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his article is about the type of website.

For the article about Wikipedia, see W
ikipedia. For other uses, see Wiki (disambiguation).
"WikiNode" redirects here. For the WikiNode of Wikipedia, see Wikipedia:WikiNode
"Wiki format" redirects here. For the type of markup language, see Wiki markup.
File:Ward Cunningham, Inventor of the Wiki.webm
Interview with Ward Cunningham, inventor of the wiki
A wiki (Listeni/'w?ki/ wik-ee) is a website which allows collaborative modificat
ion of its content and structure directly from the web browser. In a typical wik
i, text is written using a simplified markup language (known as "wiki markup"),
and often edited with the help of a rich-text editor.[1]
A wiki is run using wiki software, otherwise known as a wiki engine. There are d
ozens of different wiki engines in use, both standalone and part of other softwa
re, such as bug tracking systems. Some wiki engines are open source, whereas oth
ers are proprietary. Some permit control over different functions (levels of acc
ess); for example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing materi
al. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules may a
lso be imposed to organize content. A wiki engine is a type of content managemen
t system, but it differs from most other such systems, including blog software,
in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis ha
ve little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the need
s of the users.[2]
The encyclopedia project Wikipedia is by far the most popular wiki-based website
, and is in fact one of the most widely-viewed sites of any kind of the world, h
aving been ranked in the top ten since 2007. (Wikipedia is not a single wiki but
rather a collection of hundreds of wikis, one for each language.) There are at
least tens of thousands of other wikis in use, both public and private, includin
g wikis functioning as knowledge management resources, notetaking tools, communi
ty websites and intranets.
Ward Cunningham, the developer of the first wiki software, WikiWikiWeb, original
ly described it as "the simplest online database that could possibly work".[3] "
Wiki" (pronounced ['wiki][note 1]) is a Hawaiian word meaning "quick".[4][5][6]
Contents [hide]
1 Characteristics
1.1 Editing wiki pages
1.2 Navigation
1.3 Linking and creating pages
1.4 Searching
2 History
3 Alternate definitions of "wiki"
4 Implementations
5 Trust and security
5.1 Controlling changes
5.2 Trustworthiness
5.3 Security
5.3.1 Potential malware vector
6 Communities
6.1 Applications
6.2 WikiNodes
6.3 Participants
6.4 Growth factors
7 Conferences
8 Rules
9 Legal environment
10 See also
11 Notes

while the entire collection of pages. which are usually well i nterconnected by hyperlinks. evolving. is "the wiki".[10] French explorer Jacques Marquette was the first Euro pean to reach the Wisconsin . Many wikis are open to alteration by the general public without requiring registration of user accounts. complex and networked text. The word Wisconsin originates from the name given to the Wisconsin River by one of the Algonquian-speaking American Indian groups living in the region at the ti me of European contact. described the essence of the Wiki concept as follows:[7] A wiki invites all users to edit any page or to create new pages within the wiki Web site. this feature facilitates abuse of the system. using only a plain-vanilla Web browser without any extra add-ons. A wiki is essentially a database for creating. browsing. inventor of the wiki Ward Cunningham and co-author Bo Leuf. Many edits can be made in real-time and appear a lmost instantly online. and searching through information. Wiki promotes meaningful topic associations between different pages by making pa ge link creation almost intuitively easy and showing whether an intended target page exists or not. it seeks to involve the visitor in an ongoing process of creation and collaboration that co nstantly changes the Web site landscape. Generally. P rivate wiki servers require user authentication to edit pages. A single page in a wiki website is referred to as a "wiki page". argument and interaction. A wiki allows non-linear . However.12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links Characteristics Ward Cunningham. using a simple ma rkup language and a web browser. Instead.[8] A defining characteristic of wiki technology is the ease with which pages can be created and updated. and sometimes eve n to read them. A wiki enables communities to write documents collaboratively. in their book The Wiki Way: Quick Collabo ration on the Web. A wiki is not a carefully crafted site for casual visitors. there is no review before modifications are acc epted.