG MENGGUNAKAN Z. slept b. ( ? ) Did She stay with her friend last month ? W. stay 31.  Pattern ( Verbal Sentence ) C. a. V. ( . ( + ) Oliver was here yesterday . (+) S + Verb II + O/C D. is sleeping 30. ( + ) George and Peggy helped their brother . P. K. T. a.SIMPLE PAST TENSE AND PAST CONTINUOUS 27. a. (?) Did + S + V I + O/C ?  Pattern ( Nominal Sentence ) F.

AZ. BO. AY. BI. She was singing while we were at the café yesterday studying . While Mrs .AJ. S + was / were + V I ( ing ) WHEN S + V 2 AO. a. ( ? ) Were Luna and Lucy watching TV last month ? BH. 1. . a. FORMULA (kalimat majemuk) AN. Was working – were 4. ( . he … excitedly. (+) S + To Be ( was / were ) + V I (ing) + O AR. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE AL. 1. 2. Was working – was sitting sitting BR. you called me . 5. we … dinner . 2. BA. You … (watch) television when I phoned you . 3. While I … in the garden . AU. BQ. ( + ) Tom was cooking the dinner yesterday. he … on the grass . Example : AV. Was reading – was listening BN. BM. (-) S + To Be ( was / were ) + NOT+ V I ( ing ) + O AS. b.We use the past continuous to say that someone was doing something at a certain time AM. ( + ) She was reading the newspaper last Sunday . AK. Reading – listened b. When I called Teddy . AP. ( .) George wasn’t having lunch BF. BC. 3. BD. I was listening to the radio when the telephone rang .1. BL. Example : BB. CONTOH SOAL-SOAL YANG MENGGUNAKAN BJ. ( ? ) Were They playing football last week? BG. 4. (?) To Be (was / were ) + S + V I ( ing ) + O 2. AX. Emerson … the little boy a story . S + was/were + V I ( ing ) WHILE S + was / were + V I ( ing ) AT. he was listening to music last night . Were having BP. a. They were singing together while Their father was sleeping .) I wasn’t listening the music BE. SIMPLE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE BK. Formula : AQ. Was having b. When John arrived . I was not doing anything when yesterday . AW.

(-) S + had not + Verb-3 CE.BS. (-) S + had + not + been + Non verb CH. (?) Had he slept when I came last night? CR. (+) He had slept when I came last night CM. CK. (?) had + S + been + Non verb ? CI. Past perfect is a verb form used to express that an action has been completed at some point in the past before another action occurs. CB. BU. (+) S + had + been + Non verb CG. Past Perfect Continuous CS. PAST BYPERFECT TENSE AND PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE TENSETENSE BZ. (+) S + had + Verb1-ing CV.a. (--) I had not been there when the accident happened CQ. Formula : CU. BV. (+) S + had + Verb-3 CD. . BW. Example : CJ. Past perfect continuous emphasizes the duration of an activity that was in progress before another activity happened in the past. (?) had + S + been Verb1-ing CX. Example : . Formula : O Verbal: CC. CT. Past Perfect Tense CA. (--) He had not slept when I came last night CN. BX. (?) Had I been there when the accident happened? B. (+) I had been there when the accident happened CP. A. Was watching b. Were watching BT. Verbal Sentences CL.(--) S + had + not + Verb1-ing CW. Nominal Sentences CO. (?) had + S + Verb-3 ? O Nominal CF.

(+) The labors had been demonstrating for an hour CZ. Example : DY. (?) Will + S + V1 + O/C DN. this will happen. SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE AND FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE A. Pattern (Verbal) :  (+) S + be + going to + V1 + O/C  (-) S + be + not + going to + V1 + O/C  (?) to be + s + going to + V1 + O/C DV. (?) Will + S + be + C DR. Verbal Sentences EA. when the manager came (--) The labors had not been demonstrating for an hour when the manager came (?) Had the labors been demonstrating for an hour when the manager came? DE. DX. DA.Pattern (Nominal) :  (+) S + be + going to + be + C  (-) S + to be + not going to + be + C  (?) to be + s + going to + be + C DW. DF. DH. (+) S + be going to + be + C DP. DJ. DU. (+) Belinda will be a singer in my birthday party tomorrow. . At one particular time in the future.(+) He will post a letter EB. (-) S + to be + not going to + be + C DQ. Definition Simple Future : DI. Nominal Sentences EG. DB. DC. (+) I will go to Mojosari DZ. Be = am. NOTE : DS. DD. Pattern (Verbal) : DK.are DT. (-) S + will + not + V1 + O/C DM.When the speaker is expressing a prior plan.is.CY. Pattern (Nominal) : DO. Simple Future Tense DG. (+)S + will + V1 + O/C DL.

(?) Will Anna learn English later tonight? EH. (-) She will not be our teacher for next semester.(?) Will you work today? EF. (-) Mr. (-) They will not sleep ED. (?) Will John be an animator tomorrow? .tomorrow EC. (-) She will not swim next week EE. Swan will not be here next term. EK. EJ.S. EI.A? EL.(?) Will he be in U. (+) She will be my sister.

EO. I know it from the news.) FI. FB. A. (?) Will Reina be delivering a speech to people tomorrow? FUTURE PERFECT TENSE AND FUTURE EZ. Nominal Sentences FM.B. (+) We will be shifting to a new home next year. (?) will + S + have + been + time signals ( by the time. I will not anniversary have finished my study FR. Future Perfect Tense FA. Example : ET. EV. the future progressive expresses an activity that will be in progress at a time in the future. Definition Future Continous : EN. FP. (+) He will be flying a kite next morning.(?) Will he have been in our FO.. (-) He will not have been will see you in May. Nominal FH. (-) S + will + not + have + been + time signals ( by the time. EX.. (?) will + S + have + V3 FG. EW. I will have anniversary. (?) Will you have finished new house by our next your study by the time I see anniversary? you? . EU. (-) She will not be enjoying her vacations next week. Pattern : EP.(?) Will + S + be + V-ing ES.Verbal FD.(+) S + will + have + been + time signals ( by the time. (-) I will graduate in June. By the in our new house by our next time I see you. (-) S + will + not + have + V3 FF.Verbal Sentences FL. (+) S + will + have + V3 FE. Future Continous Tense EM.. (?) Will he be expecting honesty from his employees next monday? EY. The future perfect expresses an activity that will be completed before another time or event in the future. … ) FK. (-) S + will + not + be + V-ing ER. (+) I will graduate in June. … ) FJ. By the for a long time. (+) S + will + be + V-ing EQ. By our next time I see you.Formula : FC. we will have graduated been married for 43 years FN. (+) We have been married I will see you in July. (-) It will not be raining tomorrow. I FQ.

FS. .